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DICTIONARY 



OF 



NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY 



ESDAILE FINAN 



DICTIONARY 



OF 



NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY 



EDITED BY 



LESLIE STEPHEN 



VOL. XVIII. 
ESDAILE FiNAN 



MACMILLAN AND CO. 

LONDON : SMITH, ELDER, & CO. 
1889 



I J/ 









f-i 



II V 



LIST OF WEITE3ES 



IN THE EIGHTEENTH VOLUME. 



B. A KoBKHT Anblow. 

T. A. A. . . T. A. AscHER. 

G. F. R B. G. F. BossELL Bahkkk. 

P. A. B. . . P. A. Babnett. 

B. B The Bm. Eokaid Batnb. . . 

T. B Thomas Batne. ',-• ' 

W. B-E. , . William Batne. 

C. B. .... Pbofsssok Cecil Bendau, 
G. T. B. . . G. T. Bettant. 

A. C. B. . . A. C. BicKLET. 

B. H. B. . . The Bet. B. H. BLACtEB. 

W. G, B.. . The Bbt. Pbotessob Blaiiie, D.D. 

G. C. B. . . G. C. BoASE. 

E, T. B. . . Mis8 BEADr.ET. 

E. H. B. . . R. H. Bhodib. 

A. H. B. . . A. H. Bdllhn. 

G. W. B. . G. W. BoBMEiT. 

J. B-T.. . . James Bubitlet. 

E. C-H., . . ^DV.M Cakkak. 

H. H. C. . . 3- HaMKBBS CaiCHBSTEE. 

J. W. C-E. J. Willis Clabe. 

A. M. C. . . MiBB A. M. Clbbkb. 

T. C Thompson Coofeb, F.8.A. 

C. H. C. . . C. H. CoOTE. 
W.P. C... W. P. CotjoriTET. 

C. C Chablbs Cbeishtok, M.D. 

H. C. . . ■ . Tki Bet. Pbofxssob Cbeiuhtun. 



L, C Lionel Ccst. 

J. D Jameh Dijon. 

K. D BOBBBT DuNLOP. 

P. E Francis Esfinasse. 

L. F LoDis Faoan. 

C. H. F. . . C. H. Fibth. 

J. G. F. . . J, G. FOTHEBINOHAM. 

R- Q RicHAKD Gabnett, LL.D. 

J. T. G. . . J. T. Gilbebt, F.S.A. 
E. C. K. G. E. C. K. GoNNKB. 
G. Q Gordon Qooswin, 

A. G The Ret. Alexandkb Gobdon. 

R. E. G. . . R. E. Geatm. 

W. A. G. . W. A. Gbkenhiix, M.D. 
J. A. H. . . J. A. Hamiltom. 

B. H Robert Habbisok. 

W, J. H. . . pRopESsoB W. Jekohb Babbisok. 

T. F. H. . . T. F. Henderson. 

R. H-e. . . Thb Ret. Richard Hooper. 

J- H Miss Jennbtt Homfhbets. 

R. H-T. . . The iath Robert Hunt, F.R,S. 
W. H. ... The Ret. William Hont. 

B. D. J. . . B. D. Jaceson. 

R. J. J. . . . The Bev. R, Jbnkin Junes. 
H. G. K. . . H. G. Keenb, CLE. 

C. K Chables Kent. 

J. K Joseph Khiobt. 



vi List of Writers. 

J. K. L. . . Pbofksbor J. K. L&uohtox. 

8. L. L. . . 8. L. Lm. 

W. B. L. . . The Rev, W. B. Lowth«h. 

G. P. M. . . G. P. Macdokkll. 

M.^. ... JEsKAH Maceai, LL.D. 

W. D. M. . The Rbv. W. D. Macrat, F.S.A. 

J. A. F, M. J. A. Fdixkb Uaitland. 

C. R. M. . . CLgHKNTs R. MARkHAM, C.B.. F.H.S, 

C. T. M. . C. Thicb Martik, F.S.A. 

L. M. If . . . Miss Middlbtok. 

CM OOBHO MOKKBODSB. . 

N, M NoBMAJT MoouK, M.D. 

A. T. M. . . Arthur T. Mtkrs, M.D. 

A. N Albbrt Nicholson. 

T. The Rbv. Thoscas Oldbn, 

T. P The Rev. Thomas Parkinsus. 

J. F. P. . . J. F. Patkk, M.D. 

G. G. P. . . The Rmt. Cakon Pshht. 



R. L. P. . 


. R. L. Pools. 


J. M. R. 


. J. M. Rioo. 


C. J. R. . 


. Tbb Rkt. C. J. RoBiMaOH. 


J. H. B. . 


. J. Horace Rouxd. 


a. B. S. . 


. O. Babnktt Skith. 


L. S. . . . 


. Leslie Stephkk. 


H. M. S. . 


. H. Morse SrKrHKN.s. 


C. W. S. . 


. C. W. Sltton. 


ir. R. T. . 


. H. R. Tbddkr. 


T. F. T. . 


, PRot-BssoR T. F. Tout. 


J. T-i_ . . 


. JoKF Ttndali, F.R.S. 


E. V 


. The Rev. Canox Venables. 


A. V. . . . 


, AlSAOER VlAW. 


A. W. W. 


. Pn<n-E890K A. W. Ward, LL.D 


M. G. W. 


. Thb Rkv. M. G. Watkins. 


F. W-T. . 


. Fbaxcis Watt. 


w. w. . . 


. Warwick Wroth. 



DICTIONARY 



OF 



NATIONAL BIOGRAPHY 



Esdaile 



Esdaile 



'^Ud OMmerist, «lde«l *on r>f tli*! IWr. Dr. Kitf 

duUtmiV^nh, WM born M Montrose 6 Feb. 

IBW. AA«r the usual Efhool e<Jii(.-»tion bv 

tuJiMl DiMlicmL' at Edinbnr^h Unircmty, 

\*ni gredaaXeii then as M.l>. in i>*W. From 

I Vi^liooil ktit liuuTB had bLt'o d<-licaU>, autt lii> 
VKs cnnMM)ut»ulIj r^couiiiMnidud to ■ILumpt 
mrrfifl pructic" in h warm climate, lie oo- 
UiiikI n tnedic-a] appoistmont in tbe sorvivo 
i>f tliQ Iv-tJil In<liB ('iin)]mnv, and rfiachtid 
(.'aK-iiilA in July 1^11. n>< vaa atatraned 

I in the lleneal pit«id<>nc\, «nd fur four ywuK 
^, ,.. , „ Fi..!.Ti- nf hi^ry worlf. At the eiuJ of 
: , bi' brobe down, and went od 
■■ lut I wo years u\A a liidf. K'> 
hail [ittliic* and many imoreste, and 

Ifa-. - ijil and lively account of this 

litttj; lioliiiuv yLftUre from the lieJ Sea, 
Ey^l, aMd'thf i'vntiitenl, Caleutla, 183H), 
IB which he visited Egvpt and luly. Hi- 
rMum«l tM Calcutta in Suvouibcr L&^.aiid 
ITM eodu afl'Tn-ard.-t [lUt in charfft^ of the 
lifl«pital ai Hiriglily, ultoul twualT-tivL' milft- 
oot-' ' ' ' iiita. He (iMcnltestha |)lace ait 
aw ' i oWiirt> villflffe, bat was very 

b>i>Y "> '>- jTort-Mional woTK, and new ami 
nicViiet-U'l int<-^■•Uff^tdtt)l]ly absorbed him. 
Hi V ' i lii(l<?of mpsmerism.'butonly 

ter **ys 'from tlie nt.-wsnBpori<,' 

Tfc' ■: dwloTBtion of Dr. Elliolfon, 

in ' in oration of I83S, thflt b« 

ah. I Uuneolf if Iw denicxi tb» tnilb 

of .' ric {ilwunnutna, uuulc a coa- 

Mi1 ; r>^ivioa on Esdaile. Iln bad, 

■1 any ono mo«npri«('d hi— 
■im-^nt Iiims4rlf,nn 4 April 
1 n 1 ' f of middle ojpe, wh<> 

Ku < Miolypainfid surgical 

(t|^' I 1h> pain wu moot severe 

an-t .'ion waa caai[^«te, itoc- 

eii'- - lu LrytoaMHlwthu puieatliy 



the'mveiiKrwmssett.' He madu tli« aitfimpi: 
jil<M<lilv, and altxr mtof- timt< induced a con- 
dition of det'p sipcp, in which lui> pat!r;nt vraa 
qui[» indifri<r><nt lo slinrp pin-pnckit on tli« 
hands ami Yery mronjrly [ninfjcnt solution of 
ammouiu in the mouth, la. tbu njiiuion of the 
Kn^Uth jildgf and collector who wilntMyod 
and wrote Uieir 8i.!paxai« ftoeouiit.s »f tlia 
M«tto,tb«r«wa«'a complete sus)nni«icMiof wn- 
Mbiliiy TO o.<(t«niiiI imprv^oos of the Rioat> 
painful kind.' A wmkU tRtLT(ll A (inO Evdaile 
vivni a etvp further and moKmerisM the Mine 
mtitmt hi^>t(>n-th«M)cund«ndsiitiilaropentioD. 
Tho roan ri°adily bdcame nnronsciouii, ghownl 
no xymplotn« of pain during the o]ioration, 
antl wh<>n he wnk.> [liirtvcn liourfi lftt*>r was 
quite unaware ihal anything bad bi-ou done 
to him. Thi«c r«>»ulta were first nritiit:^ in- 
the 'Imlin Jrtunin! of Mwliral and Phvuical 
Scu^nce," Mov 184.% iind eviAmw of oimilar 
unuwlhvaia in umputatioii of tbt! Arm and 
»omi.- mnior Huiyicul oiH-rations qnickly fol- 
lowed. The mieuioal prew di-clnn-d that E«- 
dailu muct have beuo very eoaity dujwd. 
Neither Kadailn nor hln mtic« were aware of 
the position eetablielied in the ' Neurynno- 
logy of Jamra Bniidrq.T.]in IHf^. K'»uaile 
was^enerallyreganleaasan eminently hottMt 
and practical enthumast. After the iinl year 
of this mMmeric pnurtice ho bad nrcumulat^-d 
more than n hundred ca^s of tlioMi anaes- 
thetic o]i«rat)nnf>, and n>porled tlio rvsulti* 
to tbe gOviTninvut, wbi:i\iup"n the ileputv- 
govpriior of ilt>n|^al, Sir lltrlitTt Maddoclt, 
uppuiuted as a fiisttest acommilt^of M;ri-)i 
■nt>nibiT>, four nf wbom were medical men, 
ta teyart on Eedaile'a mrj^oal operations. 
After some careful iorflstigaiionotninoopu- 
ntioQs they drew up a very fsvourable do* 
KiiptioD, followed bv the coDctuntua that it 
wad ' incumbent ou tlie government to ofibrd- 
to Uicir lOAious »Bt\ mvritorious officer [Dr. 



\%' 



Esdaile 



Esdaiie 



Efdnilo] xucli UMstuica lu nmy forililAtA litit 
inTfJitigatiMis.' Accordingly, in XovcmbtT 
184^, • small bt»[iilit1 in Cnlcuttn wim put 
nl him dinoMl hy the i^ortrnnK'nt. for a year 
•llw&tofexpenmcnl. Medical visitors w(,>n> 
appointMl by ih." iKpiity-^iremor ftf ll.:-ii(rn.l. 
•nu tUu Loapiuil wu opcu to th« publie. 
Kailaile directed that all the mcamenMtion 
eliould U; iH-rf'>rm<.<(l by hijiuativo«ervanii«un<l 
(ln;«Mn iii lite Ii'}«]>Uiil, and referred all bis 
•trt-nfUthforllie [i^'iipnil direction of the plan 
and Itiv perfortuann.- of (liu opitntiva^. Ditt 
pnx-c*.* of lat-sin.irisat ion was ofU'ti l.^iou.«, 
and oecaBioiially Ik stcd otlt largv parts of ton 
or l.wi'IviTdiivsl^^torftpntipnliiwvri.'Considiinsl 
to \iC completely prolected apainat pain in a 
KrioiiB operiktioii ; »oinotime*. howifver, fliis 
condition was Tv«clie<l in lialf an hour. The 
Diporl of tlie inwlical risilorx at tin? *nd of 
the jrcftrCIlMctDhcr 18J7)n-a.<iliat cotnplolo 
iiiMiL*ibilily to pain wa* prtxluci^ by inea- 
mcrism in the iuo><;t scvtro oprration^, and 
that its iniluviiov in rt-ducing thv rhook of 
the operation wail dwidedlyfavoumble, Th* 
new govefnar-pmenl, I^nl DuUiousie, Tory 
soon aftor hi« arrirnl in India, in Jantuirv 
181**. ronjrratwlatod Eatlailr^ on his wirirMs, 
in which he showt-d a lifvlon^ interest, and 
at onco promotM htm to V prc«id«iU7 «UT> 
gi^ii (cf. Lord Dalhousie'a letter in Mominff 
ChnmicU, 14 Anp. I^-jC). E«dai1« waa tho 
youngest eurgc-ou who could bav<! hi>ld the 
pla€«, aitd it is a poat that generaUy leads 
to n furtunvfrom privaiu proctico. Tuiewatf 
\\\i> ouluiiiiatiog point of ISMlail«'i caraer. 
Within the wm« year (1848) the n»e of 
chloniform ami elhi>'r aw anansthntinn was )i»w 
irinninp^ in India. Ksdsile f^lt the imprii- 
dencQof«b«aty adoption of chloniforin under 
all cirraimatancnN, inivjimiich int thrrt' rmild Ui 
tittle donhtthat occasiDiially ilo dan^rs wure 
great«r than thi>?i< of mcMm^nmi, and in 
India its nwullii might b*> only a little moro 
Oertain. He stayed on in Calcutta for lhr<>e 
mom years, ncplwtinjT his oppsrtunitif^K for 
making; a Iftrjr» prirale praeliw, tliotiifh tie 
was still fiirthor promotvd to be marine sur- 
gMu ill 1850. IIi-< iiitur<.-«t in uiusin>.>rism 
conlinned to bo vi'ry k&en. For thc»«' who 
held aloofeulirt'ly he fxprcssed soma ripirous 
(.'ont^inpt. Thi- nntivir* had much niffnril for 
him. They found (hat be (>u(^ci>»^fully ni- 
t«m tited the renio%*al of t umoiirs in elephan- 
tiaaia weighing up to 7} stone, upon which 
other aut^EWHis declined to operate. Ln all 
hfl records SOI painlMaoporationsof hi« own 
under mennorirai, wow veiy sevri-, with a 
death-rate of about 5^ per c*nt. ]l« left 
Calcutta I June 1851, ut soon njt bis twitnty 

J 'ear* of aervice w«re up, though he waa only 
or^-iLhree, ' lor,' to usu his own irorda, ' I 



delestud the clituatv, the <-ountrv. aud 
its ways, from tbr> tnomrnt t 6rst act foot i 
it,' Il« wt^nt I" liv nrar IVrtb, d< 
any further profi-isional prMticp, and 
timij occupied himself in recordinff ad3H 
plaininj^bisMKCdoingn. When thcAmrrici 
Congrcte in 18<V1 offered a priie of n buudr 
thousand dollani to the discoverer of the am 
theiic powertof L-i ber, d'-scrilii>4j a* tho lau-lwn 
anaestbetic, bv nddn?ii!ted to tbi' oon^Tf^s an 
iodiiniant prolt>^i<t, not claimlnjf th>* di" 
but dvnyiu^' that t.nherpt\\:'.-d'.'i me^mvrii 
After hifi ft-tuni he aouiflit relinmenl, aad Id 
Indian Euccnees were uttio known. Iletri- 
a few mMimtiric oxpcrtmiuitH in Sotllnnd, ail 
came to the conclusion that they were un- 
duly exhniislinK to himself, and that onli 
'the depr&tsing influence of dL'^eaM will 

found to reduce Europeans to t he iiopreaail 

condition of th« nor%-otu syitem ao cummun 
among the eastern nationa.' In hia donc*- 
tic lifo he bad bad many troubles. Uit 
flret married bcforeIeaviu(.'fur Lidia \n\l 
and bi» wife ha<l died on the rnrage out. I] 
married n Aeconil time, and sumred a si'Tot 
lowi. .Xftrr a third inarriaj^, in IWiVI, 
wife aurrired him many yearn. He had 
children. In the later years of his lif« 
found 8i*olland t''>o cold n I'limnlt^ for 
health, and came lo live at SYdt:uham,wli 
he died 10 .Tan. lS.'>9. aged oO. 

Hi* published bookit consist of the follffii^ 
inp: 1. 'Letters from the lied Sea, Eg 
and the f'ontinent,'CalcullA, 1839. i. 'Wl 
meriir Facta, mporlt^I hy Jamea E«daile, M.ll 
Civil AsaiFtani-Surffeon,' Hooffhlyi 18-|.'j(i 
prtnlnd from * India Journal of Modtcnl 
Phwifal .Science,' vol. iii. No^. Ty, 6, I84li 
3. ' Mesmerism in India, and its Practical 
.Application in Piirgery and Mi'dicine,' Ijin- 
don, 1846. 4. 'A R«ord of Caai'H ireali: " 
in the Memneric Ilospital, from Nomml 
ISIfi to I».-o'-mher 1*17, with Reports oft 
CJfticial VisifoTd. I*riiiteii by order of tfc 
OoTcmmpnt,' Calcutta, 1847.' .5. 'A 
of my Koviowcrs,* Calcutta, l.'?4S(nJl 
from ibe'India Hc^tistor of .Medical 1 
vol. i.) 0. ' lliu luiroduction of MwK 
aa an Ann-iilheiic and Cumtive AgenI 
the H'ispitaU of In(iia,'Prnh, Ia52. 7. '1 
Itirnl anil Mt'Him-ric Clairiiivnnre, with \\ 
I'raclical Application of Mesmeriam in Si 
gery and Medicine,' London, 1S62, 

^r^ny art-iclcs and li-tt.r» w.-re puliliahri 
by tb'taewho sympatUtAc-d with him in Kc 
land : the chief of these are to he found 
lh« 'Zuist,' 1*40, xiv. 103, iv. 2*1, 41! 
lKi7, xvi. firtl; Irt4«, xxli. 1; \>>VJ. X%\\ 
303; 18.W, XXX. 18flj 1851, ssxiv. llj 
»)8; ]8A», xJ. 4l», xlili. 304; 13&4, 



Esdaile 




[Best >1m KkIuIs'b owu wriiiuirs sod th« Go vtrn- 

tniuit Itrtmna af 1847-1*. the chief autboriues 

■- •■'■-ri DomMMn. ISift-iil (among 

uita ^elitfarano and Military 

•.. l,i April. 9, 13. 16, 38, 20 May, 

a lUKl 10 Juae; Ucii^iil Uiirkaru, i Juno 1840; 

BambaT D'-ntonlbly Timoe. 19 Oct, and 1 Nor. 

'Uslhi (iMetlP. 11 Jan. 1SI8; EvtMn 

3 iutin 1848; laAin, tlesi^ttr <'>' niAdioil 

n-w. I84S. pp. 51, 55. 7». 7fil-'l ; Cjitcntbv 

10 Jan and il Fob, 1850; Itcmbay M«lieal 

- '-•! : ('iilcttlln Miiniiii]^ Chrti* 

Inttwluclwrv Ijedurii al 

Mi-iie by l)r. AlUn Webb, 

iunlh llcporl. ul Landun Miisf 

nc ■, LoadoD, 1859; aiul ;>riva;u iu- 

(oroijii i.-i.; A. T. M. 

ESDAILE, "WILUAM (17.W-1RS7), 

lit collw-'tor, fourth »on of Sir 

, knight, of Great finish, T-]*- 

au 1 I'lri mayororLondon,l)^bis»ecand 

wife. Mary iloyor, was bom Fob. 1768. 

He rectfivfd a ix>uuu(>rcial education, and 

house 
80 Sir 
Jhti xraainduowl brhinNm-in-law, 

Sir 1. ,, 1 Ilammet, M found with him 

n ni-n' luitikin^ bunim-uf. and on its formation 

"^^'illiiim Ksdailpinmst'>^mvihiBsi;rviceslothe 

l>dail«, IFiimmot, 3: Co., 21 Lom- 

■'t. l\'\A Mn thus (lc»cnb«a him in 

A pnraie journal : ' Last but aoi least in the 

welfare of th<? iNinccm cam«> W. j^daita, the 

of bustuei^s ; [>erch{.-d oa a high eiool ho 

to bn s«n intvnt o:i llio uko\ emeiit.a of 

ouMhiut;; liiirdly rvgardjiig thoso who 

oatnv lulo the partwrs' ofliCR lut wan ab- 

anrbfd in hiij laek. He bad neither talent 

Di>r incliiiatiuu for c<>nvi-n>iition im p-ui.Tal 

i' ' , and be knpw little or nnthing at 

>- |>«a9iii»; out iif bankini^ bours.' 

ni-iw prrtijHtfi'ii unJi.T hi* earn, (lud, 

Qiouoy al hii) D>iniDiuid, Iwlnile 

'' ■ "oojK- of hia taetes, and beffun 

I'-ntif print*. Hi* wirlitT piir- 

(larini; uud ch«sp, but, diiitru«I- 



waA Itluix-d iLi a clerk in the bankins-t 
of 1 - •'•- • ■ & Co. In or about 1>8 



I findiiu' 
[-«n.| -■ 



ia^ hm i>wii jud^rm«<nt, ht^ pngap^d a profca- 
^.■iiin? rn.i-t;(Nt. M'-< '<tti;iani«a by whom he 
iiictiiina in London. 
IS- bulk of hii) culli'c- 
iy pmv'luwttl, aa nppor- 
, cliina, booka, and the 
'fib KM I {-room. Towarda 
I hi" lifi,', wht-n hia mind 
iig u^, ho ubaodonetl bis usual 
* a|iont nn a Urae and Mmo<imM 
Lily In iiiQ advanta^ of 
I nas cnnKiderrd oao of 
TJji.:it<;'m EujrliLiid. lti\-aasobl 
dr-atb, Ibr Milr •-il.'iulinf^ oter lix- 
ilaya. 'Vhc fh'vvt altnL-iiuiui wrrc the 
ry complet*! ««t of ItenbrunOL elchiutfsawl 



Esmonde 

Claiulo dmwtnge, which G»dailu hud bought 
ou tba diMjKOval of Sir TbnmaH liuwn^tnce'n 
iwnflcti>)i),and alarffp seloriion from thi* brat 
work of tbuv-irly llaltim i-ngTavrra. In 1^25, 
being' th^^n Hixty-4>igbt, F><dail« look hi.s ftrst 
trip abroiBd, visiting It air, and was so pk-aaed 
with the exptrim<:-iit tliat be rtiH-att-d it two 
yean later, la ItUJ, oa rciurniug to his 
nmdeiioj at Clapham from I>uTcr, bu waa 
wi»Hi with A (Inti^Tou.t malarial fi^Tcr, but^ 
though her«covcred bis health, hewasa^rvr 
a^in ablt (o att/^nd tobuflinl^sso^toltlanag» 
bis property. li'.> lu-ii Ixt rvud nor wrote, and 
apont the whole dav in overlooking hi* col- 
Iwtiou of prime, llo paasod the winter of 
18^^-ti at Komi^ and Naplf-i, but after hia 
rutum his conetituti<m be^a to gradually 
linMik up. Hv wiL* r^intineil to bw bed for 
niuH manthi, and, dyini; iit (.lanhnm, 2 Oct. 
IH37, was iKiried m Uunbill Fields. Tho 
bnnking^hotuw of Esdaile & Ilflmmct hud 
ceased to e:(ist from tht* be^iiiiiiinfr of the 
yvHT. Eadailc'fi portntit waa paintod by both 
wilkie and LuwrvUL-v.undfroui uuoth'<r pic- 
ture by Shnriilts »n enjcraviny wan [nad«. 
Hu marrti-d Kiiiabutb, tbii onlv cbild of Kd- 
wnrd Juflm's, |j>*atiuritriif Hi. 'fhiimas's Floa- 
pitiil, by whom lie had two itonB and fnur 
daiigbtnrit. Tht-ir (fTHniWnt Williiitn JciTriea 
Frfdailf, married, i;7 Sept, li*37, lantht^Fliui, 
the dauffhtar of P. B. Shelley and Uarriet 
Weatbrook. 

[Privau iaformatkn: Oeot. Klae. 1840. new 
aer.xlr. tSI); BTOu'aCatalogiMof PorLtnita.] 

A. V. 

ESKOROVE^ Loud (1724-1804). [8w 
Rac, Sib b.^viu.j 

ESMOKDE. 3iB LAURENCE, Lord E». 
MONDE (1&70?-1B)6), ftovernor of Dtincan- 
non, woa the second buu uf Walter Eanumdfl 
of Johnstown, L'l). NWxfonI, and hin wifp Mar- 
garet, daughter of Michael Furlong of Hore- 
town. Beoomint; a convi^rt to pn]t4>!tlantiam 
ho sprt'ed with credit a^inst Spain in the 
Low CouDtrie«. In l&dti he was appointed 
to the command of 150 foot, and wasactiTely 
ungagnd during tlie rebellion of Hugh, ««rl 
of Tyrone; and it appears from a Iwtter of 
bia to the Earl of Sbruw»bury that be eren 
■<nd<«ri>iiTvd to procure Ibe asMMinaLion or 
b&nrHhment of Tyrone, but in tliia ha wu 
onsuccetsfid. His wrviccs were, however, 
rewarded with the honour of kni^^hthood. 
X>uring one of his espi'ditions into Cou- 
naiiffht hd fvLl in lore with iha sister of 
MurroughO'Flaherty.whom hn luarriod ; but 
thi! lady was as rf markable for her oi1b(»> 
duxy aa for her personal L-hann!, and faaring' 
lest her inCaot aon might b« brought op a 

b3 



Hsmonl 

pmt (tot lint, *)]« fled with liim to hi^r fainily in 
ConiuiUjfht. Efl'manJe thweupon rcpudiiLtcd 
her snd marritKl KticHlii-tk, dnuglilvr of tite 
Hon. WJtPT Ttmler, fonrili son of Jampjt, 
oiatli t>flrl of Ormonde (BrKxe, £rtiV/ /Wr- 
flyf ; Ktlkriifiif Arfhtf^iofficai JouFMat, 1 ftr»6-7; 
Can-H' tVi/.iv.&y,.'(97 : 1U-»sull and I'klsdeu- 
QktiTflrUh f'fl^ iii. 379j. In Dwciubcr lt3l)K 
1h' Biiccrudcd Sir JnMaf Bodloy lu govi-mor 
uf lh« importniil Tort of UuncnniioD, a post 
which hc^ c«nlinuL-d to hold till his doalli in 
IttlO. In 1011, llw lord d-.-puly (.'tiicliwU'rhav- 
ing iimjeclwi » plaiiUlion iu W^'iford, he and 
Sir kdward Fisher woru uppointvd lo sun.t'y 
the coofiscftN-dtcrTilrtni-, anil forhi*iw^r\ic«--shrt 
wo^ rewarded wiibagrant of fiftwiihundriKl 
acres. In 1018 it wiw dinrovon-d that grml 
ftiuidd had l>c«n ^artiHcd, and in consequence 
ft noniber of nstires were mlorvd to the 
lands from which ihc-v had br>-n 'wrongfullj 
otuUvl. In 1<3I9, having purchased a (fmnt 
nf certain Undj iu Wicklow from SirPafriclt 
MfliilL', ht' bi-ciiiue iuvolvrti in a. tmiisaction 
known as the cas* of nicUni MucPheagh 
O'Bvmp, which, h<™-ever w« rogard it, cwr- 
taiiilj' rclU^'tvd tlip utino't di>ii-ri.'<lil on kiui. 
He was pliarged with packing jurica and loi^ 
tuiing witueesee in order to wn<st tliu land 
out of thti poMOMion of the 0'Bvm*>fl (Irifh 
Col. u. 41, lii. &31, iv. 45i, v. \''2i ; Cauib, 
Oniumdt, i. '^-3B; Oll.RrnT. Jli^fory of fhr 
Confedtration, \. 167 iM7 ; lltcssos, Irish 
Mattacrt*, i. ^-l-f*, 3W-4ti, li. 2«a-75; OaB- 
M^icit, HistQiy')/ Jvi;/lani,clitip. Uxv.) Own- 
infr liiTtTu [inijwrty in Weifonl, Wat«»rford, 
Eilkennyi and Tipiicnin-, hu was crwiU'd 
Lord I-^iMomlt?, It-irJuorVimi-rick, oo. Wex- 
ford, rtn 2« May MMi. In 1«39 he was eum- 
tnonml bL'fgrv thv Star^hunlK-r for bavint; 
ciniipiotl with Iionl Mnuntncirriii and Sir 
Picra Croeby to Ulwl the lord deputy Went- 
wortb in the matttr of onn Rol«?rt Ij-mondf, 
whose dc-Atli thi>y laid to his rhar)^^ {Tritk 
Csl.'\\.l\', ItrnHWoKTH, iii. SSK-IWl'; State 
Jte/wra.Uom. ccwsx.Sfi). Aftpr the outbreak 
of tho trmt rehollion h« seems to have triwl 
to maintain a nf^utml |>o«ition between the 
kiof; Eind ibu pirltaiuenti but tb« tiixpicioiij 
pf I'be onufiHWratea having; h^n aroiiaed hy 
the fact ihsL many of his oIHcits and eoldicrs 
were roiindbwadR and had hroki>n tlu^ ('<>9UUf 
lion, they advisud Ormonde * to bare a caro 
of the fort of Duncannon.* But tbnt nohlt»- 
man brinf; unable or nnwillinft to inti^rferf^, 
and tbe defection of Lord Inchiqitin coming; 
an a waminff, Gftnoral IV-wton laiJ ^ii-rv to 
DuucanDOD in January 104<j. Tht* y\we wr» 
Vxlrrmely decayed with afro;' but thoiiph 
■ l.he governor was old and unable to act any- 
thiu)^ in thin exiptnce,' ' the dofendanta be- 
hAT«Itheina«dveaoxoG«iiiigTreU.' Tfaa death 



Espe^ 



of Cajttain Ijormn, howarer, so diacuun^pil 
them that thiinr beat a parlor, and without 
L-'>R«>iUint{ F.»mond"i> fturTCfidorwl the fort 
on St, I'alrick'fl dav. Nest day a relief 
forcv ffoai tbi* parliann.'nt appeared in tbv 
rivpr, but fin<linj;f the pW"" in the enenuoa* 
hands ioiiaodialely sailed away. Eemond?, 
Rurvivinp the tiurrender of Lhincannon twt^ 
iuunih#.diud at Adaautown.and wok Iwrird 
al Limerick in a church he hud himttnlf built- 
ITe is said to hare been a man of ' sanf|;uin« 
complexion, of au indilK-p.'Tit (all Htatuir. 
compact, sobd, corpulent li.3dy, with robua- 
tioud limbs.' Not uaviniB: \w\ix by bis second 
wife, be beiiueathtfd hi.'* immenu- pm]ii-rty to 
Thomas Eaaoitde, the mm of his first wife. 

(Carte's Orniood*, i. 5U, 538. I>>tters ccUii. 
ccLriii. ccUxtiii. reclxxvii. i Journnla of th* 
UoiHv of Lords. T. 'Hh : Ikstdrmta t'liriosa Ili- 
bofnica, ii, ii. 37S; djatsmporary lliirtory of j 
Aflkir* iu IrtUnJ, c-l. Gilbvrt, i. IS. 102-4:^ 
RJDWvini M.S. ii.6S0-K: Aeefiuot of the Barony 
of Torth, cd. H. F. Burn, Kilki-niiT ArcrliMMlopcal 
Juunial. 1S92; InVli MS., Ctirtbaiu I.ibmry. i 
-tBI j rromwdl's Letters, U Oct. >&4I>] 

ESPEC, W\T.TKK(d. Ilfi3), fonndor of 
Kievaulx Abbey, Yorkshire, was probablv 
(ho «on of William Sjiccb, who in KlH.'i hfla 
Wafdim, B'-«lf"rd>l(in,',whert> some fifty ypar« 
later Waller K*pic foumtod and cndowi^ Ott 
ahbi'y ipnmrsdatt I{w,k,'u2\\ h.'2\^ n; Duo- 
DAI.E, V. 280>. ftnpe*;'* chief property was in 
Yorkshire, andlierfaidcdnt IIelin<ley. Under 
lli-nry I tut -n-ns )ii8tx(V of lh« forMtii anJ 
itinerant juatiAs in the northern eounijea. 
LuderStijplieii !iitnflivi:ilvri'i'iiil''il tbt-Hoolcb 
invasion. On lO.Tan.lKtS FitElluncun failed 
in a nifflit attack on Kfipec's rastlo of Wark. 
Thi-nKinnPavid and hi» "in Htnir^camir up 
and formw! a ri*ptilar si<'ee for tbren wcpIw, 
after which the mum body pafised on (o harry 
North umbt^rland. Thn-tj months lai.tr (e, 
a .Msy) Ihu garrison «woopM down upon tii» 
Scotch kin^scommtiuarLat, and had to submit 
til ■ swunu siei^v. The rai'tli'wasT'touily ile- 
fended by WalLKr'n nopbew, John de> BuftfCj, 
hut had to surrender about 1 1 Nor. T 
month* pn.>vio«"ly t'2'2 Aug-) Knp^-c was one 
of tlie lea<]iere of thn buttle of the f^landard. 
According to Ailri.-d of Hi<'v.iHlx, K*i»!r wa« 
al ihe lime rciftftrdt'd by the other horona of 
the north ai their 'dus et pnt*^' (/'i- Helta 
Stand, np. Twyidrs. pp. 34'J-7). lift was 
alruady an aned man ( i'6. ii. S37>, and thero 
is no reason for douUinf; th« traditioFi whirb 
makefi him withdraw in I lo'i into t)ic abbey 
of Kirkhnm. which hn had founded in 1121, 
and where be is said to havti di<^ 7 Marcb 
lir>3 (Chttvu MS. Vit«ll. V. 4, quolvd ta 
Ddoiuxb). 



I 



tne^f 



Essex 



Essex 



Ailred, abbot of Rievaulx [see EiHELaED, 
1109 P-1166J, describee bis patron as a man of 
immenae height and build, with black hair, 
AiU beard, broad features, and trumpet voice. 
Having no 8ur\'iving children by his wife 
Adelina, he founded the Cistercian abbeys of 
Rievaulx, Yorkshire, and Warden, Bedford- 
shire, the former in 1131, and the latter in 
1135, besides the priory for Augustinian ca- 
nona at Kirkham, Yorkahire. According to 
tradition, Espec's son and namesake fell from 
his horse ana broke hia neck about 1121 while 
etill a young man. This led his father to 
found the abbey of Kirkham, over which he 
set his uncle, >Villiam Garton, as first prior 
(11S2). The foundation charter mentions 
the name of William Rufus, from which it 
would appear that Egpec at one time had been 
on friendly relations with bis king. Arch- 
bishop Thurstan of York aided in his pious 
^rorkd, and the concession of the lands was 
«anctioned by Espec's heiresses, bis three 
sisters, llawisa Bussey, Albreda Traylye, 
Adelina Rocs, together with their husmnds 
and children. 

It was from Espcc that Lady Constance 
FitxGilbert, or her husband Ralph, borrowed 
the copy of Geoffrey of Monmouth which 
4ieoffrev (iaimar used for his ' Estoire des 
EnglesJ* Espec procured it from Earl Robert 
of Gloucester (GEOPraEl G&imar, np. Afo- 
numfnta Jlisforicn lirifannica, p. 829 a). 

[Pogdale's Monast icon. ed. 1817, v. 280 i-t ai^., 
vi. 207 ft spq., 36St : Richard of lleiham ; Chro- 
nicle of HelroK^. Henry of Huntinplun, eah Hnn. 
1132, llSSi 1''osh's Jmlgt's; and uulhoritics cited 
above.] T. A. A. 

ESSEX, E.\Ri.,s OF. [f^f'Roiirx, IhM- 
PIIKF.Y »E, V, VII, and VllI ; ItoiRCiiiER, 
IIeskt. ti. 14>*3; Bol-bciiier, IIesry, il. 
1539;(C.\PET., Artiiir, 1(131-1(W3JGapel, 

"WlLLI.tM, 16itr-174;S; CltOMWELLjTlIOHAS, 

14>*6'r-1540,BtJite»nian; Devereux, Robert, 
15C7-lfi01 , Queeu Kliiabeth's favourite ; 1 )e- 
TEEEUX, Robert, 1691 -1646, parliamentary 
fP'neral ; Devebeux, Walter, 1541 P-1576; 
MaN'DEVILLE, (iEOFKKEI DE, d. 1144.] 

ESSEX, CouxTEm op (1792-1882). [See 
STEniJiSf, Katiierinb.] 

ESSEX, JAMES (1722-1784), builder 
and architect, of Cambridge, was the son of a 
builder, or, as he is usually termed, a ' joyner,' 
of the same name. The father, a man of 
distinction in bis trade, executed, among 
other works, the sash-windows and wainscot 
in the senate-house (1724-5), under the di- 
rection of the architect (Jibbs; fitted np the 
Regent House, now the catalogue-room of the 
library, for Bishop Sloore's books (1731—1), 
and transformed the hall of Queens' College 



(1732-4). In the course of his work at the 
library the elder Essex not only constructed 
but designed the bookcases, which are re- 
markably fine specimens of woodwork. He 
died in February 1749. 

James Essex the younger was bom id 
Cambridge in August 1722. He was 'put to 
schole for grammatical learning,' as his friend, 
the Rev. W. Cole, records, ' under Mr. Heath, 
fellow of King's College, master of the Col- 
lege Schole ; ' and it has been conjectured 
with probability that the constant sight of 
the noble chai>el of that college may have 
given him the strong taste for Gothic archi~ 
tecture which animated him during his whole 
life. On leaving school ' he studied regular 
architecture, with great attention, under Sir 
James Burrough' (1691-17fti) [q. v.], who 
emploved him to draw certain plans and 
elevations. 

On his father's death Essex at once took up 
his busine8s,and in September 1749 built the 
wooden bridge at Queens' College. From that 
time until the close of his life he was actively 
engagedtpartlyasan original architect, partly 
on behalf of others. In 1751 he fitted up the 
' dome room' at the librarj- for manuscripts; 
in 175-1 he rebuilt the Great Bridge; in 1757 
he desired and built the Ramsden building 
at St. Catharine's College; in 1758 he re- 
paired and altered Nevile's Court at Trinity 
College; in 17t)0 he designed and built the 
new west range at Queens' College, and built 
the doctors' gallery in Great St. Mary's 
Church (Burrough, architect) ; in 1704 he re- 
paired and altered the hall at Emmanuel 
I College; in 1760 he designed and built the 
I Btone bridge at Trinity College ; in 1708 be 
completed the west end of the senate-house, 
left unfinished by ( Jibba ; in 1769 he ashlared 
I the quadrangle of Christ's College, and com- 
i pleted the chapel at Clare College after tbe 
death of Burrough; in 1775 he rebuilt tbe 
I combination-room of Trinity College, and de- 
I signed and built the west front of Emmanuel 
• ColU'pe; in 1776 lie designed and set up the 
I altarpiece at King's College, with the wain- 
I scot round the sacrariuui, and altered the 
1 south side of the first court of St. John's 
I College; between 1778and 1782 he made the 
' bookcases for the library, and designed and 
I built the cbnpel at Sidney Sussex College ; 
! and ill 1784 he designed and built the Guild- 
hall. 

In the transformation of older structures 
which Essex was instructed to carr>' out, as 
well as in his original works (except the 
altarpiece at King's College), he adopted tlio 
debased Italian style of the day, which he bad 
I learnt from Burrough ; but, in reality, he waa 
' an enthusiastic admirer of the then despised 



Essex 



Essex 



Oothic^t jle, aud has \feea cbaracierised witli 
1rutlik«'lbctirfit)irofes*ionkl Architect wIiom* 
vrorlw (lU]>1uv<>d n. corivct tMto in iroiintiunif 
«f tuicienl. kngliiji orcliittflure; ' tJiou|il> 
Piuciu oril iciiioH tbom us ' detimiiC in boldn'^st^ 
nail kpirit or dmij^ii, uiid lite dctAils luv uftm 
mmgre.' 

I^doa vxecHtinK the RforeMtd worku in 
Oinihndi^, f-st^x van conKidtM by iW aMii 
and cbnptei* nf Klv in 17ri7. In the coure^' 
of th* following hve years he restored (he 
east front to tho )>iTpMidini)nr, fttid rmtniml 
the HKif of tlw iMist<-ni linib of tho cnun-h, 
totrellKir with tlif woodworlt of tlw lantdra, 
which loiitf iifclwt Iti'i brvUKhc ij«o « dnn- 
pcroiu conditiDn. Finally, h>! romorcd thfi 
cbbirfruin itsurt)riual»»«ition tu lh(?i-ut (Hid 
of the presbytt-ry. Tlii* lallor work, the 
wisdom uf which luur bviiuutiani'^, vra.s not 
Crtmi>!i'l«l until 17711. Tin- n'^mirx t;]trM.'i:tiNl 
bfllwt-en 1757 and 17(12 were carrinl out in a 
puwlv onwrKiilivc i«piril,vv>?rr fntptncnt of 
the filA tinilH-r U'lnj;, when" jvo^^ihli', piw- 
served ; but, in sironse contnuiiction to this 
fwlinij fi)r old worI<. K*wx n-commt-ndcd tho 
destruction «f thv iK-nuiilul Wf*l porch. l» 
' ncilUpr uniauicntal nor uw-ful.' In 17tfl 1il> 
acL*<!)iivd u eimilur ct>niini-«ii>n at Lincoln 
CathHclral. whtrrft «ulii>lnnlinl rejiair* wirre 
much net-ded, Tl^sidea thew ho con«trucTod 
au nrvh of oxn-llrnt dmiiin uudrr tlin wt-^l 
tower, ivpflv.'d the entire church, repairr-d 
thr chfiir irni-ti. imd d>»ignril wi altaniicci' 
and biidiop'fl iliroin'. TIk.-so works will re- 
main. Uure, abo, Krsox tri^d lo jtel the 
choir ntmovod to ihi- sttmcpo»!lii^nn-iAt Kly, 
bill hnppily wil4ioiiV succe^vs. in 1775 he 
df«i^pd (ind riiit up th'.- four i«pircs and 
hnliK'niciit which ctill er()wn tlio cvntml 
tower, ' an udiuirahle finish to a nniKniflcoiit 
deaign.' For th'n and his other works the 
tlvui and cbapi'.--r ]>rr(H-nit-d to him, in JTHJ, 
A DilviT salrn-. bdarin^ a amtftble iutwriptioD. 
Ee^ex alKO rvslorvd tin- towL-r of \Viiirh>-»ivr 
(;oUt;ro(Miap(-l, ■ItmiLMfcdiiigli'vniill.riini. 
brid^T, built the stwplo of the jiariKti chun-b 
al. Iifl>tli-n, Kw's, and ihe cmmt 1o cfinuni"- 
nornt*- l^iieun Calherini' of Arrapon precti-d 
at Amplhill, lt*<)f"nl»'hir>?, in 177.*) l>v the 
Eivrl of Oftsory. In buihltne' ihidcroi* t^i'x 
followed a rough ftketcii by llorace-Waliiole. 
lie a tiro credited, but erroneously, with a 
turvay vfCunt'Tbun,- Cothc-dral. 

Ks«>'3 mftrrini KItfabrth, dau){liter to Mr. ' 
Thurlbijiinii'. book^.dl'-r, of Cumbridifo< by ' 
whoni b« hwl I w'r> child n-i) — Jsini^, irhn died 
aa infant in 1757, and Millir<-nt. who tnar- 
riitd, lU Mnv 17K.'>, till- lli'v. Jolin T[iiiiimond 
[q, v.\ Aoro^time fellow of (Jueens* ColIe(r<>. 
one died in Januan,- 17H7. Ks^ex died nt 
Cunbridfff, of a {nrahiic alrokc, 14 Sa^t. 



17$4, in (hu mty-thini yMrufhiB u^. H« 
wa^ buried in SL llorolnh'a chnirhyanl, 
('nnibritlf^', on the south Bidu of the chnrdi, 
wtu-re a liiiiib cotntniinKinitrii htm, bin fatltnr, 
mother, wife, and children. Jla and bis 
childrrn arv further commvmprated by » 
lalilet iu t1»^ north nii<le. 

£»wx Wtt8 n man of unbleini»bed repala- 
tion find vArifd ac^minplijibmcnta. 7T>< wa* 
ibn int iinntf- friend <if Tvfron, Kfrrich,yoo]ih, 
It-miham, Cole (whose houw at Milton, near 
Camhrid^, be built, and who made bim bis 
vxK-ul.ori. Jlf^rovt! Walpule, lliirrouuh, anj 
oilier wrll-known ant iquaric*. llewns'-lecipj 
fellow of lb>- SuciHy of Auti[|uanL'» '2ii Jan. 
1771.'. tbniugh the iiiAtniinftiCalily of liouaht 
and contributed BcvHral jMneni tolhe'Ar- 
ctuolof^in.' Tii<-Ki-, if con^iilerfd with r^fvT^ 
enco lo the limu at which tliey wtsrc writleit^ 
tnunt be nllowed lo poBAe^ conaiderablo 
meril, and »linw that Emvx wo.* the ('arlteat 
arcbitecliiral historian, iu the moileni *enw 
of the word. As early as I761S ha iMued 
propoftttU for fHirruvin^ vienv, plaitv, and 
sections of Kiiu;'ii L'-oIIep^ L'bapel; in other 
wunlfl, he int'.-nd'.'d to publiFli a n';nilar nivhi- 
tucLural bwtorv of tin; biiildiun. The w-hemc 
of this work, with sevoraJ of the plattvibi'auli- 
fully ilrnwti \iv hi» own hand, i* aiunni; tli4 
RtanUHcripT8 which after hU deai hpoxfled into 
the band" of hie friend, the Iter, T, Krrrioll, 
fflllnw of MagilAlfne rolb-u,'', nnd wfrns by bim 
bequeathed to the Itritish MiHeura. Tbo 
MlHU^ collection contain* the manuMri])! and 
many of the ill n»traii unit f«r a hii>t(>ry of 
Ciothic, or rtither of e(^clrsiu<ilicul, an'lut(-C>- 
lure, on which hv was t-nija^jed for many 
years, and wbirb bin rHmiU trii-d ■» ruin to 
pf-rsuado bim to complete and publish. 

In 174S, wbvn Ebs^ woe a yountj man of 
twenty-*ix, be bn-aniM invoUt-il in ii oontrr»- 
verey with the I(«v. U. MaRtere, fellow and 
btiitoriiio of (VirpiiB (.!lini>li f'ollep-, reiipwrt- 
ing the autbonhipof a pbinforaddinfranew 
cinirt to the c^dlejfe. In Deix'mWr 1747 
.Mo.'iters bail ('mployod Twaox to mefcsurw ibo 
ground available for building, and to draw a 
plan, which he soon afVorwards cAUKcd to bo 
enjniv'Kl nntl circulated n^ hie ovra. I'piw 
this Ks<t-x piibliHhi-d jiroposals for engraviinf 
and priming; by subscription bi>> own di-sign, 
and ikhortly aYteryiiinf* (20 I-Vb. K^'t-OJ 
wrolu a pamphlet, in whirh he criliciMtu 
Ala^ti-n'* dejii({ii, and bi« who[i< c'>iiduct lo- 
ward* himself, with unBpnrir. ' -.v, riiy. On 
tlif wbnte. thi'clinrseof fl proved, 

and trivial a.* thi' wbol' r^y novr 

apjteare. we cnnnot but admire ibo coiirn^ 
and fttrai^litforuardntrss with which Emoi 
asiertiHl bis o»-n claims ajfoiast a powarfUl 
opjKincnt, 




Essex 

Tin? works wliicb EvtiX BclmowlwIpHl bm 
lif fnlliitiiniT: 1, ' PropnaitLe for Knfrnivln^- 
I'l«n rjf nn inl'-iHlrd AiMifMiii 
: i CnllpgPiCnnihTidgiViOSopt. 
-■ A.ii.'rliwtni'nl WpinDinfi ' WiierwM; 
IftfittTs/-! Opt. 17-lS. 3. 'Mr. .Uiupji 
|[*«I^>tt«to hU SnbactiWro loihePUa,' 
« I'.-b. l74J*-;t. 4. ' IVopoMU fnr Kii- 
^^iewg, V\ut\», finil tSi-cUDii« uf King'ii 
■pel; 1 fVt. 1750 (Oovoii, Jirit. 
Viy 6. ' lyttcr lo Ih-. T)uc«r«l, 
Iniiitf obii>fn-ati<>nF ud Ciuilvibiirv Uu- 
»I,* I tVl>. I7()H (Nini/>i.i, lii/tL Tw. 
frit i. 470). 0. ' Plan of tbp origiual Cn- 
Iral f'tiurcb of IHy, willi nn aciXHint of 
oiml Alternttoas and Additions ' I^Bhkt- 
_l^y, IHI2, ii.ldcndn, pp. 1-8). 7. 'Ao 
IBI nf tbe')1dCflnvi,-nttinlC)iiir(.'li at Klv' 
fib. pp. 9, lOj, 8. ' Itt-marke on tin- Anli- 
litv iind IL- diffcrrnl >[o«1m of lirick nnd 
)t<>ih< lluildinii.'^ in Kn^lnivl' {Ar'/fn^l-'^tn, 
r. Jli). y. 'Ohacrriitiona nn Lincoln L'aih*?- 
['(t'A. iv. 1 JJi>. 10, ■ Olwniiliuufl on tlie 
tuul Aiilii(iiltvof K"iiiid(.']inrclu-*,ftii(l 
_ I liounil riiiircii It CmnhridjTD in mrti- 
h'((7i.\i. Hi;!}, 1 1, 'OWTvntii.mdonCroj'- 
inil Alilu'vanil Hriilpi=''iXu-itoM, liihl. Tap. 
' ,Xu. xxii.) VJ. 'lleHTiptionimdrianor 
iici<<nr. Timl>-r llriri^'P nt Itocln-stcr' 
/fiffri, vii. ay3>, \'i, ' lVi>$«ripiiouiaiii 
<'f Pi-nny Alilxry, CarnlM.' (Ltwixs, 
in'ihf'/iin; pp, 272 4'l. I^wdi-s tho*«, 
■•f Ihe old (;liiii>«l of Hidtuiy 
_ . tind liis'Jonmal of a Tnur 
rt. iif l-'JaiidciN and Knun.-*" in An- 
fiave hcon prinlM ^ inre his denth 
Cliiti-ctiirnI 7li«lorv of tboUuivM^ 
nllogp* of f 'nmt'riifgp,' hv llw- lUw. 
i» and J. W. rinrk. uid tne Cainhr, 
knti«i, Soc. (Jcli»\'i I'lilil. Xo. xxiv. resjwc- 
■ My. 

Tmr niiiB» of E««ex is hIso connected wiUi 
\i4 do*pn4: 1. A Wrdwye view 
' draiigiif of RinirV Collvp-, {.'am- 
" GtpUin ft Mlicnw for Uyinp ont 
rt anil f:nrdru$, on the fuiiiKt-ition 
tthfw building* dcnigui-d liy liibli* 
letijd. It ie U>lleri-d: •Thihcast 
Kini{'i> ('■"illi-jn" in ).'nml>ridp", na 
|n 1m- liniRliM, in Imniblr itiwnVd 
•liipful An'in,-w Snape, It.ll,, I'ro- 
liT . . . J«ni. Ee»»!X. jun', Jaid' 
», Amh Jboi* Emcx jnn' Hr-lin.. 1741. 
f^nilp.* 'J. A vi.'w of Ilur- 
fiir a ni*w coarl nl Trinity 
eil: 'AulirSaiti:Ui>TriiiitiitUCBn> 
cidetil-. TTi'? Wert Front of Tri- 
im in ' Jac, niirronph 

.174.^Jn( ! ■-.Hiri,.avit.'\V.ll. 

Si-ulp.' .1. ' I iitid Elevation 

•f an in trn JM Addii 1 1» CLrif l i Cul- 



EsseX 

legt'iuCBMihrtd^t^. Dtnifpied bvJ»ini» F»ex, 
jiiniur. Jac' Eiul'.i, juii' Dbliiiearil, I74& 
W. H.TonwSciilp.' 4. 'A Design forUiBPub- 
lirk Libmry ot dimbriJ^B, inadB by the Ute 
8' Jamvs niirronph in I U<n Yw.r 17fi2.' 0. ' Ele- 
vfttion of tlipNi-w Front d«iini*d for Fjnnniiel 
CoUepe, Cambridge. Juc. Le»«x defiig' ut del. 
P. S.l,Bniborn wulp,' 6. 'The \Ve.<i I'ro- 
iH)i'<-'t of C(irtiii!i Chridti College, Cambridge. 
Jac' Fssex dfsis' et del' 1773. Major stulp'.' 

[Lire of E»>«x ill lutioduotkiu to btu Jotinial 
of u Tour thn)U);ti pnri of FUndtn and Pnuteo 
ID August 1773 (C^nilir. Antiq. Soc. Octavo 
Publ. No. x«iv,); K. Willi, and J. W. Vlatk'n 
Arcliitcciunil Uiftoty of thv Unirvrdty aad 
Collijge* irf Cambndgo. iii. olO-fi : Cooper's An- 
nals of (';itnhriil^«, ix. 413, Adili'.. AL^B. Itrit. 
MuF. «7fll-7>. OTIS: .M*<. C">. AOJit. MlJS. 
i8«. ASI.^. S8«8; SicliolVit Lit. Ani'cJ. i. 687. 
Ti. 0'J£, nii. &7S, GUT ; Nirlioba llluatr.ri. 2Bt- 
310; AreLiiMlDBii, xH. 3<><Ii Qou)tVa CaimUn. 
111. 1769. i. 329; K. J. WillMb'H Remnrlu on 
Modern Gtithic AwIiil«lorr. pr»flx«l to Pugin's 
^'pFcimeu*. ])p. xri, ivii ; IkntlMra's Ely, ed. 
1H12, p. 2S4 ; ReT. D J.Slowart's Arehitoctaml 
IIi»t. of K!y Cflthedriil. pp. 7^. I2&-7; Ilcr. E. 
VcnablM*^ ArehiUctuml Uitt. of Lincoln Catlie- 
disl. ArcbiMt. Joara. x1. 16EI-B2, 877 418.1 

J. W. C-K. 

E3SKX, XniOTIIV (]7ft1?-llM7), com- 
i-jwT. biTn ill or about 1765 nt Coventry, 
Warwicki-hirc waslhefton of Tiniotliy Es««x 
of ibat town. Hp romnurnci-d pUyiug uii tbe 
flulo snd violin at tliirti^n yrars of age for 
his own nmiiHement, 1ml the rapid prognsa 
which be miule inducMl liis fjiltivr tolvt biin 
otMdy music AS a prnfeflsion. In t7A6bceattt- 
blislied liimeelf &s a teacher of tbe pi«nofort<«, 
ori^aii, and fluto. Tu ordrr to lM>tt(-r his po«- 
tioti he niatrii:iilnli>d nt 0-^ford an a member 
gf Magdnlen Hall W Dec. IHOO, and took tha 
degree of batbcbir of miixic on the followLog 
17 Dec. He prucerdi-d doctor of music 
•2 Dpc, 18!a (FofO-KR. Alumni 0.k.«. ; Oifard 
Gmduatts, ItMii.p. 216). K^^vx. was an able 
tcat-hiT, and olitain^d some popularity aa a 
composer. His ' Atudcal Acsdl-iny ' wa« at 
88 Ilill SlriTl.Bprktdcy Souarf; ho wa.« also 
or^ni«t,rorop(iferto,and director of the choir 
of St. Ocorce's Chan>'l, Albr'inarb- fitmrt. 
Amon^ bi.« Mtx worlt* arv ; 1 . ' F.igbi Kne- 
li-l, fjiii/iinetts for a SihkIp Voioe^ ( IMOO). 
l Militan- Sonatn for the Piano- 
t< ruinc^'')niptinimenf ad libitum f<*r a 

violin vltOO). :i, 'Six Uueta for Flutes or 
VioUnA"(l^> '')■ -i- ' I^'Kbt Lcjiflonfi and 
Foiir fvinatinaJt on n Peculiar ilnn, inttnided 
to p:ttAbli.«h a proper m-Tthod of finf^rin}* oa 
the pianoforte' (1802). &. ' Six C«inion^«, 
tbf word;* from tlie jioeraa of the Ute Mra. 
KobitiAoii ' (1801). 6. ' Introduction uid 
FuguolbrtbeOrgin'(I8l2). 7. 'Harmonift 



Essex 



8 



Estcourt 



&wn, twin^ a colWiinn of »acreJ melodies 
foplhc ISOTwilinHo!' Dnvnl" ( 1830?). He 
•1»0 publ tailed a k-i of iilow K&d quick tD&rclics 
for lnt> pianoforte, with \hv full MroreH siIiIimI 
fir a tiiilitarv Imiid, h varivTy nf nndf» for 
fbeitiauofortt, Htiii {liatioforl^ and flult?, and 
in&iy fiiDglft iHin^^. yio <Ii<.il i7 Sept. 1^7, 
iiffMR2, in York ItuiMinpi, N'ltw iC(iiiii,Loi»> 
■don (Cm(. May. new stir, xxviii. -Vil ). 

[Qeor^wi Em, \v. (r3S^: Muiie Cat.. Rrit. 
3IUB., wbcie he uoapcouulaliljr A|i()«Mni kn * TkcK 
'Ru' {£«ex; Jamoi D, Itron'a Kiok. Bici. of 
UuMFisas, p. 2i6.1 Or. 0. 

ESSEX, WILLIAM ( 17&I ?- 1869), 
imoiui'l-pitiiitAr, ww for mimf vonre the rliiof, 
and, Hfti^r tlie death of U. 1'. limn-, ihi- etdc, 
csponont of tiic an. of paintitiff in enatnt<l, 
which liad b.-cn brou^lil to suSi jJi-Hi'L-tiun 
In- Hi^nry Itene, It. A. [n. v.J ana ('harl.-H 
Nmsfu.'v.] Emi'x ttiid'liis bmlbt-r Alfred 
worked for and noili^r Muki, nml IxIkhhviI 
conjointly to eliow to the imhlic that ■n-nrka 
could be e\<iriit«il in <iiMitn«<I poMi>»in^ the 
Iransparenry, rrispni'!*". and ti-xtiiro of (rtln-r 
mvlliodx of puiutin^. lie uccorditigly |inir]i<^d 
nnmemuii ininialuro tvpnuJuctioiiH <if pit- 
titrcB by Ccrreggio, Oiiido. Wilkic. .\l>nklium 
Cooprr, 8ir Joshua Iteynolda, and otbHtu, 
(U«p1aviiig ihu wide cauacicy uf iho art. A 
pnTat« i^xhibiliim of tii<uMt whm hiJd in tVi 
wriiie of ]i*:{0. Essex firit BxUihitcd at ihti 
Royal Amdfiuy tit lf*lft, wminiK a 'Ti*n-i«r'H 
H«>d,* aftiir .\fcnhftni Cooper, lie continiitul 
to exhibit. roiii>-4 of w.dl-known pictiia>« and 
-portraits, end al.io portr&it» from ilio lifo, up 
■lo 16^14, and his works were always Ten.' muclt 
-odmiiv-ii, lift nl>ui contributed lo the i>.\liibi- 
tions at the British Iri^^litution.Siiflulkritreot 
"OalJery, l.iterpcwl Socii-ty of J''iiiu Art», &c. 
IIo was npjiointi-d enamel-poinicr to PrincMU 
Auirusta, in IH-'tll to ibi- quwii, ttiid iiul]»e- 
oiiently lo the prino^ couMirt. He died al 
Briiibtyii 2« l\v. 1*00. aped 85. His son, 
■\V||.LUM Jt. K-MEX (I8i'L>-lRri2>, followed 
bin fuiiierB pniftttaion a.4 nn nrtifit. but was 
pWA'eiitiii br bin •■nrlv denlli from ohtoininn 
any repmation. H« cvhihiii'd at the Royal 
Academv from I8-1.'> to IHoI. Alkhed ICwkx 
■«iecut«il iilntea for Mum, notably the larije 
p1nt« for trie IloW Knmily, iiftw Paruiipauu, 
vow in the royni colWiion. lie pn-paivd 
the platM and tlte coluiirt! for lij» tir'><l>or*e 
paintin;pi. There i» in tbi- Mintmim of l*rai> 
Ucal OeoioffY, Jermyn Strept, a seri« of 
exaiapl'Ui hbon-in^i tW coloun prepnred by 
luja wbirb had the r|uality of remuinioj; lbs 
MLtneaArrvilrificati'Jli. IlepublibLed iojiin'.' 
IS^ a rnliiablf papt-ron the ah nf pitintiiig 
in Fnntnel ('I»udon audEdJnhnr^bl'hiloDi)- 
jibica) Mu^rnxine/ •tnl h-v. x. 442). Hu slao 



publiah»d0on]i)drawiiig-«Ut«a,nnJtti(ietBt 
that ha aiib>ec|ueuil>- tm^nted. 

[ItMlgmre's Dirt, of Anists ; Gtstm's DicL ■ 
AMi*tH. 1760-lUSO; Art Journal. 18*0. p. &3'> 
Uryan's DioC of Paiaiera and lint;- . ■ 1, 
R. K. Grarofi ; Cataloga* of BnexV i 
1 839 ; CuUlofruM of Koyal Aradomy. ^- 
and QKnnea, 4U| a«r. i. 434 ; informaliMi fn 
F. W. Hudlar. curator of the Utueum u{ rmctJc 
Omk^.] L. 0. 

Ear, EAST, or EASTE, MICH 
{Jl. lO.'iS). [Scfl East.] 

ESTCOintT, ElKJAU EDMl'XL*. M.A 

(18l'l^lK.s4),eniinnorSt. rhwr»(I{nninni 
tholic) Cathedra!, Bimiinj;liam, bom 7 Fell 
1H16, waa eldest !>on of the IC»v. Kdmnn^ 
William li^tcoiirt of Newntnwii, Wilr-tbiT 
one <A' t ho l^nlwurliiof Lntcourt in Gloucwt 
Khirp. Hewa.id&itinedfnrtbechurch: enter 
Exeler ColU^to. Oxfor-J. -JO K-b. Ib^U ; pr 
cwdwi M.A. 1S.-J8 and 3I.A. 1840; and cam^ 
under tht' itifluencu of the Travtiiriiui ntuv< 
tnenC. In 1k4A, when J. H. Newmau w«ii|{ 
<-iv«r lo the chiirrh of Konii", Estcnun.then 
clerirjinao at Cirencwtvr, I'oilowed him, and 
wa* *' received' at Prior iSirk in Dwiomber oj 
ikoi yvar. About three year§ after he wn 
ordained catholic priest by Dr. t'llathomi: 
vicar-apoi^tolic uf tuc wvMeni diatrici, audul 
the ritatoralioii of the biwrarchy in I80O hewai 
appointed ipamomiu at the ditwesu. Thoui;l 
onw of thi* kindvat of men, lui bad g^^at (ir 
iieM of charafjter. He wns a great lorer 1 
books, and for many rennt lin wni a 
ii.iefiil member of the cotnmittMt of tbo 
don Library. Suft'ering frum a painful in* 
teraal disorder, he pawed the la.si few year 
of btslifeinreiireineni at lA>«uiiD^ou, wbcr 
he died on ll! .\pril IH^I. lie was biirii^ at 
Kenilworth. Bi«aoprilathome,innnaddn}i 
delivertHi on iImi occa*ion, prOfiounc^d a well 
merited eulojij on EATc:ourrB'aei<idniTy,ac«i; 
nicy, punctuality, skill, and nuiind jud^nueotj 
Hia knowledge of the earlier biatory of th^ 
midland dietrict was renarkablr, aa was . ' 
thtj knowbidift' hii liiul aniuin'd of propertj. 
taw. Hid geaerufliiv and charity wen* uf tli4 
iiiioet wlf-deoyincf cbaracler, and hi» diik| 
tinn petined, modest, and nnobtrufiive. 

His literary abilities appear in the bett 
known of his works, ' The Question of A 
^licaii Drdiiialioua dtfcii«»«d,' 1^78. ThJ| 
contro^-er*ial treatise by an ertidite nieml 
ofthc Uonian cboreb, wilb u vuluiibU- af 
jH-ndin of oriffiniil ducuiuentd and facniniil*' 
amwarmi at a timn when the I'oxed quMlioR 
'if the Viilidity of EoKlish "rdem wns fiDre<9l)| 
di<liAtt>d by ini'iuherii of th<^ Anglican 
I'oman communions, and it attractiHl cnii 
sidorable attention (.1ra«f<iny,!26 April I^^SA) 



Estcoui 



Estcoui 




i 



An anmytnout npiy to the work app>.-Bi«d. 
with tJie titlt- ' ADplicuii Ortlpr*, a fi'w n- 
JQ iW form of B copwwftiion on th« 
nt work bv Canon FMconrt, ' t*vo, Lon- 
., Itt78. Anaruclo, origiaftllypr\!]iar('il)>7 
loourt for tl»B ' Huliliii Hevif w,' wa* ]iiil>- 
HFjmrnrtV 1, undur the litlo. 

nlic Tfw '■ Ilook "f (.\>tninoii 

nil Ihf r-uirj.-i ..1 thf? Holy Eur^lm- 
To, Loml'jn, 1868. Estcoun left un- 
n'li m wiirk of ('onsiiltirnbl'' itiU>r>"'»t, 
m Mi^ninir nf Jane Ih>nDHr, ntjrhpjs of 
the mnterinlf f'lr whirli he slowly 
,ulatf>d cluriitf; n jwriml of iwontv-fiv« 
Tl'Mfir-t imn;c!iJH>t<*n«werecompl<*lt>d, 
iidcFiMdy for nim-mntf. Thp 
)>Iacv^I in till* handrt nf ihi.> 
i*T. Jikc»<|>Ii M^venaon, S, J., nod llio book 

[<; 1. Piot. it. 179; TnM<t. IS84, vp. 

1. I ray. IhM, p. aiHl; Nii-h-'il«'h 

.mtrd ^ 1. 1 . ^'Ji Fualcr'n Alumni Oxou.l 

K. II. 
ESrCOURT, JAMK.S IMCKNAU, 
tifKNALL (lW)-J-18o5>. mnjor-Kemfral. 
d !">n of Tlioiiifui Griin^ton Ructiiinll 
■tcourt, M.P-, and voiiUfiT liniMi<ir "f 
lionina Henry Siilton Solhirnn KsJnmrt 
i. v.] , w«s V<ni on 1 2 July 1 rtlVi. 1 le was 
HTfitPd at Marrow, ami i>nlt>n-il th** nniiy 
■a ensi^ in the l-llh repiuenl on 13 July 
STK IIr" JiH^.- I-'M 'i-wn* tran*fi'rrvd to 
l^rd Mollis liirljt intiiuiry, in 

Ki^^li li« WBA jii I ' tiU-nont on l' itvc. 

'^-l.and aijiluifi on 4 Nov. l^'S. Uv )<;K;nt 
OfM Uii t'urs of IiIh military life in ((>«)'- 
III ami ID (^Annda. In \fiH 
■ ■ |H)hI of jMH:omt in conimnnd 
■1 i', H. (.'fM-sner [q-T-l in tlio (amonfi 
t«!- ViiU'.y FS).«Mlition, niidwu placed 
of lli(- ma^i-tic ■■it]>i'nnivnli>. Hu 
iiiiM-If » lnyiil uf^iitunt to bia rhiftf 
tint fn'nl two y-nrt ofRnliioiiB Inbour 
,Ti*], anil ii wa>i diii'tly owing to Chrs- 
l»OC<'V "f '"" ('frripe^ ihof Ksleoiirt 
wi niHJor on 21 Oct. If.'tti. and 
,t^i'!i>n«l by brx'vci on 29 .March 
In IK.'lT hi} uiam<-il Caroliiiir, ilnuRbtor 
Id I'olt; C'ftri'w.for Diftuy voiirs undur- 
of ulaio for tho hOTnf> (I'-tMirliiifnt. 
nil- Ih4.*J lie wpni. on hnlf-))ay, on 
iiioti'i! (II nil unii!tni-)ii-i! lii'iiti>liaut- 
nKf tmiary IM^b'^pnt^-nidimrlin- 
"', for IVvixe*, lh(> famiU' Niroiijrh, 
It ri*-clrH-ti<in in lM.'ii. K«tr.mrt 
fnra»tnlTa|ipoiutiDenl inihfl'rimt'nn 
ioii.allbuiih'liliv liHil bad no exj>>>ri(!tii:u 

1 WOriJUV. Oil L'l I't'b. ]X■'^^ bo WES 

V « bri|pulifr-<i7i<'n"ral, ami n)i[>;.inteil wil* 

m! to ihf PH]'.'ilIlionnn- fapc«. 

this iiii|MirlAnl [kvI lo Lbu «u[>[>ort 



lV34, 



U 



rvetuol 



fiveQ to hta npplicalioa by bis friend Lord 
to(;lnn, who btfliovvd Hmt hif polished iitid 
gi^iillc BiuuncncoaoiiiUed rvnl Htn^ufrtbof cUk- 
meter. A» adjut«Dt-Retii>riil ht- iwrforroMl Im 
duties elBciontl^ durinj^ tko wrurr months of 
waiting and Hiclini-HB at CiullijMili nnd at 
Vama, and also at the battles of Alton and 
Inki-minn. Ife-wiiji pri^tDotcd ninjor-pcinTuI 
on 1l' Di-<!, IS/Vl. Thfl twochiff atJilToffiprTs, 
Oenenilfl Kmrourt and Airey, werf- held by 
ibi' jiiibiio to b»»"i<pMciiillTrv»{Hm»iljlii' for the 
.■"un'.-rinpKifllieEnglihiiamiv diirintrtliotlrnt 
winii^r in the Crimea; but liord ]{s)>Iun dc» 
f<L-ndcdtbpmtn tlii.'nrMngX'«ttcniif(!*it'Kls«- 
laxK, Innfu'ito/thti Cnmra, vi. .'lIJ,3i2) m 
his dcspntchc-H of 15 Jan. aiid 3 Mitrch 1855. 
Knof'Url, liku Airt'v, v.-vu[ uu sundily willi 
bia work, despite wVftrsi' circumfitaiiix's and 
nivagv criticism, until 21 June 1>£5, whoa ho 
WAD muld^nlv Htnirk down bycholi-ra. H« 
at iaift rallfMl, but tli« tbimderslorm of 
'.^•1 Jiinp cnnood n rplii])M>, and !ie died on the 
niorniiiff of '2i Jiini-. Ifi-* dt-ath wort iint- 
vernally rej:n.'Ued. Haniley writea ibot li« 
WHS 'a msu of remarkably kind and COiir- 
Ii-ou* (liMpOpitiim' [Tkr St'/ry "f thv .*«'tW;c t\f 
ii^Mst'iftil, p. ;J(!f?), and KinpUiio" -ipi/akx of 
him AS ' a man in^-atty loved by Lord Knglnn, 
by nil hiofrirniin »l h««diiuarlt-r», nnd inde«i 
by nil who knew bim ' ( Thf Inrasion uf the 
frhttfa, viii. littl). I^jrd ttiijrbiu wn» afriiid 
to at lend ih.^ funeral, for fear nf showing hia 
^rief ; but the last visit be paid beforo his 
own ilcalh, wliicb was hjiiituncil by tht; io.w of 
his adjiiliint 'gen prill, wai* to Ealcourl's lomb. 
It was announced in the'Ciaielte'of 10 July 
185^1 I hfit 1-Utcourt would bnvo hi-vti oiiiib- a 
K.C.ll. if hv bod Mirviii-d. Hi* widow, who 
had couragpously »pent the winter in CAmp, 
and had heeu by bur buslmndV deuthbi-'l, was 
raiMitl to Iho rank of a K.L'.n.'n widow by 
Hpocial mt'-'nt in IS-W. She Burvired until 
17 Niiv.lft8tt, whi'u kIhi died at htir r<r*idcnci!, 
Tho IMorr, Tfttbiiry. 

(Barko** I.«iii(l(^ Oriiiry; Che«o*y'» Kxpcli- 
tioii to the Eupbratvo Vidlty; Lifa of C>en>.<ntl 
K H. riiinntj; Ibirl's ,\rniy List ; Kin^Iiiku'a 
InviKi'iti of the Critufn ; IttiM^H't Ijoltcr* frvni 
lbs Crimea ; NoIar'b Hiatory of the War iu ili« 
KmA; Ilamlay'sStorrorthvfnipgcof SnInMoriol.] 

U. M. ». 

ESTCOURT. UI'.-ILVRD {10«&-1712>, 
actoranddramatiHt.niubiirnin tUr>8,Mrc[,inJ> 
inc to an account derived by Thetwood, the 
hijtorinn of tby Iri#b KDigif, frvm Bowman 
ihff aclor, at 'IVwk*'sburj\ and r«oivt><l bis 
education at the Latin (ifnuitmar) kIiooI iu 
that town. In th« line«nth ynar of bis a/io 
he (loU> Bwoy fnini home with a country 
Gompouy, and at WHr«.'»itvr played Itoxaua iu 



"-^ '^' 



Estcoui 



TO 



Estcoui 



'AlMander th<'Gw«t' Hr e«Bp(>d in ffflni- 
uiuu diflguiM! (torn puTBuit, but after some 
r.itriouM a(lvi>ntur«a vttA Cftpturwl M Chipping 
Norton Ly li'w f»lli«f. Appn-nticed to on 
sputlit-can,' ill llatton Ganlen, Ixiailon, ac- , 
conline tn ObutwocKl, Lu ng^in broku Ioomi, i 
nnd, KfU'^r two yenn <if itinttrant liftt in Kng- I 
Untl, flrrivod in IreUncl. To thf liwt state- ! 
EUCQl muit bo Dppa»)<d tlutt of tlw ' Puelicxl 
HpSi'i'T ' of Oil*--" J»fu1i (i, 1)4 1, fiillfiwi'il in 
tb'! *' hist nf l)raniali(7 l'i>i>t« ' nppundt^l to 
'ScanderbeR.'wliifbitaystlialiil'ifrc'Hiiiili'ling 
hu tQrm of npproni ici-Ahip b<> m-i up in trade 
M an apotba^cary, ainl not mecliDK with en- i 
ooura^mont jainod n company of plny(>r> In 
Dubliu. TbolutTL'i'OtaltMiienl is Ijunieotit by 
Kiwie, who, in the ' Tfltler," Tuesday, 7 Feb. 
]7tK), BavB of Estcwurt , 'llu wni« foniicriy my 
ttl>ot.bpc«ry.* At the Sinock AlW TheaU* in 
Dublin Escooort pUiyt^ fur sumL-yuare. Thu I 
only parts mantion^d in corim-rtidn wilh bifl ' 
nainc in the scanty annaU of tho early Irish j 
Btaffip are Whwdle in the 'Comiciil itfvt-iijnf, 
or Ijovo in a Tub.' Sir Joslin Jolly in ' Siib I 
would if Nhe (."Oiild,' and Old Beltair in thv I 
•Man of M<xK\or.Sirl-\)p!iTiBFliitttT,' nil by , 
Kl Li-rt'^v Thi* diiTu of I ln-iw jHTiVTiiianc^ is 
nfarlt!05. On iHOa. 17»4, aa Oominicic in 
the 'jipanish Fnrar' of Drydcii, hn mudo al 
]>nirj' I.AUI.', lii'.'n under thu iunnnt!Km&nl of 
Itirh, his first, apwiirrtnct' on thn Enj^li^h ' 
Sttign. In tlu» part lie imitjiltKl Antimy Iviph. 
Ned Biiinr in Uw * Kovjt,' f'rack in *Sir 
Courtly Nico.' L'aptain BUiff in the MUd 
Bnchi'lor.' OrT»viHiiR-t,i:T in * Hn-mlfrt,' HavM in 
the ■ Itclienrsnl." Faleiaff in ' II«or>- IV, Pt. I.,' 
and other impfirlanr chanictfT* in romedy 
•vtrv play«rd during hit) first wmboh. lie waa 
iboonfiiual Pouu^v { W Aprd 1 705) in Siwte's 
* Tender Husband.' Captain Tlctnrty in thi.^ 
*BaMi-tTal>I<j'ufMr«.Carroli(C>iUiivre).Ser- 
getmV Kite inthc'UecruilinpOtBcer'of Far- 
uuliar. and Sir I-'rancia Gri|>t.' in tbi' ' Biut- 
body ' of Mm. rfntlivr.-. I!is also 'cn-Alt'S' 
one or two parte in pkvs now n-hollv for- 
gotten. For the part of SiT^f'nnt KTte hit 
vna Kpecially i^i'h-i^tfHl by Fnrtjuhar. I^ownea, 
with cbararteridtic iiltVriinco, aavs of bim : 
'Mr. KstcoHrt, llirtrio Nniu*; bo hB« tho 
honour (nnturo cuduini; him wilh an easv< 
frop, una fleeted modu nf elocution) in cotnc^y 
ftlwnvj to liLtiticatv hi!" aiidii-nc. i.*p«ially 
quality ( wit iii'MS*^rn*-ont.Kyt<.'). H^'anoti-i- 
I'oUonl only inthat^but a EUporUtivi* mimick ' 
{JtofnoJi Anylirnniiit,p.f>\ ). OniiJrin''17I;i 
hi* ncti'd. at Dniry Lanr, Palun'r in llie 
'Comical Revenjfe'of F.tlirrnro- Thin wan 
hiii hwt Tx-riornianri*. Thf* 'Sjvftntor' for 
i.raa,17l l-ll' contain Ban ndrertismirnt from 
him that h« should' that dityojx-n thi^ Itum- 
per i'aveni in James Street, C-oveot O&idea, 



and that htA wini*^ would be «nld whoI<^ 
and retail with the utmost fidelity by luei 
Mrvant Trusty Antony [probably 
AstoQ [<j. v.] "], vho bad so oAen 
both the theatres in England and IrsT 
<0B5Est). Ht^diud in Aufiut 171i2 (noi.i 
the ' Hi(i|iTa|ihia Dramatica' aaya, in 1713J 
and was buried near Joseph Haynea in tf 
churchyard of St. Paul'*, Covi-nt Qarda 
No. 4«H of tlw •t^iws-lator,' 1^7 An;,'. 171: 
which Steele doTotes wholly to Eetixiurt ft 
Kartcujlirt), i* cnncluairo ax (o the datw 
lii«i death. ?l<wle Rpcnk/f of him aa luirit 
* an exquisite disceniiniJ! of what was def 
tive in any objc>ct/Bnd bein^'no Ins sll ' 
in the knowledj:e of bwuty.' Tkoae' 
knew him well could' repeal morowell- 
cumplimouU), as v/vll as smart ropurteev, dj 
Mr. ECa.ilcourl'N than of any other man if 
England.* Betcourt's etory-tellin; i« bigliLj 
conii]»ind»il,and thpnctor is likened to Vi>nt:^ll 
Afler pavings tribute to tht) manner in whit 
vrben wished, h« could, amon^ ' men of tt 
most doli«tt4k ta«to,' usnr]) the eonTcmttc 
the whole uight, iStonIc concludes: 'I wis 
it, wcrv any tionour to ttw pleasant croatam 
iwniary that my oyva are tvi inuoh eafToa) ' 
to ltd me g.» on.' Sti'^li' had al&o praiw 
him in tho ' Sjiectator.' N'o. 300,5 May 1715 
ColU'v CibN'r, whilp owninjr thnl he waa I 
mnrveltou-i miroir, d<vlnrr.<i him to harel 
' npon tho whole n Inni^iid, nni)lli>ct in^' nctnTi| 
Fotronrt had, he iar*. npon the ir.itrfrin 
the written port of FabtoU', which h« nct( 
' his own notes and observations upon altDO 
erery siweclt of it, di-wcribing the true epii 
of the humour, and with what tone of toic 
look, and ffvf'turc csuih nf thorn ought to 
deliv«twrM/'i/Aw.v,pp.l07 *t). Invxecutio 
however, ho failed to carry out his '"*" 
llavics attributva tho uttenmciMof I 
j<?alou»y, pointing nut that, while ^_ 

pUved Hayes, Ciblwr Iwd to content linani 
wit^ lli» Mxondary character of Princjr V'l 
iiciuii. Thf) char^ lia^ been o^en repoatf 
but Steele's praise has an apnloi^t.ic ton 
and it is jprohitblo that EaKmnrt's social 8 
CCM and his inlelleclual insight wera is 
vanro of his e^positon' Rift* j?,. .-,— ^j 
admitted to th>.< frieud^p of mn 

men, includintf ih^ Huke of M.ii:, _1 

Stxrnitary Cra^ffs took E^tconrt to nn; 
Godfrey Knt-Uwr, who wa« fl.di^hted wi^ 
bis imitalianaofSomei?, Hnlit'iiY, (iodolpl' 
&c. At a given signal Estcr.nn min — ' 
Kneller. ' who cried out imm>^lint'ilyf| 
' ther^youare out.niBi) I llyO— .ttiw 
mc t "' Addison and ParufU wero anif 
; the friends of K-ttiMurt. Tho lutier 
j mcmoratrd him in a tuccbanalian poemp 
I beginning. 



Estcourt 



It 



Estcourt 



n nr TMItflWiTtliiii ISitenm'x vine, 
A oohlimsl baipwA vm. 

e1t> aim describes Eetcntin under ihc Dame 
Toib Mirmr (see Taller, 6 Aiig. J700). 
wiirt wnA conptiliilfd pnnidoro (pnjve- 
\i'f of iliv Ili*f»l4^b Clul), which en- 
littu tn wear a etoall goliion gridiron 
his aecU ij)"» jrrfcn rii'1»in. His 

now known ua pn^n^> Cbel- 

^ayi'lip pn>prlnm>:'il tlic andicnt^c with 

"pry of liillo nilcln--* anil fiiL'hti of liu- 

■i|r that |)li-nnc-d all Imt his critics.' Ills 

•mit K]uiui|il<%or tliL- M(kli«h Cttiwnn,' w*9 

" m liriir>- Lnnt- ID April 17t«. be- 

»lcoiirt jr>iiie>l liic cc'iu]inny. In tlio 

^cr> Id this EslcourL eays tLuI thv |)!riy 

iH t)i» * ('(inMiTUcy ' of Vonhruj/h wcrf 

Ktib l.ilt»'n fmm tliD samoFruncli pieeu, ru. 

liA ■ .Miv!ii|) (^'itiui-nB,' by ll'Ancour. Tlii* 

!y * ]a'a Bourp*H>i»-s !^ In Modo ' of 

■ tnl.S«inclToii,ac1^^(l n( tlivTItfiIrt 

■r.usijii! lo Nov. liiSW. ' PninullA,' an in- 

rludr. 4lo. no ilai", Urary Lan«, li Feb. 

|7liH,WBd inl ivmIiimi] )iv Entcourr, as UnyM, 

ilo thit ' ICchcarul,' lioiwwa twu acts of 

jL waa utayinl. It liurlMtjue* th'J 

operiLB tbtro in voifui!, pitti^i-.-. m whieb 

iril. u.n- iit Italimt and Iviij^Usli to 

H .eptrT'innera. In'PninclIa' 

;\l iirlpd by Nicolini, iU'iLhi.-r iin- 

: • won) the other cayA. It U a 

l'*Ae«nintof ihol^clialiStago; Clint- 

0»nentl Jli^lory of Ui» Slain : lUkrr, 

^1. luvt lonor'i lliognphinDmiiKli«i; Hitcli- 

lL'Blli-liu-it.aI Virw of tlic Irinh Sinpi. Ci!i- 

poloey, pd. IMIcliUQtxri ; I^viw's Hr-t- 

JiM«likniF«; Tfttlnrkiid Sp(«iiit<^r.naMlra; 

Jacob'* Pwlxxl ]{«((i>t«r, I72:S; iM n( 

mb Umnuiiic Tof'* iir]<r>i'lcil lo Whiii>?«p'« 

■*•'-■ ''•': iJownofltAtcina Anf:t)mtiiu, 

. Lim^N nixtnire du TbMtro 

J. K. 

ESTCOURT, TU05US irEMlY SLT- 

>N WJTHCUON (IWJl-lM'tn.itntwmsn, 

the tlilfwt »un 'rf 'ITirtmo* Griinaton 

lucktiall K-I(*iiurl uf E*li:<iurl, OluucvKtvr- 

klt*. MP- fi'r Ili-viwji fmm ISWl tn 1KL'«, 

tht' univiTHity of Oxf^yrd from l(i!27 

I", h\ r.biiiior, (Uuehlcr of Jnnipo 

of NW I'ork. Wilti-hire. Thi'Tnmilr 

jun hasbet-n w-tiicJ al Ksk'ourt, u^ur 

. .- I ■.;«' iitid Bucknall ^;■»l- 

<1 iiii iiii|>ortuncM 

Uim iho chief in- 

r DeTiEw. Buck- 

iii-be"l hnowii toty 

n nf thr iioiiw of Comtnon.i duriof; 

tuir of tho auielvontb «nitur\'. U« 



alwny.? refnswl to lnko offirt-, and rvganlud 
thi? hunoiir tif n-prt^Miliiijt ihtt uiiivi-rniiy of 
Oxford in parliam4>iit as bning thfl hij^bnet 
in uuy onw's gmsp. With bix coI1''«ku", Sir 
Kobi-rt [nffli?, h« pcrsistf-ntly opjio^iwi irvi'ry 
attempt at pnriiamt'nlary or tvligious nii'onn 
in tltti a&tDO nf thu tinivrriuty. Thomtfl 
Hwiry Sutton Krtcourt was boro on <1 April 
1^1. and wiueducutt^ at Uurrowniid at Oriel 
Colkpe. O.^fortl, wbpn- ho cntHY-d II May 
i I'^l':', Aiid wa« a U'uding undorji^ndiiote in 
tbii ilnys lit 4'ople«lon, Keblp, nnd Whrttisly. 
Ill 3Iicbiu.'1uuw tvmi \&J2, when be wu 
only tweiiiy-oni^, Ue wait pUccd in the first 
, cloiid in rlmmicB at t}iv siiint' time* as hiit fiiluru 
fri'.'nili, l.nnl A»hli'y, »n«'rw(ini.-«»ii^vt!niht'ftrl 
of 8hiirtiv.bun', and tin- Hon. Georpj Howard^ 
i afl'TWanls earl of C«rli«!« nnd vicemv of 
! In-bind. H« pr.wcwlrtl B.A. 1S23 and Xl.A. 
1 \t*M, and was creaied I>.C.L. 'J-l Juue 1W)7. 
II«wa5dcstin(>dforapo1iticalcaro^r,nndnftor 
inokin^^ the grand lour bu was ele4:t«dM. P. for 
Marlburoijph in iHtU On 21 A\i^. IftJiO he 
I mnrriivl a yita' wi.-ullhy bi.^iri.*«i, Lucy 8«rali, 
I only diiii^bt'T of Admiral Frank Holbemn of 
I Kirkliiiton^ Kottin^hanii^bin'.and Durrint^oti 
iiotl, Yi>rk»hin-, and in ia3» hn t<H>k tht* 
' nnnie of Sot heron in lien of bis own mi aoc- 
' reeding lo t hi' liittvr property. [nXovt-mlwr 
IKt>'>hfaf^in ftnierwl parlianipnt as M. P. for 
' Devizea, uft«r a very close election, uod 
inninlainfd tliis fii^t \intil 1^44, whrn his wa« 
eli-(.'i<td without opposition aa M.P. fnrXortll 
Wkll&bir«, B.nd ivtmiied that seat till If^io. 
Hfl wn« eoon known a» onu of tlto most 
prorni!iiii)f tory incuibfra of thi' House of 
Comnion?; but hp hud inbmtrd bi^ father's 
di«iticlinntion fur oEiii'r, and Ihotiifht hi- did 
tiioiigh fur lii.'* ]'ariy bv ^jifakinn; iVvjiifiitly 
in tht! bouse. Ua Uia falberVdealh. iu 18i>S, 
lip n-HUDiiil IiIh pafi-ninl nantt-. of Kfttroiirt) 
and in 185^*, at the eametit rpqiieat of hi« 
friend Lonl Uurhy, be con«eiitcd lo tAke 
office, and wiut sw^rn of the privy rouocil and 
appointed president of (he poor law board. 
Ho flbowcd hinuL'lf a cotnp<.-tpnt officifll. and 
in March lf^> ho consented (o nucc^ed 
Spencer Walpole as hnm« secretary. The 
govi'miui'Dt did not, however, bold together, 
and in four months ECstixiurt was glad to 
retire from office. Ho witlidrvw alto^ther 
from public lif^' in IftlW, oft<T n jiarahiic 
.ti^txure. Hi' diM Jan. 1^6, wh^n ho 
lefi Estcourt to n younjror brother, the Hev. 
Kiliuiind lli)r-y lliicknall Kfltconrt, and Uar- 
riiif^ou Hall to his nephew, Georsa I'hontas 
John Sol herott-Estcourt, M.P. lor Koiih 
Wiltdbin;. 

[Times. 8Jan. 1S76: Bnrk«'a TAailodODntiy ; 
Dod « Kkctontl Facia aiid I'urh'Aiuviilnty Ctn- 
panion ; l-'oator's Alunoi Oxoo.] U. Si. H. 



— -^iP*>^*^"» •■ 



Este 



ts 



Estlin 



ESTE, rilAKI.ES, P.ll. (l69fH"45>. 
bislion ol* \V»t»Tf»r<i, nftn nf MiL'hii>-l K«ie of 
St. Ma'CTM'B, Wtwtminsler, was born In 
Wliiti.^hii!l in UtOll. fffji-nlvit^l WvKlniiiwiDr 
School M II <j»M'n'!i Acholnr, and mntriciilaic-d 
■s H student nt t'hmt Church, Oxford, 1715, 
prDccediti^ toLbo two dkvrwsiit aha in 17 Hi 
and 172-ire»pectively. While still al Oxford 
be <^ited in \7'Jii 'Caimina i^umlriLgcsiniBlia 
ab (C4lii< Ohrlsli Oxoo. alamuLS ootDpositn oi 
abvju»dein to<li8 DaccuUiircis detenninanti- 
buain achoIA naluralij philnsophi.i: putilico 
rocitala,' htH own cuiitrtbtitioiu tu which 
will b» found on pp. 108-9 and IMl'. llnv- 
in^ lAliL'n ardL-r§ hv was apuointud chnpluiii 
to An-hhistiiiji IliiiilltT, wiioiti he aciMUi- 

fiaiiied to IreUnd in 17l'4. On 9 Jan. 17iM 
ii'ivii>r>>llHli<d'>n I hi- prt-wnlntiiniiirifcHiUi'r 
to the roflory of 1 terry not^sc, ro. Annitgli. and 
inl'IiOht'wannnniinol'-d tolbenrchdeiwonry 
of Armiiph nnd the nN'toric^ of Af^biUlow, 
Killt"<bill, and ('Bmntoal. In I7-'W ht n^ 
aif^cd thfffe nppointmfnts for the chaiic^llor- 
ttliip orAruwgn and Ihu t<v\ory of Kitmorc, 
t»i which lirinf; he expt^ii<le>:l ti lar^i* sura of 
tnonoT. On ibr hishopric of Ossonr faUinir 
vui;iinl. ho wiu mini) I'l thiil mhc ihroiiuh th» 
inlln(>no<> of Roiilt*'? ivith iha iJukf of Xew- 
CBtitlc, and was cnthrunt.>d at KilWtinv 
1 Mftrch 173fi. To the (^piwrijinl piiW^ at 
tbul place he uiad>:> grval additions. He pn> 
0-i.-«^i.-<i l).]).Nt Iliiblin liiivrrsiry9>Iayir;«. 
In (A:tol»:T 17tll he was ndvuncMl to ihe sew 
of Wttl.rf.jrd. ll'> diL'.i 2» Nov. 1746. Tliore 
tit D portrait of EmIo in ibo hall nt (.'hrist 
Chuirh, Oxford. 

[Welch's List of Qu^en'a Scholsra al W«t- 
niiosilcr, p. '226; CoH<ia'» Futi Kcda<. Jlibnni, 
i. H. ii. '2Si, HI. 17.] A. T. 

ESTE, EST, or EAST, TUOiUS (IMO ?- 

ESTLIN, JOHN HISIIOl* (I7S.'> ISoT,), 
fkurjEcnn, son of John Prior I-^Uin \'(\. v.], who 
liupt a faiuoujs school in n larj^v bolt^c nt iht- 
lop of S(. .Michapl'ti Hill, Urintol, was bom 
lhen> on 20 Dec. 17t^<). flu waa vdiicalvd in 
hiM fiithirr'A w:hoiil,an(] bi*|^n hin pmri-AxiOnal 
«tui]i<^ at the nriotid Infinnarr in 1>;(H. Ho 
continued them at GoyV Hospital, Imndon. 
beoamo •memberof tbo Collf^e of Surconna ol 
London in 1806, and, nfterfortber study ntth» 
onivprsitTofEdinburchjH'ttlcd inpnirtiwin 
hiitnalivHtown in A^fS. Hcnllaim-dkucee^s, 
and, having Anncial int pre*l in ophi hsliuic sur- 

JL-ry. (frudually n^Etriclvd his pnu.-licu lo (hat 
p[nr(in(7tiL ms fnr un liii could. In lHl'2 lift 
entflbliflhi^ in Frojrmow Slroar, Bmlnl, a 
dispeuurr for iho trxtalnicnc of diM^M-H of 
t)Mt <•;«. 1rbi.4 rliArityhn maintained for man! 
tbftn ft ycsr at his own coet, uid afUtrwards 



manacvd ita alfnira for thirty-six yean, and 
hintHtir Itvati^l G^.y-twi) thouMind poor pa- 
tients. Ho kept careful notcA of hU casM, 
and pnbli»hi-d paponi on ' .Vniaurosis ' in 
' Edinburgh MMirAl nnd Snrj^ml .Iniimal^ 
l!^15, on 'Caiaract ' in ' London Medicaid 
Kotto,' l**29, on ' Cy»tiC(Tcii» Cclluloaa- 
thf Sclerotica ' in 'London Medical Qan:lt< 
18:W and 1840, on *One Hundred Ca»ee 
Operation for Strabismus ' in ' Provincial M« 
dic«l and ^ureiciil Jotimal,' vol. iL, on ' 1* 
tended Cure of Cntaract ' <iA. toL v.), on*I 
jurivs of the Iris' (>b. vol. vi.) His rvpnt 
tion na an ophthalmic ciirgvon iipnmd, nr 
ha beoune one of tho tirat of hia period u 
England in thiil drpnrlmrnl of pnwtic<», mui 
in iS43 was olecte^l a follow of ihe Colic 
of Surgmns of Kngland, when that body 
coived the charter nnd«r which it U at pr 
■entgOTemed. In 1^17 hemarrii-d Marpir 
Uag^ot, nunt of Walter Bapehot [q. v.1 
the died four year* later, leaving tin 
dau(rbter. Ilia health waa not robuat, an 
in 1^^ he visited the inland of Hi, Vincent 
where the wariii cliTnaltt n-nloivd hiiti. 
obtained and circuUti'd in IKSJia frefhauppl) 
of vacciiK' l^'iph from cow* ni-sr Ik-rkelnl 
Olonce.sioT-inirw, the n'ginn in which Jem 
had orijiiuallr made his discoTery of the el 
cftcyofvnccination in the prevention iif*ni»l 
pox. Besides ibis important service Estlfil 
rendered rannyolhera to the public in re^ai* 
to tempi^runcii, to iho abolition of »Uvi>ry, 
the instruetiooofthepoor, tolliemaintunaT 
of ndifiioug tolerstion, and the Eujipn.^r 
iif me<iti:idiin[Hi«tur<*i>. In IB^Ti h<r piibli ' 
'ReinarkeonMccinerUTn.'aliicidexpOBitioni 
tllo Miimtific method of inveKlijrttioB pben<! 
mi'iinsaid to Iw dui^ to hidden forci-Hof niUui 
He waa a unitarian with definite theolojtie^ 
opiniouo, and wrote in favour of lh»i chrinti 
miraclesond "On Pmyerand Divine Aid.'Ifd 
He was alwaya (fenerous, but npverthele 
prcwr!ch,andbccanie.by force of uprifrhtcl 
racu-r and prof<.'«*ionii! skill, one of ihe nw 
Iru.ited meu in Ilristol. lie had an attui! 
ufriRht hemipleviii in M*T 18fi3, diedlOJul 
ia.'i.'>, and wtt* ImnMl iu the l^ewin'M Sit 
buryin^-trrouDd, Bristol. Iti the adjoinii 
nin'tinp^liotutr' nm raoniunental lahfi'l-* fur 
him and his wife. 

[Briitol Mirror, 10 Jano V9M; info 
from hia duushtci ; William Jonita'a QTmc 
l^.'ifi;\VorlcH; irinnuiiHnt at BriiCol; LundiMii 
j Provincial M«d. Dirvctorr, 1847.] N, M, 

I ESTLIN, JOHN PniOR (1747-181^ 
unitarian uiiniMer, Ixtm nt Ilindtley, 
t4rr!<h!re. 9 April (O.S.) 1747. was the uoal 
Thomas Katluif hom'r, by lila wife, rormur 

i a Min Prior. Hia eduraiion waa undil 



Eston 



Hstwick 



i*n h*r bis tnntber'a hrotlipr, tlie Rbv. 
)lia Vnor, vicar of Asliliy-dflit-ZoMch.Bnd 
littplsin to llu' Kat\ of Jioim, In 17114 he 
itMvJ ttiv ocailvmy at ^^'aITiIlgToa, wliil>« 
iie divinity eliikir w*A» Hlktl bv L>r. Aikin. 
Iviv li>j ina'ii.' itj> lii» Dilud tltai be oould not 
ilncnW to thf articlds of the Mtabliilied 
)[in-)i,ull})imfrh he «tilM'-«inj'l lobecomo ■ 
lini»l"Tnrrrii((ion; tuul in ITTO lie ai-ceptwl 
invitaliua to beoonut tlin M>Ui-ftf;UL' of lh(> 
!T. Tliumoj^ Wriiflit ut i1il> umtiLrijiai:liii[>t.'l 
Ijowin'* Mrail, Krtxlol, lind entered u)>oa 
^i dulfj in Jiuiuary 1771. He e^xm after- 
Fnrds o).>»>tie<l * »cb>x>l Kt Ht. ?kticliit''r» Hill, 
Jriftot, wbich mrt with ^ivat siicr-cM, some 
' tits [iii]nIs Tiiin^tn erainenc in p«irlianien)^ 
ad ibc iirr.f.-wionn, HU pnpili* liold him in 
•o inueli I'^lvvm tliat ihvy obtained the dt>KToe 
of LL.I).(GljMflrow) for him without bis Imow- 
llwtu L'Onfi'iTfd iu 1W7. (.'nlvrid^f, 
SUtlify, Priftfttlov.-Mw. liartiftiild,ftnd Uohcri 
~kwfe unung tb'j frii-iide fLltrui-tud by hiit 
ni-nt^Mid fiMi-^fi-nrniukrhBrBC^tfr. Ili^ 
tions,ofwUichaIist isgivenattheclose 
, Barbttuld'*' Memoir' of him (.VonfJl/y 
Hary. sii- ^l"."*-'"), wrrf> nunifnua, and 
Dmirw, Ilia' Familiar lA-ctures'were 
liu ] mS.Ofid Ar>i prcc'.-"l<.-d bv a reprint 
BirlMnildV ' MoEuoir.' About \«M 
ihdgUl to fail; in 1617 he re«i}^i>it 
pit, KceiTitig A iargv ^um of mowy 
. ooniire^tiou aa n t^Mtimnnial ; and 
inir luB iiirpwoll FJ/rmon on 21i June, Iii' 
_ to a t>il(Ap.' hit had built for lituiaelf 
Itts favfturitp aummtr haunt, Soutiiem- 
1W11« Olou»or>i»nBliirr, Tlu-rf, on Hundiiy 
,;.. hf wiV4 »r-ii^ Trit h an eflTusion of 
loiiihGcbosi and died immediately, iced 
IIl- wu* hiiri'.'d in the frmvnyftra of 
rin'« Mi-nd rbep'-I. 
Iv»tliti iiuirrM-J lirst a Mi»Coal«<s,se-con(IIy 
ML*» Hiohop. b>ilti of Itn^tid. Ily hi^ first. 
' ' ■ ' I" tain; by the wrond lhri?e 
lii'ik'hter*. One of lh«c la?i 
c- i.r- -dA tUu aitrgvun Juliu Uuhu]> 
[q.r.] 

iBftti«i«rfur1fll7. p.MC; Memoir of 

liihnp &Ulii. ]). 4 ; Chruit.inti Iti'foftiicr, 

11-S: Monthly Itmrw, voU. -n. i<iiv. 

ixn. Axxviit. Ixsvi. ; M'loUily BapiMilurv. ill. 

I^.| J. II. 

BarON, AUAM {_<!. 1397). [Sw 

LVTOS.J 

ESTWICK nrEASTWICK. SAMI-SiJ.V 

I < iikniWas bom aix>ut lA57,i>r 

Trun ihai ht.' mu> ono of the 

.i':lwCliuprl R<iynl iindpr 

I'jrulion, and a clxirtBter 

f^ulfl lit W.I- mtiuD early datiri, lU'priV 

led B.A. kt CUrim Cburcb, Oxfont, m 



1Q77, M.A. in 1680. and H.n. in 1092. Hiw 
intimacy with Henry Aldrich, dean of CEuiet 
f'hurch, ?av« risii' to thelioT'l prithee, Sam, 
lill,' in AldricU'sfamoua smoking catcti. J-^iil- 
vrick vtM (irobiibly too sympathetic and coi)> 
etant a, frojuenlcr of llic rvuinrsaU uf tnuue 
held weekly in the <lenn'n IodKinpt<, to fall 
tinder the I'^tntnu- {muiilty deAit unto dHin- 
({Tients by the );eiiial Inwt, niiiixdv : the re- 
etriction for the one tveninp: to itnall Ixner, 
and exvlueiou from lUe neit taedtin^. Apurt 
from the pip? and {tiini.ihmi'nla, Aldncb's 
mauugemcut uf the cathedral choir wn« cX' 
Ci'llent, and llu- rn.-H' of |-l*twick isquoledby 
I lie nui hor of the ' Remarks on A nium'e Ebsa'y 
on Miii<ira1 Kxprcfixion ' bh a ' rttniarkublo' 
ini^Uiion of thf eUWrt of fiiich a training, lie 
wtt« not only an excellent and (ealous per- 
former in the i^boml duty until eiln:me old 
tticre ren(it!n.-<l him incajiable of it, but a re- 
niarkabli- fine reader awo.' II« Imfarai^ nisth 
minor prebvnd at St. Paul'H Cathedral in 
Uiyy ; si^niiir canlinnl, or mipi-riiilt^ndent of 
the choir, in Xovember I(W8, and sacrist 
<in ihi" ib-ath of Jamea (Tliflbrd in Kt-bniaiy 
160H-U (for the nffioe of ranlinal see Dpg- 
»&LE, i*i. Paul'*, (uid WsKVIiK, Ancient 

EstiK.'icli was nnDi>iai«dvicarof St. Ilelen'a, 
Iii".hopsjiHle, in l«Ul, and rector of St. Mi- 
rhn-d'ai, Queeiihit he, in 17 1 1i, but hi> continued 
1o perform bid cboral duty at tite <«thndral 
litl nvar the limu of hi)- decease, ' when little 
■b lift of ninetr yeani of agit. . . . Itcndinf; 
hetieath ibe weight of rears,' Ilnwkiuit pocB 
on to tny, " hut pr>"wr>-mB hia faculties, and 
pvpn hi.i Toio.?, whirb wfis a deep bo**, till 
the lofit, he <?ou4tanE]y attended hia duly at 
St. Padl's, habiird in a niintlice, and with 
Ilia hftid bpiid (•o^Tn.'d williahlack Miiincoif^ 
with grey hair round the edjjf of it,i.xliibiU'»I 
a figUTW the mo*t awful thut can well he win- 
wiviJ." IJe died on ItJ i-'.jb. 173><-H. Th« 
' reverend and truly venerable Mr. H->twit:k'' 
wa£ n-j^rvtliHl by the oulhor uf the ' lU'inarks* 
Kit a 'eood man and worthy iWjrrmnn,' w!iili« 
the ' London Evening Post ' of -jO I-'eb. Ix-ant 
witneiw lo hi« ' eiemplury piwty and ortho- 
dox principlefi.' l^<twick wiui mid by Haw- 
kins to have bt-en an tuuucceasful caudidulo 
for thi' Grtfnbom profroAorslii^ of music. ITu 
attended all the early meetin^u (from tliv 
Krst bcM in -lanuoiy l72&-4i> of thr Aca- 
deinr of Vocul MuKick, imd hia name lie««lft 
the liAt of eoutributurs. 

His sermon on ' The Ceefulness of f^hiirrh 
Ma*ick,'preafbMl at Cbriet Church, 27 Nor. 
\6Vii, upon the ocrn^iim of the anniviTMry 
meetinpof tlwloveiwof roueicon St. Cecilia* 
day, voa published in the mm« year by rc- 
ijiicst of the stevrardd. In tbc'dediciliory- 



Estye 



■14 



Ethclbald 



li!tt«r Eatw-icli deploms Ibc tfadviii^ of tli« 
ogu to 's nulled, i£ uot a difiue, uf cliiircfa 
munit-k,' Anollier s*nnori. delivered at St, 
Puul'a, was |mbli»bi;d in 160^. Ills numii- 
scrip: inuKtc M^m'sHrviMlal the MuaicSuIkkiI, 
And (It Chrifrt Churcli Librair, Oxford; it 
iDciudi.>a a motett, •oogs, uuo oUm Ui bo 
pcrlbruwd at tlw Artfl. 

[Sauip»Jn E«Evi(]('» works; HAwVinsV Hist, 
df Muiif, \i. ~6r : i'lua.1-111 1 MiLiii^al drii[>aiiiuii ; 
J)Uluutiii'» LDcidiuiutu iUdiriruui, I8u3, lii. 27. 
£62, ir. All : Oxford GmdnuLfs; Orovo'a Diet. 
of Hotic. t. 496 : Dri);inHl dominocita nlktirc lo 
tbo fint Mtsbtiubmutil. of Llio Aci(l<<Riy of VikmI 
ilvsic, MO BrlUBh Mtu«uin Addit, iiA. 11732 ; 
«xtrBfU ^ra Kt. Pnul'a Cstlicdnil Kwiidi', cup- 
plied by tbo K«v, W, Spamiw Sinmon, I).I). ; 
oh! newtpopDO, 1739; vorka aiuniiwiint Jilmw.] 

I.. M. M. 

ESTYK, GEORGE (1500-lOOt), divine, 
vrBx i.-duciitt-il nl 1'«iu4 ll-uUtTg^', <.'itiabrid^e, 
proce^Klin^ U.A. in 1580-1. lie waa sfiiT- 
W6rd» elifctwl a fpUnw iif lii« collfifi', i;riiii- 
nw-OL-od M.A. in lfiSJ,nntl pmce^ed B.I>.in 
IfiOI. In l^itS he "'■:? cuosen preacher of 
St. .Murr's, Ilury St. I-Mmuiidi. ITr died at 
Bury on if Aug. 1301, and wad buried in bi« 
cUurrh, wherB amoniunpnl, witjjo. Latin iii- 
efrriiitidnciMOpMScdbyDr. JoeeiiLHnll.bi^hup 
of N<»rwtirb, wan erm-uJ to bin memorv. 

HU widnw, Triplmsa, l>eciim<i thy jfuonid 
wife of Mattlii-w Cl«rk.% M.A. of ('liriit'* 
<'.^>ll*>(r(', (Inrabridpi, twi(?a mflvor of Ljna 
lieg\s, and >I.l'. fur tliat horimgli. 

|[etPtot«: 1. *AnExp<iflilion<mPadlm51,* 
2. 'An Expottition ou tbo Ti-a Oiiamnnd- 
iiM!<nU.' 3. 'An Kxpo^tion <in ih<^ Lonl'a 
Supper.' 4. ' The Doctriao of Fuitb ; or an 
Kxp>^i!iition on tlicCrtt'd." •). ' Kxpn^iiionon 
Cli<^ lir*t part of tht.' llfn.b Psalm. 0. 'The 
lIi*tory of tbtf Uiwp';!.' 7. ' Expoeilion on 
I l^^^■r i. la,' All tbu forejroing worlw tnn 
jirialtid in vuu volmu'.-, Luud'^n, l<Ki:i, -Jto. 
«, ' Ih- Ortitiidinc Salvlis, et ptrsevcnintla 
Sanctorum nou inlcrclsa, Uraliu L>.viaiiiLCuu> 
t)ibiigLielui)ntKa IJ. Kstfi'i Thi-oln^fi'i itutiimo: 
qnn, nan fociiritAtem p«'rv<>ri%m. ted max;- 
Qiiiin iiietat ia zt^lnm, rJ!rliludint» biijiix i^.-nui- 
num tnictum doinntwtrat.' In 'Du .i^riuinii 
tSviiti^nlin qua elcctiouwn oumpm pnrticuhi- 
rem, tidoi pm'^'istD docct inniti, Ifi#i't'.pl«lio 
tJcbuJi^lica inttT Nicolavm Gr«vincboi iiim 
Kr'l-T'Hlamum, ot Unlielmum Ainosiiim An- 
;liini,' Auiiitrnlam, 101^, pp. A9-70: and in 
.lftt'.lii-w HulUmV ' Brevis i*t dilucidaexiili- , 
entio vcne, ix'rtx>, ctconKuliilioni* pli'inu <Idc- 
trino; dc i-l'vliom-, pru-di'-liiialiom-, ac ^•p^>- 
hnt.i'^tn',' Hnnlcrwick, Uil3, ii. J.l, Ii M<i<inii 
thai tbie or anotb^rtrniitin'i f»v Kilyi* 'm liw 
saiiii- iiil<i<icl i» prinlMi in Itobort Snme'fi " !)<■ 
munisUurbti merits et ellic«cia,reinif6kiaU 



5i 



p'-'ccntoruu) p^r 6dvm Cfirlittulini>. vt ju 
cimlitf lidi'i jturHircrantia, trus ^lumi' 
lliird«rwii:k, lUlll. 

tAddit. HA. lOIEA. f. Ii»: Atantta 1 
Ainiti.{lUrtvrt),\tA4i6H ; L*ari<'r'» C«n 
p. 117; Ct>le'8>IS. xxviii,210; U"opor'n 

Cantnbr. ii. 31!>; MackorQll's Lyno, p. 107 f 

ntir'a IliU. Urit. p. 245^ Tiiylor* I.yna, p. 71 
Trmnw's St. Mary. Bufjr, pp. 1 1 1, 18«.3<aj 

KTHELBALD or JiTHELRAI 
(cI. 7<')7>, king of the Uercistu. I-Iil- ^on 
Alww, tb» son of llawa, a 3-(iun(f.?r lm>llt4 
of the Morcinn kinp: Fonda, wiuiin i^Arly lil 
driven from Mercia by C*olrwl, thi* pninef 
of Pt'ada,and took rofugcin tlif fon-<N>inirr 
While therv h« ulWa vUtted at (.'ruwlnti 
th'-- hennit Gutlilac, who also be!'>n(p.-d 
tbi.' roval bouso of Mcivu. Uutblac ca. 
fortt'd him tii hiA exile, and ifl taid to liai 

truphtfiit'd tliat ho would one diiy l»c< 
itiji not by vu'lcnor but bv tho ucX nf (iiMli 
and Ml it wjki that when <'«>olred diod in 71f 
hv 8iicco4.>t^'d (f iiietly to th« tbrom- of }[er 
i^Arta .VS. .April, ii, .17 ; (he otorr !-■» it^M tn 
iDtheromancoofthopMudo-In^iiir.ed.Savi 
p. 81X1 N}. ; thL> dat« of .Htboibald's aoM 
iiou is tixi'd by Bju>a, JIu>l. Jvx-l. v. iX, an 
A.'K Vhron. aub an.) yKlhclbatd, who 
iJi-Kcritwd aH a bravc and impatuoiu war ' 
carried ou tilt rxttiniuon of tbn Mercian poi 
with auch rnnyy and Hnceeaa, that in 75 

bti wa4 iLckr»>wl<-dgpd a* (ivcrlnnl by all it 

kin^and peoples of aoutliem England as far 
north u the llumbiT (B,a:i>a, r. 'i^i\, and iu 
s charter of about tbU timr^ fttyl''^ hini.« 
' kinit not only of the Mercians, but also 
all ill* provincM that are ralliil by ll 
common name of South-l-^pUidi ' (Kuuiti 
Cbd&r jyipt. p. b3). Many wars liad 
wi^od bi^Cwx-ntho Mi^rciand and ibq Wm| 
Saxons, each pl^<:lpleslrivin|I toad*nn«i'jj~ 
baundnrrat tbcexpen<i^ of lht> other. 
ruMgnatioQof lui', and the ciril di^con 
had followed il, bail gtvfin /Klbi-Dmld ll 
upporCunitv for compelling lh»! \\cst-.Siwi« 
III ovknowliidgp liLK aiipcriontv, iitid b« fui 
tht^r look sdvantagR of r-mlMLrrai^mcjiUt 
/ICthelhoard, Idp's succei*aor, to invade 
kingdom. In 7,%'^ he took 'Siimcrtun,' wlita 
it swuLs reaaonable to idoniifr wiib Sompi 
ton in Som«rH>tsluni {A.'S. C'hnti. Kub at 
Making of Etuilnnti, p. 31*4. It has, ho* 
ever, been contended that it was Sunivrlo^ 
ueurOxliird. This thi-ury hiia bivn nifut« 
««ti*faclorily by Mr. J. Parker; but on 
stroii^th nf a notim of thv ett<>nt of .Klhc 
Iwltt's I'lm-cr given fey Henry "f flunti 
don. wnich hl^ fails t<^ i(*, ix moruly a Tcrac 
of Uit; passage in Biedn r«f«nvd to above, 1 



Ethelbald 



'S 



Ethelbald 



ftoni "31 io 733, ho propoie* to 
- U)wii lAkcn hy .l-;th<>lbAld with 
>ai;ruiii on tlio ItorderB of Lincoin^Wiv. 
iiriy llUtor-y r.f Oiffrti, p. 108). The town 
ttiai<l to h&i'i; Kuxtnim-d n rt>gukr eiej;?. and 
tiKV* li«!ii *iirTL'tnlen.-d by ilj (tofriidOTS 
rben it -wad I'vkk'nt tlml do succour would 

BeUt to tllrlll tllnN'RY t.p llfXTlSfilWS, 

'^6). W'itii ilH Biirruuduf iHu wiir iwiime 
I hftVe end<^l, t b'-' Wcst^axoti kiiiirdoubl less 

Bmn nD:(t tu luivu (.iidi.'aviiun'd lo ux> 

lis (iomiiuiin bn}'<>iid Ibr Hmuber; for 

rliili' Kudbrrtit of Xflrtliuinliriawiuienga(r*-'d 

o war wiih iliy i*icl« in 740 !ip ravup-dlitfi 

Und iKp. ad Bj^ik). In 7 13 be rarric-d on 

jlsucciSufulwu'a^iluttbeWelHh.in nlliaiicv 

~ riilithf West-Saxon king,Cntbrfd'<i.v.\who 

wjiv<I liini M Iu« overlord. Ciilbr^d, uow- 

tfnund ihi^ Mercian yok^ intolomblff. for 

Ibalil \m Ksid lo lui\ '.■ uppn-ss^d llif ^V «i>t- 

(tno« -with (■xni'lioitP, niiJ to have treated 

with ins«iltii<:o (Uexbi or llrsrixo- 

),l'ih)- Act"r<iingly,aft>Tht>hadbroiiglit 

Inm to '^rdpr, ("utbred made wbp on 

Ibald in "«>?- 11^ croMtnl tlwt Tlmmc* 

Imntcd to Bcorpford or Hurfnrd, ahoiiT, 

milva to the nonli-we*t of Oxford 

l), ThK wur hud probably bcfiiin 

lime iK'foK' llii)i, n>r llio nnuy which 

[-'t}ifl)mld li^tl a^aiiuit, bini was coai|>osed not 

of M'-Tcuins but &\%Q (if troops from 

bar counlrii-,* tbnt Vtt-tr: subjt?«'I to I he 

king, from Kent, Esbi>x. and East 

nclitt. IIk- l«ltltf wa" ticntt iind iilnstittatf, 

Mbiit h armi^-i Aliko were animated ttiI h th« 

^of victory. At t m-kB wero mndf by both. 

Bvar .EtholbalJ I'otiRlit bia wMpon 

lugh the armour and iha Ixnies 

^^^^ siea ; at whatever point the W»t- 

ftV^^kldnrtnan /Elhdhun tbc Proud nl- 

rkfd tho Mi-rciaii M)uar«, his bnttl^axo 

[ii:imt>paiL ibr<iiic-til1i>^irranksindstrawi_'d 

wiih r".'r(.'*i;s. At l"fl 'be two nwt iaceto 

and I-iui-'lit it wliilr_- together in single 

It. Tb'iL thi' kini;':' Spirit fnik-d.autl ho 

I. -'iriitrinvHiiliengiiged 

. Tbt-'MDrciatuwere 

-i.ii limt hinBuporiortty 

[)o\ver Nti5tained a blow 

'i-ii.H^rwd. for from that 

li him {ib.) 

li ht-ncfactor to the 

I * tu Cveshain I KcVULK, 

'i^; .Iftwuu/jwn, ii. 14), 

'■" ), mid other ecclw 

1, nnd h^' CTtBodpd 

ttnUhip, 1 ' ' iry 

lOIOl, lo tlucli->t.T it'.-. /.*l, una (i.. :!t, 

I'l Abbuy in the Itio of 'I'hoDot (ib. 



B4; Monn*ticon,i.XXS,)', h«-- tnadv a grant (o 
Abingdon in conjiinMion with .Kibi'l)i>-ard 
(Ecxui^ 81 ), and giiv(> n charter lo GliLston- 
bury, which was coiifirmi-d by Cuthred in 
744 (i$. 03 ; 0«ttn Iteyum, i. 65). J4i; uUo 
inadG a gnui'^nil grant in 7-lti frm-itig mooa^ 
lerios &ndcliiir^-b>>9 iVoiu all lull nud srjrrica 
except tlif ubtiifacionof building brtdgKH and 
dcfunding f<)rt r<:iv8Ce ( K tH [iLB,tH< : Ecel. I)i>at- 
wmif», iii.-'ISO: (^Mfa A'-ynmi. i. Gol, Accum- 
paiiicd by his ealdormcn and other nnbW h« 
pMsidvdovor the couiiL-ilofCloveHho, which 
wiui lifcld by Arirbbt.>>bnp Outhbrrbt in 747 
and aUcndod by biflh^jps from every kin(*doni 
south of till! llnmWr (Errl. Dorumenln, ili, 
."^tO). Thfi influence oi \\\n ovprlordship iii 
cburch matters is also illtiiitrate<) by the vluc> 
tion of three Mim-inna to thu »o« of <'ani*>r- 
bury (.Srt'BBS, IHet. of (,'hrijitiaii HifMrrapJhf), 
NcTortholwM, he was a man of «randalrniidy 
uvil lif«. Jletw<K>n 744 and 747 Boniface, 
the. Kat^ViMh arehbi-ibop of Mttntz, and five 
Gfrmau bishop*, wrolt tiJio alettprin whirh, 
whilrt ac]niowU>dgine biii liberality, they 
strongly remonstrated with him on the im- 
moral connect ions hpformH while neirlwling 
ta enter intolawful mtirriiiiie,on kisviolalion 
of nuns, and ibe geai-ral iiutjuity of his con- 
duct, and Konifttcc iwnt litters to a prieat 
named IIer«frith and to Lcgbirrhi, archbiskap 
of Vork, prnjinp ibem to urge th« king to 
comply with tbc aiLvice that had been giren 
him and amend hia wayii. A lwi<;r from 
Boniface to .Stlwlbold shows that they 
went on frlc iidir tt<rm» ; tlu* king had obliged 
the archbiahnp, who in return ^ent liim pre- 
sents {£^1. Voc. iii.3.'rf(-iJ0). A K'lter from 
■jfidilwald'to Aldbelm [a. v.) whde abljot 
nf Mnlmesburyaiirribed tovKtheibttld (Sfonu- 
mmta MoffitntiHn, p. tt-">) was cijrioinlv not 
wrilti-n hy tiim (Stf brh). After a reign of 
forlv-oae years .ICtliflbald ivni* slain ui Sec- 
candunc or Swckington in Wurwirkuhin;, in 
757 (lutrod. to Ho^^bdiht, i.), by hU own 
guards, who fell upon him at nighl (ap. ad 
BiKOaii), or in battle there (Hbkbt of llu viw 
rsflDON, p. ":?!)), or by Heomned, who itiado 
himirclf king in his stead (Kt/iKKSTE, i. I'tSfl). 
Till? three vp nil oiw wcv nut nece-tsarily con- 
Hiding; awarwilh the n-bol Beornnfd.and 
a night attack upon the king'* cump in which 
hia own moo, or perhaps Boomrn^dhiinwlf. if 
a king's tbe|;n, slew bum, would give an in- 
cidentof whii-h each writer rt^ferrMj lorolalca 
a part, .Ethtdbald was buried at Itcpton. 
A Itttter from an unknown writer deteribM 
a vision in wfaioh .Ktbelbaldwasacvoin tor- 
mvnik after hts de;«lh (il/o/i, Moyunt. p. 275). 
[Kipdir Hi«t. I'atI«w,. Ap|u>ndia, Mon. Hist. 
Brit.; Aitzlo-.'<aioa Ctinn. (KnCa .Ser.|; llsnry 
<if lIiUtingdoD, UoD. lliat. Beit.; Flonoc* of 



,^a£^ 



Etheibald 



Ethel 



WoTOEslor (Kii((!. Hint. Soc.)- KviulAn't Cod«x 
I'ipl. (Eugt. QiBi.Soe.): Wtlliuoi oi'.Mnlniaibiiry, 
0<M« IlcfutD (t^tigl- Hiel. fiae.]: lladi\aa nii 
HtMbW»aKitiM.Tiot.in.; Dugdalv'sUoiiaatioMi; 
ViiH 8. Outhbi«i. Acta SS. BoLland. Ap. ii. 37 : 
MntiumiiiU HpKuntina, rp- 3S. 374. ud. Jftfi% : 
])t>tjufi Stu1)li»'B nrl. 'lahelUnld' Ju Diet, uf 
Cliri»ti:itt Biog. ; l'*rker's ErfIt Hirt. of Oxford 
(0«frtM Uifct. Soc); Grctn's Making of Eng- 
Und.] W. U. 

ETHELBALD ur .fiTHELBALD («t. 

800), kiti^ of tk« 'n'eBt-Suons, tJie seoond 
HJii of .-Gilielwulf, WM pirMent witli his 
iutlier at llie virtOTT OTcr tho Scandinariitn 
piraU-a nt Ockkv in Surrey in B6I, aiitl U 
wiid liv AilMT lo Kave coiiB|>in<d with Ealb- 
Btaiii biiOiop oi Skcrbomv, &iid thv Wvei* 
Saxons to ouppla tit ^i-]lhKlvnilf wliilo cm hi* 
pilfrimagQ to Kome (86&-0). On ^Ktlisl- 
wiiir* r*tiim /KtliBibuld and liU party rw- 
fuBcd t(» allow him to rontiiiuo to mi^ in 
W«M«x ; he n>tireKl toKtmt.aiid .Kthelbnld 
niI*dovfTihp\Vwr-Sftx<in«ro'>l'ie«'rnaiters 
we Bnw Tiill^v wilder Eihelwulf]. Wben 
.KtbelwLiirdiL-d 111 8o8, be took to wife bis 
fatlicr'K widow, Judith, tlic daugblvr uf 
Chnrli-" tli^ Ibid, ^(r»utly to the ac-andal uf 
till inei) (Ai<aElt, |>. 4~'2; Kehblg. CotUj- 
IPipt. lU^iAnnalr^ ItTlimnni, Prcdrxticji, 
t>riHV II tins bo«niiiigvr)«iGd 1 lint the reamn 
ofllii8ranrri»gew««p«riplyi>oliticiil(CJm;tx); 
it i» iK-rhrtTW mni* natural to bfliPT*- that it 
fit h I -t showed u t«nd'-'ncy to ado{>t old heat lien 
customs [sfp under Kinnii.D], or wn« i>iinn|r 
tho rffliill of inclination. It is said Ihat 
Swithuri, bishop of Winchc)«J-?r,te|i«ivi?dth<> 
kill); for bi[> riii, and ihnt he Kpcuced and 
■r|iaral<:!d from Judith {A»r/lJa Sxirfiji-ltH). 
This^however.iaextivuit-Iytloublfiil.Hiiddoi^s 
not rest on i^wd uuthority. Judith did dot 
rvtitrn U» tnmiv u^ntil aftor .Etbelbald'* 
dmth. Rnd ehu wai- ihvn ejk'Iicii uf an his 
widow (-1/i»./fr/-/rM.Hlsc»*K,8(l2>. >+;ih.-l- 
b^d dio<l in H4K) (.\jtK£u). ait«r a rd^ ol 
fiv«yean {A.-H. Chmu.), which miut jiro- 
b*bl]r borockoned from the datt> nfhia fatbt-rV 
d^fparture from Kngland in STiG, Hh was 
bimr.-d nt Shorbornr. All Kni^land i« wid 
to hose nioitriifd for him, and in after yean 
lo buv>- Ml how much it hud loot by his 
death ( IIkxby oi' llv.vnxoDoK. p. 737 ).' Th^ 
ahare Iip bmi in the \lcIory of Uckley, and 
iJio peace ibal, to judge from ibo »il<;nco of 
the chroQiclpra, pn-vnilod during Iiih n-i^rn, 
are cnou^ to explain ihs repret with whirh 
liix people are aaid to ban' n.-nH-mbf-red him. 

[Atiglo-StJton Chron.. Awfr. Ilcorr of Iluat- 
inplou. nil in M»n. lliai. Bril. ; KEnilln'a C'od*x 
J>i|<l. (Kd^I. Iliat. Soc): Aaanlca Hcnio. k1. 
WBitx,Scnpt. Iterura (lorm., Poftc; Wliartnn'i 
Aiiflia3acra;tinwi'aCctsq.of EugL] W. n. 



ETHELIiERT. ,«THELBERHT, <ir 
JEDILBERCT (,VjL':-yiU), king of Kent 
SOD of Kormt^iirJc, ihu grandson of Oot~ 
aUI«d Uiac, from whom tlw KvniiNh kin 
took tliu [latronnaic of Oi^un^s or ."^iciiif^ 
aud who wan llin »an of llt-ngvtl-, is said oo 
KOtnuwhni doubtful aiKhoriry to have 
bocn ill /).')i ( ,^.-.S', CAron. Canterbury). 
BUCCee<lMtotWthn>ti(.-uf Kt>nt in .JtWCllJ 
liut. £ccl. ii. A; iu06A A.-fi. C'AroM.).aad : 
dSSendiitvoured to extend bin kingd'.mi w< 
wards br marcliin? into ih« diftrict b^twe 
the An<Ir«djweala and th« Tliaiuv*. Hn 
liowrtver, hr' wtM met by lh« West-Saxot 
under C«awliu nod hie broth'-r Cutha, wl 
dufcatod him at Wibbandune or WiinbU 
doo, and drove Lim buck into Kent, 
married Itttrtha [i^. v.], daufthtrir of lli 
bvrl or Charibert, kin^ of tlii^ Frank»T wb 
rt^iifncd in Parin, by hi« wife IngoWrE. prt 
miaingher paroni^i) that tdie And X}w bkuiQ 
»h^ brou^t over nirb her, Lindhard, biahc 
of Senlis, ahoiild be allowed to practi«(>tb<: 
religion without iutcrruptiou. Accurdiugt 
ho fftvv htrr the Itomaii church of 8t. Mnrtti 
lo tlie eiut of hiM cupilal OnntiTbiir)-, that^ 
the mitfbt worship there. (In thf di-jilh of 
C'vawliu in 56A .hthelberhL'a power uppt-ai 
to liavo inuroaaMi gn-al ly ; h>- (laiiu-d sui 
macy over all the Tjifriisll race aoulh of 
llumbxr, and if therefore reckoned as 
tbiri Brelwaldft (JI.eda, Huf. Keel. i. L»Ji,il 
.■■. i A.-Ji. Chw». Si'"). In Gy7 he beard 
till' landing of St. Aui^u^lin*' and his < 
puniona, and sent to tut-m hiddiuK lb>-m 
Diniii in the Isle of Tbaiiet imlil he lixd di 
t«nniu(;d what to do, and Ivllini; ibuin 
in lh»i meantime he would provide for th« 
Attter some dti\n« he came to the island wit 
hi» tb'.f{nj*, and, titling in tbv open air It 
the Ktran^errk should ca.-ii ap-tU upon bin 
liuvo uudienoe to th« missionaries, yfht 
they had finiMlted thrir di)>counH'4 ln' iinawrtr 
that their worda and pmmiM>s were fair, bii 
KH ihdv were new and doubtful he would nc 
for^e what hn and thu whoU- Knpli^h 
had so lonjj held. Nevertheless, a-- tlieylin 
ciomo so far in ordi-r to Icll him what tbv 
belit-ved to be true and profitubb-, h^i woiill 
US? then boapitHbly ; th«'V should ha^'c wbal 
eror Ibuy nved'.-d, and Dii|,'bt, makecudi voo 
verl* as they could. Itisanjiwershinvs that 
he had not Uiarut onytbine about clirUiianit] 
Irnm tlw* (itiMiii or her bishop, tboii^b ha ' 
willing to extend the fullest tolr-rntinn 
tbosB who desired to teach it. He ^ave 
misaionariM ft dwolting in Cant'-rbiiry, ' 
vided them with food, and allowed them 
prMch. Tfa^v ii»ed 8t.3Ianin'scburcb, 
(rained (cveral coaveri*. ..'Kihelberbi 
aelf waa convened, aud waa ha^ Ll^, daul 



Ethelbert 



Ethelbert 



Kt. M*nin'ji rhuri'Ji, attd in<H>t \}T<f 
nn Wliii«m»i8v 2 June. Fmm ibot 
OKWiinlM lilt Mpiniiwlj' fomnnlwl th"j 
^t>rk of Ait^^ttiiit. Ilf iliil not forc*^ any 
vlopt liiit Bfw n-liifioii. but uliowffd 
; (Amur ti> ihiiw* wb.» diil no, ttn<] fit 
iriEtmRitii)** iir<t>r tits ba]>tifrtiK.t oaany 
trn (hniiMtiil ]viij.').s!i «n- situl to have 
MInW(.'<] fiin '.xiLiJii'l'- l(fn'),i>ry l^i Ivulogiux, 
i»hitp i>r Alt-Jiiinitria, ZIt^ IhHtimi-ntt. iii. 
H. U--- p*v>: iMi 1. - -i-'I'ico at Coiilorban' 
Id A>i);'iMin>.', I liia p.-sidi'uo.' to 

IcriiiftT. Am;;-! i- Ium oi>Tiii^i-ration, 

Xovciiilf^r ha', i» taid tu luivo piir:({«l tliv 
alt> whrnt .Kl]»-]lH-rht nml li'tK iicibli-« 
I to worpliip. and wlicrc nn imnire of tha 
Btnnd, «»d to linvo d«<licj|led :t nn m 
irvlittti rliun-lk in lumour of .St. Pnnm!^ 
CUuRX.c^i). li«0>. .Kth<<)berlit helped liiin 
jild ati dnnrnt Itotnan cdiircb, which 
lii^lix) In h'mrtiir <}{ tliv .Saviour, that 
~Hii; ' < ilrol ehurrh for bimsf^lf 

niid -iid iW kiiif; ulso built 

Ih* i;:,i-ii. -It .•-.-. I'etM Btid Pftul (ftflL-r- 
^rud'cnllrd St. Auirii?linu's>, nhicb was tio( 

It • .■■» d..-Jitb. InllOl M.d- 

1 1 1 I rift of Knman mifwion- 

bK' ■' - Ucr fr<)raPopeOri'KijrT, 

tin;; him tudi-Mroy idt^litimii^K-inpli'i), 
rith the \eX\oT tbc pope sent htm eome 
VrMcntA. bofory; Au^'ii^tino dinl ((M)4) 
Jbvrbt, wiib ilif advicv of liiii witnn, 
Iktsl a body of writt«>n dooms or taws 
'itini; to t.b« Human foahion';' tliio ix>d>% 
wan llius a ri'Jiiilt <if iIih hiiiH's ivin- 
ii,oonlaiiunin4.'lylawe,rhi«.'fly<)iri&(iii^ 
n rM^'.uninrv' Htnfn>(« to Iw miidv for vvrrv 
id and dpfrrce of injury, and bef^nninp 
R'itb the BDiountA la be paid for injuring Ibv 
prtiptTl* iif thnrliurrh nr thnrbirfiy O'l'^RP'^i 

■ I). .^^rb«'ll)r<rbtbuiUadiurch 

■ lir^U-r, for J'istuii, wb'i raniu 
> ('.[i^iiTKi III (iOl, nitd WM iinlBintil bii)hiip 

l)y Auir'^'tint', It must aUn bnve been due 

hi* inriii'-niN' that S,T?bcrht, tbf "wn of hi* 

*lvr Utt-uU, the undiT-tEtn^ of Ibn Ka.-<1- 

B, ui'rrpliil tbi? ttNicbiti); of Mollitu>t, 

'builtlfiec-biireh'if St.l'iiul iiiLuiidou, 

Til, ,;,i]i. [ru! .l.i.r.-!, of ilrililus and 

I :h dutli Au^UEiino 

i< iiM of orjrnntMklinn, 

ii'Iik'b muUn Loniion tUn mf>trnj>oIi» of the 

itftbi-m jircrini^, hv onUininf; Mt-llitint 

'il' London and T.atin-iit.iii* to W hit 

•'•r n* ''aiiu-rbury, and this airan^r^ 

'-'If^As Riudt^ with the approval 

wh') would be uuwtlliii|; that 

liU^ shuuld ItK taken fr>im Kent and 

t-U (u an nndfr-Vininiiim. .Klbiil- 

niii*: ' ' : < ' il ICjfxtwald of Kiut 

iagl'ia I lunity, for be was 

YUL. Hfiii. 



iMiptiw-d inKpnI. llwdwald.howpTer.tumed 
bark TO tbi- wr>r^bi|i of iii5 old p^d^ii, huA 
ftKWB lo Uuve pxlended hi* pow«r lit the i-x- 
pcnw of the Ki-nti»h kinjf, for brfore .llthc!- 
berlii dii}d the ieudvntlup in Kngland bad 

SosmJ from him to Ititdwald. (Jui^pii llt^rtba 
iod bvfuro hi-T husband, and .Kthelbcrht 
mairitHl atiolh<-r wift-, whumi [uiiu" hiu not 
I bE«n rcconled, nrnbubly bf^ranw ttbn nftvr^ 
HurvJs marm-d (iier atvp^ou Badlald [t(. r.J 
.!;th.-lUTiil diwi on i>l PVb. <il((. afti^r a 
' rciffnoffifty-six veara.andwas buried in tho 
I I^irch orcluip".'! of Hi. Martin in tbufhtirrh of 
SS. Telerand Paul. Hir left thn-<! cliildrfn: 
a fon, K.idb&M, w)io liad r*^fiiti«d to scri-pt 
chriniiniiity,nndwho«uPcct'dw]hiii!; and two 
daiiffbtfr^, .l-'th«Uiitrb,Hl«o call»l Tale, who 
mairit'd Kndwini>, kin^ nf t he Non humbrianx, 
and Kndbiirh.abbuM of Liming. ^Klbvlburbt'K 
name appeare in thi; ealemlar. Unu chartor of 
liifi, grunted on iiS Ainil 0O4 lo tbechurcbof 
SL Andn'wnl RfMdH->l>>r,i«nn>bnblTi^nuine; 
fourotht>rH attributed to hiio, logeiher wi;^b 
a l«tt>^r gnid to hurt- bvH^n wrillvn to him bv 
Hotiifnr.- IV,Ar<i drtiibtfiil or spurious (7^/c-ji. 
Uo^uMeitti, iii. 51-tW, ii5). 

fB»die Illat. KccIm. i. <:. H, 36. 3A, ii. <*. S 
i.f^l. }liHt.Soc); Angio-Siisao Chron.imb ^il 
!iSh.66S: Oreg. of Tours, Uiat. i'ntDrortini. iv, 
c. 36, ii.c. 3G; Thon, wl. 17*0, ed. Twyadun ; 
Acta SS. Dollaod. Vob. iii. 476; Haddon and 
^tuljWx OouDcila and Koeles. DocaaicDt*. iii. 
r^67 ; hi^. of Chriviian Bioc. art. ' Rthidbi;rt,' 
by Bi>-hnp StubU ; Oreeu'i aakiag ot Englaod, 
in. IIT. 235. 2lft.l w. n. 

ETHELBERT, .STHELBERHT, 

vBOELBRIHT, or ALBERT, SAisr (J. 
7!)-l ), kin;: 'jf iht.' Eost-.A nplf*. was ixdicudod 
in 7^-1 by ifat; cummaud ot' Utjn. king of the 
.M.-ttinns ( J.-A'. Otrait. (tub an. 7!)^). To ihia 
dimple ann'juortiiui'nt of th» (.'brutiicliT I'lu- 
r«"in.'i" 'if AVorii-nttT addc Ihut be wo* ihe son 
of Ktn^ .-Ethelr<;d and hia queen Leofranii, 
that he was dear to L'hrist iind Id.ihn-i^l by 
nil mrn, that Ofla «1cw bitn tntocberoiulyt 
Ix'itifi slirrud up to do lO by tus qu«eii Cyne- 
tbryth. and that lie was n>c«iTrd In liMTcn 
ua u martyr (l-'WR. Wio, i. fii>, :J»y). Ilia 
lift) wa« written by Giroldiis Cambronsi*, 
who. as a caiiua of llvrclurd, woe anxiotut to 
do honour to thp ]iatron of bis church ( Of* 
raUii Opera, i. 415, 421. Tbu manuw-ript in 
the C-otton Library, Vtttdl. E. vii., wna copied 
hy Diifi^lalc. and han nowpeiuheil. Dugaala 
sent his copy to the editors of tbv 'Acta 
.Sanctorum, hut they did not helieTr* that 
tho lifv waa the work of Giraldus de Itarri, 
but of somd other and ialt-r canon of Hitc- 
ford callsd Oiraldu*. and ncrordinfrly inserted 
in thvir cillHction the lifn from tlin Uromp- 
' ton compilation, with fiome additions fraia 



•^K^il^ 



Ethelbert 



Ethelbert 



llmworlt of rMrm,!diis ; Itl(RWi:ii. l^n-iiice to 
OiralJi (.hm&. 0/>fm, p. Ill ; Aif/liu Harfti, 
ii. pref. xxii : Acl't 6*.V. Mnii v. 71"). Wil- 
liam iif M Hl'nt^»l>iiry i>av« that Offti sl«w 
/Ktlii*lhprlit in orJir to gain his kinf^nm 
{Of»l'> Itrgum, nw. fi4H, tlist l»wwo<Hii Offn** 
dAiij.;htt;r, that \\i» flonctitrwaj attf^od b^ 
evident si^^ after hi* denth, that liie relics 
adomt-d tht- rathr-dral nf Ilfrefiwd, of which 
h<! wuA tho [lalmi), and that DansUin lield 
liiin lu ri'veiVQCT' (WmM Pfn/tft^Hm, p. -SOd). 
In the li vrv* of Ihc two OfTa^, &«cribed to Mat- 
thow I'arifi, .'Kthelberht, or Albert an h» ta 
there cftllt-d, is said to have bcf-n in%-it(^d by Off* 
t'jcomi'To his ci.»iirt to innrry hiii third d&utrh- 
t'r,,-EIflicd; ihequtyrnadviiwlherhiiihaiKlto 
«Uy him, and whi-a OiraiiidiKiuiotlyrc>jt.<<:t<^d 
hiT cfiuntnd, d»lcnuiiied Lo Uny him hiTwdf. 
Accordingly ehe prepared a teai in her rJiam- 
bw ovf>r H pit, invitptl th« youatf man to 
ooiDfl in and talk wiih hi^r diiug'nt«r, and 
when hp came in bade bim ail Anvn and 
nwkit bcr nrriTaL The m>at fell with him 
into tbe pit, and be waA tlien vUin by thr 
gliani« u-hom ehe bad stationed for the puc^ 
puw ( Vita Offct Secundi, \i. flW). Thu aiunc 
AifTj Kfpe&n, with aoiue xljgbt vari«tionit, in 
tli£ warS of tho Si. ^Vlbans compiler of the 
flmt part of the ' Chroiiicn MnjonL ' (i. 3.V)). 
St. Alhanfl writers, howsTor, h&d gooA K>tiMn 
to adopt n >'LT<(ion of the etory thiit toolc th« 
blame off their founder. Kichard of Oirrn* 
Cwl«r giv«s the k-et-Jid io it£ fullesl form : 
Ottljthcnuun poinI« nfliislong narrative ne<vi 
begivenberc. .i^thelberht, theBonof/KilicI* 
rea and l^corcronica. was brought up ivli- 
ffioualy and Bocceedud to his &iChffr*« taroiio. 
\Vhoii ursed by his couiuellora to marry, !>« 
declared \m prefervncn- for a virgin lifi-j hut 
at last yielded, and n^rm-d to woo Altrida 
(>Elfthryth).thcdAUf!'til*Tof (IBu. Alllinunh 
bismotlu*rwn4a{niQ»t this plan, helrifi liis ca- 
pital, Bttderogt (Bi-drtrh(-*wiirlh, i«fl«^rwan1» 
St. Edmunds Bury), and afU-r a jonrnpy, 
during' wliicb an i'iirtlu|iuik(> and nn (^lipne 
iu vain wanitHl him of liin fat<*, camo to 
' Villn AtntndiV where Offa resided. \Vh«» 
Allrida hivw hfir lover iho brolcD into warm 
expr«MioQH of admimlion, and declirwl that 
her father ought to achnowlislge his RUpr^ 
inacy. Thin disftkaied hvr mothur, who 
thought that there was Home danger l«gt 
Ulfa »haitld bv Fuppluutvd by Itia intended 
a>)n-iii-law. She ihvn'fivr^ |>oi«ODed Offi»'fi 
mind against him, ha ihAt b- accepted the 
offer of a certain OrimbiTt to bIat Iiim. 
jF.thclhcrfat WHS invited to an intcmc'wwith 
lti<^ \mg, and when he came vt» bound, and 
Itcliitul'^d br Grimt»Tt, Hivbody waa buried 
dishonouraoly, but reveali'd it«o!f by a light, 
•nd WM conreywl to lltruford, where it re- 



cviwdhooounble buriftl ; liin head w»apl 
in a RfaritM) in Si. I'tfter's at Wt«lminab 
(SpeniiiiJH nUtoriale, i. 2G2 eq.) Th" eoE 

)>ihiti()u known luc Itronipton'a 'ChniuirM 
las much ihM same etory, with a fuw adc 
tional parlicularv about th<s wuit'« burial 
the bodr with (ht head wai flnii bnriAl q 
one of tKe bankx of th« Lug^. Un the i hit 
night the saint hade a ccTtatn nobl<^ uamt 
Brithfrid to take it up ud cnny it loapli 
iiiime<l }>triitu*-way. A» lie and one 6S hi*' 
friend* were taking it to this plue. tht-liMd 
fell out of thu cart and henl«u a blindj 
Fmally Ihfvburitd the bodvat Feral. 

firvaent Hereford. .Ethelfcerhi's int 
iride brramp n hermit. Oflii repented of I 
iiin, gave much land to the tDUtvr, ' whid 
the church of Her^fonl holds to the pr 
diiy.' frtumU-"! and endowed St. AlbaiUj 
other monaiteries, and tinaUy sought J 
tion by Tiinking liis historic pilfrrii 
llo!iip(llno«rTO!c. col». r4>*-54). 8i. .1!i! 
bt^rhl'n day is I'll Mey. Ilia memory was he 
in ^rejkt honour, vtiiHicially at llcrvford. Ufr 
widi-31 lb*' cnthtHlral tlwre, iK-veral churehea 
were dedimtcd to him, and lus namv 14 lur 
by one of the pftewnv* leading Ut the o tin 
drol at Norwich, Hi« life wm writu-n ' 
C»sbert of Claiv (MS. C, C. C. Cambr. 
CoU. Inly, 0<f. 135; hoc Haildt. Cat.i 
Matrriat-. I. 4y.VC). The MS. Cott. Til 
10. i. in eilber nn abridgmt-nt from the ' Sj 
euluni' of Kicbard of ClMnenr»ter, or ll 
fixindntion i>f hi« narrative ; it waa adopt* 
by Capjn^A'e. Another unimpuriaot nanii- 
srriitt is Ciift, Nen> K. i. 

(.Anclo^ion Phroi.fnl.nD.THa; noreilMi 
Woixmrtsr, i. S2, 2«2(Eaitl. Ht«!.Soc.); WilH 
nf Jlalin**liurv. flosu Rrgum, sw. 8« (I 
IIi«l-S<v t .C^ IVialiflcani, j.. 3l>A(lt»ll*anrJ 
VitmrXTf'Rei'nwli. p. 980. «t. Walls; Chr 
jom. r. 354 ( IJoll* Scr ) ; Riehnwi nf Cir 
Stit«ntamHiiitoriii]o,i.2S2»r^.(K " 
iirBromi'too.TOl*. 7<'Mil. T« ■. 
Xoral-'- ■ '■• ^■'••>>i Did. oi ■.■■. 
arl.'Kt . l;^BiahopSt«bt>«: nrt'ure 

freriK^' I ' I 'imbreitaisOpRm, V p. xl 

p. 407> vbere the Lif« from Brumpt'iu i«j 
with the aanoliila gathured frim thr. InM, 
by tlimldus; Wharton's Aoclin SacM, il 
p, audi; Acta SS. Boll^nd. Mnii r.TI*: Uiiii) 
C*t,of Matwiiils. 1.496-0 (f:yIUS(ir,)l W, H. 

ETITELBERT or .STHELBERHT (< 

SWi. king of the Weat-Saxnna qnd Kentis 
men, the third son of .'Kthvlwulf. Imtw tl 
tit!.! of king in H-W CKemhia tW«r, 
p. tJOR), and probably about that lime BlW_ 
m>ded his eldeft brothrr, /Ktlielhinii. wf 
undtT^kinir of Kent : hi* reign "v"* Ihat 
kinnplnni is. however, spoken of ii' 
in 855, whun his father left En^'^ 



i:r). B_t .Kllielwiilfa will, 
1 1 irih, or tliinl curvivinp. Hrm, 
jtlmuiil lui\f bUL't'i-vilei] to tliB tJironc of Wcj^ 
pM un tbu (]'.'ul)i uf .'KlliflbnUi, and .Elli<>l' 
^iwrht «lioiil(l littve Tvuiiiiii«(l hing <rf K<>nt. 
Th'u) Lrrangomcnl v&», hnwerr-r, not iihkI", 
fttui nn llui d>«th iir-Klhr-DMili] in ¥tKI,.'Kthel' 
red succe'dwi to the W.-sf-^Jtu.in hingsliip, 
uul th« kin^fdom of Kciii was again uoitod 
lo th*' rr-|. uf imutiicm England [wee uodw 
KoKBKTj. In .■KilifU«-rhl's dny«"tho Danca 
ImmImI ia UttlDD^liire, and ut-kvd WiucbcH- 
ler, hut w#i» (k-iw»)*d by thf forc^ of 11 amp- 
tinrv niid H'iltshir*'. I'roLuiMv ju tliu winter 
of HtiJ'& another band of pirates fniiii Gaul 
lu()k uji <|tuirt>T*iiiThiu]«t, uidtbi'Kentiah- 
men offered ihi^iura'iQerrorpfniv, Wt wliil«f 
till:' fviux lasted, though hetorc lh« money 
mx paid, llir*v aii'ldimlj luft their quartera 
and mcajjfxl t (i« t-aatcni jwn of Ki>nt. .Kthcl- 
b«rht liiini in HWl, afU-r reicnin;;; five yearn 
OTBT Wesnci, and, nornrilitig to A*wr, ten 
nan over Kent, and was huried by hiis 
CTOthrr /Kthrlltaldnt. Sherborne. n« isuid 
(o hare Umu a pi'ttctifu), luoiuble, and noble 
lung (.Aheb). 

rA)iglo-&xo&Chroa .Anar.both in Mon. ni«t. 
Bril.; KoBble • Codox Dipt. (Bugl. Iliii. Sue.}] 

ETHELBITRGA or .ffiTHELBtTRH, 

Suvi hf t'-T'''-'). abbv!M i>f Kiirkiii^', ■islor 

■ •' I. v.] or Earmnwald, hUhop 

1'^ jilnwd by bi.'r hivtbtfr to rule 

n ' Ik.' built ml Ilarkinf; in 1'l4?<>x, 

" ' lirriwir worthy of his confidenL-e, 

' :an wa!i for tnt'ii 0.4^1-11 114 women, 

■■* \Win^ in licparate pariA of th« 

I'lirini; thi> p-.tittlencc that fnl- 

■ n.Hl of Whitby in HGi, >EtheI- 

:irslohave9iilleredicv«r'jly. 

^jrics of lhi»1 imo of trouble 

•11 ■ nil li be took from u wrilit-n 

^^1 TinrrativopowcT (fives thf-m Ihi-ir 

'■' Hu ROW on lo dc«:ribo a visiun 

fi at the thhth of ihi- abbt-M, n 

« n winked when her body wok 

' luircb, and her appe^irnnce 

ra. Shp i^snid to han^dii-d 

I. Th«.chiiK:hof.St.Ei!ifl- 

I -L'ate, T.r>ndon, i» said to hn 

1 l.<:-(, lj lit t hia apnear* to be doiibl- 

, . Lttt nays that slie, as well an her 

.Kits bom at tstalliii^im in Lindauy. 

a wfla tiiP dait}(bter of a kintf nautili 

"Hi abc oouit'ilcd him and nnd from 

lifl to »¥«id marriH(f>-, and that when 

iitdihor mad'' htT n}il>-'.>iH of ItarkinfT he 

» fiiT llilili'liili 111 iii-tnici her iu nionoBLic 

ticca, liet day ii 11 (.lot. 

UiiL ErI. Ir. 7.10; AiM SB. Bol- 




land. (Vt. r. 049 v|. ; 0-tpgrave's Sova I.<Geriui8, 
I 130 i Dugil«lo'» Mgnaaiicoo. i. iZQ.] W. U. 

KTHELDEEDA, Suxt <<^P^70), 
qiiccuof NortUumbnaandabbeMofl-Jly, wua 
one of tht! fourenintfrddati{rbtf!r8,appQWnllT 
the Ihii-d.cf Auua,kiiig of Ku*t AiighA, ' vir 
upciniufl>nt4|iieoptiiniB^-mlor6obQlia (n.fiDA, 
JJut. EcrLiit. \^). llnroirn uniue, the female 
formof .'Ktheldryht — 'uolil>-ir'Mijt' — uppears 
in such variations us /Elhelthnth, ,'Kthol- 
drythe, yKtii.ddritha, -IMilthrjdR, Ethel- 
dr,'th,E(lelburdi(t34iUAU),and.\udr%*. The 
names of her sister* were Sexbur^a ^q. v.j, 
wife of Krconberl, king of Kent, who suo- 
ce«^ded her as abbess of Ely ; EtbelbuTg^ 
('fiHiL uatumlis'), abboMof Formoutier,- and 
\Vithburgtt [*\. v.J.a reclasv of Eii>t I'urehajn, 
Norfolk. According; to Thomas of Ely, Ethel- 
dreda was bum ut Exniug, utor Nuwmarketf 
on the borders of KulTolk and (.'uinbndi^iMhire 
(WUABIOM, Anglia Sacra, i. 59"). She de- 
Mre*) Ui devote henelf to a life of mligion, 
and it was with ^raox. r^lucIancM ihsl two 
yearv before ber fother Anna's death, which 
took plae« in Qi>\, ahe Kicame at a very early 
atce liie wife of Tonbert, the prince of tho 
Southern Gyr\ii. or fi>n countrymen, wbo 
occupied South Cambridgeabire. Eroui hur 
husband she received ns her joialur« or 
' moniiiij* Qiil' the whole of ihu Islo of Ely. 
Acci;rdiu^ to Il;cda, the marna^e with Ton- 
bert, as well as her suhsMiuont union with 
Egfrid, n-HJi only nominal ( B.I3>A, llitt, Ecci, 
iv. 10). Tonbert died in 65,1. After five 
Te&rs of widowbooti, xpent al ber home at 
V.ly in rcligiftua aeelusinn, Etheldreda wii.i in 
Wib soui[ht by Oewy, kinpof Xorthumbria, 
lis wife for his oldt'St M>n E>;fnd, then a bor 
offnurtenn. It. waa an alliance which on jtoL- 
lioal proiinds I he J-^aat-Anglian princess waa 
not fTL-e to refuse, and the youthful widow waa 
unwillingly cwnpelled lo leave her rvli^ous 
•(•elusion for the Northiunbrifln court. The 
morning gift sho rocetved from i%frid waa 
land at ll>'xluun, vhidi she aflerwarda gave 
1-1 ^Vilfrid for the urection of tho minster of 
Si, Andrew ( Rich, of Heiram, J ;i). Ten 
vt-tiTH after (heir marria^'o EjftVid succeeded 
liid father as king of Northumbriji. With a 
natural deaire for the wif.dy c»Tnpanion«hip 
of hiH <iueen, be called in i lie aid of Wilfrid, 
who -VKS very high in Etlieldrada's regard, 
to induce hur to fulfil her duty in lliv fiate 
of life to wbicli God had called her. In Wil- 
frid'd eyes this wilful rejection of all wifely 
dutie* appear^nl a token of aii[wri<)r Miiictity. 
The promise of land and monay, if he auc- 
oeeded in his embasaagp, was quite tncflec- 
tiial to more htm. Etheldreda had choiea 
the belter port, fhtm whicb be dared not 

09 



Etheldreda 



20 



Etheldreda 



Jivcrt her. At last, after two years of fruit- 
less negotiations, the wronged husband's con- 
sent was extorted that Ltheldreda should 
betake herself to a monastic life. The mo- 
nastery she chose was that of Coldingham, 
Berwickshire, recently founded by her aunt, 
St. Ebba [q. v.], near the headland which, with 
«, change of the initial vowel, perpetuates her 
name. Here she received the veil iromWilfrid 
{B.E»A,u.B.;FLOK.Wio.anno67ii;THOMA8 0F 
ELY,apudWiiARTOir,i. 699). After the lapse 
of a year a fresh attempt on the part of Egtrid 
toenforce his conjugal rights prompted Ethel- 
dreda's sudden flight southwards. Barely 
«scapingherhust)and'Bhands,with two female 
companions she crossed the Ilumber, and con- 
tinued her journey across Lincolnshire till 
she reached the marshy fastness of Ely. Ac- 
cording toalater story, Etheldreda'sflight was 
aided by miraculous events, some of which 
are represented in the can'ings of the lantern 
of the minster of which she was the foun- 
dress. The then almost inaccessible island 
having been attained, Etheldreda felt herself 
free to accomplish herlong-cherisheddesirejn 
the foundat ion of a monastic house, a.d. 67.% 
This, according to Thomas of Ely, though 
Bieda is silent on the point, was formed after 
the model of Coldingham and Whitby for 
religious persons of both sexes. The place 
chosen, tho same authority informs us, was 
tho site of a church-the onlyone on the 
wholo ish— which an untrustworthy Ely 1^ 
I.n.U>*cribodtoSt.Augu8tine,andwhichhad 
Cm nventlv destroyea by Penda of Mercia. 

TI i^ ."inrch-and >»o^«7/'?f r^^.^^ 
„"rtM bv the material aid of. her cousin, 
«nnw Y and the spiritual counsel 

King .\ dulf [i\. I ;J' ""J^tuilt from the foun- 
. „f h..r '•I'M' » ". "^;i\Xhe isle. Her old 
''^'- '■"^;'^^S WlSestablished her as 

hi no. V iit to llome, ho -curelP-dege^ 



r; 



for.. iisret«ni>«e^^.«^^^ ^ ^^.^ 

part icuUrs of *^<i«^^^ ,her with details 
wasof thes nct^t k^nd toB^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ 

<if hor last ''l^^^'-jL-j During the six years 
^^"^"SAeneylr^orelineibut 
,h„, she 7"»;^i5;^ indulged in a warm 
onlv w«oI. She Beiaorn^ ^ ^^^ 

hatli. o^«'Pt/" TosJ^^ons she was the 

[^tt^irfhr^s^es^^^^^^ 



«wn hwide or those < 



seldom ate more than once in the dav, except 
on the greater solemnities, or under some 
grave necessity ; and it was her constant rule, 
unless sickness hindered, to remain in church 
at prayer from the matin 8er\'ice, said soon 
aft«r rnidnight, until sunrise. Her death was 
caused by one of the recurring pestilences, 
which Bssda tells ns Etheldreda predicted, 
and indicated the exact number of those who 
were to die of it in her society. One of the 
sjnnptoms of her last illness was a large bubo, 
or swelling below the jaw. When Cynifrid 
came to lance it, recalling her early life as 
an I'^ast^Anglian princess, she expH»aed her 
satisfaction atthe nature of her malady, which 
Rbe regarded as a penance sent by divine 
mercy to atone for her vouthful vanity in 
dress, ' Once," she said, * 1 used to wear vain 
nf cklaces round my neck, and now, instead 
of gold and pearls, God in his goodness has 
weighed it down with this red burning swell- 
ing. She wns buried at Ely by her own 
desire in a coffin of wood. In 695 her sister 
and successor, Sexburga, determined to trans- 
late Etlieldreda's corpse and enshrine it in a 
coffin of stone as a more worthy receptacle. 
After a long and vain search a suitable coffin 
was found, fitting her remains as accurately 
asifithadbeen madoforthem, at Grantches- 
ter, near Cambridge. To this coffin Ethel- 
dreda's remains — which Basda relates, on Cy- 
nifrid's authority, were found undecayed, 
even retaining the mark of the incision he 
had made on her neck— were transferred with 
great pomp, and became the means of many 
miraculous cures. The present cathedral of 
Ely was subsequently erected over her tomb. 
What Dr. Briglit justly terms ' her unhealthy 
aversion for wedded life as such,' secured for 
Etheldreda a very high place in the annals of 
hagiology. B.ncda himself composed a long 
hymn in elegiac metre in laudation of her 
eminent virtues: 

Noptraqiioqiiecgregiajam tempora virgoboavit: 
JEdiltbryJa nitct nostra quoqne einvgiA. 

(Hitl. EcH. iv. 20.) 

' Etheldreda ViiTJo' is recorded in the Roman 
calendar on 23 June. The translation of her 
body is obser\pd on 17 Oct., which is popu- 
larly kept as St. Etheldreda's, or by vulgar 
contraction, St. Awdr>-'s day. It deserves 
notice that the familiar word ' tawdry,' to 
characterise cheap hnery, has its origin in 
the showy goods, especially lace, sold at St. 
Awdry's fair. 

Etheldreda's steward, Wine, Owin, or 
Ovinus,who accompanied Etheldreda in 660 
from East Anglia to Yorkshire, on her mar- 
ria^ to Egfrid, sharing his mistress's re- 
ligious devotion, became a monk under St. 



Ethelfleda 



21 



Ethelfleda 



Chad at Lastincham, and followed him to 
Lichfield. The Dase of his moDumental pil- 
lar, bearing an inscription recording his name, 
is still preserved in the south aisle of Ely 
Cathedral. 

[Bteds Hist. Eccl. iv. 3, 19, 20 ; Thomfts Eliena. 
ap, Wharton, Angli» Sacra, i.S91 sq.; W, M«lm., 
Gesta Pontiff, pp. 322-3 ; Bright'i Early Engl. 
Church Hist pp. 161, 230, 236, 251.] E. V. 

FTHELFLEDA, .^TTHELFL^D, or 
MLFLED id. 918 ■'), the ' ladyof the Mer- 
cians,' the eldest daughter of King Alfred 
and Ealhswith, was given in marriage by her 
father to .^Ethelred, the ealdorman of the 
Mercians, in or before 880 (Kehole, Codejr 
IHpl. p. 311). Her marriage is politically 
important, for it led to the completion of 
the union of Mercia with Wcssex under the 
West-Saxon kings, and should be compared 
with the marriage of her aunt -Ethelswith, 
the daughter of yEthelwulf, to Burhred, the 
king of the Mercians. With Burhred's de- 
parture from England the Mercian kingship 
virtually ended, for his successor, Ceolwult, 
was a mere phantom king set up by the 
Danes. As soon as .-Elfred had won western 
Mercia he gave it, along with his daughter's 
hand, to j^!!theIred,amemberof the old Mer- 
cian royal bouse, intending tu rule it through 
his 8on-in<1aw as ealdorman, as .^Ethelwulf 
had probably ruled it to some extent through 
his son-in-law Burhred as under-king. After 
her brother Eadward had come to the throne, 
^Ethelflsed and her husband, for the two 
seem to have acted with equal authority 
(I'A. 1081), strengthened Mercia again.st tlie 
Danes by fortifying and colonising Cheater 
in 907 ; this step put them in command of 
the lower Dee, and enabled them to hinder 
the Danes and the Northmen of Ireland from 
passinpfrom North Wales into the Danelaw, 
when the Danes broke the peace in 910, it 
is probable that ^'^thelred was ill ; his wife, 
however, seems to have led the Mercians 
either- in that year, which was marked by 
Eadward's victory at Tetteuhall, or in the 
next jear, when the English were victorious 
St Wodenfield, to have joine<l in routing a 
combined force of Danes and Norwegians, 
and to have pursued the enemy into the 
forestsof the 'Welsh bonier (/mA^'rff^jiK^M^a). 
About the same time possibly she made al- 
liance with the Scots of Ireland and with 
the Weliih against the pagans, and built a 
strongliold at ' llremesbyrig ' (? A.-S. Chron. 
Canterbury; 'Brunesbur^-,' IIenry ofHcnt- 
IXGDOX). During the illness of -Ethclred 
it is wild that Chester was attacked by the 
Northmen. Ilingamund, or Ingwar, n chief 
. of the Norwegians (Lochlonns), had come 



over from Ireland and ravaged Anglesea in 
902 {Ann. Cambrmtea, sub an. 90^ ; he 
had ^terwards been defeated by the Welsh, 
prayed ^thelflsed to allow him and his people 
to settle in her dominions, and obtained leave 
to settle near Chester. After a while he and 
his men coveted the wealth of the new colony,, 
and prepared to attack it. The ' king' and 
* queen, as the Irish called the ealdorman 
and his wife, bode their men defend the town, 
and they did so with courage and success. 
Moreover, ^thelfleed won tne Irish Danes 
(Gaidhil) to her side against the pagan Nor- 
wegians, sending to them to remind them 
that she and the ealdorman had treated their 
soldiers and clerks with honour. This de- 
cided their success, and the siege was raised 
{Irish FroffTtients. It seems unpossible to- 
speak certainly as to the date of these trans- 
actions ; they are given in this place because- 
they are said in the Irish story from which 
they come to have happened during the last 
iUness of ^thelred. It seems possiole, how- 
ever, that this siege of Chester has nothing 
to do with JEthemxd'B life, and that it should 
come in the latter part of Eadward's reign), 
yEthelfloid lost her husband, who had for 
a long time been incapacitated by sickness, 
either in 911 or 912 (A.-S. CXro/i., Canter- 
bury, Worcester, and Abingdon versions ; 
Flobekce ; .i^jTHELWeard) ; she was left with 
one daughter, after whose birth it is said that 
she declined incurring the risk of again be- 
coming a mother, declaring that the bringing 
forth of children did not become a king^- 
daughter (Gesta Regum, sec. 125). She and 
her huBhand brought up their nephew /Ethel- 
stan at their court. After ^Ethelred's death 
she continued to rule Mercia, with the title 
of the ' Lady of the Mercians,' but the king- 
joined London and Oxford, with the lands 
pertaining to them, to Wessex. .(i-jthelflied 
now set herself to secure Mercia ^irainst the 
attacks of the Danes and Northmen by build- 
ing fortresses which would hinder them from 
en teringthecountry from North AVales, where 
they found allies, or by the principal roads 
that led into central England. First, in 912, 
sheset about the defence of the middle course 
of the Severn, leading her people to Scargate 
in May, and there building {\hio word ' getim- 
brede'signifies more than raising earthworks) 
a fortress; and in the same year she built 
another at Bridgnorth, close by which place 
the village of Danesford slill testifies to the 
cause of her work. The next year she raised 
two fortresses on Watling Street, the road 
that formed the boundary between England' 
and the Danelaw, the oncat Tamworth, where- 
the road bifurcates, one branch leading to- 
Wroxeter and the other to Chester, and 



Ethelfleda 



«x 



Ethelfrid 



'befim Lammas' tli« oilier al Suflbnl, itie 
■tone ford by which the Chester road cro*>*-J 
xhr:\il\\i:t'i\'vtSow ( Vow/.v/ Jinylart'I.p.'MW 
It ii- (Evident that she had pli>ii(y f^f irimhle 
with the Wrl«h, for in fil4 the fortifiRil E<1- 
(iiiibury, itniUMlialely to thn mouth of iho 
Wearer, Dad 'ntwr harrert'pianiwlrfntral 
Hvrcia, barring iiivadoTK rrom thv Fofw wnv 
br planttng a sarriiuni ac Warwifk, whRT«i 
aae DuUt&'buru.'tlUlcammemonf'd by the 
Urgo iwrt Iiwfirli li4-twe«n the present tj>wii 
and the Avon iib. i>0*i). She next built Cher- 
burr and WBrbiirr, and then fortified Itiin- 
corn on the oHttuirr of the Merwy. In 91tJ 
thv inflicted a Bevere Wow ou the Wi-Uh of 
Gvont; bcr armr Btormnl Brecknock, and 
took Ibe kind's wife aud tliirty-fvurutbtfre pri- 
ftrintTA. TluarictoryprobaMy put nn t-ad to 
thu iroublcH ou Lbo WL-stcrti border nf Mciruia, 
ItT the 'lady' now tiimitl on thv Diiiiiitli 
Dooffidency of tbc Five ItDmughii and laid 
aicsa to Hrrby, wbrn* tlio kinp of Gwent ia 
aaiu to have taken Hlii'lM'r. Tho tovn waa 
taken br storm, and four of .'Eth«!flK<!'iilli<>gU4 
were aUin within the ^Tm, which eaiu^d 
her great sorrow ; tbe co»<}iieet of (he town 
brought with It tbc dominion of all tha dis- 
trict porttiinine to il. Early tho next year, 
Ervjbutjlv yiH, ijeice*ter wm nurrendernl to 
t-r, anj a large [larL of ih^ Danee thnrn bf^ 
caiut? mhjpct. to her. Tbt* ]>iti)n« of York also 
made peace with her, and hound themftelrca 
bv tinlli III iiWv bf-r. Shortly after this she 
died at hrr nolace at Tamworth on 12 June, 
ill thr I'iphlh yz-nr of her sole rule, and waa 
hiirif-d at >if. IVrpr's n: Glouot'stt-r, She was 
wiite, ju*t, and ri;ibteous, and wulk<'d in tho 
way* of hfT fatln-r. Aftur her death Kad- 
ward took the Stercian ()Atdormiui«)iip into 
his own bnnil, snd carried away b« daughter 
jElfwvn into Wcsws. In one'( (be \Viin-Ii.»- 
ter)veniio» oft lieolironifh.'. El Lt'llla'd's death 
is given under O'J'J ; this datt% Ihongh some- 
liuii'B adoptud (Cvngurtt 'if £tiffiana, ^ li*l)f 
can j*rarci-ly Ix* Mirrwt, for tho Worcester 
cbtoniclt/r ■UD'^igns it lo 9]$,^'tli<^wi«r«), tho 
'Cambrian AnnaU,'ftndtbt?'Annat»of (.'1st «r' 
to thai year or the vear hi-fon*. and Horenee 
to DID; am) ai it is ortaiii thai .Kthctrvd 
died either in Oil or 012. and that hiswiilow 
di»>d in the fiphtb yi-ar of bi-r mAv guvL'rn- 
ment^itisinpos«iblethHttb)'datoorhfrdr-ath 
should be ]at«r than 919, whila the balance 
of authorities inclines diH-id(.-dly lo 916. 

[Aoglo-Kixon Chroa.. especially thn KtrciAn 
Anaals iiiM-nrd in Colt. Til>er. A. >-i., and the 
Worcrfclrr rcr»ioti; Fliimiwof WoretstcrlCagl, 
JlUi. ^H'.^.-nilliatnofMalmrabnrr.OHialteKum 
(Engl. Hist. Hoe): Ilmry orUaBlingilo&.JGllir). 
weaiid, Annaln CamltTiiM^^i, Una. JliO-. Bnl.; 
TkiwFnffmcDlaof Iriiib Histoij t^ DnbhaUacb 



Miu-FnlnM|tb,ed. (VDoooranfIri:<h.ATv!4a«l.i 
Celtic Hoc.): lAppeDfaeri*'B Angl^^nxoa, 
ii. 9&~eti ; Orwa\ Ooaaonl of Hngluxl, r 
IM-207.) 

ETHELFRID, iETHELFRITH» 
AEPILFRLD (-/. 617), kinj; uf ib^ Nor 
umbrians, called Hvftjur* (Neshiub, c. 63 
tho «pn of jEthtlrit: uf Ilvniiria, who_ 
qupn^l Dcim i.i.-S. droit., Fuminst 
an. f>HH>, and ritigncd over butb the '. 
umbrian peoples, aurceeded hix falhiT in . 
Jlo wiisted tliu Uritiab mare than any Kn 
Ii«h king thai bad bwn Wforv bira, eitfa^ 
driving tlKm out and putlin}; Knglinhttltle 
in thrir place, or subdninc them and m&kiil 
them tributary (;R.rn,*,//MA fix;/. i.S4). 'I 
linrt of his wars of which (here i» any n-oov 
waa aj^inst an invader. The^tnof Di 
riada, whom kingdom lay to the east uf tl 
Prumalbao range, and euendi-d a* tar niN 
as the mouth vt LoL-b I>.'\-en. had now rii 
to CMUiderable pnwrr uikIit iWir kin^, Aid 
[q. T.], au(l had driven the Knglihh out 
tbttdehatabhi diiatnct calk-d Muunnn to tl 
south of the Firth nf Forth. In t{U» Aidl 
marcluKi at the head of a e^eat hottof S<: 

Britons, and Irish into I.iddfftlale, on t| 

border between Itemiria imd Stnthclrdo. 
jT»M'lfri(li met (he invaders at a iibici-collad 
UK^raa^lanc. and ntuiD«t rntirely deelroved 
them, though his brotbtirTliMdiKl^, til so called 
ICnufraiih I'lian ERX.to, sub an. itOU), 
slain, and llw part of i1k< army under 
Ifoden-hiji was ovenhrown. The EngL 
vJ!-tiiry woj'di.'cJMve.foT Bs^a says ihalAoi 
that limn on to hiit own day (i'^l) no kin 
iif Si-ot« darvd tO enter Uritain to gi^ « baltl 
to the Knglidh. Pirg»a»tano is ihobL 
bably I'awston.' in Liddesdak-. where (writ 
Mlunding stoups on NineStoiii.' lti« and 
the neighbourhood and ft huge cairn may 
tukfn as marking the ititi? of tbt- batlh-,wh 
ihcf.' are bIm strong earthworku not fari 
(SxiuSK, OHic Scotlanif, p. 162). It is 
siblc that up to this linii< .Kthelfrith 
btfeii fully eugagvd in the nonhnrn port i 
his dominioiui, and bnd liiid little leisure i. 
aaavrt his power in Di'ira, and thnt rfiT< vii 
lory enabled him lo bring the li' 
father had taken from tho sonf oi 
imui(>diat0 dependence ui^m liimu^lt; li 
is sail! (XENNitTB, c <'m)i that be v'nt 
twelve years in Berucich (B<^micia) and i 
olhor twelve in Iteur (Dinra). In 1113 
cxtfndi<d hi*- kingdom liithev ■ 
morcbM on I'liMlcr with a 1 
W«Uh pive him battb', nn.i ■,■.•!, 
with yrviit dlnuiihter. lterorethcbatl)t.<l 

vCtbellrithaaw the monk* of it" \' 

whiTv there was a vast mor.' 
containing omrtwo tho luoudL. -11^ 



I lilllu n'nTotrei]|;ageil lu pruvtT iVir 
rnfMM of tluiir ojuntrt'ui*'!!. ^^'lluu he 
(u l»l[) ili(> r«KBun nf Ihfir i>ouiiug, bo said: 
' If ilivy prrty t<> tiiL-ir Ood n^iimt us thvy 
irv our vni.'inirH, fVfin tliniipii (Ii'-y ili> nitt 
bmr amu, hM-A»!N> thi^v Ught a^in&l as with 
tlieir ciirtea,' and lie bade bia men full on 
first. It i* ta'iA Iliot al)oiit twi^hvhun- 
Lof lluitti nvro .alAJn, und ilieir (<laii^liler 
^^ Bel"! to b*> tbp fiiltlltneut of f li* pnipb»cy 
ltt«vwl hy Aii(ni«lin« when lliOi abbot. Dinolu 
tn'l bi« monliH rnfuM-d w fij«ont i«i his d^ 
lands. Two WoUh liinf^ fell in tliis battle 
[n^sOA. i. 2 i Ti«iii:h>'ac, sub an. tJ13). 
tfKtbelfntbw-iunhfjtllimi. It.^mnPriMIteblie, 
[>iii whom tbu lowD of Bumbumugrb. lliu 
r>r Ihu IkTiiiriiin kingn, is »ii] to 
I il9 nainf , and Aclio, the dialer of 
[J..,..,,,,. .11. v.], bv wbnm hsf bad wi-*n w>nii 
ind ■ dnucitft-T, Kbl»e or -Kbb*', f-niiider and 
of t'obiingbom. Thr** of liis sobh, 
ritb, rVwald, iind O^wiu, became kinj^ 
slfriib [n.rv.fut'.Hl Kndwiiio, rb« n-pn- 
itatiTt> of the roval liouw? of Deira, and 
riisl to pi^Ruudf! It.-i'dwnld, iin^ of Eofit 
loglia, with wliiira be hnd Inkrii rnfuKii, to 
jivi> liim up. Ibrdwald ppfiwt-d, nnd marched 
uiiBt bill! in*jl7 V-ron* be bud ollwU-d tbo 
irlmli- BtTvn^h of bU kln^dnm. .KlU>irrith 
Jwnld's oriDT by tlie river Idle, on the 
kn border, and wni dcfi-uted nnd Alain, 
^i^nvd twi>tity-lour ytion, uid wu nio- 
f*di.".i by Eadwim?. 
jBv-lsHial. KfvWn. i.e. 34. ii.e.3, I3(EdkI. 
IttU ?oe.); Anslo-S^'iH Ohron,, eab nnn. rtG3, 
(I7;l' - ■' Wurec*t«r, i.lI.XflS; Neaniua. 
K'- it. S(ic>: Add. TigbariMC. «d. 

J . ; .\tu), CnnibrFiiMii, Man, lint, 
•f. (i.tJ; Sk'ni-'s CVliio StfUlond. i. 160; 

/» M.ikiliC 111" I Jiglnni!, tny IftS, 232, 348- 

S! 1 W. H. 

_^lIELaA£, .SXHELGAR. or AL- 
(J. ItlHJb nrcblMobop of L'-ont'-rbiirv, 
lunnli nf Oluioiibury, wh?n> h^.' catn^ 
W th« infliivncv "f Hunsliin uud -Htliel- 
roUl, aftcrwanl.* hUbop of Witicliwtwr, and 
part of the new cfinBTi?giniou that 
Iwold ^tberrd ronnd him at Abinji- 
WJwn, in IXU, -Eilnilwold iiinii-d the 
tint clcrjry oiil. of Ne»-miiiat'-r (Elyde 
_f>.Hrur \V 1 ' ■ -. and put mgakE in 
[1»uf:f>, bv > lit'lj^nr to lx> abbot 

I Imhim. .1: i'.);i-. iniiht ihtTpfoTp he 
a* onr nf the iwrly that introduced 
, ril.i,irvp(i,-,»,-,f rbp lti:-ni-di<-line rule 
;i he did not adopt the 
mailer. I'^tlielwolJ. lie 
' Ji -rv, and wai" fons-d by 

if tb« hLoLop and chapter 
111 I'oundali'm lu purchase 

llti ^ -'- als uianca uf gold for 



.web fooH Oetta J^nr{ff.^A~a). OnL>May 
i)vO ho was oaneovralud hisbop of Sclsey, iba 
tjuuth-Saxon *««, and did not diiipoM«-]M th« 
canons of his chunrh. HBeuccM>di>dI>unsI«n 
a« ■rebbi.->livpor(_'»iil<^rhurviiWnt (h»n)iddl« 
of Oi^, and n-eni to lionH fnr bift pall eitb«r 
in that or Ike next yoar, raitins Iho obbvyof 
St. Il.'iiin, near St. OmeTf boib on his out*> 
ward jourim' and on bia retum, Elia giflu 
lo this moDiuti^ry werv ho lai^if that iba 
iibbol Kpokti of him a» itx patron, and di'clanKt 
that iu reetoration Tvaa due to his mutiifi- 
cenca Ho appeOTA to hare bnm n man o( 
Wniinic aud }|>rnero»ity. JI« died ou 13 t'eb. 
IKtQ, afti^r a jmntilicotc of one year and tfare« 
niuntlui (S re DBS). 

jAniilo-^'Msoti Cbron.. nub ann. 9S0, 9I1S; 
Fl-.Tinci- of Wurewier. i. 148, US {Kn|[l. HUc 
Hon.); William of Sfaluetibury, Ocata R^guiOt 
i. 314 (Ertg). IlbiL Hue.). OeHtaPcntifictim. pp.33, 
173, '205 (iUilUSi-r.)^ Stahhs'sUemorialsoft^t. 
Dunitou. pp. SSS-B; ChroD. do Abin|:duu, ii. 
2(!1 (Rolb S*r.); Liber do Hyde, p. 162 (Kolla 
Sot.); Keiublv'a Codex Dipl. pp WS-BCi.pnssim ; 
Uook'a Arcbbishopa of Caal«rbnry, i. 127 sa.\ 

W. U. 

ETHELOrVA (J1, 966). [See JElf- 
oinr.j 

ETHELHAUD. .^TTHEIjHEARD, 
ADKLAKB. or KDELRED ( rf. H>'>). arch- 
bishop of t-'anti-rhury, a Mtrciftu I'ithf'r bv 
birtbor at luo^t in fi-vUng, waaabbot of ' Illua' 
(Sim EOS op l)ui{HJiM,t..titJ7),eitherLydd in 
Kent, or monM>njbab1y Louth in Lincolnshire. 
William of Mitlitii^bury'M oMt^rtion that he 
was abbot of Malmesbury and afterwards 
biitbop of \Vinciii.rj.ter I'lintiol be airn-ft for 
ehroriolii^^inkl rMMOti* i^lxtie^iutiml J>i>tfU- 
menU, iii. 4tis). He was eU'Ctud to tlio hcu of 
Ca-Tittrbiin' on the death of Arehhi>li')p ,Iiien- 
btTbt in 7if\, but was not cotuiecmtcd until 
n July 793 (FijORBJfCB, i. 63). Tlii- d.lav 
was evidently thi^ rt'tult of the dLilike witli 
wbicb the Kenlisbmen r>>i^rded th« Mercian 
dominalion. OtFa^kin^of Me^ciil,whovnfl<•n- 
d^,'avJu^irJl^•'J''tP-'tlg'ii''nlli8powe^overthe^I, 
hod diminished the dip^nity of CnntcTburj- 1^ 
persuading I'upe IluiJriaii to ervct Mercian 
LichRfl'] into II third metropolitan see, which 
was held by Hy^berbt, and ho now hopvd, 
by procHTin^ the cli-rl ii)n of oni; of hil own 
party to Canterbury, to secure the suimk'ss of 
this arranffeoient, and to increoae bin ]Kiw«r 
over Kent throut^li the inntru mentality of the 
urchbiahop. The clerjiy and nobles of Kent 
baL«d the .Mercian rule, and their hatred wao 
no doubt inteiisiBcd by the injury OUa bad 
don« thnir c-burcl). It ts probable, ttu>refore, 
that they dill all they could to hinder.Klhcl- 
heard frum receiving coiuM:r«tit>u £raiu the 



Ethelhard 



24 



Ethelhard 



Mercian archbishop of Lichfield. After hie 
eoasecration, whicti was doubtless performed 
by Hygberht, ^^thelheanl receivea a letter 
from Alcuin f^. v.], who constantly corre- 

Znded with him, exhorting him to a faithful 
:hargB of his duties (Mortum^nta Alcui- 
niana, p. 202). He was in favour with OfFa, 
for the Frankish king Charles (Charlemagne) 
requested him to use his influence with the 
king on behalf of certain English exiles ; and 
hia consecration seemed to hare secured the 
success of Oflti's policy, for at the council of 
Clovesho in 794 nis name was appended to 
B charter below that of Hygberht, nis senior 
in office (^Eccles. Documenfi, iii. 4fU, 485). 
In 796, liowever, Eadberht Prien [q. v.] made 
an insurrection in Kent, and the same year 
OlTa died, and was succeeded by his son Kcg- 
frith, who in December was succeeded by 
Cenwulf. j^thelheard, as a strong partisan of 
Mercia, was in considerable danger in Kent, 
and Alcuin wrote to him beseeching him not 
to desert bis church. Nevertheless, in 797 
he was a fugitive at the Mercian court, and 
Alcuin wrote to the Konttsbmen urging them 
to receive him back (ib. p. 509). With the 
death of Offa the importance of the Mercian 
archbishopric decayed. Now that the Arch- 
biflbop of Canterbury was a strong adherent 
of the Mercian king, there was no longer any 
reoson for keeping up the schism in his pn> 
Tince,and it seemed betteriwlicytostrengtlien 
and make use of the vast influence attached 
to his oflice. Mercian bishops began to pro- 
fess obedience toCanterbury, and ^rlthelheard 
wrote to Leo III to obtain tlie restoration 
of the rights of his see (if), pp. 606, 623). Cen- 
wulf in 798, the year of Eadberht's defeat and 
capture, wrote to Leo to consult him as to the 
termination of the schism. Leo in his answer 
declared the primacy ofCanterbury((7'. p. 5:*4), 
On thesuppressiou of therevoIt/Ethelheard re- 
turned to Canterbury, and shortly aft er\vardfl 
received a letter from Alcuin congratulating 
him on bis return, and recommending him 
to do penance for having deserted his church, 
to consult Eanbald [see Eanbai.d II], arch- 
bishop of York, as to the restoration of unity 
in his province, and so to arrange matters 
that, while re^'aininp the right of ordaining 
bi8hoi)9 throughout it, ho should yet leave 
Ilygberht the pall he had received from Rome. 
The next yuaryElhelheard presided at a coun- 
cil at Celchytli (Chelsea). In spite, however, 
of the pope's declaration, lie was not yet in- 
vested with primatial dignity, for, at a coun- 
cil held shortly afterwards at Tamworth, his 
name was still written after that of Hyg- 
berht (Kbmble, G>dex Dipl. 1020). In 'ac- 
cordance with Alcuin's advice he took coun- 
sel with Eanbald, and determined to go to 



Rome to lay his case before the pope. He left 
England in 801 {A.-8. CAron. sub an. 799), 
and journeyed in company with two bishops 
and two thegne. Alcuin took a lively interestr 
in his ioumey, sent a servant with a horsa 
and his own saddle to meet him at St. Josse- 
sur-Mer or St. Judoc's, a cell he had at 
QuentaviCf or Etaples in Fonthieu,and wrots 
to the Emperor Cnarles on hia behalf. The 
archbishop was honourably received by Leo^ 
who on 18 Jan. 802 gave him a letter con- 
tinuing all the ancient rights of his see 
(Eccles, Document*, Hi. 536), and when be 
had left Rome wrote to Cenwulf praising his 
high character and ability, and the holmess 
of his life and conversation, and informing 
the king that he had restored the rights of 
the see, which had, it appears, suffered in 
property as well as dignity, and bad given 
the archbishop authority to excommunicate 
tninsgre6sors((A. p.538). Alcuin again wrote 
to ^Ethellieard, congratulating him on hia 
success and his safe retuni,and praying him 
to be firm and active. In a council held at 
Clovesho in October 803 the rights of Can- 
terbury were acknowledged, ana the metro- 
politan dignity was taken away from Lich- 
field. A record of another act of this council, 
dated two days later, is attested bv Hygberht, 
an abbot of tiie diocese of Lichfield. It may 
therefore be assumed eitber that Hy^berbt 
voluntarily divested himself of his dignity, 
or that .(Jithelheard, in spite of Alcuin's ad- 
vice, followed up his victory by the deposi- 
tion of his rival, .^thelhcards last public 
act is dated 805 ; he died on 12 May of that 
year, and was buried in the chapel of St. 
John the Baptist in his cathedral church 
(Gervasb). His coins, of which eight tj-pes 
are extant, are rare; some of them are in- 
scribed '.-EdiUieard Pont.' instead of 'Ar.,' 
and it has been suggested that they belong 
to the period between lus election and con- 
secration (Kekvos; liccleeiattical Docu- 
mentt). 

[Anglo-Saxon Chron.. sub nnn. 791, 789; 
Florence of Worcester, i, 62-4 (Engl. Hist. Soc.); 
Simeon of Durham, p. 667,Mon. Hist. Brit. ; Wil- 
liam of Malmeaburv, Gestii Pontificum, pp. 67- 
£9, 160. 389 (Rolls Ser.) ; Uaddan and Stubbs'* 
Councils and Kcclcs. Docuraents, ill. 467-653, 
contains nli the mora important docnmenta of 
.^tbelhenrd's arch i episcopate, with references to 
Kemble'ji Codex Dipl., and with the correspood- 
ence between him and Alcuin, which will b» 
found along with other notices of jEthelheard 
in the MoDumenta Alcuin., cd. Jafl%; kb also 
the Honumenta Carolina, p. 352 ; Diet, of Chris- 
tian Biog., art, ' Ethelhard,' by Bishop Stubbs ; 
Anglia Sacra, i. 5.3; Gervase, col. 1642,TwyBden; 
Hook's Archbishops, i. 254 ; Hawkins's Silver 
Coins, ed. Eenyon, p. 103.] W. H. • 



Ethelmaer 



25 



Ethel red 



ETHELMJGB (d. 1260). [See Aymek 
for Mtheimxs) db Valence (or de Lu- 

BIOSAS).] 

'EUBSIMMR, ELMER, or MIMER 
(rf. 1187), also called Heelbw:n, ascetic 
writer, was made prior of Christ Church, 
Canterbury, in 1128, and is said to have been 
a man of great piety and simplicity. His 
simplicity led him to take the part of Arcli- 
bishop William of Corbeuil in a dispute he 
had with the convent in 1136 about the 
church of St. Martin at Dover (Gebvabe, 
i. 98). He died 11 May 1137. The name 
Elmer is evidently a corruption of the old 
English name .^^theUneer. Leland saw two 
works by him, a book of homilies and a trea- 
tise, ' De exercitiis spiritiialis vitte.' The 
report on the Cottonian Library has under 
OtTio A.xii. '/Elmeri monachi ecclesiie Christi 
Cantuariensis epistolse, in quibus tractat de 
munditia cordis, . . . et quenmonla de absen- 
tia metus Dei. Liber asceticus et vere pius; ' 
100 f. This manuscript was almost entirely 
destroyed by tbo Are of 10 July 186r) ; the 
few charred fragments that remain form the 
seventh portion of a volume, marked as above, 
which begins wit h some fragments of a manu- 
Bcript of Asaer, the only contents noticed in 
the Museum catalogue. Another copy is in 
the library of Trinitv College, Cambridge, 
dale MS. O. 10, 16 (Wbiqht). The titles 
of other works are given by llule. 

[Gervase of Cant. i. 98, 100, 288; AngUa 
Sacra,!. 137; Bale, SL-riptt. Brit. Cat. cont. ii. 
c. 72; Hu, DeAngliBeScriptt.p. 201; Wright's 
Biogr. Lit. ii. 104.J W. H. 

ETHELNOTH, ..ETHELNOTH, Lat. 
EGELNODUS or EDN0DU8 (<l. 1038), 
archbishop of Canterbury, eon of /Ethelmier 
the Great, ealdorman of the western shires 
(Flor. "W'lQ.), the friend of -Elfric [q. v.] 
the Grammarian, and grandson of -Rthel- 
weard [q.v.l the historian, and so a member 
of the royal hou.ie of Wessex, was first a 
monk of Olastonbur\-, and then dean of the 
mona8ter%-ofChrist Church, Canterbury, and 
a chaplain of Cnut. lie was raised to the 
see of Cantcrburj- as the succoss')rof Lyfing, 
ond was consecrated ot Conterbury by VVuli'- 
utan, archbishop of York, on 13 Nov. 1020 ; 
the announcement of Wulfstan that he had 
obeyed the king's writ for the consecration 
in still extant (Kemkle, Codr.r Dipt. 1314). 
^Ethelnothwasmuchheloved, and ensealled 
'the Good' (A.-fil. C'hron., Worcester and 
Abin^on, an. 1038). He went to Home 
for his pall, and obtained it on 7 Oct. from 
Benedict VHI, who received him with 
honour. On his journey homewards he gave 
^hundred ' talents ' of sih'er and a 'talent' 



of gold for an arm of St. Augustine of Hippoy 
which he bought at Pavia, and presented t» 
the abbey of Coventry. The good infiuence 
he exerased over Cnut, his consecration of 
Gerbnind to the see of Itoskild in 1022, when 
he also consecrated bishops of Fionia and 
Scania, and the fact that Cnut addressed hi» 
famous letter to his people to him and the 
I Archbiehop of York, are noticed in the article 
i on the kinij's life \a&K Canute]. He restored 
I and beautified his church, which suffered 
I much during the Danish invasions, and trans- 
lated thither from St. Paul's the body of his 
martyred predecessor, /Elfheah, with great 
' ceremony m June 1023, taking up the Dody 
I on the 8th and depositing it in Christ Church 
I on the 15th, in the presence of the king, of the 
I queen, and her son, Harthacnut, and of a mul- 
titude of great men, lay and clerical {A.-S, 
Ckron., Worcester; Osbern). Itiaasaerted 
I that Harold, after he had been chosen king^ 
tried to persuade ..Ethelnoth to crown him, 
and that the archbisho|>, who supported the 
. claim of Harthacnut, refused to do so on the 
ground that it would be acting unfaithfully 
I towards the late king, and laid the cron'n and 
sceptre on the altar, declaring that he would 
neither give nor refuse them, that Harold 
might seize them if he dared, but that he 
would crown none but a son of Emma (Enc. 
Jtlmmiv, iii. 1). The story is doubtful {Nor- 
man Cimqtust, i. 541). .Ethelnoth died on 
29 Oct. 1038. The Worcester chronicler 
gives a remarkable notice of the love men 
had for him, for after the notice uf his death 
he tells how -Kthelric, the bishop of the 
South-Saxons, asked of God ' that he would 
not let him live no while after his beloved 
father, .Ethelnoth, and within seven nights 
he eke passed away.' .Ethelnoth hasa place 
in the calendar. 

[Anglo-Saxon Chron. ann. 1020, 1038 ; Flo- 
reocoof WoR'ester. ann. 1020, 1031 (Engl. Hiat. 
80c.): Symeon of Durhum, cuU. 177, 180, Ger- 
THso Act. Pontiff, col. 1650, TwjsJen ; William 
ofMalmesbury,GcBtaRegiim,pp.308,313(Kngl. 
Hist. Soe.); Gesta Poniiff, pp. 311, 390 (Kolla 
Ser.); lincomiuniKmma^.iii. l.inl'ertz; OmWiis 
Vita S. Elphcgi, Anglia Siicru, ii. 14.1; l-'reetiian's 
Norman Conquest, i. 487, &41 ; Hook's Arch- 
Liehops of C«nt. i. 477 sq. ; Wright's Biog. Lit. 
(Anglo-aaxon), p. 609.] W. II. 

ETHELRED or .ffiTHELRED I (d. 
871 ), khip of the West-Sa.\ons and Kentish- 
men, the fourth son of yKthelwulf and Os- 
burh, should, by his father's will, have suc- 
ceeded to the West-Saxon kingstiip on the 
deathof his eldest surviving brother, /Ethel- 
bald, but this arrangement watt set asiile in 
favour of-Elhelberht, king of Kent. j-Ethel- 
redcameto the throne on the death of iEthel- 



Lthelre( 



26 



Ethelfe< 



berlit ill SO*}. IIi« n'ij^ Mvr a chtogv iu th« 
charart«roriheS(-i>ii(Iiiiavtaninva*ioD9whitb 
had so lutt); troubled England, trp Cr» tUii^ 
tlmit Lh>*M« iiiviminitA Iwd bwii tiiidcrlakt'ii 
ftimply for tlio sake of bnolv, and the iiiralf^ 
had Hi lir»t nuTi'lv laodird nl eonn? C(■n^^■nit;nt 
•pnt, plundered, and sniltil Awaj, tliouifli of 
lata years [«•» iiader EiiiKLWfU'j tbej" hail 
bi'jfim to winter in llio islttmls fit Shcppej" ' 
and Tliikn<3t. Xow ihcy Ixyon W oncjucr 
and B*t up kincdnms, and they would have 
sitceocdod in romiiii'rinfr ibowholo country 
bad it not Ix^n I'ur tliu tlout retti»t(tiic« Ibey 
met witJi from the Weat-Saxous fimt under 
.■{ilhvlrL<d,Bndlbt.'Oundvrliii)yuuugi.Tbivllivr, 
AlfnsliirJ:ifn-jI. fntlir'tinit yiutrof ,Ktbel- 
red'e tvi^'n tbey ln.!id<>d in Kaat Anelia, and 
aftf^r itwiwiig biinii.'s hmIm into Ncirlfiiimlir!«, 
^ew tlip iwn liinira who opp^ised ibem [sec 
umW .Mlla, rf. *S*ir], and net up a Iributiirv 
Icinjf, Tbey thvn i'iit»Tml M^rciu ftiid t'lok 
op tlieir winter <iuarttjr8 (H(!7-H| at Noltinjf- 
ham. Rurhred, Ibo Merciiin Icing, et-nt lo 
]ii« WV's.t-Siuton br'Hlier»-in-l«w, l<> .Kthi-lnHl 
his overlortl, and bin b(y>lh«r, vWfred, to 
come to hifl help. Throughout Oio rvipn 
Alfred iif dcwcriu^i ax ' lujcundnriiw,' wbioh 
mnat nf>t hp tnltfn to in«in that he held any 
kinjrdom under his brother, lor the kingdom 
cf Kont wft^ nowHniteilio ihcrc'Atofsnutht'm 
England r&oe under KtuxLBHKHT^, but that 
ho waa n?c(u;iii»od u bia brotlicr'it bi;l{wrr or 
lieutenant [See under JiLFSEol. Wht-nthey 
leceived Burhnvd'e measa^e, .^thelrcd mid 
Ua brother marchod to >ottin{;ham with a 
Weat-Saxon army. The Danes r»?fused to 
int.-1't then in hattlo and Elitved behind thoir 
Forliticatioiia, awl the Wmt-SaxouH w«n> iint 
iihh? to force •.■nlrancf. AVliile, howeror, 
./Klhelnid's t-xpeJitiou uncled without much 
fiffbting,it wivivl MiTcid.furn pi'/iC'" wft* mailt- 
between the I>ftneB and the Mt-rcinna, and the 
inraden rvlumed to Nnrthunibrin, In H70 
thry marched aer^i** Mercin into Ymmi Angtia, 
de»olatedlhecountry.«len'thckinif,l''adiuund 
(q. v.], and made the land their own. \Veftwx 
was now the only part of Kugland that was 
capable of rMisiaiiee. and in 871 it wafl in- 
vaded by a birii^' Datiieh host. Tbo inviiden*. 
led by two kiii;r* ond many jnrl*. eiir.iin|M-d 
at itcadiog. a ^-oauer town on tlie Mercian 
bonliT, and probably oci-n]ii(-<l ' the bnnh of 
gravel in tlw anirlfliorniedbi'iww-n thi-K«n- 
n«t and the Thames.' where JCeadine Abbey 
■wft* aflorwnrds built (PABlt;n). .fithi-lred 
and his brother gathered an armv to fight 
with them, but before ibey could brin^ it 
a^itut lh«m a diviition of the Oaniith hi'wt 
under two JBrI« lufl their po*ilinn betwi-en 
the rivere and rodo wej^twiirds lo Encrlelietd, 
perhaps with tiiv inleottoa of gaining a povi- 



tioii OD Ui« Berkshire hilln. Heri!, however 
they were met by the ealdi>rm»ii, -Ktbelwulf 
evidtintlyat head ofahical force, wenrdefeali: 
anddrivuii b»i:kto ibetr <• nnimptnvni. Fou 
days later .Kthelred and .Klfrcd i.'aniL'' tti 
join«4 forces wi!b .-Ethplwulf, wnd nllAckr 
the T>ani^h poAiiion. Thpy werfi defratt^ 
and vEthelwulf wae slain. The defeat of tla 
\Vi>At-i?«xonn ''nablod ihi- invaders to 1( 
their cramped and noinuwhat perilnu? 
(ion and gain the hc'ighls, and ther forru'' 
their camp on /Esceediine. or A.*bdown. 
I'our day.i after bi« defeat .-Etbelrf>I airaii 
led his armyagain^t ihcm. TboItani«b he 
was drawn up iu two divi«ioii*, >^ne uom-* 
maiided by the two king-.^. tht? other by thft 
jorlH. .Klhelrvd was to atuick the ouu aod^ 
.1-llfrfHl Ihi; utluT. Thn H.im-*, who wi'fi- oi 
the higher ground, pressed hant on .'I'Ufred*i 
diviiiion, for he did not return th>-irattnol 
l»e<5iijtto -fthidred was not ready; he 
kneeling in hiv tent while a priest eelebrat* 
the niu.*», and hedeclart^ that ho wuuld nc 
tome forth until the mass was ended, 
HMrve rauQ first and God after. .Etfred eouU 
no longer kwp hia men vtanditig on the da 
fRiuiire and chan|i.-d with tbem up the 
lika a boar a^n^t the houndit fAi(9En]| 
When the luaM wax ovitr, .^:ih«lred joi» 
in the fray, attacked the Danish kinirs auj 
sk'W one of them (IIexkt or Uvyrisit 
Tins). Th« fljrht. wft.t Hftrpeat round a Atuntc 
thorn-bush that was pointed out in afit 
days to tht>se who vinited the fiidd. AiMUt* 
tel'U ua that Iw mw it. The battle huted 
till nightfall. .Elhelred'* army wiw col 
iilulety vicioriuQ#, uud I he Dane^nerednvr 
liBL-k io their ramp at Kt-arling with the l( 
of one of their kings, of five iarbi. and 
'tnany tliou&andtt* of men. Tlii-t baltlu 
■upposed to be coinna-mn rated by the ' Whitfl 
Horse* at Uflinirton. whieb is spoken of in. 
the ' Abinpion Ilii-tory 't^i. 477, li. 1l'S>, and 
v.im jierliafHi originally etit in memory of souo 
larearlier vietorv. J^ueh a victor*- ought '^ 
have delii-enid We«ses,but it is evident 1] 
according to the Ensli^h custom the lar__ 

tort of .litbelrcd's force departed to the 
omes nhvr th« haille. He was thertifo 
unable to follow up bis success : the Panil 
canip was not stormed, and the iuvadu 
nnny iiian-hc<l Aiuthwtinl into llninp^hir 
A fortnight after their vietof? at A-hdoi 
,E(he!n.'d and his brother iiguin niol thimi i 
IW^ing. The Engliidi were defeated, 
were not routed ', iVr i he Danes toot, no s) 
(/ETiitLWE.tlt^ And inntimd of ndvi 
on Winchester ai)|>ear for a while tc 
be*ii checked. They were now n'infof 
a fre*h hotly of invadrra JVow beyoi 
and Ino luontha later maich«d into Sfl 




Eld sud .Klfrt-d fouulx *^'itt) tliciuat 
(Monoti iii-ur IliM-nt'T and M&nlen 
new iierumbavi^nUo bir'iiaii(:^'^ml). Tlif 
I, T icttirv w»* for « »liite<liml]ifiil ; nt lir»l the 
I^KDautw ^\o WKy, but in the <>nd t}ii> En;;lif li 
l^^»«Tr '!"f'»tl«!. Scvni ariArliiii', I'n i'3 Ajiril, 
^^.Kil' . jirolwhlv from tJi.- i>flivtB tif 

K !»-■ nil itt M<>rtiin (.-!.-■'*- f^iwi. 

^ViIu■tu;^:l.-, an. s;i ; l*ijinrsn!,i. ftfij. He 
WM tmrlHlat Winiboniii in Diirsei shire. Hp 
KIM rryanli^l me n Hint, onil n RinrlTr, and on 
n-krijiiion nit abrviit lOlKl r<n n brasA which 
•ni> ilie fiti^T wf* kinj,' in \Viiiiltoni« Miti- 
i-r iv^'.inl" flic ri'Veivnfi* which wAsjiuitl lo 
I. Ufhi-l-'i-d, kiit^ ut' till! \Vwi-.S«X'jue,' 
c Icfi A k'-'ii nrnacxl .Kthotwslil, who ri>- 
a ICodwunl ihu Eldpr. TUu 
I, .'KlhtlwrnrU thi- hiAlnrmn, wiw 
tnm him. hut whi-tbL>r through 
Iho innlr- or ftunalv lino doM ttot ■ppenr. 

r.\ii.-lik-S«x<»n Chrim,; FInmnw <rf W<)»*«rtor 

' '. ftw.); Awflr.^ilhclwniivl, Hoiiry of 

i lU. Afon. Hist. Urit. : Par!trr'i> Ku-ly 

^'<,rj \.f Oxford, p. 114 (Oxford Hid. Soe.); 

'■ 0>iMiaest of Ei)Klu>d. f?- Sft-103 ; 

da Afaingdon. i. 471. »■ l^a (KaIUSm-.); 

Mil UiM. of DonvL, it. 644, Snd ediL, 

tb« hnm vlth rojnl tflljio- nnd loM!rii>- 

dw mme of St. Et}i»lt«d is fi{iir«a ; 

of death finn aa ST!t would alono he 

flb-Icni taaipoMibal^nE^y-] W- ^• 

ETHELRED or .STHELRED (rf. 8«t), 

hhithon of fanlirbiin', n monk "f Chriat 

iin-h, (. niilf'rhury, is said to hava bi>«-n bi- 

opof ^Viltr.liin.' vfhfn.Kthplrcdiiiid.Wfred 

U-d biia to the tirchbat>h'ipric in H70: 

MDt^'iuf nl.lhoiifih not iu!ceM«rilv iti- 

, i* 'i|>nri lo qiit-«tir>D linM^rtion jmt- 

nUy nf (I IniioUtv in'A.-S. L'hwnicU-, Win- 
ter.' and tlw Into version ' Oti. Otho H.' 
,) Hp recfivc^i the |ioll rn>iii llftdri»n II. 
d OD hi* rttum from Uom*! i* miid lo hnv^ 
i«] t'l t:»iwl th« seculAf clerj^ from his 
Thi*. hnwfviT, in kiwi doubt fid [nee 
Crsii-simiJ. He f-irlwn- tn dn en. Ho 
to ba^K CMniiW rated Llnnwi-nli or 
burl, probmhlT ihp hakio «it Ilulxrl. the 
oti. III itii' uHt nf St llnvid'* in N74> aiiJ 
'r ■ ..fLUn- 

■ -liic'waa 
■;i III >'.iirli Wiih», 



ly Ibol e^iii^tual Mil^fTiiftn 
n I <l 



;h'(>t-^d^n<■l:■. H*- wma n 
■h'iin will. n>* di«i ;l(l Junu 
i<i.t. And vfwt tiiCKwded thv 
Hr«l yvmr by I'li'^und. 

[AacIo-.StXKn l'^l^l^l, nun. 870. WIS ; Floreiwo 
W'-n-rXir. I lOH (Knfl Hint, Sty* ), (Jrrvns*. 
I I'l"; lT"-i-.].:] i; KriiiUe'a CodlM T>it>i.3l4. 
iif i|->» Wi-Mi tiittinjiit - 
i - - > iMB. i. UV (lUilta U«r.); 




Bnit jr TywvKOftioD, an. 874, sod Abd. CaiB- 
bniMwcui. A(i. Mod. Hist, Bn't.; Haildnn and 
Stnhlia'a Council* &od K<«lcs. I)oe». i. 207-9.1 

W. 11. 

ETHELRED or jETHELRED II. the 
I'silKHtV (Ll(ia?-UUG^,kiiiit..n:ni;lnnd,Hi.n 
of K»d)^r and .■EIAhrjth.wos bom t>illie>rin 
Md (rr '.toil for h« wBUMwrcfly wvt>n years old 
whflti hu father dic-d in It7A. Hiiid<-htoin(tit 
•<r ihi.- baptismal font is said lo bavn caiiMd 
Uun»lun lo fnrrtoll iho nrt'rthrow of the 
nalioQ during his reign ^Ilxri ur Hi'KT* 
iXdPO^, p, 7-48). ()n tbe deAth of liia EatllM 
a strong [Mrly wns in favour of elii'titig bhn 
kinjt in»t«ad of hi* brother Kndwatd [q- T.J 
H« livM with his mother at Corfe. utd Ead- 
n-ard bad com« to MiO him when be wiu nloiit 
then'. The child w<>pt bitterlyatlujilirotht^r'A 
dvaib, Biid it wuD MJd that hia mother ima 
eiirag»)at bi;« lt>an>,and, nolhaTinffascourgo 
ot haitd, best him so severely with soioe 
cnndtM thai in nflnr life \m wonid norer 
have catidli-s rarrifnl Ix'fnrcliim, astory I butt 
foolish as it ia, may perhapa imply Cnat be 
WAd badly bnHtg'ht up tn ehildbooi] (f7f>a/a 
Sryttm, (»-c. 101). lie ijuccei.-ded hiit Irruthur 
(i« kin^. and wa» crowm-d by Lluii.>>tati at 
Kiiieston on U April 97S {A^S, Chnn. Ah- 
inptfon, and FloR. Wio.; l»7U, A.-H. t'Anm. 
Worcvstrr ; on llic discrepancy sf« .Von, 
Jiiitt. liril. 11. HVn n. Ij) ; tlu' nrchbisbop on 
the day of hia poronation is said to hnvf ppo- 
phmied ?rnl conct-rnitii; him because became 
to the throne through the miinU-r o( bia 
brother; ii is more certaia that Utituiaii 
•"xactfd a plodf^ of ^ood Kovemnient from 
him, and (i>-livt'n;d uii v\hortalioD on iha 
duticaof achrinttnn king (Memorint*-^ I hn^ 
fffnN.p. 356 Of].) .'Ktholredwaspnod-fookinc 
and nf frraceful luanuurs (Flob. Wiu.): bta 
'histonLiit «urniuae,' the Unready, dor^ not 
imply tJiat liu Inckud oneigy or resuurce, bat 
rfiir, or nninKid ( Normim fonourtt, i. 280). 
He waa by no meana il<rlirit>nl in ability, itor 
was bi> MpM-inlly »i|iil)ifiil (Ortta Jtfffum, 
occ. IfW); indeML ibron^hniit bia rvipn ha 
ronRtanlly dispIaredconiiidtTable vigiiur.bot 
it wo.* j^nprally intsdirtol«>d, for he waa im- 
piiUivp, paasionale, cruvl, and nirt lo Ivaaoa 
favourites, vrhora he did not choOM for any 
nurtby reasons; hi- hiidiiupnncipin of act iotif 
and was ^uideil by molivi-^ of li-tniifirnrj'px- 
pL>di(>ni-y. During ibv lir^l veara ulbinreini 
tbiTf WOK no chnniii.i in tbv goreroment by 
thf (Treat i>aldorm''n. Tbe death nf vi^lfhert', 
ealdormnn of Mercia, in 9*^, was probably a 
oonHiiliTablf bisii lo thi- country; he waa 
mtcet-eded by >ii« son .'Klfric, wlio wn» ban- 
iiihi-d by the king in WnI, cruelly it is Miid 
(llEyny OFlIrKTixbDox). HunHtan. (hough 
ha atill alluiidud Iha mmrliuge of thu wttui. 



ithelrec 



t9 



t-vidi-tilly took no part in political ni«t1ftr». 
The BVKtvni nf ditfi^ncc witrkcil out by 1'^- 
fpa niit><l havi- jwrialiMl at IIiih tiui«. wUtcIi 
WM natiirnlly a jxriivl of dlRoipiniMtion. A 
worthU-wfnvKunlvnami"! .i-Mi#l»i iii» niiiMuini ' 
to hove cxi'rdwil crtnsidnmlile influpnnu over , 
t4i^ youiiff kinp, and lo Lave led btm to com- : 
mit n&d t'l aanctioii uiitnyACTA uf oppn-^'MnTi 
(KuHlii.1:, CWer Ih'f>l. i>'. '(KH. Uy hib ad- 
vice -Kthelrwl laid claim to an entale be- 
loiiginf; to tlip biilioiiric of HoclitsJcr, toatp 
vioU-acu rii«iieii, aiiu in fltW ,Ktln;lred laid 
wejfp to lioi-hcfltcr; ho was unable tota^<.-it. 
atiu mvu^'d ihv Iniids cjf lh<.< bl-u. X*uii«lua 
inliirffivil I'll bi-LAlf of tlm liijiboji, and, when 
tliH kini:<li6n>^rdedUl>4commBu<lii,piud Lim 
e. Iiun'ltv'il iioiiTi(ljiiiif mlvvr 1 1.> jiiircluiM' {)>'ii<y^, 
dttilftrinf: Ills com ■Tiiiit fiir-l'ltbidnNrsovArici'. 
nndpropbpsvingtbat evil ■wonldftbortlrconM' 
on the nntTon (Flou. Wio, : OtnriiM. It 
U probable lliat by lbi!< datv .I'^helrvd hnd 
bccJi Mine time nukiriod to bis liret wife, 
yElfjfifu [bou uikUt KoHrXD IttoXBlfEJ. 
Knmi !tai to'.W:? it-vi^raJ df*f f nts Were made 
iin different parts of thr' rondl bv tho I'ant'S 
end N<irlhiiii-n. 8i>ulbfiniptcin, flianft, niid 
Clir-*hirc woiYr rAi'ii||r<-d ; tbi' (viibils nf Devon 
and t'ornwall siiHVred st'verely. iind n mid 
was made on rorlbiiid. Tothwi- Vfars mny 
tK-rluip!' \f r-dVrri'd tUi-ivlorv tliat Swead, tbn 
fulure Iiiiiji nf IK'Hiuni'k, caim- ovtT Ui Kni^- 
luiid u^ a fii(,'ilivt!, and nodmibt ax Ihu leader 
of u ^iliiii^ex[ii^ilion, ibat .Klbclrt-d treali-d 
liiin At nil vrnmy. nndtliat licwiit-b'<f>j>iiably 
rc^Ltuvt-d by tbi''Si-titti*h kintr (Aoam Hulm. 
ii. c. S2). T\\fS(i BitAclci wen? laadu dimply 
ffirtb«.> «ik>*iif pIiin<Ii.'T; tbi*y c'i.«>!«"<! fora wbile 
lifter !W«2, mid wht.'ii thi^y von' rt-nt-wed took 
n niori! dong»!roun form, tor tin- iin adtrt bL%;RU 
lo wttle in the cmintrr. In i^HH tlii-y bitiilril 
ill Sonicrwt.bHt w«iv l»"'Mtt'noff'afiirft.*har|i 
stro)igl)>. An invaxion of a more lormidiiblii 
kind was mode in Wl by a Nonvcpian fore 
iindtT Kitiir Olof 'IVy^va^on, JiiHiii), and 
Oiilbmund : tjpfiwifh «'a» plundered, «nd iIil' 
uuliJ<.ini>iii BriltlDoth [<(. v. J v,ux deft-'utcd and 
nlainat Muldoti in PUm-x. 'J1ien An^bbiahop 
SiKeric..Ktbelwe«rd [ ew under K rii ulwekd . 
ih'- (■e.biominn of tbi< wvMi'rn jirovinci-*, and 
anothf r \\V-i*t-Sfflxoii itnUbirniaii. luicntrd .Klf- 
ric, oflV-nil to purcbnKe |teai?« of ibo Nortli- 
mcn, and pronii«d to pay thi-m ten l boiutnnd 
Itouiidf itf flilvi-T. So bir|!f afuincould n'>t bu 
ruiiwd (jnickty, nnd the Nortbmen tbn.-nlciii.-d 
torNvuLp'Ki-ntunlest'lbfy wi*rojiaid. Sifc'iTie 
oblaiiird the niuiivv to uiiikc Uji lh«i di-ti- 
rti-ncy fn»m ^Dsrwiir, bishop of l>on.-b<'i-l[iri 
nnd pbil^nl an villain to btm for n-paynintit 
(Kkjuu-k, CoiU-r r/ipl.\>. 0«>). The l peaty 
W«« oecL'plwl by tbc kmg nnd tb<^ wilnn, and 
wu concluded with ibe Norwofrtan leaders 



(Am-ient L/tit*. p. HI f. Tbis won lh« 6 
tiiDti that ibi- diMuiroiu poUisy wa« adiipt 
of buying oil* tbe inTud<-rs. Linworlbf 
lb<! BtL-p WB*, it IB Homi'l im« condrmned ti 
biuitily. It wax not tnken coiiecioucly u an 
esrape from the duty of defendini; tli<; Usd ; 
ttw men wbu ouuiv, »iid tb<? king and tl: 
eoiinscl wlio miifii'd, the treaty could n 
bavo dons so with tbe expoctatioi 
payments of n like kind wonid : 1 

tbcir actioti must be judged by r.-t-ii. 
WOK a moment of luprenie duiigtr, for 
whole of the south of tb(^ miintry luy 
to tliu unemy. aud tbe tbre^ luvn wbo lio 
rule over it may well bave tbougbt that 

00 troopa wer<.< ready tbuir firti duty was 
toMvc Ibi- |)i'0[ibr from itnp>'nditi|j; di'«truc- 
tinn. And ib« money wna not imid wi " 
theid^ntbat ibe Norwrpian* would in rrtnr 
liwve Kncland ; the in-aty a* made by .ICt hel 
n-d dislinctlv contempUte* tlwir remainin({p 
wifh party, for cuamplo, was to refr*in fi 
barbouring tbi« WolsJi. tbe tbicvpH, and t 
foea of the other. In faa, the Itinic, by tb 
advlcv of llif archbishop and the two W< 
Ssxon eiildormi-n, boucbl tbt< oUiMUC« of iHat 
And hiH boFla^'ainst all oiheri-nemit-s. \\*nr 
wo* ucluallv Roioft on with th<' \V<d>>li, »nd 
their prince, Meredydd.wiw in nlli.-iiiie wuh 
tbeNi.>rtbnitfn.wb'*s«hflpbeb«Jliiri-d(i//ii 
iinn.9f*8,Sf,H ; !>.'ortn/iu < '.ni/Ufft, i. S13)! A 
.Ethelr\-d can scarcely have failed to ta 
into account tbe prdbnbilitv of a l>ani»h i&- 
va»ion, and if m, he and liid udviMira may 
bave ilailered ih'.^m&elve<) with tb*.' h<<i>e <■! 
dividing ibL'trfof.-)), and kticpinf^ufTllii* liiiii>-9 
bv ibe help of the Niirtbiut-n {(.'iiiufwiitt 
fJuffhnd, p, S'S). Even altowini; that ew 
n ii"W wu (rvrtaiu to fuili limo wax gain 
by tilt' livaly, anil if il had Imvu u*«d 
vigornuF and HUMnineil proparatiuu« for t! 
fence, the udvic^* of tbe nrcbbisbop and I _ 
caldonnen tnigbt hav<> turned out well, I'n- 
rortuiiately ttiv kin^lom was found defence 
Wf* of^n and a^iii, and ..f^belrcd nnd 
uobluB, batinir once gut rid of immedia: 
lihiifiEt by a money parment, botif'ht 
of tbe Daiif« iiu otlivr <.M:<:B^i"nn when t 
miii'l have Ixren fully aware of tbe follv 
wlial tbev were doiu^. Awurdititf to lN' 
Ham of .^lnhIle*b1.lrv .l%tb<-lri'd made anotlli 

i trwity thiii year. He bud c8iip?a of co: 

flaint againftt (lie Nonnanduk)-, UicliHrd t 
earleM; tbe pnrta of Normandy nlTordi 

1 ci>uveni"nt andiomge to tbe Scnndinnvi 
< jiinii'-s, nnd it is not unlikely I hut lb«-y fi 
I n.'rniilM nioon^ tbe duke'8 ^ubjeelft. 
I Mvmeil imminent, and I'ope John XV 
I took the oUire of roodiator. A jienee 
I made wbicb )iriivide<l thai neilber should 
! cvivts tbe enemies of the other, nor bvno 



nil 

m 



und« 




^mL- 



in.l. 



rw). 



K\{k 



St' 



^Tit hrttit ' piwsport^ from I Iirir 
1 flmfa Ilrgum,)u«c*. Ifi.'i, KMI; 1 
.;Jit-.>iil> AUihnricy for this rreaiy, iso^l 
, IbI« . the in-oiin<is (in wlitcti I'r. tYw.*- 1 
r* til.- jitiiry will hr'' found in A'or- ' 
»/ ";*/, 1. yi3, ^33; il tvrtainlyeeems 

ttnliJ' 'ly (iUL> KhoiilJ hkvc invented 

llwr -). 

Til' j" r,^.. [.urtUaiwiiof ihe Xorthinoii »ft» 

.itihclroa. la 092 bo and the 

ilnii ' ilttTui-d that nil ilif sliijw that were 

ortb onytliJDg' should b^^patherfllot^lhcr 

I/iii.li)ii {A.-S. ChroJi.) Hi.' put iLo fl<t-t 

r lliH commiuid nf two lii.vliiiiiH »i»d tiro 

1. ...! r-. Tliured, poaflihly hie faili-T-ju- 

. 'he M*'ivitiri r-nldnnnan h« 

1 . . itiSJUT nj- HlSTINtlDO.V, p. 

ibu AciieiDP nftakinR the NoHhmvns 

by snrpriw \n» drfrntod through tli« 

ry of .'Klfiic. N'*vertheb'i»clii> Hn(r- 

uwl a complete victory. Enrnjjrd ot 

nc'c coiidiicl. tlw king blttidud hi* imn 

'k*t. TW NiiribniPH sailod off, and did 

nrli d.-unap-^ iii Nortbiinibna iiud Liiidsi'V. 

{104 t)i« Iwu kintF», Obif of Noi-wny and 

vnnA nf Denmark, invaded th^ Und witb 

levhr u hundrod sliips ; thoir forcof were 

tfn nfffrom I^iidnn by the biirghprft on 

It,. l>ul raTBpud Ks^ex, Kent, .Sunvy, 

Iam|ii>li<rr-, and thi:^ ' tonii borM4 and 

(■ <n liiihf-r tbi'y would.' .ICthidred and tbc 

u»W olTi-ivd them moiK-y and pnivi- 

iflb«y would «■»« their niMigeH. Tiicy 

np Minlrri]uartt>Rtiit Si mthauinton, and 

tax Vtitf Icriod on \\'f'8»t'X to |Hiy luo irr«WB. 

luI'-ii^riliuliMif i<i:tleviit IxtiiMiiidjKiiinilAn'KH 

::ilh*^ rountiygcnprallyafithf price 

< > il if pOKsibli* that .I'VcH'igtiavctliv 

vhich WM ihn Rultj<ict of an arrnni^iv 

tniulf in a witcna^iimot of the ttoil year 

lbi« fK-casion ; the threat of mvaginir Kent, 

1(1 the fact that Sii^ric cwnw to luive Itwn 

tinK<")htSovi'n re^jmnsibility.dppwr, how- 

f, lo point to tho peace of 091), -Kthtl- 

uiiC' uwd iLi- limi' thus Kaiiii.«d witb 

iCO, for b0 e«uc .KlfliMkh. Iiishop of 

,rhi>8l<}r, aiid tbi'pnldortDan .Kl bt-ln (.iird 

an •■iiituiK'ty to Olaf .*h! iiiidcr.'Kl.rilEnil]. 

r> r^^iill ITU that llie olliuticv between 

hn iiivadinK kitigt waa broken. Obtf riimf 

t' r>> lr>^it AndoTi^, made alliance viib 

1 bviiiff alroady bapti»«d, wa» con- 

(. :_ : tho oUhop. ,^iii<-lred took him 

*al tb'.> lii^hop'^ bands' and giAcd him 

r'viitlv: h" promised that be vroubl invnde 

II tniorn,and ki'|it hUwonl. Swend 

I <> oltack tlm li>1tt of Man, aiul (he 

tfodcd. About two yean; of noace 

Jn OWi .Klbrlrwl, pniboWy at 

iflK of thi> witun. A/-knowled|p9d (he 

odiu youtb, (Utd made a gnat to tbd 



ntd( 




biflbOD of Rwbf^Fer (Kkhblk, Co^e.r 2>!pt. 
p. (IS8). 'riiii niut yi'sr be hold aiiolhwr 
mmcing at Olr.hyth (CliAl-v^n), wh^m tbty 
eoclesiaet ical cletDent Keeins to have prtdo- 
miniiti'^] (("A. WIJ). At nomo Mrlirr da[« hn 
bad publifehed at Woodflock a code regulat- 
ing tht Enf^lixh law of bail and surely, and 
iu IK>7, at a wit«iiag«aiot that invt at Calne, 
&ni\ n~AS adjourned Lo \Vanta^«, a c'xJe vraa 
pnbli«h<!d on police matTtrs, evidintly de- 
|ti};tll^<l for l he OanUb tli^t ricls (A/v.^'nit Lettrt, 
pp. I tl), U'i ; Coilfj Jh'fil. p. ISIIH). \l the-tB 
m<.-utiuK« tliu kiuu: agniti ncknofrledrud tbu 
!«iu& ofnifi Touth, and Trwlorrd «t>nn» land ho 
hod uDJuatly taken fr-im the church ofWin- 
ciii-nli-r. in tbii> j'Mir tlnj ravac^s (if ths 
Danett be^iin agiiin, ibou{>h for About two 
year* Ibfv vvn^ not etipecially wrtoua, being 
chieflv ronbnod Hr*t lo the WMtem cooats 
and then 10 lb« coast of HiL$«ex. IJuriufj tho 
winter of 096, however. tJiey took up quar- 
ters il) the h\o of NVij;ht, and fom-tl tbu 
peopleof Uampahir^aud Suwex lo .irtml Ibem 
provitiune. Tbi» fresh trouble drove .Etbtd- 
red lo a renewed nLtfnitil to jincify bcnien; 
hemude afresh and detailed nrtinowlidj^mcnt. 
ur bill youthful emirK, t-xpcciallv in the ICo- 
ch«tflr matter, laid the hbiim': cbii-Ilv on 
.i'lhidniiip, whom he bud deprived of Ilia 
rank and wealtli. and made fidl retttilution 
to the bishop (CW*.f' Dij>I. p. "OC). At lli« 
Miiuc time be was pvinj; hit) eontideuce to 
anuihurfavouriti^ n» unworthy n^.Kr.hi4i<i»r, 
one Leolaige, wborn in 9!>1 he bad mads 
ealdunnan i}{ tbti Ka»t-8axans (ih. p. 687), 
Kent \v)u* ravagt^ in IW, and -I'.thelred 
made another effort fo defend hia land. 
]!•• comniHnd>-d lliol the Danes sbcrnld be 
Bttnek<-<) hotbhyaHei^t and an amiy, but the 
whole adinliiiatrulion Wis hopcliv^ly di«or- 
Unniwl, and ' when the «hip* were ready 
tbcY delayiKl from djiy to day, and wore out 
the poor men that were i>u board, and tlio 
moro forward Thiof^ i*hould have he«ii the 
hnckwarder they were lime attor time. And 
in the end the expetlition by »>m itnd land 
virivlcd nothing ujicopt troubling ibe people. 
waalin;r 'noney, and einUildeiiiiiir fhi-trfowi' 
tA.-f, CArvn. on. lH>i): for the cauaeiB of tbia 
inftlicioncy »r>' I.Ari-EXaElw, ii. 1<5U; A'wv 
man Cnruputt, i. It24). 

After lb« mvacinti of Kent tbv Danes 
aaih^l off to Normandy in the BUinmsr of 
lOUO, probably to soil their booty, .'l-^tlielnd 
look adviinta^ of their alnence and of the 
prvpamttiMiK of ih« pn-vtoujii yi-ar to strike at 
ibe vikiiiK seltletuenta e!(i«e at hand; hi<l«d 
an army in person into Cumberland, which 
wu' a lilron^lKdil of the Da»M, iind ravs|ired 
the country, while hia rtiM't wantc-d th« lalu 
of Mao 1.1.-& C'^Affl.; UiiiMtr or JIuNruio- 



£iE..2S^:=£^ 



ithelrec 



30 



Ethel rec 



DCiX, p. 750; for hhoIIkt tIow of tlii"M) pm- 
cnedingH Be« Gorman (\fitaiuvt, i. ft2ftt. To 
tbis yenr aUo i« pf rliaii* t o W n-iwrrvJ .KlJi«l- 
rfodV invft-iinnrtf tI^^ (.ntentin, for it tcoh prft- 
Iwblv closely conne^lvd wiih the visit oFtlie 
Uattuh fti-t-t to Normundy. Wiliinm of Jii- 
laiAges (v. 4) mivs lb*t .■Ktlii'Ired Mpected 
thuL liiii ships would bnog lititi tlu> Nitrtnnn 
tlultf, Ricbnrd TI, vrMi Lis haiKU tinl bclimd 
liifitfitckiliil lliBl iliey w^reutierly deftated. 
Ttiiit i^xpi'dition, if it cvct took plflKf?, muni 
bnre U>d tu lUo mumimc of <l^lni-ln-(l tnd 
UiM dulnVa nintfr Kiiiiua. Wliili' \h^ Haniali 
fleet wftfl irasliiig tho cooBtt «f Dwoiisliin- 
the n^xt vrnr it wnx jniifd bv Pulli^, tbti 
lttub«n<l of Ciiinliild, Swi>nd's sister, wliu had 
been entertwned by /Ivtbelrcd ntai bad re- 
ceived larf^ pift* from him. The rciifiwalof 
\he wnr agnin stirrwl hd the kiriK lo end«i- 
vnur to gf>t he&Tcn on his sidtv In n chnrtor 
of tbia vcur, p«nte<l wilb CQDieiit of the 
-wilNii, tiif troubles of the country nrp Art 
forth, and the king fdvet, ia honour of ChrbT, 
and of bio brolhrr, liic holy martyr Eadward, 
the moniistm' of Bmdfom to tho nima of 
SliaflesbuFy, when* Endn-nn) wtvt biirit^d, lo 
be a place of Mfii^'* for tb^in {Cad^r Ih'pl. 

5. 70U). I^urly in lOOi' he and the witaii 
i.'cret>il tbsl jiL-acc fthould ai^in b« ho\ighl' of 
the 3)ani»b flcin.nud be sem Lt^ofei^e to the 
flri^t ti> trarii what tt^mii would be Hceeptt.-d, 
Lenfaiffo agreed with thv IMrit-a tbai thi*y 
■hoiila rwci-ivtt provisions and a tribqte of 
iiflOOf. 8>mo cUaRfTD in'th^t politirii of th^t 
COlirt aeeiMB to br? indipalej by ,1Ctbt'!re<l'« 

ETomotioti of his hich-ivevt-, .^fir, above all 
is oiher officer* fii. p. 713). Tbf tennii in 
which thi* jironiwion U ilevribed have been 
int^rprvti^d aa cooferrin^ a distinot ullice, thai 
of 'cljief of Ibe bigli-rwcvfji,' an oflirn Iliiil 
has furthiT b««-n tiuien ta a ' fon^shadowing 
of lb'.' coming juaTiciary ' (Co/iywi'*/ of I-'ng- 
land, p. a94). Tills thf^ory, however, i« not 
wamtDtud by any rvconlcd evideiice. In the 
»Oiith of ICiigland, at least, the high-rocTO 
Iield an offiw lb»t was annlogous to thut of 
th» Bhir»-n»v«». Tbf politienl tendency of 
tho period was towards a divitiion i>f th^' king- 
dom ioto large diftrir.t-'' ; i-aldoruioD, inatt-nd 
of being simply officer? each with hia own 
«hire, were appointed over prrtrinw* cnnt«i»> 
ing different «mn4, and in the name wav the 
Ol£arrfiin;-onici.T,lhert'eTe, became the high- 
roevo of a widi-r diatrict. Tlifrc i« no «>vi- 
deaiietbu.t.'l%iic bold any admutiatrati^-^olliee 
other tban,orHiiiHTi'<r lo.tbat of other hi^h- 
reeres ; the wortls of yEthi-Ired's chnrn^r w^i-m 
to refer to nothing im^n- than a title of honour, 
which may indrtni MarcolyliarB b«>n rtcog- 
niM^d as a formal title at all. .'^Cfic')) pn>- 
tnotJon «xcitvd the jeakiusy of the king's 



lh< 



bei 



favouritK, I.*(of*ip.', and whilo on this mi 
flion to the Ilani'S hi- slew the ni-w favoii 
in hid Hwn houiie, an act for which he w 
baniftlied by tlie king nnd lb'<i witao {A. 
C'AraM, ; 0}iifj: IMpl. p. "IH). In l<uiti Kmi 
cam« over from Xormflndy; her mnrria^ 
wilb .'K(b«In:d u-oa ttvideiilly not a hap[i 
one. uixl in Mitte of tier ktvqI lieauLy hn '. 
iiaid to huve Iwen unfaithful to bcr ( (l^nt 
Jtiyiim, sec. ItJ.'). Tbu king now attempt 
to rid himself of bia foes by Irracher 
uti lliL- ground thai the Danes were p 
to alay htm and aft<trwaril« all liiit 
gave ordet« that ' all the Daniah-mi^n tli 
witv in Kngland should be slain.' Secrei 
instruciionit werr' !H^n^ in letters from the 
king to every town. arranging that this mas- 
HiCT« should tak'j ploce cvcrywlicre on tbu 
same day, 13 Nov, An there was ai thi 
titno peaco hetween the £ngliab and 
Uariw, ihi' fonrigo witlers wore taken 
iurpriao. AVoroen aa well as men w«rB 1 
laiuly niasiiucrwt (Flor. Wia.), and atm 
them thfre in no reA«'>n to doubt Swend 
sister, Gunhild, the wif.' of the traitor Palli, 
wild wait put lo death ai\er having seen 
husband and her »on slain before^ her e 
(O'effa Jf(yiiffi,w.>c. 177). Tbe maseacm cQi 
not of cour^ have extendiNl to all parts 
EnghiDd, for in ICiu^ Aiiglin and in aomo 
the Nurthiuubriiin di&trietii the Daum m 
huvtr uutnnmbenid the En^Iii>h, Stitl, 
only in tbr- jmrxly KngttKb cjountrv, bnt al 
in many diitricia where the Danea, tho' 
dominant, wcrt- few tn Dumber. Ibure mus 
have been a great slaughter. Nor can t 
guilt of this act be extenuated by deela 
ing thnr every man Among the Danes w 
a * pirate ' ( Gorman Vonauctt, i. ftU). It 
fxirly rert^tin that many hud settled down 
towns and werw livingin weurity. A curio 
notice exists of the )ilau|;h(«r of tlli.*e w" 
were living in Oxford : li is in a cluitti-r 
.'Etbelr<!d, and the king them eneaks of lU 
Danes as having ' sprung up in tW inland 
turx» among wheat,' au oxpression that ini 
cateathat men of bittb ru»'t'»wnrc liiing)>ii 
bv Bid* {EarUj Uitt. 0/ Oj/ord, p. IJi'O |". In 
tbischaTt^r.wluohbearsdatelUtll, V ' ■ I 
BpenliBofihiiii'vcnt nsa'mo.-itjuKt 
which lie had decreed with the ooun^t •>* 
witao. 

The only result of tho massacre m» t 
tlie luvaiiiins were renews) with more 
tem and det^Tmiiiation. 8wcnd himM-If 
with tho Beet iu lOIKl. That y.-ar thw otu 
fell on [lie west; Exeter was betraved lot 
foi.- ; an iitltiuiiii nindi' bv the local forces 
Hampshire ana Wilt-^hiretocomc to apitc hi 
liattir failed, and Wiltoa and Salisbury we! 
sacked ami burnt. On his return tbu 



who 



idi 



ii." 



•y*"] 



itlia 



Ethel« 



ji- 



Ethel red 



■ -■'.■:<] ■■■■■'(<]fii Kiut An(('''>.^"'™^^''"*• 

: rd. but met wilh u |fiiUint 

natsliniv fn.'tn xhv cftldnrmnn Ulfrvi^l, (li# 

hiMband nf on*' of ih*" Iriiiff's ilntij.''!iti>rs. 

It: T.H>5 Ihi-Tv yrns o famitif, !>■> Ili" Ht-nl 

l h«cb for ft wliile to llt-miiiiTk. Diirinp 

■ i-n nf raiK'rj' uolbui^ is Iniiiwii cif 

-nrc tbnt lie ihiuIp somo cTnn'i! to 

v and to 111* ibwns. Ksrly ibu 

Udwcvit, one en thoae douteelk 

;^ . .1 , . : :) look |)Ia(v which «^oiu> thelbo- 

jplilv Iwl ft^at^• of hi* courl. Tor some 

, n ih^ini named ^V^Ifgl>■I liod Btood&r 

tlinn aoT duo bIh in ttio king's liivour 

*1 uriinvt-d ron*idcnil>l« power of op- 

praMunn i}-uiK. Wiu.: Wulfi-eftt sppoarB m 

9B7( f'-di-T thpl. p. 6iiH}. All bi< iKDMHMionB 

frv now I'onlL'irdlfsi, ]inil)ftl:lv by the wm- 

.>r t'n- wiljin, as a I'unihijmont for thi- 

> lit* ha bad t;ivcn, nnd boonUHe 

llm kins'fl enemiec, Mor^ 

■,\L\',\r .Kthelrwl -was at Shw-wdlnirv, 

rivrf be leumv to havi- been huldine bw 

lurt. .Kirhflm, the eiirl of jatI of Xortb- 

ibria, t>Tii!pntly of IV-inL ( \ orkvbiru), wu 

brtmiMlyslniii, uudttrcircuinBlarifestlial, 

' iia wi- bno'vr them [see undnr Eadkic. 

lyi], pgtut to tli0 kinfi m lht> iriNl ^rat'ir 

I dMo. SUjnnlT afifirwnrdfl /l\lfholin"s 

nwre blinded by ,lJllielrf>d'n nnlvm. 

Itprotmhlc thai ibf tniiivlir ^f .l\!l'h<>lro, 

id pOMiblo tliut t)ii* lr>-a<<'^ii of ^Vuli'^il, 

n)«<r in Aume nnv have bt-cu roiini-rtf-d with 

B mid i^f Mnlrohii, kinj; of Sfoifl, ibnl took 

r" timt*; il wa* rbiN-k"?"! by I'htivd, 

■ WallliHtf, and ibe king nuido bim 

iIui>rU>lh tb« Niiribiiiiibrinn t^iirldoma, 

id aoon after ffavo him hii dniitditcr .'Elf- 

a uy wifp. Tlio fall vf \\'ulfKt'tit ciude way 

ibi- nM< of BiHilliiT unworlhy favourite, 

: v."*, whdin iLi- kiiiif 

i •■Mtdiirraim nf tlw? 

iKl \iii.)ni(irni'd another of, Ktht'l- 

cra. l.al'^r in tbovfar thi-'ptwil. 

...\. ■■— JnfromTX'nmark, Qiid th« 

.Ivt bflred made an- 

.. [Upland Ibc invadtT*, nnd 

M' !« of WctKU'x nti'i M'-rcia. 

ilu-f were under arm.", but 

r il i tlH> I^iinos uiurcbitl, 

iluiidiinil, nri'l <li-.:nirtd iw ibev would, and 

a rvtirrd to llu>ir ' fritb-fitoo),' tbc IsIq i>f 

ight, Atmil miiiwintirr thfy bvpin th«ir 

of dr«(nwticn afM-sh, and ,'KtbfIred 

Id a nt-y-i i«7 of ihe wlian to consult bow 

' l» «nvfd from utlvrruin. It 

<<lw1 to iiurckajw peace, and 

I lit waa wrun^ from Iho 

' in^-adcn w«.t 36.000/. 

tioruKwa sum the Danes 

tl ' for ftbont two jt%n. 




r&lli".l out ih'j 1' 



rnrk 



The year tOO!4 i^ th» dali^ of n strW of 
Itwit put forth by/Eihtln^wiih thcconnspl 
of the witau {Ancimf. iMtr*, y. i'iif). TbejT 
contJiin sevornl pood rpsnlulinii*, ri-pcot aomo 
iddnr ■•iinct int^iito, dral with eocledia^tinl as 
n-ell as !trcnlar matti^K, And forcibly expreaa 
■ M-nw of the pr^rain^ need of pat riol ic unity. 
Provi-sion ■vm* mudc for national d^feni-n ; ■, 
6wt waji to be raided and lo At(M>mbIa enob 
voar after Eaet«r. and duwrtioii iron Uw 
lanil-furce wa* to bu piinLihcd by n linA of 
\-M*. (a re^nactment of Im-'f law of '"fyTd- 
vitr'), and trhen tbn kinji; wkh in thi- field 
l.bt' life and propcrlv of the dweller were to 
be at biA nifrrty. tbft law» published at • 
witenaguuotbeldnl Kiiham 0^ p. I.'}.1)«i>«m 
to IjRlong lo about tln> «smi< date, and ar« of 
mncli tht^ snnie ctukrootcr. ProlMbly by mere 
cbancp, ihev do not mention thv presence 
nndantion of thi> kinf^. The Heet was nuMtl 
by an RWBwinent on evi-ri* »liire. inland aa 
w«na=»on th(' const. The hnndri-dwiu. taken 
a« the bnsis of ibe a»«>.'»Bm'.-ut, which was in 
«bip and armour, not in moiii-y. Krery three 
hundred bidea furnished b nhip, ovory (i-n a 
boat, every eight a bwlmrt and breajtiplata 
(E.MiLE, &Lnn Chnm. pp. XHi, 3.17; (h»*ti~ 
tntiunai IIiMt. i. 105; un the dilhouUira aa 
regards the a^acssnent, »«c alio fiormmt 
i\»niptt*f, \. 368 ; it doe« not M-em clear why 
it should hr> anppiwvrl that any part uf tbu 
levy affected private landownerR, nxrvpt as 
cont rihiitora lo the quota of their shire). 
.Kihelred'a oaaeMineut was qtintr-tl by St. 
John and Lyttclton actinji for the crown in 
Hawpd«l*» CBSP in IftJir iTnjni of Jahn 
Jlamtdrn, pp. M, ni ). TTie flwt r,,.] at 
Sandwich about Eai=t<'r llMI, nnd .EibeIn»(I 
bimwlf went aboard. An aneuwiliun was 
bronght ft(:ain]*t Wulfnolh. the *L'liiId' of 
theS(jutb-Saxons; lif; sailr.d ofl* with twent v 
shi]»au(n»i7anpIitaderin[;lbecoa(I. ^that- 
red sent his noriwir, Bfihirie. a brother of 
Kadiic- Sirr^ina, after luni wilh ciffhty fillips. 
Some of Brihtric'» ship were wn-cked and 
others were burnt by WulfnolJi. V'httn the 
kine lieurd this he wont hotm-, each crew 
(pok ita ship to London, nnd the ^.■M effort 
that had been mad>^ cjitnv to nnibini:. Tbvo 
aflwl camcuvL-r under the jarlTbiircytel (or 
Thurkill), and donii sOvr another under two 
other leaders ; f'anlerhnr>* and Kent pur- 
rliaM-tl |H-n(.", and tlie L>an>>« miIIimI to the; 
Inle of Wifht and tb<aice doraKtatud Iho 
eoutbem shiro«. /Ktbelnr<i now nrdenr*) ' ilia 
whole- nation * to be caUed out ; b« took tbo 
command of a larg* trmy, and b« and bU 
people arc said to hav« \ffrn |irepared loeon- 
(juiT or die (Flob. M'in.t (tnco ho int«r* 
ccplM ihrt enemy, but no attack wa? ma«]«» 
owinif , it is «aid, to tbo bad advice uf Eadric. 



^aeaa. 



Ethclred 



3« 



Ethel re( 



The nv>Kt!i cant inueil utiliittdertHl, aixl early 
failOlOOicfdR] wu<) burnt. LnttT in theyi-ar 
"Ea^i. An^Iiit w-jm ntmckml, iitid, afk-r « ifnl- 
lani tlioiif^li Hiisiirivwfiil rvaintunro by I'lf- 
cytol. W» tliyruiialily hurried. A wrk'8 uf 
nvagea fo1lnw''(l thni iK-m to linvtr crii^h*'^ 
idl ho[K< of ftulber redUlance. Ity tlie begin- 
ning; uf 1011 sixtwn shin's bud U-wi ovcr- 
Tiin (A.-S. iJn->n.) 'JIusa.KtbvlrflJ luid ibe 
'witiin OMuiii ofi't-n^I irihuU', Htid -1K,(XHW. wii* 
diMiinndt'il. l>uriD}r ttic truco ThiircTl^I'd 
flpci. Hxcked CiiiHi'rbury, n>ok An;Iil>i*.b"ip 
.4'^irbt?ah Tfj. %■-], ftii'l. tidff keeping; bini in 
cnplititT for a^wa muctliH, slew liim oa 
i;i April 1012. M^-unwIiili' «ii OKjunlllion. 
was niiiii'? cgAinat tho Welsli, wlio had imi- 
bubly token a'lvnntiipM "f thi- bIiiIm of tbc 
rmintry lo make miibi on Mfrfi» [sen unditr 
ljll>Uli.'J. 'I'tiP tribute MTit" pHid at last, and 
ihB 'great ficpt' dipipcr^-d. Tbiirpytol. with 
forty-fivo8liipif,1akii»ir wrvice iiinfor.Kt bel- 
ied, wtio pmmiMd lo niipply him and biA 
men with food and L'lothin^, ami ^nvt■ him 
mn estwti.' in l'^*t Au|{lia in riKtini for hiA 
<Mxii to dofflnd the cuunlry afTfiinfft nil in- 
vadi'rsC.-J.-y. Cftran.; Unrvmium I-'mmrr,'i.2; 
tientu Itf-iiim. **\c. 17fi). In tbp nnmrnflr of 
lOl.S Sn'-iid caint over wiib u spU'iidid fluet 
»nA ri-crivtd the suhmutslrtn f.f nil norrhcm 
>jiglniid. .Mihulpi-d shut hiiu§«If up in ten- 
don, and ythm the llatii^b nrmy, 6f\vT pil- 
InfrintF Mt^rcia nnd iiiarehiiiK wnstward lo 
Winch raster, luriitJ faf.r«-ard, and appeared 
bcfc-nsthf^ rity,n vijrurou^ dufunvc wum tuado, 
io which ibn king \* tuiid to bare 1x>n)e a 
fbrvmon part, nnd the anuy iigitin marcL^id 
into tb« west. Swi-nd v;».h furroalty cbosen 
M ktnff. nnd ,-Kihi^ln'il toolc Bhclter mi Thnr- 
oytersBliips.whichlay in th..'Thamwi. Emma 
WGtit ovt^r tn Nnnn»ndv t" brr brolhcr, lln- 
Vingfient tln^ twn sons fio had hy her to join 
her ihtre. A*i!i*d to ibp l»l>>«if Wicbl.sUywl 
ihcn* over ChriMinn*, Riid mHt in .lnniinrT 
lOVi cruiwi'd over toNnrmandy. H» isMiid 
10 harn taken over treasure with him fmtn 
Winehestar, aud, ihoiiKh th« c\\y waa tbt:>n 
in the hand* of Swcnd. it i« not impossibtf- 
tiiat Lift Tovnp? to Thurcyt«r» Matiuo, iho 
lele of Wig^t, may haie hi>en mad<' in order 
lo nect fiome keeper of the myal 'board.' 
H** WM hospitably recrivi^ by Dukt^ Iticbnrd, 
And nwided at Bouon (WlLL. OV JvxittiDs, 

Whi-n Swend di«l in TVhniar^' th« ' flwst ' 
chose his bod Cnut na kins, but alt the witan, 
clerp>', and laity dolcrmined to *cnd »ft«r 
jfilbrfrpd. Accordinaly be recfiived mw 
MDgvrs fn>iii lh« auemblv who told him that 
■ no lord was dearer to \\\vm than thi;ir lord 
hv birth, if 1m< wouhl rulu them rigbtUer than 
hv bad done before.' Then bti ecnt meeeun- 



i 



gen tri thit witan, and with tlH>Di ]|i« *nii 
SCadwarrl [sae KuWAltDTimruXfisMoa], pro- 
mitinglbnl bo <iroiild Tor ihv fiilnr*- ln> ag'Xiil 
lord to tliem, nnd would hf frnltt'-d hy ibr-t 
will in all thin«». A U^ ' ' i*| 

»''nt haok. aiiil m (Haf 
king of Norway ► hapjiiii' j n i..' m ^-imi 
Norman ^rt with bi.t xhip*, )io brou^^lil 
.Ktln-ln^l back to Knj^lond in Lvnl (Otii Bit 
Cvrj't't Ihett'itiit Itoiraif, ii. IIV(). tlu wi 
joyfully rcecived. nnd a Yritcmmemot w« 

uld in which tvmt; luwfi wi-n- publiKhix] cott-j 
laining nion^ ipnitl re.4nlntions, ami a dpcln 
imtiuMhst eccWsiust icul and eivular maUrr 
ou^ht to bit ilt-altwilb in thi: snm- h.4*>'ii|' 
blioe. At t Up. head of a lar^> force he marciu'i 
inio Ltmln«T. drore ('nut ont, ruvnsed ll 
dixlrirt andidaogblereil thf p^ile, cvi'lontl] 
as a punishment for the help they bad \tiy*il 
to hi4 on«mic«. Tho mli«Mction that wn 
fnlt at hi* rotiim waa lesrenvd bv hii> ord*; 
infTth&I lM.{K)0/. (A>'S. CA/wm.)'ot UO,(HIO( 
(Klok. Wlo.) ihould hv uairl to Tliiircytvl'i 
flM>t. riw! next year he held a creal )^niii 
nt Oxfunl, and during its Htwuon he, ar 
|iiT>1>ahly tbi.- wilau aUo, muxt fiavi> ^fff- 
to the treacheroiia murder of Sigff.'rth 
Morkere. chief lli*^f^« in t1ie8«Ten Jtoroughi 
hy Pjidric. il'i fionfi^cAt*"!! iboir prop^rtj 
and ordered Sipefenh'a widow to bl- kept 
Malracsbury. Conlrnry to hit winh Lia k>I 
Eadmimd taarried her. Whvnl'nut n^turooi 
lo Knglaud in Sootemher, jiCllmlred lay tic 
nt Corshum iu \\ilt)ihtrv. H'* vrat in Lun 
don I'arlv tliti next year, and wbi-n Kailuii 
gathi>roil an army fo opjxiseC^ut, bia It 
nrfuiugd t<j folhiw biiii niilr-M thi- kiiij; nnd if 
Londonera joined them, but .Kthelred 
probably loo ill lo do so. A Utile later ! 
joiniil ilio iclhi-Iing. Wlwn h-- had ilowi 
tw! waa told that there waa a plot agaiiuC 1 
life, and hv tV'reiijKjn wi-nt Iwck to X^ndn 
neain. Cnut w«!< n^■|lftrin|C to lay«iiyi< 
the citv when .Kthelred died there on 
Gcorge'sdnT, :j;i April, lOlfi, HcwbaI 
in Si. FaulV liy bi^ iir*f. wif«, .3"" 
had aeven sons, A^tUeUtan, who dieJ 
Ecgb^rbt, who died ii)x;ul lOJu ; Eadmuni] 
wlio»iicc«""ih'dliiin; Fladr^d; Kadtk-i.- 
tnan of noble chamctur un<] ki^i^' T 
(I'YOR. WlO. an. 11)1(5 ; f.>Jlfa /.'.;. 
1^), who van Imniahed hy ('nut nnd wi 
slain by bia order in 1017; Eadgnr; i 
EftdwaM (Codf-r Dtp!. i>. 7l4>; and (i\ 
rently three dau^bter», \VuIfhild,m»iTiei] 
L'lfcytel, nmldorman of Eual Anjclia: Eodi 
^Ui, married (o I-^adric Strvma; and ^dfl 
gifu, married lo Karl Uhltvd; tb».>Kihel*t<'' 
who full in hattlB with tha l)anf« in 10 
and in colled l)in kinjj^'a «iin<in>low (A.- 
Chron.', FiAa. AV'm.), wna probably .1^theI 



Ethelrc! 



33 



Ethelret 




fn sister's son (IIksby of UtsiixGlwsf. 
^second wifi-, Vjiim*, hi> liml twn sons, 
vrlio came to the throne; anfl 
^[q.T.\ who WM «laiii in KUt>; knO a 
IiKt, (roiiipfti, wUo mftrriKi. first, Drogo, 
of Mantes; and, nfttirwards, Kustaci.-, 
suit llf BoulOgDB. 
fT.i'i!i> m'l U- HililDd to Dr. FrofliiMii'it accoaut 
nr ' N'onriBnCoiMiuwt.i. 285-11"; 

?»luJiLlo «l)..i tiny w*r uo llw inlripiwt "f ilie 
Mtirt. but <u)m» of hit Htatcnimtn apprAT fuici- 
fill ; lAppiinU-Ta'* AnitloAu.'jn Kinjfi. lniii«. 
Tborpr. li.lMwj.; Ani{j^S»»onClir)n.; tlon-uc" 
of Worci«t*r : Williim of Mnlmusbury, Owia 
R«gxini -. KFtuMp'a Codes lli|>l. tuI. iii, (nil En^i. 
UUf. Sue.): ll*'!)!? of Uiintiuiploa, Mud. iri*t. 
Brit.; AOiun of Bremen: Eo«>niiuinKinma>. toh 
Ber.Qrnn. Script t.,l'i^rte: William of Jumifgos, 
I)aiJ>esB*. llirkcr'i Ividj Uiit.of l>(ford(Oxforl 
1Iiat.S»c.): VilifuKon aiid Powell's Oaqtos Poet. 
Dwwl*; Trjml of John lUmbdeai. Eaq.. 1719; 
StnbU'i Ooa»titiitioc»I HLat.] W. H. 

KTRKLRKD, jf-rTFTKLRED, AILRED, 

orAELREDdl'B'f'-lltHii.hifiinriralwriter, 

t)ii}ii(;)ii [lurhani man byfunitv — forlit^wiu 

the ti^ndwin of Eifrtvl, Ron oi W*-3ton, rb- 

crisUnof Murhnm, a faiumLs collector orrv'lics, 

■whowTw living in lU'ifii ICnnt^Ai.t), B. C'ufJi- 

tifrtiSvatvjv i.'elivaHi^n,JIi»l. J}untlm,£wl, 

uu e. 7)-''TrM bnm nt llcxliam in 1 ItM, and 

^B* 6 titc Min of I'lilau, a i>ri>-itl, wliu vtv* the 

^bpatv of I he noii-reii<Ii?nt prnvo-it of the 

^Kurcfi of ][«>j[tiain (Kiumakq of ITkiiiaii. 

r. y; Fii'ti fubor. 108-9). As <t <-\iM }i« isnaii] 

In bare Rivrn proniae of his fut.iirc san«itT, 

mnil to iiav«- iin>plirniie<i tliftlwithof o btid rtrcfi- 

l»iiJio|i of York. TliPwiitoreof .'Kthcln^rsliff! 

in 'Ada SS. B<iUhd<).' find n dirKciiUr in lliis 

nturv ; fiirLbfiiinly ari-liliisliiipivlioni it would 

fit in puiut of dAt-i! in TbomiLq II (d. IIMI. 

»f>ri hf WH* W no mpKns ii bad inan ; while 

^ ' nrd, who wrtftinly WM not a 

I 111 IIU^: and iliftj fug^ft 

lii^t .L^ti.tr.-'l may haver Iimd bom somo 

yvtn twforo UOtJ, th«^ dat^o al which thu 

1.- ■ liioarapher plares hi* birth bvb!« 

1: 'lilt hf liveij tu the mae of fifty- 

>. 1 u li L*. howcTer, ijiiit'; |Kiuiblp that 

the biotfruphn- may bare hiid ■» iniperTecc 

I ..... I .1... of Ihp drnlingii of Thomas with 

I'ltiher, wbotn Iw iiiduood to ffivr 

.it IIi-xbHm (ift.). and may tb«r«- 

' \cn lhi> archhi^hoii n bad chanto- 

Irid 3r."u' Li- I'omb io the court 

!. u one of the 

v, nn^l while iheta 

•i uutoncB of bin tvtutum* 

f'ornrinfr one of his «neiaiei 

r><il him. Pavid was nucli 

u , and wuulil Lave nudo bim 



a bighin', bwt h«) pn-f^rrBd lo Iwcome a monV, 
and Miliired the CUtercian nhhcy of IticYonlx, 
in ihf North Riding of Yorksliire, founded by 
WRtt.fr E-t^.^: ;ri, v.] in 1131. Thi-rcT be helil 
ihoodiccot masterofthe novices, and ahowed 
f^rvat l^mb-moM and patience in dijAlin^with 
Uiase undor his clmrg«. lie bec&me aliboi of 
iteveeby in Lincotnsliire (Jomf or Fktbh- 
noEOUUfTf p. 78), anothi^r Clsicnrian bouae, 
founded in 114:f, whvr<; he wiis probably tlw 
fir*t nbbot. In 114U he waa ehoaen abt«ot of 
Uiuvaulxi and rvturuvd ihitber (JutlK of 
Hr.sii*if, i-ol. ^74). 1 W .'videnti y utood wi-ll 
wilb Hunry II, for i( wus largely due to hia 
exbortacionc tliat ihc liin^f jninwl I.pwii» Vll 
of Frwico in m««tinz AWander III nl Tonoi 
in Sept^mb^r llt{2(JoiiN m- PkiKKnoKuusu, 
n. "U; fortho intiTrvir>w, IIorkut he Mostb, 
iJorntTBT, xiii.307). Although sullWiiiKfrom 
ill-bealch, ho att(^ndo(I tbfr diaptor of bis 
ordur nt Citvaus, and on hitt way thithvr ho- 
nn to compose n rhythmical proae eulogy of 
St. Cutbbsrt, for whom hv, as a nunnlrar of 
B Durham family, had a 8p*>cial vfntTittion. 
\S'hpn at Cit^aiix be laid o^ide tfai^ worlt. 
On his hciKU'ward joumny bo was acccom- 
jKinifHl byAi->v<>ral ottwr nboocs, &nd the party 
waa deUyii'd fifu>en days by cootrury winds, 
which pri.-YontiNl them from enbiirking to 
crow the Chaiuiel. Declaring that hiatit;gkic( 
of St. CutbbiTt was tho cuiuc of this delay, 
fatt rusumvd Ilia work, and tb« wind ai once 
became favourable (ItEtii.v.iLR, /I. CtitMert, 
p. 17t)). Xothini; more itt known of the 
Com|Ki«ition. He wan a friend of Rr^iiuild, 
l.hn monk of Durham, and efttt bim to visit 
the bwmit 0"dric. in onW to gaiii mnlj^nals 
for writinjr hia life, a work in which /Rtln-l- 
rv.-d assisted him. Uvgioald alfw wrote hia 
' Life of St- f'litiilv-rl.'al bi« r>H|ii<!«L and with 
hiii hi'Ip, and cites him as Ilia auth'irity for 
tieveral of the brgends it contains (i^. pp. H'i, 
57, 60). On 13 Oct. UflS he wm pretcnt aC 
the traniilatiou of Eadwar^l Ibe Confessor at 
Westminster, and oflcrcd his 'Life of the 
Ccmfvseor' mad a bowilyon tbc word^'Nvmo 
acci-ndit lumen," written in his praise (Jonn 
oP ]'b*niKR'JU0UOii, p. 79). Thu m-xi year 
bij wont nil a miMion to thn PictA of f}allt»> 
WAT. who WDn< then in a wild and undrilieod 
condition, ciini>1nnlly figlitin^ amon^ tlism- 
sidvr!), and ounk in vice and vnorance. Ho 
was at KirkcudbriKbt on 20 Itfarch. IIo 
induc«-<l the chief of thn Pirta Wi h>>com« a 
monk. Ko also visited Melruee in the pre- 
sent Rox burgh sb ire, and Lauderdale in the 
preaent Itonvick«bir« (M. CutMterl, pp. 178, 
188). Duriug the Inst t«m yearn of bis life lu* 
anflfired much from both f^ut and stooc, but 
in t\i\i» of hit! bo<lilv wcakntws iiontiuurd to 
, oat K> fporingly that ha was ' mora like a 



Ethel re< 



34 



EthetrcJ 



fliost rhanft uiaD'(rV/'>,iinoii.t All through 
l4ii'i 1)1^ was troubled with a. hitrd oaugfa, so 
tltst vftun, when b« roturned from mass, he 
eonid neither Rpesk nor tnmi; but lay cx> 
luasted on hia pallet. It ia said tlul one 
dny, vrhtn IiIk otokiMU was v«iy sore, aa he 
•at OD a mac beA/re the fire wilh his head on 
his kni.-es, ont' of the moiika cama into the 
room, and, after declariu^ that h» was only 
sliainming, threw him, mat aod all, uti th'o 
fim. The othfT monliB pickt>il hiro off And 
laid hold of thi- uOuQik-r. But tht saint da- 
c]at«d tiiat bn wan not hurt, onler<-d lliat nn 
puniahmeat should be inflict^ on his a^t^l- 
ant, aiid kinM-d Kiid fonrnrn him (t&.) He 
died on 13 Jan. 1 1f>6,al tilt; age of (iftr-wren, 
and was buried at Ripruiilx, whftre Ijelnnd 
gaw hi« tomb, which wa^ adomod with f^ld 
and Mlver. FI« urtis caDooi^ed in 1191. 
ScT^ral fomiR of his nnm<* orrtir bosides those 
givvn at the hmd at t hi* article. 

^1 haired wrotosovoral hiatoricatand thtto- 
lopcal works. All that hare beeo prinlod, 
with thx I'xCAptlnn of the book on tn« H«x- 
ham miroclev, will he faund in Mi^t>'<i 
' Palrologin,' lyxcv. 105 »q. Paris, lft55. His 
histrtripal works are : 1. 'A'jta et Mirociila 
S. EdwHjdi Itegis et Confe^soris,' written aC 
the tvqucst of Lawrenw, abbot of W«l.min- 
ater, with ft nroloa^e addreaaed to Ue&ry 11, 
This biopra]>liy was d«riv(>d from an enrlier 
lifrt hj OflV^ri or Usbura of Cl&ro. prior of 
WeetmioAter, and was compiled for thn 
tmni'Iation of tbi.> Coafiuaor's body in 116S. 
It hoM in turn Ih!«ii made tlut (fra mid work tif 
a mftriiMt lifo of thuOonfesMir.wrirtxtn about 
th^ mi-Jdln iif th« tlurttvnth centurv, and for 
a Latin poem of the reign nf iT^nrj- VI, 
both printed in ' Lives of Edward the Con- 
frs»rtr,' mi. I.itnrrI (Iti)lis ^r.) It has al«o 
been TeniGad in Liitin elo^no^, a work oft«n, 
though ormneoiisly, attributed t« .-Kthelml 
hitnaclf { I<rARi>). ' .liihclrt'd's ' Life ' is in a 
mutiltttedfonninCapffTavoV'ljeitendaNwTn,' 
1510, in iho ' Do Prohntis tlS. Iliatorits ' of 
Surius, i. 127 wj., C'olotruo, 1670, in the 
' Vit« SS." of Suniw, i. 62 sti. C-olofriu; 1017, 
and in 'Acin SS. BoUaiid.' Jan. i. p. 29S 
wi. Antwerp, l()4H. It Wiut fur the first lime 
aaetiuati'ty prest'iitcd by Sir Itojrnr Twynden 
in til"' ' Dttwia H<rriiilJtr>T«,' en!, ."JOSt f^i]. l,oii- 
don, IftW. 2. 'Ih* Bello 8tandnrdii,*B Tolu- 
abln tnirt on the battle 'of the Standard,' 
fought n««r Xorthallftrtrtn S2 Au(r. 11^8, 
between the army of David of S<x>tland 
and the forces of northern EnsUnd. In 
this narratire Walter Kspi'c is made theprin- 
cipal iMidef on the Ecclish aide (oomp«i« 
th« account givtm hy HrarBT op Hcxnwa- 
vas). lliis tnwt M inTwytidOTj,c<ilB. .SS7- 
346. 3.*I)cQeiierositat4] , . . rv^ia l>avid,' 



Pinkertons 'Vitw B8. Scotia*,' p. 437, 
ia really n part of -1. * He genealogia n^ 
Anclonim, which contaifis wimit uix-fut 
tioM of the familr of Mnl.-olra, inoamnU-t 
preseDtad by Twysden, ool, 347 Bq. *. * 
Sanctimoniali do Wnllon,' a moat reTfi 
ing story of moiiaiHic life (Twysdca, 
41G «q.) a. ' Vita H. Xiuiinl.' of no Ti 
(Capgrare and Pinkerlou). 7. *I>o Miroc 
UafTUfitaldeu^is Kcck-si* ' (MabilUin, ' Ac 
KS. 0.S.11," i. 1'04, Venice, and in Cat* 
Eaine's ' Priory of Hetbam,' ii, 173 «q. Dii 
ham, 1?«4, S«rt4>rti Hoc.) H. ' iJo fum' 
tiono Mrtnusteri^mm S. Maria' Kbor. d« 
Fontibus' imprinted M.S. C. ('. C. C^amh. 
T. IS. ft. ' Kpitaphium rviriim Sooionu 
apokeii of by John of IVterbon)n«Ii, ia ^o 
sibly a mistake for the 'De Generoeita 
David;' if a distinct work it is pmbalj 
lost (btit f^e Wright, Itiil. Pn't.), aa ahto] 
the • rbythmica prow ' of Itej^nald's »lu 
quoted above. Tne ' Marpariup Vita, rwjiii: 
Scotife,' attributed to .Elhvlred by Wnj 
and othent, mad printed by 8uriita 
' Acta SiS.,' is not hia work. It aiip 
be an abridcment by Capgrnve of the 
commonly attributod la Tiiffrot. with mt 
addilioni taken from .^-^thnlrwl < H 
o/ MaUrioU, ii. Sftl). 10. *C1. 
Adam ad Ile.nricum 1 ' Ja wrhnj" i wn 
see Uakdt, as above), This ^oi'lCri 
|irobahly a continuaiioti, smms \o bera 
to by ^'ihn of Poterl>i rough, who ut 
1 ! JS3,p, 77.wril«a, ' Hie (inil cliroiuca Aln 
The tlieolojpcal w>irks of .-Etli.-livd were 
collerted by Richard Gibbfin*, H,J., who ' 
eludes several of the moc^ iutponant in 
'Lhvra Diri .\elredi Rhie^alloni'!*,* Dot 
IGltl. l«.^l. They are: 11. 'isormonea 
Onere Biibylonijs'on In. e. riii, sq. (Qih^M 
• Bibliother* Cisli^riVienfiium,' y. ^ifO ; * Ma 
Uibl. Vel. Pot.' xiii. I-l^l, Cologne, lUt 
' Maxima Bibl. Vi't, Pnt.' xxiii. Lyons, IfJ"* 
12. 'Speculum Charitatis' (Oibl)-"!* ai 
nthor*). VA. 'Compendium Spociili Chs 
iaiia.'written bufore tht? l«r)»erwork, and 
pandixi byniim-Jtt, 14. ' l>eSiaritt 
citift,' a treatise in llic form uf a dij 

lik» the ' Pe Amicitia ' of f 

ntid othen>, and in 8. Aup 
15. 'De duodecimo anno t,I.,,.-., 
and others """^ '" ^- Berimrdi Opera, 
flW). 10. 'S<Tmoneis'(lw(«nt>-tivi'>,m'l»t( 
('i*lerc-' V. i&i aq., c<rtRin homiltea are 
Combefls (hr a misprint in WriRht'a ' Bifl 
I.il..'Oorab«'^n«),'BibI. Pnt-Crtncinnal.' Pat 
liifi* (Tanner"), and the homily '!*« Nal 
Domini' in th*" new edition of Com! 
Paris, IftW. I". * K'T'tlti •'ire In-filTifl 
Inclosanim,' Lucas " 
lt«gularum,' pt. iii. p. I ! ■ ■ 



Ethelstan 



35 



ithehvert 



iWa. ntfl <fd. Mftbillon, Puis, I7IU, uIm^ in 

S, Auffiiktiui Opera;' cf.' l*atroli>i;ift ,' 

cxA. l4o1. 18. * D« Nntara Anlium,' 

loffuct, nut |iniitei1, in llodl. ^18. ot.', 

ucrihed in RritUti Miueum Lanad. 

PSHO. 111. ' Fftsrii-iilus fmndiuai,' lott. 

r"' EpUlola-,* Iwr, (WBtOHT}. 

rVii* S, Aelraii. ftoon. AcNi SS. BoIIaikI 

. 30 i Rf^imldi 3Iuii. Duo^lm. >iv 

n. CnthUni. pp. 176-8. 188, cl. 

ini-; » lUi S. Oodrifi. pp. 19, I7:t. 261J, «d. 

infUMn; Pr>w7 t>f Bcituitii, prof, ii, 173, 

ia« (nil !ttin««!vic.), ^Iim<y>Q of Durham. 

Iti«lni. Ecclcaiir, t-o!. 31 ; Hi<?hurd »f Un- 

Ijbi>L 30S ; John of Roxhnm. col. 274 (all in 

ep) ; John of P«(e»boroiigh. pp. 77-8V, «L 

, Rai&e'a Fasti F.bor. pp. ISft-S ; Tfoloa 

Hrit. ('jit. will. 2. WTipt. 99; Tnoat-r'a 

Jrit. p. 247 ; ■Wriehi"6 Rioj*. Lit. (Anslo- 

B«n), p. 187; GUrdys Cot. of MatvmlK, i. 

S, li. 248, 294.] W. U. 

FrrHELSTAJI, jETHELSTAN, or 

..^^-FSTAN iJl.UiCi, ..jililnrninn of Ewt 

n of .EHieln-d (Kkiibli;, Citdes- 

- 1, nr.iwtl)ly frranilHon of /Ethclrccl I 

V.,, ana ceTiAlnlv a member of the 

ftl bouM of Wcwci, liad hia Mtrimoaial 

■ions ia tlie pruvioec of Dvvon, nud 

tigt^ Ihem for an estate at UalBeM 

it9DK>. fid VAS Rinrlo pjiltlumian of 

ii« lir his kinKinaii jlCthrlManaliatit 

^cDipI.Mt^). JIfl married .T*'lfwpn. 

cwnu fotili.'r-tmilher to Kndgar, Hnd 

nlablr a aUtfr of Hidnnth. hUhnp of 

»t<'r (lii'fQria Hamvf.y.b-i; U'jiiehi- 

fi' is »otn<* ditriciiliy an to the statc- 

imit that. .-l^thelstanV wife wiu a t^ftor-iii- 

Uio rnldorman Urihtnnlh, hut Th>> 

wen* doubtlfs» allii^l hy marriage 

l#f, JWi ii. 7, ti). /Eth»-Utan k-ld « 

p1w(' in thckinirdoiii duriti); Ihi? natfii of 

junil ; li:» priivmro was uf larKi.' i-xtpnt, 

llhirr thin or in lh« ntfil rt'itrn hi" wni> 

iii-f cnhhirmnii. and was failed h_v the 

uf tlalf^lting ( /lutontt Unmtvt, 

. ; rifo 0*italtli, p. ■128). Thr..ii)jhout 

ppicn of Kadml }iu name Mandii |^n«- 

pf not invariably bi*fon' ihnse of lh« 

»cn ill lbet<>^te of phnrli-rs (lb« 

I attv«t4 Ojdfr Ifipl. 4yO wiis ' 

'aniTtbBr e«JdoriDftii). Hl' was a, 

}i\ of l>iinstAn fq, v. fiir nolicti nf their 

»titp;, and vvidcnlly uplield litni and 

i-tuuthrr in ih«ir ndmini^trnliDQ ! 

raifni.i III r.^iikinr-ilhi<ipo^iEirinundiT ' 

_' thnl it hsd become in- 

'Vtini (Dent, Olid i-nt*rcd | 

litonbiiry, pn?a<-niin|^ ii 

•*i! i'h AN'nngton iji Somt-T- 

T)ljablj in '.'rtJ, and befnrt' 'Ji* Nov. 

fear, wfauii bl« eldotl Km apptuua us 



< eal'Iorninu (ii. 41{f ; Jliston'a Jtatnet. p. 1^; 

I'tVrt OfiCftlili, p. 4'2S). It lu« been aascrted 

tlint he foiitiiiued oaldormaii until 967 (.Vu/^ 

man Cunntiett ,\. I'BU), but tbi^ afisivtioii reata 

on a cotuiiHiDu belwt-t'ii hiiu uud Luut her r>al- 

I donuaii of thK flaui^ imnie, who atl>-Ktit char^ 

I tore at tha eiuhh time and for foraB yivm «ft«r 

; hi«rf<tiri!<ment. 11b li'fi fi>uriiim<i by jTOfweu: 

.l-'rhelwold, who BU<axedMl liitn, inarri«d 

,KlftUrytb. daui;htRr of Ordgor, caldorraan 

uf Ibf^ w>?«t prMviTiii-ii, afViT^vardj* ihe wif4 of 

King I'^idfrar, and di'.'d in \y^-2 r&e<i KuuiRfor 

lef^iid of bis d<'SthJ ; .ilClfn-oId, who appears 

lofttt#8tiwihi-pi (Ot*.!- A>/. 41)l.fiOS)nflflr 

' bU elder brother's d'?ath, and ia naid on K'jod 

I authoritj to have become exoc«din[c'7'P<"*^P- 

ful, though he doo-t not app>>aT (u 1iaro bvoa 

I tm ealdormaii yVita Oav\tldi, p. \-lii\. miir~ 

H(.'d.£lfhild,diL'dbefur<] lOU-^andwua buried 

at HaniM7 [m^e further un<l«r fCTHRl.WlXRJ; 

.t'tbelai^, who nUo atteeU as thegn, and 

.l^tiielwinp. Tl haN b<!cn attg^-vtilod that 

on ,-KcheUtnn'ii death \\\» naldnrmanrj wm 

ported araonif bU sous t Coiiyur»t i)f Engiand, 

p. sod), but tiMsro Mxm,% no ground for Iha 

suggest ion. 

[Biatori'i RumaitiDab, pp. 11,09 {ItoU«Ser.); 
nil*. Klii-nflif, ii. e. 7. S l,G«U) ; Keml-le'n (%idfti 
l)i(il.ii. 183-322, iNiii«ii](l-:iii(l.li;sL.StK.}; Vila 
Owwalrli.liistJrioBMof Vcirk. i. 428 (Rolls 3er,>; 
Memorials of I>un(^iaii, p. 4<(RolI« i**r.); liA- 
WrlHuii'ii lli>i[OTic»l I^H^ay*. fp. 170-Sl ; OroGo'a 
Cooqui-tof KnaUiid. up. SCO, 28(1, 310: Free- 
mun B NoTunn Conqnch. i, 269.1 W. H. 

ETUELWERD or .fiTHELWEAHD 

(rf. til's'-'), ehr<jniolor, who, ftoixiniinj; to bja 
own tla't-ment, waa BTtal-ffrcat-grnndson of 
Kiu)^ .ICthoIrcd, elder brotlior of Alfrwi, 
wrot« a short Latin chronicle in which ho 
Blyleii hiuiself ' I'atricius Consul Fabius 
(juiBslor,' the first two titloa merely fli)niify- 
IDK tliat liu was un eahtorniaiii uud the n-et 
IxtiiiK a rhetorieal flimrisb. It is probable 
tliat ba may be ideutitied with tha --Elhid- 
wt^nri] d>-«cribrd in the teM^ of a cbnrti;r of 
997 afl the t-aldonnan of tlie weetom pro- 
vinces (Kkkbls, CW<u- Tii^. 698), n title 
which weniB lo signify that he ruled orer 
Jh'vonnhire, Dorsetshire, and Somerwtshire, 
(bat bowasthefathcrof.KlhelinitrthoOrftftt, 
who tucoeedod to hi* ollic*-, the foiuider of 
Ccme Abbey, and the friend of .-Elfric the 
Orammarian (tho date at which \w ccatwe to 
»tl*-0t etiartrr* sm^ma to luako it impoiiaible lo 
identify him with .ICihelweard the eueceamr 
or.-EtlwlniiKrj.tbatlwjiiiiit-d with Archbishop 
SiffrTic and the «wMorman ..■Rlfric in 9<>l in 
making the peace by which the Danes were for 
Xhv timl time bouffbt off (TnoRfB, Ancir^t 
Imw*, i. 2t^ 1 ), and tliat in tK)4 ho accouipanied 
13inhop .lUlf lieah on an embassy to Olaf of 

i>2 



Ethelwerd 



36 



Ethehvine 



Korwaj, uid persuaded bim tu meet King 
j-V'thpIrm) nt AndoriT «nd mxlcv ■ Itutlng 
ppocp with liim. He •Kitn^ttaeA Beveni char- 
tore as ealdonn&u from i>7& (o 99S iucluure 
(KEin>T,K, ihdr.r Dipt. ftflO-rOfI), nnd M ht8 
■ubficripttoQft appeftr to coasv in HW, it may 
bfc ftu[ipa«c<l that Ito divxl in or nboiit thiit 
year. WUlinnt of Maliott^burj', who calU 
the cbmnicler 'Klwardvic,' dowribea Iiim bb 
'itlustrioiisundino^ifi(r<.>iit.' (Prolog. Gftta 
Jieytim). H<f wrote !ub clitonicle for hia 
kuuwoman, Matilda, the pvar-great-CTand- 
daugltter oi Alfred, who wiui aujian-utly tlii' 
daughter of Liudulf of Suabia. Ihi: ann of 
the Qurnisn Iting, Otto (aflvmards empnrar'), 
by Kiwi^'tli, ilimglitrriif l-*A<ltt'iinl Him KIdi-r, 
and who married Ohiuu, count ol' Milan, and 
dWil lOll ( Stbv »:si*(ix). Th» climnitl"? of 
/Ktli«lv<«r(] roniiixtit of fniiri«hnrlboolui; the 
first begiDH wuh thecrpntionaiid goes down 
to 4411 ; the early part of the botik tmetOB to 
bo tiikoQ fn>nt ttouif atwtriCts of Inidoru't 
' UriffiiiM.'lbe rest eomM from 3t»da. The 
raoiaiiidcrufliiswurkiii&inui^'n'ediapilalioR 
from th« ' Aufflo-Sai'm ( 'hrouii-Ii-.' It «»i- 
dcntlv rpprea^'UtJ! stime version of the 'Chro- 
nicii' wliic-li duL-e nol vxist now, wnd uivv» 
BomefRW fartfi thnt ai* nni found elsjewlierc, 
a«, for example, thai the i-aldonnun, IIun,who 
fflln: Kllanduae, wa.* buried nt "Wincln^ter, 
which et^'ius the only hint wt- have as to the 
locality of Ihu ViatTk-. In tht« way .l^thel- 
wcard'a work baa done good aerviei-, for it 
baa helped hiMnrinns to arrive al the way in 
which ihu hiKik geHi.-rii) ly ealtcd t he ' Atitf lo- 
Hax'in Cliroiiiele' was ri-ully writt«'n. Ilia , 
work cnde with a l.nlin tninxlMtioiiof uueof : 
lUi'piiKmstui liuilgar, llwlaal ilate lieing U7a, ■ 
Tlia I'hronoiojjy in confiispc! ; he soarcely over 
munTiuui a voar, nod simply dates hit uvetite , 
Tjy xtiitirii; t\m( thrr l<vik jilace a year, or two , 
yearii, after the evonts last recorded. Hia 
■tyk ia alTected and oWum. 1 1>- w>« utterly ' 
Cftivleis of gnucraar, and aa with thift cnrii- I 
IvMDess be combine] an ntteinpt to write ' 
tcrMly,bei'!eoniGTimeAalmrv;it imintelllgihlti. j 
At lhf> raniu time hia ehronicle haa an ini- 
p-^rtant plaee in our literary' histoTy as the 
work of a layman at a lime when eccle^ia*- 
tie-» w»Tr« t!te only people that wrott uiu— 
thins. Stranpely euyufh. Uii^hup Nicjl«ori. 
tliinkini;^ tluit iIik .MutiMa forivhcim .Klhti- 
weard wmte was liie wife of the Coof{uerur, 
dfclfires thai ll is wrtain tlint hv waa aliv« 
in UKK) 1 KufflUh Itvtt. TJAraty, p. 40), and 
still more atranf^ly Wrifiht uureserredly 
aeccpte Ike tHshop'a opinion. Someof-^-'lhet- 
wvard'a blundera are ^rha^s to be attributed 
to t hecarelcaaneu of kia original ed itor, SavUe. 
The only tnauuuripl of lh« chronicle known 
to hsTv' ■!xist«d waa in tbe Cottonian col- 



lection, and waa burnt in 1731. Tbi»^ 
innKribed by Savile and printed jn 
• Scriptorts post ItiRdam,' London, KiQC. re- 
printed inor« carelfSdlr, Fniukfort, IWI. 
.,4-^thelweBrd'a chfjuicln is al»o includird H 
the 'Monumenta Ilictortca Itriuiniiica,' It. 
wht-r^ I'etric lui* n-printed SaVilft's text, f^\ 
ing vtnendflliona in ftrot-iioiu. ll has bi-e 
trnnii|at.i»] by Giles in hi« ' Six Old Iiluglij 
Chpjuiirlfji," and by StL'TMLVin in vol. ii. 
' Churvb liiEttjrians of England.* 

[Liitlo can bonddixl to wbat Sir T. D. 
hn«Mi<l About J-^ihelnranl in Mod. Iliat. 
ptrf. p. 81, •ml I'-iS. of MMfHsIa, i. 571 
(Rolls 8<>r.): I-nbii Kilidwctdi Oino.. Ma 
lli.it. Bril.499-A21: A -ij. I'hma. Ann.091. Mig 
FliiTMiCB of Woreniitcr. i. 152(Kiigl. Ilirt. 8oe ] 
Witliiim of Malnievbury. I'r«lij|tw* to 0< 
R«^um(Ke^1. Ilift..So>.\); Robocttop'aHirtor 
Euajr*. pp. 178, IHH; rrremnn'* Nnnona Co| 
<|it«rt, i. 305, 318; Slr^-(;u•tin's Cbaivh Diarc 
riaaa, ti. pref. is; Gt-nt. Mo^ . lt<A7. p ISOa^.r 
an an. by Riter iu tke fona of a r«riev of 
Oilca's Hod StereaaiiD's Irnndaiiona ; WrJAht 
Biog. Lit. (Aiiflo-fSaxoa). p. 623.] W. U. 

ETHELWINE, .CTHELWINE, or 

ALLWl?I(i/,i.1lL't,ei.i(!«'r:i:Liit<.ri:u.-I.\i.p!in, 
fourth and youn^!;t m>ii of the enldurman 
.'Kl hi-l<<taM, cjiIIhI tlm Ilalf-kiug [o. r.j, and 
his wiffi .-Rlfwen ilfut. Rom^n. p. i:i; accor^l 
ing to the conteuiporarj- author of the VH 
0«ivrJU>',p.-l2!l,'fmterl«nius,*hattheItain.*( 
historian la not likely to have been mielnkmi] 
snf^^MH to the eaIdorman»hip of I*i 
Aui;liu OH iho death of hi§ eldest hrolhc 
yElhelwold. in yiW Tsec undrr ErncLATi 
and CtinMiJ. iboiigli^ie hud two elder br 
tbera, .KJfwold ntid .KtbelKige, then livti: 
.Klfwold, howcTer, ia said to have been 

fi-jw<-rfultlialhedidnotcan.-(otnketlH'uffie 
le may havi; «r'-ferreJ unotKcinI life ( t'ii 
OffLoUi). .'Bllielwinewns a lib>>rnl nun^Kjrtl 
of thtt new ll<-ne<lictinv revival, mm tbef 
can be nodouhi thai the intlueno! be hi _ 
over Knilgar, vrho married bi» i-iMer-in-laiir 
/Kinhrt'th, had iiuich to do with tho eagvr- 
neM with which the kiog acted in tbe mt 
cnasc. Considerable rivolrr w-ema to bai 
exiiled U-twei-ii .l-lthelKiue and Ilrik 
the eiildortunn <if the Ka.4t-.Sa.Tona, on \ 
fi'U.'. and .Elfberv the .Mercian ealdc 
who !<uce>n-d*-d III thi' ]io<<iti'>n of chief 4 
man formerly behl hv .KThelwiiiv'A 
{('inif.r Jjijil, pp. Wl *<y'), on the iithe 
.'Kthtl wine's raonnittic: admirers record tl 
he was handsome, cheerful, and though 
literate endowed with every virtue {JTU 
Hamtt. Tf.'-iX); bat they owed him and \ ' 
bouse too much to be Minting in their pmia 
He chaucL-<] to mee.t (V.wald, bishop of Wo^ 
cetl«r, at the funeral of a certain thogn 



^theluine 



37 



;thelwoI 







Glutoabunr, uul ihe bisbop iirsecl him to 
baild « ttioaoitery. Sometime )>;forc he hul 
Iwd a bad atuicli of gout in his feet, uid in 
<tb«(iiKni;H lo n Tii>>i}n and u mintculoTU rutYi 
Toodunfed by St. R-netlict, lie had ni»«d a. 
itUn TV(i(»dcii <-hiircb (m the i*l« of U^ntsty 
alluntingdrrnsbire.&ndhfuiput threumoiik* 
here i ib. p. M'* ; (Wrx Dipt. .'.81 ). When 
^d tJii« to the biahop be exbon<^ him to 
on tha work, and prDouaeti to H>ntl htm 
•om« monks imm hxs houiw »t WMlbury, 
The monk(« nimc. and in 9(18 he bepaa liw 
buililin^, erwting a Btone church wilh tiro 
toircn-, onf nt the wisl end. i«m1 th(> fitbt;r in 
(-. ■ I- - *in([(iii columns and arch«8. It 
in i>74, nnd he tras prui'nt at 

d* I. \iy Oswald on 8 Nov. He pd- 

dovc-d it tvjili mauj- (;raiit<t of land, and 

broFogbt iJiitJier fiom W ukt-rin^ in l^«(?x the 

boom nf tl»' iimnyni .l-Illiilrtd and .Kthel- 

brihc, two Kentii^n n'thlings alain in 6(t4. A 

cWiniaat sp|x»ar<f<I fi.>r (ine of the ^Ntate* b(^ 

gave lo thi> hou.i^. which .w dimmed thf 

valdorman that he wished to etiiy him, hut 

was piyvcn)<Ml by the prior. No abbot was 

claetvd wtulu he aud Ui^wald, who werv mn- 

aideivd joint faunders, livrnl; they .OiartM the 

p>Ti>rnmrut of I ho boup.- and <• iaited it eVErjr 

war, .Ktht-lwini?, tlioiiuh a lnriniin,r\crcijrinft 

*• oiilhoritTof an abbot ittitt. Itames. p. 

10 J Vita itmmlili, \t. 447; MuMatficon, ii. 

7l. On thn death (if Kiidfrar in 97*) the 

ralrr botwwn llie> Kiut-Anfrl'"" "nd Mer- 

... 1 .,,_.. )' i- '>iii, in a violent ecclitiiutt- 

;■' jlUlfhiinj and bin jiarty 

,.,! ;., ,. .V from the rhurrh« ra 

tbcy bad lately Rained poMvesion, 

Iv, ii..' L ;i!h-r.-d nn nnnisl fcrcfl and de- 

■.■>-* of KtMt Anglia. His 

111 ■ -M" -1 ntiiii who laiilcliiim 

o ftumc Intiii bplnui;!! urchof Pet«I^ 

|lH>n.>ii^li: hi' went tu I ■ lelwold [q.T.] 

t W'iiii'bt"*!"-?, prV'fuirvu aiipiircntly to do 

-T^inc" far this ui^l of Violenw. hnt the 

T i rli>rp>' r.'ceivi'd him with honoor 

l>>raftb>>t:hurch. Dotbthcbrothere 

liidiu!!^ ;;ic<rauiwi)f ihir mnnkii tH a wit^nage- 

_m>t wbirh rai't pmbohlv after th» eloctiooof 

fSidwanI the Marirr ( j7/« fhuuldi, p. W>\ 

Aftre ihi- di-aih of .'Klfheni in 0-3 .Kthej- 

wltM Mramf to hare held the pimilion nf rhief 

atiidortaha{Cod<-r IHp!.CA7.t^t>^.eMa). Nut 

-fu-T tho chun^h fit Itamsey W8» 

I I in lliu foiitidationa raim-d 

iiiit-nrlii iH>'iiniici|Nd tower, 

' cniue more or lens 

: iiih iho church, do* 

bi[.'i> altar, nud pn-M-ntM the 

I with an cTfia. Ho was jires-'nl at tho 

didioattoD of t he n<'W hiiildin^ liy Oswald in 

, aod b said lo liavc mado a Bpi^ech to the 





^reat m«n wbo had come to the ceremony 
Irom CamhridfCi-'Sbire. Bedfordshiri-. Hvrt' 
fordshire, Himtiogdoniditre, Northampion- 
nhiri*. and Xefilvven, n list tluit is aomn guida 
a» to tho I'Xtent of his ealdormanry, whieh 
also took in Norfolk and Suffolk, Soon afl*r 
thiA, finding (bat bia health wa^ failin);, hs 
pfjfiiiu viiiiti^l IComvny, mniln lliu confi-vHion 
before thrr hi^h altar, and addressed tJie nonka 
on the choice of an abbot after bis d^nlh. 
Hr< wmii nt ItnitiiH-y when Iho fiding> of the 
death of Onwald were hn>u^ht; him, and ina<la 
a nueech lothe cwnffTPffaticin on th*f low th^ty 
had euMaioed. nefelrO?wnld'i*dtyithd(<tiily, 
and never smiled sgoin after he bean! of il. 
In 902 he fell sick of n fever, received nnc- 
lion and the viaticum from vKlfbcah. bishop 
of Winrlieeter. and died on S4 April. He 
was bunL'd at Ramsey. Towards ttio ^-nd of 
tin- thirltH'uth ciTilurv an abbot of HaiuAoy 

fdaced an el%y of him of gilded bnuui upou 
t\» Inmb {Ifuf. Hamf*. p. .US n.X). lie 
wai patron, nr.aa it mav nimoat he Eaid, pro- 
prietor, of St. Neots anJ Crowland n« iKt-ll as 
of Itnmscy, Thiibpnffit.i he cnnferrrd on thn 
monks eaueed him to he called the 'Friend of 
Ood ' ( Vita Oittmtdi, p. 44tl ; FlflR. Wlo. i. 
144.149,160). ilii<reBidence wasat Tpwood 
in lluntinedonshin-, H« married .Klli«l- 
RiL-d. by whom ho had two sons: t^dutne, 
who *tH-m* Id have diiKl abortly after hii 
father, for all tlie ealdorman's iiiht^ritance d&- 
«H>niU'd to.Kllii'Uviird, ii|i]>iirently bin nricoud 
Aon (//(>r KttMu. pp. 103, !J;li Vita O9- 
ttxi/rfi", p, 467). .Ktuirlward »wni» for xomo 
yoflra to have hnd no bifrhertitlfl than lhi«gn 
(CVdar l/ii>l. 687; the .Ethelweard wbose 
name atanda first of the ealdfinnen from 'Af£ 
to 999 waa caldormnn of thi' wftTorn pro- 
vioves). bul probably held the ealdormanithip 
beforf! his death (tb. 71if), ond shared ihs 
govumtneul wilh I'lfoyivl. He fell at A^ 
aanduii in lOlG, and wus buried at lUnisej; 
he had 00 wife or child i,..'!.-^'. C'Arvn. Bub an. ; 
Ifi*t. Ifawji. p. llfi). .Kthelwiiu! aniu'itrn 
al.'«o to have married .F^thel^ifu and Wulf- 
gifu. 

I Biatoria Kamniemrii (Itoll* .Ser.) ; Vita (V 
wsldi, IMstnriiinB of York, toI. i. (Rolla .Sor); 
Florence of W<>K«itpr (ICiiftl. Uim. ^m ) ; Kent* 
Wt't Codax DiplnniAti^iu (RnsL RihL S<!c.); 
GrMn'o Coiuitirj>t of Knf^aad, H<iIi«ctaon'« Tlin- 
twrical Kunyi ] W. U. 

ETHELWOLD, .iETHELWOLD, or 
AI)ELW0I,I).8Ai>iT(l»6?'9&i), bishop of 
VViiii'lic-ii-r, the lon of parenia of i^^pjod pcMii- 
ti<'>n, citiienR of 'Winvhef^ter, watt bom in tho 
rei([n of Kndwaiii I he KhW. Thu yvar of 
liin birth is uncertain ; 908 is eufigBflted by 
ilie vdilors of ' Acta Sanctonun/ Aug. i., but. 



Ethel wold 



38 



Ethelwold 



lilia is mvT\Ay buwcl ua a fpiuM u to Ills tg» 
irhtm nriLiimv) (iriMt. In cluldliixii] lie wob 
wpII infitraclf.-d in rvli^oua knawk<dgv, niitl 
whrn In' wn* vi^l. j"'»iii»(( t-nltrwl Ihi^ Imuw:— 
li'dd n( .I'^hflsUn, bpcoiningnin> of hi9«^m^- 
tatu", "r roUowors. Ae such lie rvmiinfO 
for a o<'»ti)i'U'T«hIi> tinw!, l<Mirnitif[ a ii^vm) (ien] 
from the counwliors of tlio king, for Le wns 
a fchaT]>-witt<Hl lail. In aciviMflniN? witb thi> 
)t\ne'» fli^ire h<- vwIvhI the t'jnsnro from 
^CLfheab, or ' Kll'-ct? ihe JIhIJ,' bUbop of 
WinchMliir, ttIio Al«oaft«ra while admitted 
tiim to [iritrM'" ord^Tii. J-UflivaL is Mid lo 
liaTo ontaini^ hrrih him and IJnnetan priMts 
Bt ibv saniu tiine, and \.<j liuvc furclotd that 
both of them should lii-ifjin>' hUbopa, and 
that .1*^1 hel wold shauld fiucntid tothuiKM! he 
tJn'ii hi'ld. H"' rr-maint-il with /Klfhi-ah fp>r 
fftme time, and leamt much from liiin; for 
th*-rt' i» rwMoii tn bielieve that the biuhop 
WA8 inlrnt on mormflic reform, Hb then 
entereii the mnnajitery of Ulaatonburyi where 
he hold tin- ollico of dean of tbc monastery 
undiT Dunntan. Al Olasionhun.- hii iwn- 
tinui'dhisfiludifji, I*-ani:iip the iirt*of jrmui- 
mar and |KwtrY, Iw.^idriin'adinir tbeoiogt^ieal 
works, waj* ciiu»tnnt in wnt<"lii(ifj, nnivt^r, 
andfaAting, and inexhortinjr thpbivrnn'n to 
SUKtcrity, whioh he was '-'spiTi ally abU.- t'j'lo, 
ns the monastic doui nnpisir? to havi^ hf^on n 
disciplinary oUic^r. He Kt an example of 
huniititr and llilipl^nce by worlring in th<* 
iQDuaslery >;ardt-n and gathi:rint,' ilii> fruiTii 
DiN-drtl for llic O'jmmon muuls. C-onitfiou.<t 
that Kn^lisli mouii^tit-iitin fi-11 furU-hiud that 
which was to hu seen in the ^n^t houM>9 of 
Dortlicni Fmnw and Flmidfiv, hu ilt^inNl 10 
go iibniad I list li>- might learn tlu' riili' thai 
wflfl obfiiTved in them. JCad^ifu, the molber 
i>f Kadritl, and Punelnn. Ihukintr's cbicf ad- 
visrrr, wet« miwtlliiitf that h« ■hoiibl iruv 
tbe coimlry. Eadrvxl arnmlingly r>>fnswl 
hiiu iwtnnixiion tn ^Mftbrotia), and, with Diin- 
iitan B roiirmrpiieft, gaTO him a omall ra(mH»* 
t«ry that hnd Inn^^ piood at AbincdoD in 
7V'Tli.«hir(>, that hr mijrht tbcro found a con- 
l^re^lioR which should lire accordinff lo 
nooaatir ruli*: for with the e3tc«ption of 
(tlaxtoflbury ih^ I'^nijiish motuiitunoc wvni 
tenanted bTCommnnitieAthat wemnot tnon- 
BDtic, and many of them had gone t« dtHMiy, 
This wii.Hihi'riL*>!al Abinjoinii. .Kthidwuld 
probably reccivoJ iheprant about 0.>4 ((.'Ann. 
fie A//iiiffifijji, i. \'2ki; KeMni.t;, Cvde^- Dipt. 
|t. HI). He found the jilac<' in a wiv-rchr-<l 
Btalv, Ihy buildine* werv mean, and only 
forty 'manaip' (hidcj*! ■ r ■■■ '1 Mi ' ■ f. 
tho rest of (lie hind, < ] 

bidtr«,haviiii< fallen in! ,, ... -,.,-- --,.,11. 

Hi! broutfliL wrtain ' uUtK*' fwm (3lB*ton- 
bury — the tvrm shows that even liiero llut 



coDununiEy (lid not coiuist oxeltuin 
rt^ular^^wlio wt-re willing to auhmiVI 
dist^iplme, and soon nthend nxiod him 
band of nionlut. Th* King givv htni all ll 
Und he had in Ahin^dnn, and much tnon-'j 
and raised excell>?nt building* for b 
the ^ifta of the kinfr** mother wnrej 
tarevr. Kadred took a worm iatereEt 
building of the new monastery, ftud a 1 
iwi<l lo Ahinpdon to pivr (lir(-nioiM> at 
was ih^* oeeasioii ofa rvmarkalda mil 
chanced lliat Wstdes hiA ordinary atli! 
a large body of NiKlhumbrian tlMyii* 1 
panied him. The abbot a^ked biin to 
and tbtt kiojr aaseutod gbdly, order 
tli« doon iihonid bo thut m that no ona i 
shirk his drink. So he and his train 
ilflvdrinkinK- Nevi*rlht'l'-iifi tin- alilxjt'a^ 
of mi'ftd fail«K) nol, nor wafiltW more tl 
one hand's bn^adtb, so that when Htfnir 
came ihr Northnmlirianft wpnt back '«c drur 
as hops' (.ICui-Kic, Vila *'. --feVAWion/rf*] 
Dimnp the buildin]? a htav-y post fell 
.i^tlitilwold. Im-aking 8«vcml of bi« ribn 
cuuningbiintAI'alliiituapit lurdby. Hailwfl 
wsKalsi) a iitttrml bonefactor to the m'w hum 
.'Ivlllplwold'ft own Kifti lo hiA rhtinrb wh( 
snlonilid. ChiMf sroonfT them wt-n- » ^-oli 
chalice of irnnnfftso weight, tbrvo croMWt 
gold nnd silver that were destmyivl 
Stephen 'li wars, and an orjian. lie also ■ 
nclifd it wilb the work of hU own hnnda, fa 
like Uimsian he wm a fuunintf ct 
He made two K'lls which wcr»' hun|a 
withiliOA.- that DuD'tanmaduforth'.'i!!! 
and a machitie called th* ' i^dden wl 
ovcrhiid with pold, and fnll 'if liltic bi-l 
which h"- liBfl lwir]«l round on fi-.»tivul» 
excite ihedevolionof lh«' worshipju^Tni ("'Af 
rff Abin^flon, i. tt(5l. With tht- vunMUl 
, tbi- liri-lhri-n bi<*enl ()-<rar, onenf lh<i clelJl 
I who hadaecompanii^d him from Olasionlnir 
l'i!i-nm till- ■frjct TJi'ni-dirlinenile bI Flwir 
On (f.S(.'ar'fin>t>irn,prohahly early in Kat;_ 
I reipn, he caiii>ed ibia rule to be olisfrveil 
Abin^nn, and this wastheflrrt intmductit 
of it into I'Jti^Iand; for ifil bud twcn knor 
I andpraclis<-datGla9ioubnry under lltuwt 
.'Klhi.'iwold WLinId have hiul no nwd 
j any one to Fleiirr t<i Inam it forhimfi^ 
] de Al/'ngiJon, \. l^'; iiiiuHKlvm, Iluitn 
Ijjtaif, p. 100). i\<- pare miimti- diu'etiiM 
as to the fond and drink of bis monk?, 
hisarrnnp.'mi'ntK werenvilh*'rmc»n nor] 
fiLie; hf \ftt hi« i"iir:<i* on any of his it 
ceMor«who should alterthem, aiidevideat 
cau!i<;il hi^ riili's lo be writt'^n down (j 
rfc Abi»g4i->n, i. 'M7, ii, :U:J). I« »**. T 
ndvicniif Dunslan, the»<«of \Vinch« 
conferred cm .•Kih«ilwold. IWfore h* 
Abiugdou he made a prayer for the fult 



Ethehwl 



39 



Ethehvold 



. H«fitT of ihobouM, w1)i«b buboen prvearved 

,'Ktt«I w.ild Wft* conswrnWd bUhop of Win- 

Ictintur hy |iiin»ljin (iii$uiitl)iy,8i. Andrew's 

(•v<\ oTid at ntuv* ciitcrt-d r>n tlintask 

. of ■■ 'ii- nwwly imjionKl monacbi#m. 

H> ' iirclicD tbsl hii<I 

fnll )ui>h wim.anil 

p*tp-''-|; I ^^ M.H-.' in I rji: l 'luj'.'iaw. and to fill 

ihem with mi}nUs •nbj^'Ct ro the atrict Bcne- 

dicrim- rulv. In onJk-r lo d'j ilu» il wu 

neMv^iiTV to (-xi-cl ibc wx-ular clt^]^ who 

f>ci!ti)ii>.-d Lbu luoiioiitic L-^liblitbinviitK. or 10 

fnn-i' tlti'in to Itvi- «■ mitlikii ^tliU ninttnr in 

mtitv fullj^ treatwl uiuW Oi'sbtas). Both 

I>ii(iBt«n, ht»cil(l [-iini)Mriiiin niiil fi'lliiw<[iunil 

(DOt.i>- i.- ^i>rii.'t:iii.'j ^iid, hU iuMnirlnr, (or 

tb' I ' rn« j'oUenHy Relate for -■Etbel- 

•wtn lie. Wft* w-rtoinlv ibi' rlrb_-r of 

tbe iwuf, oii'i in Isler ri*ari< bin •bU>l, nnd 

pOn rald. 6_vuipi>tbi*edwilb tbis morcmciit of 

~abb« waM tbtf jrtii'liiijf spirit, but nvitltcr 

'iuro itnitttfod bU nuuU: of cArrjing it 

FoaU Diiii^lan took iiu vi-n ]<romiui'Dt port 

in il.nnilOon'nld wm» diwrnitt ttnd ti.'tDi>fmt*). 

.-Kihclvrold artM vritli some haruineas. 

' >t>vMib»-lf««, Hip movi-mont wM tliv saving 

'iirrb FpiriinnltT, moTnlly, and iDt«P 

tuid wliile wliBtcver tb^re whs of 

.; mii^' p-fl on /Kf bf-lwiild, tbe f;o(>d 

I r<«a1ta tbiLl it bml ^hollld alra t>i> reoic-mber^d 

I to bi* credit, Ht- founl tbt- elm|>t»r uf bi» 

I CKibi^biklcbiircb.tbt' OblMiiiMtT, coinpow-d 

I rif sn iilnr c!«ka, wlio»e livfi werv certainly 

Inn to'tu-r ibin thuMXif tbi-ir tiy n>-iglibouK; 

pthfV w'l-rx rich and prmid, liviui^in luKury 

pji'iffbilioiiy, Botno of tbi'm with wiv<>fl, and 

(ilbvn, will) bad divnr)>>d t)io iTircKthcy bad 

im], with M.hcr wnnwn. Tbn 

Ffhe nmas was »*-i;Iectcd (.'EU"- 

IC, Fita ft .■F.lbrlir'iiiii). Hf nt onc<« ap- 

jili«Jiii till* kinjrfiirliflp. *t'ndiagmfanwliilfl 

tj> A' 1 ^'fmoiikstocome andtalce tbe 

p\tu rk!>. ^\'b'iii )ii« monks Atrircd 

■' ■ ' >■ ' r.i give ii|> 

■. warmly 
- "IK >ii ' I-. Ti >'< >iiiAtnii, onu 
■I-. to cufiircp liin dccrcM. 
.J i ...x'i bi'fotv ibvcbuptcr nilb 
blaa at bm itiilt-, ninlin tin- kitif^n nnRi«t 
l..irl,. ili.-iu cilbi'f irivL' jilaco to bia 
I niuuiiiiiK' llii< inoniiilir habit. ' 
u-.-nti'd tn Vnf omi- monks j the I 
[fnrcfld to Iciive. In ibesameTenr, j 
itiirn-.! ll-FTlr-rkaoiitof the New 
linWPT. cmi ' ' in Surrey, naA out 

M-lFTiti i: Il In («cli coae liD 

kiiirf'it atiiboriiy, and Bulgir 
'■■ wbuni b» r»raniiii0ndwl «* 
:if tliii now ninnnj^tic roni^t^ai ions 
to taki) llit:< ^loce of Ibn «-v[K-llcd 



clerks. Hr dnes not a])pFU', Uke Oswald at 
Worewlor, to bavo exerciaed «nT)>atieiiceor 
to havo UBManyf^^nTlem/ianflot pnrftiinsion; 
big €mly remedy was force. An attempt waa 
madf lo )>oiiton bim as be ut at dinner in bis 
lialJ at WincLetier, but be escaped, bif faith, 
il vrhs bebovi-d. tritimpbinc' ovur ibe jwisoo. 
AlKtlvrfroinJoLnXlIItuKiuI^nir, if^nuine, 
as it prubably iM, |>ni*i-i> tliat tlin poiM Hanc> 
lionet! the policy of vKthelwold. He now 
obtaiiu»d thu kjug*t) Icavu to >«i about a 
eenenl restomliAn of tb» minMen that had 
Dwn ruined by tbo I>Bnes, and pxtended bia 
work til tniddlft Kti^btml. Having obtained 
Ely from ibo king bi' expnlb-d the cU-rka, 
foundr^l » community of monk«. and ord#>r»d 
that ih^ tbiiivb Mionld bn n-hiiill and nion- 
a«tic buildinj^ erected (Kkuule, Oit/f.i Dipt. 
WIS), The Ixuly of Si. .Kthcldryth (Etiiki^ 
Duzox) viOM tnLnilatt^d into hi* utiir church, 
wbit'b was diMlicaled by Dunstan '2 F^b. 074. 
Uolb hvand tbu kiug loudv an t-xtraurdinary 
number of jfrawta to the abbey (Hint. JCh- 
ran>, ii, c. 1-52). MMHwbilo u« set about 
the r«Htorntion of MinliMhaniiiLfde, or ]Vt«rw 
bomuith, ■whirb had been bo utterly destroywl 
by tb*^ Dani-» 'that h" fmind notliinf; ibere 
saveotdwalln and wild woods* {A.-S. f'Arwi. 
aa. 963), Ut- rebuilt ch« vbuirb and set 
inonkx ibrre-. In 97'2hi' in said to havocome 
to t he king brin^n^ an old charter which bo 
d(.-<!lan-d wan found in the ntins, frering the 
bouse from royal and fnisiMpnl juriJtdictton, 
and from all seculajr buroeiui.atid on this Ead- 
tnr erantod u charter to tfao samo ufl'ect ( A.) 
Ill the midst of his work it iit said that he 
thoufrbt of retirinj^ to a bermita^, and oaat 
his iryed on Thomt'yinCamhrid|iwitiire. Then} 
hf> puinttrrl a honw of twelVA manka, over 
whom he seemA himself to have presided as 
nbbot, and tbilber he (ranBliiti-d thprelinnif 
many i>ainl«, and amnn^r them the body of 
Bmedict Btscop fa. v. ] ( Ofsfn I'b'iti^rum, iv. 
326-Oi lltfr, .*'Lnitc, "WrLnTis). Ha 
also restorvtl or r^fouiidt-d the ancient nun- 
ncryat Winchester. Besides founding: tJiMe 
inonoatic commumtiM. bv wad, tm the chief 
adviser of iho kintt on these matters, con- 
cerned in all that hadcitrdid t" proiiiutv th« 
ni.n-iidof ihi- Ticw moiiadiixm. He constantly 
Visited di^erent monasteries, cxbortinff the 
obndient and nuntsliini; lh« nfglig*'-nt with 
Btrip^iH, * lerrible as a lion ' lo tlie rBbellioua, 
and 'gentler than a dove 'to the mvek(.JiLl^ 
sic). Althouffh little is knon'n of hiscon> 
duct during th*! struggle between the seculars 
and rcgularatbat ensued on I he death of Ead- 
gur, be cvnainly apiinntil uf tb" anu>-d re- 
«iatanre oirereil by nome of tlie di-fnudera of 
the monasteries to iho attacks of tbeirenemioa 
1 Vita S. Ofxcaldt, p. 446). II« siijipurted tb« 



Ethelwold 



Ethehvull 



iHiliry nf MunHtanin ruaiiitaiiiiiig tl» right ot 
Eodwaisl till' Mftityrlotlu' crown, and UHi8l«<l 
Kt tbv coronntina {IlUt. Jiatw*. u. 7S). His 
work brmwht hitn much ill-will, Dut towards 
tlieeadofhislifc'tliUfwtlinesulMtdc^. Aft«r 
tbt ocecwiMi of Harlwnrdlittlo ia Koordcd 
sbotit biio. Hincan^fgr tb« well-beinffif the 
monluandntiTutdit) ttoloeaM,nnd rftUBAd liini 
to b« called tbe 'Fatherof tbe Monk8'(X.-^. 
C/imn. an. 9ti'l). Althoiich hi* «*«« n vvvrre 
disci pi iiuriAO, lie wiu a kind tvnohor, EIo 
hftd maur pupiU who IotmI him, and several 
of tbcm became abbots and bishops : amonj; 
tliou were .Klliulgiir [q. v.], whom bv msde 
abbrttof New5[init4T,»fterwardiiarchbiBliop 
of CantiTbury. and Kadulf, abbtjl uf I'oit-r- 
iMnnigb, nod arirrwanln itrrliljisliop «if Viirk. 
He tsusbt his pu]^iilH {.'mmmiLr mid pooiry, 
and took p!('iu>iin< in lnkni>1ntiii|{ l^linlxKik* 
for them. Tnihcpoor hftwaanlwajs tandfir- 
heATted,Bndonco wlien lliere wmb grievous 
famine, not cmly ^vi- an-ay all tlint hi^ hnd, 
but ordered that lUe v^waeis of hi^ church 
should bo broken up mid tunittd into money 
fur ihinr i^-licf. Iliii kindiu«« t(.< uU ibat 
Wf-re in distress is comaiemoRilt^ by tlm 
'Clironiclo' wtiUt, whoBpoalmflf him aa the 
' hrni'vnlitnt binhop' (ih.) 'flin miw catht— 
dral chim-h that, he built at TVinchest.^r waa 
GtlisbedintttKI, imddt^'dicntcdby UtiiiKlan, in 
tlio piVMnce of Kitij^ .EthMivfl and many 
buhopa and itQblea, oa 20 Oct , WTiile it wa« 
sTtll in biiildiniT ^if had in 1>71 trenxintol the 
relics of Si. iswilhuu \o a. new shrine within 
ita walU. 

^tbelwold's henUh was wetik, luid he suf- 
fend much in his kiwela aud from tumourti 
In Uitr kff^. IltD diath, which is Miid tu hu\t' 
b.'en foretold U> him by Uiinsraii, took plac* 
at lipddington in Surrey on I Aiig. 084. He 
was buriud at WinclK-vivr, and aUuiii. Iwl-U v 
years latter his body waa trsualaled lo a ntrw 
ebrinc bv his kucccswjt, Bishop .Klfbrab 
fq. T.] In thi' twi'lflh (-■■ntury tin' inotiliK of 
Awinpdon professed Lhatihev had some of his 
Imiikw ( Cinnt. dti Aiiingttrm, \i. \'n). A tr>.'«- 
tisfi (in the cirpXti aaid lo have h^en written 
by blin and addr«tsiie<I It GerbeTT, afterwards 
Pope SilvfwterlT. isin the Bndlcinn Library 
<l6e4. Bodl. MS. IH^hy 83. f. l'I). In 
obedience to a command of Endear he tr&nft- 
lkt«d tbi*'Kv);ulariifcom--jnJia' iiitoI'>D(fliab. 
F« the perfiinnance of this task he rceoired 
an cslsle from the kin^, which ho pfato lo the 
monai'tKry of Elv (IIi»/. KUrmit, ii. c. 37). 
A manuvript oi this translation is in llw 
British y\ n*,'iim \ MS. Cofftm Faiintiita, 10) ; 
it was il^^h! hy Abbot jKlfrir '<\. v.lin mak- 
ing hiscompilaiion forthymtmluof Eu^iham. 
A fill! dc*cripti<^n of tho miUfnifio-nt "Hj^nf- 
dictiooal of St. ^Ethelwold,' which was 



written for lh» itiahop, will he found i| 
*AKha!tiI(^,'xxiv. 1 aq. 

[TImre nro two »«rly LtTw of .St, .ffiihelwol"! 
ijae writloD hy his pupil. th« Abbot M\1r\e. ii 
Chmn. de Al-inedon, ii. ?d5 *q.: the utht^r bj 
Wulftlan, prvvnotor uf Win cheater, tomymA 1 
fuv yean later (Ot»ta Poiiliff! p. 4tK). in Acts* 
.S.S. TUlaiMl. i. 83 W) . un.l AiMo SS. .Mobilloa 
««. v.SOS; AnKlo-^'>i<»i^'li<'<">-'t»"- 963, 964; 
Chron. de Ahin^lon, piwuim (Rolls Srr): Viii 
S. Onnra'di, Hi.toriAii»af York.i. 437, 448 (RolU 
^T ) : Uciiiorinls of I>iii»iKn MJrlnnl, (>*b'tr 
Raliquiie). pp.lll. ll.;..tni (nnlU .S^r,); HistArii 
liHmrHicu<iiB, p. 7S (Roll* Scr.); Willinln o1 
M«lni'«l>ury, OMta I'lrntifkun). jip. Itf-V 101, 
327 (Rolls Sar.) ,- Hisuria Klieiuiis, pp. 91-161, 
Angliik Christiana; Uuftilnle'a ]|oiiaiiti<n]n, i. 
190,428, ii. S44, 693, aoil elMvhvre; llnUj 
w>n> Historical Easayi. p. IIH; Bale's Scri pit 
Brit. CAL(«d. 1A48). f. 68; Tana^r'A Itibl. Brit 
p. L'fl9 ; Wrighfa Biog. Lit. 455 «i.J W. II. 

ETHELWnLF, ATHKLWtJLF, 

AI>ELWLF, or ATHULF (rf, M>»). \i\ag] 
of ih.i Wii-i-Sftions and Kcnti»hnipn. tlu 
son of EcH^berht, i» »aid to have bei'ii s<<ut b 
bis fiitlu-r to he liroiiiihl up at Winchealt 
bv Swilhiiu. alWrward^ hiidwi> of tlial mm] 
( I'lobence. i.0*<>. to have rt-reivij #ubdf ac.m'^ 
orders thvni ( T'itii 6'. ■Sje-ithuni), and vvvi 
aceordiou' lo oii<* If^i'iid, to huvf b)^<ii bishi, 
of \Viuche6l*T fllKSisT or IIi-KiiSDi>ox, 
787^: it if pnibnliti' that liv was i.>)ucnti, 
at Winchester, but this ia all that ran 
Guid. AI>L'r the batlle of nilandiinc in ■ 
Ui-i fnthi-r sent him wilh MaltiittAn, bia 
Sherborne, and the ealdormac Wul 
In ^nin him the kiu^lom of Kent. Th': 
Saxons chased Baldred fa, T.J airroMi ll 
Thani''*; Kent.Hiimy.niitrSiissPX aiibmittc 
to Kcpbcrht, and probably in M!H he con 
niitt4.-d the«e coiimcies to .i'lth>;lwiilf, wl 
certainty had ft share in the kiii^'ahip tu ilia 
war (KsHOLB, CW«j- I>ift. p. l^i.'^). in t^S 
he joined with bia fothcrin Ihn cmpiirt il 
kio^rs madu with Archbinbop CViduoib 
Kindlon, and in tlii'coin|iacl with iliri-liiiri 
of Winchester, if that ever l<xik pbiii', nr 
either the same or the ne\t year cmifirmf 
th(^ Canterbury a^'^mi^nt nt a witrnag^-nni 
at Wilton, over which lie pre*ided alonq 
thoutrh there ii^ i>omc tvamd tn donht wb( 
EcyV'Tht wQi then dead(£iW''r. Ihntu 
iii.(il7~~0; forsomeof thos4:event«w4l 
fully undi-t Kobkbt), lie t.ucci-«dtii to"tl 
hiTi^rahipof Weaoexon the death of bin fall 
in ^til, a diit'.' arrived ut by adding I bi* lenf^bT 
of ICi'gtMThl's ri'igii lo thf diil« i)f hi* m."- 
c«wion,M)i. while inaehnrt"- " ■ 

wiiirdivhirvs that year to ' 
hi.* farlwA doath (KRuni.t:, t i,.?, . u.j, 
'2iO, i. ^1 ; tbe chronology oi the Chronift 



Ethelwulf 



4» 



Ethelwulf 



. inciim-ct at (bi» [ix^riotl). Ho wis tnuried 

^ti (htburti, (iau^litHr nfOaliu', I lie n>)-«l cup- 

"leareT, a desc^iidHnt r>f ihe anripot prineulv 

iou of tlw .IiitM 'if Wiglit, «nil ff"^'" '■'" 

son, -Kttii'Iilnn.charjtiiftf Ihe Ki^ntUb 

tm witli tlit> title ofkiug, pullintf liim 

u<-t vitm o( Lis ffttli<^r'i) life {ib. p. 2-11 ; 
l,-.y. t*r><n. sub nn. S3(J). At tbe linn' of 
hi« Kccruion tliii English vrrctniicblTnubb-d 
iImhil n ^t1•u•Il tbst a priux dccUred be 
nd w?on ojiKTruinsr tbc oc^Wt of Sundav. 
l^tb«Jn-ulf Ifxjk t bo mutter to li?urt&8 luucb 
u) bi* piMpIc, tli^ionnirifil to luAke a pU- 
jT'tiis,-- II. Uomv, aad eeiit ftn caib^esy to 
or 1rf:n-i>t, ftnking tliftt he inifflit 
.gh his rlomiiiinna {Annaies Str- 
■ub kn. 839). Ilii! jcnintcv, linw- 
Clru put nir. Acfonlinj; in ^Villiam of 
KsbitTT .Ktb^lwulf wa» tlolbful, lored 
iSDil wiw! only iflirrod to wtivr i-xcrtion 
tbi^ iiillutM)ci> of bifr uiinislers fSwitbun 
t<H Kalbiton.Sivitbiin giving him advice on 
I <i KH]b»tAiioii6i'Culiiriiiittt<?rK, 
ii(( tb« tivasunr, tbeotbitr lhi( 
iy( '.'f; //r'/MOT. ii. BPc. IW). Whik'tbiH 
iptioii I* iiii (loiitit iBonifwbnl eitbiunf] 
"iholpgi-miuf tbekinjr'aailmission toclcri- 
r>nli'f>, lliiT»* is (in>l»iibly sonir truth in 
.l-itbelwiilf !*H-ini only occnsimiftlly to 
bavc Inkcn h pet^nnal pari in rveiMingtho 
invit»Hin» of ibi- I)uitL-« ; \w. wiw nuiAcJ now 
au'j tKiiM to gn-at ua<] successful efiorla.oud 
^^tlipn rvlumwrio bia UBiialquiot lire,iiud left 
^Bbr vnrfa of invf tiiur lli« cou«iniitly ropvadyl 
^Hlucli-'^ tn ill.' !> ii.f.>ni «f local forc^n. lU 
^^|Bf' iijs,an(l bia r«>U^ionwiia 

^^^IfiK' '1 lliAii tbitt. iif bi.> iM-iiplt) 

' generBUy. uiid b^ wjis Uvisli in hiB pifta to 
the clturch. TbtTO « roafiun lo bclievf ibat 
pMlion of bl* Hul^vi'fii i;i^^ (IiKxatii'Iir-il 
iib lib riilo; be lacked lli«! pontT or thn 
mxYtHHiiry ti» prejwne lh*i unity of bia 
~ 1, niid Iif (Ificl tn<<d to wncc wt n^^iut 
lion, (For a wbolly diflefvnt view of 
Iwiilf's rhanrter wx- Conqufjt vf Ettg- 
7^. Mr. tireen in miMnkt^n in itltrJ* 
'8wiiliun'4 inHuciu!^ to ibc fiict timt 
liop oftlw rayal cilyof W mdii«- 
; TMt become Wbop nnt il ^t2, and 
VR irt ilm Mtt TTu ibvn'fun; rather 
of hilt miniateriftl importuifv 

llir Ilni vi-iir iif thw rvign the Danes 

at .^tiitlininplon, and woiw ib-fa-at'-d 

iwldornmii Wnlfbotrd, one of lies- 

i't m-v» frM*!t-l 'ittii-i'ii, who uvidi'iitly 

i:irbiidliin\ 

. 'if invader* 

ilcJ Ui-; I'-tj;^; miu al rrrtlaiiJ, and 

tlwir (.aldnriuiin. Uuriiifj tbt; Ufxt ytwr 



Limlsey, I'Iojit Anglio, and Kent suOVrvd sn- 

vi-rely. Then siK-ctasful raida wr-m niadit on 

l^cdun, Canterbiin*, and Itncheater. Mnui- 

while .'Klbchvulf a[i|H'xrt> [wrMrinaUv to bare 

n^maiucd innrtive umilfiKThapa in WSii .-I.-& 

i'hrmi. nx\. KlO), he met the crews of tliiny- 

five flhip« at Charmoutfa and was dcfttal^ 

IJurint; tbe next nine years all that ia known 

of .Kthftlivnlf MMinis tn bo that he made 

Bundrv ^ranta, and the hiMoiy of tbo rpign 

i>< a blaak save for the iioti4»! of a brilliant 

victory gsinod ov«r the inTad(>rsat themoutli 

' of the Parrel by tlw fyrd.-* of .Sotnersi-l and 

' r>ors>_-t, untie r the command c-fttv<'t>aldoruii-n 

' of the two shiri'D and of Uiabup Eallutan. 

\ In 851 tbi? invader* were di'^fwiteii in 1.b» 

\ wetrt by tbo ealdoruinti of DevoDsbire. Mora 

I serioua invaBion-t wrre, linwt>vvr, rnadi* the 

eumu year on the eo^t cooiit. When iho 

I nanixb llitrf cHiiii- offSandwirb, King ,Kthel- 

fitaa and thi^ cihlomian of K>.-nt put out to 

Mia and gained a naval victory, taking l«n 

Srisei) and pnttin]^ tlie roM of the Ahips to 
ight. NyverlheWi tlio Doiifis for tliL- ISivt 
time wint«_Ttd in Tbanet. Meanwhile a fl«et. 
of thrtH- (or two, AtWEBl hundred and tifty 
»hips, toininj; itrobubly fniiii lb« viking m\.- 
llirinvntx thai ha<l Intely bet>n formi^d on the 
iiJaiida iH-twi-i-n tim niiiutlu of tho ScbeUH 
and the MeiiM, saikd into thp mouth of tho 
Tbanm^; lb<? crvwa landed, took Canterbury 
and London by Atorm, put tb>.' Mercian king 
Iteorbtwulf to fii^bt, and cronaed the ThauM 
into Siirri-y. lUiii*4-il by tbo dur^r that 
threatened blm, .10tb«lwulf and bis wcoud 
son, .iCibi-lbiild, ^jathertHl a iBrfre forcf, uiet 
the invudurx nt Oi^kb-y. and aflcr u stubborn 
%ht completely routed lliem, itlayinga Innfer 
number of ibciu than had ever befotv fnlbm 
in EnuUud t.-l.-S. C'Arvn. : AeeER), vEthel- 
fitnn, tbekinjj'.H nldiiit fww, proljably iliiil in 
the fullowiug year, and bii^ third son, .Klhel- 
bi-rliL, wajt niiidi- king in hia place (Kl^xatJl, 
Codfx Dipl. ]i. 'XSi), the kinriilnp of ^^■i:vlSex 
hi'inKdi^lini'ilfiir/l^lhelbab]. ITie invuoioiis 
of the Nurthmt'n ■■ncoiirapt-d the Welsh to 
rise ai^inxt their conqueo^rs, and iu S53 
Bnrlm-d [o. v.] of Mi-rcia. tbo sul^ces.sor of 
Ilcobrtwult, sent to his Wwt-Saxou on-rlonl 
tocomeand help him affain«r them. .1-^hnl- 
wulf ncconlitmly inandii-d into Wah'S and 
broujihi the Wel«b to .sitbmU&ion. (hi his 
roluni from ibie t'.\pedilion he gave his 
daiiKbler .Ktbt-Uwith (lA. p. 27w) in marringa 
tn Hiirbred nt (.'hippenham. TbU mnrriiii;o 
was a step towania th« e.tlinetion of tno 
pxUt.'nw of Mi'rcia (w a A^parate kingdom. 
KeKlx'rbt had conquered Mi;rcis, depot><^ its 
kini.'. itnd n-.itorcd him tu, an uuder-kiiiv to 
bimMir, and now .Ktbelwulf jroriTned it 
by hia aou-iu-law oa kiii^. A further iit«p 



'"■^•- ->"- 



EtheKvul 



42 



Elhehvti! 



in the ssitie direction wm taken bv yKlfred 
wh<-n lie married his daiighi^-r .ftthelflied 
[see Ktui:ij'L£Da] to the ^It^rcian ealdor- 
man. Id this ^rear kIso In- sont his vituagttt 
and best lored son Alfred, or .)ClfW>d [q. v.], 
to lt<Hn» to Leo IV, Ali.houf(b the victory 
of Ockli-ycbocked iho innuiionBof ttiopirntM, 
they Nl ilj hfld Thnuet , and a v»gnroii« ntlmnpL 
tbftt was made by tlia forros of Kent and 
Surrey Lo difllodgu tlivm vudt'd in fuilure. 
8till till! crtunlry wjt», (mlJio whnl«, at peac«, 
and .Ktbflwulf delfnninod tn nuke • pil- 
gninn|{i> tu liumr. IVfore hu sul <>nl he niBdn 
■ gtant, or a apriix of ^mnt^, which luwd to 
be considered tJie orijjJn of tithes in EnaUnd. 
The ■whole »uhj«!t \m» been critipally ex- 
UTnin^d by Kemlile {Saront in Jilifftand, u. 
481 -OO). and Iladdan and Blsbop Stublu 
fiiT/<v.iA«-«»K'n/*,iii.03O-48). Itwilitlier<«- : 
toiv bo enonjth tn any here that tbi^i donation ' 
' had not bins to do vrilh t'llliv' {Ontft. Hut. 
i. '22S), thiit tlie pavment nf titiii> waa OTdered 
l)y hiw in 787f ana that tJip eflbct of .-Btbul- 
truir'a cbaiion, hk far an nnrthing can b<i ' 
made ont df ibotn nnd nut nf t)ie noticrn nf j 
liistoriaos, was to free a tenih port of the folc- ! 
Inntis, whctlii.ThL'ldbycoclp-iin*(ic»orInymm, ' 
ttom oU hnrdi-as naTf ih-* ibni-e called the ' 
trinoda necetfila*. ^rhii?h ft^ll on all Land, and 
to give a tenth iwrt ofhituwnlBDdlorurioug 
Cb^nx and rehgiouD hou.ie-i (Kkmbi.k). The 
(i^ntA be made, or iiL Ifiuit ]» anid tu liuvu I 
made, w»t« vi-ry Inrgir, ai:d, wliot«!ver ibvy ' 
eon^'eyed, -l-'ibeWull' seemR t*> have adopted 
tbr- mi-A>nrv of thi< li-nth im OTII.1 thill ufiTH^nn.^l ] 
suitable for henefactionB. His donation, of 
coiime, ' nffwted ^\V»*;x only '(If^uonx and 
RrcBna). Ilis prantR we n- mnd.* for lhi> t;nod 
of his own aoiil and ( he rduIh of hi? uncefltore 
(AfWEKl. He left Erifflnnd probsbly early in 
^'>, ani'l prori*J«l to tli« co«rT nf Charles 
the Bnlfl, king of the Weat-FroTilt*. The 
Franki:<h king tad. wjnnUy with .Klhelwulf, 
locouii-ndwiih .Suuudlimvian iiiviiJur*; hot 
the intcffonrse between the Knplish nnd 
tbo Franks wa* alnrady no frequent thut it 
a* filing tor> far ti> intagine tliat ji-^bel- 
ilf'a visit and subsequem marriag^e auggest 
iie formalion of 'a mmraon plan nf ojwni- 
linnn,' or show thnt hi* policy * was in advance 
of his ajje ' (Okkex). Obarlefl received him 
with much honour, and rondiict«d hito in 
kinf(Iy state tbroau:h his dominions {Ann. 
SerbH.) At Home be i« eaid to have beeu 
rectveu by Leo IV, who died 1" July. Hi« 
riait DO doubt Ktallrbelonntothi'ponlitieati' 
of llenedict IIT. He madv a lar^ number of 
efluriiiira of pure gold of grejil wrijrht and 
iBBfrnin(.'ence(vViiAaiA6iFa),rebuilt the V.n^- 
XiA\ ttchool or hox^ital for Knclish pilf^ms, 
and perhaps promiaad a ycarlf payment to 



the holy we, which is said to have been ibl 
origin of Pet^r'* [wnc^ ( fitslit Iltvjum^ 1. 1 o'J) 
After staying a yekr in Rome he returatrd M 
Fnnci'fAnd in July KACi betrothed broiM-lf l< 
Judith, th« dflughti-r of Charlw. The niitr<l 
riage took plaee on I Oct. at Verberie oa' 
ihti Ouo, thoiif;h,ae tlM; brid«> pareniA wife 
married on 14 Dec. S42 ( NlTHlED, ir. c. fl^ 
idle could not have U-'jn more thnn thirt-fmi 
and ther>! La reason to btdievu that .l^tbvl 
wulf'n Kii|;liib wife., Oiiburh, waa still livin| 
[aee under .ElfkedI. Hincm»r,airhbi8li0| 
of RliHim^, raitrrittd tlieni, and after the mar 
ruig>> idnivfi a crown upon the bride's hen 
and blessMl her as queen, thoiich it was cnii 
trmpy to Wo«t^AXOD custom thnt the king 
wife shnuld be crowned or be called 
(..-Inn. Ilertin. sub an. Bd6), a custom' 
Kin? yEllVtil told Asser waa to b« i 
to the freneral abhoirenc*- of the crintM 
EadbuHi, queen of Beorhtiic [q. v.] T 
fitnn UM.>d for the miirrtaae and coroiuitton< 
Judith is Btill extant (Capitulan'a (\ Calr 
BoraCKT, vii, 620). ,KthrlwiiIf then 
turned to Fngtand with hi^ bridi-, hut aciv>«l 
ing to Asser's atory found \\ >>*u.k in rvvoll 
T>iiringhisAbfiene«htsBon .Ktl><'lhnld,l{i^lio| 
Kalhaiau.aud Kanwulf, eoldomian of Soc 
set. eoiispiwd to keen him out of the lnnt![ 
luid hi'ld a meetin2_o[ their adherent* in tl 
foretilof Selwood. Themnrria^witliJinlit 
which waa probably coiifideptl ns likuly 
lead to a change m tbo !tuc^ceIwinn tu tl 
injury of ,'Ethelhald and fh'.' other 
f^OJtiin ielhi>Iinfri>, wn# the primurv c* 
the conspiracy, Ihoiifirh the kin^ ia 
linve given other causes of offence, ^ll 
wnlf wa,i joyfully ri?c>-ivt'd in Kent, and tl 
Kcntiphmeii urged him tn let them do balll 
with hi« son. lie slirHnk fotui such n wi 
and at a m'-etin? nt the witan ^ve up rt 
kingdom of the AVest-SnTnnn to .Ftlifhwilf 

nnd kept only the urn! t [-,■ 

forhiui»jir Inlhi»kiii^ , . 

Judith beside him on a nnul llironcwil 
exciting any augvr. Nvilhur the ' Chr 
nor -tlthidwrttnl roentinnti thi:* i*voIl 
rencB of Worcester copies it fR>m A**er, ani 
it must theTi-fon- uland on .\ft!ier's onthtiritl 
which wemfi i nd if pu table. .Kthelwulf til 
for two years, or perhap* two rtfirs and 
half, after he n-tnmfd from iNniiO' (ti 
years A.-A'. CArvn. sub an. W*6 : A 
and it is certain that iu tliij p'.-riotl > 
years iw^iiMi'l Irt 'he'Chniaiclo'aathei 
itonof :'h reign two years and' 

half mi io th4> timn during wblfl 

htH fntber wok nliva. Thii n-uiild not, hn 
ever, have any deciaive bearing on tha sit 
of tbe pnrtilion of the kingilom. tttt 
.,-Ethelwulf dwd lie ouule a will with 



Etherege 



43 



Etherege 



, liOBSMtl nf tLi^ witan, perb&ps at itio witvtin- 
bBeniot wliicli tn)v<? >Vre»x i«> biM «on. 'The 
»inc;iIom nf \\>*m-t wiu I/> go first to .Kthel- 
Itttltl. and Kfut. to lik avxi brotfawr -Klbt'l- 
[iwrhl, mid nu .EtliL-lbiil')'^ d'-wli Ke wi»rt to 
[iw- «umwh1c'I ill Wi;>a^:-x,iir>t l>y -Kthellwrht, 
(who wa» tti remuii in \ietit, but by the 
^o»n?rr fltfielml. Ttiu Uiig itlio dUpowii 
(vmDiig bis woA, his clati^hl«r, 
o, I'horgitflg evpTv t*ii bidw 
nil ilii. ;iL;|)j-ort of Ik pitor luan, uiil ordcr- 
[ing ibat i» iwirlv paynn'iil of three hundred 
Jbtuicuttc^BlioiiltlUtoiiuli'fiiiii-jiopt'. ]Jvdk-d 
(inl*r>H (vlffw. fierfin.},ftu 13 Jiui. ( KtouENrrj 
For (it<>oiirr]i[i|; lo the Ijimlieth MA.) 13 Juno, 
(iftftfr a n'ijjn if mybt'^n \carn Hiid » liiilf 
->■ ' '■ i I, wluch. Twlnuiinp trnin the 
wguUi s^'f* with [be t^arlier 
;l.i.' ftlalcut^'iii of the li-ngtii of 
r.Kihplbnld'A rviLTi would iiujily the tatCT 
\{hrrtf*. fkTU7itatif,tit.Gl:i). lie 'was buried 
U \Viii«)iraler. 

1. ..>.■. ...^ (^fna,; FlonDOOflfWrncMttr; 

-. BriL; Htnry of Hnniint-Jon, 

I If. : Willidiii ("if Miilm*nlniiy. 

t«C(W»» Kt-BUnilL- .1 H ■,Si>r.>; ((mt«Pbotili. 

^rrnn (TTrt'la ftfM; Ku. :■< CckIcx Dipl. (EukI. 

t' . lIixliUci ikbd KtutibbA UVmonb a&d 

' <-UTni>nL». vol. iii.; ^iiukIcb HinliuiiLrii, 

-, 8S. nunm 0«riu., V-'tht, 1883; 

;vS. llerom <ienn., P«rt2 : Oftpiwld 

, I:,.t:i.|.% rii. 621 ; Ani»1*»iiui, 

: jriwiri. I'ontit!'. iicruni !tnl. 

: ^ .1. r.ibU'e S(LX»ri0 in tln^LiUKl, 

h. 4bi pq. : (inaa ■ Ounquul of Kneliind.f 

W, 11. 

ETiTKREOEorETHRYGQ, GWJWtE. 

in Lnlin l!nkn("(y. ir.t-'*),cia»*icalwliolar, 
Kam -* Ttuimi', O^fordjiiiire, was admitted a 
■rholar (if ('<)r[)ufl Cbrii^ti Cullty<\ Oxford, 
]1 Nov. 16iU, being plni:«dimiier (lie tiiitii^u 
of John ^iD^ircvf. He was odtuitttxl B.A. 
i Feb. K>3H-V*; was fkctml i» iitoliatjfmw 
iovf of hi* (vil^'P' ftix days ol^erwarda ; 
' A. ID Julv 1W3; ond wa» nd- 
- of iD«dio)ni> And li»>niii\l to 
Jiu lilO ilioifT, tfryi^frrof tAf Univ. 
.^'nrrt, y. IIWV Actfordinfi to the books 
liriM Chi.rcli, O.vftird, bv wb« t^mk p«>- 
T(.f On-<'krry.mL'BM>in:h 1647 till 1 Oct. 
I [ and Afi'Twards. it) ihf Eunn? b'<uk*. Iiu> 
I again apprnrv I'mtn N'lVi'inlxT IiVi4 lilt 
., ■(■■•■ ■ >-, L'lV. Bril. p, I'ril). 
■iji.'d hy I»rd Wjl- 
' l.'Kiia Vnw. to bo 
I' tP^, IDC n first 




tiifluiil ItnL^ thai 
; \V»in«i«, IlUt 



iv> to puriiiie 
(ltd n»l laki; 



. , .., ,.— ^. :i/ Eiiffdth I'oftrif.nL 

iv. >1^^ Aj he hod bn-n n uiilouii 
in llary'i ntgn, ha ran dvprivcnj nf 



his pioTessarahtp soon nltei ElieitbciliV kcpq*- 
ktan. SuhsiKjuviitly hn ]irMcli«t!il inedicinv 
with cflIL■^id*•^llMfi surresa in Osfiml and tta 
vicitiily. lio lived with bis fmniiy i" ' an 
ancient ilKayed nnlnc« of literaturr' callwl 
Geor^'u-lmll,' nearly opposite the »inib <>nd 
of Cat Street in St. Uary't parivh, anil took 
in ilw w>njt iif cai bolic aciitlemen a« boimlen, 
AmiiD^ hi*piuiilb wurt WilIiuiuOifl'(ird,nfl*r« 
warde nri?hbi6liop of Rlioima. On m-ciiint of 
his firm udhi.>n.-iico to i hv old fonn of rcliKion 
hi! Nuffrre^l fretjuvnt imprisontiieni.^ both at 
Oxford nod London during thu tytiii^- of about 
thirty ywir». Thi* wtrimiHly lupainxl hi» 
heidth and fortune. He vae living, ' an an- 
cient nan,' in 1588, bnt tlii' <iiil« of hi.-i di:aUi 
iit unrecAnlrrd. Hin frit^nd John I^^lund ri-b3- 
brnled liia memory in venw {J^coniia , «l, 
IfiSO, p. Ill); ttud Wood »V!* 'lip wiw e»- 
ICCRiCO bv woet per&iJDB, mosily by ilMwe of 
bis opinion, a tiot<si mathematician, vroU 
ehiU'u iu Tueul and instrunKMilol tnujii;, au 
eminent Ili-bHtlan, (irerioii, and pocc, oud 
above all an excellf^iit physician.' 

HvwroU?: I, ' 'EynMUfuow rSiv iraa^fur mt 
T<i»- «Tf>OTi)yij("rToif rov 'V.vfUJCoii Jyfliiiiij (Vi^tt- 
wtTTiirov jiiffiA/Mf.' Itovnl MS. in Krit. 
Mil*. Hi C. X tr. 1-aS, ITje poem is in Gnek 
hexameters and peotiuneler*, wilh a dvclica- 
tion to Queen Klizuhrrtli in Gr«i<,'k, and a sum- 
mary in Latin of the oonteuis of (bo vork^ 
which wuA ptvsenled to her m^'«ty wheiv 
Kb)' visited Oxford in I.Vilt. 2. Slui^ical com- 
]Miisil ionK, in tiuiiu.«erip(. S. * Dive ran car- 
mina,' manuscript. 4. The I'salias of David 
tiirm'^inloBahiirt fonnof Hidimw verse and 
<i>^t to miLiic. ft. A I.atintmnfllntio'nof nuKtr 
if not all, of ihp works of Jn»titi Martyr. 
ft. ' fn lihriv) |ii»iU Avgint-Ia', hvjHiinii'^mata 
i]ua'<Iara,i»'u<>bMTUBtiiHieifimt;dicamt;niortiinr 
qii,'« hac letale in \'su sunt, per Ge>ir)iium 
rxlrychiim ni«dtnim pro iuuenum Mudija ad 
priiximmedi?ant,c<jll«:tn,' London, 1588,8to, 
dedicDte-d to Walter Mildmay. 7. * Martv* 
riuDi S. ]>«m«trii,' a tmiwlaiioii into Lntm 
pre.-wirved in mauiLHcript at ('aius Coltef[e| 
Cunhndgv (K. i). It is di'dlcatcd to Thoma* 
Kolx^tton, arrlul-'acon of Ijeifi^Aler. 

It in siiid that h« brought out (he FNlition 
of Sliepff ve'« * lIip]wU-tiw,' ptiblinhfii .it Ox- 
ford in \ttHt, but anotiii^rarcount.'itatestbat 
thta pilitinn wan prepared bv .loneph ilnmes 
(Wood, AtJteate Oxmt. cd. filiM, i. IX>). 

[[toiL*«'K Kng!«tar of tht Univ. of Oxford, 
pi 318 ; Cksls^ii CuUli>i:u<' of MSif. p. 252 : Ca- 
laltuwof I*niii«d Bnotu in Brit. Miu. iiadar 
• BiSict3» ; ' DodJ'a Oiurch Hinl. i. 551 ; l-'nx«*« 
Ada HTiii Mooainciit)! (Towawad), vii. 5-11, 779; 
Iw-'rt lli.-tt. of ThMn(^ Chnwh, p, 527 ; Pit". I>i» 
.^iil^Iuc .^ripluriliu*. ji. 7H4 ; Ritann'a llilJ. 
Pw-iicii, p. 240; WartoD* UiaC ot Euglivli Pootiy, 



Etherege 



44 



[tner^c 



iti. 2a<; Wood- Annab (Ontcb). ii. US, i&t: 
Wood's Atbone Oxpd. (Bi'm). i. M«. FoMi, i. 
107, US, l£2.] T.C 

STHEBEO^ Sib GEORGE (m»5?'- 
1001), drtmfttist, wu jprobablT' bom in ItVt-l 
or the becinaiag of 103fi,ir w« can niljupou 
« poem addreaaed tu liitii by llrydi-n eurly in 
]w6, In wliicb Iki is Haiti to Ito tiftv-oue (^ec 
OCM^C, ''ieamtrf/itA-i^ntvri/ WWi>». p. 2:14 1. 
Acconlin^ U> Uildoii lu- wtt<t liam ' nhout 
103^* and come of an Uxfor(I»lLiru ftjuily. 
II« M Miid t<) tuive inetrn for n iilir>rt lime at 
Cunbrid^i, to linvo Lnvelled abroad, as ie 
probable from bin knowli^dpi "f l-n-iicii, fttid 
to hnvc tft^rward^ Ijii-en Kl one of tlie Inns 
of Court, lie hud pre«iiiiiably «'>ni>- furliinp 
of hi« own. ni>i wrtlr" tbiy-o cj>nn-ditM, Tlie 
firal. cnlled ' The tVimical I{*vfnjip. or how 
in a Tub," was nctod ar tlio iKikcV Tlieiitrp 
in Luicoin's Imi I'Vldii in I'MI, wicb fucb 
•uceeM (hut l!n? company cltrftrt-d 1,000/. in 
B montb. It vcus publi>tlit«i in tbu ^suivveitr. 
Tli« M-rioiiB jtcentm an- in rhjinfl. Itryden 
had adoptwl the samo plnn in a fi^w Bwiit.* 
of his ' IJivnl Ladi('s.' iicl**il in ItMtt, and piib- 
li^bodin l(i()-l,wil.liiLdf-dir&rinn,in wliicb thia 
'uewway'ofwritin)|iiadeftJiid('iJ,iiridii»intrT>- 
ductiou on the Hn^v ftsrribiti to D'Avi^nant's 
opora. *T1m) Siowt of Kbodcs' (ucTi-d llWl). 
bitbftmget bus ln-'fi'L'd tr> pojtiilHri v n tMnsilory 
fitdluou, luid wax d><iiblli-^ intluencL-d by Lis 
knuwlHcl^rof the Krtncb at*.ire,of which tlwri^ 
are otbcr liBcca in ibc pliiy. I'be ' CVimicul 
ReiTinjfti' won foritHumbirlbfacquftiutiiiict; 
of Lora BuckburBl ( aflt-nv-ardH L'jnl Donyel), 
to wliom it wiui dvlicalvd, aud irf tbt^ NCJipt^ 
mcecouitiflra of thf" dny. In I lJ)5~ Klhprifro 
Dronglit out 'She would if ahe could,' which 
iJm succoL-dod. Jn 1 (!(.'• llorbi-jit«r, in bia 

* Seeaion of tho Pool:;,' complain-^ of tbo idle- 
oeM of a man wliu had u tnnrb ' fancy, 
acnWy judgmoni. and wit' iwt any writer of 
thu (lay. In 107(i Etherege rt^BpondiM] t«i 
this iwpenl by brinfjinjif out his liutt. pliVt 

* Tlw JUnof Modi', yr Sir l-'opling Fltnter' 
The aucc«u of I be play was incroaAod by the 
&ct that manv oflV- cbarack-rit wi-rv cukva 
aa portraita i fhtrinnnt bring Lord Itocliextf^r, 
ftna Sir Fopling one ' Bcuu llmvit,' ibra no- 
torious; while >lp<llfy wii> Hir (^barlf-a St-d- 
ky or tho author. ]>fan Ijockier told Spuuci.' 
that Sir Fopling was an exact [Kirtrait of 
Etlierep^' him»t-lf 

In 1076 I'*ib<-rc^ woa coocemed with Ro- 
cheater in a di»Krac«-ful bnwl at Kioom, 
wb«m o»() of thoir contpaniouB was killed in 
a uuBle with watchmen, and Elhercj!" wilh 
Roehetter had lo abt-cund for a tim« (i/nttofi 
Ckmv^wndfimt, Ir^Tit. i. IX'l). In (UfcO he 
waa injured by an accident nt Ui« limui»- 



oourt {ik. u. 2U'i). Ily this tiniM be wa^f 
l<ni^hl(Kl;and,arc))nlLngto th« scandal of iliaj 
tlnifi, lui had to buy ibti honour in urdi-r taj 
penuade n rich widow to marry bint. Ileifij 
Niid to have bad a child by iln. {Eliiabetb)] 
httrry 'q. r.], and to hdY« settled 6,00(M or] 
iS,WOl. upon bur, 

Eth'.Tt'i^w obtained Mm* diplomatic am- 
ploymi-nt. Ru was sent to the Hagiw t^l 
CharWsIL In 168{>bewBjsent toRati«baii< 
by James II. He spent eomo years th^ro 
gambling;, niportiu^ ((owip in hi* du^patcltM, 
petting into Bcmp^-B by prott^tinjc an nctreM j 
III Hpiti' nC lb<.< flociul pn-judios of tbo Ovr^f 
mann, keeping uiuiiiriHoii iu bii) houM% and' 
b«v^inc for eiHg« ncwi) from borne. Tbn>fl 
of nw fptti'nt (fn>ni ' Kamilinr lrf>ttt^r> nf tlia 
VmtI of Rnr.hi^iti^r ' and tht- ' M litre 1 la neouii 
Works of the Duke of Buckingham "> Br« 
eiven in full in tho ' Biop. Brit.' CopiM oU 
lit* dei>{Mtcben nru in a letter-l>ODk now iu lh«* 
British Museum, of which Mr. Gowe girpf a 
full account. .Hoet of lh4 d>^s]tatcljf4 arr 
pnlitJcnl, but othnra are (•utKcifnt t^o abnw 
that be conlinum! hin habits of squalid d»- 
bnutdiiTv, and iliiigiiiitHl the (iKnuauii by 
worse thinj^thanbmarbesnf rtiquett«. Tho 
bisl letter Its in March 16tt8. Ilis nooretaryj 
complrtiiiA that Ethereiie had ix-ver nnid him 
hit) projii^T salary, and uad don*' hU Iits l>u«U 
n(-»s by laciueys, not knowing t*n worda t. ' 
Oenaan. Finally he w'ltt olT \o Paris, nttt 
three years an-i » lialf at Italisbon, leav- 
in^r his bookif bi-hind him. Kthcrvce wo. 
no doubt minted by tbtr rerululion. In F« 
hruori,' lltOO-1 Lu'tlniU {lldation <ff Stat 
Ajfmr*, ii. 171) ri'imrt" that 'Sir Oiwrg 
?^then>gt*, Ibfl late Kin^ Jam>-fl'a ambssaadol 
to Vii>nnn, died latvlv at Paris.' Rpcordof 
ai)iiiiiii»t»lutn to (W I'ltati- of Dame .M« 
Ktberege, widow, is dattHl 1 I'Vb. 1692. H 
I«R no children. His bmthrr was an oflic 
under William TTI, wa/> badiv wounded 
]<andeti, died aXnmt 17 IK at Elaling,and wa 
buried in Kcnsin^on Cbnrch. 

lli.«i>layH wer<? colleciwi in 1704.1716,1 
1735. Steele apeakfl of tbeir indtyrncT 
the ' Spwlator,' Xo. 51. ^\V:v\v might [iav« 
found i-q(uil griMnncM in much abler cont 
porariea. KthntcffQ was clever iu cote" 
tlin faahionit of the day ; but the \ivi 
which won j»oiiulariiy for hi§ plays baflj 
wveporated, Ltherece also wnUi' somn • 
pOL'ma. Sir. A, W, Vc-nty eilitisJ a complet 
«olleetion of Ethorvtte'a works in ItJfri*. 

TBioK. Brit, articis by Oldys : bangbaine (by 
Oil'lon), lGft8, |>. 53 ; Jueob's Poetioni Registe 
(i;2H), t. 3A, ii. 2fi&i UtteHvwk io Add. M£ 
1IAI3 ; Go«M'a .S»*ua I rriitb- Century .Stadia 
1883. VV. 233-85; O«no9t'« Hist, of the SUg». 
i. 64, AA, IS«-!>0:Speiiu«'s AiiMd.i.63.] L.S. 




ETHERLDOB, .n >HX WKSLKY (IWU- 

ll>Hk>),Wi-:>l.yiin minim<?r,waiibnni ai Youug- 

roodji, B farmliouse four aules frcm Hw- 

Mul, Islaof Wifiiil, on 24 Feb. 1804. His 

wu a I&y iire«cber uncnis ib(> me- 

>, and hKil Immi urged by >Vc»U'5 to 

nvr titr reguUr minUtry, but nifused. Ilia 

lOliier vr»» Alley Gray, daughter of an old 

officer. A* B youth Etlicridgw waa 

^ iicfol md atudiotu. Hi.- wm priTotel; 

l0c«lt«l and betfan (o preach in l6SQ. To- 

wkAh tliu "nd of lt*l»7 t!ie praeldsnt of Ihe 

eii>nf*>riTu:nH-iit liiu) tnlluUlooMut tboKfiT. 

iJh. lieAUmimt, wfaaw healtli bad broken 

Inwn. At tbn BrUtol confifronce in Auji^M 

II Rtli«ridge TiTM reeeired into full cqq- 

b«in^ then «»cond mitiMtor in tbi.' 

iteo p-ircnir. During th«ty«arli« mar- 

lisa Middleton, by wbom h« hud one 

a dauf^bt'CT. who under bi^r fittti4'rV 

' t«aclunp bucuDtf ■ remarkable 1 liibiew kcIio- 

lor and tin)ruist~ lie took peculiar dclif^lit 

fat tbu Ettenxl Utcralurv and uinifuiurt-» ofcltt* 

t^t, and mmt of hU worlu rttlatea to tJiese 

tubiK'tH. DurinK wTerel yoarg of fei-ble 

]t)i lin livdi al CiU'n mid Pnriii, ami availed 

■hinvlf of ibeir librari'-s for carrying on his 

IiTQnrite siudies. Tlie uairerBityof Hyidrl- 

bniv in 1817 conferwd iii)on liim ih<* d*>^fr'r-« 

of Pli-D. as a recognition of bis exact scliolar- 

[akip and conlnbutiom* to k-aminff. Ktll<^- 

■iimwi cirxruil work on his rwjovery 

ind bthouriM] iiiircp.wfiillj in Bristol, 

1^-... , -lud London. From l^tS bu lived in 

(Cornwall, and dtadiarced uiniAt^-rial duties 

It Fetaancey Tntro, Falmouth, Si. Auiti^ll, 

■d CWniborni!. l'w» viiliiinnH of bio^rajtby 

I writtrti by him for the W'laleyan con- 

I ftsvnrc, ' Life of Pr. Adam Clortio ' in 1&58, 

i»nd 'Ufv of t)r. Tkoma* C^tkf' in ]84>0. 

I !Klbendf;o had on inliin«e love of work, and 

Nraa pntn-nt, mf»Wt, and c«ntlc', IT" dipd lit 

k*nmli'>rn<> on 24 May li^, ai^>d fi± HU 

prifici|[al works are: I. 'TJh? Apostolic Mi- 

•utjiiry and tbf> Question of il« K<^oration 

Cftiwidored," IHWl. 2. 'Hone Arsmaicte : 

(luilinc-s of the Shl^mitic Lnnmtofirc,' 1^43. 

ill. ' HinMrs, Ij'iirjrif*, anJ l.ii-niliiri' of the 

Myrian <"■: ' ' IHl«. 4. 'The Apoatoli- 

cal Act" ' s fnim Ibv rvvcuiio, or 

». ■ ■■'■, lft4!». .V '.Terowileni 

■■vt-v of tUcKt^liifiuuB and 

ohbt. .l.-w(i,' \r„, IftfiH. 

ilL'"!!!)' I : (tnkflrjfl and Jonathan 

iJfan I'm lVntnteiich,Jtc. ; frnmthe 

(rtuildr«; in :f voU., toI. i.lS^i, vol. ii. 18K&. 

(ftmiibV Mffonlrv, ft«- ISil : Mtanica of ilia 
Mi'thodiiil UoufMMM*. IflM.J W. B. L. 

KTKnJB, JAMES (lfll8M687). [Sw 



ETTY, WILLIAM (17H7-I&4P). painter, 
bfimat \ork on lU March li«7, was wvcntb 
cliild of Mat llipw Ktty and Esther (Calverley) 
hit< wife. HIsifiithiTwaitn hnki^randa miller, 
and it was at I lie ahop in Feaui^ale, famed 
for its fpHfi^ Thread, Ihut Willinnt was bom. 
Uia inutbvr had ' a face for a Mudonna,' uc- 
Corclin|7 to Sir Thomas Lawrence ; bia und^ 
William wua 'a beautiful dra.ii|^litKn)&n in 
pen and Ink.' EIt» eldwl brother (alfco uamt-d 
\Villiain, who died boforo our WiUiatn wait 
born) had u la^lv for design, but otUonriM) 
thcjre ia nothing specially to nccount fur iht* 
etroug tvndt!ncy towards art which hu phowpd 
whfiii n child. 'My firrt piin<?bi nti which I 
drew ' (ho tolls us in Iiis short autobioirraphy 
pllbli-■>h1^l in l.hi- ' Art. Jtmmiil' in 1849) 'were 
the boardnof my falhoriinluip-floor; rnvflnt 
crayon a farthinp's worth of whit* chal)(, but 
my iili<fl>iurf amountMl to ecstasy vhon my 
niolLer promtud mtt next morning, if I wen 
a fHOod Doy, I Ahould use aomn colours, mixpd 
with gum-wa(«r. I wu lo pk-a>^>d X (x/uld 
scarcely ulccp.' 

In 179H lie WHS apprcnticiKl to « tetter- 
pn<as printtT at Hull, and he iN>r%'pd hii full 
st'Tan ycanf. adding tlirL<u woelis' work aa a 
jiiurui'vinaii print<-r. Iliii iiru'Ip, in answer 
to hip rpjx'aled pwju^u, wri for him to Lon- 
d"n, and lin wn» iTw to follow the first and 
laiit aim of his life. Tlie whole of his little 
leisure during bis appr<.>nlice%hip was fepent 
in drawingnnd ri-odiii);. }l>>n!wars'thiiuf[lit 
iobeBpainU'r,'ben-roU>,'dn:ame(iDf nothing 
t-W,' A Rtroiif; MOM- of duly alono kept him 
lo bi4 diittiutcfiil «mplnyui>nl . He spealci 
ofharasMuff and s«r\'de duti<ii,'and adde, 
H yciir bcfoTV hijj duath, that he MiW somiv 
time's drvamt that ho was 'u captiTt;. and 
walte and find it luckily but a drrHm.' 

His unch; bcli>iip.-d to the Qrm of Dodlt^y^ 
Etty, k BodlcY, of Lombanl iStrcwl, nnJ was 
' bountiful naU benevolent' to biin, At hotnr- 
at bilk unrl^'M, anil fumivhifd with c-ush by Ilil^ 
brother Walter, he set. to work in earnest, 
drawinff rrtitii tlip antique at C.!Laiit.-llj'i> plafr- 
ter-co^l fbop in (Vk Uinc, Smithfjt'ld, antl 
soon achipv(Hl a ' CupiJ and I'syehe,' which, 
with tluiaidof Opic undthefcvoiirof Khm-II, 
procured biro eu1ranc« to lb'.- school of the 
Academy ot ' dear Somerset 1 Ioom:,' where he 
workvd with Colling and Itaydon. A hiia- 
dred guinons paid by hi* kind uncle gtive hua 
tbu privilc?ge of a room in Sir Tliomas Lov- 
rwnce'M houM in Orevk Street, Sobo. He n>- 
tatoed bis admiration for I^awrence, though 
ha Bwms lo Iiave had Utile iniitruction, ex- 
cept what could bojniued from copyine hi« 
ninxter's pictona. Cbarlm Leslie spfialts of 
his farlinT pietiirea as ' black and colourlew 
alUwpts/ and it wu not till 1811, after aix 



Etty 



a6 



Etty 



yfn' rp^ilar ctiuljc, iliut li^ eucciwled in 
getting an^ of liU pictures exhibited. In lUis 
year. Iiciww«r, liis ' Sapplio ' wo* new^pfed ot 
thi.- Brilixli Iiiiitilutiou.uid bis ' IVlenuchus 
reaeui^ Ihe I'nDoe^x Antiope from tha fury 
of thg Wild Bonr ' nl llie Hoyul Academy. 
Sonne ninu vran lal«r ho was looked upon bv 
lus compuiions 'u a worlhTploddingpenaa. 
wi(b no chance of ever fwconiing n good 

In ll»]6, with tlio Mp of Iii« brollicr, hn 
Srt out WItnly, but dill luit pHfiirtJii-rfbfcn 
F]oromw, forbewoB Inre-iiiclcboiiit^ftick.and 
in iU-heal(h,but tlw> short vi«it»wm»tohav© 
been of M>mc ndranla^' tn Wat nrt, for IiU 
pictur»sor It^ir and ISIS ntt7act«i som*- nt- 
tcntion, and in IMObp ii«hlcved n n-rti »ii«W5» 
bv 'Paiidorn' at the UHtiitli Inst ilnt ion nnd 
•The Coral Finders ' at the Itoyal Afadt-my. 
Tbisfluce(!«wufoUo>wei] uptht.-m-xt yi-srby 
a ' ('leopftlm,' which made a gn-at impiv&Eunu. 
' He avroku fuinuiu,' says Lisliu, but be did 
not rrliix hiK t-lfiirtn. In 1R2L' L^ naid his 
snroiid vtflit loluly. ]l(>went In Plorenoe, 
to Itome (wbi^re hu mot Canova, Kaallake, 
&ud Gibson), to othf'r ptarets, ))ii> half of bin 
tjiun durimc an abeenct! of t>ighieen months 
waa spent in Vt-nin.-. It wns a time of con- 
tinttous Btuily. ' Ht> p&Int^,' said tlio Venc- 
tiaiw, 'with the fury of a devil and the 
evr^otnf^ftKof an an^id.' U>j rL-liinii>d toLon- 
doti in Jariiinrv lfi-4, and the nigitt &fte> 
■wimU ' saw him nt his pnst oa tho Am- 
il>^-min b>aich.' ImletKl, Vifa w-aj one of Mich 
nerp^tuat wnrk that, pxcopt tba death of his 
father in 181^ and hi» occusional Htt'irkx of 
lovi*, wbicb were all on bia flidft only, th*-™ 
13 little to record in bis penonal life dunng 
these ynr«. 

Thonrii poor and in dobt till late in life, 
Lin brother Walter reliered him of all peca- 
tiiary an^itty. In 1831 be still owed thi« 
bnitltRr Hal/., and it was not till ISll that 
he wan able to tarn the balance in his favour. 
Hie mulaal affection and tru«t of thv two 
brottu^rswereperfect. Theartistnerer looked 
in vain fur the neooMary remittancu, and 
spent oYi-r^- fiirlhlnff lowarda the object far 
■K-hich it was lent — tne perfection of bte sIdU. 
Ktly left England an ariMinpltuhiHl rtudt'nt, 
ho rttiirn'^d iho perffcttd ina>iter. His pift- 
turc of l?yi. another version of ' Pandora,' 
waA purchu«ed by Sir Tiiomaa Lawrence, and 
in October ho wn« elected aa associate of tbe 
l^l\al Aoiidenjy. 

In l!*2t'i htf completed 'The Combnt ; 
Woman pleading for the \'ani)uiab«l,' his 
■first Terr larp> picture. It v*s 10 ft. 4 in. 
\>y 13 ft.' 3 in., and waa purcltaaed by John 
Martin, the painter, for 800/. In l»i27 he 
exhibited a still loixvr picture, bia timt of 



the ' Jttdich ' iwriM. all thwe of which w 
purchased bv the Scottish Academy, and 
now intho S^nlionalGall^ry of Scotland, and 
in Pebnuiry 182S ho was eloct«d to tho fuU 
honoura of the Academy. 

After hit retttm from Venice in 1 ftS4 Ri 
chaiij^d his lod^iiiirs frtijn Ifi Stan 
Lumbi<lh, lo 1-1 Hurlfin^ham Str' 
li«re bia molberrain*- with n 
on aviait to wl bin hoiiK g-" :t| 

tUo youn^girl stayed and k-ji m-i non 
hift death. N'mv, tboii);li hi« pivtiltun w: 
secure, his day^ were djient in painilnp, aii 
I till almost the end r>f his lif^, he «ttend< 
th«> life acbool of tbf> Academy likii a £'. 
ererv nii;ht. For many yenrs after he 
aoulcmtcian hir conid not command la 
for bia pictures. Uig price for a ful!-l 
portrait in l83Swai but 60/., and it wasou.^, 
by stnMiuous indujit rr. n^^id economy, and tw 
; painting of nunilierUtiu small pictunrA fi 
! dualcn and otliers, that he was able to pi, 
off his long arreara and lay br provinon foTj 
hiaoldage. Moreover, lie wonlcl not rai»e ' 
prioaa to ihoee dealers wbo be&iended hii 
when he waa poor, and a great pnrt of lij 
time waa spent in painting nine large he ' 
compoaitiona, dmigiwd with a hif^h m 
and |)«triotic aim. * In all my works' 
wrot«, *I have endeavotired to exen^iae 
moral induenouon the public mind.' 'In 
"BattJe''['Th« Combat"] I have striven t 
dnpict tht- bcautv of meny ; in "Judith 
patrioliam and Keff-nacriflco to one's i-nunt 
one'a people, and one'a Gad ; in •' Benai 
Uarid h I Jvti tenant," courage ; in *' Lnyufll 
and the ^irr!n.<t" resistance to pai^ion, or a 
Homeric paraphrase on the text "The wagca 
of ain !» tiiftalh ;" in "Joan of Arc" rvligiol^ 
loTBltT,andpatriolit)m.' For all ibeacwW 
except Ike ' .Tonn of Arc ' series, he ~ 
but flmall xum^ The Scottish .\cad6i 
him 600/. for the three ' Juditli*,* 200/* 
tban he received for 'The Combat.' jle 
ceived 476/. for a laigu pici ui» of * The Ch oi' 
of Paris,' painted for llie Karl of Ihirnley, hi 
Iho pavinents wuo gpread over aevemi Vea 
One offais largest and fmt«t piclur««,* l^v«^ 
and the Sii*>ii9' (now in the Ko^ral livitil 
tion, Manchiwt<Tt, and another of ' Deli' 
werB eald for 'J-Vil. the two. 

In 1830 he went lo Paris for the fi 
time, and wont on ' painting in tho Lou 
when grap^hot wwe pouring on Iho poi 
laec by t h- Pont Neuf and musketry raitb 
everywhere.' The death of hit^ motbcF I 
1821'; the return of his brotht^rCbarles &oi 
Java in 164S, after an absence of thirty-oni 
years; his flTorla againat 'th« de«tructiri 
demon of modem iraprovemi^nl.' which was 
laying hands on his beloved York Cathcdmi 



Etty 



47 



Eugenius 



[end ollipj- ramaind ofancii'Tit architivmre in 

I th(> city; u vUit or two to Itelgium and 

fVMnor; twoli>tti?r»lotli«' Morning Herald ' 

( l>*;*f{>on ili« protect ion of art by iLe statu; 

In ]' < -^i o» IliB ' Import ntioc of the 

Ari II." and miuihvr (It-lO) on Eng- 

! lialicn'. Lclr.iH; tlitM^ablisbmeut of* Yearly 

I'xbibitioii und u n-IiouI of iluai|^ at York ; 

an itnxiicowirul Hltt^iupl al friiwrb-paint ing 

ID tlic mitoiDcr-bous^m tht^^anleiisof Buck- 

iiigbam PoIbo.'; ii ut-^tiiig V'twuuD bJiusolf 

ninl bis four brolbiTS in 1R44; a vUil trt 

I-Minbun-'' "1 ■ ' ■ lie w-oa invited to a ban- 

i|ui-t by !i Acft'l'iin', iK'livurrd an 

»nni.- _ 1 jics urui, with bU brother 

.l.«) twonnoll priinfifororijiindl 

I" modt cTt rAftTiiinniy events of 

fciiTB lite hmn IHiH lo 184«. 

TV: niinbfT of picTiin>B of all site* wbich 
W |iro(Iuc«Hl in tbeae yean wiia ren* ^rent. 
Tb«y w«ro,lil(<> his pre^'imiB niclun>^ nearly 
all (Ki^-tlcaleutn)M«<tti'jiii>,d(.'sigTii<d (odi»pIsy 
llie hcttiity of the femiUo fimp. Al fiwl he 
had tli»u^'hl to paint ' Lond^vapt?.' 'Tha eliy 
-KILB ao bitautirul, find l)i«i<irpct»uf Light hiuI 
Ctaad. Afiftt^ords, when I fiiund that all 
xhv grvat ]Hiintcn<if ontiquilv bnd becomi.' 
' tliitli ffrt«t thriiti^i paintin;; (^tkm. Actinnn, 
< mad Av Huinan Form, 1 resolved to point 
7i'tthiiifF»lM;nnd,lindin^God*8mMrKlorioiis 
vnrU to b<< ^^'on]an, thav all human bc-auly 
had \iefin conceii trailed in her, I resolved lo 
d'xlicatctn7i";lflo|iftinliu);,— notthuDfAptn-'^ 
<ir SliUineTi work, — but tioid'b inttre glonotu 
irnrli, toorw finvly than over had bt'on done.' 
Kia hnllb hnd Inwii lun^ dt^lining wh«n, 
in r(cl(ilK>r IP-lti, forefloeinjr the end, he loft 
*}itthw pruducliun of vtoall picttircs, and dt*- 
T<rt<<d bunh'lf rntirftlT to rlio <^ompl<-rinr of 
hifl Usl huge triad, tne 'Joan of Arc.' lie 
■i))d tbi'oi owily for *2,500^, n larf^e price In 
«n«pu-imfl with wb«i be hnd nbtainpd for 
hi* ifitTlier and (bier \iiTg» picturem They 
wen* fc'iiarAl^IjrexhibirM in 1847, and tbouRn 
ilivy (ibowod ngus of failing powvr, and drew 
mom blunc than praito fmm the press, thoy 
W'l" :- '- -imirniiiin fmin liia brtjlhirr oi^ 
til' -• who ivmM ajiprt-ciate their 

out ••■ "...I 1. "-.'■- (_,f colour. 

1 1 bini lo brr-ak 

Iii- .,; ..r mufi, habit of 

atT. :l, and lie retired to 

V-'t. , ;i tho fdllowinff year 

on I't Nov. Lit woB buried with public 
hfiiMHtrs in ll«t diHrrbyard of St, Olnvc's, 
i)(^nr the ruin ofiil. Mory'ii Abb<'y, ut York, 
lu hii laal. years Ik- rrapt-tl Hit? fruit of biM 
lon« df-vociun to art. Hi^ piciun>!( fetcbod 
bigl) prvi-*". 'I' wn^-ifltilUnt wt^k.'ln' writea, 
in r ■ I liriflie's/KttvsellB 

fo: A fuw wwk< Iwforc 



his death he ntne up to town to «co tlic ex- 
hibition of his collected works al the Society 
>>f Arts, and enjoyed a triiimpti whit^b sel- 
dom bofallit itn artist. In bitt last eight years 
Le bad Aocuiuuiated a sum of IT^JOO]., and 
thocontcntdof hisHludioMld for 5,000/. Hh 
left hi* iii«c** hiM hount! at Yori nud 'JOOl. a 
y(>Ar, nod the Tfrst of hia pmpertv to his brother 
Walti^r, who ditMl ibnn^ inontlin Hf)>-rwaTxl«. 
If we have nonfof his uirodteat plclureit in 
our nutional odluctiotis in Lcndun, the ^&1- 
b'rieai nl Tmfiilgnr S-]ii3iro iind Ninth Ken- 
sington oontAin a numl>errif hie minor worha, 
wbich display to adviimii^jK his pni-gliiirqiiali- 
lies K8 a puintrr. hi.* rich and radiant cfilour, 
bia exquijtite fleih painting, and hi» grace of 
composition. One of thc-w., ' Youth on tho 
IV)vr uid i'leMura e.i the Helm,' ii one of 
Iho beet and moat chiuw^tori^tic of hia more 
fanciful works. 

(Art Union, [V«inbM- 1839; Art Joamal, 
Jnuuary 18*»; OiWirisiV Lifavf Etty; EcUe- 
tie n«riaw, nil. xxvi. ; R<«lfrmv*^«' C«ntury of 
Faiutern; RsIfiraTit'ii Diet, of Arliiitjt: Canning- 
kan'tt Briiiiih ^'uiaUni (JCeatDii); Pictunw Irr 
WillJAm Etty. R.A.; MaaterpiccM of Driiijih 
Alt.] C. M. 

EUOENS ((f. 618), Irish saint. [&to 
EoonAS.] 

EUGENlirS I-Vm, kinifs of Scotland 
afcordm^ to th« chron()loey ' wbi'reof For- 
doun laid the plan which Iloecv (Inish^d and 
Buchanan omament«d'(lN7fGS,f^V//fVa/£iiray, 
p. 699), hiivu now ltt.-en placvd in at lea^t a 
more cotuiittent aisti-m by referwuce to lia 
older nnthoritios and the more authentic 
though ttill litqfidy' vun)i.-ctural luHtui-v wliich 
Innes founded, Pinkcrton, notwitlistandin); 
some urrorB, bitlped to rectify, and Mr. Skene 
hax recan^triicli-d with f^at ingi'iuiily. The 
date of the cMxsin^oftbcDalriad Scots from 
Ireland to Scotland is now fixed, chiefly by 
tho criticism of Innea, at the tnid (^\x>c\\ of 
Feifcun Mor Mac Earo («. 60S>, and the list of 
forty kincs betwet^a s mpposititious Fcrgue 
Mac Fercnanl, ftIleK<!d to linvu roigiK-d aa tor 
backaslhreutentunM before Iho Incanmtion, 
fullat'j (he irniund, Kuocxira I, Buchanan's 
tbirly-niuth kin^i, among the rest. 

Et;QG5iD8 II, Ituchanaii'B furly-Srsl kin;, 
a luppose*! »on and Kucti.'ftaor of 1''<t^iij> Mac 
Karc, iH not mentioned in the earlier autho- 
rities according to wblch Ferjrus wae auo- 
cc-edcd by I'rmpard. 

KconKii'sJII,Buclianao'«rorty-))ixthkin^, 
said by him to have n^ignied &2iJ-i>8 a.D., Io 
Lave uvvn tbcHun uf C'unrallius K'unul) and 
th«auccMtM>ruf(i<ir;inuM((labbraii),i*>-'(lun1ly 
unknown to tb«se authorities. C'onal aiM 
Uabhrau appcoi to have beeo real kings, hut 



LUgenms 



48 



Lusden 



GabliraD wos succeeded b/ s CoDftl II, son 
of Cotml I. 

EvoBMlcs IV, llucbuun's flft^v-finit kinc, 
wbonignsd.iLccordingtotliiit writer, 0(l& '21, 
vik ■ BOH of Aidan, itii; kin^ * orduaed bv 
St. Coluntlin,' and can be id^ntitin) wito 
Eochoid Baidljo (Thf YcUow),tIie yaangett 
eon of Aidan, trho, luv-nrdiiiz In a pro]>kncj 
of Ofllatnbk sucercd&d biefitner ihroiigb the 
deaths oriua elder broUien and wns brought 
irp by Ibal Ksint (ASAUK.iX, L^fi^ 0/ St. 
Cv/imAff, ch. xxxri.) The true diite of his 
reign appears to bavi' h^tn (XHi-'Hi. It wm 
durinz it that Adamnmi was Imm and tluit 
0»u'iildnnd Osvrr. the eons nf the Northum- 
bmn Vmg ElJiulfritb, t<v>l( ^ofuf^^ >n loiut 
duriii(f tW »uj>reinnev of Kdwin of ])eim. 

KrQOK'S V, Iluclianan's fifly'siYth )(in^, 
thcaotiof lK>iigart,iunv {x:rhu|i« tiuidi*iili(ifd 
willi f>iclioid Uinnpnliail (With the Ixkng 
Nuse), who tvifiiii^ lhn.-u yittrs, and wu a 
COiif*im[ii)rnry of Flcfritli of Nort hum brio. 

KriiKSiUB VI, llucbanui'i) fifty-eerenth 
liinK, the snu of I'Vrchar Fada (Tnp Looff), 
callid Efiimn in one and Kwen in another 
Lorly Scottish clirooicle, reigned tltirteea 
yean, and was a conl«tiiporary of Aldfritb, 
thfl North umbrian kiukc, iii whoite rei^ 
Adainiinn and L'lilLbcrt ll»uriFhcd. 

EiruEMi*s VII, Buclmimn'ii tlAy-miilli 
king, ecoiniiiiK to thai writer the son of 
Kindan andhnilherof Anlb(■^lK■U;thu»(A^^l- 
<!huIlach), llif* fiflv-'"'Kh'h kiiif;, but nccord- 
lug 10 rwn old Scottish chrmiclps iho «ni 
of Murduciis (Munl'x'h). The tbifB of hi* 
n-iga ncfonliug to Hiichanan's computation 
VIM cm 97. 

EroKxirs ATII. nuclmnan'a sixty-fleciond 
kinp, was hy hi-< acci>unt tbo wu of Mor- 
(htcuy (Murdoch), llie lixtietb kin|r, aiul 
reiyned from 761-4. but accofdinj; to the 
oldvr ScjtiishehpjiiicW, Buchnnm h&a her« 
madftnn king<ioiitof one, and this monarch 
w&a thi! suini) u the [inwiHliii^. The jivriod 
lo which tlii-wi kings (^if there- were two) ia 
wtctffTiM by Burbanan, laUowiiiK Bowr, is a 
oritiioed tiarl of tbti hiMorv of Scotli«h Ual- 
riada. Ttio dttfeal und death of Donald 
Bnmk (The Speckled), son of KtH-hnid Buiilhe, 
by Owiii or Ewcn, a king of the f'umbrian 
lirit'Jiu>, in (JIU, ie »mppo*ed by Mr. Skene to 
liiivr Hubjocii^ tho J'niriad 8oot4 to the 
Britflne. A finHtr'it. followed betwwn two 
bramhc" of Ihe Dalriiul*, Iho CintI (triU- 
or cUn) l^m and thuCinul Unbliran, which 
furtbur weakiMir>l th<- Ualriad powtT and 
frposvxl it ronn attack from the preat Picli«]i 
kiii|[ Aii^f Mac ForfT"* (731-01). Thid led 
to the Kubjoction of the Dalriud S«jtB to 
the I'iom, until Kennelh Mai-al|iine {r. 1*44) 
unit«d the Pict* and the Scotd and founded 




thf! monarchy of i^ne. Il may )k duubti 
if it i<i powiblc to recorer the tru# hunor 
but thii brilliant atlvmut of Mr. Sk>.>no(;0// 

Jicittlaud, X. 27:J— '^09)dtl•e^v^'*^^nl<■tdr■^ati'>B 

Ono auun>ti of diffictiltT aristt' I'mm tb^ nui- 
aUo Rtwllin^ of thw Cvlltc namr-t, of wliicb 
the BunjflCt of the present anicle strordt a ~ 
ilIii»tmlion. Tlie ainirs all styled Eugeuii 
hy Buchanan and rh^ later ljitinrhr<^nicU 
»re in I he vemacutar callm] R^choid, Eocht'd 
HeoghprI, f^of^hed, Echach, ficha, Kochq 
Eog&n, Ewrti, and Rwan (_wp lirt in Ii 
Appviidix, p. 7ttfi). Some of thnse an 
^nellin^ofan n|^ and a people among 1 
lliera was no »(Ktl«d praclict*. Thv ( 
form appears to have been Eo^n or H<-ot(aiiJ 
and thu Bnlu^h, Owvn. In modern timi.i> tl 
liaa been cnnvt-rl'Hl into ilu^'h and Ktan, hii| 
it ia pocaible that more names are ouncaaJf! ~ 
under Uipm varirti™. Eii){<eniti» wasthe n 
suit of taking Lhe neareot Latin Mmirn 
lenl, as was done with 80 many crther Oaelic 
nami<«. 

(Thfl origiani sonnMa will )<« found in ll 
I Mppeailicm to InoWa Crittral Btmiy and tl 
Chroniclva dC th« Picla aad Scots; vlulo 
vorksofPordoun. WjnttHin, BoM».aadl 
inuat b* moftultod for this nidiaml timnriva " 
those of Innea, Pinksiton, and abore all 8kanc'* 
Coltic Sfotlaod, for tbs Tiam (^ th« nc 
critiMl Khool.] JE. IL 

EUSDEN, LAUTIENCE (1688-I7S 
povl Inunwt*', whom family i« md to Iwi 
occupied a jr"od poaition in Ireland, was 1 
of the Bev, Laurence Eued^n, rector of .Suof 
forth, York.thire, and was hnpcinasil thwfi 
6 Sept. ItteS. He went to St. I'eM" 
School, York, and was admitted as penaion4 
al Trinitr CoIIcpa, CBmbrid);>p, 'ii Marc' 
1706^ Ite gT»duat«d B.A. in 17UH, MJ 
in 17t«. fin '2 April ITOO lie boiraue 
scholar of hi» colles:«, was edinitlm] u 
minor fellow on '2 Oct. 1711, and Adrane 
to a full fellowship ou 3 July 171^'. Ue> 
came third nublector on 2 Uct. I71:f, nudj 
^-Lvr later wits admitted u woood sublurtc 
lliii tintpnidiirtton iniirintwaaa tntnidatin 
into Latin of Lord Halifiuc'a poem on 
battle of the Boyne, to wliich ne drew 
l«ntion bv a ponm f-o the nohle nulhor \i 
Steele's 'Voetical Miscellanies ' (1714), an 
those ctfusionsprocun^d him Hnlifot'.* patroid 
Bt^'. Kiiwd'^n evU'briileil lhi> luarriiik'" of t) 
Uuke of Newcastle (u Ladr llenriettik GikIoI 
phin ( 1717) in a poem of unbluNhin^ llnttiT 
whicli th<! iliiki- nMiaid with tbv p^^nt uf jm 
laun'are (24 Pec. 1718), then vacant, by tli 
dealb of ICowe, and in hi> ^ift n* lord olisn 
berlain. The appointrnpnt provoked conoid* 
able ridicule. Tliomaa Cooke il703-17ft* 
[(]. v.], in his ' Battle of tbo I'octa ' (IgSftj 



^, of Eu*()«ii iM 'bv fortunf rau'il, by 
ffnw hivn Ti'od. bv ti-ver pmis'd ;' and 
li> ' ' "f lIuitliingbaiRtin bi«'Siw]iiiin 

y? dial. AiMiUn'fl iruubli^ wore 



h'J Eoatltiii and crjr'A, Who Hhitll luivo it 
!lBt I ih« frw) UwcaU, to vhum tli« kiai{ ffiva 

rtT 

Apollo bconc'd panlaa luid Knatod bi* daioi, 
BvE nnradlint till tHu> be naVr heAnl irf his 

BctVMtil722«iii) 17:i5EufiJnu tonic nnlen 

Id th(> Enifli'^b cimrrb, und was aiit»<)iuii.-<I 

diaplatn l» Iticbnfil, Innl Witl'iiif^hliv de 

Brok?. ThmuEh ili« f«vnur of ilr. CoteE- 

worib h* wn* Wlitutod to tho it^Kirv of 

iby In Lincolnsbin*. uid ditnl Oier« 

^^, cut, 1790, Or»v,in aleltcr to Mawn 

[M^l 10 l)w, 1757 < tKrhi,v<i. ISSl. li. 31'.>, 

ij^ ihfti • Kiiftdcn wa* a p«>r«»ii "f rtwiI 

upM> in hiA yniith, tKoiiffli at last bv turned 

lit B itniiikrii |ini>'>n,' n ju'lgtni'iit wliicli ia 

ipj bv tie lilK-ft of I'ojw. Ill tbe ' I'lin- 

iKwk I. 293, W0 art! fild tliat * Htuuluii 

ifjt no iii'iri< fir nark or [irnifc* ; ' lliir A2't 

f liTHik ii. of the Hatnc poem nripinally ran. 

lliiw Ijiurutlnr iiioi'ir't) brcidu b siiilci'iind 

"oAilrn i^ £trii'rally mnsidhTiMl ihi? 'pAraon 

uch boTiiii«'d in Wvr ' of [h« e)H*tli; to Ar- 

'buthtinl, vprwT Ki. Jlr- U-fl Ix-Iiind hini in 

iiKript tmicUtiuii »r part of Twso's 

drlcA«ii(J klifo of lUu poet. lUs Ubnr)' U 

A lobavi'bi'cn bold in 1703. 

^uthf^y'M i>in>tiii>> ( l^Ur KnylUh PtttU, i. 

') U a jiiM rriticiam 'if l-*iu«Jrii't poatnsi 

iilniiu of fiiUnni" (!nMpr>- in mcdiorjw 

!IT,* bill bis jKhl ica\ tntifilat ions ore soniL^ 

rt eul(^>rd for nostcuiiig 'aome com- 

nd of lanffua)^- nntl ainootlineM of veraiR- 

tioa.' Ilift works wtw : 1 . * The Roval 

'tmtly ; a l^n^'lrr In Aililikon on tht^ Kin);'s 

nvMiion,* 1711. i. 'Oriirinal I'o<>mH aiid 

Trniulalinns by Mr. Hill, Mr. EiiMlen, &&/ 

1711. 3. 'Traii'btiims fmin Claudiftu nnd 

:'> ''.IIS,' poem to Lor<l linlifiu on reading 

""'•VIP in ibp •<-... 1. 1 If" on Milton, 

'■If's ' i'o' I Uiiitvi," 171-1. 

; - :.f ill.- 1 1 _. C'ommencc- 

ncntnlt 1 '.714. tw'"t'dnioiis;inoi\- 

juiimati-.! ■,. tfCiiiulfUAComiaLMtiori.-t, 

It II • ;r,:( i'-nt!y indw!oni. fi. * Poraia 

l\.r \ iitI ■' lldH-rirnmon, nnkp of Biick- 

B|;huni, und Uirluird Diiki',' 1717. Uos- 

miuon's ■'May •ni lnn»lal<'<l verve in this 

ilitjon iitpritiiwl wiib n Ijttin rrrsion by 

utji'n. n. ' PfK-ni on Mnrriaffe of llie Hiike 

N'vwmatlo t'l I.«dy Ilinri'-tia (iiidalpbin,' 

.717. 7. •roKDj ion>'r Itiivnl Highnuw on 

' ■" IViwr," 17lB. H. '(Wefor 

17^j til); Brst of a Bcrici! uf 



I ouch pnxluctiona ealirtaod by Pop« lu tli» 
I lines 

I'ik* jouriuil*. oI«a, and such forgotWB lfaiii|ta> 
As BukIbji, Pbilipd, SHXXa writ afkingB. 

U. Tbree poana oddrcBsed to Lord-cUao- 
MIorMitCCiosSeld niid bia ton. \jOtA Piirk'^r, 
172-', 10. 'Tli.f Oriffin of iho Kniahu 
of tlif Uatb,' 172(». 11, Threi* pocma to 
llip kin)( and uoeen, 17^. dtifli^ ini>n- 
(iona Kiifdcn inS'o. MS of the 'Spectator' 
aa Ainong bia a*si«taDta in thut journal, and 
Im> 10 nauallv i*rvdited witb u ciirioufi li.'tt«r 
in till' n«in\)<T for 7 June 1711 on 'Idola,* 
with some 'amuflini^illufitratioDa of cuelomt/ 
Hf< ia SBppoB^.'d to ha%'>' oonlribiiled lo its 
RDccwBori 'Tho Oiianlian,' a letter in No. 
124, which \t- entitled ' .Mor<f UoHriiiff* of tlin 
Lion,' nnd In- mvi.* wrtainly thf mithoroftha 
iHMtical IraiiHlalioDS from Claudiaii in "Sit*. 
viT and Idl. Inl bo translation of nviil'i 
* MvtaiiKtr)jlto»«M,' which apponred in 1717 
imdcrtbeiuimeof Dr. Oarth and nthrR>, and 
wasrvisauud in Whill iiigton's • Urit i*h I'ci a' 
\<\\». xvi'w. and xcv., ho rwndpred i»3rlioii» of 
bonks iv. and x. EuiKli'n was uno uf tlH> for* 
tiinnti* f'.'w who wrrn jmnnitlt'd to iirvfix 
rommendatoiy Vfi>*» lo Addison's ' Cato.* 
PojK.' snL-><rH at hitn acain in tW * Diincind,' 
lyxtk i. line 101, aa AKing out * BWlimDro's 
eadlme line,'aDd be was thu 'L.K.'of Pop<t 
and SwiH'a triinliM of ttio bAthoA. Tli« boiC 
spucttttona of Ku8tl<!ira muae will be found 
in NichoUa collection of poema, iv. IStMW, 
220-41*. 

[Austin nnd Ralph's Poeta lAunat«. SX0-*9 ; 
Ilnmiltoo't t'Oeta Lniiroat*. ItO-d; Cbalnctra'a 
Wuriota. xvi. \x.i Cibbar'a I^ivta, ir. 103-7; 
Jaeob'a Poata. ii. £1-3: Nirhola'a lUoMratioos 
of Iiit. ii. 617, and liit. AnrnlotM, li'r. AS7; 
Horn and (jiii-riL-f. jth mt. xi. '19. \bl-Z. xu. 
336 : 'IVin. Coll. Rbi.rda.] W. P. 0. 

ETTSTACE (d. li'M). l'"li"P of Ely.eccle- 
■taatic nnd «talesmnn,' vir mtillip m'it'ntiw ft 
discretionia ' \Annal. tt'inton. li, t>t), 'vir 
litcralura tarn huniana qunm divina iii>ii(nue * 
(Matt. r.ilil.s,ii. 5ii!d),waaof unknown orii^n. 
lie Hwurwi tlw coufiiii-ucu of llMiry I and of 
Ttii^hard I. TTt.> bi^amc vicc-chanocilor atid 
keeper of the royal ».<al,anduItiiUBtvlycbaii- 
o-Unr(t;KRV*a.'C*5T.i.r>44; Anrial. ii'iittoti. 
uj.) Hv. wtu also dean of Salifbury. At 
Ibnl iH'Hod all ihe chiaf postx in th*- churcli 
of York and ito julfra^n Mes wen, asa ruli!, 
vmploy«dlo provide for royaloffici«l». Diirinf 
lbe«ii»pen»ionofO<'oirrpy,nrc.hhii»hopofYork 
Tn. v.j,b^ lh« pope, in 1 195, Kicbard appointed 
Luttnc«inl 1tfOtr«aiiurerofVork,oatlie(lc*th 
of Ilouchanl d« Puiaot, and in the BUitQ year 
^ave him the ^normouaand lurralivu areh- 
doaconiy of lUchmond. In llt>7 Hichard 



"— ^•' 



Eustace 



5° 



Eustace 



aiipoint«d EiutnAo bishuji ot Kly. odvnnoing 
Kim uL the unw limi! lo tbr cUutiei-llonbiu 
(jliuKiiL Maiyam. V- )2U). IIo wsAviucU-u 
bifihop 10 Au^. 1 liiT nl Vmidn-uil. His cua- 
HwralJcm by An-hljmUop Hubert took plaC"- 
in St^ fatlierine's riia|>tr1, AVcstminsttT Ab- 
bey, 8 SUrch 1 nifi f Matt. Pari*, ii. -141*, 621 ; 
IlnvRRBS, ir. 12, i4 ; Dil'kto, ii. 15fl). A 
few weeks prt'viciiilvIiL'rvpn'Sfiitedt be iing 
nt the eliTlicm of l!>" rtujii-rHr iil folngnv, 
22 Feb. 1106. >Vht-n conwcrat^d, P^uatace 
WOK commiMioned by llichnrd, in ompany 
■willi tlic Biflliopd of I>nHiftm and \\*inclie«t«tr, 
t'juropowtenoi of reconciliation with Arch- 
hi&nop Geoffrey of YorW (HorcDEx, ir. GG). 
OiiL- of iticliaril'c lut acta wu to MntI bim 
»5 hi* i-)ianrt>11or to reataiutrat« vritli Philip 
AutfUfiluBof Fnnoooo alk'ued infriiin-iavnis 
of tlu' fivp jif*T»' p»-.acie (tft. p. ftU). liu wa* 
pTvwt'nt at the corona tioimf J nbn oni" May 
1199 (ib. p. 90), M wi'li u nl. biit l.binl con>- 
iMlion t(><;;relhRr with hU qupitn iHobelU at. 
Cwrterbury, liHJl (Annal. lSuif.,n. i. 206). 
Till' noxt Tear lie was one nf the juflgoA-dcW- 
tmtt; iipjjomtvJ by Linoctiiit IH to uiccJiiilQ 
in !iiB coiitrotersy bctwwn Archbishop Hu- 
liert and ibe muuke of Ctinturburv rusixiuiing' 
tliM roncj^iAlo (-biin.-!i cotumenoea by Hubert 
BlI.amhorh(FToM:uiis,iv. 12fl; AtmaL IFiii- 
/o». ii.77). On 22 Nov. ofthnt y«ir(1200) 
T^utlacr! wilnpfiaed the hnniafre iwndtTi^ by 
WilUftm of Scot In nd lo Joba for liii> English 
fiefs At Lincoln (IIovKtiKS. iv. Ill), lliit 
liigh Rputatiou for l>>urniijf( and wisdom is 
fthown by his fri^qucnt einplovTO'-nt in im- 
portant eccleaiostic&l causee. In 1201, when 
Arcbbiithop Gcofl'n^y r^fuMd to roc<»niu 
Huooiiuii 118 &rc]u]»ac(iu of Kichmosd, Iniio- 
eent d**lenl«d hitu to (•xamine tbu UQattiji* 
(t%. p. 177). Ho wttS fl S<i|)t.) one of the 
pApu «ota[Di»«ii>o U} tuquirf* into tho npurlud 
mtraclM of St. Wulsian of Wo««t«r {^AnwtL 
Wiffvm. ir. 391); in 1203 lie waa mado ar- 
litnitor in l!ifi di.tputi'! bef wi-«n Ihi^ mnnltvof 
Ereeham and their abbot (Ckron. ErtsAam, 
p. l!29), and in 1206|innnl (■(■ijimipuionpr, in 
oonjiinction with the Ki^hop of Koch&ttCT, to 
«xiiiiiini> tho clainu of thw rale of Evesbain 
for exemption from ppi-impnl jiiri.«diotion (tfi. 
pp. 191, 1512, 222), Wh.."u in 1203 J<>bu was 
Bunimonod by Philip n.i his overlord to ren- 
der an acntuiil ijf ttic di'nili of Lis n(.'pbuw 
AflJuir, tbo Itisbup of Kly was s<rnt wilh 
Aichbtaliop Hubert to <wttlc tliv t^-rniE of bin 
iafwoonduct to and fnttn ihti Fn^nch vourt 
^GBRT4a.CABT.f<M/. ./?«;. ii.flft; Mitt. Paris, 
il. fi5S). He wae one of the three prelates 
Miected in 120^ by Innofvnt to ftndcavoiirto 
pticiiyJobn,andindiiCQ him to accept Stephen 
us pninnt4>, and to thn-atf n bim on Iiih rcfuatil 
witlt on tulonlict of tiid whole kingdom and Iiin 



nwii •'tcommiinioacinn. John pmrint' cooli 
mocioua. Eui>tac« and Iuk brethreu on tl 
following Puaaiou Sund«y, 24 March 1208, 
proaouniwd llid iiitvniict, and iiumcdiutcly 
<>>« ape<l acroH* the CItaiinwI. The clironiclvrs 
of lh(! ilay ara vpry severe upon the bubops for 
thus ' lli-ning wlii-n t Lry wiw flio wolf coOTii^r/ . 
in.'^ti^a'lof lay ini;do\m their lirtviforiheSorkpl 
and ' living in lii.x i ) tbo sead wfam 

thnyxhuuld harr -i;. : r vilvc-f iis a wall 

tonrotert iho haiii»-':i r-Lu t^Wf:siK(tEB,iti^ 
'iiS; Matt, Parik, ii. 2o.'); Annnl. tfaivrt 
ii. 2flO), An int'iF.-ctmil an^-mpt town 
the end of the ye*r was made l»y Ktuiace, 
toE^lhcr with the IJiibopa of London and 
\\ onci«*t<'r, at the iiMit'iiiw of lb« arcbbtsbof 
to come to lirrm? with John. Thoycro«iedt 
Chaunel and vainly ^vaicvd vi^it wccka for i 
iut<?rview(.<jiMi7/. H'averl. ii. 2*11). Iliuljie 
took part with Dm esoiq bi^ops in otl 
■imilur fctli'inpli* (Im) folloiviiif; v<-ar. At Call 
lerbnry ther luel llifl bixhnpci who rmnainr 
faithfnl to John and other lending per 
and di^cujucd tho way of reconcitintic 
Tonns were agrevd upon, but John r«fu 
to ratify them. John tiavini,' shown imtai 
symptotut. of yi«tldiu^ in fuar of ibe ihnwtvni^ 
excoiuinunication, l->ui<taca and hia bn>tbn>ii' 
crofsad again to I>o^-er in October ivitb tho 
arctiliiHlKipbintM-lfundnraaafi^-condiiiTt. Jiiht 
came to nirtct, thorn M for as Cbilham Ca^tU 
and oJTvrvii iinpi>»(Mhli> terms, whwn (he bwhc 
n-tiirM''dtol''mni('l.>[irr'jnin'lni«,w*'th«loi 
dehiyMl ex l'oduu mi location (jA. ii. 26.3). 
wa»«cntljyth*'mQl tlic [(Opo'scomraand) 
bi»hopa rvmainin^ lu Knglund, with ini 
tiona that it ehoiild ha puhliAhed llmnii'hOtli 
Ibe realm. The bl'hopi, 'lik^: dumb oo^ii 
kbrank from publifhinsth^'cdict, wbitt^a Id 
appnht.'nition withheld Eu^tofo and his cod 
panions from undvuvuurin^; to compel thud 
(Matt. Paris, ii. ."i26; Wi:sr»oTER, ili. 22S) 
After the failure of Paudulf's mission hi iiati 
accompanied Ijan^'ton on a miMion t^i Rot 
to nrws forseviinT meji^uma. The pope for 
nmlly pronounce*! senten<!B of ilfniutitmn nl 
John, and e>^nt Pundidf with tti' '' ' lil 
bishojis to make Philip the offer of 
(Wexdovbr. iii. 22^.243; Matt. 1 
53-VG). This tuea*uri' brou^bi John to at 
ject nuhmi.'Vtion, and »n the landinf^ of EuiW 
and the biiihop^ in PanduIPs Imin at Ikr«r^ 
on 1.1 May 121:i, thi- Itinjf teui!i*r<^d bis doi * 
of resignation, in which hiipromi-k'd l^j ri'im^ 
burse Eustace and the other fxili^lprt'lalwifii 
thoir confiMaled estate* and other ptrrmiar 
lo69ea. The removal of the inh-nlii-f ivw4 
def(;rred till ih^rse promise* had b- 
fultillod ( WrspOTBB. iii. 2m). T' 
last donennd (In* pnvment act " 
interdict wait miAcd (^29 Juti^ i. 



Eustace 



51 



Eustace 



I 



h<>olhpmik*il prelates hmTingooeemort' 
il l!ic rim:i:ip| myt IIlu now llUQlMi^ 
"Idii. r And |>rnc<>c-ilrs1 with him 

K) ^*- ii^re, in the tlwtpter-bnaw; 

of lbt> cnlltt-dritl, lie K<Lyivis] (iliWiliiTir.ti on 
aOJuly 1:;I.'<0'A.: MattPahip, ii. TjoO; A»- 
no/. Ihintt.iii'dTV In till the tAn}tk-dcv*?nlit 
AaA in the Torioiu couitcilK of lliis etirriitg 
-poriodEiuUOBtook KkaditispaTt, OnlNov. 
i;;i4 hu ([Bve tbp pontific^ heiiediction to 
'Wdliun of Trumpiiifiiun on hit! ulcclion u 
•tilfot of Si. AlUns (MlTT. lUlUS, ii. 11.''^ i 
WsiTDovctt, UL JtK>i. In thu xatao year hu 
bM*nH> un«: of John's miivt.iHit tit his diiicon- 
t«iitf<l 1>itroni) tliKt he would ^niic thorn a 
cluirlf^, in coniiiDcticin witli the iirrhbiBho]) 
and Wjlluim Miir«h<it (WiixixtVEB.iii. 296). 
JIo iJfd tin a visit to tlit- nb!)Ky of KeadinK 
OD S F(.'b. I2I0, &nd iras buried in hiii catlio- 
dral church, to which he had tidded ft new 
' fiiil 11 !■••.' Whether ihia v&tt the western 
porch, which now fcocs by that aamc, or sumo 
oU»<r prirlidn nf tlir fabric, consiiilerHl iani) of 
ojchHictun] style render qaeetiotiabUi. 

[3(«uli*wi>r r«pis; JlovMeu : I>i«to> Mo- 
fMsae Anoiila ; Kog»rofWctdoTor(««>MfcT»>ncwi 
in tha aniclo) ; (todvin, De E'rvaulibni, i. 2at : 
Le y^v'* F«ti.] K. V. 

EUSTACE, JAMfS, third Viaror^T 
Bu-TtKuLU (rf. lut'^), was eldest koq and 
hiiir of ^ir Iloland Eiutucf, srcotid YiM'onul 
Ballini:!** in Wicklow. by Joun, daiifrhi*-r 
of Jam*^ Ilnller, hird I>unbo\ne. IColand> 
(athcr. Sir TUonuui Hiif-Ioci-, wiis nf ihc i^aiiiL' 
iriork with Itoliuid Kiitliur.', Iiiimn fif Port- 
Ii»t«r'i). v,}.imdpn«ie&!(>di'fllat«stn Kildnrc, 
Hickl"w, and Puijlin. im-Iuding tUtt t/iwn 
of Itttllymiir"' KiutAct' in ilur Idl trr (miintv. 
Heurj- VUI in RAI cn-attid Sir Thomas 
Kn>ta(^x batvin nf Kil(riilli>n in Kil<lnr<%nnd 
iti 1^1 t^rontotl him <bo til.hi nf ViHrount 
Raflinfria*, to^vtlier with tite aitt> and lands 
of tiie di.'VKilv.id CL*t^■rci«n nlibcT thr re. On 
tiv i«conil viacoiitit's decM#e hi* titUfi and 
HUint <)<iri<lvt-il on Jnmm Eustucu. who 
ni'>' ' ' and mhurM» of Sir 

JiV 'wn.co. Dublin, and 

wu -Mtli the Kurlof Kildor^ 

otn! Ttunt nf thv Anj:hi-lri«li 

(amiii'->. iiK iijini Viscount Daltiii^las did 
dA ci>nfi>rin In llic c^tabli^hiid rhun-h, nnd 
■■■t\ recfinl it a{i[i'-ar^ tluil. 'hftrlly 
' "^ion to the till*.- hv was tiucd 
riiArkj fur havinir heard n miiM. 
-feni lo havu Uvu pcj^rded by 
:iri6< as cndowt-d with i-inineui 
he u AlAtiKl lo ltnv<- )HM*n n 
Wilb !h" dhji'i-i. uf ri»- 
1 1 I r l.iriTi in Irclnnd. 
.'Ill' J" u:'ii><'- nnddisabilttti^ 




impodod on ita prnleseon there, Itallin^libt 
i-tili-rvd into a oonfednmcy with some of the 
natire Iriah in Ijeinnler and t'lMor, In- 
formation in rohition to thi« movement is 
aibXi^ To h&vi> Aral reached the ffovero- 
ment at Dublin tlirooffh the wife of one of 
t]]<M« engaged, in it, wlio furtively obtniniMl 
potKBion of a letter which ahc erronootuly 
snppo«ed at tint to have rvferesce to Mna 
intrifni" of her hiuband, of whom alM waa 
i<;utoue. Little ntuliiiilie luatiTial has nsyvt 
hcea pnhlished in illation to |{Qlrin(rIa* and 
Ilia projt-ct*. lo July l->4> be uddreeaed a 
communication to ThomiiM. earl of Ormonde, 
in wbidi he apprised him that ho liad Utkea 
up lh« swonT to ' mJilntnm the truth ' by 
command of the'LIght'ct power on earth.' 
He nroletfted ng&inHl t\in sevtintiefi and tn- 
juitic^^' inlliet^ iiT Eliwlx'th's ofiioinh on tfat^ 
people of Ireland, n.'j)udiateii th" ri-cvifnilion 
of a woman as h«ud of the church, and addhd 
tliai but for the d«ath of Bvcltot ihi.' earl's 
ancǤtors couM never have acquired Iho Or- 
monde pui'nLgr, ThiB letter was lnin«roitt«d 
byOruioiidc to the governuient, and ihecap- 
mro of Baltinslod was «mruaTtMl hv il to his 
ivtative, th« Karl of Kiidani. Italtia^lsfl 
AppfAted in open hostility to the crown in 
Jun« IGt*0, when h« joined the native Imh 
in Irf'inater who encountered and n-pulsed 
the forces k-d ngaiust Chein by the lord 
deputy, Arthur Grey. Baltin^laaand his fol- 
lowers continued in umfi for «e^>3ral months, 
but with resources too limited for tliK atlAin- 
ment of any important result*. Towards tbo 
closn of Ifidl Hulliiixloii, with one of Uifl 
brothers, nalwiltislandin^ the vifnlance of 
lhi.< (^ivommmital ii|^rtili>, vuiix'wded in reach- 
inj;S]iaiii, where thev hopt^d to obtain aid in 
arms and EUppUue. 'they wen? received wit-h 
favour hv Pliilip IT, who aM>i^'n>-d lihTsl al- 
lowances to them. The Tvliim nf RolTinfrla^ 
to Ireland with viippliesfram Spain WH looked 
forward to with liiijw by catholics in Ireland 
and with a|>prehen«ion by the new M>tllarB 
there. IIn does not appear, bowovcr. to hare 
compK*tvd the rttiutsite arraufiemeuis when 
he was carried on by death in Sp^iu in No- 
vtnnher lJi8>r. UallinfilAS watt uutlawi'd bjr 
Ihi-i^v^niment in Ireland, and htHpn«te«io&s 
were vt^sted in th« crown. Amon^ them wag 
nhriiijti' in Diililin of which a grant was mnde 
to the |i>iet Edmund Hpenaer, sfcrt^tary to rhe 
lord dt'puty, Arthur dr«y. The Earl of Hil- 
da n.- and the Baron of IMvin wcrv iinDrisoued 
for a ci>ii.-<idemble tim« on chargiw of having 
connived at the acta of Italtiut^lM and hi* 
n<lhi-reni«. Korty-live jwrKOnj^ are elated to 
have been exM^ulecl at Uulilin for ullep^ 
complicity with Baltimrlos. In IhsR an act 
wna pa»wKl iu thv )iarljaniunt at Dublin fbt 



!.ustace 



iustace 



the atrninder of Jnmes KuAtare, IhIx \i*~ 
count BHltinvliLi, with his brfithcrsiymund, 
Tltotois. Wftfter.nnd IticUsriJ FiiMiint. Siti-n- 
«i?r, in Ilia ' View of tlin S4at(< uf [n-Iand,' tuw 
loA »\imv oWirvatioQB on ih't dilficiiltiiv' en- 
CountMrcJIiythftftovemracnt inobtn.iiiiiii{[>»r- 
llamenUn- nssenf to llifi retmqvTtivecIsiiftes 
which wriTi* cnilKHlicct in ihiii statute. 

[State Pupen, Umrj VIU »nd Klimt^th 
^Ptthllft KmotiI Offlw, lyiniion); Ciiwir MSS. 
(LnnWlH]; CarW Pii.p«ri (Bodlmn litirerr); 
JMorue Cotliolion Ihornim Oompendium. tflSI ; 
DeproMnn murtynnli in Hi)>«<miii. IS19 ; Com- 
nxratory no wrvicv- of Lord Gn>j (CatndcD f^ 
«iot|F). 1847; llilitmia AaclicaiM. 1889; Cun- 
duni .Anuiiliv, rfKti.-inti> Elitnlwllia (I«TiIpn, 
10^91 : Suiiilm i^r In'lniKl, 1621 ; CbttrtofAnM 
of ^SL Mary's Ahlfv. DuMin (IUill»S-riM), 1881; 
Fa«siniilai of Nulionnl M8S. of IivUnd. iv. 1. 
1892.1 J.T.&. 

EU8TAOE,JOIIXCnETWOI)E(17B9P- 
1816), clanicsl anli(|U4r^', was born in Iro- 
iMid about 17fi2. nil mother htm d»oindt!d 
from iho nnci(-iil ClK'sLiirt- fainilT of Chet- 
wode. Il iaiiaiLl tlial m» i«r]y IL« 1^17 bewae 
«onl til S(-dir!py Park aclmrtl, STflfforcUliir^, 
wlmi* hft n'mRim-d llll 1774 (CathoUc Ma- 
gastju, If^'lA, iii. H^). TIo then pmocii'ded to 
tli« EnfrliKh Ben^dictini? cooTent nf St. 'ire- 

gity at T>niiaT. After n'wivins tlic habil tm 
(I without making kts prori^tution, tliou^li 
heftlw(iy«n-t«iiifda wsrm ntlflclimcnt totlie 
nrder. Afterwards he wi.'nt. lo MHynootli 
Coll«g», tBUght rhptnric llien* for notu't* tim>', 
fttulvitsordaiaed priest. lUshop Milncretatpe 
tliatEustAc»,iLA«r provoking ttinindijinnlinn 
of the prvkti-B of Irt'laiK), casio to England 
and settled in X\i<- midlan'l di»tric-t, wli«re 
he not only dssocialr^l witli tint pn)fc(it*nt. 
clcrfr>',hut cncouragodhb fellow-helievi'rsto 
atti-nd their Jtervicp*. 'Tins conduct, wan so 
nirturioiu and offenaive In real catholic* that 
I wa» called njKin hv my hrerhren lo u«« 
■erery means in my pnwor to put n stoptoit ' 
{HrsKSiiKTH. U/r of Mi/wr, p. 3St9>. 

Kufttarf! waAthcintimntc friend of Edmund 
Burke, hin r-oii(idenlisI adviser. and bit com- 
panion in h'vf ln-<t illntfui. I-'or it'mii' time li» 
B»NSted Dr. Collin* in his ecliool at Southall 
Pafk, and when ilr. (jhamWrUyne nptired 
tnra tbo imasion Eustaco iiiH-c<HKle<! him at 
Owwy Park, tlm w^t of 8ir Willinm JeminjT- 
hnm, near Nnrwicli. FIp wan reaide'nt at dif- 
ferent periodninboth thoamrer«itie« as tutor 
lo twoyonnn relativw of Ijord Pwtre (Clai- 
TOK, S^cMm in /?r&7mpA.v, p. 383). In I^^Oa 
he traTpllwl throneh Italy with John ('u^t 
(efterwanlB Lord Brownlow), Kolx-rt Kiub- 
Iwokc of llnahbrokff Park, and Philip Koc^1l^ 
To 1805 be was rwiduat in JiKits Cone>rp, 
Cambridge, with Owrgs Potrv, and there he 



a»soriatnl with tbu moai emtDi^ni litarnrr 
men in the univKmity, especially Dr. I-Mwar 
Daniel Clarke, who nxnmmi-nded him lopul 
liiilithtfmnnuiicri pi Journal iifliiK tour lhrouj;_ 
Italy. Afterwarna ii(> took a journey with hti 
ptipil, Goorj^ Putre, through part of I>al 
ufttia, tlie westi'ni rooAi of f irr«re, tlM lonb 
I8lAnd^ Sicily, and Malta. Inl8I3hia'Tc 
through Italr' mj* publishi^ Tlii^ Wil 
acquired for itfl author a sudden and a wiJ 
n>putAlion. lli-i soqunintanfre waAjtoii 
almost all pcTM)nsinthi.'<i"ofUitTTdi>tinji 
by rank or talentJ! ( (fent. Ma^. vol. 
pt. ii. p. 372). 

Id Junv 1814, during the shoit mace, 
accompanied l^nlA ('arrington and KiUrx o^ 
an ezcunion to Fraacu, and on bis retur 
publiolied a remnrkabi* dewriplion of tbs'' 
cluingiv mnAfi by war and mrnltition in that J 
cnuntr}'. 1I«< went ngsin tn Italy in IKIQ, j 
nnd waft collecting matcmlsforan^wvoloma J 
of his 'Tour' when be waa attacked by 
laria, and died at Xnpleson 1 Ang. l!(15.i 
52. Hi> wii8 buriwl m the churcli of tho Cr 
eelle {Vath'Aic Ma;/. IWW. ii. SOO). 

His workjiare; 1. • A P»IiticalCatORh!H 
niliipttfll til tliK [ireni-nt moment,* 1810, 8v^ 
(anon.), written m the spirit ofa legiiimnM 
whig. 2. * An Annww to the ("hnrci^ dt 
livens! by the Bishop of Lincoln to tin 
Olercy of that Piocyjj', at (be Trii-nnial Vi»v 
tatioii in IRl'J,' liond. li*l:i anil IH19, \xt 
republished in the -Pumphleirer,' vol ti^ 
1813. .H. ■ A TourlbroiiKb Italy, exhibitini 
a View of it* Scmery. AQiiijuities, and 
MoutimeQl^, p«rticulurty as they Afe oUoCt 
of Classical luten-ot, with oii account of Ihl 
mewnt stale of ild L^itwa and Town*, ati 
Oeca«ional Obfi^nralinnson the Itccent Sp 
liations of the Frvnch,' 'i voK Ijond. ISU 
4to, Srid Mil. !»nd. 1914 ; Srd i-dit. Pntillt 
'A ria^Hical Tour throngh Italy.' 4 vol 
Loud. It*|.>, ftro; 4lh r<1it. 4 voU. !,o«t: 
]ftI7, 8vo ; filbftdit., with an additional |k 
face and tranBlntion:^ nf tbo quotation)' fmt 
ancivnt and modem anlhon^, 4 vob, l..onil 
1821, 8vo, reprintwj at Paris in !l«7 
vols, ccii, and cciii. nfa •eric* entitlM 'Col 
Itolion* of Ancient and Modem Eiigli 
Authors ;'Hth c-dtt. ;tvoIs. I*nd. Ifi4l. 8v<l 
forminir part of ihc ' Family Library.' 
praiwe has Ihn^h di-AiTi'tllv bpfltowed i 
work, but John Cam llo))hou<ti-, nf^er 
ly^rd Bronjjiiton. in hi* ' 11i»t.?rirnl niimtr 
tionsofthofotirth canto of "Childe Harold," 
ISIS, oHlicises it with i>str*'me KeTrrityl 
calling Eustace ' one of tlie most inacnir 
iin sa I U factory writiTs that have in our ti 
iitlninetl a temporary Tepuialion.' A find 
cntiim of Eujitacc from iUkw cfaarjEea 
pnftcvd in tlM ' London Magfssine,' 18120, 



I 



ESS. Tn h» co-nfligioniite Etixtnoe gavu 
great olfciuv in cniuiM)UfiK'c nf w>me of his 
•eutimwnU). Buliop >1 ilner mainUiiaed tlist 
hia ' Tour ' wM |K:rvA>l'-il hj tn ' iinc&tliolic 
imd Inittudinu'i&ii Bpim,' more dimgeroiu 
tba&'rtH-iibt'Tc&ics. Muiii^iji^or W(M?<]allital«s 
tbnt Liuiiuu) wht'u on bi» ilcftt litwd biUirrlv 
faewiulpil to all hi» fncnd* wlio vtHitMl hiw 
tho emaeoiu find imltf^iuiut tunduncy of 
MTt<nil [■iLi>it«gr'< in ill'.- )itibticHti"[i {L'athf/Uc 
Mat/. lN'l:i,[i. U7j, Kii"t!»ci's jiMJMitd itiitr- 

Iih'Uii-uiarv vuliiuie wit's 'jxuuuii-J liv Sir 
tirJtttnl Colt llonin-, Lmrt., mIki publUlii'd 
*A Clft»ii:al Tour thrtiugli Italy and Sicily^ 
t«idinK to illiihtratv i>nm>T diflrict^ winch 
hav* nnt born dc-wribtnl bv Mr. Ku»t«c>.',' 
and «lil. l.onJ. IKIH, Hvo^ 4. 'A Utler 
Irom I'liris. with l_'ritio«l ObwrvntioiiB and 
livmnrluoiiclif-S(ut»i>f.'x>cii'<y,»iidttit.-Mi>nil 
(.TukKcrerof theFrt-ncb PL-oplc,' Loni IS 14, 
6v». EigLl L-diliuiia wl-im svLd in & «borL 
Ihnr. S. 'Tlw Proofs of CbrisliHnity.'IxMid. 
1814. lt!!Tn". tV A wuree of rlitftoric. Miuiu- 
•wl Ht DowTwidf, 7. An un- 
.' lie j)(M>tn on 'Tho Culture of 
lie Yu-uMiU Mind.' 

(AWii M-!. 22970, f. 278; Biog- Kcl. of 
!,■< ■ ' », |>p. 1 10, < J* ; Jlyroua l'o«tk«l 

V [>. 7S5; Catholie Ung. 1833-3. i. 

SlSD. .tL'ri, Lilliolinin, 1817, t. 2W& ; Ctillom'* 
BiM. l>icl. ; IIiMr^'k l.'UMdrnl Tour, (ircfuca »nil 
d«li«Mtvn: HuxnUUi'ii Viiv if Miloor, pp. 
SS8. 1(1 1 -d ; KiiitiliiB ('ycloMrtitu (liWrtipJiy), 
Mi[.'pl. i'_ .i07 i Luwntln'n Dibl. Siui. I Itohi)). p. 
I(> ' Ctilbulio Itvliijiitn III Coruwall. y. 

ii ■ - ('ouipvadiuni of Iruli llittgr.ipliy, 

p. i;* j T. b. 

ECBTAC'B, KOLAND FlTZ,I/)unroKT- 
LHCTKK (tl, lAi*ii), chancellor Kod Inuunurr 



io r 

All 
tit 

Til. 



"\n:\ 



iht? eldiiM son of Sir tM< 
, liewi of sa imtKirtaot 
iiiily which n<*qiii«;^d l■xM■Il- 
l Kil<lurv and Moaih ui IroUiuil. 
icet with th(^ KarU of Kil(ljkrf< 
and iltif ()t.Tiilduit-ff WCTi) ainung thv chtuf 
and miwt lurfivit ■up|iiirim in JroUnd of tlic 
Yoikirt party, tho head of which waa Uuk« 
Kirhntil. Inllu-riif KilwmnI IV. nydi-wirit th« 
' ' II ^nesin Ireland, 

i;>oinleiJ vicpniy 
ii'iry ^ I. .-ir Kdwnni Kuz- 
■ ■■ di'mity ill Irplnnd in 1461 
■>r Yiirlt, »i^d in the Mime y«ir 
-'ilantitriKoiTfd til'- niJpwiiiiiin.'Qt 
ari-r thi'M-. Sir lUjlwid uinnifd 
r-'lict •}{ Sir John TK>wdidl, luid 
^ III. .1 'iVrHiiH, a OuBcon officer 
in niiliivy aflaira 
nnd Henry IV. A 
thi> paunnUfjn of thf. lllrwed 
n-ctuu by Sir itoluid in thv 




parochial church of St. Audoen, i>u))lin, in 
i-lfio. Fdwft^rtl IV, on his iu-ce»ion to the 
throne in 14tEl, conlinned Sir Itoknd in tbu 
tr«A»urunhip of Ireland, and by pat«nt dated 
at W«atiiiiaaiet 4 March in the i>ami! your 
ereflt«d him Baron of Porlleater in tliwcounty 
of MtMlh. He wttsaliiu appointed tttmporary 
deputy-governor in livlunii fur tJic vio<jroy, 
Ui-ur^', duke of Clarence, and took t.ho Mth 
of •.•Ihcc on 1'2 June liG2. In that year he 
preaided aa lord deputy ata parliamoat b^d 
m Dublin. About thia time PonJeeter wu 
nccuwid of trpflsonnbln daaigns in ooUuaion 
with tho Karl of I>e«niond, Portloelar r^ 
piidiuti^d the chai^a, oHered trial by wager of 
butllp, and waa subwquc&tly cxooeratnl by 
act of parhameDt. Another L-horge of I rooeoD 
mode agninjt him at Dublin in 1470 doca not 
appear to haw bwn pnwouulod, Uiii daughter 
and £obeire«a, AUaon, Iwcaino tht; wifo of 
(Jcrald, cighLh earl of Kildare, ]onl deputy 
of Ireland. 1u 1 472 tho cbfincirlIor*hip wa« 
conferred mi Portle-iter and John Toxton 
i!urin^lht>irliv«^><t. Forilestcr woscmoof the 
chief aiipportrtrs iif the Karl of Kildiirfi in his 
oont*.>st in 147t* with Henry, lord Grey, ia re- 
Irtlion to the otBcc of deputy iii Ireland for 
li>lwacd IV, 'lite QaiB« uf rortlottur »tand« 
next to that of the Karl of K-ddace on the 
roll of thoHC appointed in )47i> an chief mom- 
bi-rs of the fraternity of St. (Jtn>n/w for dc fnnce 
uf ihu Ent;lifib territories in Ireland. [7nder 
the arTaiigwni>)nt)(inad>.' by Edward IV for the 
ndmiiuetmtjon of Iuh atfaini in Irolaml, Port- 
li-Ktrr WM Hupeiwded in the chancellorship, 
but r<'tain<4l in otflcv a* lord tnm*un:-r, and 
the pcjst of chief baron of tbi; oxvboquer waa 
ConltrrM on his aoo, Ulivtir Kustacv, in 148U. 
l'orih>ttl<?r was reputed to havo an^uiFc^d con- 
siderablt* wealth throu(i;b liuf ttinploymtmis 
iinilrrr tho crown. In 14t^B he eatabliab«d at 
kilculk-u, ou tli« bauk of ihu iiilFuy, cu. KU- 
dare, n convent for Ub.-.ervantiu« l-'nuiciiicanti, 
subwijui-utly known m the * New Abbey. 
With the Barl of Kildnn' nnd nthor 1eadt>ra 
of the Anghi-lrijh, Portiflsler in I-IW took 
I»arl in tlin moTProent of the Yorkisis in 
lavimr of I^mbi-rt Simucl. tn 14>* Port- 
loKter ajjain became chancellor of Ireland 
wli<.-n tliat olBc« waa vacated by Sir Thomas 
riuOerald, who took couiuiond of the Iriah 
ftoldiera who fought in the battle at Wl4"ike in 
1484. Thn}U|{h tho intervi-'ntiou of tlie royal 
comiuioaioner. Sir KicUard i->t^-ciinib<% n par- 
don wtm iaaued to Ponleet(>r hr lleiiTT V II, 
under dalv of 2t> May I4H?. Hl< ilieti at an 
advanced age in IIMi, and woi intcrreol in 
the I''nuiri»c«a abbi'y, which tiv had fouudtHl 
at Kilcidlon. The it'uiaiusof a stone mouu- 
luent with recumbent cllltpe* uf Fonlvat«r 
and hia wiCe uv precervad on tho aito of th» 



■■""^ *-• 



cliNiK'I which, ft* ntK>ve> mentioned, be encttA 
in tUA churcli of St. Audo«ti, Dublin. 

[Itolbof FitrltanftUt, Ohftncerf Aod Exflift]n«r, 
IrdAiid; PkUnl KoU, Eoglud, 3 Hen. Vll ; 
Hiec. of VictnjTfl or IreUnd. 18M; Hist, of City 
of Dublin. IH64i Warn DUquisttionM de lli- 
lieriiiii. I0S8; mAnaMtipto ia lifanrj ct Onkoa 
vt BaTgaitdy. BniM«!«; Uarloiaa MS. 1M. firiu 
Maa. ; Coltcoiui CfautoK, Brit. Miu. ; Lmidm 
nail ['>t|wni or Henry VU, «d. Jitmw Omnliivr 

[KuUi doriiv), iti6i.j J. T. a. 

EVANS, ABEL, D.D. (IR70-173-). di- 
vine iiikI i>i:K*t, ton of Abi'l Kvans uf Loniioii, 
pMil . ( Or/. Mat. Ileff.), -k&a b'Jrii in Feliroarjr 
lU7kf. aud (.-ntvrwl Mvrcliuiil Tuylure' School 
in tLe spring nf )ttB6. lli- wii.* i^lrctitl pro- 
balioniuT fellow of St, John's CoUn^e, Ox- 
ford (ltlu2), procAodod rarnUrly lo tbw di*- 
ffrf»s of U.A. (1606). M.A. (1699), Il.D. 
(1705), D.l>. 0""). TtiPftP liighet defms 
veroprobfthly tJik«n in tnrre obedi«ticc to thft 
college statute*. Sucb rvpiitation w Ertuu 
Mh^uirvd WAS due rather to biA poircrs oa a 
satimt than to bi« abilil ieo u a uiviun. Ho 
entered boly order* in I70(), and hi-!d *nc- 
etmve\j ibo incumbBncie<i of Kirtlinrton, 
Smilen, Oxford, imdGnwt. Si wi^'lilun. Hunt- 
iDgdonahiiie. For a nhort timD aIm be «M 
duiplain to bis coU«f{e, bat vrus ejected. Ban 
Ilsamo, hecjiDW!, in n fin«c«b miule publicly 
in the ball of ijt. Jobn\ be refltjcted upon Dr. 
Pelaunf, till! prc.<idcrTit, And mo«t of the mem- 
bers of the aociety, llovever, the DuchcM of 
MarlboroU2)i rspoutcd biic&iuo,and, ' tbou^h 
he wa« a loose, mniiuf geutlQmui. ho vas 
mightily DarDSsed,' uid n?tnstat*>d in IitH of&re. 
Hotliun ri'furuiMl hiMcourvoof lifn.und turned 
upon hii> former frieudx, publithiu^ (1710) n. 
poem etuirkd 'The Apparition; a dialonia 
wtwixl tile Devil uud a Doctor cODcenunjf 
tb« riffbtit of ll)t^ Cbri«ti»in (^htin^h.'in wbicfi 
Tindal and Ktinnctt were niiigblr bandied. 
Dr. T. Smilh(littiirnuVc«rre«pondent)ffpeul(!i 
of tlie i>atire an diimlaying * great Tnt, i^ood 
Mfuva, Hod wonderml honesty,' but it la of 
amall liioniry worth orfrpn«nk1 ini«mst. In 
1713 [^vana pubti&bed a poetioal epistle lo 
JsMb Bobart [n, v.], entitled ' V'ertumnu«,' 
which wnn ntiublisbcd in NicboU's 'Select 
Collect i<m of FoemB,' vnl. v. 

JSriktis was prL-suntedbybiscoUegoia 1725 
to tbij rrv.Uirv ii( C'tHtim, Stinvy, a Ixmpficv 
wbicbbttdboeubeltlbrnaleHHtbanitixbiRbops, 
and died there 18 Oct. 1737. Political pre- 
judip* diWiOrted IlenTneN Mtimate of Evan*'* 
cbarncti.'f, which there is DO teason to sup- 

Eioeie wa<i ^t.h^r than honourable, even before 
le tseased to be a whiR and n low churehnum. 
Hewaa a good prvnchcr ; hi* tlianluiictving 
wrmon prcaobeu at 8i. MaryV, Oxford, in 
1705 was camineiided by Bishop Lloyd. A* 



an epi^trammatist be bod oooEiikrabld nf»~ 
tation^ and was hy no maaoi the least amu 
the nine Oxford wiu wboaa tuunes taa 
senred in the dUttdi — 

Alma Bovein geooii cxIalirM Rli«dreiaa poatus, 
lIubb,Stubb,Culjb,Cnbb,Tnpp,VmiBB.Cafiy, 
Ticliall, ETans. 

lie wa« permiDaUr act^uaintud with tbe lewl- 
itt^ liU'rary men of lits (ime,atid ootraBpooded 
vnth Pope, who nve bim a place beaida 
Younij aud Swiil tn the second book of the 
•Dunciad:'— 

To a«M bia papen, Curil, was next ib^ care; 
lib papeiw, u^t. fly direriHi, tovt in air ; 
Hn«c», aooneta, opisraniH, the wiods nplift. 
^Vod vfaiak '«Di bai£ to EraoA, Yming, and $wtft. 

Hia b<!«t known epigram, the ori^nality of 
wbiob haa boen quMtioiwd, is I bat on vau- 
bnigb: — 

lae hnvy on htm. Earth, for he 
Laid many a heavy load on thee. 

[Cbaltnen'i Bi<^. Diet. xiii. 40; Kobiiisoa**^ 
B^.eif HenshautTaylon'SebooI: Popti'i Worita 
(li^lwin and Courthope). it. 137, '^ES, x. IIHU8 
(whi-refiveiif Enuw'n l*L(«n»rB|{iven);Ilainw'« 
Oolleotioud (Oxford. 1886), 1. 33, ii. 332. &&. 
n. 4W.J C. J. B. 

EVANS, ARISE (&.lG07),Eiiiiatte. [See 

EvA.Sii, Uiivit or Itice.] 

EVANS, ARTHIR BENOSI (1781-J 
1854), miacelhtneous writer, waa bom at' 
O>mptoti-Ueaucbam p. Berkshire, on 2S Mareh 
l'fi\. Ht8fBther,ihcRcv.I^wi«ETan*^i.v.1, 
vtcur of Froxtield ,\V ilt8hire,waa a well- know a 
natroitomer, and held for many years the pn.>- 
fmorship of mathcmitticaat the Royal Mili>] 
tary Academy, Woolwich, lie marri<.'d -Vnii, ' 
pldi'st dnughler of ThomoA Xorman. The 
fiecond sou, Arthur, rvct-'Ivvd Iuh education at 
the college school, Glouceater, of wbicb hts \ 
uucle osu namcaake was iKod-mastL-r, and 
here iio waa Ittmwn a« 'The B(ild .\rthiir,'j 
from hifl remarkable personal courage. Hn j 
wrtit into rcsidi^nce nt 8t- John's Oollegw, | 
OxfonJ, W Oct. 1800. and prococdwl B.A., 
21 Feb, I80»,M.A. lUM. andRD. and DJJ. 
1828. In addition to bis knowledge of thAi 
classical languages, be became well rcrsed io] 
Ilcbrew, French, Italian, Spanish, German,, 
and Ict'landic. lie bad an uj;oeUent car for i 
music, and \vk* » purformer on serern! invLnt- I 
ments. Aa an artist he sketched in pencilj 
crayon, and sepia, and hi« catllu pieces were 
of eminent merit, H'' Atudi^ g<!olt>ST and 
botany, aud liis kuowlixJKe of Grrak. KoiBan,^ 
and English coin«,of wli ioh he bud a large D(j- 
lixrtion.waa considerable. Uewaaordainedl 
the curacy of lIaTipuTy,Glouce«t«r,inAi 




1801, and ai\jet recnvinc prii-El's orders in 
!wpU;mber IBOS, wua in iVii' fnUitwinLf uxnith 
Appointed pnfouor of claMtca uid hirtory in 
lliB Kojal MilituT OoIItfgv, then iKlvlyiMtn- 
bliidiM] lit CtKnt Mar1<iw, Ruckin^liun.ihiTVi, 
mod hv t^mov^ with tlie collie to Sandbtmt 
niOctnbiTlKJ2. I:. ')iisapuoiiitni«i)t 

in 182:!, he west :> nt-ar iJuriihaiu, 

crv he pn-pnred jn, ['ir- i^r the univcrsitifs, 
liyrretl tliccHmpyoniumliani until \f^29, 
BU lie acceptW ll>e Lt^nil-uiti^U'r^ttp ol' tlw 
Am gmamar bcImoI at Market Boaworth, 
i'SicMl^niure. Whilva-sidcut ut lliul pluui' 
hpbeldsBcces&iv^lvtlii^ciirarie-Horitoswonti, 
rarltoa,tuicl Cadt'lly bclwwn IS2l> ajid 1S41. 
lleneTeriiori»iil fr<im bin cJrric«l profea»nn 
^_nontlinn lOO/.aycAr. Asaechoauiuuttprlie 
IwoincntlTHUcceMrul. Ileditd&t Miirket 
rortli 6 Not. l^'A. In Ju^>^ ISIi) he 
iiiani«d Anne, third daugblvr of Cuiitain 
TboBiu PklnaRon, U.K., of BromhlcDiirv, 
BMT Woolwich, by whom h« had nix chu- 
dran. She died lU May lt*t>3, in her cinety- 
Mcond year. 

Kvaiu waA tbe author of the following 
wurkit: 1, 'SynopAcs for the u£c> uf the Stu- 
d«Hl*iii tbtiltijyiiiMilitiiry Acjiilfray.' 2.' The 
Cait«r,iti five I-ecturesonthe Art EndPnio- 
tic« of CoUinf; prii^nd*. AcquiunUncM, luid 
Ration!),' 1Sl)8. 3, 'Kim^iipiana, nr the 
<>pjiii'in§ and Table-tallt of tu« laUj ilarnnby 
Futi.".. r>,i .' i(>09. 4. 'Thu Cy\Ttx<- find 
•-•I I . IHIO. 6. 'Plain iSermons ob 

lb' '■ '.itie« of the I'oor as Parents, 

Ilir I !Wive«,'182i. fl.*Prt8uniNa- 

lirin i.ina upon Wisdcui, Power, and 

Kichvs,' Iti^il . 7. ' Sermons on iJie Cbrist iun 
Lafc and Characl«r,' 183:^. 8. 'KflVctual 
JleaoB of Promoting and Propagating the 
<j.jsix-i; 18:m;. ». •TIib PhyUctiTy," a poL-ia, 
1836. 1(1. '('aliunuii Scriutuniin, or ( imivn 
fp.rwriii(iirGr«ik.' 183.'. 11, 'Thel-'ifthof 
fiovrdilxT,' a wrmrni, 1^38, 12. 'Thw Vil- 
lagv rhnn-.h,' a nootn, 1rll3. 18. ' Kducalion 
and Parental hKumple, in imitation of tbe 
Xr\"ttj 4Dttn.> of Jwvcnal,' a pMin, I84S. 

14. ' '' ^ — V Service and not t lie Ser- 

Di' . ijfPublic Worship,' 1843. 

Ui. , ;...,..,(. T«t of llK'lrui- MinisiiT 

of the Church of Knginml.' l(S. ' Uivinc l)e- 
nuiK-tatiDQB aguoBt l>rinkiiig, or Uio Word 
of Und tnnre puw«rful ihon Pledge-takiug.' 
17. ' Ixieuatershtro Words, Iliiasea, and Pro- 
Turb*,' IH4]^. Ki-printvd hy l.hv IviigliKh l>iji* 
lart Siicifty, lf^^l. 1ft. 'Persnnul Pi/'ty, or 
lAida to J^vattt Pmycr for Individuule of 
[*)l t-hi<^' IH.1I If), • Prltniri':. Wri*f){, or 
Urt ' ' ' li'itidon Hoard,' 

iJ-.' Ill b.ivo romo 

Ciiiiiiiii::ii]v !":l^!^■ [Ur [juIiIil-. John Lvati:>, 
m 1 fJ'J, t» [■niidunt of tbe Society of An- 



tiquarica,and has bevn n wntoronooina, and 
9ituni.>, hroiue, and Hint Impltui^ut^. Setn»- 
linn Kvans, bom I. SKI, i^ a dcsigTitT for gla« 
worli; and a pod ; he edited tho ' Hinaiugham 
r(aK-tt«>' 18li~-70, and ftince I8i^l haa b««o 
the editor of 'TIii; People,' a coDfienmthre 
Stinduy journal. AS'KE Ktxxs, Iioto lft20, 
died li*70, wrote poumH and musit;, which in 
1>^H} were i^lilnl juid pubti*li«rd With a m©' 
morial preface hy Aiiue Thackuray Ititrhie, 

[Qeat. Ha^. January 18AA. pp. 100-2; M«a 
of iii«Timu(l887). p. aflC] O. C. B. 

EVANS, RRSJAMIX ( 1740-1821 ).<-oii- 
gr>->;rnl>oimi ministtT, wuh bom at Ffynon- 
Addn, Meline, Pembrokefchinr, 2.*S Frb. 1740. 
In hitt warly davfi, while he was miniKIer at 
mnuwcbllvii, M(Ti'.iiiiitbKhiri.'(wherphe was 
urdoinod IvttOl, bo mot with a good dv-al of 
pcr^.{:iit ion mid wiu compelled to spplv to lh« 
King's bcneh for a mandfatans b«fort) \o was 
allowed to conduct tbe services in pentx'. Jit] 
reniovi!dinl777toUnvorfordwc3t,ftndtboneo 
to Ltreweii in Cardigau-ihin.', 2-1 Juno 1779, 
whi-m bo wfti) much boluvod, and rviuainad \ 
till his deftth, 2 .Murch 1821. Hlaanstduty ^ 
boM was to undo tlie work ofhin pn^ecwwor, 
who Wtt« in i>yinpnthy with tbe Aminian 
moremeul, then !i>d 1>>* the Htjv. David l.loyd 
ofLlwynrbvdowen. uvana showed greet tact 
utid ^rrnditnlly and Hticcesefnlly led back the 
coHfrrt^tion to tlifl prv^Tailin^ Calviniifm of 
tbw day, Tbfl baptliii controversy which h\>- 
gon alwut 17tW wft.i oritpnutcd by the grwit 
BClivity of a few baptists in the neighbour- 
boo fl, who distributed lar)?enunibera of tracta 
among membora of the congnigation. This 
compelled the minister to act on Ihti dir- 
fi'-iisive. Th« hist-oriun of nonconformity in 
Walea »aj» tbnt pri'lably nathiu|^ ubk'r was 
ever written on both aidai of ihi.'. ({umtion 
of biipli&m than the lettore of Evans on the 
one aide ajid thiWf.iif I>r. Willidin Uichnrdsof 
Lynn on ihu other. Acnording to tht> sama 
authority Kvuni^'ii nunicps lobiscountr>'uten 
were very great, both through the pulpit 
and Ihw ^rv^* {E^tityn Anntibynifl, iv. 174). 
Hi.<« pubU^lied worlts an (all in Welsh) : 
I. Tmiialationof asermon on the tfnupowder 
i'Xplnnion (It Choatcr, by Dr. J. JeiOcins, 1772. 
y.'l>etti.-rHunIlupti«in, 1788: Mcotid edition, 
u4th Addition.^ iti rt^plr lo l>r. Kichard^, 178U. 
•). ' SuliV'riiig» uf tht> Hlack Men in Jamaica, 
&c.,' I7t>9. 4. 'Th« WnilinRxof the Ulack 
Men in the 8ngar TiiUnda' (.1 and 4 were 
publi*bod anonymously), o. A poem on bap- 
tUni in rcplr In ihn Har. ncniamin Francu, 
17M. 0. iWsIntion of the 'Kev. Matthtaii 
Mr\urie«'* 'S-xial ICcligion,' 17'J7, 7. Two 
cat<.vhi«uii> {!) 'On iht' frn-at PrInciidMor 
lU>li{^u,' (2J ' On the LSiucipIcs of Non- 



.^2£] 



Evans 



S6 



Evans 



cmtfomuty.* 8. Four RermooH on [incticul 

RltgtOO. 

I Jon(«'i>0*inBdur BywgnlTj^ol ; Suwbiiitii'a 
BibliD^plij.] A. J. J. 

EVANS, BROOKE (1-9--1969). well 
known a» n nickel rvllner, was bom in Ittill 
StTMt, Biniiiii(,'hiini, in 1797. his falbc-r U-ing 
K woollendniiwr. On lv4Tui|f wLool ut iLe 
ftge of fifteen bo wa« npprenlioMl to a ^n* 
mokor, ua<l midv liiit lirel uc^juiiioliiuw with 
mrlallurgT. insltTmofaiipw-ntifeshiijhfiving 
expired, EvBiu) et&ni-dt'ur ibe L' ailed Sutw, 
Aaa antored iDtoj)arlni-r!ihi[iwit}i a gunmaittt 
in Kcw York. He wu oiil}- partially euceeas- 
ful in thiit lrodtf.iLnd bcfurr.' 1qii|; bpubiindcniiM) 
tt,and went off pnM|)iectin|; in Ci>nlnil Ame- 
rica. Her« Ii9 bocamp an inrli^ planter, and ', 
kt8buMlio«6MpKpity^i-c<lilyAdvAnc(><lhijslo 
tbepwitioaof an indigo merchant. IlaTing 
m&deeomG inoncy ho returned l:o Bnglftn£ 
lu ihu Oulf of Slirxiou tlie captaiuof ibvfhip 
■ud MTOTttl of tho crew werw aeizod with 
yellow fviLT. Evuni) louk command of thi- 
«biii, KtuI iiHvi^pitfd li«r Ktici-riutfully lo tbn 
British Tsles, Hp aflt>rwarda purdiased a 
smell buitini'sf in tht- class nnd U>ad tivds a-t 
StTOl ford-on- A von, wliwo hn livixl six T*'nrs 
wiili Lis tietcr. Tbi« adventuic become a 
Terr aocecMnil one, so thiit he mtci) from 
C,060/.to0/X)0/. Cbarles Askia, a vetcriniirr 
surKeon, wait a frit-nd of Kvodb. lie had rc- 
uovixl n> Warsaw, wiiere M>me of KTana'a 
fauiily bad ironworkH. Aiiliin there bought 
fiotnu Hpoons of a while uo:aI calk-d 'aryit'U- 
tan' by the maker, lli? npcidiMjIally Jisl-o- 
vt.-njdtLnltli<;mntnl<;ontaiiii?dnirk>_'l. Afikin'it 
brutiutr oS'ertilbiin th«i tnu'of alaUiratory in 
ihti ^worka at LeAmingloii, of wliich ho 
waalliemaougiT. Tbero, in co-operation with 
EYonn, he cndenvouTifl to n-fmn nirlitil from 
vpeiss (an impute mixture of colmlt, nickel, 
and iithi-r nii't«b>), \ri\ after the prepnrntion 
of cobalt bine for paiunni^ niitHTy. They 
were aiiccet^ftil, and Askin joined the linn 
of Menr k Son, roanufuiMuivrs of Ot-rmnn 
■ilvtr. Askin remaintrd a partner iiiil.il he 

Eilinrd l.tHXW. by Iho venturt, and with this 
u joiiictl Evans. In l>i3!} ihry built work* 
in Birmingham, where theysuceeinfiillypro- 
(luCL-d refined nickul irom uickt'l-i^ueia, tbvn 
ailru); in tin- inurWt. Thnili-inJinil fnr Kvanw 
&. Asktu'a ri'iined nickel and German Eilver 
ioCTeMed ao ni|iidiythat tbe sjieiss pruduce<l 
bjthe cobalt blue maTinfacliin-re wa.1 qnit« 
ioau/Gcient for their requirements. Evane 
ncolvad to deplore Kiiivipc for the ort-f of 
nickel. ]Ie beard of its exi«teucc at the 
nines of Dobscban in IluuKary, viaitm] the 
place, and bought all tho ore for which \iv 
could aflord to pay. The ore contained half 



as much cobalt us lurhel. As nobalt 
delrimeotal to the Uermnn silfer, 
A^kin could not bv hit mni}r- of 
h-parato ihvo! melata. tliey hod to 
with a new aet of dillicullies. Esperimflat 
■vcTP mads by .Vidiin aii<l 31r. Beiutoa, tb4 
falbfruf thn (iivHenl archbishop of Canter 
bury. The demand for oickol was nu-anwhiU 
Rtmidily inrreoeiiif^. Evana & A>kin ut hut^l 
by "liiuiy piTta:venuQC>^, diacovered a prows* , 
by which they obtained refined uiekel in l&tj 
quant it tef. To mi'^t I he df:uiiiul A.tktn viitilr 
some iiickid mineii near Gt-isdal in Norway iii^ 
IW", where be died ■luldenly on "J-'j An^, lit* 
was brought hurno and hurirt] at Ed(;biutou. 
Since tliHt lime the demand for niohel was 
steadily met by Erana, who died in 1 f^2, and 
waBburivdnearhiapartnerinEdgbaAtou. Tb* 
firm of KTaas & AJkin continues. 

[Snatoijiun Daily ^niU 1 1 Doc. 1 873 ; apa- 
CM infonnatioD from frivada.] K ll-t. 

EVANS, CALEB (lS31-18d6). gwlt.. 
born on 'J5 July 1H3L, was educated uiidc 
IVofeaaor Key at Llniveraity College S 
The dvath of bis fathvr oonpellcd hmi to hiai 
aehoot at nn early ooe, ana in l^vtU he be 
work in a >!nIicitorH oflica, In )K{j2 Ev 
wn* npiKwntfd a clerk in the eliamery tia) 
oftice.iv poat which he hehl until ISS-', whi 
his hfalib enforced his reliwuient. Hw noit 
marri'il; hia riHidencf; was at lIam|)ATead| 
wterv he lived with his brother and »islen. 

Evanw commenced Ihc uludyof gioloprl 
attending leclures delivervd in ISV) by I' 
fesaor Owen and Dr. Milvillc. In lf?o8 
bc^n u> collect focsilit from the Ictliarv 
formations of the south nf Kuglaud, anC 
formed duriuff the nest twentv-five yea 
very complule sela illustraiin^ tW tttrnta 
llie London district. He iHtM inwAtijtated 
the etralaol'the Isle of Wight, Lyme U 
WfivmnHtli, Swanagi', and I'ort smoiilb. 

In 1^)7 Ev'ana took part in funnding tl 
Oeologista' AMrOciation of T^iidun, of whir l] 
bttwas for many year»oncof the moat actiil 
membcn, and in 1^7 lie waaeleeted a foUoi 
of the Geological SociotT. 

EvaD£ waa fortunate in heioj; able to tal 
adrantn^ of the operations m connectiod 
with the main druinuge worki) in the auutt 
of I.oiiilnn, which oJliirdod opportnnitkM fo 
collecting foRsils never likely to r^-cur. 
secured euitett of eiweiiueiw "f ftwnil itbi.dla i 
(TTtfat iiiter^-.it and nirily. EranR aliui Aii 
excellent work io studying tb« chalk. Ha 
mndo large collections of its fojuils. mid hii 

iinper'On some Sections of Chal! 
'roydon and Uxted,' read to the < < 
AMociatiou iu January I '^70, marl 
Eugliah attempt to divide thia -i 



:,vans 



57 



i,vans 



^ 



I 



thick uuM or pure white liDte«loa« into wvi^ 
nil Kone«, uid lo com-iat^- tlicM- >nn«K willi 
thotfc vrliich hftd alrt-sdy been wlaUiabed Ify 
cvmLmenUl ^iK)1<)f;tst(i. 

Aiti)getli«r EvBiiH wu» tlu- uuthor of eler^D 
pi|)nre on gi?*il«);i<!ii1 :iubj«K;l*, «iglir of whicli 
kpfH-nnxl in tlio • rroc«edin^ ' of tlic (Jiwlo- 
piets' jVwociatioi). of whlcb, ii] Ktlditiuu to 
iho [wper oil ih^ i-hnlk mRDUotiMl above, vte 
nuy Apocially name that on ibe ' Oi-olo^- 
of the DKi^cblMarhood of Purlwiionlh anil 
Itvtlc ' Kt fixing HYiAtnicf. of iletaili^ sad care- 
fij work. Ur otb*r work wr may niriittfiii 
M iJ(«Ccli of the geology <>f Fnringilon in thf 
*UMilo^it' fur Augii^ lHl!ri,aud ' Mill Hill 
ID fnrtntir A(if*,' writTen for th<'-'MilI HiIL 
Mafpuiut.-.' iluny of Evuui's pajK-rs Mere abo 
liaUisJied iiL'paralelT. 

'Ivane coaslnictt;d sevtinl vxcvUcnt gw>- 
ica) nKvlrU or rrlii^f niji[M, liiS merhod 
to i)a£l« layer upon layer of cartridge 
paper no aalo secure Ibeiif-iviwariri'li'X'otioni*, 
*ad then to colour the. whole occurding tu 
iht.' oulcmp of ibe rocks. His modplc of lb«« 
Tallcy of liic TliMincs n«;ftr I x)rdon, of a pari: 
c4'tlw «amo on a lar^T .-iciilt?, ntid ow of^tlie 
whole of KlijRlaud, art- dow m tbt- pi)«.«'-»4ioii 
of )tT. J]. J. LiritiT r>f Mldou Itoad, llaiup- 
atMuJ; a fiii" map or iiuxlel of Ibe coiintrr 
roubd TTiutin^s is in ibo pownesiuii of (be 
coqiontion of that town ; bo also oun- 
stnicied a tn'idi?! of the neijrhbourhocMi of 
Sidmootb. Kvan»V cxi^tittivi.^ collix-tiunK of 
foMiht wtrm purcliBJuJ by Mr, lCrn«at Weet- 
lahe of Funluigbridgv. Evana died 10 Sept. 
1886. 

PnfoTtnatlon from r«biliv»: Geobffival Msr. 
ICan-h 1887 ; Qnait. Joanu 0«>l0|iic<t Society, 
Pr«iid«Dt'a AddrvM, IW7.1 W. J. II. 

EVANy. THAHLliS SMAHT (ITTtv. 
l&lt*), VMUiUft and com|)0#cr, was n chorister 
under l>r. Ayrton, and m !W*f n ^•ullemui 
uf Lbe Ob&jH-l Iloyal. His name appears 
ani' ii;n.>r<) in lliv L-hvrus of ihu 

* .\ of ITHti, and hi- took part 

«iiii t'n>iiiTii Hii'i «)lbi<n< in Ibc tnufic pcr- 
fonu»'il at \Virl»T'* fiincrKl in 18"2(1. Fnur of 
KvanaV part-^wn^it irninMl pria^fl from I be 
Uln' ancl I'nlrli I 'luli«, iintnely: ' lfc?fliili('s, 

have you witii a ttiv.'" 1>*11 ; 'Fill nil tbc 
fflaM««.' ISli; 'Ode lo ihf M..-m..rv of 
Satniirl \Vebl»>,' If^lT: and <Or>.-Al Kdcc-liiu.' 
ll*'2l. 8iibK4|Ut'ntly \ic livei\mf a nitholJo 
■nJ n i:i. ii^l-r of tb« cboir of the cHH[Hd of 
til < *e t-niluihST. Krojis wruti> a 

*.M . .md H>itii! inotvltn, conliiini^l in 

bnolut iv. and t. of Xovllo's * Cnlli-ciion of 
Mnl>-lta.' !{■• wa;i kImj tli>- r»ni]Kj«tT of many 
MBpk fl<- dm) 1 Jnli. lK|!l. 

(Oiltinr's IMcU u( Ka|ih>h Utholki^ ii. ISS; 




tiruve, i. 498; M-t9it!:iI iC.tulkcCtutu of iliv Ltut, 
iUlfCfUtnry, i. 130: l'^yl'«>U'>ut'e of ibe Aikm«dl 
Cfloctns ; Quarterly IttuBical Magazine A&d Re- 
Ti«w, riii. 127.] I. M. M. 

EVANS, CHRrPT.MAS(l766-1838), am 
of tJtii (fn-Ht WVUli prvnv.bi'rt, vria born on 
Christmas day 17fiti, at o placemlled Yefta- 
w«ii, ill tlin parish oS Ll»iiilyssiil, Caidigan- 
ahirK [fi» father, tNuniiel i'.vnnn, was* poor 
shoetoaker, who, dying wtit'n bin ean wna 
only nini- y^ars oldi, left him in a state of 
compli-te ih'Atitulion. Tbb nt>xt »ix years 
OhmLmiLs >ipt>nt with bin iiiolbor's luicle at 
I.IanYihiingi':|-ar-.\rth in Carmorthensbiro, 
' tlian wboni,* bo my*, ' it would W dtlGvulL to 
find a more unconBcionnblonianin tliewhole 
couiK'of a wicki-d world.' So hv k-ft biui lo 
become a farm u'-rvant at mrton* plnrrit, and 
ulltmsUily came under tbe intluenra of David 
T>a%-im of Caal<.'Ubywi'l, n well-known hard 
audKhoolmB»ter,andlbniiiini^L'-rofii(.'ongn>- 
KalioQorpresbyteriansfasI nlipptn^ iulo uni- 
tarianiflm at Llwynrhydowon. Evans joint.'d 
Llwyni^ydowim Cbiifn.-], was taught a little 
by Uaritia in his Mrlmol, learnt bow to read 
Welsb, andaci|iiir\'d snuiu knowlul^ of t'ne- 
li«h ; berainn rflijrioiw, and iH-^jiiti tti prnicb.. 
Rut as the strin mles of the pri!fibvlerian« 
rwjuired nn acadpmical fdiiMlion fur tbi-ir 
intgitNlera, he gradually (rraviratfd townrds 
the baptiata, who bad noeuch limitation)!,and 
in 17HS was baptived in lli>:- riri-r Ituar at 
I.lauybythcr in CarwanbciisliiH'.and joinod 
tbt> baptiat con^'n'^iil lun at .\)H!rduar. Utrforo 
this lie bad seriously injuri'd an vye in an 
afTrav "i which In- Aii*:% not wt-m ! i> have bevn 
to bliini*'. He was now a re^nilar pruacbor, 
and in 17H9 wiw onlaini-d ns a »"irt of iniii- 
niounry to the M-itlliTrd liapt'iittii of l.!i!yn,th9 
iwniti.-'iila of Carnurvoii.shin'. Hire he mar- 
rit'd Catherine Jones, a ra«"niher«if liiscnnjfn^ 
f^tiim. They had no family. AVhite therB ho 
waa ' converted ' during a prewchinij; joiii-ney. 
and now bt^gan to preach with ii power nnA 
vanu'StncAi of conviction that »<jon madw biin 
fiiraotis. In I7iK! he removed to Anglesey to 
act ne minister to all the bnpti^t cburcboK in 
tb.' ii>lBnd. TIr Hvisl ut l.biiif^'"vni, wltere lb<^ 
moHt important chapel was itiliiaCed. Ucrv 
he worked with Rfat iiiicr>"«, but ii curiouft 
WBTc of S«DdiTRinniani«m ftunad over .AjutId- 
*•*▼ and gre«tlv inflii«oceid ripitl Ciilvinint* 
lil<e I-^vans. ' 'rite Sandmanian hcrfsy af- 
llictt-d mo Mr much ui- lo drive away th« «|nrit 
of iirayer fur the *aIvuliou of sinners.' Aflor 
a line hei«gnine(lhisorthudo.\y, andbeeamii 
tlia ountiw of a gmaL bapliat [miii-ment in 
AxgUat^> Though for many yeara bis salary 
ym ooly 17/, a year, he rule<l over tin.' Anirle- 
B^y baptists with a rod of iron; huilt new 
elupeu, and made at lesot two long anit 



Evans 



5« 



Evans 



kboriouB protKliitiKJotirDflyB ovury yvea oU 
ovvr Wal«>< to collect money to [Nty off tbe 
ch»iwli]*?htfl,wliich often weiftliedvory heavily 
upon liiiD. Tli«-)H; coniitMiit wuidvringvnpntail 
hij luw^ oT(n- nil WnUi). Orowda ftoeked tn 
hear bU eennuna, His bumour Mnaotime* 
thww a ooogregAtion into rturs of Inuglitor, 
often cbanged in a momenl b^ his ^ittltoa 
iuto teftrs, iui(l liLij BtArtliu){ ))ow(t of d«cla- 
nmlioii i>xcrci«o<) extniordinnrr inHucnco on 
all who heard him, whom liin brelliroiicalled 
tlio 'Bunytm of Wnlca.' Ho romaint'd in 
Angk'Svv wore than thirty yea«. In ISJ3 
iiU wifi? (lied, and ho suffered o mod deal from 
iU-huuUh. Iliii w'juudod eyeuwnj's ^vc him 
trou1il<>, and •cim'^tinieft lie Wm llm-ii(<-nr-il 
Willi bUndneHs. At laat tLe bgptist cbiircties 
of .Vngl»'«(y thn-w off thn yoke whic)i 
EvansB ^Temmeut had imposed on ihi^in. 
Theydrair«dnntursUTtobecomein(Ii>|H?iid«nt 
churches, And h\» pniiitionMa Honorbaplin 
bishop tlius became unteoable. He biittrjy 
Tesentcd their choosini^ ministers without 
refi>»ac« to him. A luwtiuil about a diup<.d 
debt added to hU ililhculiit^s, and be glaJly 
acccptwl in lS2il the mini^tn' of tho chapel 
of uii<.T]>hil]y in Ghuiior^nKiiin'. Uvtv 1ii< 
preac^iea yexj sncceaafully for two ypnra, and 
made tu« womd marriatjo witb his hou«>- 
liMpcr, Mary Kvani<. liul diffiriillif-s with 
Iiii) tlock again aro^ and caiuod him to re- 
move to Cardid' in Stplicmbcr I rv^ti ; but tLi) 
oonstitntioD of that church W8» &o demo- 
cratic that with his autocratic uays he had 
friAb trouhleit with lh<; eoagregatiint, and in 
Ibii'J made hia final change to l.'arruirvou. 
ThudiHHeaaioua orih'.- thirly church mi'mbviv, 
the drunkenneaa of Home, and I bit [irt^mire of 
a debt of 800/. left him little pesc«. While 
on bivging journey to South Waloehewss 
auddomr taken il1,ani1 died on 10 JulylRIlH 
at Swaiuea, where on iiS July he wna buried 
with ffnrat hnnour in tht> bumlffTwiind of 
the WeliJi baplii^t c.bnp*?l. HIb aennons were 
published in Welsh (last ediciou, Wrexham, 
I88i*)), and aorrTal of Ihem haro bti-n tran»- 
laled, bc»id«H the copious upecimcoa of tbem 

S'ven in English by most 4^ his biogropbers. 
aim wrot9 some bymoB and tracts in 
Welsh, and aiaiitcd in tjraivtiating into that 
laDguagc an expoeJlion of tbc>icw Teela- 
tnent. 

(Mmioini of the late ChriKmas ETTin*. by 
Danil Tthy» Slnpl>rii, 18<7 ; Chrivttnn* KTftn^ 
a jkjmuuir, by D. Itl. Eiatw, 1^6%; A Vofttin 
on Cbritunas Evuta. bv R. Morrl*. 1S70: 
Cvfiant ncu banes bywjj j diwtdtlar llarcti. 
Cbrittmas Evans, by W. Mar^nn uf lloljhml, 
1M3, nInoB vilh which ars issned th« current 
•ditiouof CruRs's Hro9»than,I>aaicginna^ Ani- 
tbiau : OwsQ Jonw's Great Preadtets of Walea, 



I»e4. pp. 1&&-3U : Ht. I'axtcn Hood's ChriM 
ma* Kvans, 18SI. is rcrj fdll. bat i» r*ib<i 
vTAoiii^ wbpro kno<rI<")g« <^ thiag» nnd pL 
fpociflcallj Wslsh is detirnble.} T. T. T. 

EVAffS, COKXELU S {Jt. Ifl48). ioj- 
pOBtor, a native of >Iar3eiih», was the off- 
spring uf a Welshman and a n oman of I'ru- 
vence. A ocKain rocemblanc« which hi^ boru 
to the I'rincv of Wal«4 iaducml him to oont 
to England in IfMH, and paas binuclf off na 
the priuce. Taking up hia quarters at an inr' 
at Sandwich, he gave out that be bad tie ' 
from France* b«cnuci> thv quvcn his mot' 
ermtcmphilix) poiwiiiini; him. llit* msToroE 
thf? town paid hin homu^ to him, wltile otx 
«i the aVWrmen lodifml him at hiKunti bmui? 
and ln-at«d him in cvprv resyii^l R.i the heir 
apparent. Evans received these atlenlion 
with condosccnsion, and obtainM a nnmbct 
of jireseot* from the well-to-<l<i i-e-^pleof th^ 
county. His rei/fii, however, hod an 
uitlvdL'udiii);. A c.-rtaiu courti'/r, whc 
iiue«uiand I*rince Charles seul overcij 
came to Sandwich and denounced Evatu u] 
nn impootnr. Kvanv, fnr from nhowiiig ao] 
diiironifiture, coolly ordered the mayor tot 
thecourtier intocustwly. Meanwbileanart] 
of royalists cnmo to seiw Brana, who ihii by 1 
backdoor. Hewas,howevefi60on captur 
conduclwdto Canterbury, and th«nr»«riily>(w 
dou, wbeiw he was committed to Newgatt: 
fie quicklycontrivt^ to make bis escape, aftf^ 
which nothing mure waj heard of him. 

[Acbar^l'ii Hiclniru dea IIomniM tlluitrai d| 
In Frovcsec, i. 26S; Chaoivn aud Vi'UudIcH^> 
Noareau Ifictioanaira Historiqne, it. 600.1 

a. O. 

EVANS, I1\.\IEL (1774 1K1.1). 
pendent ntinialt-r at MynyOdbach, OUmor 
eanshiro, w-as born at, Mainuala, Eglwjsi 
l*cm brukvuhiri.*, l(f Jan. UTi. A.* u youti 
he was fond of frequenting praycr-mfivtiB 
in privat« hutu;i-s. At an caily nav hu ' 
mniit church luiTinWr, and aoon unei 
began preaching with gi^'at entbuaacnS 
house til hoiiHe. Iff thuit traim-d bimMtt 
the fuiiirs work, and lurame ver%- succeafcrn, 
as a mis«ionary. His fimt. H'ttlMm»nl wai 
at Llsnwrtyd, BrfcknocVshirc, ajt co-paste 
witb the liev. Isaac I'rice.from 17lH(lo I7l1 
lie went in 1709 to Banjior, where his 
grcgation had but twcnty-ftn- members, wh^ 
were not able to give bim lOl. a year. Uj 
oftra wondtircd what could have Imnirln 1i 
lo Nu poor a pUo-, but thankpcl (> 
hada litth- privaiemFuin^. He it;. i 

ownconKn-nnlion and •"Ijiblif.ln-d ■"■vranoi 
ones in thr immediate neiphlionrliiiod, ^'ii>ra 
of ibem 5e!f-8iippnrtiiiK. In 180.4he rvinovi<c 
to .Uynyddbach, where ho was agam Vcrysu 



I 



CMttful. Ihiring six ninntlis, in I&^S-O, hu 
•d'1^1 n>i ffwer ttiao tt50 to ibe tovmb^mliiu 
of !k-8. lie died At MvBjddbscu 

Jim uiitilnlied works arc- (nil AVelrih): 
L'OT]ili<:8<LlvftUonnrCliildn!it.'i?. 'lieuoDH 
for Di**fnt,' 3. ■ Memoir of Her. l>ewu 
1W«' ifailu-r of I>r. Abrakatn Koos, ihu on- 
cydupibdiai). 4. 'MtrtDuirofUcv. J. IhLvies, 
AUln-en.' 6. 'Memoir of \it!\: W. EvftHs, 
CwmlliniieU.* 0. •Mtinoirof lift. J.D&Tii*, 
LUnmloM.* 7. A II vmn-lwok. 8. 'TIi.? 
Ootdm extern.' 9. ' Hit' Bujkel (CswoU) 
of Tjnl»«v»!n«l Brv*d.' 10. "Ti-n Svmiuiui' 
(pcwthumoiw). 

[J. T. JonM'd Ofiriadur Djrwirra ffyd^lol, i. 246- 

ata.] R. J. J. 

£VA&'S, Dv\XlEL (1793-1846), Welali 
pool,<:ninm(in1v ciillr^] Dtxir.r. lie oOeredi- 
Qto5, tlisl ia }ilAck Diiiiiel of C^rdi^rao&liire, 
wu bom in 17t)'.' ut Mat-s y Mynii(;L in Xhn 
■Mnth of LliLn\ Ibivti2')l-j-»trail in thnt poiinly. 
Uis Catli«r, DayiJ I^vaua, was a well-to-do 
tanacr, ao<l lie vrim like nwond of thnx* sons. 
Uti WW vclticiil^sl ni Lain[)ttCvr gmnaur 
Acbool under Klit/cr WiUiiuns, nnu Buba^ 
<]Dt>ntly wt-tit tu JiwuM Coll ugt*. Oxford, wberu 
in 1K14 bt> (imc^ied*^ B..V. wilb ■ lliirtl rliuu 
JO d)u«jcs ( Hiiuuur* Itrffifter of Orford, p. 
ISB). Ittf wan i.'t«;I('d to a r<'Ilow»hip in liis 
finlU^e, took bolv ori!cr«,iin(i prowled M.A, 
Ittli, Mid B.lV. JK:;1. TbouHb retoiaing 
bit bllan-shi|>. hr:* ru4i(!<-il nio«tly iu \\'«lc», 
vlieiv be won prizes a1 Kiiileddfodiiu, and bi;- 
csia» famoii* ua u port. Ilia di^yrderly ajid 
imvulur iifo uofc bcni^'bt io a Irngical und 
br bu iijicide O" IW Mitrcb 1&40. He wmi 
bnrifd in llic cburchyard of Fencam^ in 
■rtfavnfliin', tlu-ptuinii nbencobts fainily 
eouM*, nnd wliure tnaiiy of bla relstir<'« 
bun«d. 
innifl l*u'« f!r*t pubtiKhini WcNb piii-rownn 
A abon iwiupbk'l of Lhchiv l>Hff>'^f prtnti^d 
in 1«-''J m AVTV'twilli, anti calM ' Oolw(f 
ar (fjrtwr vr Imldi-won.' Hn n>(it iieiwt! 
in l(*iH ' t'erdii firwrsidd ar y gaiijif,* in 
frtrod Arclido«con Kprnona ' Ccrddi 
' . lr.-f«'rpiuaf.' InlttSIhie 
r'tmbtiahMlBtLlafidoTen 
**>Mii)lun TDardil; tviyrya- 
'*ith ar amrywiol (lf»tniiau h im-almnnl 
II.' A fit-ond ivlition wsapubUidiedal 
LAiDprdT in 1^7 1'. wilji conaidvnble nddi- 
.■..ii.ft, 1 fmm unpiihlishM 
J utiaSectcd stylo 
! iliUof Daniel Dii'« 
popidariiv in 
county. The 
■voM m. til* eollecLion an- of 





[WiUiitma'a Biofiapbteal DtetJoiiary of Kmi- 
nect WeJKlimen. p. 14B; G. Joae*'* Knvogioa 
Sir Aberteifi, p. S9 ; Brit. Ho*. Cat. ; I'ooot's 
Alaroni Oxon.] T. P, T. 

E\'ANP,I)AyrnMl)mKlt(!8l9-lS74), 
finiiTiciut joumulist, ibe &on of Josbun Lloyd 
Eran8 of I.lauiilloi.'*, Monl^miTydliin.', waa 
bom in it*l!>. lltj formed uu L«rly counoc- 
tion with journalism, and )>ecam« Hwi^tant 
city corrciipondcnt on the 'Times,* o po»t 
wlijch be occuptwl W'veral ywitv, and k-(l to 
asjnmc tbe direction of tbf money anii>Ii>« in 
x\v! ' Moriiiu^ IlcTuld ' and ' Standard.' He 
left tho ' Standard' at the ijnd of ]ft72, and 
Ju thu followiugMurrhstartMla paparcallod 
tbe 'Hour,' on wlucb \i» f<pent uij entire 
aujana, being adjudiRnl^xl a bankrupt 10 1X)C. 
1k73. Hie bralth broke down under tira 
strain nf hiK financiAl difficulties, and he died 
on I be morning of 1 Jan. 1674, aged &1. Uo 
woji biirii?d in Abnoy Pork ccinetciT, Stam- 
ford Hill, thv funorul k'lng uttoudwl by a 
targe number of brother jouroaliAts among 
wboui b<i won popular. In addition to hia 
regubir work Evaim wait connvi^l^id with 
SDvenl otliiir commercial and financial ncrio* 
diciibt, among lltt<m b^'iiigthc ' Itaukcrs Mo- 
gaitine,* to which he wax one of the priri<ripnl 
contrihntors, the' Bullioniet.'andttiu '^tock 
Kxchaage Ossette.' He Al<toooni:)uct):id tho 
literary utd etatistical departmenlti of tho 
'Itankcnt' Almanac and Dtnry.' He published 
sevenii b<>ok!t, all bearing on ororiiMngout of 
city airiLiTH, chief Buiong which went: I. 'lliw 
CVimmon-ittl Crifiiis ItU'-B.' 3. ' History 
of the ('iwrnitTi^inl L'tiwit, IfiR?-^, and tlio 
Slock Exchange Tsnir, IWil).' 3. ■ Fiict»f 
FuilurrM, nnd Kreiuls: lCovvlatioDS,l''iDaO(;ial, 
Mt)i-au)lili-, iiniK'riininal,' ]8ij9. 4. 'Specu- 
lative Notei' and Noi.i>b on Spenulation Id««l 
and Kh,u1.' iHSi, 6. 'City M«n nnd City 
Maimers.' He waA tnairied, and left i&suo. 

(Ura of the Tiuo. 8ch «d. (n 3<d; Time*, 
3 Jaa. 1871 ; Standard, B JaiL m\; Brit. Uiu. 
Lib. Cht.] A. V. 

EVANS. EDWAUU {Jt. IHlfi), divine, 
son of a clergyman, was bom al Weet Meon, 
lluuipahiro, in 1673, nnd cducai«d at Win- 
cliester, whence lie matriculnled at. New 
College. Oxford, 10 Oct. loOS, and took tba 
twodngrer^inarl*, B..\.:*7 Nov. IWkS M.A. 
21 Jan. IWJ. He had been admitt^ fellow 
of bis colh-K<.' in Iu9-*i, but resignml in ItX^L 
Ou 23 1>K!. UlOl bti was ineiirnlcd by the 
college to the vicarage of Heckfield, El amp- 
shire, which be resigned in January ItJOt-2. 
Two ycar^ later ibo college prMentttd him 
to tbe vicarage of (.'beitletton, Oxfonlchiro, 
15 Nov. ]iJ04.wlii!r» be remained until 16II>. 
Kvaus, who was ' a notodprMcbarofbid tioD 



■*• -••-'■ 



:vans 



60 



Evans 



in tlu> uniTt^nitv.'publislifd ' Vi-rbuDivrum; 
or, tbe Uajt-Ji l{«!|><irl of UihI's glory. , . . 
Foiire Scnntms [on Ps. xix. '2y 4io, Oxford, 
loir). Ill ihttt yi^ftrW (li>rai not iipptfar tn 
bAVf> been beneficed. 

Wdud hus WTgagly ucrilK-d the mathonlitp 
of Lhuse wnnonn In another Kdwud Evutui, 
who tnuf bora luid vducalvd st Lloarwst, 
Ilenb)|^hsb)r«,c&i4yrfd Oliri»tC1iurch,0][ford, 
in IfiOS vh«n need iH, and gT»diut«d B.A. 
15 Feb. 1W3, 3I.A. iy Marcb IflOB. 

(llniiiiMript tioiM by t'. BltM in a M)|>y of 
Verbft Dienm IB th« Britio^ Ktiwnm; Vtwd's 
AthMMB OuHL (Btim). ii. JG«i Wood's FtwU 
OxoD. (Blin), t. 3»», S17.1 O. U. 

EVAKa,Kl>\VAm>(l71C-179e),Wfl]sh 
poet, wut A ' hard Aoconlinn to tbv ril«« iiimI 
ceromoiiiee of the harda of Britain,' and bifi 
pedigree is traced in otH* unbmken lini to 
tlie ancient I>ruids (JoSKti, Hi.ft. f/ Half, 
jip.'224-e). Hewas pMtorm tbaOld .Meet- 
ing noui<^, Abcrdarv, from ]772 to l7iKi, nud 
ia said to hure'drvol^ bU time faiitifullT 
to bifl rcli^ioiin dntiet, to (bt* satiiifiictioi) of 
■ laigi' niunbur of pi-ople, who attended trota 
the C13UI1U7 from 11 dintanoo of many wilim.' 
He publtalwd: 1. A Welek InmBlatitm of H. 
Bounie'a'OateriiiBm,'I757. S. ' i^o^^V at Ec- 
eleaiaslAs doin* into Wnw bv !''■ K. and Ia-wih 
llopkia,' Bristol, 1707. 3."' Xa Addn-wi de- 
livered biforo lh<' Association of .Ministers at 
Bref Wen, uear Newcastli.' ICmlTiiiwilh two 
Hymn*/ 1776. llis potiicul workti wcr<? col- 
lected and edited bv hix noii. JWoit Kvaiia 
{1778-liSIJ»), lat e^itJou, Mrrlbyr, IWfW; 
l*nd, Mtrtliyr, 1810: 3rd, Merlhvf, 1«I7; 
4lb, Aberdare,lK76. 11- .liwl :;i June 1798, 
liiu day DO wbieb ho bad amuigml 10 muul 
the utlivr barde of the i7hair of ulanorgtui. 

[Church KtMinln of iho Mpntinit IIoiul', .^lier- 
dnrv i June*'* Gairiiidiir l)y wk'i^l'jd^ivl, i. -HO ; 
Yi Ym«Iyoyd.i, Hot. [>, HH.) IL J, J. 

EVANS, ICDWAKM (1789- IS3RJ, prim- 
seller, was boFD in 178t>. and wa« for some 
time II cotnpoHitor in tbn jirintioff-ollice of 
Mt<i*Jirs. Nictinbt tV Son, then of Ited Lion 
Pa«M(;e, Fleet Street, by whom lie wan ad- 
vanced to tlio po« of r^'jidiT. Havinjrsav'-'l 
nouey In- opvued a print »bop, and f^dtiatly 
aoRumulacedancstensiveftlock. Heiskno'«-n 
furhi«*C%t«loguvof u 0.-1 t<.-ciio[i ef Engraved 
Porlmitii, ComprLMUg nearly :A),0(X) Portmita 
of Pereona cotuiectad wilb iLIh Cniiniry,' 
n. d., Sro, publi^hM nt (Ircal. Qoettn -Stri^-I, 
Ijncrdn?' Hin Fif-id.', wUere he died 'Ji Nov. 
I »<*.>, ogi,>d 10. Hix widow, .\nne E. Evsni", 
andiviii, ICdward IMviil, bmtigbl out a second 
volume in ltf53 at No. -1I.K( ^truiid, whither 
the busine«* was rfmi'vwt in thnt year. The 
two volumes profcM to describe about fiAy 



thouMod priau, and form K noet nsefitl 

guide to Kuglisb engraved portrait*. 

J4ia i>ld*-(>! eon, Eunuitn David Kvtss 
(18I8-1UI1()), meittinneil alxive, carried on 
the dbop in the Strand until hli death Uum 
un \h Aug. liHtKJ, ai(ed 4'2. He was BUe- 
c««ded by nia brother and panoar, Albert. 

[Gest. liag. Dcoembar 1»A. mw wt. ir. H 
October IS80. 3nl Mr. tx. 434.) U. R. 1!. 

EVAMS, EVAN (173!-178f>). WebilT 
poetaiidantiquur>',aouMf Jenl(inKrnn«, was 
bora at Cynhawdref, in the paricth of IJvdmd, 
CanliffKiiAliire, on 'M May 17^1. lie r 
ceivedhiseilucAitonat ibe>.'raniinarat'booli 
Yrtrnd Mewng, under the wholiir and puv 
Edward Uiclmrd. Thence hr removed 
OxI'ord, and wiia eiilere<l at Mvrt'in L'uIK 
in 1761. He convej-cd a ftinull fruJiold 
CaTdigaiubLretolii8y'JU]iKt:rbniiberforlOOf.^1 
in or&r to support bim-Hetf m tbf iin.i,r-ir i-.| 
After kaviug Oxford with'iut lakii 
he official*^ ax euntlr ae Ni-wiek, ~- ■■ <t.| 

Towm, Merinnetluhire, at l.lanberix nnd ' 
IJanllechid, Cnnnirtonshire, and at Llan^-airij 
Talhftiarn.lk^nbif^bHhiri'. From nn early 1 
he cultivated poetry, and he wa£ soon itotie 
by l>ewiH Munis tbf ant iijuary. IIedtlj|^iit) 
applied himfvtf to the i^ludy of WcImIi litti 
rutiire, and employed hu lei»iire tiin« 
tratiHCribing ancient Welslt mnnusmpta, 
whicbpurpooebL- villi In! uioiitof the iHtrur 
in WaiBS. At one time he receivetl -lae 
annuitit-* from Hir A^'nlkin Wilbami< W'vni 
and l»r, Warren, when biiliop of St. Dnvid'a 
to eiinble bim to proeecute thwe resenrth* 
Hi.* Hmt publipaiion vm entitU-d 'S>ii 
^^pecimeiuofthePoetryof iheADlteut\\ 
liiirdK, Iranslated mto l!^n|[lidb ; wit 
imtory notes on the hiMorieal pan 
u short account of men and pixel's uhiiI 
by the Bards ; in order to give the 
tome idea of the tastes and teiitimonta 
our Ancfifltora, and tbeir manner of writui, 
London, 17*M, 4to, n'prlnted at Unnidli 
[1802], 8vo. Thi.t worKifnintnl foritKaulln 
a higb t«pntatii)n a» an antiquary and a critic 
and fitmiHlMd (irny wtlb mailer for •omc <~ 
biA most beautiful puelry. In it in it 
u Latin treatise by Evaiia,'I>e Itardifll 
sertntio; in qua nunnulln i)iiu.' nd turuE 
tii^uiiatem ei munut n-i-piciunt, ei ad pr 
eipuoa qui in Cambria Ilortierunt, b^^vtt« 
diaciitkunlnr.' lleneM [lubltrthi'd nn Fii^KiJ 

iHiem, uitv; of estntine r»riiy, mtttlrrl -Th 
MTO of our Country, a poem, with historical 
tiot"% nddre>i«'d to 8ir Walkin W 
Wynn. . . . Bv a Curate fnmi - 
Carmartbeu, l?7i, 8vo. He ale" 
varioiiapiicm* in Wtl«h, which ftt» 
in tbs ' Dyddaawcb Tuoluoidd.' la 



bvans 



6t 



I vans 



I 




fiuMuibM two TuluniM of WVlsli s'.'rni'in*. 
tnu»lalcd fpHta tin- worki' nf Tillui-MHi imJ 
atUor ICntfli*]) (liviiteo. Itt one notice of tiim 
it B fii«iMl that liBvinjr fOfiHod n (fi'eat pnn 
of liii llfi- in lti« (Miltivalivn of Wnkli Utera- 
ture. ' wilJif>m bt-ing able to procuro the 

»I!e«t promoiion in th« chuirii, iii» firti- 

\f- dfJKTti-il Mm, and, lo chiuw AwaT bb 
itionfi, be fell into a babit of drinKinp, 
that n( tiiw^pindured nvrnplnnm uf f1"rnii«>- 
mi-nt.' Tho fact iluit fii> ciiltivaU'd WeUb 
lilrfrntiire is, bowever, of ileelf sulTii-ient I'l 
lurcouDt for bis non-prcfrrmcnt, ii8 th" Wi>lfth 
MvlnrMof cliat pcnixl wer^fonhomn*) part 
KnRliHlimen wbo vrn^ ifpiaranl of Ibc lan- 
gaHgv uf tbocwuuirj-. Paul Pinion, esq., of 
PIWicTn in AnKlcJU^y, allowed liiu towards 
tbi9cloE«of bia lifmuj aiuiuityof 20/., uncoii- 
dition tbat all KvimkV innnuM-ripl* ikhould at 
1it« df«th become lii^ prvipi'rty; and in coaee- 
quenc^ llie wboV colWtioo, ammml.in^ to a 
oundiyd volum**^, wim di'pn.aitf^l in iha FUs- 
^vvD liltrnn', wben* il xtill ivmains, Kvanx 
vnk full and uthli-lic, and of n dark cnni- 
sloiion. Kroni bi* betgbt be obioiued tb(> 
innUc A[iiKll*tion of f'rydydd ITir, or lln- 
* tall poet. n« died ux Cy ribuwdrcf. tlie placv 
ofbtH I'irlh, in Aiipist 17HU, and wn* buried 
in I.Ii'dn'wl ehuivhynrd. TIif* Middcnni;^ of 
bu dvAfli fs».\r riHK In ttntindv fnlM reporttt 
that he died by his own b&nil, or of stnnru- 
tion on a mnunlain. 

The Rer. Panipl Silran Evans, B-R. puln 
Uabed a collection of Evan Evons's miiwl- 
lueou* writine^ imdcir the rille of ' Owaitb 
jf riin-Ii-'dii,' I'.van Kvans (lenan Brydydd 
III '..tr jran 11. Silvnn Eriin*, IM>,, 

(Vi- iiruTaiTvdig gan H. Humpbreya. 

]57tj,' «\". Tbi.* roltime contiiiiw numerouit 
I in Wrlsb, the EHglish poem on 'TUc 
of our Cuuntry,' farly-»ix of Kran»'« 
r». rormllv in Knfflish, ' A Short View of 
Stall) ol* nntniu,' n-jirintud from tlio 
•Orabrian QunrtiTlv Maenjim-,' vol. i., and 
VI EngU.4h tniulation of Ev&ns*a Latin in- 
trmlurlmo lo his intvndnl piiblicJition of the 
WcUb Prriverb*. 

[Iiifonn»ti(in fnin the Rer. Danid f^ilvsc 
F,r«ti»,Tt It . '^ " " -it.rindUioiprapliy.p.lOl : 
Mrvrii'L ■I.'"- :>.136; r]«iDt.Mn];.lTiii. 

jn !■ 'i-i -^ jli'iK.Skvtch uf Etnini'iit 

]:] WilliaiBN** Ki»iin»nt Wohh- 

iri I , .d>'i UfffyddinrthyOymtT, 

pp. 4tK, «:;. lUit, !>lh a.. £35. .137, 672: Cat. of 
PrintnlBoubB iii Itril. Mu«.. NicbnU'a lllattr. of 
Lie T. 100; Nichoia'a Lit. AnwiL ii. 428.1 

T. C. 

"KVANS, EVAN (1804-lR8fJ).eemTany 

'■■-r in \Viil.--< til Kvi?(9 VKfrU NjiyTTOLO, 

«!tt I r, ^ftjt bom at GallillTTidy, 

[J ;Lrdig&nslura,8 March 1801. 




lli!(v»Hmfnc>>dpreacbin^wilbtbeCa1vinUtio 
invthiKlI^ljt in l^J'r; Ik-cuidl- a total alistaini-r 
in 1880, aud inct with iiuicb penificution for 
his advotacyof temporancfl pnnciplwi, which 
wt-rw ni'w in thoi- diivf. In I84j be joined 
the ind(t]i<>ndenta, anrl cnniiniiM a popular 
minieter among tb«m through life. Id 18W 
hf was indiiciNl to omifrrate to Amt^Hca, 
wbithar a duuffbter and seyeral brollt'.'ni and 
tii^t^ri* bad gnn« before bim, taking up bivniii* 
dene at Onkbill, Ohio. In 188L1ieco)lecle(l 
a «niall Webb cbureh in Arkamus, tbe flmt 
in Ibc atato, and coDtinui_-d in cbu^ of it 
until Lis di>atb oa 'J9 Oct. li>m. Uis wife 
difid in Jajmary of tb<' name vear. 

Hie lilomrr worka are : • Ithodd Mara i'w 
PblenI vn ; ' be iiditrd the montblv magaKinn 
cftlWOvfaillPIpnivn;' 'yCyfamcKlOweith- 
ri^lrwdd/ kc, 'JiiJ edit*, lf^-2; H'ofiant 
Parch. 1>. Stwphoniion, HryntoAwr:' 'Ffordd 
Daw vn yCywegraVMor;' '.\thrawiaKh a 
Dyle-fswydd.' beinp livo volumes of iwnnotis, 
I^ mill l5fl6; III? tranftluiwi ■ I>aioni u 
Tbosler iJuw,' hv John Owen, V.V., 1H43; 
'Oorff Dnwinyddta<;tli,' by Dr. Brown of 
Ilnddinglon, 184«') ; ' Cynvdd y Cri*tinn/ by 
Or. (ioodwir, IA47: 'Cwliad a Chwvmn 
PRby<ldiii-^tb,'hyDr.i'l.-miiijf,l.tl3;-Crefydd 
(iyindcithflwl.' bv >rallbiiy* Maiiric*>, 18112; 
he also puWiKbwf ' Ystufell W^ddi, neu All- 
wedd Ddinfi-l v Ni^f-iMd,' h7 llrook.*, trann- 
IfltedbyRev. U'. WiUiams.'TalgBrih, IS45. 

[Cyfuil! yrAelwvd. Mawh 1887; teller from 
onu of tba tana.] B. J. J. 

EVANS, Sir FREDERICK JOIDf 

OWEN (l8Ifi~l8A5), hydrompher, »on of 
John Ethus, master It.X., was born ou.9March 
1815. \}f> enl^rrtl tbo nary a« a s«cond-claH 
volunteer in 1 1^28, After serving in ihoRoeo 
and ibo W inchest ^r he wax trannjernKl in li^9 
to tbo Tbundcr. Captain Richard Owen, and 
fipunt tbn« years in surveying tho cuoeU of 
(!en(ral Ao)Qrica,the DomwaraKivor.nnd tbe 
Bahama banks. Evans EUbeuquontly aervi^l 
in lbi> 3f«dit«rran6an on hoard Iht- CnMonia 
( dagship), Asia, Rapid, Rolla, Dido, and \\'ol- 
ven-np, puwinp tlinmab '-f"' diiTerpnt ranks of 
tltn 'master's line, tlie ollicers lh<'n charg(>d 
wilhtbediili«>flof navigation. InlMl Evans 
wn» appointeii mjwtpr of thi? l-'ly, and for tho 
next tive years be w.ia employed in survey- 
ing the Coral Sen, the great barrier rwf of 
Aiu^tralia, and Tomw Straits. Ihx-tc Jukes, 
tlm geolfigial, waa on board the Flv, and 
wTDio an account of the expe<litton. I^hortly 
aftwr biH ri^turn In Kn^land Kvans marri«o, 
nn Iii Nov. 1^46, Elizabeth Mary, i^ldoat 
daughter of Gaplniu Charles Hall. R.N., of 
Plymouth. 
After a short spell of duty in tbe Isle of 



vvans 



6t 



Evans 



Man, Evuiia n!tuni<s^l, in IB47, in the Ache- 
ron, lo ?Jew ZeaUtul, wlti-ru hv vtm eogiged 
far four vpara in Hun't-'ying tlm MlddwBDd 
giouth IfllAndfl. Diiriag toci Ruuun wat be 
Kfved in the BmIIic, n<v<-iv'tri(; llw ipecul 
tluLiiliA of Sir CharlM Niipi^r for liis sfaftre in 
pilotiiut the fleet ibrouelt tlie AUnd IsV«. 

By iTiis time Kvuns li»d Womc known hj 
[lis Kciuntific qualifi cat ions, and in l^^^& he 
Wft9opi>oitited Mipiftriiiiuudcntof thecotnpiMM 
department of the nary. Hu bad at onoc to 
consider a ditiicult problt^in, the iu« of the 
cotnpaM in iron abiw and armour-clads. It 
was necesBarv to duul with the disnirbiu^: 
HvnipntK nrUini; from tht> iron and the mnf'- 
ii<!ti#ationortlK> ebi[i?. £viiii8,inco-op«nitiuu 
Avitb Ardiilmld Hinilli, F.H.S., aC)C<lm[tliillu^d 
the M.<k sat lAfartorily. He coatrihulcd sovcq 
poriera, all dealiiia with tlw iiiagtict.iNn of 
Bhips, to tlm ' PhiinAnphiriil Tranitactionf) ' uf 
thf Hoyol Society, of which lie wii» t-lKtwl 
a fellow in 1662. 

In li<&8 Kvan»pn>pareda'Ohftrtof Corves 
of I->)U*] Magnetic Inclination,' which wu 
published by the odiuinilty. Lu 1800 bo 
wrote avaliuiblH ' K«|H)rt onCompaAtiUei'ia- 
tions in the Ttoyal 'Savy:' thiB trombi-d of tho 
magnetic charoclvr of thn ran»u> 'mti\ ahipa 
iu Uj>' nn\-y, and also of ibe Great Eaatem 
■teusship. His must importiLiit work wu 
tba ' Admirnlty Mfimial for DeviationB of iho 
CompOM,* of which .Smith and hinuwlf it'ers 
joint editors (1st ed. l^i^, 2nd «d. 1863, 3rd 
od. 1600). A simple account of the suae 
subject was iMued by Kvnnri In 1(^70 u» an 
' ElHtmentarv Manual for I>Qvialions of the 
CompaM.' Theaehftvebecomoitandardtoxt- 
books, having bMblruulatod and adopt4xt by 
all the nuat DUritime nations. 

At a. later dateBvans deTOlcd much at- 
tention to tenrstrial magnetism. He com- 
pibd th^- magtietica) instructions for the ob- 
eervers on board the Challen^r lu 1S72, 
and dtfliverpil a iMTturu on tbo ' MaguHtiiim 
of the Kanh ' to the Royal Oeugmphicol 
Society in 187S. Eviina wa« mads n HtiiflV 
eonunnnder in ISSA, fttaJT-cantain in 1 867, and 
full captain in 167^. In 1605 he wax ap- 
nointed cbief naral auisUnt to the thi>n 
Lydngrapbev lo tbo admirally, Captain 0. JI. 
ItiefaanlK, whom he suocipcded in 1874. Qc 
vaa made C.B. tn 1^73, and K.O.K. in Igtjl. 
]{» was vice-president of tbo Itoval Gc-ogn- 
nhical Society horn 1B70 lo 188], and ptm- 
dflntofthoffvoffraphioBliMtctioiiof th« llntish 
AJnociation io i676. In 1^1 b« coniributt-d 
ft psper to tbo latter bi>dy on 'f)onftiiic or 
Manlirait Discovery from 18.<il to IWl.' 

Aftitr rcsigning^ the post of hydrouriiphor 
in lpi!S4. l^riins woo appinnt^l one of the 
Britifch duli-gatw to Ibe IntematiuiQal Con- 



ference liebl at W II IH^,to1iv 

piime meridian ai. < day. Uc d 

ut bia Teaidtitce, 'Jl i-)tiMarjiil*UcH,i*aiubri( 
SijUJUe, I^udon, -JO D<h-. l&i^\ 

[SnlHTK, 14 Jud- IH^i; ProModioga 
GMffmphirnl Sociotr, Fotmiarr 18BS: Timi 
aZD«ft ISM,] W. J. U. 

EVANS, OEOKGE, D.D. (I630?-ir0i3 

antiqaary,fellowof JesiiHOolIece.f-'ambnda 
bficiime vicar of Xi^w Windsor, and was ii. 
stalled canonijfWiiid&orSOJuly ItKX). H 

rirocccded D.D. at Cambrid»< iu ltiti5 ; w 
iovnM^ 10 St. i^L-UL-t i-lnk. L/^nduu, 10 May 
Ititilt: and was »lao rector of Mitrbaui, llutdc- 
inKbanubire. l{i« son, GeorguKvons, fellow 
of Jfjum i\tl\i^-, Canilmiljifr, Bucc«wd^ bi 
at Bcnet Kink in 1603. He was n frii^n 
and ponvspoudent of Eliae Asbmnle, oni 
mode colh'ctions relaiine lo tho hisioir oL 
St. Gooriie's Chapel, ^\'ii»ilBor, printed in Aab- 
molc's ' Berkshire,' 1710. He died ilU 3Jarcfa 

1701-a. 

[Cooper'a )Umoritd> of Cambridj^e, i. 377; 
Ttfthe sod t)a\u. Annals vt Wiudwr, ii. 81 , 63 : 
AiikiDote'B Berkshire, 1719; KsvMqrt's Ilcper- 
t«ritun,i.9Ifl.] W. W, 

EVANS, Sir GEORGE DE 

(1787-1870), ifeneral, son of George Evi 
airmail laiid(-iiT]ronriHor,wa»bomalMoig 
i7(^. llismotneramaidenQainewa^DelaoT. 
lie joimMl tbe army in India as a volunteer ui 
1606, and received hi« llr«l cootini^on aa 
onsif^ tb4->re in Iho Sjind regiment on 1 Keb. 
1807, Ho ftni Mw MTvics in that year 
ogainiil .'Vmir Khitii and thn I'inibiriit. lutbo 
followinp year hi! served iindt^rMnjor-^reneral 
tbo Hon. Jolin Ab>:rcrumhy in the c^iiLure 
tbe Mniiritiuit, und aavH'iurJiwtliiifaction th 
ho wu promoted lieutenant on I Dn-. 180 
i>irjr)lm Mah-olm took a fancy to him an 
asked bim lo ifo to Pftmia with bis miaMO 
Kvana rpfuHr-it, as be preferred active aervi' 
and on 2*1 Man:h 18W vxchoDffMl into tb 
3rd dra{fQons,tben employed in toe Peniiisulii 
He joined hi-* now regiment before Burijosi 
l>*l5, in lime to h"lp lo cowr the di»astrm. 
retreat from that citv, and accompanied it 
\iif rolli>wi»{r May m tfa'j Duke of Wellin 
loii'sfulvuncr-froni Fr-'nft'lii. H^waswonndi 
at tbu sliirmieb on the Hormasa, which 
cftlcjd t.lif ^irftt baltli! (if ViLTnna, but 
nevenhcletu present at the faArrln, and aft 
wards was employed in a Bl4i^ capacity I 
Sir Geoiy.' Murray to «k«l(:h tho jdomm 
tho Pyrenees. He was present eituer wt' 
his n.-tnmont or in a slaifeiuptoynieiit at l1 
sicgvof Pampeluna, tbo bat i Ic of I In; Pmm 
tht' iiivi^tmcnt orUaTOiiiix,aiid tb«l'mttli3 
Toulouse, and at cac& of the two latter 



nr 

I 




I800J 



I 



I lit; liiul » Iior:!<9 thoC iiiidnr liim. At 
[iiiti>>n iif xhfi war in France he vtb^ 
I to I lio corps scut iindnr tlie cotn>iiiin<l 
oTOtnenl Ro** from WVllinRtnii'? urmy t« 
tin? camsi of ihu L'iiU«d Sutes, u deputy 
i]UAr1«>jriuit5t«r-s>.-Denil.Bti<]dL»Unguish«0nim- 
self f^nUy. Hu luxJ t wo Lureoa Idited nnder 
1^ «t tb^hatlt«of Bladenabarg; a^iz^dtlif 
Con — ' ir-'tise If Wttshinjton with only 
l« ■'. ligiit tiifuitry; was praswot 

■I ;;.- ^;:...i; no B«ltiiBori>, and Anally wu 
tvire ftcrert'Iy woimdud in tbi- u]x*ratioti« 
befoTtt New Oriwiiu in I)ei?t>mbcT 1"I4 and 
January Idlo. It)> rt'dirned to Ktir^iK.<Ju«t 
in tiiii" t" itIn Wellinfflnii'iiiimiTiii H>'lgmni, 
:iw atl ached to the sLafl' at Pic- 



as deputy qiiart^rtnfl'rtfr-gpnir* 
't the 



ft 



ait I 

ni. H'- was onfmpjd at ihc ImhIw of Qualre 
Una and nl Waterloo, wLew Iw* liaJ two 
bonKakilledundiThim.andbe isAaidtohikvo 
bera I h« •■(afl'oftkvr w tio f]*BPV the word for tlo 
or. ".: iifceTalry to charge. Forhis 

p. rficws h«- n-a^ promoted cu|>lniii 

tiitij I !).' ••< !i \Vr*l India n't,'iment on lU Jan. 
1816, tor thftiw in Amnrica major by brcvi-l 
«n 11 May ISl-J, and fur Wnlwriooliful/'iiant- 
colon'^l hy brtTft on IS Jiine lf>l.'i, thus get- 

thne Bicpe in rank in ux mouih«. Ut^ 
«! on tW *uff of 1 hn army of fxrupa- 

aotil il« withdrawal in Itilt), and then 
bving 'inly a Bubstaalivfi cu{)tdiii be went on 
b»lf-pay. 

For orinn- T'-ora Kraoi remained in rclire- 
nu4it, lait in 1^1 bu cama forward m an 
ftdTanL-cd radical n'fomier and was elected 
M.l'. for Rye. lie lost that scat and also 
Wwtminst«r, for whirh Iicxtood iiil.lieaaniA 
iutrml in lK;t:J, hut in May ln3Jt lia triutn- 
phunlty dpfi«led Sir John Cam Ilobliouw, 
»■[)■"* Iind ii(-op[»t<''l tlif ChiltiTn HiinilrfMl* in 
' ' '- ano(i])orlunily 




onl 



ft 



01 - iinhin (?<Midiifl, 

mnd \y I i"- i'>r »* i-slminHlor. lli> 

vra9 !><! ..'I'd in bin parliiimentary 

diilii-*, <vii< [1 :.i May 1S35 G'.-ni^ral Alavn, 
the Spanish auiUniMdor in London, obtained 
th* leavi' of lh<' kiuf and of Lord Mflboump'fl 
minii^ry to mi.^- a forcu of t«n thoiiMind 
in«n in Kn^ilnml f'>r the urtrvice of th« qutyn 
r^fcrnt ttt Hmin, CbriMina, iun>inHt I'uu 
Carlo*, lleoff'-tvil thcoonimi»ndoft!ii.*l'orci', 
which WBA Icnawn m* Lh>i llritiBb Legion, to 
KvvQf, whom hi> had known in Spiiiii wli<-n 
iffi tho Maff of tbr? Jluti' of \\ i'Hinptdn. 
Thon^b thw mrnlrot;-*'!;; wan formally piven 
(MilllJunn ! .idL'W04 (bn:)wn 

in fh*" w^y ' I ;. by I be military 

an' . ui.l «l»ciallyby the 

|>, '. bci haij fixpr^asM hiA 

opcu'l I 111.' n-hrJe «;!««)(», Whun 

Evaiu ' nnd of tho legion at Ban 




S«-baittiiti in Auiltint lB3/i,hv found tbereaolt 
of this disapprobation in the uitir7 uufitnoan 
"if many of t tin men for Btrvico, and he declared 
nt a latftr wrio.1 ihnr 2,*)0 of the 9,(50O 
men whom ne hud under his oonuoand wan 
so crippled by di«ea8t> and intumity tlut thar 
never appeered in the field. Thu Spanbb 
irovinTunont utterly n»glect«d the letfion, and 
Evans rendered gro*t »crrteM in Spain at 
the bend of n corp« which was at uu tim4> 
adranatoly equipped with eitlicr miinilir>n» 
or the aec«cmries of lift-. In Noretnbpr lA.'V^ 
be rai»ed tbe oiege of Bilbun; iu January 
1838 be co-opf^nitvd in Eepartero's aitJM>lc on 
Arlabon ; on /> May I^Hl hi:> niiwd the aief;|:t^ 
uf Son Sebodttan, sfit^r a Rfmo bnule. in 
' which hi- IiiHt ninsty-aerea officetv and fivd 
hundred men out of his force of tiro thoii- 
wind ; on 31 May and 6 and 9 Juuo be r^ 

{iul»i>d tb^ Rereo attoelta of the Carltxt-t on 
lia poiilion ; in ijt^tviQber bu wna driven 
baolt frnm Fuontarabia, and on 1 (Vt. ho 
untirtly dvfviil^nl an itttncU of the CarliRta, 
after n Iwelre hoara' battln, in which he was 
LimM.'lf wounded. Tfaecompoign oflR37 w(i« 
no lesa brilliant. It fipt-nod with a severe 
I defeat nl Ilemani on 16 Mnrrh IKt" ; but in 
I ihri month of -May, in conjunction with iho 
' army under EspartiTfi, lift moro than corn- 
I pennated for this reveree, for on tho 14th h« 
I took Ilpmani, on thf ITth h^ stormed irun, 
I and oQ the 18th captured l-W-ntorabJa. Tn 
! Jnnf. 1837 thr twoyearsfor whicli tlm Vgion 
I bad b<H-n recruitvd expired, and the remnant. 
of the call&ut army wa« lmiH(;ht back to 
England at thu expense nf the Britislifforcm- 
meut. Tht! legion had htiun nyst em all cully 
Btarvad and nt-glocted by the Spanish govera- 
' ment,and yet Evans waa able to boost iu bis 
' piocit iu parliament tlmt. 'no priBouert had 
■ btvn taken frura tho lejpon in nctton, norany 
[larl of itn artill'T)* nr i^oip(i{|ro cnptunid by 
' the Carliata; that thn lefi^on, however, had 
I taken twenty-«wren pieces of artillery from 
th« enemy and made eleven hundred nn« 
Bonem, whom lives wore epored.' This tast 
I Tcmftrk refisra to tbo Cict tiat al! the fortv- 
I teT«Q soldiers of th« h>gioa who fell into tdn 
' bands of tha Oarliata had bnrn put to death 
by th'^m in L-old blw^d. E^-ana'a services werw 
recopnUed bv hi* own nountrr by bis b<<iii(f 
promoted colonel on 10 June tSJl", and bcinff 
i madr a K.(!.Il. in the followinc A iif[ust. Thi) 
queen re^nt nfHpain awnrd<-d him the gr«iu3 
proMm of the oroers of St, Ferdiitoud and of 
Chail.^AllI. 

I In It*) I Evans'a porliameulary cawer waa 
' temporarily checked by th« tory renclion 
j of tliat year, when b'a was defeated for 
< Weftlutiuater by Admiral iltnu, bat in 1^-tS 
' be n^gainod bitsnt and ma promoted major- ] 



Evans 



Evans 



freueml on 9 Nor. in Lhml year. II« was 
Tt^Xectf^ in lSfi2. In 1851 hy wu» pro- 
moUid lieuteuuit-irenvrul, wnd wu wiected 
for tlic cnmniand of the 2nd diviaion of tli« 
amy aeat to the East, At tlio battle of 
ilia Alma hitt diruion wiut nn llie right of 
ths Enfflisli line toucliing Lbe Frencli, nnd 
in l«>dinff it caUantly nrroH tlie rirer to 
the relief of the Itjiihi' diviaion. BTans wm 
MTerdy wtiundt'J iii th»* (tUouIdur. Norrr- 
thelfiM' bn remained vith hi« troopA, and 
repuUed Uie Ruoiui »ortie of 26 June from 
Scbutipn), wliicli was directed n^nnt hU 
linu, in wich a maiuiiT an !■(> wiu the cor- 
dial praise of Ijnrrl Itnglnn. He was then 
invnlidi-d, but Vft hia bod uu board afaip iu 
fiaUcUva harbour on h'iirin(f the firing on 
6 Nov. He w-fisl/yi hifi sonior brigadier, Ge- 
nera] PvntiffatlitT, with hi*, adrirn through- 
out the battle of Inkcrman, though ho would 
not tokt! iht! oouicuaud out of his hiLiiitn. Ho 
soon afti-r i^turncii to Enf^'lnnd, and n'reiTiHi 
thp thaEiks of purliaiiiuit iu his seat in the 
Ilouae of Cfjmmon-i. For hisBPTvicMEranf" 
wa* niiicle a O.C.B. in Jurm 1855, a grand 
officer of the lx((ion of Hrmour, and a Icniffht 
of the tirat cliw* of this ML>djidi« in ihu fol- 
lowing year. He also rwfivisd the honorary 
dagrw of D.CL. from tho unirBreitr of 
Oxford. Ho had been nuida colonel of tlie 
Slat n-fpim-tit, the king's own bortlcrpre, on 
fifl Aug. l^SS, and W»» pR)mot4jd p-npral on 
lOMarch 1801. lie was Kwlectpd for Wpst- 
iniu.tt«r in 1857 and 185!), but retinjd from 

Solit-ical lil'* at the diMolutinn of lftfi5, and 
iwl in London on 9 Jan. IS70, aged 82. 

fTimei, 12 Jan. 1870; 31«n of ihc Tim*; 
Han'* Army Li* ; SnUn'ii History of tho t>i- 
in«ai] War. and ihrt T^Mders of the Host, a liU-lo 
book puUiih*] in 186* by O. Mackay ; for tho 
aen'iccs of tbo BritinliLicsiinin Spain, Ihinotn'd 
llialory flf the BrlthAi Lc^oq : and for hir »er- 
viwi in till' Ccimftfc. Kinglake'n laTaAon of the 
Crimoft. cspvciallT lh» Tohinio on the hsiti* of 
tlieAlma-l H. M. S. 

EVANS, JOHN (d. 17«>, Kahop of 
McAth, yru boni at Puis l)u in tha pariah 
«f LJsnarmon, Camarroiuhire, and educated 
at Jc«ibCoU^[«, Oxford (WlLLia), A John 
Kvans of J«*im Colle^ grsdoatcd aa H.A. 
in 1871. Thfi birth-date 16fi0, RiTen witli- 
tiut authority in Webb'a ' CotnpMiaiiun/ must 
Imi inaccurato. u Evtiu went to India in 
1676 oa one of the oorapany'a chapWna, and 
waa poated to Hngly in Brugal. He was 
afterwards at .Hodroa, and in 1092 -waa one 
nif the minifltera alUcJied to Fort St. Gooi^. 
He had a bad character with tbr nuLboritiML 
ytUo called him 'thf mrirvhant parson' ana 
CUIO tbAt ha UBiMUted intimately with the 



' intpriopt'r*.' The company in akttortoMa- 
dra.<i(lr^ K'h. IttttOnral) fiiro ■ rhei^uondam 
mioiii^r, but late gT^at tnerebant.' aud a year 
lat^r (*2:.'Jun. llK*l-2)#peaknf dtDcontinuing 
luB salary. A letter of his own, datvd Lon- 
don, 1^ April l(Kf8. Mi.iims to show that Uk 
had only rM>enlly lofl India. He then becuati* 
rector nf Llanaelhatarn in hts native county. 
On 4 Jan. 1 702 he was cotuncratcd iHfibnp of 
Uan^r. (tOTvmur I'itl.om* of hiaold init>r- 
loping fri«nd<, jokm upon thi.t appoint mi'nt 
to a letter to Sir E. LittletvcK Madraa, SNov. 
1702). H« w»« a utrcnjt whijj in ^x'litirj*. 
Atlerbury mentions an altercation with him 
in convocation tn June 1 702. Krans mid in 
the nprwr hon»o that .Vtlfrrbury, tho prolo- 
cutor of the lowerbouae, had lied, which ue ex- 
plained on hoi ng challenges! by.'Oi'inp: chat ihit 
pruloculor had loldagri'atuiilruthC^TAXtBT, 
MetnoriuU of Weatmiwihr Abbey (_18(W), p. 
XmJ, wlH're, how\.'vvr, an urruneoua rvfoivaoa 
is eiven). In 171^ he joined Marlboroa|[h 
in fiigning a protest against the peace, which 
wiw onhired to b« (-xpnngisd from the JOU^ 
naU hy f ht> majority. He was translated to 
Meath in January 1715-16 and enthroned on 
3 F«b. following. In Ireland he had a vio- 
lent quarrel with Swift, vrbo, according to 
his own uocouut, had bti.-ni~ivil to ih^btKhoti 
in spite of their political dtfftiP-ncea. Swiil 
refused to attend his viaitation at Larscor, 
and told him to n'mvmbor thai hu wan s|ioiik- 
ini^ to a clergymaa and not to a footman. 
He wa», however, a friend of Bitihop Xicol- 
»on, and nrunn to have twn rriiKtctnd. Ilo 
died at Dublin on 'li March 17:}^-4, and waa 
buried in the oliupchyanl of St. OwrKuS 
Chapol, under s monument upon which )iu> 
widow com mem orated his many virtuea and 
hia twenty years' chaplaincy in India. He 
left 1 .000/' for at! cpiacopal honri.e at .\nlbnO;j] 
can, \\*yi. for t.he rectory of LInnaelhaiari 
the personal estate acquired previotialy 
bis translation to be applied by the gov 
noni of tjueen Anno'a BkAinty for the wn« 
of poor ck-r^y in EngLuid, and that tSXi 
wnrda aciiuired for the benefit of chi 
Mealh. 

[Diary of \V. HtdirM, with illqitrationa fVnm 
manuscript rvcorclf. publuihod by Colonel Tab 
for tha lUklayt .Son«ty. i. 118, 148, 19$, B.g 
cxzz, ocxcvii.iti. p. Ixxia; Le Neve's F^iatiJ 
107: Ci^tton'H Faati, iit. 131; Brovas VTtUG 
SiirtoTof B*iii(OT(174ll.p. 119; Bfaul* Cliar 
of Irt- Liod, ii.30i), 300.397: -Swift'* Wnrka(l814 
x<>i.3fi4. S9'i, 110: Pari. i[i!t.vi. 1143. MmW 
nod'* Lottm (ISO?), p. 525 : Sloona Ma 4C 
f. 322 : aud Addit. MS3. 2.'84B, No. 95. 18« 
f. 'J31, 2a»27. f. 163.aDd IndtnOficfl 0. C. «fl 
4807,nMilainlet(«csqiiatedorpriDtad by Call 
Vol*.] 



Jk^ ■'— -^^^ 



EVAXs, JoirN. D.D. nfisof-ira)). di- 

viuT, *i^n uf John Evans, dv s dBuglit«T of 
Klolourl <!ff mnl, ^\eraoT of Clkceter CaMIc, 
^a^b'imat NVn-\li«i», Ii'iubiclwliire, in 1680 
rtr lt^~9. Hi* gfniii-grantUfttft^r and gnnd- 
ffct-tiT WfiTt BUcM'wivfly rectors of Ppiuigus, 
i>n>emiiir>-, and Iii* fafhcr, who wiw 
-d n't Itulliol Collegp, Oxford, wrb 
nun -HT at Oswejstry, Shrtipuliirp, from l&J?* 
lo U'Jii'2, wh.tn, rrfuMiig to milmcribfi tn the 
Act of Uniformity, he wsa yjertod, aud went 
tn ivside »l. Wrvxliam. Tht'iv li»'»»jic}iown 
luv'liir of the t^oiii^TV^tional cliiirch in IRSA, 
and ooiiiinui*^ his miniiliy till his dettth in 
I7<K). John Erans the Tonnfor wad cdu- 
efttcd Anl at Loadoo under Thomas Itowo, 
and aflerwardi under Richard Frankland at 
IlulhwcU, Yorksihin. On thtr dvath of his 
falJicr h(> wait takfn into Ihc! bouar^hold of a 
Mrs. liont of Boivatlon. Hhroiwbitv. WiiUu 
Urmij ihi-ro )»• ik aiiiil Ui luir«> mul tlio wholn 
of the five folio Toliimpa of Poole's ' Synop- 
■i« ' in I<»tin, and thp works nf nil thf clin»* 
■' ritt-r* of thi' flntt ihn^' pcnturips afl«r 
'. under the tuition of James Owen. 
Ill 1 , IR.' tie WAS ordain«d inini^UT at Wrvs- 
lum, nuil took cluuve of a now cont^n-^iional 
rhiirch ihem till Ii04, when he received an 
invitation to join thu minintrii' in Dublin. 
Hp wa* dtMiuult^d from accejitintr it hv Ur. 
I>iini«l Williams [ji. v.], who. wliilo udviiiin^ 
lum ■'> tity at \Vntxbaui, olfrrnl, riilht-r tlmn 
1^1 him Ii«TP ihe oonnlrr, lo mk-? him at hia 
nuiklant in London. Evnns !j»njiiiu' Wil* 
liAma'^ ojui^tant at. the in^'rtinjf-hnuw in 
yand Alley, Westminater. till the deaih of 
" liania in iri6, when he was ehrt.<cn his 
9r. lit; luid <?on]e ud to London in- 
joiu the independeut«. bill under 
s'a intlufnco finallv thrt-w in hia lot 
->b]t«riao». Ii« W1U nn eloquent 
rpreAcher, and held in hiph e"tr<-ni 
"congnjgntion, who in l7'J'i) built for 
I a turn cliaiiel in New Itro«<I Street, Petty 
incv, NVcitminstiT. For wvvnil yvar% he 
liimr» dny i-vriiing liwtiinrr iit Kalfi-m' 
laod in \7'J'-i 1m* was elected [irvat-hur 
iV'Ut'hnntV iA'cturp at th" >uime ]i1hc<v 
t the same time tht> honorarv dcgn-*; of 
). WIW rnnfernxl on him by t^e iinirer- 
iof KdinbiiT^^h and Aberdeen. Fie fn^ 
■pn-wUMlovOT ]>ublic ordinal ionn, and 
ii]iet!ti-d by hu own aect and otbera 
xirvii hia tolenml viL-w>^. Hu ("ok a 
[iitrl in the .\rian nmlr'>vrt*y, widiiifr 
'•■rtu<i<tl Ki Ki^n the arltcb-s. 
■il a lajy of ivnuid'TBhlii 
Itii, a ilwiif^tiiiT of John Qnirk. an <>jft'ted 
tiatrr, and with Idt foniine nnd his own 
inff* be wiK iiiiliici'<l t<^ •]>eciilale in the 
itii Sea Coapauv. Tbi; wliolv was lout, 
VOL. xmu 



and his later years were troubled by flnan- 
eial ditliciiltieji, which hostwnt.'d his end. It 
wAfi ^nerally beltiMvd that lii« datt^btcr 'waa 
BD heiress, so well did he keep up appearaacee, 
and thotitrh certnin ntcmbersof hiaoiin^ga- 
tion helped him with mfiQer, ihefiaiii^iiof hia 

Hiverty remained swrel till after hi* di^th. 
e died 16 May 1 "^iO fr'jni dropsy and a com- 
id ten! ion of other difordi^rv, anil wan biirii-*) in 
)r. Williaius'fl vmiU in Iluiibitl Fields, llv 
is described »& beiu^ of ' uQcommonly tall 
KtHturp, yft not a lu<Ty man.' 

E\'anfl publiaheil st-venvl iiermon.t deliventtl 
by him on ^iirious nctiwiioD*. Some twentT 
of the»e were iwtied M-parately, hut ho fa 
best known by a seriei entitled 'Practical 
Discouraos conecminp the Christian Temper : 
boin^r -i^ aortuona upon the principal h'jsiL uf 
I*r«clicaIReligion'[4lhed, 17^7), TliLt work, 
a sixth edition of which waapublUbtxlas Utu 
aA I8l2,wasdeclar<-d by I>r.Wfllts) prifnceto 
Bormona) to be 'the mwst complete RUmmarv 
of thwe dutiM which innki- np christian lile 
ptiblialit'd durinnoum^.' Philip Doddrid^'e 
[([.v.], who abtidRed it in hia 'Rise and Pro- 
pn.-**,' thoro descrihea it. aa amonj; llif- bi-et 
practical truaiisQe in our lanfruoge. llis'Sci^ 
motuon various Bubjecta addressed to Young 
Peo|]lu' wasabo ret8«uodml802, witUa tnc- 
mwr of the author bv Dr. J.Erskine. lii addi- 
tion to his sunnona^ie puhlialiMl liissid^of a 
correapindniu^u with t'ummin^, ' [.->ii)cemin|{ 
the regard which oucht to he had to Script ure 
cotlwqiieoci^»'(!^nd. 1 719 nnd i7'J\i): iind il- 
1 iistnitrd with notes the Epiatle tothi^ llnmanA 
fortheNewTestumentConunentory left un- 
finished by flenrv. He alao wrote a number 
of iiitruductiona lor works by his fellow-mini- 
sterp. and edited ' Som« Account of th« Life 
and Writings of J.Owen ' (1700), !!(> had 
furmud lht> plan of writinir a comprelienfivH 
hiatory of no D confirm it y from the Itefnnna- 
tion to thu civil war,au<icolkictcd the nrooa* 
Kan- materiaU at ^ut expenae. II« read, aa 
he beliuved, almost every book in any way 
bi^arinf; on the aiilmTl, and commenrpd to 
writt' out hia work, but he had not finished 
quite a sixth part of the llirew folio volumes 
which it waa to ocrupy, when he vika Dnixeil 
with bia last illness, and the fra^ient wns 
never published. Erana poswAied a yery 
fine library, amounting to ten thousand to- 
luraeji. wliich waa sold by oticlion on htA 
death to maku a proTiNon for his peniiih-w 
widow and dnii);htrr. The catalogue is tlill 
pft-wrved in l*r. WilliJims's Library, Gniftnn 
rftreet, when? then- i* iilao u portrait of him, 
which ho-t b«n enpraved. 

[Ilarriii'B FiaUhtng tlio Christian Conrw, a 
fniirrxl sannoft pn^nrhMl on the death uf John 
Eraas, 1730 ; Krskioo'a Itrisf Acoooot of John 

V 



Evans 



66 



Evans 



Eniis, D.I>.. Gdiobnrgb, 1803; Wilsnn'a U»t. 
«f IHtMAtinfc ChuKlioa. ii. 2I2-:!I : Wiltmna'a 
Kiiiment WeJaltmon, p. Ifil ; NmI'h Hiat. of llio 
PariUuu (el. 1622), L xut; Noble's BtoK, IlUt. 
of EngUnH, Hi. Ufi.j A. V. 

EVANS, JOHX (I603?-1734P), actor, 
C4ia&iio<l bn purfoniuiiicKA to Irelaud. Hh 
Beeaa in lisrc hud n ^linre in the maoage- 
tnont of Smock Ahvy Tlientre with Tbonua 
KIriiigloB [q. v.] and UriHtth. Tlie onlj 
chamcten assoclatud with hU nanio are At- 
cibiades in "Hcion oF Athvn«,' ^liwlwell'^ 
alteration from Slulcetipeare: and Li<^iitJ>nnnt 
Story ID "The Oommittw, or the Faithtui 
Irii^an/ofSlrRobenHoward. ThMoworo 
plaved about 1716. Evans bad a good voic« 
and jufit doliTcry, and traa on actor in n- 

aueet. llu wa«, however, vorpuluut aud iu- 
ulfiut. Pl&yiag at Cork 'in tbe last ^«ar 
of tbe Kizn of QuwD Anne,' bo woe invited 
by Bomf oificfm tlii>n on duty in a lax-era, 
Tvhare bw propoHi-d tbo health of thn ijuoftn. 
This involved him in a quarrol with an olFicvr 
of Jacobii« view*. In « due! wbtch followwJ 
Kvaiiji disarmed bis adversary, t'pos bis 
mtum to Dublin Kvans found tliut the quitr- 
r«l hud bwu uiarcprcifiutiled, aud that bo wiu 
bald U* haw iiuulttol the anny. I'ermissiou 
to continue tho play 'Tim Rival Qumns'waa 
reAised until KvtuiHliiidtipologiMKii. 'lliifthw 
wftB Vflry Tfilnctantlv cnmpoll^ to dn. One 
of the malcnnti-nta biddiiitfliiin kii«r>l, Rvaiis 
n-tort/'cl, ■ Xn, yoii nwaal, Til knt^l to aonfl 
bat Godandmyquiwu.' TW iiilJiir wiM^aftvr- 
ward^ arraiig<^. 11 il.c1ic(K:lE i^iniply speaka 
of Uim as 'a Mr. Kvnns.' Accnrdiup to 
[lh*twood. thrye years lal«r than Iht' abovA 
ini'itlti'nl, Evanii wtint to tbe theatre la Lin- 
coln '-t Inn Fiolds, and on the journey bark to 
Ireland was taken ill of a fvver at Whit- 
cburcb, lShriip>hire, whence be was carried 
fnr better odvic* to Chcstor and there died, 
in tbo furtv-fintt vcar of his life. »nd wai pri- 
vfltfdy buried in the catbedmt without monu- 
mcnt or iiiM-ription. theta ihXc*, no un- 
usual thinK with Chetwood, are irracondl- 
iiblf with what is olsewbare aaid coacenung 
Evans. 

[GeaMl'aAecmotoftheEDgliBhRtazo: Ch*t' 
wwtd'a Ooaanl HiM. of tbe Stage; BilfKcock'H 
Irish Sta««.l }■ K. 

EVANS, JOHX (A 1779), curate of 
Portamoutb, was bom at Sleini Gwyoioo, 
LUnnrtb, Cardi|;&Dshiro, and war (slucatMl 
at Ojtford. His firit curacy was tbal of 
Lhuiartb, whence he removed to Port.^oiout h. 
Tbe author of thu ' WvUi Hiblio^mphy ' imp- 
potted bim III bave keen the loan Kvons who 
tranAlaldd Dr. Jabci EarluN * Muditatiuna on 
the Saoismi.-aU,* 1730; bis ' Hanuoiiy of ihv 



Foiii'Ooniels'wAapabliAhcd in \7iA. _ 
was th« first work published in AVeUb toi 
pound anr portion of tho IIili1<-, l-orne^ '<fti^<'n 
ymn earlier than that of I'eter WiliiuniB^ 
He ii auppoaod to have «m:'1i tbniut^h tl 
protfs tbe Wdsb bible of 17*!i> frnvrm tdm 
Band oopio*)) be inui^latH I 
'Cbrt«tiBnIu«tituttx>,'I77^. .. u 

of tbe ' Harmony' vvaa ]iubli>l4oi iu iOi^. 

[fiwyauiaydd'n Bliwogion Cetvdi^nn ; RjiW* 
lflit;lti's Wplnh BibUogTapby; Dr.RMftV ETiat. <" 
NoQcoufurmiiy in Walaa.] IL 7, J. ' 

EVANS, JOifN <I7fl7-182r), bipi: 
minister, wna Imni at Usk in Montnouchuif 
;; Oct. 1707. He (raced his de«<:-?Ml.thr 
an alraoHt unbroken lin--'' '■"•-■ j.-.."i.-*«J 
from ThoniiLs Evan«, v. 
JfaesmjTii* in Brcckno, :, 
durine th« Couimonwi^lt b (JosJ>. tir.k- 
nodtJAirf, vol. it. pt. i. p. ^84/. AflT miil 
svhooliux at Urietol be becnma a Btii^ 
in November 178S in the baptiitt 
in that town, oviT which his rulacii 
Cftli-b Kvanx, then prwitlfsl as thw 
tutor. During parr, of bis sur Robert 
[q, v.] w»s Lis classical tutor. In IT** 
was murricalat^l at King'* Collar, ."^ 
deen, whence be proceeded in I7uO 1 
univiTtity of Edinuurj^h. llnvinL: iitke^ 
di^'ri;i; nr.M.A. be returned in June 17!)! 
Knvland, mid in tbe same year ac(-v|itiil an 
invitation frum the muminj^ L-ongT>-;,iition of 
llfifwrnl I>iipli*l» ill WorMbiji Sinful, t^ititl'. 
where, after nUiciatin^ a few montfa.«, hc' 
C-lii>>en iinftlnr aiiil ordained !)1 Mny 17^ 
'This, bw first, proved his only piv^ioral ii 
Kngem-'nt/ writee bis biocmpher, -miul 
tblrtv-fivi' yiwrs of «nint»Tnij>t<'d harmoc 
tenninatttd but with bis rLsbttinre.' Inn 
dtately on bisttssumingthisofbo* Ei-aas pul 
lisbi-d * An .\ddroas humbly desired to 
mote tbt? iCevival of Keli^^on, more mi 
ally amnni; the General Baptists,' H 
Londi.7n, ITfr't, Two years later be rpra? 
a school, tiKt at Iloxlon t^mm- uid suIk 
quoully at 7 i'uUin'i; Row, IslincLon, whi 
bi'tautcbt with. -luecviM for ntrOMt thirty yrmi; 
In 1815 he was attacki?d with a con ' ' 
tliat deprivod bim of tli>.> iiw of hie 
during th<> remainderof binlife. In U 
received tho di>(;rw of LL.D, from 
ITnivcTMty in Uhod'? Ishind, and in th« i 
yoBr be bsued bis ' .Memoir!) of the Lifu and 
Writiiifia of iLb Kev. Willj^m Iticluirt 
Lh-D., of Lynn . . . wilb^uiin' account' 
tlw l{ev. ICoffer Williams, f.mmhr of ll 
Static of Ubouo Iifliind,'li?mo, London. l^H 
Iu IS'IT) be resticned hi* school, luivlng ii I> 
lA-Jl I'Mt hi^ third »m, Cateh, who ha>l bi<< 
bia inlvadvd lucovMor ((•€»/, Mag. \kA.: 




ft, ii. p. 673^. AUbouf^ obliged to be ear- 
riirl frum bu couob lo tb« pulpit, tin con- 
tiniiMl Id prearh until a few we^ki hefow 
"»w dcttlh lit JUliaRt<ni, 55 Jan. 1>*"J7. In 
Lu;^iAi 17M hn miirri>-«] Mnrr, <1ftii;^liCvr 
'J<t1in Wicbe, for nearlyhalf a century ge- 
n-'fnl bnpt)9t minister at Moidatoae. I'ltrra 
«ou9 survived him. Uo h i%pr<>»;nti.^ ax 
bviny on umiablv, li l((>nil-miuaeil man, of 
gra&t pT!nf>ral information. In lbU3 be wu 
»I«cI<m1 n f»II.)w of the Sociwty of Autiu^iu- 
Si*, but withdrew ui I82o. A portrait of 
ibyWi^odman.uccomjiniiiu&bli' Tracts, 
, and l-'um-ml Dr.il i'>ni>, piililiiihod 
1~1>5 Olid 1825, and tiix new ])t»- 
ooanM,' Hvo, Ixmion, IS2(I. 

Evmnfl'e writings, Aimo frirty in niimhiT, 
c>na|>ri«t- f>erm(>n», tracts, prefaces, bio^rrapbi- 
cal luul topi i^Apbic4l noticos. and ecliool- 
books. The ' Stieicli »f lint IVmumiiiutiuiitt 
of the Christian Wnrld * Grfit appc«n>(l in tbo 
bn^aniug of 1795 in tbt: foim of a sluUing , 
imphlct, l:hDo, London. I(« rapid ml^ i 
]It<d for u Bocond Miilioo in Jul; of lh<^ 
yrar, and during a iii<ri(id of about. 
iiinr yvara fourteen sncoeasive edition; vn^nh 
irrolaltyl ; n fiflweotb edition bad bwa com- 
ptried liy the author immediotftly biifori? hi« 
i«t ilttir.u, Th« boolc was tronftlated into 
Vt-l«lt. Itimo, M.>rtb}TTjdfil,IH(lrt, and into i 
arioiu Kurcp^uu Iiineua^it, whilv »(.*vi;ml ' 
''"'"Uti ytvrv i*^ucd in Aiuoricn, the lirst ■ 
fnppi.>ar<>dallWlou,]2mo,1607. Inhis 
lion of the fourtt^entl] i«ililion to Lord 
!<■. ICvaof i<tnt4.vl thai. allhDUijh ft hun- ' 
, tbouMind coplcH bikil I h<.-n In-^-n »old, b« 
ivlwith iJiBComriftht for lOA.buthe 
LiuMcirbf r»^f!ccEinK that lbi»popu- 
ilr of Iho book WAK duf* l<i iu ftrict im- 
unlitT, A sequel lo the *Ski-t<!b' titw i 
A Pri-M^rvntivc Hznin*! the Infidulily and ' 
*n<'Jiariiablen<>8sof th»t Kightcpnth Ccntntj- ; ! 
r, Ti-iitimonip* in bebnlf of Obnitlian (,'nn- 
aurudrnnnimiiTrbrDiTinodoftheC'bnrch 
l^iplanO, of the Kirk of 8«Dtluid, and 
)f[ t\w Prot^Atant Lisscjilon' (an (mmt 
iif riifbl of private judgment prefixed), 
rfl«; ;jrd Mit., 'Tbn (iold.-w Centi^ary," 
iJiBO, 1.4)ndun, ISOO. Ol her works are : 
'An Al.1-<-iupt tnacCDiint for fh*- Intidelity 
Mr. Gibbon, fonndi'd on bU own 
. . Inrlndini; on Acmiint of the 
,u and Ih'alh nf tbc llif^ht linn. 
.IjorJLjtiolloii.'Svo, Lond<)n[1797]. 
EuMf on thL< hMutriition of Voulh,' 
(l^ndoD, ITVtH; :;iid fdii., VJmr), Lon- 
8, 'Tbi- ,hiv«iii]i> TouHkI; iir, 
throuKb Toriuu* jmrU of flreal 
lii'trnr-i! ivitli Mnit!!, ... In a 
"■Brir- lt.'ni>i, l^ndon. 1M<>1. 

4. T ,,in«; lilmo, 180.^ L'nd 



Smkitic 



Ddit.,3rots.,l2mo, Worthing, 1814. 5. 'Gena- 
ral Rxdt! mill ion iha only prup^r BiiMiKof Qrne- 
ral rtt-'nevnlfiupe; aLettiT to Robert Hawki^, 
I>.D.,' ftvo, London, 1809; 3:..! edit., • with 
/ininiftdvoriiioiis on the '■ Eclectic ll«;view,'" 
&V0, London [18091 6. 'Complete lieligioos 
LiWrty Vindicaloai* on tbc ptMition for tha 
abolition of all peu&l«tiiiuies of tho diastmt- 
tiig mtniftten of I^udon and Wv^lniiuHter, 
Feb. 2, lyia,8vo, London, 1813; i'nd edit, in 
tlm suDo rwr. 7. 'An J''KcuT>iou to Wiiid- 
■or;' to wbirb in added, * A Journal of a Trip 
to Porid, by bi« son, John Kvuusjun., M..\.,' 
12rao, liOndon, 1817. 8. 'Tin' ('bruliimity 
of Tbo New Tefltoment Impreiirnable and Im- 
perishable ; an Address occasinmil by the trial 
of U. CftriiKV f*vo, London, 1^19. 9. ' lt«- 
crwlioiiior the Young and Old. An Excur- 
sion to Brighton, ... a Visit Co Tunbridge 
Wi'lLi. and a Trip lo Soutbtnd. In a iivt'u.-% 
of !.flti?ni,' Ac, \'2ran, Cbwwick, l?*21. 
10. 'Ridimoud and its ^'icinity; with a 
OI»ncpnlTwirki'nham,Stmwb<Try Ifill, and 
Hampton Court,' liimu, Kifhmond, 1824; 
2nd edit, llimo, Uiobraond, 1S:*S. John 
Evnn*. the son, grailunt^-d M,,\- at Edin- 
burgh, and wrot« be«id.'!t tin? ' JuunuU ' (»to 
No. 7 obovi) pft|>^TH in the •Ptiiloaiphii'-ol 
Miii^zino' on L;uidin^ balloons ibmn^fb the 
ariu(u<|th>T« (xlvi. y^l-i), on (u-rial navi- 
^tinn f.tlvii. 429-31), and on a mt^lbod of 
naming rooU of cuhva under t«n figure* (li. 
413-1). 

[ AoniuJ Bio^rmphv and Obitnary, xii. 83-93 ; 
Gent. Mag. vol. xi-vli. pi- 1. pp. 369-71 ; Wil- 
liams'sUtogmphiciil Ifii't.of Kmiinint Welshmen, 
1842. pp. 132-3 ; Lfiris* Hi!.!, uf lIid P«ri»h uf 
St. Mary, laliticton, pp. LAS, 319; AUibone's 
Dirt., i. MA; Kiogr. Diet, uf Living Authon, 

laio.l 0. O. 

EVANS, JOilN C1774-182S), printer, « 
nntivoof Ilri»tol,waa bapiiaed at St. Philip'n 
Cburcb, Pristol, 16 Jan. 1774. At various 
periods of bis life he wtui Minci^rned in 
printing And editing moru than one ni-ws- 

fapur in that city,nniongoih.T«Ib«' ItHolol 
tbserveTj'n vrceklv journal, which, starl"*!! 
inJauiiar>- IJJ19. CoUapwl 1 Ort. lS2;i,flft.;r 
S2'2 miinbi'rs bad bf>'>n piibli.*beil, Karty in 
1 WS he k'ft ikimol for the purpose of pntj-r^ 
ing into some engagement with a printer 
namedMauriot!,ofFLiichurch:jtreet, London, 
who was also principal pmpnetor of tha 
newly ftw5l«i llnin«wick Theatre in WpU 
StT'ft,Wi'UclQfeS(|iijin'. Kvanft wftskilledby 
tlu-Audden follinfr of th«lheffltrp on till' morn- 
ing of SH Feb. I82i*.whvn in bi« fifty-fifth 
vwir. Hr ba*l become a widoweronlya ft>w 
wo<>ks tiel'ore, and bift. two dsughten and n 
son. Uewasmitborof; 1. ' Practical MlH«r- 

V '2 



Evans 



68 



Evans 



vktions on liu> dne perfomumtfft nf Psklmody. 
M'itb a abort jKMtKriDt on the Freaent Stato 
of Vocal Mitsic in miiit Dcpunnn-ntV Hto, 
BriMol. 1823. 2. ' A Chronol^cal Outline 
oTttiH UiAlory of Bristol, rdJ tht< StrangiVi 
Ouiilt' tliruiiffh iu Strvt;t« Kud Nt^ig'bbour- 
hood,' firo, lymilaa, iy:i4, a aiorvliouse of 
Mttertftining fsct». At p. 827 ofthis misL'ct- 
liuiT will U! fouiiil n li«t uf EviiDitV contri- 
liiitioiui to the ' Urislol Observer.' Some 
•necdotea by Etuis of WUliata Combe np- 
pear in (ho 'OwitlrmanV Magnunt-,' IH*>3, 
li. 18A. 

[FvlixPaHe/iBriftol Joanial.8Hareli 1838; 
Qcitt. MiMC. vol. imii. pt. i. pp. 2M, 374-0: 
Chn>nolci|>ical Ouliino of th* ilid. of Bristol, 
pp. 32C-8.1 G. G. 

EVANS, JOirX (A. \8SS), mifoollaamiia 
wrilvr, a natire of Driatol, kept a wbool in 
tLat city for MTcrol ycara, tirst nc Lovi>r 
Piirk Ity'w.nnii afturwardf (by October 1818) 
at Kiiigadown. During pirt of tho time he 
ofliciated nsn proebvttTiaa minietiTat SEarEli- 
fipU in 01oiiclwl«r>Jiin?, Hv Mviritually re- 
moved to London, whf>i^ hf> had a Bchool 
in Euiilon Squiuv. There be died in 1KJ2 
(Omt. Mm. Tol. cii. pt. i. p[i. 372-3, fiOI ; 
nrefaces to nis works). U(^«iae6 Bome Bcbool- 
boolia EvaiM wroTv : 1 . ' An Omt ion on the 
Doctrine of ITiiloaojibical NwoasJiy con- 
sidered ill rtft-rcncc to ita Tt-ndcnov.' Bto, 
1809. 2. 'Tbu fondiTer.a aerie* of EsMje: 
lliograpliical, Litwrary, Moral, and t'ritipal ' 
(originjilly pulilixhud in ibo 'BriilKh Mor- 
Curj-'),l2mo, London, Bri*'loUp'''H«d),l«12; 
ftiioihi^r t-dit., 'Eswiys,' l:2mo. London, 1810. 
3. 'Th"l*irtiir.-yfB'ri»lol;. .. iwcludiofrBio- 
KnipMcalNotircHof Kminent Nftlivt'.i.'lSmo, 
Tirislol. \U\\ I'ndedit. I2tn-), Hnslol. 1SI8. 
An alirn!piitnl, itntitli-ii ' Thu New fJiiid'.', 
orPirtiimof Brifltnl, with HifilnriealandKio- 
graphicffl Notices,' wo* piibli'Iied na n. ' third 
oditKin/ Rro, Bristol (18ir>?). Tho hi^toricnl 
ftccoimt of tlw church of Si, Miiry It^clilU' 
appearod in n Kparnio form, l^mo, Rriatol, 
lolS. Evans aUo odited, with u iiivmotr, 
llw 'Rj^niains' of William K«ed of Thom- 
bnry, t^vo, London, 181.^, and compileil lbi> 
fu^vinil Tolumi" of ' The llUtory of^ lirintnl,' 
tto, BnVtol, ISIO. the lirsl volume of which 
FM written h\- John (>)rrT [ij. v.] 

Kvans is t« b« di.ttiiifrniiilii'd ifrom Joiit 
Ev,is« {Jl. 1'^I2), probablr wn ot'Ut'njamiu 
Erana of Lydm-y. i;ioni-i-(ir.'r^hir'>, n olfrcy- 
man of tht^ e8lnblisbnit>itl, who niairiculiitvd 
4Aprill7Hll.n(^l'JI,BtJemsColl('j[i.',Oxron!, 
.and proceeded U.A. 1792 (Kostek, Alumni 
Ojon. ii. 2H). lie wannuthorof; I. ' A Tour 
tlunughpnn ofNnrtbWuh^inih** viir?7tW;, 
and at otli«r times; priucipallj- uudvrtaktiD 



with a v'unt to Botanical R«»earQh«s in tkaL 
alpinu country; int«n>pt<nwd with Ob»*rva-^ 
ttons on ita Sc^nprr, Afrrinillur^, ^[a^l1fa 
liirw.&c..*8vo,Lond.,.D,l^*00; Sudedit. evfl 
Ijfindon, lf*02 ; ard edit. 8to. I.ondon, It^H 

2. 'Leilers written diiring a Tour tlirou^ _ 
Smith Wales in l)tv vrar li^S and at othtr 
tim«fl . , , ooniainitu \'iewn of the Hi»- 
lory, Antiquitiea, and V'uktuui* of Hint |<a 
of the Prinnpality,' &i'., ^to, London, IHiJ 

3. 'Moiimoutli^liiru'invol. xi. oTBrttyk'n 
Ilrilton's ' Ileauties of KiiKlaiid anil Wnlr 
8to, London, 1*10. 4. 'Nortli W8bfs,'(Jvo," 
London, 1812, Wing vol. xrii. of tli*> unw 
series. At the timw of hi^ la^ puhltrarioa 
(April 1812) Bvanswa* r»«idinpat IM.iocy 
Plwe, Camden Town, Lindon. Hr hail ii 
tended to write the acoi'iiit of South Wale 
for the ' B«auti».' bnt dii-d shortly nrter tin 
oomplctionof ihetlr*! part ofhi't uudrnakinir 
(ItniM, preface to '.South Wales,' Beautit 
(/Suffiand and Waits, roL xviii.) 

[Anlhnritiwna aboret] 0. < 

KVANS. JOHN, OF Liwrwnoi 

{1779-1847), Widsh mpthodi^t, vriw bom at 
Cwmgwon, Ppncadcr. in Cnrmarthenehii^*, 
in October 17714. His nnrpnta cnve him a 
religioits education, and he could md ht» 
bible when be was four. He wai wmt to 
the beat mIiodIs within reach, and under one 
Jones of Maesnoni he it suppose to haw 
Immml Lntin, GrLidt, and tlebn'w. A» a 
boT ht> oftfrti pr»acbed without bean-ra. 
Ills pnrrntj woTv nembcra, nnd hiii farbera^ 
dejiirnn, of the ind'-p^Tidrmt church at P« 
cader. At thfl okh of fourteen he was 
lo hear Jones of Llnui^n, one of the 
mi'l.fa<M]i>t prt-arbrrH nf thi- day. At iii«tp»'ti 
when ht3 hithi^r hatl failed lo tnaki.' an it 
dtfpendent of him, ho Joined the Cahinisli 
methodtsti. .\l nini>t*>cn he wriit (o tl 
Pwabyterinn Collefje, Camanhfn, but soon 
left, nlthoiifrh his tutor tfaoufrht hifhly oT 
him. At tweiity-ninv he rvceivfd uv«con'i 
orders, alter examinittion. at tht haudft 
Wut»on. bishoi) of Llaudall*. il>.' hold evrur 
ciiraciwi in Hui'-Ctufticin. biii for -thorl peHoiL 
and wherever be went be filled theehurchc 
Hivat optKviition wna ruiiiil br M>n)i' iftaini 
hi? ' mctnndiKl ic way^.* Ilia lo-it rtinicy ' 
at I.lendilowror. Ilncnuldnot confine hit 
wlf to bis own church, nnd ''' •■ fr-:\fli 
off tombiitou«M tu orowdvd i lU 

soon found, however,! hat tht-i j.,- 
wutfno iiropur pbtccfor him. Hud It I] 

lo hi» old IrifiidM ihi- (JHlviiiiilii' ni- 
though hr' prea<'hed iilso nmoQh* the tiapti" 
or contEr>>^tiunnItHt.<, and he wiutuverTwhi'r 
welcime and cv.'rrwhcre fiUiiwfsi hv ai 
adtoiriog multitude. Evans had an iui[Hiuad 



[ntanc*, an mtelli^nt couuTenAncCf mid 
«>uit«ouBmftniiBrt. Hv had a muaicsJ voice, 
and gavv tlw imiiruiwiou of sincere reliffioiu 
feelinfT. Th. I>evriB Kdwurdtf {TraetMdau 
JJe/tffddol, p. S:^'>) 'ui.V" liio uae distiuguiabing 
m»tk was mret'iitncM^. 
^^ Aa he sdvaiirad in yt'or* hf bi^cttinn inucK 
^V'troublLtl with iii^lAnclioliA.AndHnmutitneslii] 
kad U> be fetcbed Iroui liia bi.<d to hia pulpgi 
dutiet. IlediedoHiNoT. !R47. Itr. Klwnnl* 
dE-scribcs him M otu! of the greabest of WeUL 
pniocbon. 

I^J. T. Johm'* Oeiriftdor BywqroflytlflrtT. i. 
332-4; Pr. L. Edwiinl-'« Trantho.I:ui I.fnnvriaol, 
fip,S10-26; Mdinoir by tho Rpv.T. J. Williiinif. 

3ijddr>i.j R. J.J. 

EVANS, JOHN (ISU-18r5), botter 
known Oil 1. 1). Fi'UAXD, Wi'leli pHil and (."al- 
viaietic motlitKlint miniMli'r, woa borti at Ty 
Mawr, Llaiueontfrraid jn NgUonwy. >'nclli 
WalM.l'aJuIvlSll. At tlii'.i4r<iftf»ixt«-nh.- 
pul>lis!i^d q' lliston* of I ho Ji?Wfi' in \Velfili,iii 
tvruDljr-oue bis ' UtfyrwRli IWligyn OUmui 
Comry,' a volume of iKx-trr. Mnrh nf liU 
later worlt wii« of a fugilivw chiiraeler, con- 
Irtltiitiniiii of ])r>M« aiiil wne to tho poriudicnl 
literature of the Jjiv. Ho wim known for 
Dianyri'an* *» a. n-gitlar coutrihiitor of n ra<^y 
lettiT to the * BaniT,' under llio nami; of Adda 
' Joae». A writw in llm ' Gwjddiinindur' (the 
[ "SVeLth Cyclrtpiedin) a»yn that many of the k't- 
I tefM rvmind one of Aduson's' Baaayv ' in their 
'livelinBsa,wil,iin'l inffenioiis M&sonincf!!. ITe 
flCrikes tue opponcni till he groans, and at tbs 
•ame limeticklM him till b<^ latiglw, and tbo 
reader is ainu««rd uud tnsl niL-ted. lie rrans- 
Intd Young'it ' Night Thnuj^hts ' and Milton's 
'Partdise Loet' ^xxxvi. 416, nn dat^!)- It ia 
on thia laat bia reputiiiiuu will chivtly r«rtl, 
and it ha* rwvivM hi^th praisp in I>r. Lf_-wi8 
KdwapdB'fi'TrwfthodiiuUt'iiyddo.1." Dr.W.O. 
Ptighe bod nlnwwiy tnunliit'-d th<' ' I'arsilisf 
IxMt' into Wpliili. hut iht' dwi'irs WVlsli 

IWM »o artificial that it ww ncvfir tniirh n-nd. 
£vanA died 4 \fart;h lS7fi, untl hin romains 
■wure iulemwl in ibe Wrying-ground of bis 
native parish, 10 March. 



1 

I 



I [A Critical Esaay oa th» Lifo and Work of 
LJ. D. f frajd In thi lietiin»D for Marvh ISSS.I 

R.J.1 



EVANS, LEWIS (Jl. l--,74), conlmvw- 
alolist, n native of Monmoiitlwhirf, waa edu- 
cuu^da[Oxford, apparently at C'hrtftt Church, 
where be proceeded It. A. 15>')4, il.\. 1557, 
and B.D. l-VJ-J (OW*. Umv. lUa. Oxt Hist. 
poc. i. 2:;:(, lilS). He aflerwaroa nrooved to 
I Ijondon. where hii- icnl iu the Roman cnthuliu 
Ici^Utiti hrtiughl. him iiilij trijiihlf with Bii<hi>|> 
i flrindal, and he was forced m fly the cnuni nr. 
I Mn (Mettled al AoLwQTp, and occupied hinuclf 




to Iranslsliog the 'Tahulm vigt^ntium . . . 
hipnweoii'ofWillL'in van di'rLindt, bishop of 
Rof rmniul, into English . Thl* hi? published at 
jViitwerp in lotio, with the title ' The Betray- 
ing of I Ke BMritlineaa of the llcrctica,' l^mo, 
and adtiBaataddnastoGtiudal. Venturing 
back to London he waathrown into prison, but 
being aftiTwardit rocoticilud tu the t-hurtJi of 
Hnj;landby Mime of hiBfriemlf, 'did, tuahrw 
bis kcqL fort h« love he had to il.writeaHd pub- 
lish a huok a« full of ill Iciu^uai^ agaitist tlie 
lioman catholics a« lilt- othiTwiix full of good 
for them,* onlilled 'Ihn Cfiatlo of Christiwi- 
iliw, dHiWling tli» longt-rring (tstatii, a«VTeU 
of iliij Romaini? Church, bh of the Urahop of 
Ramu: togel her with the IJeffrnca of theCa- 
rholigue Faith,' Svo, London, lo6S. In de- 
dicating hi» treatise to the nueeii he wriCua: 
'I my solfo h&uu once dninKe (beforo vour 
Uaieatius gr«at clftm>uuvie I vouhiiau) of the 
puddell of ignorancT, of the mudd>! of ido- 
lutriv, of lliv poode of GiiperKtition, of the 
lake i>f self will, l)liiidHm-iu«^, diKobodienor, & 
obslina^ue.' It ia nut Eurpming that the 
howtc gnvo gTval. oIIV'hix' to th« Roman catho- 
lics, who repnrtwl that Evans, tn M^fi hln own 
worde, 'had reuolted from the Gospell, & 
wft» agaym^ goniic U'vondt- the Bcn*.' Thuc 
reports beinR constanlty told to Evan.<t while 
hi! was staying at Oxford, ' not by any mean 
luil. hut by the leaniii^l,' be found uii n.-iu:h- 
ing London 'bovve yt vvaa in the moutbes 
of manyo, that lievviudeitda.' Hethercupon 
puhliahwl a utill inom rinilvnt nttack on the 
church of Home, whiiihheentitlfld 'The Hate- 
full H^-pncriBiu and Rebellion of t ho Romishe 
PrelftCie,' I2mo, Ijondon, lfi7l>. Kvans wrote 
also: 1. ' A short Treatise of the Mijiteij" of 
th*< Eocbftrirt,' ttvo, London. liV)9. 2.'*A 
hrii'f Answer to n short trifling Treatise of 
late set forth in the Rritainc Tongue, written 
hv ono Clinnock at Rome, and printed at 
Millain, niid lately spread fOcriTly abroad ia 
Wftles,' iL'mo, London, lo7l (T.vXXKH, Ittbt. 
Brit. I74ti, p. :J70). Hv UkL-wiw; mviccd nnd 
made j-oiisiderahle addiliimi^ to a n>-w i-dJlion 
of John WilhaU's dictionary, entitled 'A 
Shorte Riclionaric mnat pnititable for yong 
Beginnprti, the seconds tyme correirted, and 
augroecl'.'d with dinette I'hrasys, & other 
thingt^s iitfcc«sari« thcrcvnio added. By 
Lewys Euans,' -Ito, L<iridon, 1()74. In in> 
scribing bts work to the Earl of Loicostivr, 
Evans liiuLs at poverty and want of suitable 
euiploYinent. The' Diet ionarie' went through 
eevonil editions, tliat issuod in lofit! being 
ailgmttiitml ' with more than six hiuidred 
rvthmicall Terses' by Abraham Fleming 

U- v.] 

[Wood's Atbaiiw Oxon. (Bliu), i. 411-13.1 

0. o. 



Evans 



Evans 



EVANS, LKWIS (i:66-16L'r), mstlie- 
mnticiao, &oq of ibe Ker. Thoniui E^-iiru 
of ]iiL>»(iU-g, McMitnouttuihiro, wm horn in 
17o6 tKi>sn:K, Aiumai Ojvh. 1715-18^^, p. 
485), lie was muthctilatcyl uT Mi-rt>%n Col- 
lege, Oxf'prd, 10 Ik'C. \'7t, but left iha uni- 
wrsiiy witLout a degn*. lu 177" he waa 
nnlnined liv the Bishop of Lichfii-lil ivnd Co- 
veiitrv, hit firrt curacy beiuK tliat of A«h- 
b«ir\-, IWksliire, when' he lUTvefl until July 
177e. Ilti then i-timmpnced reeiilcncL- ns cu- 
r«tr <>f C'lmptnii, Ifc'rk^litri*, bh<1 iMiitinued 
then* iiiilil 1/88, in which vear be rewivi>(l 
iiwi it lit ion to tlie vicanip<? of Froxfiflil, Wih- 
e1iin>. Fte bfltl tlio Ilvinr iintil bin death. 
In irift he was tippointed first niiithfinnli- 
cnl m(wt<T Bt the lUiynl MiIitAiy Academy, 
"Woolwich, m which |)o«l he labour«i until 
18^0. In addition to D.o<^mppt«nt Iniow]«y)gv 
of various wiencu, he bau turued much of 
hia attention, in the latter part of his life, 
tu aMiMDumy. HepoBseeBedNTerulvalwiblu 
inntrumentM, and for many ycAnt einployi^ 
htiaself aa a skilful and aurfywfifat obeeirer, 
harinchis onii private observatory on Wool* 
wicb nornmon. Totde'PhilfMnpbipnl Maga- 
xine ' he contributed the following diwerta- 
t at ions : *An improved DL>nionstrntion of 
Newton'it Binomial Tlieorem on l-luxional 
Principles' (vol, rxi*.); 'Oljjwrvations of 
a Polaria fiir dct^^TRiining t ho North I'olar Dis- 
tance of that Star nl Ihf beginning of IHjy ' 
(vol, xliii.); 'Tablcfl of tbo Sun'K Alliludu 
and ZHtiilti Di*limcp, fnr nvfrr day in the 
ywar' (vol. Iri.) ; *Tlie Snlar Eclipse, obaen-cd 
on 7lli Si-pt. IKiKI' (vol. Ivi.) Evan* was 
elected F.lt.S. 20 May ISit, and was nlwi 
frUow of lht_' AHtronomicAl Society. He died 
at Froxfifld 19 Nov. ]R->? [ffrnl. Mag. vol, 
xrvii. til. ii. p. r)701. By bis wife, .\nn Nor- 
man, L^ w»n fatder of Thomaj Simpson 
Evan.-) [([, v.], and of Arthur Bcnoni Et'ans 
[q. T.] 

[TTifotiBalioo from John Evan*, ttq., F.ILB. ; 
Bojal Kalcodnn ; Monlhlj Noticuof the Aitn>- 
noniiciiJ Sociuty of London,]. JI3.] G. G. 

EVANS, PHILIP (lWft-lft79). j^iit, a 
nsijveof Maumouth^ihlrc, studir^ in the col- 
leg* at St. timer, Btid entered the 8ocietyof 
Jeaua 7 S«pt. Ififto. Having comphifctl 'bis 
noviceabip at Watlen and made Iii* higher 
(tludicfl and theology at tho English College, 
Li^-ge, lie wn^i nrnained priiwt^ and sent to 
the mission in North Wales in l(f7ri. Being 
a markod Tinim of the Oatua plot p(.>r«-cu- 
lion be waa iw-iiw) four years Inti^r at fhp 
hoiidoof his friend and patron, rbrisiopbrr 
Turbenillw d.- Skene, ckj., committed to 
prison, trii>d at iIia apring a^izi'S Ui7t>, ron- 
mraniMl to dwlb as ■ tiaitoi for bin priest- 



hnod, and exectitod at OardiS' on 12J Jul] 
ltt79. John Lloyd, a secular priest, sud'iirpd 
at the Knat'. tira*', and on the aume account. 

'Shurt Sleinorandums ' opi.<n Ibc-ir dvatl: 
appoarrtd at London in 1679, Tb^r^ is a por- 
trait of Evani) eogra^'ed by Alnxandvr \oet 
m Matthias Tanners 'Brevis Ki'Istio felicb 
Agonisijuvin pro Religion)' Calholicai'bmDAa 
aubieruQt aliquot e Societati- Jwii Sacrr " 
dotos,' Pragtie, 1BS3, Another portrait is in 
the print oT Titus Oatos in ihv ptUury. 

[Fluru9 Analo<B)LTaTieiiF, pp- 17^B1 ; CUal-l 
]un«r*ii MiasiniMiry IViwIs (li^it), il. iU, 
Kvnnii'» CHt, ut Kiignkvnl Portraitu, No. 1«720; 
<imii(^r'a &(ta, lliat. of EngUnd. Mi. vA. v. U ; 
Fi>l*y"B Recordii. t. KH2-81, rii. 23a {with por^ 
tniit); Cat. of Priotfd Hooka in Bril. M(i».; 
Dlrror'a Jesuit CoUM-limis. p. 80 ; Dol.j'f Chare) 
Hifit. iii. 320: Kobler'n MariyKr und Bukenncc 
dor QvMllacbaft. Jrsu in Hosland.] T. C. 

EVANS, KHYS or KICE (A. 100->;^ 
fanatic, usually kuowu by hi? adopted uanw' 
■if Ariaf. Eta.vm, wan bom in MiT»iiiictli«hir 
* in tin? parUh of Llanglnin, a mib^ fmm ibf 
Benrmouth' {yarration qf tAf Li/r, t'aiiirtyj^ 
and VUioiu of Arur Ecaw, p. 1 ). I 'i*iinh«'' 
rited by his father, Evans was bound apprvn- 
tice to a tailor, first at (.'bester find altfTuardftl 
at Wn^xbam. In 102U be c«m« to Londoai 
t.i practice bis trade, and beard a i^nnon 
Bbickfrian in March 1633, which U'd himtt 
dii>ru>i-r bis own gif^ii of inlrrpnLal.i(jn 
proiibecy. He began at once to ece vtsioE 
and Trveal thvm ; wami*d ibo king of tbv iJr 
etrtiction which wan coming on the kingdom* 
and declared to the Earl of Essex thai \\\ 
shniild one day be general of all Englandf 
nnd execute justice upon the ooort {ih. pp. If 
"in, l^S). In ltI36 Evans married, but con- 
tinuing to prophtyiT was for thr»w jvarw im- 
prisoned, in IU43 hi disputed against lb» 
anabaptists, and three years later attaclti'd 
tho prtisbyteria&a. Throughoui, he cays, h<' 
nmintainnl the church of England to be iht 
tnm church. Tbomas Edwurd^^ n-fi-re to hie 
in bid 'Oiuigm-na,' and cln*i)-s him with the _ 
independents, but the indepiMidenta them-' 
solves considered Evans as a decoy w>nl to 
catch them, and tried to keep him from tbeii 
ass«mblie8 {(MnprtFtia, ii. 173; Ifnrratia"^ 
pp. 53- tt). In Hi47 Er&ne traa nrresled i 
thechargi? that be bad declared himself to I 
Christ, and was for some time ttnp^Mm<^d 
Nuw^te (A'orrafiVn, pp.W 71). Aftor ibc 
exerulion of Charles I helit^ame nn' ■ i ■ 
publishing pamphlets urging the •■ 
of CbaHt* TL Dirvctly Iht- arm\ , ■ 
the narlianienr bep>f>lil ioned Cromwell • tn pel 
up the kinf!' upon his throne' (IB May Hh'i3J(| 
and his hcild iitteraBCes and confident aniici 
patioas of n restoralioa &1I the nevrs-lettvi 



Evans 



71 



Evans 



JifiW ( Cai. CUfrfH-ion Paprrf, li. iKM, 

All unectloto of uti iuttTviL-w \x- 

Wk-ch Croiawell and Kvun^ is givun in tliu 

iFuitlii'ul Scout,' l'l-« Si'i(l. IO06. All 

count of htm is slso given in iha * XjvtXen 

llttbert IjovctIiit.' ^W•J, p. 172. Rttlwerti 

sdthi' Itcstoration Kvanspiihlish<\itbe 

inc tnii'lx: 1. 'A Vciice Iri^m Ili'iivvn 

C'ouimi'>nwr«llh of Knglnnd,* Iti&J, 

' An Eclio to the Voiw from llfflven, oc 

Xu-rxtioii of lfac> l.ifo, CaUiiic;. and Visions 

nf ArL-^' ICvans.'lrtM. H. 'The Bloody Virion 

I, liTj Fftrley int«rprel«(j, ttwether with a 

'1 nof.\.-<pintreU.' 4. ' Brief Dwcrip- 

_! . Fifib .Moiiiwhy; 1003. 6. 'The 

ViMCt- of Mifhavl llie ArcliinKei lo his Iligh- 

tv*i the Lord Prulcc-lur,' 1054. 0. 'Thu 

ttMcvi of King dinrlcit 1 1«? Fnlhrr, to IJharlea 

Son,' 1055. 7. ■ Light for the Jews, or 

Iir .Mirjinn to Convert t.bt>ni,in un^wi.-r (■> thr 

' Hope at iRruel," bv ManaMiilh Rfn Untel,' 

lecVI. a 'A Hule from ilenven,' IOo!l. 

Tbe date of the d'_4kth of Kvana i« unovr- 

H« survived thi' llMtomiiuu, and waa 

bed hy Charlie II far thv Viag's t'TiI. 

MVf: '.\n*c Ki-ftna hud ■ fungous 

Mirl Miid it vnit n^vr<nled to hitn that 

;'i bond would cure him, and at tbo 

oconine i)f Kin^ disrlrx II inli) Ht. 

»'« Vmn he liifeM thi' kin^n hand, and 

Libbod hu iio«« with it, which disliirb«d tbo 

Z, bat eitred him' {Aluceiianu^, ed. 1^7, 

.!i.'.iil,-T :vcoitntof ETaav'sinM !egin>nb 
' 'h«riaia Baaliean. IdM, p. 162. 

I14M Ih* protibccMS ol Evnti* in 

Aa AMwaJix In liook i. of Jortin'ii r^mnrkg uti 
SodoiiuUCttl History. <.-d. 17«7. i. 24».] 

C. H. I'. 

EVAK8, RICILUin (1764-1871), iwi^ 

• r und cjpj'irt, was for w)nn) years 

iiwt&tiuit toSirThomat Lawrcnc*, 

» liLJiu b<,' iHiint'^ddnwryand backffrouDds 

ad lOMiie nplicua of hi« work*. He also 

"<iLncr>'aahandolheranist«. Uu 

r inimjyisim iii Itoini*, 0(>[>ying piC- 

. >lii' old inaHl«fN and painlins por- 

its. II<^ mW trivd bis baud at &««oo- 

;, End on quilting Itomu pivc ono of 

tompts in thnt lint' to tlie Kmint who 

out bie studio. V<%ni alWrwards bu 

irpriM'd to find this haii^png in South 

ton Mtu^um ns m g^iiuiuu antique 

gm a Umib in th? nKifthbourhijofl of 

In Iril4 he vuiilrd thv I»uvrw in 

ri*, and was ddp of ths fimt KngllHhrofin 

_ai[v t'l.-' jiirfiin- 'inm colk'cted there. 

' rim* at tJiw Hoyal 

'I.' a poiirait of Sir. 

I tile ivii'ituii:. liiid waft a fretjuent ex- 

' up tu lH&i), principsUy of ponrail*. 



lli» continued t'> paint up In thu ond of hislife, 
and t)nicute*i a birgi! picture of 'Thin Doath 
of .'KMuUpiua ' whc-n oTer 85 yews of aff& 
He died at boothaBipton,wbf n^ h« had rveided 
for more than a. quarter of a oentury, in No- 
vrinlwr 1871, sRed 8". Evans ti&d great 
powers of memory, And lutd many ftoecwitea 
of Lawnmce uud other famous artists. His 
ext«naive knowlulge of art was of o^rest am 
to the foundprs of thu Origimil School at 
Dwign at Somerset Ilous-; iti 1837. During 
his rti^idfincat Homt- ho made n collection of 
casts from luittqut; btatuur^', somu of wUicb 
ho presentisl to the llartlev "lustJtule, SJouth- 
amptoti. The copies of the Ilaphael arobtwijues 
which are in tht; Soulh KciwLnkfliin Mmuiim 
arv hj- Evaiifi. In the Nalional rortrait Gal- 
!pr)-thi!n- aru by him purtraita of Sir Thomas 
Lawrence (from a picluTO by bimaelf), Lord 
Thiirlow (from a pietiin' by Lawrence), and 
Thomas Taylor, tbo PUtonjst. 

[Art Joarual, 1872, p. 7S ; IUdgn?t's DicU of 
ArtiKa: Omreii'i Diet, of AitiAa, 17(M>-16W; 
CalalofillM of Boyal AcadBiny, Jkts,] L. C. 

EVANS, ROIIKRT irAtlDrXG C177fU 
l8G7),bool»ellor and auctioneer, born in 1778, 
waa the AOQ of Thoma-t Kviins ( 1742-1784) 
[q. v.] After an education at Wesiminater 
School he waa apprenticed loThomusl'avaet^ 
the Mewe Gate.and suoccedod to the biiKinvsa 
of James Edwards ( 17fi7-18l6) [q. ».], hoiik- 
ih'lk^r in Pull MnJI, which Kvaus cimiinued 
until 1812. In thiit ycur he conimcnc^-d a lunj; 
and Hiir(»?ssftil career aa auctionivr with the 
iialeof thv DukvofBoxbu^he's library (I>ib- 
Dis, liibUograyhieal Dff/tm/nm, iii. 4&-6H). 
Amonj; other famous libraries dispersed by 
him wore tboM of C>>IoD>el Stanley (1^13), 
Stnnewhy Alchomc (18I3), John Townuley 
(HI4), and James li^warcfsdHlf)), the l>ukQ 
of IVvon*hiroV duplicat«s ( 1 Nioi, the Unke of 
tirafton'H libr&iy (l^^l'ili the vollnm-priutcd 

booksof Field-miirshal Junot(Wl'V'i"'"* •'"' 
Uorromvo cuUecliuj] of nuvel^ and tomatices 
(^1817). He nl«> nold tUv. Wbitw Kiiiijhi* 
hbraiy, those of Bindley, Dent, Hibbi>Tt| 
North, and some portiotks of Ileber's ( IKJO). 
Bctwiwn 1S12 and 1*17 the chief librarieg 
Hold in Kiigland went through bis hands. 
U is own nuirkcd set of catalogues ia now in 
the Uritith Mu«cum. FMnaaiug on excel- 
lent memonr and rich store of information, 
ho was in tfui bahit of disoonning upon tlKi 
books passiutt undnr bis tiammer. Hia «x- 
pertneas as an auctionoer was not aaniatad by 
ordinary bu8>nr«s qunlilics, and be fell toto 
neeuniary emharrB-isment. Wheti r«-C8t«- 
bliahed as a booki>eller in Bond Street, in 
partnership wilh bis two #ons, ho was again 
unfortunate. He was a fervid politician, and 



^E3Sm 



!,vans 



7* 



ivans 



to'.ik a RTMit iiit«r«At la tli« bistonr of the 
whig panj-. A portrait t-ngnred bv Fwo- 1 
man. aft«r B^iaev, is giv«n by Uibtlia (it. 
iii. 61). 

lie died ia Edward 8trwt, JTmnpttiinl 
Iload, London, on 'J') April 1W)7, in hU 
uiglitiutU rear, llie wiJow, Susanos, died 
iu m«tul'onl licud, Fulliam, on 31 Jan. 1861, 
aged 80. 

Son* worlu bear bis imprint as pablisber. 
Thfi fcJIowinfi were -writtftn or edited by 
bim : 1. ' Diebop Buri)t.>l'H llitttoiy of bis own 
Time," lx.ndon, IWW, 4 voU. Rvo. 2. • nak- 
Iuti'h CoUocUwo of Ilio Eurly Voyagi*. Tra- 
v^H, and Diiwnvennt of thn KnglUh Nation. 
A aew eiUtion, wilb additiuus,' Londou, 
1800-12, 5 TOl«. 4U> (iwrt of Lhc fourth t»- 
Inno and th« wbo]fl ot Ibe fillb an: addtnl iu 
tblaGdition). 8. ' Ehuj h od Song-writ.ing, 
witb a Collectirtn of siich Koglii>b Songs as 
arv xatMl etuiuejit fi>r Poetical Merit. By 
Jobn Aikin. A nuw edition, wilb additions 
and corroctioiu, and a Supplvm«tit,' Lon- 
don, IKIO, ftm. «vc.. 4. 'Uld ItalMa, by 
TbotnasEranH, A now L-dition.reviAod and 
cunsidurHblv ■.■nlnrgnd fniin Public and Pri- 
vftle Colh^lionii, by his Son,' London, 1810, 
4 Tole. sm. 5vo. 6- '.Six I^ttiTs cif PiiUicoia 
on tbc Libcrtv of tbt' Subject and the Privi- 
liwea of ib*i llouso of CommoDs, cri^ually 
niA>liflli«d in tbc " Timo*.'' now collpctvd ami 
iIlustratL^d,' London, ItilO, (ivo (aiioiiymoub). 
ft. ' A IjmIIw on tbo Ecpt'dioocy of a. Ut-form 
in Parliami-iit, uddrvtOfd to Lord Krekine,' 
Ixiiidon, 1 817, 8vo (tliia aiid No. 6 are pam- 
pblete). 7. * Euripidii) O^wrn, (ir. Hi Lat.,' 
QIaxguw, 1821, a vol*. 8vo (Evana belped 
.\. and J. M. Duncan in iircmrinp tliis edi- 
tion). H, ' IliHtorieul and iVscriptive Ac- 
count of the ( ;iiri(Mtures of Jauits tUlIray,' 
I^ndon, 1651, 8to (wriUen witb Thuiuuj 
Wri^rbt). 

[Memoir in (Jfnt, Mtig. June 1857. 3nl ser. 
ii.734-S.i^printcdii)NicliuU'tillhiiitr.viii.Q20-7. 
Sob alw DibdinV Dibl. Dcuini. 1817, \'A. iii.; 
^bliomania, 181:^, irol. ii. ; and Libmrv Com- 
panion, 1824.J H.kT. 

EVANS. ROBERT ^\TLSON (1789- 
IHtiti), arcbdeaoon of Westmoreland and an- 
ther, eeuoud sou of Jobn Eran-s M.I>., of 
LlwyuygT0e«,oearO8weatrT, hv bis wife. Jane 
Wilson. He was bom at tlxi CouncU Uotuw, 
Sbrewebury, 90 Aug. 17H9, and was edu- 
cated under I>r. Butler a! SbrewnburyScbooI, 
irbeoce he nrcicoi'd'Hl (o Trinity CoIletttiOam- 
bridge, in ISO". Therp be becamo (wvenib 
wrancter, s«cond cbancellor's medalliM, and 
B.A. 1811, M.A.ISIJ, and 1U).1»I2. Jfannff 
obtained a fellowship in 181^, be was elected 
T^*^«'«'' tutor of bi» coUoge in the following 



year, baving ibr collmgiw Oeorgw P'-ni-M-k^ 
aftonrarda dean of HHy, In I83a b!» lonn- 
nuut^r. Dr. Butlvr, thttn bttLliop of Liclitinlc 
made bim bis I'xamining chaplain, and col 
Inti'd him la thv vicnra^'^ of Tarvin, Che«birv,^ 
Here he found parinh work in ubnndanrc, tU 
experience of which ia \p\Vii\ iu hia ' Ri^boprM 
ofSouljt.' IuIK41!bL-ucci'|jtMlfnitu IilscoIIO)^ 
tbe vicarage of Heverabam, a plate witbiu i 
tnominfcdriveof the finest of tne Westmor 
land scmery. One of hia firat acta wiu in 
bnild a new vicamgu botuo on tbu aboul'lur* 
of llevcrsbttm Ilt^ad, a spot from wbicb " 
couiiiiunded a mcwt extensiTc vit-w. VLv wn 
nppoiut«Hl arnhdr-acon of Wentuioreland 
Itwtt, and after holding tbe arcbdeaoonry 
tJii> gn*nt Miiafaction of the clergy and lait 
of the diMrirt, nwigned it in Jttnuarv 18>l~ 
on account of bia advancing Tears, il? di> 
nl HGTcrabam ricarago 10 March 1S<W. II 
waalhcaulhor of: 1. ' A Cuurte of St-nnr-tu 
preached before the I'niversityof Cainbridpi|! 
lytfO. -2. ' TL^' Kwtorv of Vulybvad,* I8OOI 
12lh edition lr4i .'{. 'Tbe Chorcb of God^^ 
in a Bi>rio« of Sermons,' 1832. 4. *ASef 
»t thii Ci>n»Kcmtion of tbv Bi»hop of Licli 
field and CoTpntry.'lftSfi. fi. *ASermoBi 
the Otdination beld by the Itisbop of Licli 
tii^ld.' is:t8. r;. * Hvmnft for the ObriariailJ 
Workman,' 1810. 7*. ' Tales of tbe 
British Church.' 1840; 3rd edition 
a, *AnAppL-al against tbo (.'nionoftt 
ceseaofUaagorandSt. ABaph,"lH4a. ». 'Ti 
Biehopricof 8ouV 1843; Otb t-dilion 1871 
10. ' \ Sermon,' IB12. 11. ' A lUy iu tl 
.Saticluar^-, witb a Trt^tiitij on llymnologyj 
1843. I'j. 'Parocbiiil S.!nii.>uV voluraw 
l»4+-5.'i. \A. ' ('onaideratinn on the Scrip-1 
lurid Practice of Church CoUwtione,* 1&*7. 
14. ' 'Uu- Minirtryofthw Bodv/ 1847. 16. ■ A_ 
Visitation Sermon,' 1840. ' 16. • Par 
S1<L>tclies,' in rerae, 1860. 17. ' A TrwaliMi \ 
Verwfication,' 1662. 18. 'An Ejcborutk 
to tbe Lord's IMy,' l^&S. 18. * CbaraM <' 
liTt'rcdtothoCk'rgyon\''Mtmorelftnd, 2vot« 
1850, 18G7. 3tt 'Si-lf-E.iaminaiiou ai 
Proof,' a sermon, 1856. 21. ' Daily IlTmin 
1800. 23.'KugbuidundurOod,'ltHlL>. ^9.-. 
S(>nTtnii On l>eatli of the I*rince Consort*^ 
l^tJ:!. Ho also wrote tive volumes in ll 
oKries linown na ' Th*? I'hrological Library^ 
namely, ruls. vii. xii. and xvi., 'Scripiai 
Biographv,' I834,and vols. xir. and xv., * Di< 
gnphy oi the liorly Church,' 1836, 

rOuatdiaii, 14 »srdi 18S6,p.27a; 
Jiuiel8C«,n'-OO1>'10: Church of Ebij^ 
gmphic Portrait Gallery, IMiB. poRrnit 1 
nioir with purtmil in I}ih BisliuprtcoCr 
K. llickmrWMh, 18TJ, pp. T-xi»; Wv9t 
Gaxottv and K«adal Aunrtisor, 17 S^Aroh If 
p. o] G. C, B. 



EVANS; TTIEOPHILrS (10W-I707>, 

., ii^inf, bf'm in IfflU, ih-at Ntfwciwlje tjiilju, 

CtnriKrthi-niljirr.-n-asiht^ Itflb euq of Clurlta 

Evkns ofl't^ny WenAll.CftTdiKiuistiinv He 

W** pn.'hoWT ('diwalr-d at PbR'WBburr ; Iw 

mm* <inliiin«l (li*mi'on in I'lH, Wid yrtrM in 

|17ltt,br('i i' >f Hi. Ihivid'o. Ilfviia 

rifOMtir < 1 litOwynsof Cturth. In 

U-^ tkf lk>.:i<<[< 111 .-nl. I>liVld'a ^V6 him tlw 

niall r>«torT of Llanrnii*, Brvdnioeklhire, 

tliicli hv nwi|pi»(liu 173tii>nbeitiffpre«Mitm) 

illii- Ti-ctonrof LUoguninKrch. Froinl730 

till his il<-<Dlb be bi'M tuv liTtng uf ^^t. David'* 

in LlBufiu-si. In I7li.'{ lui nisigned Llanf^m- 

-nuth I o Ilia wn-iD-luw, Uu^li Joik-». ii« 

~ rd ID 1707. 

[^TTJed .\1ice B4>Tiui, by wbom he bad 
iBod tiro dni^flilcTB. Una of Ibe 
I BiArriod Hii^b Jonea, and become 
'tnotbu' of Tli«opbiliui Jvitds, aulbor uf 
If hislorv of Bredcnoclubtrv. 
Evu«'eVork»»n: 1. 'l*wH ir«der,'1739. 
WrUh coniment on tbe Lofd'a Prayer in a 
cri'-^ of Hermunn ufUT tlic muiiiicr of Ulfbop 
Jbwkall. 2. ' Oriob y I'Hf ().yoedd," J7a9. 
Ia »T7 iM)pulu- book on Wf>bli antiqait iav, 
rUirU i» wiid to Imvc pui" ibmmib tliirty 
jtions, and wim Iriiiuljttod into English n» 
^'ViewtjflbL' l*riinilive Ag»*,' Ii i»iitfprly 
"Dnliislonciil, bc-^iiis from tbo Towwof Rnbel, 
■nd drchn.1t Artbur lo Iw as real as AJex- 

In>..i~- -'I 'Jiiatury of Modem KiithuAiitJttD, 
i.pjformalionI«Prc»i-niTim»,*l70J 
i,',. . .'. An nlliurk tition ' cntliuaiMts,' 

u 



Sflli-mivnurcliT tai-n, I-Vncb j>rvphut», inc- 
fthofliAl*, Sco. Kvane'» ^rrandixni Miy» that be 
\^n» tbr mildr-st and i<iinp)i<8l of tneji, oiid 
' im fritfudlv tvraa willi tbv di«Mnt«ra wbom 

be uuilMl tu Ibis l»x^k. 



[11i*o[ihilnfiJniiM'f HKtinrofBndoioekBhin^ 
pp, S74-J> : Lifs preOxcd tn PrimitiTa AgM.] 

HVAN8, THOMAS (rf. IflSS). port, wm 
Iii(*ati<d at Corpus OhhRli Collfgp, Ontn- 
idan, wlitfiv \iv f^d(inu-d B.A, in \<i\-2, 
JA-in 1010. nnd »,!>. in IfJ'i**. Ho wm 
pn-Mml'sl to the rectory of Liltli- Holland, 
fx, in I'M^, BDd held that Iwue&tw till bis 

lib in \ca:\. 

Ill* i« tlio author (if onv of ihcrar«»tpotiti- 

il workt in ttiit KnKliiihliinfriiagi'. It iKt^n- 

itleH 'tKdipiw: TliWf dmiiM-j*, \Vti.'t>'iii 

cmilaiucl: I. Tit» unfiirlunntK [nlJiiii-v. 

.lii> if^Lvrmbb' Actiriiui. li. Iliit lnnii>ntal>le 

By T. K. Itjwb! An. t'outnb.,' I^ird. 

_ i:Jmo. It i* Hvd>cat<-<l to John L'lii|b- 

ii'niu* of ihi* NIX clerks in cbotintry, and tti 

ph'liniinnrr ■iJJn^ 'saVnuriiiK luucb of 

\h'~ inrifmy,' ibii antuor wyit thiit ii is tii« 

-1, but not thi< bi>rt« uf all Ihn 

't 1 tktfn- is biiiiM laid up to eurich 



B Mtcond bm(Iuir,t'i kfi-tw it from lUMURtonud 
ditiitonwtv, wlii'n I shnll ptit it t« ifhift lolo 
the vrnrld; Vf^t if this pTOT<> a gnttf. tti the 
p«r»nt,l williiuitantly bt>di von: 't from TlialJa, 
and mak^' rnvf^ir biipiij tn llic proi^pray from 
a better fitocKo.' Eilcu caato contaius about 
«ix hundred liuM, rbyming alttimntely. aad 
eoiutitiiUQS flowing with «a«.-,but without any 
originality of inTtnlion. 

[Newroun's B«jjerturiuin, ii. 383; OoUiei'H 
ItftrMt Ifooka in tM Kngllah Laugun^e, i. 2ffO; 
C'oopor's Atheiue Ckatab. US.] T. 0. 

EVAU8. THOMAS (1742-1781). book- 
Heller, vriLR born in 1743 nnd «crvKd nn ap- 
prvnticeobip with L'harles Marnh of l^und 
Court And Charing Cross. He opened a shop 
in the Strand, where he publiehvd a quanut^ 
of work« on English Dteralure and anti- 
quities, getuirallf well printnl, and many 
cditMl byhimulf. To tlitoe Ih: pn-fixM dedi- 
uitioiift to frumda and patrotu, Qarrick, ICvy- 
noldj*, Sheridan, and othvm. His t-Jiit^'.f lit«^- 
rari.' nndflrtaking was an I'xct-llf^nt rallecUoa 
of old Iwllads, of which a third editioo was 
brought out byhin.u^n. In anadvArli^'inieat 
prefixed to Peck's' Utsiderala Curiosa'l 1779) 
nr dUhmiMi^d a proposal to rvpriiit Tanner's 
' Notitiu Mooasticn, atU-rwords publinhud by 
Dr. NoMiuth. He was u le^diDg membiT of 
the buokaullen' club in tliti Urui-iAu CotTeii- 
houM}, lo whiL-h Thiiuuii l>avi<M lI7l2f- 
17i*J>) [<i. r.] bfibingtd. Ho niuBi not be 
coafounaud with his bimiotivm who liad tbv 
acuffle with Oold:«Dilh, with whom ho tn» 
on bieudly terms. Etons collected the &ist 
London edition of the poet's writings. Ho 
waa fiill of humour and much aoufiht aftw 
for bis cotupaniooable qua]itie«. He died oa 
30 April 1784, leaving a widow and a son, 
fiobert Harding KTaiia [q. v.j 

The following are the works writtCTi or 
edited by him : 1. ' Potiuu by Mr. W. Shake- 
speare' [London, 1774], am. Svo. '2. 'A 
llislorv of Wulea by Curadoc of LbaumrviUL 
KnijIiHiiefl by Dr. I'nwrll,' l>in<!oti, 1774,t*vo. 
.1. ' Memoire of the Cardinal de lC«l<, trans- 
luted,' London, 1774, 4 vol«.(im.8vo. 4. 'Tb« 
Works of RIcbanI Savagn,' I^ndon. 1776, 
'2 ToU. sm. Hvo. 6. 'The Worku of Cinorgo 
Viilieni, I>uk(i of BuEi-kinirhivin/ljOndMn, 1 77S, 
2 voIb. sin. S\». H. ''l%f KucrliBb. Scotch, 
nnd lri*h Historical IiibrariM, by Bishop W. 
Nicolflon, a new edition,' Loudou, 1770, 4lo. 
7, ' A ^>V>niii lK.-cU ration of Air. Daniel 
Perreau fforpir*, written by himself/ Lon- 
don, 1770, Hvo. 8. ' IJe^idemta Curiojui, by 
Francis IVck, new edition,' l.ondon, 1779, 
3voLi.4lo. ». ' Poetical Works of .Matthew 
l»rior,'ljondon,177».2*-olf..Mvo, m.'Po-iical 
and Dramatic ^\'urka of l>. UoUUmitb,' Lou- 



doa, 17H0, 2toU em.F^To. U. * Old UaUBde. 
Ui»toric«] ftiitl Nftrrutivv, wiLli boidl- of Mo- 
dern I>ate, now Imt ooliecud nod Kprinted 
from Itare Cojmm and MSS., willi Note* by 
T. EviuiH,' London, 17S4, 2 -vols. sm. Svo 
(finit fditiuD, 1777, '2 vol*.; third edition, 
edit«d by K. U. Evans, 1 1*10, 4 toIk. em. 8vo). 
12. 'Th<j Wfirkji of Fnncis Rabelais, truw- 
lated,' London, 1 784, 4 vols. taa. 8to. 

[Menoir in GeaU Jiuf. 1|M, to), liv. pL. i. 
p. SVA, refrcducwl in Nicliok'* Lit. Aorod. vi. 
4U-6. Sm alM> ill. iii. 647 ; wd Forater'a lifo 
of 0. GoUsmtth. ]8«. ii. ISl, 387.] H. R.T. 

EVANS, TIIOrAS (:730~1«K1). book- 
bbIUt, wu Uiru in Wak*(i in 1739, and Ik^ihui 
lifi:! in Ijondon an a booki^lWii porter-witba 
William Johnetou of Ludgaie i<tnH>U By 
indu»trv mid ]>(-rwt Kraufi; be bwaiiut the 
publislierof tit- ' Morning Chronicle'as well 
118 Ibe' L'jndoii Packi't," in which was printed 
the iihjeclionnb1<^ liLU^r reflecting on Gold- 
amith und Mis* ilunieck, the 'Je«wmy bride,* 
niao days after tbo 6nt ri>pn>.M-ntution of 
* SU« eUKtps 14 conquvr' iji 177tJ. Uold- | 
■milh went 1o cane Krans in hi^ shop iu 
PuI^tuukut liuw, lut iLi' pureun roipunKiblo 
for the ju-tich:, unci KOl the wurst «f llie en- 
counter. Goldamitu was indicif^l for an a«- I 
vault, and coin[iromi»(-ii by jmyitiif 'lO/, tu a I 
"WeLah charity. Evans toot over theexteu- , 
»ivo business of Muwrs. IUw«,Clarkfl,&Cijl- 
lin», at \i>. 32 PaK-nioftlcr Kow. H<> retired 
somo years before Lis di>flth, and was of rough 
and Mc*ntric liabit«. Ih-- wa* wjiftraMxl from 
his wife owing lo her nirecnoii fur a gracc- 
loM aoD, and IcO. tliu bnlk of a large fortunu 
to wi old tiietid, ChristtipUcr iJrowti, fot^ 
mcrly aasbtaiit to Mr. I^nxman of l'at«r- 
Dofit<.-r Row. and fulhcr of the ThomoaBrovn 
•Aerwardt a mumbur of the famous flnu. 

Erana died 2 July LbOU at tiia lodgiuffs in 
CbapttfT litiuw Court, at Ibo Bg« of euty- 
(uur, af^er a xhort iUiit-«^. Ilirt only ton mar- 
ried in 1790 a dauRbtor of thu si'cond .iVrelu- 
bald Hamilton, ntii^ n im in bu>iiiu?«n fur hiin- 
aelf.but deaertudhiiifiiinily, went to Ammca, 
came beck, and died in poverty t'i^ht>:>en 
months Lcfon.' hid falhcr(XicitoLe, J^i'r.. 'I nn:('. 
V. 71:i). 

[idemoir in Gent. Uii^. July 1803, roL IxxUi. 
pt. ii. p. 499, rBprinted id .Sicholt's Lit. Aoecd. 
tii. 720-1. 8m also Bcewoll's Lifu of Johseon 
(O. D. lliU), ii. aOt»-iO ; J, Far»t<>r"8 Lift of O. 
Ooldemitli, I6Q'(, ii. 384-01 ; A. Aniivm'* Uhl. 
at Brilich Joarcalisa. 1869, 2 tuIe J U. R. T. 

EVANS, THOMAS (Toxos Oltit Cothi J 
(ITtk^-lbi:)^), Welah poet,»on of Evan and 
Ilannah Hvani, waa bom nt Capel 8t. Lilin, 
Carman benshirc, :>0 June 1766. Hie early 
educatiouwaaorthuscautivtitdewripliou,but 



ho waa ambil ions and penevertng. IIo wu I 
fortunate! in Dii-i>tjnv frivndx in uocxjiectDtlj 
quartf-Ts, and in getting plenty nf honkftwhritj 
wanted. Thepn-Tailin^'tliTOlogy intbeneigb- 
boarhowl wn* of the moat pronounccid C'«lvin^ 
istic t\-pe, and Evans, whUe yet very youngj 
became known aa a hcmtie, and wa« luck^f 
named * Little Priestley.' loord^^rlo wonbipl 
with friends of like setitimeQla wilb himwlfl 
he tucd to tralk tn Alltyplica, a distance of 
twelve mileit. \\'h<'ii he gtvw up htt bvgaa to 

ErcAcb ia hi? father's house, a port of whidi 
fi ^l licviuud fur tbL- puipoM. lu conise of 
time a cbapel wtiS built. H« waa puraonally 
much rMpected, but bid liberalism made htm 
nuifyKtUta hy goremtijeiil , 1 Ic Kpuke warmly 
and wrote largely. In 1707brt wai^at aNtcial 
meetinfT, and aung'bvreqiieat'a Welsh aong 
' On Liberti'.' On tfie information of a apy 
belonsing to his own cou^>gttlion bi* waa 
oppronondcd, tried, and sentenced by Judg« 
Llovd (o \x impritioni-d for two yean and lai 
.itaud iu Ilie nilliirv. t*nly one other persoD 
suffered iu thu pillory- in l\m pan of tba] 
country during Inw whole of tb>; eiglit««ntli1 
cnturv. Ho waA charged with .^in^n^ aa' 
Engliali song, the fourth stuusa of which nn _ 
thua— 

And wben apon the British alxtro 
Tha ibundennK Runa iif Franca idtall roar. 
Tile Gvurv-o nlmU trtinbliiig naad, 
r>r flee his quUtc land 
Willi t«rrur and appal. 
Dance CunDattnol, dance OanaagnoL 

He alwavs dtsniMd having aung this song; 
During hut iinprisanment nu met with gnat 
ityin|Kitliv. In 1811 hn became miuiMter of 
tlio Old Meeting IToiiae, Abcrdarp, when ha^ 
continued bdov«d and rvspected till his d«at' 
2(1 Jan. leas. 

HIa tirat pnblication watt probably a trans* 
latioR of Prieat lev's • Tnuintili of Troth, Iming 
an Account of tfco Trial of Elwall for put 
liabiug a book in Defence of tliv Unity i 
God,' 170Ji. Altogether ho publi«)i«d inor 
than twenty worka,moatorthemthe>ih^ic 
la 179.'* he issu.^d No,] of a quarterly ma^^ 
zine, 'The MJM.'cLluneoua l£ui'V»itori ,' whieli< 
bad to W ilijw.ontiiiuivl i«-ith No. ii for wont 
nf sufRcieni supixirt. In 1809 ho putiUabed 
an EnRlisli-WelsIi dictionary (4tiO pp.),com^^ 
piled wliitc in prison ; in 1811 a hyuin-lwilf^ 
of a hundred hymns (104 jip. ), all origituil. 
ac^nd edition appeared in 1(S23. 

JUemoir ia Gardd Abeid&r. btrlns th* IQi 
dfodTrantaetiooaof 1863; Fonlkes'sCiirirlyfr 
Bywgnfliadot.] H.i.J. 

EVANS, THOMAS rTstir^too) (If 
lAiV)), Welsh poet, «m of s sliip-carpenl* 
waa bom at CsnLgan in ISIO. ]li« 



:vans 



75 



Evans 



» 




Klaii, 



frdncation ms -rvrj rudinnMitarr, Ai llic 
■!.'■- lif F-lrTcn hi" w«> ojijin^iiticri! wt Itoanl 
. umall trading vessels that visilecl 

1 IPWD. IIU llva^^H!nt wan tin bad 

tliBi lie di.-t^rm'medl to nin awnv. II<^ Wflnt to 
Abf-nUre, iiii<i worked in n coaJ-inini>. From 
m> he •■•ut a lellpr to lii* inotlK-r. wriM.^n 
\avc (his fintt Btli:>ropc), nppnsin^ her of 
'h«nMtl»uts. Wbeti uboul GflMn hu 
hill leisure hours to muAic, and ot- 
tiiciiil puhliL' utti-ntiun u* b i«iiitf«!r. ^loHlv 
kfti^r tliM li>-<-oui|w-ti^)siiri'«S(trmtyat a annul 
I ' ' ' 1. held III tiro chai.'cl whi-rx- be "6* 
1. , fur til" b<r*l, [Miein (m 'llumilily.' 

>.<iiight hiin into jmblic nulici!, and 
brth hie duiik* wua cniiHtnnllv in tli>' 
iwipcrs and in connection with eislfldd- 
, where he won no ft-wt-r tli>n tw<<nly 
All this time Iw worki-d iw n com- 
.m collier. His liwi ai^t v«ini were eppnt 
omistAul battle tirst. with d\-sprp«iii, and 
iro villi cKHUumption. Ue *li«il -'U April 

IBiifi. 

Hit poems wen chamctcrised by imlho^ 

III plroMntry, an J hiwl a i-Unrm LhuLalwiivii 

^^oo^lll^^_vmpn, Hiapre^lical worts 

fled and arT8i>jj'.'':i by Diifydd M<ir- 

jwy.uud publlslurd in 1 iSefi/smnil Hvn(y24 

ii), with » brief tuemoir &oin the jipu of 

r. llovel Williams. <r)ght hiindn.xl copit-s 

ring bwm suhiM;nl>cd fur bcfurehaud. 

[Mvoioir ■■ aloTc] B. J. J. 

EVANS, THOMAS SIMEON (1777- 

:^l$i, matbi'TnitlirlBii, cidcet »an of ihu li^-r. 
U Evan* ( 17.Vi-lHi7) [a. v. J, by hid wife, 
EtCorroan, tna baptiaed m Au^'ust 1777. 
naniMl aftvr Thoma« Simgiwn, liio 
TUBlhcmnlirian. In or alMiot 1797 lie ap|iean< 
hntn taken chu^ge of a private otwer^'a- 
at lJlackh(«tJi bolon(pn)f 1o William 
" as, fomiL'rlT ncconntantijpneml to the 
lia Companr at Benoral. After the 
__ iof Ltfklna, vV April l^ (Omt.Mag. 
nl. )\\. pt. i. I^ ^^'l, he was taken on as 
nuUtniit by Nerd Moakplyno [q. r.] at 
KoviJ Ol«irvatory, Unieuwicli, but rc- 
jivl 'thi< |)n»i. ill IbU'i. In that yc»r, or 
) in 1M03, 1m3 was appolntod oiatlH'- 
inMti*r inider liin fetluT nl the Koynl 
iry AcadoiuT, Woolwich. Ilcrehecon- 
r<i unlJI iHlU, when he accepted the ^ 
ahip of the tnal bi^Rini ical Rohool nl 
'Wrllon, near \\ i/ulwich, wliich office 
led in 18J3 to bci-Kiiim ni(i.»UT of lh» 
itica bt Chriit's iloitpiial, Loodou. 
lainmenta won for him the tiegrt^ of 
TXT* I frmn what iinivi'mty i* not known] 
Ml! '.li' fi Ilowabip of Ihe Liiilieali Sociely. 
-;i <»ct. 1(^18, offi-d 41 (I*, vol. 
^ir. ii, p. 47ri), It}- hi« niarrtogo in j 





1797 to Dvburuli, daught'.^r of John MomaII 

, of Aaliford, Kent, he had fivn childron: 
I Tliomas Simpfton Erana (17t»S-l^)), rioar 
I of Hi. Lwoniinrsi.Slinrwlitch; Aapnsiu Etoiw 
(171*9-1876), iL spinfiter; TI«^htrl Xoniua 
Evans, M.ll. (160^-H*/"), a ^at book col- 
Icctjjr; Arthur Boiioni F)vnnit(<f. 1838); nod 
Luwis ETftua (I81G ISCy), head-master of 
8Andb«ch Fr^'o (Jruoimur School, <.!he»hire. 
Rvans l«ft it cotnploicd translation of An- 
tonio Caj^ioli'a ' Trigonomeiria piana e t&^ 
rica,' besides other tmnt^lations fram foreign 
itcienlific works and a vast coLIbclion of ud- 
tinishixl ptipent in aeveral bronchea of nhUo* 
tiophr. jIi! abo contributed ctitneorticiee to 
tbii * t'hiln^tipliirai Miignxiit<-.' among' which 
may ho mentioned 'Problems on the Reduo* 
tion of .Vjicles' (vol, xxviii.); 'An Abndff- 
mint of ino Life of JuUcn I* Koy, ine 
Wfiichniaker, by hia Son* (ynl, xxii.') ; 'A 
Short Account of th* Improvements graAu- 
ally uiadu in dvtvruiiuinif ihi* A^tronoiuie 
Itefraction' (vol. xxxvi.); ' Uistorical 4I»- 
muniuda r('6pe[!tii]),'K\iH.-ri[ni-<nl^int4!ndi.'dto 
! HJtcerLiiiTi th« Caloritic Piiwentyfth'" dilfrrent 
Prismatir Rays' (vol. slv.); '()n thf Lawa 
iif Ti-iT«»trijil Maf^ietUm in difTi-n'nt Lati- 
tiitifta' (vol. xlix.) Hia library wa.^ con- 
sidered one of the mott valuable collections 
of mnth«mAtical nnd philosophical work* in 
the kingdom. 

[Information from Ji>!ia Evaa*, «(),, F.RA; 
lloval KalemJars ; Foutec's Alumni Oxou. (1715- 
I8SiI),fiub vocf'.l O. G. 

EVAN3, WILLIAM (rf. ITOO?). presbf- 

t^rian divine, wiia nducatM at th? r.Olli?frv at 
Vstradwaltor. iht-n under the pr«idenoy of 
ibp Itcv. licM I'rylliercli. He was ordained 
at IVncwUr, niiir Camwrthea, in ll)88, and 
continued pastor there for fifteen rean. In 
MOA lie removed to Carmarthen to become 
pastor of thi.' pre»byteriAii coQgT«g*tion. nnd 
received in hi* hotik- iitudeuta for the chris- 
tian ministn', He hoe be«n rcgard*;d ae the 
founder of tin* Welsh Academv, fnua ihrt 
fact that tbo educAlion of divinity sludentA 
firdt axxuniod iind«'r him a colU-triat" fomi, 
lie was pat ronUi^l both by the I^ntlon funds 
and by the liberality of wealthy dissentefi. 
Dr. I>nniitl William* h^quri^athcd a sum of 
money towards his support, nnd this has been 
continued to his aucccMors to this day. Uo 
is wid to bare bi«n a man of »upiirior at- 
tainmenta ns a scholar and divine, and to Iiavn 
duvoled hitnvdf with (^'tt diltfrencc nnd 
exemplary furtitiulM lo th» diaohargv of bis 
pmfeasional duties in circumslAlMM of difll- 
culty and danger. }Ii} is siipposed to bare 
diftcontinued his Inboura in lylB, aihl be died 
in 17W, 



'J£M 



'*^~'- 



In 1707 hf mil>!i>ih-^l in W«biIi*Tlie I'rin- 
cipW of ilip OlirisTiai) Religinn,' based nppA- 
rcntly on lUe me»«inb)y« cntcchimn ; in 1* I* 
he publi»lii.tl find nTot<> & pr>^fiu?4) fnr* Opmnieu 
Dueiliiiieb ' {' Gems of AV iedom '), ■ vt-ry in- 
lerestinff work by lii« olil tutOiT, R I'tythr-reh ; 
ID 171 7li(' wrote a long preface lo tii^ friend 
luid lu-tgbbour In^ ub Dewi's IrKn^bitiui) nf 
Maithew HunryV'L'il-iKhieiD;' in 175" Abel 
Mur^o publiiibtisj Kvani's 'HrincipWof ibe 
UliriHlian Keligion,' which bo boa udapti'd 
eo an to teach Htlult buptum. 

[Dr. ThnniBii Rau'a Hint, of CftrmiLrUMB Col- 
in^, in Dr. |lciinr«Uutt, ininAclufilCocdiiioa; 
BowIandN']! t 'iiinbriiin Bihliogmiifaj.] R. J. J. 

EVANS, WILMAM (rf. 177rtP). Welah 
UxioogTspb«r, was eduMted at CjirmiirtJii^n 
C^Imo under Or. Jenkins, 1767-72. IIi^ n-as 
probably boru in OarmBrtheusbire. His chief 
claim to notice is bused on his Kii^lUb- 
Wclab dietioiiurv, ojiBpiK-d while by was a 
student luul piibliaht'd in 1771. A sfcnnd 
«dttiim ni)ncurv_-d in IdVJ. Tlie ^reiit<-et living 
Wt'lah bibliiigniitlH'r, ibe R«v. I). S, Lvaiis, 
B.l»,, deAcribea it nn avery MspcctHblo work. 
He was for somu yuare pn^tor of tlir iirw-bj- 
terian concmgntinn at Sberbonii*, but re- 
moved, owing to decUaiiij^ bealtli, lo taku 
cbaTsw of a congregation at. MoKtoii I Inmrv- 
Stw^ Drvooahire, in l77U,biitwa9 only able 
to rt-rain il a few weeks, and probably dii^d 
diorlly after. 

[Chriftinti ItvformcT. ISSH, p. A62, 1847. p. 
«31 ; Yr Ymoiynjiid. 1888.] R. J. J. 

•capo-viLiatvr, u>uaily known an ■ Kvntiji of 
Jtristol,' in order to diriiDiruioh bun from 
William Krnne of Bton [a. v.', was an asM- 
cialv iniimbiTof tin- Old bocietv of Paintvrs 
in WttteiwMlourB, and a nalire of North 
WiUos. ^Vi£hill^ to perfi'ct liis art by tbo 
ttudy of natum alone, ami to fivi* himwflf 
from the inAiiL'ucu of schools or individuiiU, 
Ktiin* itiiulr biniM If a bnini* for many y"»r»i 
ia the ocntre of a {rrand goi!^> of mriuricaln 
s<:«iiery in North waW, at a faiii) calle<l 
Tyn-y-Cnr.in a Inrpc park attbr jiinrri'Hi of 
U)0 fiwldr with Ihw Conway. Iiimv be was 
ftblr- lo cultivate a natnral impulHr tor ori)^- 
nnlily and f^ndtur in thv oonflIunt<^'onU-in- 
plationof nalitriMn iw>meof il.^ wildirsi formt, 
uid he pnidiippd Bomo fine work?, notably 
'Troth Mawr;'bis trv«tna«>nt of tin.' moun- 
tain tom-nlA and the ootta^ seenrrr of thn 
DeiKbhonrhood was also letDsrkabK After 
18fS:i Kvans visitc<l Italy, spending lb*- winl>T 
■oocfMively ni Uenoa, liome, and Naples, 
•Jid he collwNvl n It luorous material* forwork- 
tng up into laudscnpM of a very dttilTunt cha- 



racter from hia earlier productions Uitfortii. 
iiately bia vmk w&b duI hImti by illii>:R>, and 
lilt dii-d in Maryli'bonRlCoail, London, 7 
ISSf*, Bp^l f.)riy-nine, acconliiijr to Bona . 
COuntJ!, thotigb b<< M nxiatly mutrd U> liah-«^ 
be^n Utrn in 1>4II. Tht^re U a tine water- 
colour drawinR by him in the print room at 
the Briti»li Muitrum. 

[Redpava'n Tirt. of Artiala; OiLlayVWel- of 
RMRnL nnd luring I'nintcn ; Bryiin'ti Did. of 
PaiiiWn and EDgrervTV, ed. R. K. Oram; 
Oeat. ting. (iSfiV) 3id Mr. vi. 106.] L. C. 

EVANS. WILLlAM(17»^ia77>,wfttci^ 
colour painttfr,bom at Eton on 4 T)tc. 171 
ira«fonor:S«MrLLl'>AX<>,alandscBiH>pniutfi 
of repute, who ori^finally lired in Flmtihii: 
but ifubcvquvutl V cami< from Walus and svlllt 
at Wimltor. Hem hn was wiect^d to 
drswing to the daugblerM of <A>or^ III, i 
viruntuiuLy b«Catiui Urawing-makti^r at. E 
College, where he settlod. Theva are fomal 
views of North WbW and Windrar by him, 
which have bt-t-n i^pawd. Ho U"fl 
about 1^14 for I>roxl'<jrd, Uampshiru, w1 
L« d'tvti about IfiSb. 

Willi^im Evan^wM appolnttid by ttr. Keati 
drawin^nuuter iu bis ^ther'a place in D^l&l 
Ilowasedocatwl at Kton.nnd bad orit^in&Uy 
•tudiod mndicino, but nvfuluallr tum*<d 
art, and became a pupil of Williiim Cnllti 
Il-A. [q. v.^ Ik' »-«» ■•Itx-tt'd an oMorialv 
th« ((Id I^i^^tY of PainttTs in Waier-coloilf 
on 1 1 Feb. 11^^, in which yeiar be i 
drawing of Wind»or, Eton, Thtntes 
men, iWmouth, and Llauberis,aiid on '. 
I88U he was eWted a niuniber of the society 
He cont.tnui'd tobv acon^taui coniributjiri 
their exhibit tons. iiiAurt wa# not marked I 
any jt^eat origiaiility, but had much vigat 
aud brilliuncv ubwiil it. Hi' inadu some ' 
drawinga of the Klon ' Montem,' whirb we 
engraved, and aru nuw in tUc possi-w-ion 
Ijord [tniybrooko. KvanN contintM-il lotr 
drawing ar. Eton until I8:i7, wlieo bia wii 
died, and he tnad^ up hia mind to movn 
I^ndon, At that liiu*> thi; oppiilaas at Kt 
Hiill continued to be lodged in faooMS ' 
by ladies, known as 'damtw,' a dTMcm wl 
w«» in gr«at newd of reform, and which pis 
tbaboyfl under little or no<>ontrol. It beb 
Ur. llawtruy'a wiah to ptucv ibv biHiixL 
h<iii!W« undvr tb« charge of xat'Jt (■nnncclf 
with the work of tbeschool-the Kev. llioni 
CarK'r, the Htsv. Edward Cob-rid^, and tl 
hoY. Oforge Selw'yii (aft-rwartlH biablip 
New Zealand) persnadetl Kvnni- to tnlie on 
of tbi'Hc Iiou^ta und retain bi:i former piinti 
ae drnwing>uia.4ter. Thi.4 Evaui> did in 1' 
working with gt^kt enetfr^, lie built tt 
huuM:, tho uamo of which iaUl coutiuuus 



p 

I 
I 



be ■ lioiiH>bol(] wortl ubiou)^ Klonians, and 
'.III? KtOli of (he present dav may be said, to 
» cvimin exivnt, tn<liit<- from tho con«liiution 
of l-;vaii»'« li(>ti*e. Aini(tijf iIih ma«t UBefid 
reforms int roducM.>d by him and S^lwva muy 
he itif^nnrw) llmt of ' p«iiitiii(;' in vn'tmiuiii^ 
abnjiaallnw«d togoiipon therivRrat 
EransditHl, ttfivrttoiuL'yt^aw' iU-h<^«ltli, 
sl "F.ton on \i'W VcArV i-vr-, IHr". H^ ms 
euec«><J«l ill tlir jMWt of dran'iru:-nini:ter to 
th* school by bis eon, Samuel T. 0. Kviiiw, 
also a nn'TOl<*-»' of the Society of Paimcrs in 
V at«r<-olouri,and lu tLeitmiiafceiuentof the 
boarding-tiouso by his dau^liter, Mist Jane 
Emu. 

[RedgraTe** DieL of ActUta; Otile;'* Diet, of 
B««'D|iui'lLaTin|t PainlMn; Art JoiiniaM878,p. 
7<t : infunitniion from 8. T. 0. Eraiu.] h, C. 

EVANS.PiRWn.U,\MT».\VlI><]7«7- 
18S1), liivryiT, iion of John Kviitia and Janet 
Butt(^rl)<--ld,waii born in Lundon i^i'tMnv 17117, 
Biul f^uciir>_-d at Harrow School. On ntUkin- 
in^ hit) 8txtiwiith vear li« wa« articU'd to a 
"Warrinifton Milicitor, in wboAe ^tli<^« he re- 
lieved tlte ttfdium of bu^nraa hotirv by court- 
isvthfl miiM>«. Hf wa« adtuittttl nn itttonii^y 
in Ft'bniarr KW, and be^an to procti»! at 
Lt^if^f in l-»ncjKhifw. Sion an^TwardH hu 
fntpn>d hia nam<> as a student of firay'a Inn. 
and in Fchniary 1791 wvs callpd to the bar, 
whou hi' ifiinfnl the norrh/m circuit, roftk up 
hia residence in LiTcrjK>i)I, and pnicli«K.>d there 
iat tewrnX yt-nni as a apt^Lal plcndrr and 
coDveyunc^r. Id )79(> bu pu)}Uitiii.<d hi# tir»l 
VDtk, an Milarf^ Million of ' Holktild'a Ke- 
ponV 3 %()1h. 8vo. (lis UL'xt work vfoe a 
toImiii'.' of K<u*ay« "O ihtf Action for Moiwy 
Vtii and received,' Ac, lauy, 8vo, t'ollowe^ 
in liWt b^'AOvoural Viiiwuf tht> Dwisioua 
of l.oni Alaunfii-ld in (?i¥il CViiiir'ji,'2 voliC-lto. 
In ISOJ b« prodiwfld ' A Tn>alisB on tho Law 
of OMi^jntiiinjtandConlnirt-ii.fniia the French 
(rfI*uthiF^,'2 voU. 8vo. Hf romovw) to Man- 
ffI»M>i*r in l-^U?, and there estabhshed a lu- 
entis ■) pwoiiw. Hii ' I^tt-r to Sir .S. It)- 
luiJIvon tbe ICf'viMQiinf th>>llsiikriipt L,aw«,' 
^ublifllictl in iHlU, bad frroat intliicnce on 
*uba^|ijcni h't^'ijIntioD. lloL'jldBlrun^f viuws 
in laYour of cathtdic en](inci|iiftI.i»o, nnd in 
181^ wrote »omc able ' Letter^ on the Uis- 
■hiUti<*>>>f til*? Itnninn (';(tl:rilir9 iind DisiiH'ri- 
li'iii.' On lb" firri »p[K>intmcnr of a slipp-n- 
diiry niapisirnte fur Maiichpster, in IHiy, 
l->an4 wa* otfc^-d imd aoccplwi the olliiM-. 
Two yemrs tat^r he wiii* apjxilnlfd vioe-ohui- 
roilnr of llio rotiniy polalinu of loncaster. 
Hr held tbt'wHilKi-i-nriineuiTi'JUly until 1818, 
«nd di>M!lt»r;t»l their dulWwith diKnilratui 
Impartiality. In ihcmiuniirDn ha nuhliithiM] : 
1. 'Ttw Fnctiou vS Um Court oi Common 




Pleas of Lancaster; LHI 4. L'. ' A Cltarge t9 
the tiriiiid Jury at I'ntMon." IJ^17. 3. 'An 
Address ou ili« Diwhareiiig the PriMnim 
appn-Lended on account of an iUi-gnl A*- 
setuUy at Mauche«lcr,' 1817. 4. *A Col- 
lection of Stntultu relalinK to tho Clrrffy, 
with Notes,' 1817. 5. ■ A Collection of the 
Slftfutnc coiiii«ct(?ii Tvitli tbw gcntjrul Ad- 
ministrntinii of the Ijlv, Airnnf^cd accord- 
ing to tbH Order of ^juhjvcie. with Nolea/ 
Mniirhi-HftT, ]817, H voIk. Kvo ; a second 
edition nppeAn>d within a year, and 5iihBi>- 
i[iiently a third edition, continued to \iiS& 
by Hammond and Gmnp;or, wa;< iMuod. He 
collet^ted materialfl for oth^r worki<, but <Ii() 
not lin- to flnieh them. Sir C. IT. Cliambera'ii 
'Treetiaeon (heLuw of Landlord and Tenant' 
was compiled from his notes, and he It^fL in 
lutuiiucript a'LLfuofthL'CltauL'vltord'A^UHa- 
aeiiu,' which (JlmrteA Htitl-T madv un of in 
hia work on the enjoe subjiacL 

In 1817 ht! WMH uiuturci'^fol in an appli- 
cation for a racant jud^>Aliip, but i,wo yeart- 
lot'T llnj nKunlership of liombay, worth 
7,000/. a year, was conferral on hint, and at. 
the same time he received the honour oT 
knighthood. On ihd Trtj n^!' out Evans occu- 
pied himHell'on the oompoiiuon of * A Trua- 
tiwi uiion the Civil Law,' and be ori^nslcnl 
u weekly lit«rary publicalion for ihe umuse- 
ment of his fellow- voyngeni. Hn hi'^^iin his 
dutti-a in India with ^at promise- of <<urceaa,. 
hul in littln niortt ihnn finmsn munths after 
h'ls arrival he full & victim tn a cnmpliLiut of 
«(>ni>< ^atunding, no doobt a^n^'avatea by the 
climat.% dying on H IK-c. I^iil, in his fifty- 
fifth year. 

Ili'wnnman-if.'d iti ITWtoIIannah.dauffh- 
ttr of I'tirer Seaman of Warrington. She 
survived him tilt 1W"J. There is an cngrawd 
portrait of Evana by Scriven. executed dtortiy 
before hig ^oiiij; out lo llumbay. 

(Sicholion'a Memoini of flir W. 13. Kvnui^ 
WarringlOD, 184ft; Aililx>iJ«'s Diet, of AuthctSi 
MsucbeeterFree LibraryCat.] CL W. & 

EVAHS, WILLIAM EDWARDflBOl- 

1H<U), divine and natiiniliat.wnK lRimfiJuni> 
l&Ol ut t^hrvw^hnr^-. He inhc^rited a tanto 
for piirfry am! uutunil hittlury from hin father^ 
John KvaiiM. M.U., who Vhs a phvitioian iti 
that towii.nnilauthiirof s poem in fourbooka 
on lieeft (IflOfl-lS), His motlif-r was Jane 
Wilsoo. A brother, liobert AV'iUon Kvan» 
fq. v.], bcfiime aroJiiU-acon of We8imor«- 
land. J'rom Shrewiiburv School, thfiti ruled 
by Ih-. Hutli-r, Fvnnsgained a wholarshtpat 
dlarv Hall, ('anibridifc, whent he proo4xHle<1 
lo the decn-B of U.A. in l.S:i3 and -M.A. in 
1^:^<j. .\|UT lukin^ holy orders h« Wamo 
curate of Llauymynvcb, Shropelure, till lin 



:.vanson 



7« 



ti van son 



tnarrilgs to a coiuui, EliutKlIi Evans, whva 
b» Tnw preaent«d to Iho living of Cnttffirtn. 
MonlgDm^n'sliin;. T!iU,howoT*ir,hB resigned 
io onfor to V\v- nt Hurton Court, I^omimil^r, 
whirh hifi %vift* biul inliurJUMl, iiud lo linlJ th« 
sole clmrgw of lU" pnmh uf Monklnml. In 
1846 lu> wftB appointed prpbendory of Hcrv- 
lonl and prwWtorwf tlui <'»(liri!niL Aft-^r 
bolding Sf onlf tonii fnr ri|^hlpen yiyirs, in 1 Wo<) 
ETunsuLvi-jitrtl rln>Iivinpof SiRdkTwilbTib- 
berlon, McrefordBhire. In IWl ht. benunu 
canon of Tlcrafonl Catli^lml. Hifl hulth 
&il«d for ihc Inst two or tlirw) years ofhisliftf, 
and he diftl in the Close, Hrrefoni, 21 Nov. 
1860. 

RrKM posMMal ft tirdv apprchfiiKion of 
natural onjecU and bouutiuf, »oiiiv iril, anil 
a fair finiount of rrflins. He was an elo- 
quent uml eiT<*pl itp preacher, a farvfulBludfnt 
nf animsK espPciflMT of iMnl*. ami on fxra-l- 
lettE an;;!or. Tli* clisof work b ' The Sime nf 
th« Bird* ; or Aunlojii*'!! of Animul nnd Spi- 1 
litual Life.' 1845, 8vo, in which tin* hnbitjinr| 
birdfl are hUowh to l>o instinct with higher I 
Iwaonii. TliuN thfir ' rising and Mariner,' he j 
SWIM, is cmhlpmniiciil of ihi; • spirii ual liiifht.'* , 
of the rt-nuwed spirit.' TUp inlrodiiction Jis- 
plara muc>i olw^rvatinn, nn^ has hw-n nglilly 
call«^l 'foUof prttceandlii'!Hity;'lnit.lln! wr- 
ftifioalinu falls uliorr of liis aiin, although he 
flBntim';nlJi ore froniienllyeluvnltni.niid n tiiirn 
and r-'IiniiniB litrain of tlinupht i>vi'rTH'npne 
ppnadpB it. Thftwi.'nty-tm-nchfiptorsoiiour 
chinf wriK bi[\U dhow tin- ininutt- rart'fnlnfM 
and iiccnr-.«;v of Ei'aug'n powers of obwrva- 
tion. Bf«iili'» thiB he wivil* ■Sormnnft On 
Gratis,' • Family PniyvD','' First Uevolationa 
of God to Man' (Snttui>ii»), and a * I.fUtT to 
th<i rtinlinp 'of n>-peford] on Ilicwi-Mn l'.Au- 
cation,' l8W),wilh oni-or iwooccoHionaUer- 
mona, IJe left onf daughter and t hr^y sons, 
on« of whom is the preewit vicar of iluluivr. 
Herefordshire. 

(Athciueniit. IB Jnly 1846: Lnaid's Omdiiati 
<^inlat>r. [), 1*0 ; Oninkftird's Clerical Di»«ory, 
1860; iafonnatiun fcvrn bis »ou, tlm Itev. K. A. 
Ex-aii*.l M. 0. W. 

EVAN80N, EDWARD <1T3I-I8(V>), 
diviiH*. "nN* 'wm at "Warrington 31 April 
1731. Ilin anc-lp, John Evaneou, ni-tor of 
Miti.-liani,r?mTcy,e<lucalrdhim,andsiMit him 
to Emmanuel CoUcp-, Hambridpn, in 174fl. 
lie took ihfi di'grw^ of fi-A. 17J0, and -M.A. 
17S3. H« t.irtk onlerd, and became f nrale to 
hifl nnrle.who appan-otly kept a nchool. In 
1769 hf- bfcsmi- vjrnr of South Miinm», nrnr 
BamM, In 17tt!) Lonl-chuni%Ilor Camden 
gave him th" vicarmp" nf Tt'wktrwbury, at tha 
ntpif**! of John Dodd, 5I.P. for iV-wliny. 
Uurd introduced Evaaaon, ■» a uwmtmr of 



hia own colh>(rf, to \^ 
thrsUvn^lhof ilunl* 
alxo iht; piTpoMial curacy of 1 
cfialerahirr, and Jii .\ii)[it*t 177 
South Mimms for I^mfrdon inW(»rc'ej«*>r!ih 
Ilei*- EvHiiaoti Iwgiiii to nhow iiri'T-.riTn \t 
in(fs. Kftwrotftothe Anrhli 
bury (Corun'allis), who w«- 
oth<T di^iitariesof th'! rhiin.h,tjjiu; lohI* 
platini^mniechaQpe.^in thnlinirg^'. Evi 
hoped tbjit tlieNiceneand Athananiani 
would not be ri^taincd until hhi objpti 
(bent had been considered. ) Ii* LecK'-d t hi 
arrhbishopwouldehovrhim howtosuruounfJ 
hiBM.Tuplraifth'jy wiTcfiruundk'BS. Thfarri 
htflhnp ilirl not n-ply. Evanum adnptt^ tl 
iituTKy to his own opInion«, A «-■• 
thn lltiiiiiTTOction iin Kaf>u-r day - 
1771) pavB additional ofTi'm-e. an 
' cutiim wa»in9tltuteilby NeiMt llarsnl,! 
cl-'rk of TowWlmry, and othtn in the i 
I torycoiirt. EvansonptiUishi^fltionyt 
in I77y a pamphlet upon 'Tlio Doctrin 
Trinity and thi> Inooniiit ion of <jod.' (hu'i 
the witntiiuwj* fiidln? prtMiH'ni lou mnt>"! tlinf 
Eranson explained, on boiuf; r^pr 
rntainin^ tiia living, that hn ' hnii . 
the art of staninjr,' and tliat the carv ' ■■! , 
great school' hnd previ-nlod hjtn from pr 
parly cxaminin); hiN opintona until lie 
hxed in the ' WKTupt chorch." The case ■ 
hf^nrd before ihc Bishop of GlowwM<>r 
Itt Jan. I'T't. Some tii-haical otjitrLinc 
l«d to the failure of the pnia^culion; hut 
HppMtlg Wfr« madu to tbo court of nrrht-Jt, 
and nfterwanU to (he iN^urt of di'I<«^ 
Evan^mwoApoptiUrinthepamh. Thoj 
Hjul inhikhilnnlH of Tewkt«biiry a«h»w 
to pay hi.* fxpi-nm**, and thp [H'fiplr nf l.oni 
don L'spressMi their ivillinpiu;^^ id a<-c<-i>t htl 
allontionii of thw aervici'*, AVLHld»rrbiiniiT,| 
ttiR ftolintor-gencml, dofi'ndi'd him gralui- 
tntisly, and on SI Hay 1775 wpoiniod hiiA, 
bu> ehaplttin. tn 1777 ha publuood * A l>>t(»ff| 
to Vt. Ilurd, bishop of Wowmict,' in which hi 
nrguos that either the christian rerelation 
fnW.or every churvhiuEurop.-.and^'speciallj 
llie church of England, i.* ' fa!*" and fiilmloii.*.'! 
iiert'Iio9 upon the argumeni f n i ' 
cii-ji,vrhirli,BC(H)rdtn{^tohini, I' 
apostiuy of trinitarianbro. i 
wiui miturally t'i>H"Wed by (h 
hi.1 ]ivin;r. Tlij* b'tf't to the ' 
tl^Marehl77'J. Uenowrelur; Umo, 

niid K't np a •trhoi]!. Colonic! L,i.-,, Ll>.[tin«a 
Stuart, tJ^n of the Eurl of Hutv. the father < 
one of hia pupils, upttltnl nu amiui'v i-.ui 
him, whiiih vne paid iiU Utn dnath. 
held familv a«-rtie>M, uxing 8«niui ' ' '. 
version of tWliturjcT. with additLonalt^tu 
of hia own, Uu ndmi&i&teriMl ih« 



upper to vUitora, holding it to be the only 
crament.nBd iau.ii(li;(] fur ull eocin] j^tbur- 
, Kiul III* wiiOiMl ta Ml up a nuciely of 
'ChrUio philatithnipist*' to hear t'xjitMitioiiB 
]( the BUtoi'nlic i*rriyliirf)(. He hnd ii contro- 
fr«y with Priestley in tlie ' Theological Ha- 
sitonr,' roL v., aiguiag agaiiul the sanctity 
_. tli« nbbftth AS nndATstood br Pricatley. 
Tluve papon were oollccted ana published 
hjr EraiMOD with a letter t o Prieatley as * Ar- 
mmenta agsitut tho Sabbatic«] ObscrvAneo fif 
tiMSuiiday'<l79:^). Iul79i' lie also puhlitbed 

f'TTie Dissoiuuicc of the four j^ontfrnlly rc- 
■cvivc'd £Tuiigvli«Ui and iht- Eviduiira ot ihutr 
AuLbcuticitf examined.' In this he rej«cta 
the goepeU according to M&ttbvw, Mark, aod 
John, tho ftpiMlnTi to Ihr ItntnnnM, Kphi»iianJi, i 
ColoAAiaiui, and HehTo^fl. ami t hose of James. ' 
Peter, John, and Jude, bt^sidi's part of tlm 
otiier books of th'^Ti'STAmpRt. He inui again 
uuvrered by Vriestli'v (in reply to whom he 
pablidiediiil704 a 'LetttTtoDr. PriMll(*T> 
Xouag Mau'), ux.[Hmod from a b»i>k club, and 

I'pMterMl by anooyuoiu letters.' Thomas 
]^coner aliio repbed to him in a cuuni! of 
'Sampton f^-rtunM'piihUolu-din 1811. Kvan- 
•on alam publishwl ' ReflfictitHis upon llwStnte 
of RcIiRiou in Chriitt-ndorn,' IWli?, and ' Sv 
cond Thoughu on th«* Trinity,' IW).'). Kvan- 
Bon in 17tiiS inanied Dorothy jVlcbome, 
daughter of a London merchant. She pro 
bably brought him a f^nutii!, a» he afterwards 
bought an aatate at Hhikenham, Siillbtk. U« 

■ afterwards ruttrud to Orvat llcnlinpi, iwar 
AS'iK)dliriilge, th«ace to Lympstim, IJevtjo- 
shire, where he preacherl to a unitarian cnn- 
gTC-KAtion. OD(i nnftlly to Cotford in Denm* 
sbin^, when' he dii"-!! on 2'> S^pf. ISOK. His 

• friends testify to the ex(!i>llenco of hia cha- 
racter, his eiij^King manni^rs, and his lHh^ 
T&lity to th« poor. 

Htt sermons, collected in two Toliimea in 
1807, oonlsin the obnoxious sermon of 1771, 
nod an aveouuc uf tho prOiHsciitiuu in aiunxT 
to Havanl. 

[Monthly Ma^. Decembor ISOil. zx. 177 -S3; 
anit.]faff. lSt>6,ii. 123J; yvastUAVard'n Origin 
aad V i v BM a of the Prosfcncion in Tovkmharj. 
in8: ^^eboWls AiMod. vi. 483 ; Lir<i (byOwruD 
BogHFs)prBlxiMl lo SamMnis ; Warliurtonn I.CI- 
. ton to Huid, pp. 4S0, 487.] 

^^ EVELYN, JOIIX (lC-iO-1706), Tirtuoso, 
^B fourth child and second son of Ricburd 
^M Kvelyo of Wotton, Siurey, by Eleanor, 
^B daugltler of John BtanJjReld, was bom &t 
■ "WoUon, 31 Ort. 1620. Thn Evelyn family. 
iMitd to linve comu oririnutly from KvMyn in 
Xormandy, had Jtettlctl in Shropshire' and 
afterwards in Middlesex. Oeorga Kvelvn 
<l6a0-1603) Toi the fint to introduco the 




manufacture of gunpowder into Kiii^Und. 
He had mills ai I.oni; Ditton and near 
Wiilton {K\T!i.TS, Mine. U'l/rkt, 183t», p, 
689: Oamdmn, ffri'rtnniVi, ed. Ciihson, i. !H4>; 
made afortune, and had nixtaen sonsaodei^ht 
danght<!rs by his two wives. Tho sons by 
the first wife foundfid families at Long Dit- 
ton, Surrey, and Godslonc, Kent. Richard, 
his only mu by his isecond wifo, itiberited 
Woilon. Itichani's estate was worths .000/. 
a year, and in 1633 he was sheriff for Sussex 
and Surrey. Jolm £v>.'lyu wn* put out to 
nurac in his infaney, and in IG25 sent to live 
at Lewes with his grandfather Standsiield, 
who dii«l in 1&27. Hit remained with his 
(prandm other, who, in 16:10, marrii^d a Mr. 
Xewt-tirt of Sonlhovi'r, Lewng. Kvelyn rw 
fiisod — to his Aubspiiiiiint rngret — to Iwive 
bin ' too indulj^ent ' ifrandmotber for Kton, 
and continued «t the Soulbover fpco school. 
His mother dit-d in ltKl6. On 13 hcb. 1037 
he WHS admitted a student at tho Bliddle 
Tempk-, uuJ on 10 May following a fellow 
commoner of Dalliol, wh«re lie wa* pupil of 
Ticvor^ Bradehaw, proh&bly related Lo thu 
nfjiade. His tvilor wah n«gli*L'l fnl, nnd his 
studies were intemipted by seriona attacks 
of t\siitr, bnt h» raadB somu frietirlships and 
studied diiTicinf^and miiiiir. He left without 
A degree, but received the bouorarv desree 
of RO.L. in HWH. In Ui40 h« took cham- 
berii in thei Teutplo. His father diixl in De- 
cember of tliat year. In July 1641 be went 
to Holland with a Mr. Caryll, and joinud 
Gorinfc, tliitn in the Diitrb wrrice, for a iiliort. 
time iiun at^er tht^ fall of Genep, a fort on the 
Waal. In Octobrtr h" relumfd (a F.nglnnd. 
He stayed phinlly in Ijontlon, ' studying & 
little, but dnncing and fnoUng more,' till the 
outbreak of the civil war. He joined tin* 
king'sArmy jiiflt after the fight at Brentford 
(12 Nov. Kill'), He was 'not permitted' 
to Btny beyond the loth, nnd judiciously r*- 
ihsited lliat Jul nnd hi^ brothers ' would b« 
e)cpo»ed to ruin without any advantdgt- to 
his majesty.' He tberufuru amused himself 
at Wolton, making Tariouainiprovenu-nls in 
I he gardens whii'^hafterwarda became famous; 
and thoti^fb in Julv 1643 hr itrnt bi:^ ' hlnck 
mona^rn horse ' to Oxford, he obtained thn 
king's License to travel. He crossed to Calain 
on Tl Nov.. apent somo time in Pbiib and in 
tho'l''rwnch provinces, went to Italy in October 
1(M4, and reached lUime 4 No\'. 1644. At 
the end of Jiuiuary 164^ he visited Napbw, 
nnd Hft'-rwards stayed at Home until l^May. 
Hr then travelled to Venice. Ho studied 
for some time, at fadua, where lui bought 
somn • rare tables of veins and nerrps,' after- 
wards presented to the Uoynl Society. They 
Were dijionbL'd by Wil1i4km Con-pci (Itl6(V- 



Evelyn 



80 



Evelyn 



iriKH I'll- v.T in 17(tt,andftdL'Rcription, written 
by l''vt'lyn Tor Cowiht's information, now be- 
Ic'mifH to" Mr. Alfred Iliitl Ae etched five 
filntt-s fnnii liiri own drawinffs, made on the 
wny fnmi l{iimi> to Nnples. At the end 
of 'Ai>ril lliHi ho wt out witli \\'aUer, the 
|ii>i'l , iind nt lit'rx for V'i'wna and Milan, cra'wed 
thi' Siiiii>liin, iind til Ot-nora had a dangerous 
ntliu'k of unmll-imx. lie rt-ached Paria iu 
OctiilHT Itlltl. iliTi' hi> became intimate 
williSirKii-hHr»lIln.wii.'(Uajfl-l«8;t)[q.v.], 
thi'u the kioffM unibiiKoador at Paris: and on 
i'7 .1 Hill' ll*l" wiv!< nmrrirtl to Mary, Itrowne's 
lUilv ilau^htiT. Ill S'pii'mln'r lif ivtumed 
III Ku^'lmid, leiivin^ liis wife, who was at 
iiiiiot twelve yearf old. with her mother. 
rM'lvn'x dinrii'K *\wvt a kivii inlt>r(':>t in art 
niid linliiinitii'H. and n i«lriin^ npimvial ion of 
iH'iiotilii) MvuiTy. altliiiujih the Alps were 
iiiiliirnllt 1>H> lerriHe to U> a^jrveable. 

IIi'vIiivihI iu l\nijl«nd for nearly two yeare, 
a hi>.k1 tWi ihvnpiiHl, it s<vnis, by the in- 
\e«iiiii'nt of hi4 fortune in land. In October 
litL' hi< siiw ih>> kini: at Hampton Court, 
mid m ,Utiu.ir\ l(>li> publisheda tranfllation 
of I a Motile V.e VavtT in * Liberty and Ser- 
utiid.-; with a chori but decidedly royalJHt 
i«tvfn»v. fiT wliuK he was ' threatened.' In 
.liiiie It'll' lie |:\'t a p»*s from 'the nibel 
UiMdOwrt ■ with which in July he nttunu-d 
to I'rmuv. r.-.i.-hi»(r Paris on 1 Ah|?. In 
livn» li." jviid a short visit to Kngland, and 
tni.au i,nir».HlinrfhnuirjlC52. Thinking: 
iti.- tx.\.itwv CiiUiH- hojH'ltW, ho now resolvtid 
I,' ^i-iiV si S4i\t':« (.'oiirt. IK'plford. The I 
lSu'«-l.-.» h.Ul «'l<'a.«> fnim the crown of the 
HI 111.", . w liu-h had N-en weizitl by the parlia- ; 
i!,!>i c.-Uu ohtiiinetl the king's leave to 1 
, .-.',• iv.iiv.d w ith the ivcupicPi", the king also , 
,..^.,,.„...^ ;u the event of a restoration to 

..ii\- ■■ 10 liim in fee form. Kvelyn sue- i 
. .■. .;. .1 111 .vtuivimdini: for ;i,r.OO/. i'2-2 Feb. , 
U.>i» Uo ,>l'taiuiHl leases from the king 1 
-.1' ■ i'.- Ke-t.-ration yi'ni. Statf Papert,\ 
J\.e.»- .■ ■• IW. It**" '""1 i>>'"y< 30 May , 
lik-;- H,.wa!.«ftt'r*ardsliaraa«ed bylaw- 
n \ ' 'id ilaiiua ni»on the crown arising 
.>,.,„■., ,.U.imvsof moneytoSirlt.IJrowno 
1 i.i,'..,..i.T Mis wife joined liini in Junti 
1 . . • ,.'. \ y • tiiisllv w'ttled at Sayes Court. | 

I ,.:,■, l-.s«-a ii«i.'llv '">''' *''« It<'8toni- I 

, .,.„,.MiiK' Uis.'^f in partlening and j 

.„■- » . ,. iVa.M>mintanceof menofcon- : 
.... ,. , ,,,... II,. was on friend y terms 
« ,-. i..'.„ \\dkius.thewan1cnof\\adliam, , 
....I u^.« i-.a, l..*hop of Chester, and with 
li . . ' . V... ;,-. to w horn in l«W' hea<ldres..ed 

. .... ft si-henie for building a 

* ".: rol'r:^ lonlnwhereafewmen 

j.,,„,,,„.„ ..f cxi^tiittontalknowledge. The . 



scheme was au^^sted by the meetings of 
which Wilkina and Boyle were chief pro- 
moters, and which soon sjterwards developed 
into the Rnyal Society. At the first meet- 
ing after the Restoration (January 1660-1) 
Kvelyn was chosen a fellow, and he was 
I nominated one of the council bv the king in 
[ the charter granted 5 July 1662. Evelyn 
' had corresponded in cipher with Charles 
and his ministers. On 7 Not. 1659 he pub- 
lirfbtnl an 'Apology for the Royal Partv,' 
and in 1060 ' The late News or Message from 
nru.4selB unmarked,' in answer to Marchmont 
Xeedham's ' News from Brussels.' He also 
endeavoured to persuade Herbert Morley, 
then lieutenant of the Tower, to anticipate 
Monck bv pronouncing for the king (letter 
dated \-i Jan. 1659-60). Morley declined 
from uncertainty as to Monck's intentions, 
and had afterwards to obtain bis pardon, 
■ with Kvelyn's help, at the price of 1,000/!. 
Kvelyn as a hearty royalist, although it 
miiHt be confessed that his zeal had been 
teiniiered by caution, was in favour after the 
j UoHliiration, and was frequently at court. 
I He was soon disgusted bv the profligaev of 
I t lie court iers. He confidea many forebodings 
I to I'epys. He took no part in political iii- 
triguex, but held some minor offices. He 
wasaniembi^r ofsomecommissionsappointed 
ill ItttL' for improving the streets and regu- 
lating iho Mint and Qresham College. In 
(.Ictolier HHU he was a commissioner for the 
cure of the sick and wounded and prisoners 
in the Dutch war. He attended to his duties 
when his fellow-commissionera were fright- 
ened from their post bv the plague, and 
Htiiyed at IVptfora, sending his family to 
Wotton. 1 le incurred expenses for the pay- 
ment ofwhich he was still petitioninginKCii. 
Part of his claim was then allowed (Kotn 
niul Querifn, 2tid ser. ix. 267). On 28 Feb. 
1071 ho was appointed a member of the 
council of foreign plantations, with a salary 
of 500/. a vear. Jaraea II showed him much 
favour, and from 24 Dec. 1685 till 10 March 
I(W>-7 he wns one of the commissioners for 
the privy setil, during the absence of Claren- 
don lis lord-lieiitenant of Ireland. He ab- 
sented himself occasionally to ai-oid active 
participation in illegal concessions to Roman 
cat iiolics, and was pnifoundly alarmed by the 
king's attacks upon the church of England. 
E^■elyn coiilinuMl to be warmly interested 
in the lloynl Society. He obtained for the 
Royal Society a gift from Henry Howard, 
sixth duke of Norfolk, of the 'Arundelian 
library' in 1678, having preyiotisly (1667> 
obtained from the same person a gift of the 
Arundelian marbles to the university of Ox- 
ford. He was secretary to the Royal Society- 



Evelyn 



Evelyn 



I 



Sw ihi* Tfior betnonin^ 30 NoT,J77i*' In 

l<WL'. nni] n^Hiii in ItilH, he wii» pfPsS'il lo 

:il, bill i1*-cliiJiHl bmh liul^'( on ae- 

l-inTillli. Urt c^intinued bis gar- 

di-iuii^ at SiiyvH Court, niid ailviMtd liin 

lirutln'r at M'«»ll<m, mid won a nten^uihed 

luthoritr upon Rrchiteciure aoA \anaiMM\yi! 

iT<iva'iae. Hr wa« unB(iir>.*|mtnm of luu- 

un<] uniiits, twJri fading Ciibboas and 

H<^ was iuiiniHtLi with nian}* disttu* 

ed cimi(>iii|i<ir]iri>-t>. F^miu'l IVpyiiand 

■[h^ari/ilinwliftcl a NtrnniTinuluiil respect. 

mkocciuiouiil loure to Hia friviids' boiwcw 

rions pnrt» i)f Kn^lanrl, dtid sires some 

mitu;i (If^criirtioas of ihi- country. 

AHer ilie rovrtlution Evelyn, who wba^ 

fci't'viii^ olJ and v-nn i^ki pi^od n I'Htv to np- 

iianiteuiirifiwrvcdlVjlivpJin^'Atcr 

it. About 1691 hia i-ldyr bn^iliw, 

[(•■»C|;>-, 1<«> liU liul male dcacendant, and 

stAj^itlcd the p^xmXe upon Eralyn. In May 

llW4 Kvekn Inft 8«y.™ Court and •rflled 

mil lu8broi)i<>ral Woii.jn. l[t>anerwBrde 

t Sayej Court to Admiral Bwnbow (i" 

KWil, and Ik-nbow siiblor ii lo Peter the 

^Oftait in ih'? summer of 16H8, Tbejr were 

bad leiiaiit-, aii<) tbo czar in said to bare 

aniU!*rd himtulf by butitg trundlt-d in awhvul- 

luirriiw lu'ruMM I'lvL-lyu's tlon'urtied« and fil- 

Tnurit*" hollT-l».ytt,'t'. A kuiu of Ifi'J/. 7f. was 

»llnwrd fur lUmnt,"** by Peler'a hucn-lary 

iyi<tff/tndQufnf^,i:RdB»T.\.S6o). On'2JMiLy 

irW Evt'lyn reoiovt-d nit lii* rHmaiiiiiiif [irf^ 

[n-rty ff^^ni flnywi Ooiiit. In \7ni) th«< nnu^u 

wu let 10 ihe vestry of Si. Nic-holM, lV*pi- 

lord, tn l*- n^i'A OS n workhoii*'. In I8l'0 

thi' i.'wasingreat uartdemolisli'-'d, 

Iju: : >u«e remaint-a on tlic »il'> till 

Wa. lu 1.^^I &1I tJifti eurviv-ftvl of Savi-a 

art was o>uv*rlod by it«owner, Mr, W . J. 

n, into th« Eveh-n almshouacit, for the 

tnodaiioii of old rwidenia on the 

ill r«!i-ip( of parochial rflicf. In 

' a^aM'piirt of lbvold)^'rouiidj) 

: n- ([-'"il"". with an endowment 

furl II onb'r. The Sayw Court Mti- 

jKiiu-, '-'I -i;.'!.^ in Mr. l-'v)dyn, adjoina this, 

aadiuwihcr ndjoining sjmcc of tiri.' icnw ts 

pnwnt a^vi ii» n crickft-puund. OHwir 

, ..ru of th"" old estate are oovanJ bv build- 

nip' mid it' -Vj. dr "Vii f«allinirYard(.lJKWji, 

j/i-,' Mi 10). 

1- ' iii)f corrvniondent 

in I' I 'iiikv. Asoue of Boyle's 

Tm 'vl lltiitlf-y to tht tlrst 

■ i iv MirjH couftulled 
I [i,u!i. !(ti*7l. Evelyn 
i.*i ijjfcia tbi^ foiiniUtion of 

lb. Itl8l. In hilK'i ho wan 

GiKiolpVin, 1rf«nper to 
, llksn founded as m mo- 

>»!„ ITlli. 





morial to Queen Mary. lie lield ihe otHca 
till AU!;ii»t 17(K{, wbt-u lt» i-esi^i-d it to liu 
HQn-in-law.pre I .slyljivHubKlilutt-, William 
Draper. Tlie wUry of I'OO/, a y^'iir hid not 
hi^itn iiaid in January ItKM-", On 4 Oct. 
1HU9 lii.. linitiicr Gwirvtt died at Wottou, 
uuikin;* Wis danght^t VMxahctU, wife of Sir 
Cyril \VTi;h(>, lii« eolo fxiTTilrix. Hvniyn 
had llio library and Mimr- pipliirM and in- 
lierit-sl W'otton, wIiptu he [ma^ed the rtst of 
his life. Hm died 27 Feb. liOtl, retaining 
Ilia fiirnltie.4 tn the laM, and wna tinned in 
tba cbnnct'l of Wotron cbiirclj. His wife 
died fl Feb. 1 "0** 9. in tliceevcniT-fourth yenr 
ufhorafce.aiidwahburtiKlbeiudemm. Evelyti 
bad six sons: Joliii Trj. v.]. and hrcwhodtcd 
in iufuuey; one oi tbeiu, Uichard, born 
;'4 .Vii^. 1I15L', died -27 Jan. UloT-M, hning-a 
child of vxtraordinary prvcucity (Bl'O XHaty 
and pr'f(i(!t- lo Guldirn Ii<ii,k'>fSt.Cbiy*fuili>m.'}i 
ntid three duu^hters: Mary (bom 1 Oct 
1605, di.-d 14 March UVvi), « prl of whojw 
aconmpliiihnkeiitd Evelyn ffires an afTeciin^ 
account in bin diar^', atid who wrotu the 
•Mvindun Miiliebri*,' publi^liod bj him in 
UiOO; Eliiabeth (born 13 Sept. 1307), mar- 
rii'd to a nephew of Sir John Tipprrl. died 
20 Aug. ItWtj : and Susannah (born 'M May 
I6(}9), the onlv one who aiirvired tiiiu, ma^ 
ried in 106.3 to William I1rap>-r uf Addis- 
i.-i>mbe,Surr«y, KvelvH \!> tlietvpical iiiBtunoa 
iiffheat'c.omplLtlied andpiiblic-spirilvdcouo- 
trv t;<.-iit.K'innn of thu tte^lomtiOD, a moua 
and di'Toted rofimlxsr of the churrh of r^np- 
land, and a staunch loyalist in npitv of li» 
pnivi! dijtnpproval of tli« mnnnertt nf the 
court. Ilia domestic life waa pure and his 
fllVections strong, and he devoted binitelf tO 
work of public utility. iLltbuugb prudence or 
dillideuce kept bim aloof from the nctiva 
political life which might bavo tr-.fte<l hia 
character more sewrely. Ilisi XwA* «r« for 
Ihe most part occeaioaal and of little TwFjna- 
nent value. Tba '.Sy^va.'^upi'n whii^b 1h> 
iH^Ntow-d bi.4 be.4t w>ri, wa* lunj; a ntaudard 
authority, and ih^ ^Diaries' bare gicat liis- 
torirnl viibir>. 

ICvetyn'fi portrait wari painteil by Chante- 
fwll in Its-its, by Vanderlx.rebt in 1(141, bv 
It/vN-rt Wstli.'r in ltU8, tind bv Sir GodftBy 
Kneller in HWo and (for l'epy;> in 16«t. A 
copy of Kneller'* first portrait wua pr^cnted 
, to the Uoyal Society by ,Mt». Evelyn. Nan- 
teuil in Iti.'iO made a drawing from which 
nn cnfrnviiig waa taken. 

Ev«lyn'!i worfci arH: I. ' Thd Stato uf 
France as it stood in the ninth rear of . . . 
U'wia Xni,' law. 2. * A Cbanlcterof Eor- 
land,' 1(1>M>, mmmnnly said to havo tw»>n first 
pubUabed in 1601. An edition in It^D waa 
utawured by 'GalltiaCaslratut.' Aloilvrin 



Evelyn 



82 



Evelyn 



kdU (o t)iis was ptefixm) to a third odilton 
in IC&9 IffarLMUe. (1M3),x. 1&9; SvmerM 
TracU (I8It»), vii. 176). .H. ' Apolocy for 
the RoTul V*sXy . . . , bv a I-over of rea£« 
Mid Li* country,' 1059. i. 'Tim Ulr Nnrvu* 
from Bnisael« CnrnftAketl and his jrnjesrr 
VinaicnM.' I6fl0. 6. 'A Voma upon Ilw 
Stajesty'fi Coronation,' I61II . 6. ' Kncoiinter 
bef'Ween the FrencU oDtl Spaaith Anibassu- 
dora,' 1661 (printed in bin works). 7. ' Fumi- 
fuj?iuni; or tlie inconvrnionciM of lb*.' acr 
and «inoak of Ijondon dU»inaU><I, to^i.-ther 
vriih aomt^ rcmL-dios, . . .' 1661 (T<>printo(l 
ITTif ; a curious accoiuit of the ' bt^Uisb uot) 
dismal cloudo of m^a-^viale ' which make* 
London uuLuallby and vsvn iojun.>a vint-- 
varda in Franw, with suffgcstioiw fnr i-niwl- 
lintf Qoxlous trades, for extra-mural hunal^, 
•nclplaiiting mwi-fI fiiwera in the subiiib*). 
8. 'T^rannus: or the Mod<-.' 1061 (in EwIth'-s 
'Mpmoire' (]8I8), ii. SttViH). 9. 'Sclilp- 
turn; or thie Htetoiy and Art of Chalpo- 
graphy ... to which ia annexed • new 
naonor of cngrnvinR on mmotinto, , , .' 
KJGiid'WTC'jjriiil withaMoiinlj. 10. *SyIvB; 
or a discour«i of I'oreitt Trci-.* and tlti- pro- 
pauiLiou of iJmbi'r ..." to which is anncxM 
^Pomouii,' 'an appi-ndix conccminR fruit- 
K treea in relation to riclor^ . . .' 1601, 166D, 
ie71» (.-nUriTPd), 1705, 1729 (with otlier 
■works on gardeninf^l : ^-ditiyl by A. lluntor, 
M,I)., i'i>^-, fifiheditioQ Wlh; *Donclr«ilo- 

fift," an «brit%i?nient, bv J. ^litthcU, 1827. 
I. 'Kalendanum Hortea«s'ltJfH (wilU the 
•boToand wparatcly: leulh edilioii l"Off)- 
13. 'Public Kmploymtim, and an Active- Lifv, 
preferred to SoTituda, and all ila App&nagea 
, . .' in roplj to a late 'eflsav of a cwntmrj" 
title [by Sir 0. MuckL-uiiL-],' 1607. 1-3. ' T1j« 
three lato famous Impotilori, Pndr« (Hto- 
miino, Muiioract Ik>i, and Snbbatai Seri,' 
HdiO (from iiiformanls wbow niiTiiPS be A<e- 
clined to give). H. 'Xavipntioii luid Com- 
merce,' 1674 (the Cnrt. pan of tn iat^^nd'^d 
' Iliatorr of the Dutch War , . . uiid^rtaktMi 
by th« King's deaire from otGctsl matcriali,' 
which nppUYRtly did not give ftAtiitfiu>t!on. 
The partpubliahudeupm-nedat tbi>dt-mand 
of tho Dutch antbuastuior : n-pnnl<«l iu Lord 
Ovcrslouo'a'SolMtColk-ction.'lf'r.O), 15. 'A 
Philatopliical l>iMt>iini« ofKurth rvlating^ tn 
the Culture, . . .' 1670 fr.*ad to tlm Koynl 
Roeiety 211 April nnd 13 At«T Hi7o ; reprinf<«d 
with •Tf^rra,' 177?. odii'cd bv Uiintor). 
16. 'MiinduB Mulichris,' if»90|^>A Voyugfl 
to H&rrland,' in rhvme, end the * FopUic- 
tiouarv,' by his Jiughti? Marr — Uianf, 
10 March lti«4-6). 17. 'Numwmaln; a 
Discourse of MeduU . . . with some account 
of hoarl^ and (i|1igi«« ... in i-ctilpf niuI 
taiIl«-douce, with a digresRion concemlng: 



ph .' ie!i7. 1*?. 'Awtann. a |tia 

com .-..-tn,' 1((99 {part of an impt-rf-' 

'lilvBiuui llritannicum, nevi>r printMl, ■ 
which lilt! coutunts an- i^vm iu Iita worlujl 
Th« ahovi?, togntlitr with Home of ihi- dt^oii- 
rJitoT^' lottt-ni ta translations, art- in UpcoltV^ 
tuition of ib^ 'MuciOlant^HMi Works,' l^ldft,! 
excpiit N'ofl. B. 6, 8, 10, IB, 17. 10. 'Life, 
of Mn, GixJuliihin' [sw GuDOirmx, JLi» 
OftnRTl.w.tupubli^hccI iV'ni hi* niaiiii"rript li^l 
ni.'iliopAVilh»'r(orc*tinl(>l7. 20. *Hi9lor^-«if] 
. Itpli^ion;or a llation*! Ai-count of lbe1ru«f 
' Religion/ by the Itov. R. )I. RranKiu (2 vols, 
in ]J^60); a fraj^mentaiy book. 

The following; are tranfllations : I. 'Of 

Lilwrty and Swrvitudc,'Iftl9(rn>aH bo French 

' of Va Motht? I.ft V'ayer), in ' MtscrllaoMiu* 

WrititiTt^.' '2. ' Efiitay on Firnt Book of Lu* 

cn.'tiu« . . . tnadn tCnelinh vt-rsw by J. K/ 

16.')6 (fmntiaiHPw byliiflwiff and coutpU-- 

tueiitary wrw» by li\ nlK-r). 3. * Tin- Fn-iich 

, Oard«tt*er . . . irsiwlntud into Kngli-th by 

I rhiIocflpo*,'16o8,l6Wt(withKvctTn»nntn*'), 

I 167',\ lOUl. 4. 'The Golden Book of St 

I (.'hryiMslom coiimrniiij; the Education ol 

I (.'hildrt^n,' Itt'iO (dedication to bis brother _ 

with aiTCount of his son), in ' MinM-llantKXil 

Writings' •'". 'In*truclioaa concerning ibi 

ErectioD ofa Library,' 1661 (from the French 

of G. Naud6V 0. *Ti tivirrfiptovT^if'Atft^iat* 

1664-5; eecond wirt of the 'Mystcrr of Jo- 

Huiliam,' of whicD the tiret tmri (ItlW), in- 

cUiding Pascal's ' I'rovinclal l^tt«?r»,' ww 

nppan-ntly not by Evelyn; a third part it 

1U70 waa tranalalod by Dr. Tontnir (i'H 

ZHarv for 2 Jan. KitU-'t and I Oct. l67t<l 

7. ' Paralittl of Ancit^ni ,\rcbiteot»ro will 
the Ma<1em . . .* to which tuadd'dEiti * .\i: 
count of Archi(«l« . . .' \Wi, I' ' 
fn>m Iho l'"n*nch of Fr*art. de 1 

8. ' Idea of the Perfection of I'oitii iuj^,^ 
(from mtofi). fl. 'Tho ('onipl^it ('•{ 
(with directions roocvming mflou9 si 
orcngo trws>, IWW (frora the Frvnrh 
Quinrinid; *Of Ganb'na' (from the Ijiti 
of lit-ni ttapin) was piibiithpd by V.mh 
in 1673, hut translatnl by hi* Fon. Et||| 
also wTOlo * A Li.'tu-r to i.ord Hnmncl 
anew Machine for PIouffhiii(».' IU»W-1 
tht> 'Phil. Tnine.' No. 00; 'A l-'tiiT 
-Aiihri'v,' 1670, prinlt-d in hia ' lli«torj- 
Surrey' and in ' Jllawllancous Writ t nip ; 
T-rwa in CrewhV ' Lucrotiim,' H>h(). auif* , 
l^ttn on ihi) >Vlnt*^r of lyA-l-l." in 'Phi 
Trans.' IQS^l A list, of unfininh-d worki 
rtpn-scntt-d by manuMripl* at M'olloo, 
given al; llio t^nd of his woifcti. *A btrtt 
on ImpTovemrMt of thi- Kot.'ti*ll 1-And 
in'*!unt. JInp.' 17117. i. iMS It), munti 
trK}ti^'on»ily which he luw written, 
showed a jilay anil some pocma U} IVpy 



Evelyn 



83 



Everard 



6 Nor. I Wo. Foe ui account oCmm«> mann- 
acrtpts hv F.TftI^ we •Uivy,' 187t>, pp. 
cxv-«xviii, vol. iu. 190-4. 

[T^ie mnin authont; for Evcijm's life U the 
DMrj. Am pnblbtMHl in 1818 nnd 1819. oliUO 
b; Wtl^iatu Bny. u part of * Mcmoin ... of 
Jobn Ereljii), comprisinf; his Diarr, » A^lMtion 
of bin fiuiiili*r Ixtvro, jirivito (simuuiodtian 
brtvMn Charlc4 1 and 8ir F.'lvnnI Siclwdria . . . 
and hHlvr4in KilwiLrd Jljiii? nixl .Sir lUrJuinl 
BrovD*.' 2 vols. 4tv. Tbo iilitivn in 1837. iHliud 
ly rw.v.ti, is »id to bo th« mow Breunte. Id 
t£p •dition in 4 Wa. 1879 (mprintcil frum 1H27 
cclilion), t« pRf]x«J It Lif" <)f Krelyu, bj Uvnr^ 
B. Whmilej, Previoiu lircs an ia Wood^ 
Alhma'. ir. 161; the ' OiMienil DictionAfy ;' 
VtatlDB,'* I!anjiitixg«, 1T41( 1^.143-0; pwfaw 
to ^il[>ttiTi-. 1725: aai] Bio^. Brit. 8m aUo 
Pcpja's L'iiin' iiih] Coriwpon0«i<« (pAMitii) ; 
UotI-** WV.tI:'-. 1772, ii. *«+. ri. 287-9« ; Vltat- 
UV CorwF<i;iJtiteo. ISW. i. 74. 01-6. 110-18, 
li&~S. 131-7. 152.0. Ift5^, LSI: Thonyibjr 
Diary. IS.IO. i, 327. 340; Tborwbr Lotfein, 1882, 
i. 314. "'>. ^Sl ; tLtm>iiCorr«>|)aD(lMi>c«(OiiiKL 
S)< 218-4: ICi^lul's CorrMqiOtidMice 

Of^ : a, i. 9ft, 119, 123.1414-4,11. filS; 

KdUti lUid Ucurim, 6tb Mr. xii. 241; Tbom»oo'< 
Bonl &oei«t]', pn. &, CA ; BirvliV Udyal Socltf 7,] 

L. a 

^EVELYN, JOIIN. the youngef (1655- 
"y), translotor, third but eldoal surviving 
B of .KJjH Kvi'lyu [q. v.]. ibi- v. nll-kiiorrn 
writt^r.wofl bom lUJku. ll£>4-J). (In IIIHm'. 
lUOCt hie Ijitlior {>r?»ont«l bini tn Hyp quc^t^n- 
TDirtJier, who 'nuidrt ir\tninrilinarv nincb tf 
him.' l.'ntil 166:i he ■wifl • nmoh hmnj^il op 
•mongul .^Ir. H<iwnnr>> chiklrim nt Anmdol 
Ifuiian.' In I6r^'k Mr. Uobiin boonmo bin 
tolor Early ia IWi", when ' newly out tf 
lodfl eoMirt,' hii wTi» f*nt ro Trinity CnllpKi?, 
Oxlonl, umlcr I>r. BaUinnit, lie li?ft (Jlifrt^l 
in Mareli ltjl)9, hikI was odiuitLe'l of tlio 
MmUI1« Tcmph! 2 May 1672. On 2fl March 
107U hi) father took him to mt l\-t>^r Unn- 
niufr. bijthop at ChicheMer, who )f^ve him in- 
■tnictidu and ndvir'] * b-^forij he rccoivt.'d ib'.^ 
Holy Surranii'Dt.' l)n l*."i May of tbi- unmc 
ymr h* bi>C)uiu> a ytmnip'r Imnbtr of Trinily 
IIou>«, and an 10 Nov. lltTo ho w«[il tn 
Fnuuw in ;hc 'uita of the iu)ibA.''.«adnr l'I.oiil 
BKrin-JiTTt, r^ttiminif in Mny of ihe ni'Xl 
ji«r. In Iti'ffumlHT HW' touiijt Evflyn wai* 
c-aipli>\<^ II] IVvoiiBliin? by tlw lri>«»ury, ■* 
• nmnmlftrioncr n^i<t-ctin|t ' conccaluent of 
lu»d.* Ju*t o v-<tr liiiff ba xnu pnNwntiMl lu 
W " ' t.jti^lon by 

O. '.. y. .\»ft 

Voiiiiil.'. r :ii I. .■[■■. 1,. n If:! ■■ - r r. . -ji bt' bt'llM'^i 

ts •m.-urc tufonl for William til. In ItaW 

hfr— ■' ' •'- ■■■■■■■' -l-l-'.-.f thi'trwi- 

••1 If tWl'Ivi.'- 

in< .. -. i. .-. ^.- ^ ^i^iiii^..,.i-mi!t ot re- 



venue in tr«bin<l from ](!02 to ]t!W. Ilu 
ivlurntKi bome tn greaisuUerlnff.imddiod in 
Derkeley Stn-et, Loodoa, ^ Blard) IOOB-8, 
in bi» futher'fi lifL-timo. 

Kvelvii nturrietl, in 1C7U, M&rtbA, <Ltuffhter 
and cohfiresB of Richard Spensf'f, edo., n 
Tnrkpy m.trclianl. Hht- died 13 *?pl, 1726 
(/list. Itfff. for I7i6, p. ^). By her be bad 
two sons and thrw dauffhtors, but only a 
MOn, John, and a dan^hlor, Kli(ab«tlt (wife 
of Simon Hnrcnnrt, mn of Lonl-chuieellor 
flnrcourt), mnrivml infancy. Th9 son John, 
l»rn I Miirchl08I S.nwmcd, ISScpt. 1750, 
.•Vnue, daugbler of Edn-ard Doecawen of 
Comvr&ll.wiLA made n bsronot 30 Julv 1713, 
budt ft library at Wotton, was • faUow of 
the Ibsyal Society, and commiMJoner of co^ 
toms, and dit^ 18 ,hily 17C^t. lUs grandson 
Kir I-V^lOTck, A -lohiier, dic*l wiUiotit iiwn«> in 
1812, and his t'stalva f«U to hie widow, Mary, 
duiif^htvr of Willitun Turton of ^tiiiTordshire, 
who bequeathed them on hei- d-^th in 1817 
to John Kv»!yn,« direct d^fjcwndsot nfO^oTge 
Evelyn (l.Vll>-16(«l), and grftndf8tli« of ihe 
present owner, Mr. William John Evelyn. 
Sir Ji^in, ft fint oouKin of 8ir FiWcrick, was 
foutth baronet.andwith th« death uftlueSir 
Jobn's brathi-'r Iliigh, in 1848, the baronetcy 
becnms axilncl. 

EY^lyn translated lb«! foUowin); wnrks: 

I. 'OfGardena. Fourbooks. Firstwritten 
in Jjitin verM' by lirniifiw I{ji]>inii», and now 
niftiir' KnfrlUh,' I^ondon, lfi7;i, drtiiontetl to 
lli-nry Bijnoet, wirl of ArliD|:ton. 2. • Tbe 
llistorr of the flrand VinitTS,' London, I W7, 
frijui tlie French of Francois du Cluissopol. 

II. I'lulurch's ' Lift- of Alexander (be (Irtuit,' 
for (Ik- ' I'lulftrch'fl L.ivc» by Si-vcral Handfl ' 
(lOIt-'-H. To tlie third edition of bie father's 
'S\lYft'ilH781 Ei"olyn conlribulpd .lotneprv- 
fator>- Urcek fiexamfivr*. wrilUn at ibu agn 
of fiftr^n, and in the Iilsi izhuplf^r Ihn Mtcond 
hook of bin Tursion of Kapio'a 'Ilortorum 
Lilies* WAK n-prirtl^d. Si>v>-nil jKxnnN bv him 
are printed in Dryden'tt ' MiEceUuntes' and in 
NicnolsV 'Colb'Ctinii of Popms,' 

[KTtlyn'a Iliftty, ni. Bray and Whcfltl^y, i, 
llXiTti.'and ii. UhWbi ; B^Va's I[i»l. of Iltrpt- 
ford ; Wgod't AUMSte Ox«d. «d. UUm, ir, 08».1 

P. L. L. 

EVERARD (lOeS.'-IlBO). [See Eao- 
iiAiin.] 

EVERARD, JOHN f^. Ittll), catholic 
stiidont, woA bom at Penn, Noittiampton- 
(Jiire, in Vi^7. For MMon yiwrs he was 
f^ducAted at homi" under a B.A, of Ciim- 
bridgi-, unm>;'d Johnson, and eiibscqiii.<nily 
he prurtifutt-d bi» *liidir-« fur half n vcar 
under the tuition of a doc-tor of divimiy 
cajni-d Strickland. Tb«n bo wan atmt to 

o3 



Everard 



84 



Everard 



OUre Hall, Cambridge, and placed und<^ t.bo 
CftMs of Dr. BjT>|r, princiiml of tl»' collr-ji"- 
Evernrd'ii fnllii-rdied inltVlrt.anrl hi.^nitHher 
afU>rw»rdH woe nmiTitMl to liichard Smyth, 
reciorol'Diilwirl(,Nortlinmpu.n»hin', Whi!.* 
at. tilt' uiiiv*raitv 111? was tonverU-d to the 
CHllmltc fuitli tlirouKli reading th>< work* of 
Rellannin aud Stapl-'toa, and gcing to tltu 
nollep.' uf Vhe Kogtisli jwuils at St. Omi>r he 
wan thf-Tf. ppconciled tfl the Roman chnrch 
by Fatber Jubii Floyd. lie n-oe admitted 
intrt lliii Knfflisili Oollejro nt Ilome as a pro- 
bnliniu^r in 1010, but he Trent away afW 
two or thrv>- nimitliM, lit-cnuiM) fa» wmii afflict «d 
with dimnf>'<^ intbi' head during hiaxtudiM, 
aod aliio WcaiiMi lie wa> tina)i]i> to nftnw with 
hU fplIow-*tiidi>nti». Fti't iiniitif^ ro Knglnnd 
be ]}ublt»lK'<i an nccoiint of his oxwrienpvs 
an m Atudenr in a book Mititlcd ' Britnnno- 
Itomniivs, «iv(> An^ligennruDi in Oollegio 
Itomiino vitw ratio,' London, 161I,8vo. Of 
hia HubecquenL can-LT nulhint; vcrtuin is 
known. Pirrhaptt In* uuiv h* idi'nlioal with 
th(;.ii'"iiil fnthiT John I^vcrard who died at 
tlie Prof<»8ud Uoum, Antweqj, on 6 Vix. 
1649. 

[Folcy'a RMordu, It. «ll.n'. 257. rii. 234; 
OIUoVb Itibl, Hict, ; (i«. of Prinl*J Book* iii 
Brit. MuB.] T, C. 

EVERARIi,JOnN,D.D.(lS-5M6B0P), 

divine and iny»tio, waa [irobablr bom nboul 
1&75. Hi> van educated aC Hlare College, 
Canbridgv, wlienj iw priic"i"b'd lo tlm two 
de^fTfM in arts in Itiffl) nnd 1607 rcsppctivhlj-, 
mnd to tbal of D,D, in lUlfJ. Uia younger 
dHvii,he is taid to bavn confoMcd,werR day-i 
of ignontncft and vunily, vben be walked as 
ntlicr (rcntil«« and aa mpn lirinif ivitboiit 
flod in the world (pT«face to Gn»pel Trta/nirf* 
opened). But be became nshnnied of hu 
lormflr knowlpdtre, cxprtAsions, and preaoh- 
inga, aUb'<UL'b be was known Co In- a wry 
grent achiil'ir nnd fw pood a philosopbfir, fcw 
or non*i exceeding bini (H.) Sunn- time be- 
fore una lie hrTumti readier al Ht. Marl in'win- 
the-Field«. Lntidon, for ia January of that 
year bo was censured by lh*i IJidWp of Lon- 
don, nnd compfllfd tn puhliclv apologiM to 
tbn lord mnyor and aldprninii tor alandering 
tlipm in a ftenuon. In 1616, too, bt> nnti^ 
litihcd 'TiiG ArriL'ri'ban,' a Bormon wbicli Uu 
had preachitd to the company of tbe mili- 
tary yiu^l at St. Androw")*, Holhoni, and 
■which be dodicalwl !•> Friiniis ]t:io(in, bin! 
"Vcnilam, In Mawih IfiSl Everard waa im- 
prisoned in tho GatvhoiiM for pr<t«obinK 
indirectly n^'ain^t ihf- Spanish raarrinpe, by 
iuvrlching against iheSnaniBb cnieltieB in 
the Indies, rie waa atili in prison in S«^ 
t«inbiU', when be |>tititioncd tbt; king to 



mle«8« bira, promiainf; not to reneat 
offi-nce. He failed, bowprer, to Ireep hii 
proniiMO, and n|;;ain AQfTen-d impncotiinonr,] 
in August li.V22 and at later datea. for iJio ' 
f4ini<' ruuse. Each timc'aome lord or oth-^r' 
begevd bi« pardon of 1 h<- kintt, and ai oft>.-n 
aa UTerard r«gainMl Iuh lilierly Uv nfpda took 
Qp his tiixt on the unhiwfulDeas of matching 
with idoluk'nt. The frvqiiL-ucy of the appeals 
for ihe royal jHinlon aIlrBi~l<*d lh« atli-Jitinn 
of Jamc« I, who is ri'porlfld to bave said, 
* Wtukl in thia Pr. Kvirr-oiil ? biii nanu; »lia[l 
be Dr. Xever-oui.' Kverard's great powers 
of preachini; drew large c<ingrp|^t iona, and 
when, Uting nppi^intod chaplain lo T»rd 
Ilolland (rBrxSE, IM-len It'ork* of It'irk- 
nf*t, p. ^), he left St. Slartin's for Krn- 
Dington, his audiviid-t. wure fa-<hionnbIe and 
aristocratic, though be profeaaed that liis 
evnnODs w<>ni dvmiguod fur tbo poor cobblers 
and the like wlio came th«nt to Immu- him. 
la 1630 ETcTwd. who bad thi<a apperentlj 
n living at Fh'-"'"'''1, •'■■^■■x, wiw cbarccd b»" i 
fore the high ■ i conrr with li.'re*T,l 

being accused .:--..l.i^;-'.lyi'f familisra, ami-l 
nomianism, and anab«pti.ini. After Ix'infjj 
kept some months waiting for hi^ trial ho 
waa disuiis.«>-d, but waa socui again pr»a^- 
cuted, wht'n Ljtud ' ibrcatcncd lo bring him ! 
to a niorael of bn«d because he could not 
mnk(^ him stoop or bow bcforu him ' ('[iniWaj 
to fififjift TrtamrfJi). It may b)»v«* wvn oit] 
' this occasion that he was donrived of hia^ 
Iwnefic^', worth 4O0/. a year. In July IftW 
he was linpd I.IXHV., but in the follnwinj^i 
June, wlien he read his submission on his 
kn«-» in court, he wna nilc-iuM from hia sus- 
pension and hi^ bonds were cancelled, tiia 
alleged herenv, howeTer, continued to get 
him into trouble, and hn wm again waitiuK 
his trial when ho fidl »ick. ' lie liv>.'d low« 
Strafford and C'ant«rfaury pnt under t he blaark 
rod, nml was gathun.<d to Ins fnthvre' (f*.)j 
The ilftte of his death win proliably in tie. 
ehortly beforv IdTiU, in which year was pnb-| 
liftht^ 'The Dirinp Pyni«ndi-r of HerTnc""! 
MercnriusTrl^rae.j-istnB. I ranidated nut of tbu 
»rij;iDal into Engli'sli by ibnt learned dirinv, 
j Dr. Kverard.* Thi;* was the first Fngliobi 
Tersion of the ' I'cemnnder,' and to a ntcond 
I ndition pnbltsbod in 1((57 was addrd n tran»- 
I latioR of HeruM'i ' AwcU-pius.' Krurard't 
I translation was repuhliahed in 1^84 underJ 
the (-diton^hip of Mr. Harem vi> Jmningn. 
Sucbof Kvt>mrtrimprmii[;' - ' i -r»-i 

tion by thp bishops wi-rc i .^nWl 

the lil'le 'f>ome tlgepel 1 i i»\ 

the irolii-scof nil nnr-iil Tf-t 

morelhoUichesofftr!" V 

9el5 of Meroy. in *••% ■ : at | 

Kensington and eUi:,._... ~_, ^--'^u .,..iArd,| 



4 



I 



U.l>., (leoesBod : irbcri-unlo is adJedtlieinys- 
tiokl divilUljF of Uion^siiu the Ari-<>pitg)t« 
•pok<:u ur, AcM xvii.34,wiiU colleciioiu out 
oTtitlurrUiviut-aulliDrK, IruisLntBclbv l>r. Hve- 
ranl, nowt iMtfon' i>rint(^il in KiigflHli,' Lon- 
4)>n, l*v»i, 2 pi*. Tdf voliiitii-ii Hrn (liilicHled 
to Oliver Cromwell, and bt-arthi- imprimatur 
of Jnwpb C«ryl. A M>cond vdttigii, called 
• TIw f ifWTiel T rejisiirr opcn.-d,' bat otUerwiAe 
sot diflenn^ (toid tliu fir^t, vra.* L<wued in 
I60II ; in li''7 the Mrmorm wpru n>print«d 
M fifnoRniown, It.RA., hik) on« 01 tliem, 
' Cbrist Ihc Trutf Salt of tlw Earth," was re- 
priot«d in Kn^ttund in ISOO. From tlivw 
iLermona, whicli Art- i-Jtc«lteiit ns coin [xni lion*, 
H would appear that in bif> iiitr«-^ncnite 
days Kv>-nird woa n nvoplatouiil, 4Uid il- 
nuuRiil a (iiitcipl* of Tnuier. A tiimng flavouT 
of ni^'stic-ism <liBtintrui«lit'B tbem, and thv 
oiitlrar iiunUn fix>in ]'1h(i>, Plo4iiiiii>, and Pnri- 
filua, as Wfdl a^ from many of tti^ earij 
clihstiim writpm. Anotlwr small work by 
Erenirrl.'A Panililf-nf TwoDrop^ n-A^ninr 
togetlior/ was republislied in lt#Jo by U. L. 
ICobertd of KiildonntnftUT. In the imirer- 
»ity library at < 'anbridgv aro [mH>erv«d tiam 
mnnu«cript» by tlvenuJ, two of wliicb arc 
prinlnl in the 'vollMrlionH* appended to 
' Soniti (.]y»]it>.l Treasiires (>]H-)ied. 

[Tho main tint mmtsire autUuritj fiir KvBranl'a 
life b tho addnw' to tlw r«iulor,' preCxud by R.ipha 
Harfofd to 'Some Gofpel Tr#«aurca Apened.* 
Tben ar« tanoy rtttmaaa to liini, fur lliH mutL 
part uainponant. in tli« Caleadars of Stal« 
Papers iwording the pmoMdingB of ihs court of 
lii(fh cutiimtiifiiuu. Sw alao Not*-* aod Queri««, 
2wi err. iv. M8, r. 16», vii. <o7. 4lli "W. i. 59? ; 
Gardincr'a IliHU of Enirl., iv. 1 18. 346.1 A. V. 

EVERARD,MATIIlAS(rf.l8r)7t,inajo> 
p;nirral.of Ranilile«town,c<i.Maitth,th!nlMni 
of Ttiomaa Evvrard of Randi ImIowti, by bis 
wifrand cotMin, narbnro, dau^ht«r of (_>'Rtilly 
of IJallinlougb (,'ii.''tli\ and ii*!^ of .Sir Ilonry 
Nugeut, wa« n^pointod ^nsjpi in Ibe ^nd 
or Qui^nn, rvKitneut at Uibrultar 'JH Svut. 
1304, aiul bixainit liiuU^nont 21 Aiarcli 18(V>. 
In Decpmbtr liJOi* thu company to which 
yoiinp KvtTnrd br-longi-d, with Iwo utlitTs of 
lii* n>girar*nt and I wi> nt tb«) dlth foot, were 
capture 'in tht^ir M>ya(;v home from Ciibml- 
lar by a Fri-ocb sqii^iiron <•( mjc g&il of tH« 
linv and »om" friitnlei, under Admiriil Uuil- 
lautn^t, bound for Mauritius. Tlio troops 
wi'ru nut iin hnud Ln Vultmtairu fngaiL- and 
rarrt*id almiil for thr»! mutilb*, unlil lja 
^'olontiun' run into 'ralilf Jiav for wau^r, in 
iffniimnif of Ibn ivcnplnn'of tli-^ ('njiu bj- 
Uw Bntiah, und lind to Htrikf bo tlio flhore 
bftUvnea. Tbi* lr<.->i<4 -a. r ' laiidt-d, and Iko 
eompanitwof lln- < ' 1 dutv for aomo 

< M Lbn Cat" J I >:iO of tbo &4tii, 




to which Everard apniiors to hare been tem- 
porarily HttBclivJ ibrdiiiy, were sent with the 
reinforcrinentH to Tho Uiu Phita, and uctwl 
»« mouiiU-d tufautry with the fori-H under 
Sir Samuvl Auclirautr [q. v.] A\'hilB m> 
umployi'd Ki'i-nird Iwl tlie forlorn luiim at 
Ilia atiirmingof Monte Video ii Feb, 1807, 
wht^n tw(^nty-twoout of ihiriy-twomwi with 
him w<>re killed or wounded. For thid srr* 
vicv Kvemrd rpceivt-d a Rword of honour from 
thn Patriot icFittid ut Lloyd'sand the freedom 
of thocity of Dublin. He wn« alw) promottd, 
23 April l.'*07, to a company in th« 2nd bat- 
talion l-llh foot, with whioh he served at 
Coniana and in the Walcbunm t'jcpvdition. 
liiiring the latter he waa tliankcd in general 
ord^'r» for Lis conduct at iho tsiwe of Pluidi- 
in^, IS Auff. 1800, wIk-ii tbi' flunK rtimpuniM 
uf tbu l-lto, ono of which ha commanded, 
fiii|i|inr1rd bylhv riwtoftlio battalion, in con- 
jimriion with Rome of th« Oerman legion, 
nlomivd oni> of the enemy's batteries and 
.'H«ti.td a lodgmtint within muskct-ahor. of 
tho walls iCAjtsoy, Jiut. Jitc. MM Fuot, p. 
tio). lit- wuM suluM-qiiently transferred to 
the lat battalion of Lis ro^imeot in India, 
and oommnuded it at the w^ of llattntui 
in 1817. He commundeKl u ilank battalion 
in Ihe operation* against ihif PiudarmMi in 
1818-19, woa made regimental major 10 July 
1B21, and cuimitiandMl it at tli<< xtoriuin^ of 
nhurtoore iJit Dec. 183S, when tlw I4th 
heuiclt-d one of the colomns of assault, and 
unsnppiirted otoArod the broach after ihe prc- 
maturv explc«ioa of a mitte, aud elTucted a 
junoiion with tho other column led by the 
5t>lh fool, the sieadineBi and di^ciplinu of 
these two regimeDtd, lo c^uute the worda of 
I..ord Combcrmcrc, 'dceidinff the fate of tho 
day' (16. pp. ^'^ -&). Evvrard wua made CD. 
and a brevet lieutonanl-coluiiel. He liecam'e 
ivgimcutal lii-ulcuDnt-colotitjl in It'^ll, and 
commfindod tbiT n'giiu»::til fur a pcrtoil of nix* 
toen vi«rs at home, in thn West Indies, and 
Nnrtli AinrricJi. He was a K.ll., Ijecame a 
major^neml 11 Nor. 16S1, and latterly wsa 
in Tvceipt of a diiitiiiguished service peitstoa. 
Ev«rard. who had vucccoded hisdder brother 
in the faDiily t-.*lnto, died at Soathaea, uu- 
marri«d, on *^0 April ltifi7. 

[Bariut'aLandtKlOeoiry, 1898,od.sapp. itndst 
'Brerard ofllaiKlile^tovii.' Ciiii&onV Ilict. Itec. 
lliid or Qaeen's and 14th Foot; tfnrt's .Army 
Littj ; Qaat. Uag. lid aar. ii. SIS.] II. M. C. 

EVERARD, ROBF.RT (Jl. lfifi4),ratbo- 
lie writer, was a gontlemaii of liberal educa- 
tion who hod been ctiga^;td in the civil war 
with tho rank of captaia in ihit rripT of 
(.'harluH I, and who, * accordiim to tbu cntbu- 
uBsticul diapoeiliou uf dhow timi-e, bad listed 



>— ii-'-IPWS-.-- . — - 



Everard 



86 



Everest 



tunifttlf under diflt-rent mcis.* KTentually 
tiB joiiukI the lEoman catholic churcL 

llu wrot«: 1. ' Babj-'ba^tlinn fCoated,' 
LoniL lOfiO, 4to. ThU elicited a i«ply from 
NaUuniel Stflpbess, a prmlnrti-'riiiii pr>'-Behor, 
whcMO worit wac crittcuKd ay Johu Turning 
in his ' jVniipmdohuptian.' 2. • Naturp'e Vin- 
dicBlion j nr k cht^ck to all tbosi' whu aflinn 
NntAim to be Viie, ^VI<^kM^, l'^mip«. and Siu- 
ful,' l»nd. 1051', ISmo. 3. 'Tlirw (iue.«tioiis 
proiHiundvd to H. MorWy a)x>ul hU pnictict? 
of Irving on nf HuiUa,' I^nd. ii. d. ^ro. 
This led to n controveray between Ev(.'nrd, 
MorlAjr, and T. Morris, a bnpttst. 4. 'Thn 
Creation aiid the Fall of Mnii,* IjQnd. n. d. 
8ro, Nothanial St«p)iiMift ivplif^d to this in 
' Vindiciie Fundaun-ini ; or a Thn-cfuld IK*- 
fenc* of the Doctrim? of Orijfinal Sin/ KSfiS. 
5. ' Aj) E|)Utlo tu thu SL'vnml Coagregatioua 
of lJifiNoil-f>infonniiita' [Ij<ind.?],2;id Mil. 
1031, Svo. In thiE work the author eUitcs 
UiQ TVOMMW of bin nmranion to th« catholic 
ehurch. Replies to it waropublinhed (it 'J.I.,' 
Malthew Puolc, and Fnincis IlowgiU. 

[Dodd's Cburcb Uiat. lu. U2 ; a'dltn/ii Bibl. 
JKot. : Cat. gf IVintwl Uoob ia Brie. Uu.] 

T. C. 

EVER ARD, a/iaiE VERETT.T HOM A S 

(15(]0-1633), jeauit, bora at Liastcad. SoSblk, 
on 8 Ffib. 16(10, wft« son of Htnrv ETcnml, 
a (fL-atleinao who euflered iiii;iri«oQmi.>nt for 
the CAtholic faith, and of his wife, Oatb<.Tini4 
6awdj7. Alter puTBuin^ hlg eludj«8 at home 
for nboitt Aix reara nnd n half be was sent to 
thtj univunily of C'ainbri<lj;«, wheru hti r«- 
maiued for u yeur and a half. Hitoiming ao- 
qoaintvd with Falhur John Gerard li» made 
llie spiritual onercuus uilh him In London. 
TTipn ho proccodt-d to TLIi^iinii, and was ad- 
mitti'd into liiv Kutjbsh Culloee there in 
lfi02 [IJouay IMarirji, ^i. ITj). lie studittd 
philoiiapbj' oud divinity at Khi^ims and 
Courlraj, nnd was ordainsd priest 18 Sept. 
1G02. Deuig admitted into the Society of 
Jmus he h«ean his novittat« at Toumay on 
4 June lJJf», nnd aflvr his fiimplo vowa he 
was KBt, 17 JoQA IGU-'>, to tho coltci^u at 
Lillet For w-TMal years be trns minixlcf at 
thti colk-fA: *ii St-. Umer uid at Watlen ; 
■oduit and maAler of novice* ut Iionvain. 
Ha took bis hut vows %b n spicitunl coai][jiitor 
in lOOi. I Iv WM in England for a time in 
1603-4, and had a man'tillnus cMapo from 
UTMt. About 1017 he revisited tlii?.couiiliT, 
and exercised itfuritnAl fuuetioDs in Xorfofk 
•ad Suffolk. A twolvemotith after his ar- 
rtral be n-aa apprehended and detainivl in 
prison for twoyearB, Ho waa bnnuluxt from 
the kinj(d(rt« in March lOi'O-l by rirUiM of 
a wamal. Ixom tha lords. Un andcaTouring 



tu return fmin cxilo in July I0'23 he was 
fieised at the port of Dovvr, bat wa* UTentu- 
ally rvlessed on bvl wi<h Ibv 1ih« nf hi* 
'IkioIu, picCiuw, and other impertinenna.' 
His name appears in Gee's list ol priests nnd 
jrsujis in and about liOndon in l(i'J-l, and 
aleo in a catalogue seized at Clerkenwell, the 
London reaidence of the order, in \G)i>i. He 
wasthi>n a missioner inSuRblk. He died \a 
Loudon ou 10 May 1^3.1. 

There is an engraved pottnit of hitn in 
Tanner's 'Societal Ji«u Aposlolorum Imita- 
Lrix. 

His works are : 1. ' Mediutions on tie 
Passion of Our Lor.!.' St. Omcr, IflOl, IWW, 
1618; atmnslntion from the Latin of Father 
FilIvioB Androtua. 3. 'Tim ParadiM- of the 
Soul, and a treatise on Adln-rine to God,' 
trau&Iated troia the Latin of Albert ibv 
(ireat, bishop of KatiEihon, St. Onwr, I tiflfliind 
1017, fwquL-nlly ri-printcd. 3, Translation 
of Fftther Ariaii's ' frcatifie on Perfection,' 
St. Omor, 1017. 4. ' The Mirwur of Iteli- 
gious Prrfnctinn,' frum the Italian of FalliM' 
L. Pinflli, St. Dmer, 1618. Ori^nally a 
translation from Gerson. 6. 'Trratuwon thu 
Method of Living Well/ a translstinn, 8t- 
Omer, 1630, llfmo. 6. Tmaslati'm of Hi. 
Francis Borgia's ' Practice of Ohristian j 
Works,* St. Omer, Ifl'JO, Umo. 7. ' Medita- ] 
tiona upon thi: Holv l^^iichnrist,' from the' 
rtfllian of Pinelli, St. Omer, KSd, lynio. 
Thf oripnal work was by (Jerson. tt. Tran*- 
lation of '.V Manual on Praying ^V<'ir by 
Fatbi-r P.-ttT CauixJiu, St. Onii-r, Wl'J, V2tm. 
9, Translation of Father Ludovicua dePoiilc'ii 
'Comi^eudium of Medilatione,' Si. Umer, 
162.% \-2aio. 10. TT«n.»latir,n of Father Peter 
Hihailenoira'n tntatin^, ' l)e Prineip« Ghri**l 
tiano,' St. Omer. U'_>4, iL'mo. II. ' A l)i«-l 
l<^e on Contrition and Attrition,' wlriclij 
mated through four editions. IS. 'Thei 
Etemall Felicitio of lh(> Saint?,' traiisUird^ 
from thu Latin of Cardiual llellarmin. Tlie < 
first edition WAS probably print«d al Rogerj 
Andertou'e SL<<:r«t pnea mlAoeasliire about 1 
1({24. It was reprinted at8t.Omer in t038>, 
12mo. 

[FiJey's Re«»dp«. i O.fl. ii. 3ft»-tO». ri. 2H,i 
«SO.»ii. 334; (Jillows Bibl. Dipt.; Smjthw^rsl 
Bibl. Scriptoram Soc. Jvsu, p. 702; P ~ 
UibL dos ficrivnins do U Compacni'' 
(lS«9).p. 1767; MorTi»'»roodit: 
uodor Jamu I. p. dxxx ; Tanner 

ApMtolomm [aiitatrix, p. BS&i .: J. 

Collratiom, ]>. 87 ; Doiwr Diarim, 244 Ins, ^itA.I 
2l«.l T. C. 

EVEREST, Sir GFXIKGE (17HO-18tW>,| 
military engineer, eldest son of Tristraatj 
Everest, was bom nt Gwemv»Ii*, Ilri-clcmieh-J 
shire,4 Jiily I790,and cducotcd at thomUi-( 



i 



i 



I 



I 



Ury wrliool^at Greui .Marlow and Wiwlwiiili. 
Hn entt't)!^ the perrico of the E&flt India 
Company aa a cadet m 160U, and sniU'd fur 
India in the mdia VMr as second tK-iitpnnnt 
■ D tiic &>ngal artillerj'. Aft«r eeven ^eare' 
sen'ic« lie wa& sent to join a dctarhmctit in 
Java, wtune he vns sttlucivd bv Sir Stauirurd 
Kaflic*, tlwD goremor, Ui luuki.' a survi^y of 
th» ialand, io which lulwrious tiuk h« ituait 
two jaan, and aAvrw»ids n.-tiirnvd to 0«n- 
gtL 11^ wa4 next euploved in engino^nng 
worfcji, improving Ihe uirt^tiou of ibo out* 
l«i« of till* Gangf-a, and thouglt appoiiiti^d 
chief uAsi&tant on the ereat tri^nnmHtrirol 
Kurrpv of India in 1(^17, Iwramaim^d fur Muur 
isoatliii ia HindoeUin to complete the cMa- 
4d vhnient of a line of telegra^ic poet« from 
Calciuta to Benares. In 1818 he joined 
LitmU'naDt -colonel Wiltiaio lAiubton,«iper- 
intendmt of the survo^, at nydcrabad, and 
catLTvd with {frcat eiiirit on the duties by 
whicb hia name haa becomi> nol«wort)ty in 
the annAht of goodcity. In carrvinK tbo worli 
through an tinhcnlt by pari of liitr Xitam ter- 
ritory in It^iXI hiiv heivfth failrd, and he vna 
ordon<d t<.> thu Cap«of Qw>dIIo]K< to rwruit. 
On thrA duih fif Cnlon4^l I^niblon, 'JO .Inn. 
l?'-''' 1 utedsuperiiitcnctfntof 

tb' 1 jitbe wurlt wbtrt.'bi» 

m\-uei.4L>-'>rimu ;i'ii u, in ihu vOiUey of JJeniT, 
As extended it into tiitr moiintuinous tract on 
thp north. In >iuviimlK-r 1^24 hu measured a 
hui— Udi* in tbfl Seronj vallpy, and id \B'25 
fcad carriod the c)l»er%*ation^ on to niiaontin, 
when bii liitalth fi»w wnv, nnd hit cnnir tinrk 
tn England. TIvppb he was rtt-M-t^d F.U.S. 
8 Maivh IH:^, and, having wade biniself ac- 
qnaiatt-d with the modem practici; of thi- 
Gnslieh ordnance sarvftr. nttumed to Indin 
in JiiT" I'vtll. His labours ttnd re«uon«ibi- 
liT' <w lar^ly JDcrtaAxI, for m addi- 

tii-i 't aarbiefof Ibfi tri^Domctrical 

«irv*-y'. lii bod hccn appointed survcyor-jftne- 
rat of India. IIi? renmod oporatioiie on lliu 
vTMt arc in itUS, (mm whicJi date it wa.i 
diUgimtly carninl on until iu completion in 
iWetnbrr 1841, bv tbn rnntiuun-nx-nl of 
tlw Di-dt-rliaw-linyVyCaptain Andrew Scott 
Wnu)[1i. With ibo-MM coiicbiiliti^opi-ralions 
An arr of mnridian moro thon im-nly-nnode- 
'• !; -,1 lxrenniea<>ure«l by tbi> two 
< >- and their a«aistantff. ex- 
..^-.^ Comoiin to tbi> uorthcrn 
llntiah poamaiona in India. 
I^!-", ti.i rv'titvd from th* »r- 

'rtb in Kii;ilund. lIiH 
-'^cfljitain Isl**. major 

I 1838. His leisuri.' 
Irfinpinff nut bis work 

nl illed ' .\ji Account 
two Section* of tli« 



l1r«, and n^t 
miliiarv i<!^>: 
1831'. !'. 
wai nri' 
in ■ 




Meridional Arc of India, Iwundod by llie 
paralh-U of 18" 3* Ifi", 24° 7' 11", and 
^9= 30' 48".' For this work, which appeared 
in IA47, and the \ong (wriea of operations on 
which it was founded, the Itoyai Auroao- 
micul Soci^^ly awarded him thfirtcHlimonLal. 
The Astatic fsouivly of Bengal also elected 
him an honorary membor, and he became a 
follow uf tb^.' .\^trouumicuI and of thu Ruyal 
.A.siaiio and OiwrApliicsl S^^ctii-s. Ue was 
named a C.B. t'O Feb. I»61,and knishtedbv 
the queen nl St. Jumos's PsUce, lo Morcti 
I8<il. He served on tbt- council of the Royal 
Socielj I8(t8-5, and woe a mombcr of thu 
oouncd and n Ttce-prc»id(»nt of the Gei^^- 
phiml Society. Hift nnnu; han heon givtn to 
one of fhe biffbe^t suiimtitsof the liimalavau 
ranee, Mount. Evpr.-t«t. SO.fKJL' feet hiph. Ho 
died at lO NW-sl boumo ytnwt, Hyde Park 
(tardenfl, J^ndon, I l>ec. 1^60, lie married, 
17 Nov. 1S4(1, Emmn, vldeut diiu(;htar of 
Thomaa \\'infr, «tlr.racy-at-law, of Gray's Inn 
and of HamtiElead. 

tti-siili:>ii tli» work already meiitionr>d hti 
was tlie author of: 1. 'An .Vccount of tho 
Measun/ment of the Arcof tlw Meridian b«- 
twoen th.'parall^'Isof IS^a'anda-l"?', being 
a continuation of the Cnuid Meridional Arc 
of India us drtaih-d by I Jeut^-nnnt-colonol 
Lambiou in the volitmve of the .\jiatic So- 
ciety of Ofttcultn.' IsyO. 2. ' A .Seriwt of 
Letters addn.'K<ed lo his Hoyal Highui-tu the 
Diiktt of tSunwK. as President of the ICoyal 
8o<-iety, remonat rating against Che conduct 
of thnt luartii?d body [in deairing the court 
nf dinT.tnr!t to repose their unlimited eonfi- 
dence iu Maior Jervis und bis plans in regard 
to Indifil,' 1*111. .1. 'On liiatnimenU and 
nlxwrvatlon* for Lniigiludo for Travellers 
on I.And,' 18r>d; and also numerous papers 
in thi' trnnsActions of eacieties. 

[Monthly >'oii«'s of Asironoviieal Soc. ucvU. 
lOfi-8 (ItUt?); Jmirnnl of Oeogmphiod •^oe.. 
vol. xixrii. pp. cxr-cxriii (IBS?); Fniccifdiugs 
uf Ko^d Soc,, vul. xvi. pp. xi'Xir (I8S8) ; -An- 
nual Kt-ptrt of Ru^'al .V'iiulic Soc. nl. iii. 
p. xvi (IHfl"); StubW'a HiAtorj of Bwipal Ai^ 
tUlety.ii. 25l-*(1877);C8l.ofSei(■utilly^».|-•l■^ 
ii. fi3l (laea)]. Q. C. B. 

EVERETT. JAMES (17W-1S72>. mis- 
cclloncoiis writer, bom in 1784 at Alnwick in 
Norlhumberland, wa» the second sou of Ji^u 
Ererett and hi» wife, Margaret Ilowmnker. 
Kver^tt's father died whilu he waa of timder 
age, and thi- boy aeon Iranied to help hia 
mother. .4 Iter a short rime at a pnrato 
school in Alnwick, he was spprentioM to • 
general (Wler, where ho wm given to fun 
and pnciioal Jokes. In in03 ^ underwenfc 
a great change, joined the Wealeyan vxiatjt 



"■•"• ■• 



Rod Iwgnti to prvacli. Iff* rrfiiM*i] Kn olTrr 
niAilein \K}■^ lotHTid liiinlnllnslon Aciuii'inj 
to prepsiv for tlit> ininifetrT amoDg iht iwlf 
pttiidcMitB. At the enil of his api>rontii>*«hi[i 
m iHOt be wv&t to Sundt-rlunc], niiJ tbera 
showml nncb pTeadiini; ]ton-erthKt iit Dccciq- 
ber 1800 ho vm TURontnu-nilcd fur the rr|^- 
ioT ministry ataoo^ tin* WViilvyaiu, and vna 
duly accppttn] by thu cunfLTonci-' o( r.fao Tol- 
lowinR yiiir. ilie lirel cirL-uilir won.' t^uii- 
Of'tland, Shivliln, and I1«-][ht in IVrtiysUirv. 
Hh obtained a ^ood knowledge of practical 
theolo^'y, niid a widwHOquaintntici' wilb );otin> 
ml [itiTAiiire. Ill Aii^iist 1810 he marrif^d 
Elizabeth lltitcbinnon nf Hiindf^rUod. At nn 
early pt'riod he farmed tin; Iinbir of taking 
careful noti» of itio tvU-brtttwl cliaract+^ra 
vhom he mot, and thus prcsL-rvcyJ rccollcc- 
tioDS of Itoberl 8out li'^y, yi-^l luiin.-.<it<t!, Jaiuvf 
MoHt^ODi(?rr, Wiltiniu l)aw.4nti [q. v.l, and 
maiiy othi-ni. lu Itlo bu vme appoiDlvd tu 
the Manc^tif^ter circuit. Oii Br<-oiiiit. nf a 
eeriouB thrual affet-tioninlSSI, KverettgBVo 
up llic TX'i^ilar mini^lrv ntid bec-ainp a book- 
aellnr, flnti in !^!i>'tti<-lrl, aft^ru-nrdc iti Mnn- 
Chester. lie bud bei-ii coUectinR maiCTiuIs 
for tbo history of rarthodi^m in ihcrAt'towns, 
jmn of which h« ptibli^hud. H« wiw the iri- 
liniuti? friend anil liet-aiue the biographer of 
Dr. .\iluiii Clatkc [ij. v. J ETOntl pr[inchi>d 
occa^ionnl and fine(;ial Mtmxiiii irbilf in biiiii- 
new, and t-xlctnlfd his popularitv. In Ifttl 
b« n'SHint-d full miniKl'.'niil work nt N*»w- 
C46lle-on-Tyne, and iht-nrc nio^-«l to York 
in 1839. Xliniugb failure ^f health liv v.'ns 
•ffnin mntie a iiwperminiernry tnini«l«T in 
lv42, but reniaijiod in York, aiid employed 
hi«pfn more actively than ewr. 

T1i« iiKkMt importnnt crcnt in Kvcrdt'* life 
was bifi expulsion fr*im ihi- Wesl'-yun coii- 
foroBco in Aiipist IMil. For manyycnrs hp 
bad bwn oi>p'j»i''I (o thi> polifv mid woriing 
of that bodv.Bnd had pub[iJihe<i anonymously 
MVvnil volumoH of free crttiuiem, gul-L as 
*l1i« 1>t!kpitlnnt*'iii iKSn, inwliichhoar^ui'd 
against tuu echeroo for FAartio^ a ibtKiliigical 
coUiig" for thi< trnininf^of ininitli'nt. H» wnn 
tl« author of tlitt chief ]«rt of ' Wtwlcyaii 
TaViofCH.' a vfork in two volumec, containing 
dieponirinir skctcbvs of tho preachers. In 
ItM^ and followiriif vii4r« certuin clundvotioe 

OIiIt'tA, railed ■ i-ty Shi^ta,' wen* ciron- 
widuly, b'-ariiiK n'-itber priiiti'r'a nor 
publiahar'ii luunHM. 'Jlixv rnuTiuni^l Minnua 
chnrcL's nninAt. the lendini; men of the rnn- 
fwn-run, r-tfliyiiHgUithon their public actions 
and pi^Monal chonictiT. A ^>niTiil !^ii.4pictnn 
attribiiii^'d the authorship of ihea^ patuph^■lB 
to Kvemr. Ho wa« l»r.jnKht btifon-lh- ffi*- 
ferenct' and i|U?Mioni<«] rutpivlinjf thtim, but 
decliiu'd to giv« any anawer. Ai^er further 



iiuiiiiry and dutcuwion hn woe formally ex 
IMllfw) (aee Minutta a/ the. Mfthaflitt Cunff, 
iinffm, 3tL 27(M!iL'). Everett then took tl 
Inul in an aptulion a^n»t thi- confrrei 
which shook the uutirv Wttdvyan couudq' 
nity, and re«ult«d in the lata of over twq^ 
bundrnl tbouaond mi>mhrrs nnd adhermtA.' 
Sofn>_- of the «e«edent joiiieit otiivrs who had 
prvvioiifily k'ft tlit> 'old body' (so called), 
and furmf^l n nvw tvcl, which ihvv Blylod tbt 
' Unitrtl .Mctbodial Free Church. Tbi» wai 
in Ii^oT. and Everi'tt wa« elecled the liral 
prejiid>-Mt of tlw-ir lutw-mMv, whicli nw< al 
Kocbdale in July of that T<'ar. 'lo Ihi; end 
of hix life Kvereli remained a tniniol«r of 
thiitrommunity, tilling thrir pulpitis aj< bttalth 
and opportuMilT permitted, llf livt^ for 
sumoy««rs in Nowca»tlc, and finollvin Sun- 
derland. Ho wrote many articles /or inago- 
iine« and printed a few [loems. In July 
1^06 hiH wife diud, li>nviot;iio childiGn. Kro- 
rett had formwl a lar)n< c^lh-ctiiin nf mcilto- 
diHt litvrature, both printed and in manu- 
wrript. 'Hn'W' be di#p'ie<-d of to tlie Kev, ' 
I.ulte Tycmian, the bi<i|^pher of \Ve«lt>r,j 
Ilia library was bouKbt after his deaUi fol 
the th^^olii^icat iu»titiito '^f the invth'tdist 
free chureh. He di«d at Sunderlaud 
Fridny, 10Mayl87a. 

His work» aro: I. 'Histficyof Mcthodi* 
in Shcllifid and it« vicinity,' vol. i. ItfifSLJ 

3. ' Historv of Mcihodi.iira in Manchesti*i 
and it- virinilv.'pt. i. 1^27. .1, 'TIk- ViI- 
iHire Itlitrksmiih : Memmra of 3. Hi.-k.'IMl. 

4. ' Mwin, or Xortb'imbria's lt"yal Fuyiti' 
lU-atori'd,' a metrical lalo of 8«toii time 
msi, b. 'llie R^temicUivine: S[em>3irsol 
Vmv. p. Imoc ■ li^». «. ' Mcni..ira of VVil- 
liu-m DiiwAon, IM:i, 7. 'Corpvpntidcnce cf ' 
William l>aw*.n,' 18J2. 8. • Adam Clark* 
Porirttypd/aTnU. IMS^O. 0. 'TheWiJls- 
»nd Miner: Li^of \V.Crist«r,'2nd wl. 1H5I, 

10. 'The' Caiup and thi' SancHtary,' 1» 

11. 'OnthvringH fn.>tD the Pit llenpfl, or 
All.n*-.rSiiinMvK..w; i«!l. \-2. 'ITi.- Mid- 
shipmun and tlie Minisier: f^kelch of tbe 
Hi-r. A. .\. ltec«. rirra IWtl.* Ev^r^tf wii*1 

; e.o-edilor with John Holland of '.Memoir*, 
of the Life and ^^'nfillgB of Janws Mont" 
goinery,' 7 vols. I8o4 6. 

lChuw% JiiBM Evutrtt : a IV i:|t;ij 

UinatM of tbo WwOi-ynn Coilf" 
Ovtiiawof Wolcyan Bibl)ugni|ibv. mrk-.i, j 

vr. 11. ; 

EVERITT, ALI.CN KinVAUU ( lHJ-1 
ISh:} ), itrtii-t .Ixtm in Rirminghnm in lt^i!4,n-i 
the '•on of I'Mwiml RvKriti, an art ilealnr in 
}linninzliam, and irrandsonnf Allen Kvirit 
a well-known Rinnint;hata artiat and draw- 
ing-master. Ili4 maternal gnuidfathcr wu 



Eversden 



89 



Eversden 



II ^^ ^ 

^^ Oar. 

m 



Ex.rin .-K-'.y abov-vd ibat lie Iiad inlit-hted 
al II.' facullie» of hiii parDnl«. II(^ 

i\^' nils in wirly life fnim l>nvJiJC'-<>x 

^q-V-j iliii3)K-ciul Iflleat iux»i sluiweil itm-it" 
tD be tiifl illui'truti'kii of old biiililiii^ iiiid 
intenon. Tallin^' Hiniiinf{)inra iw n o-uint, 
be nwdi* careful drawinzii of almoAt eren' 
a[Mt in llie midluuds n-bicu [Kieacinod arclueo- 
1o|(iciil <>r bi^Moririil inliTri't. B«t.W««n ibft 
•gp of tbirtT nnd fan v ha mnde pnintlng toura 
in ths old lownt of IM^um, t'mnc«. Bud 
Ckmnanr. After this liu d«voTo4] bimsclf 
more Mip«ciallr to iitt>di«« of interiors, bis 
k l- iiodnntiiilTinniniti^r^^wloiir. 

In 1- ' ji/im-d llio Itovi)] Soci'.-ty 

Arti"w...i l.uiiiifi^ham, of wbich ha be- 
raiD<<! in 18«*i8 bun. svcrrtury, n post whii'b hv 
held till hiii dtrath. Ilv bad nn imiiortant 
ootuiiectioii ns dmwing-tnafilcr in tbi< mid- 
Und«. For mtiay j-t-nm he tau^bt drawing 
Bt the BirmincUua T>e-af nnd I Kiinh Instil u- 
tk>n, of whicli be was alno virtiintly t1i«i 
wcfvlarv. In l-fTO tbi-ftrcbicolofpcal »«tion 
of tb«> \lidbind liisutui« waf' fanned, and 
Evcrill wait spptiinted oneof t1ichi>n. secre- 
iMtieSf coatHlmiinq p!ip«r8 to ili* ' TramutiN 
tions' on *A«ttin ('Luith,' ' Ilaudsworlb 
Church and its Surrounding*,' 'Arcbipolo- 
■lical |[i?»*i»rrUti' Trn .Mitt-^ nmnd Birming- 
ham,' 'Northlifld Church,' 'Ilampton-in- 
Anlm,' 'Old DuiMeb in tbi? Midlai>d9,\'':P- 
Errrirt- miA also for Hoint^ limp a memb'-r 
of iho Kpneral council of the iDstimte. In 
Junt; l"^ ill" acor-ptcd the \)o*t of boromrj- 
euntor of t he liirtain|,'ha[n Free Art Ual- 
)tfy, a munieipul iiutitutioii which has^lnce 
bucotnt) on<* uf llii> ui<.i«L iniporlaiil in Kn^- 
]Mui. 

In It^ Knrtft rimplittod an important 
Mrieaofdra" "ii lUlI. w-bich wltd 

OMidto illu4; i4oii'& ' History of the 

Holtn of Aiilon, iviih a I )(?»cTi[it iou of the 
Family Manai'in,' piililiHhcd in tln^ Haiiir vnir. 
Hf aU(i illlIBtnlt^^d .1. T. Bnni'fl'B ♦ lIL«lorj' 
of* 't-l ^*, Martin'*, "ihHpnrishchurcb of Bir- 

I ^erilt marriml Miu Iludfton of 

)la<-jli>. lie ili*^l «i F ■ I rifcon^ea- 

tioaof tbolunjTH, <m II i Iltovary 

lonv cntlrcLion of jVi-iclh* nm nocome in- 
rnluahla oa a a-niurial of placvs tOMOJ tif 
irli ' ' I iln-ady pnwed away. 

! ii> IWi* Pont. I'i June 1882; nir- 

i- wiai* date; yriratw ipfor* 

1 w. J. n. 

£VUK^bKN ..r KVERISDEN, JOHN" 
0* (./f. ISH.H, I'hiouii'lrr, wu» jirt-*omnblv h 
DNtivi- of <<ii» it tilt' ivi'u villagtwof thcuamt' 
IJuituii, ('iiitibridy^urv, JIv wntunrd 



the nrn{-dictin<> onlor, having been lon.iiirftV 
in 1255 ( tftron. M6'. in Luaku, pref, to Uab- 
TIiOI.o«.W OE Corros Ilitton'n Anglicana, 
p. Iv'u, lS'jJ>l, and iMcame n ini'iiibt-r of the 
abbey of Kury tit. KdiuiindA. lie waa cel- 
larer (livrv in 1300, whi'n bi^ mndo a ' valida 
expedtLio' iulo ?ior1baui]ilun«hir<f (r'A.) to 
carry out a i-laitn of hb monjwtt-ry on lh& 
manor uf Wurketon (Warlilunl. In lUu 
following yrur, 1 June, be i« niciiliontui in a 
bull of i&nifac«! VIII i^nfirmin^ tht>cle4!tion 
ofAbbol rhom»s(I'8YSSF,ff^'v.r'tr.iii.920), 
and in Janiiarr IS07 hti ntlMiAt-A tho jHiTlia- 
mtmt lit Carlisle as iiroctor for his abbot 
( Pariifftfi^ttarif tVi-it^i, i. 18ti, ed. F. l*al- 
grave, IH:??). .Nothiiii; fiittUt-r is linown of 
nil! lil'o,nDdiillhoi;;;h for c«*nturie* hewaarr- 
UKfinbcri.'d aa n ubronicler, bis L-hivf work wa$ 
ptiblisIiL-duiet'dr as B continual innoft'liiT^no! 
or\Vorci«liT(ii:iSlH'rt>,ea.B.Thorpe,I849), 
without n miapirion of itx nulborchip, e\o>pt 
that it WSB uppiirentlv wrilt^n liy fwime on« 
connftcl»wiwiibRiiry(YnoRVK,pre*f,p.x). Thw 
editinnu-asrakenfmmaTTiunuMTiptatCorpufr 
Christ! Coile^, Cambridge. No. \)2, whicll 
Htopiiod rtliurl. at \'JM&. Another manuscript, 
unknown to ilie editor, thougli luiiMitioiied by 
older biographeri of KvLTsden, i* prest.'rvtd in 
the C-ollegu of Anna (Norfolk MS. 30), and 
extendi a» far as l:AI(> in one handwriting; 
it ia thence continued until l;iO],Hft.»rwhit!li 
dale then- ia iibrvxk until I9I!{, 'when n (••vr 
slight noiifreit flcciir, ]Xii, in another hand, 
and ilia third an entry of iyy2'{Li'»itD. I.e.) 
The inferenoi' i« tlmt tho work of Flverwleii 
hima^If eodt^din 1301, if not inl2W},aud thLa 
ehrrtnick- i« only orifiiniil for the last portion. 
Down to I IS;} il is 11 inui^cript of Imirj' of 
llinitintc^lnn and his continuator, and thence- 
forth to linn it ia ft transcript of John of 
Taxster, likewbe a monk of Si. £dmun<lH. 
The chronicle thus only p«»«we» on inde- 
pendent Tfthm fur ihelast Ibirty-six years; 
but during IhesK jeam tliework of Kventdtm 
•uema to have been in eomwlerable demand, 
since it wiw evidently borrowed and InrKely 
made OGe of both br Itnrthohimew Cotton 
fi'A. pp.lv-lriii) and Johnof lUnesd (CAnm, 
JohannU tie Oj-«irt/^.*,cd. Sir U. Ellis. 1869). 
Some considers hie i-xlmcl* made from Kver»- 
di'n liy ItiL-hard James are pr»>son-ed in iho 
BodI-i«n Library (Jam-.* >1.S. vii. 11'. W-TS). 
Bcaides this main chronicle, which beartt 
tbe title 'Herii!# temp<>rum ah initio mimdi,' 
Everwlen wim the nnihur nf ' Itefrnu priMioa 
An)fliai ?'t {nnim ppUcopsliis,' a lint of names 
oimipiliil ntxint i 2/0, and preserved in manu- 
script at the CoUefffi of Arms (xxx, 4^; se4 
Sib T. D. ilAiii>r, DetcripHr* Vataloyiu of 
MnuuAftipt .tfatrriith, iii. 176 et (>ei]., 1^71 ). 
To these wriliuga llaiu adds {•Selden MS. 



mipro. (U, f. 109 ^ IlodL Ltlw. ; SerJ/tlt. Brit. 
Cfa/.bk. r. $ 40, p. 410) 'ConcardAniuc divitun 
Historw.' 'Legiun Uedall*' (poeau), ind 



'CoBCOTtlift Decreloram.' 
[Aaiborities cited abore.] 



B.L.P. 



EVER8LEY. Vrsconrr. [See Sbav- 
LKTirrRE, I'liABLis, 17'M 188^.] 

EVESHAM. nroU OP (dU»87>.c»idt- 

D&l, U colled Almtiii by Ijalin wrnlnrx, tiul 
n liefD mad Lenoir hy the Italian and Frencli. 
It U powiblv that this i« it tnuulntioa oTthe 
English name Black, but tht-n; is no cridenoo 
in support <if the coDJwtare. lus name nersr 
occiimni^ in an Enpli«h form. He was Wu 
at Eveabata, educak-d at bi>th the Eugiish 
unironitiM, and coniplet«d his atndJM in 
France and Italy, liv appbvd bimaelf npe- 
cially to nmtbt^mntiics and medicine, and fmm 
his ]frofivii'ucy in the latter aeieocR acquired 
the name of * Plio-itix/ Ortain niMiical 

rHtiona being under discuK'ion at Romo 
ut ISW, Eveebam was invited to go to 
itomo and gire his opinion by the then pope, 
«ilher Nicholaa 111 at the close of his ponti- 
ficate, or .Martin I\' attheconmenceroenl •^{ 
hi?. ThL>Uttli.TpoiitifrnppoiDtedET8shambi8 
pbiihic'tnii,nii<liil hi* liot i-rt-atiimnf canliiinU, 
on 23 >Urch l£Sl,ul Ur\-ieto, pmnioted him 
to Ihatdignitv, with (he title "I' ^t. Laurenci> 
in I.uoina. He spent the remainder of his 
life in Rotoe, where ho acled as prwtor for 
the Aithbifthop of Ynrk. Several iMters 
addressed 1o bim are entered in the register 
of Arohbishnp PMkhum at I<Amtx>th, and in 
those of other biebope of his time. PovUliam 
vrrites to him as sn old suociato both iu the 
university niid at Home. 

ITe died in ilia?, on "i7 July, according 
to tho Worcccter annalisl, who ascribeo hu 
death to poison. Taoaer gim the date as 
S3 Sept., but on wluit nuthoriljr does not 

Howaa buried in th^chiircliofSanl^Tenio 
in Lueiiia,near iho (uicri?ty, but his tomb 
no Inn^^pT I'xiHlft. His eoclwia-'tica! pn-fvr- 
meniR in Kiiplnnd wore; jin.'b.>ndQry of Bote- 
vanl.Vnrk, prebendary oiIIugthur|.>o, 11 Nov. 
1279, archdeacon of Woreester, IS76, aiui 
rector of i^poflortb, Yorkshire. 

Tlie XxKiis whieb hn i» said to faavit wrilt^^n 
aruiu foUuvii: 1. ■ IX' GeneiJogiishiimaiuD.' 
2. ' Cniionra Mi-dicinnU'«.' 3. ' Problemala.' 
4. * Super ( >prtr« f^briiitn Isaac ' (iacip. * Quo- 
niam da jUii bonitate sic lit est ). Q. *Uis- 
tinctiones predicnbiles.' fl. '!5enno in Ito- 
minirn Scptuagesimiv.* Tli'_'fo Li u coi)y of 
thn last-mentioned in tbe Hodloian Library 
( Bodl. MS. ao. f. 2tW), but tho othwra am not 
known to )h extant. 



[Ciiuuniiuit Vitc FoiitifT. ii. i^i; [Su«| 
Senptaras Aas\. p. 370; 3krini. Dt^li ArcliiN 
iriPontifty.p. 27; TMiu*r"»BiM. Biii. p 4)6 ;1 
Cnr-lclla's Hsaiorio ds' Onidinali, i. 'i'l , Anmileaj 
d« Wigwnia (Bolls ed.), p. -191 ; Rtg. V,pi»u J.l 
da PocfchaiB (Rolls «].>, pp. 319, S28, :UII. aTsJ 
703, 71 1, 749, 781 ; Unrth. Coltoo (Rolls «!.),] 

B1«l i Ia) Jimt't Fasti, iii. 74. 119; Eioftl 
!et. dv la ^dsoins. ) C. T. M. 

EVESHAM, TIN' ALTER op tl.^h a-nt.)J 
Benwlicline. [iSee OoistOTotr, WlLTkU.] 

EWART. JOSEPH (ITM-l-e-i), diph». 
Qiatist, ddest con of ihe minist«rof TVoquoei 
in ihft Atiiwartry of Kirkvudbrit;ht, was lK>rn 
on 30 Anril 17A0. Ho vmx odutTitrd ul l)um- ' 
fries Bncl at ICitinbiirgh UniTt<r»ity, and ilten 
acted as tn%-ollin£; tutor to .Mitcli-'iiuld uC\ 
CUmooald. While ubroad, Eworl madi; tbd J 
ac^uainlance of Sir Jobn 8ti>pni-y, BriliiiU| 
mioisUT ut Dresden, and nSlur toat diplo-l 
matist hud Ix^rn tmnJifiTmvl lo IWIin, Kwnrt I 
bommu in rapid BtrnTestiion bi^ private ^LtTrt-l 
Ury and then secietanF- of legation. In ihis] 
capacity he gave so much aalisfaction that] 
after acting as chargt d'aHaires itvui 17'<7to4 
178r', be was, in spite of his yauth, up|ioinle<l| 
envoy extraordinary and miniitter piunip'i- 
tentiur>totlteKingofPru.t.MKiiu&Aiig. li8H.j 
The utiialiun was very dithcult, for it waaj 
Wtl's design, niuiii't'-cl bv Lord MaliiMtsbuiyiJ 
to induce Frederick ^\''iUiAm of Prussia ba] 
iiilervvnu in the uQ'aire of Holland; Iu pal 
down rhi- r<^i-(i1utionarj party lh«iroi ana tc 
n*-- lit' Pnnc« of (Iraoge as biihIuI 

hnlil ■ d<»ign was carriMl out, andj 

Enun ubiaitiLxl much crudit for his «Iiure iul 
the Iransiieliand. (Jf hix subsni|ittiiiL conduct j 
at ihv eourl of Berlin there are coatrudii^turyj 
reports, for the French ivvolutioacommviic«u| 
in I7t&, and p*ni-«n-t mnd op|i(>ni<iilo of lb*{ 
English foreign pulicyufthal peril id rvpn-fT-nbi 
the minister's Imluiv'iour in ilillVrvnt lighu.1 
Ewurt liaa been accuiicd of adopting too] 
iwrtiniptory an attitud<> Lownrdii thu Kiiiffiifj 
Pmsfiitt and hii* minieteri. of thus aLenutinjfj 
llietnfromUiiglHiid. Ilecertainly * ' 
howL'Ter, in concluding the marrin. 
b«twe«n the l>ul(v ut York and li' 
daughter of I lif Kingof PruMia,andn'oeirml| 
warm acknowl>:dgm>>uu from the kini;. Ui«l 
beiiltU bnwking down, lut resigned iin aj 
pension of 1,000/. a year and apmrniteot' thai 
order of the Unlli, lie left Berlin <m '{Nnr.l 
17111. 114 diivl at hi» brotli'-r's huii«e ittj 
Bladud's Uuildingii, Batb, on 27 Jan. ITI^tj 
and was buried iu Buth Abbey, where a tablei 
is eTiKit»d to bis memoT?-. A ■tateiu"ut thsQJ 
be died out of his mind, and anolh'ir (hy| 
"NVrusnll") 1 hat his death wiw due to fin! play 
of the Empress Catherine, an eatiri'ly difr* 



p 



nvm] byrftcl* iiresH^ri^ in the familv psp^rs. 
ila niftm«d in 1785 a daugbtor uf Cuunt 
SV^ntoDslivlM^ii, by wlutni In; Irfl. udm Mm 
(klWvardji Lieut^nAnt-gc-ncnil KwBrl,C.B.) 
uid two dMigblvni. 

(Ocnt Uag. Fobraiiry 1792; I»rd SIaIbic*- 
bury't Lectan mod Oonw]nodm»o: LotUra Mod 
OomBpoadiiKa of Sir JamM BIaiuI Bnivw, od. 
Uiir-toD, l»U,] H. U. S. 

EWART. Wn.LIAM (179e-18n9).poH. 
tieiftiifSCCondsiniof Willmm Kwort of Liver- 
pool, mifivbant, by ManraiVi diusfaler gf 
Cbri9to[ibcr Jaquca of Bodiil>', Yorksaire, and 
ii«pbi>ff of Jwvpb Kwfirt [ij. v.], vom bom 
in Ltverpixil an 1 Mav 17ys, aod educfttcd 
lit Eton Crom l-^ll to 1^*17. l*it8)uiB lo 
Cliri«t rburcli, Oxford, h» cjirried off in ]8IU 
tbe college jiritfl far Liitia vmte, and in 
IKS) bis pcM.111 gwnrd t1i>' \eudJKbI<- prise, 
thf Mibject Uitag ' The Tt-nijtlf- of Diajia at i 
BBheni*.* nvobtainedaBMondclumincIaMi- 
em lioaoius, and proceeded B^. on 13 June 
tr<l'l. H« wit»caU«dto tbeborattbeMiddle ' 
Tiimilt! on 26 Jan. 1827, and on 23 July in 
the lollairinc >'»(tr Ltilvfi'dparliiunenl for tbe 
bofough of lUetcbiiirtWv, Surrey. On th« 
lUnth of bi£ frii>nd William HuskimoQ h« 
bvoaiw) a candidal^ fcr lii« native town, and 
*ft. - <f spven days defeated bis com- 

pel : Erplyn DoniHm [<|. v.], on 

alU.Srik i- If, livanarrovr majority, the votes 
beiBg '^.iflT'ivgalnet :^,lr:«ti. Ilo wa» reelected , 
for Liv^Tpml in 1831, 1h;12, and 18Sfi, but 
in ISS7 waHdefeatedby Sir Cresawi-lK^s*- 
v«Il, one of the lory candidntca. I Ic obtaiocd 
» tent tar Wj^an on )) Marcb \'*3^, de&at- | 
i:ia JkIiii IIhUdr Kearali*y by Iwo votcaooly. 
U bi^iraa elect od for tbe Dum- 
'<r burglu, wbicb include Kirk- 
radhn)(ht, tlMi orttfinal wnL of tua family, and ' 
au fEvihateotutttuency until IBfo.'nbuu bo 
nrtiiyd frnm gmlilic liJr>. From the earliest 
mn of his rai^t-r bf< frc4]iienll; spoke in ]>iir- 
liamfQt.. botb on aubjijcts of K^nnral prtlitip-, 
lnwhii.-b be wiw always an ailrnnnod lilxtral, 
■UMlalwon coaitm<ir>u1innil«ni. Kmm 18S4 
bo aupipcnl^tltoritpealof ihii corn Iaw8. On 
1 A I " "■' li'^broiigbl fitrwunl a motion for 
till >n uf ibf dutiofl on East nnd 

"^^'c'^ 111.111.11 ruifu. and P_-iH-at*'<l it uuuually 
(lanni; tli<' Mi-lUmmo tn'iniai^triitiOD. In 
ItUU bt) camiMi a bill, 4 ,<C Ti Will. IV, c. 36, 
ier imttg ivny WLtb tijini.niii; in i-lniin.-, nnd 
:|a Ik.'!? «„. ,'[,i. wtiins of net 7 Will, IV 
It '.)l beiov paawd for abolishing 

.,.-.. !..uunt fornorw,cattlc,andidieop 
n^ , tienUne in a dweUing'boiuu below 
alu« of tii., b'tter atealiiij^, and aacriloge. 
Ha prahihicion on prisooun in ewieu of felony 
favg drfatidod by «ounaal wa» lemovvd by a 



bill wbicb he carriwl in 1836,8* 7 WilLIV, 
c 1 14. t>n behalf of the worldnK elassuH be 
advocated the onminjr of public museiima 
and gallcriee as tree rrom every rettrictiun 
aa poteiblo, and in 1^?^ hu drovr elu> tvport of 
a committee which lit? had obtained on 'the 
conui-oLion bclwoea aria and mannfarturM,' 
wbii'h Ind Ui I Iw' t.««tabl>sbmvnt of (heSchoolif 
of Design at Somervt House, London, in tlie 
foIlowtuET year. In 1840 and later yrmre be 
prdjKMwcl lli(> abolition of capital p«iushm«nt. 
A aelect commit l<>i.' upon this subject waa np- 
point«l upon his motion in 18U1. In 1841 
and later yvan lie moTed for an annual siale- 
m«nt upon education by a minibtur of tbo 
crovn, afterwards adopted. Ue mnvml for 
tbt! vxaminatiun of candidatea for the civil 
service (184S), for the army (1847), and 
for tbtt dlplomutic sen-ico (I8i'>ii), mt^aanroa 
fiiilist>i|ui-iitly udipliil; as >viis a\K> lhi> ex- 
clu£i«n from coinmitteos on pnTiito bills of 
int>TiTJ>U^l person*. mo\-e<l by bim in 1811 
and 1k47. Tn I^oO bo carrii-d a bill, 13 & 
14 Vict. c. ti^>, for cstablisbing free publie 
librariri siipportt^d by public rates, a measure 
which luiit Ivd to llie eitaiili«lmienLof ulkijgB 
number of totvn libraries in England [«•• 
undur Kdward^, Edwaud]. The usu of the 
mi^iric BVKtem of weights and m>>aiiiin.ix was 
also legalised by on act which ha wna tbe 
nit<nnt) of iMunng on 1^9 July 1864, '17 S: 29 
Vict. c. 1 17. In 1867 lie proposed a mi>(wurb 
of university reform, wluch led to the sd- 
mttMton of 'iinaltaclM>>d «tudents.' He died 
at bis country hou^.Uroadleas.iMivDcviJCoa, 
on 'ja Jan. l'860. Ue married, in 18^, his 
cousin Mary Aane, dai^hter of Qeoree Au- 
gustus Lee of Singleton, near Mancn^ler, 
who dii^d on 11 June 1837. Tlis _voungi>r 
brother, Joseph Christopher Ewort, was mem- 
ber of parliainrnt for Liverpool from l8.V>to 
I860, and diiKi at BroodJeas on 14 Dec. 186B, 
aged 68. 

EiMtrt was the antlior tif the follon-ing 
works: 1. 'TbeTermple of Diana nt Ephesus, 
the Newdigate prize |>oem for 18^, piiblisbod 
in 'CbriMchurch Newdigate Poems,' |8:J3. 
2, 'The neform of th« Reform Dili,' 1838. 
li. 'Taxiuion,' speech in favour of ibo Hubetilu- 
t ion of a system of more direct tasation, 1 847. 
I. 'Capital ]*uui»bmi'nt,' spowh in favour 
of an iuciuiry by a ^bct ci>uimitt<-» into thi< 
expedience of maintaining capital imnish- 
mentf I806. fi. 'Settlement in India and 
Trade with Central Asia,' a spr<>ch. l.<)8. 
lie was also the Hubject of the following 
works : 1. ' Tn bo !>nla by Auction, in front 
of the Town llall, Casltc tStreet, Two Havka. 
John llewilt, auctioneer,' an elect i'Hu-rri 11 g 
eatin) upon W. Ewart and J. Morris, two of 
the candidates at the Livtnpoul rleotioit in 



jan 



Ewbank 



92 



Ew'bank 



IBSS. 2. ' Letters l« tlw Uifc'lii H"i». Lord 
John RuBwII. B; F.. ItAmes the younger. 
Witli an appendix contaluiogcomq>ond«iiov 
with W. l-iwart, 1M«.' «. 'T)«)wt« in the 
Hmtee of Ci)mmoiu> on 3 May 1^04 upon Mr. 
Kirart's Voliun for a Si-loct CommittM to 
inquire into 1I10 i-xpfdiiiioer of auuntaiuin^ 
tlw runiKhmernt of Utfatli,' 1H(M. 

[BcfpKtrr nml MagutM at Biornpliy, l 1 16, 
S09-IO, ■;22(18(l&); llluMraii-d Lotxton Sen. 
'J6 July IS4S, p. 63 villi portniil. fi FcL. 1869, 
IX 147, •nJ a JlHrdi. p. 237 »ilti [iirtrait; Law 
Tiines, 30 Jan. 1889, p. Zfifl ; I«v M«|!anD«and 
law nerim, zzvii. 177 (1S69); Timw, SS Jiw. 
18ft9, p. &.] a. C. fi. 



EWBANK, JOHN W. (i:9H?-1847), 
painUT, bom al (iutvshvad, lltirlmtn, in or 
ikbuul i~'M, viNH niloiitnl whi-n n child by a 
^eallhy uncle who livwl nt Wyeliffu, on tiii! 
anks of Ihs Tw», YorkBhirc. IWing cle- 
("ipncfl for iin? Ilomfin aitholip prieethood, lie 
was <tcnt to t'«tiAn' CoItcKe, from which be 
absconded, aiid in 1613 hound himi>t'lf ap- 
pn^nticK to T. CoiilMin, an oreauvutal painUT 
■a NHW(-n»tIe. So strong liad becoue bis low 
for art ihat on remoriog vith his nuuur lo 
Kdinbur|;;1i, ho vinf allovml to study under 
Alexandt-r Nn<uiiyth. His t&lenta Kion pro- 
cured him pmct ioo both asn [wnlvr and a 
It^Hohcr. Th-i fniednm and truth of his 
Hktftclies from ualun-wi-reewwcially admired; 
undaM'rii'-»of>lrft"ninff*o''F^''i»h»iihbTlum, 
fifty-out- in immlxT. wi're engrive*! by W. H. 
Lixars for Dr. Jainc* IJrciwnc'jt ' I'icrur>Mque 
View* ofL^liuburKb,' foL lii:i'>. His repma- 
tioii, lioweviT, will be found lo rest muinty 
upon hi^ cabinet piclun-a of banks of rivers, 
coul eevDua,aml murtuv lubjecl*. About lU:^) 
he esaayM) workd of & mor« ambitions cha- 
netiT, audwas numiuult'd in 1830onoof tlw 
fnun[)aliiiiim«'inhi'rsoftht']{i>ya]ScottU)Iu\ca- 
deror. He painted ' The Visit of Goopfa- IV 
lo tclinhiircli,' 'Tlw Kntryof AifxnmiiT the 
Gn-At into Habylon,' and * Hannibal cnuwing 
the Alps,' all worki of much ability, yet by 
no mr-Ans equal to his londscupt*^ A ' Vitiw 
of I'^iJinhiLfKhfron) Inchkeitb,' which bolonf;* 
to this p«riod, rxhihitd higher quikIitir-« of 
exceUenoe. Ewbank wan now ni ihu huight 
of hiH n-putal ion ; in <uie year bin laboun^, it 
is 8aii), brought him the handsoma Bun of 
S,60tH, But b« mddi'nly^ivt) way lo habi- 
tiuil istoxi«alion, his witV and chihlrenwerp 
reduced to want, and he him^tf becamv the 
t«D«Dl of a mipirrBblo cellar. During this 
last twelvfl yi'«r» of bis lifw his piciorfls Wfn 
frM|ui'ntIv pain(»l in the taprtwrn of an a)i«^ 
liuut'.oriii hixown wTtrtchwlnlHidc, ' wIrti',' 
wr)l<4i one who iiiti'W him mi-H, ' u Militarj- 
chair uul a pitu or two of bricka formed the 



only arliclrw in the ehapu of furniture to be 
M>«o — ihv wiudow-eill ser^'ing for hi^ inucl. 
They w«R) genKraily painted ou tin, wtthri 
an hour or two, and sold on the inntaoLwi 
and unvuniifhrd, fur i>ixpenCK <ir a «liilUn| 
which waa iromediatelv sp<^nt in minij>ln 
iag to his sensual fjTotlfi<:ati«n«.' He di' 
of typhus fev«-r in the infirmary ut RU 
bHrg'h, -26 Nov. IW7. Few of lii^ picU 
hsTe been exhibited in London. 

[Tba Art Unioa (I8I8), x. fil; G«aL 
DM* iwr. xxix. 6W ; Kcd^miVa Diet, uf Aili 
(J878), p. 14«.] Q. a. 

EWBANK, THOMAS (I7O2-1P70), 
writer on practical mechanics, was Ihitii at 
Bamanl CWlIc, Purbam, onll Martrh 171*-, 
When thin-x-n yeani of age he )»!^n work 
as a plumber and brasefouader. In 1»1:J he 
went to London, where be -wh* emnloyt^d m 
makin^casw for preserved meats. lli»«pare 
houn wore given to reading. In It^lU he 
emignited to America, and next year be^aa 
bitaiues* in New York na a maniilacIiiriT 'if 
U-ad, tin, and copper tnlnng*. In l&^tfi he was 
able to ri-lin- fn^'in bu«in<.-ss nnj devote him- 
self to studies and writings on mi><>hanic«. 
In IS45-6 he travelled in Brazil, and on his 
return pnblishc-d an afiv>nnt of hifl travels M 
* Life in Uraxit' (New i'ork,1^6ti). He was 
appointed conimi^g^iuncr of paleniA by lV«t- 
de»t Taylor in 1841). He wnii atladced for 
the manner in which he fullilled the duties 
of hit) uBiLV, which he held till 18,5:^ ^bm) 
VAnr;}!'* ayiimtt ThviMU EvJkink, Vontntu- 

mittfil to Pri'sidi-nl FilhiK>iX', Januiiry ISJil, 
by five individual or companir:^ ; al.vi Wil- 
LUU C. Fi'LLBk'b Charge/i affaiiut Tkomaa 
Eiehank, New VorV, IWil ). 

Ewbank was one of the fiHnidera and 
prraideni of the American Ethnok 
ciety. He died at New York on 
1870. Ewbankwrote: I. * A Uescripfii 
Historical Aceount of Hvdraulie and orh<T 
Matihinvs fur Haisiug \Vater, .\ucieiii ami 
Modem, including the proprefwivp develc ~ 
ment of the Steam Enffine,'>tew York, li" 
mth .fl. t87B. 2. ' The World a Worknhol 
or the Phvsieal Rulatiun nf Man Ui ll 
Earth,' N>w York, IKM. 3. *Tlinu(iht« 
Matter and Force,' New York, 1S.W. ■». 
minisoeaces of the Patent < itlice, and 
Sc«nc« and Thinfi in Waxhington,' Nf 
York, !8IVy. 5. ' Inorganic Foree.* ordaina 
to fltipersedu Human fjlavery,' New York, 

I?00. Ewbank alw ■■ -■• '■■- ' 

•Calt»Ti.'d )>aper» on sci-' 1 

of ihem apiifared in thi 

Franklin luiiJitiii''.' lltw ' Kx|nTiir."'«l« 
Marine i^ropulsion, or th« Virtue of Form 



Pt^clting Ulades,' Kttract«(l K>ni« attcntioD 
in Eurnpe. 

Jt?Tdcif»diii of Annnmi LilvrattiTv; ItijilL-j 
; Di:ij*» AmvrieaD C^ltxpaidU ; Men of the 
Txi Ott. Af S»i-iitirlc I'Apm (ItiOU- 

liv iix's Diet, uf Kogluli I/iiemturei 

Eri:.iliii.C<iul F. W-t. 

EWEN, JOror (l7JI-lft!l). wlio is CT^ 
ililwl Willi tilt? sHtlionJiipof lL*t wpll-knijwn 
So"''^> -•' .' *0 TT^cl may 111-* bftnlii) row,' 
«r Monirnso in 1741 -if poor pn- 

i»T I ■ i— iTwl onlT « TftT *lrnarr cdii- 

CBti»n. lint lau Mivi-*] n few |><iundi« h« woiiC 
ia 176:? to AtH.TtItvii, wh&n> lie opened ■ anuJl 
hknlwuv tlnip. Tliifl iippvarv tu liav» pro*- 
pm-tl, but the chief ri«i.' in hU fortunes was 
ow'mr to Ilia murria(;e in 1706 to Janpt ' 
Mi'J'lli'lon.otii.-nf livi> ilauglitvr^ofa yani juid I 
■Inckin2 nialH^rin Aht-nleen. llirouffh hor, i 
who di«l shortly aftor givini; birtn lo a ■ 
ilau^ttr, he bccnnic pp^«c«,«f<l of orift-balf of 
bth fat Iitrr-in -law's prop<'ny. Ewen died on 
SI fM. 1^1*1, leftvinjt, after the paTHifnt. of 
Vftrioas auras to I ho public clinntii" of AKt- 
di»ii, iboiit IJptKW'. to found n boaiiitnl in 
M on! roa^, similar to Gordou's ftospitul, Alwr- 
divii, fur t.b» uiniriti-nanci* Mid v^iicntion of 
boTH. Tbf will was r.hallMigedlytliP datigh- l 
tcr'j. t-ItI'^"^"', and after contlictmg di-fision* I 
in court of acMtian waa appealed 

Uy T lx«tl», wlio, on 17 Nov. l^SO, | 

M'' < mcnt on thi't^und thiil 

it- iti constNiuii^ict^ of iu want I 

Ml : 1 Iu the iuiD to be accumulaU'd 

by . -t bdbro building and rut to tliu 

uutulfir <>t' U>ja to b« educated on t)i« fouii- 
datinn. ' O wwl m«T tha boatw' row ' was 
pulitii^brd nuoni*mouily in Johnson's ' A-'jta 
Miiticiil MuM-iim.' It is tliiw cljaractt-riswl 
by ' I( is a i-Lanniriff difplay of wo- I 

mi. I 'ti tninjjliafr with t1i>- oinc^-rna | 

Will 'M-iij<iin[)nji nflifit. It iJi nearly (qual to 
"TifTf'n nn* luck nboul tb" house."' | 

[.Si-ota Mag. nxw <wr. I.\82\). ti C,2i^: Ston- \ 
hnmn ■ nol(« to Jc>hliv)n'*Scv>t< Miiair*] Muwxiin ; 
Wiiaud and ^hnw'<> Cwn dr<ridf>d ra tin' Horn* , 
•I I«i«li> ua ai>|<««l fruDi Ibd l*.oarla of Scotlnikl, 
rr a«-«l.l T. F. H. ' 

EWBN8,«KfM NEWPORT, MAURICE 
tlilll - UW7 1. ji-(iii. [Sw Nkwtort.] 

EWER, EWERa, Of EWREB, ISAAO , 
(J. lll&O), n-tiidd». ' at Brat hut a wrvinft- 

tnnn" v. I: ■ ' li. .-uti IiLt L-«tatc with tbi* ware',* 
J"r. ii-ntary armr in H'l:; and 

nil -? n cuI-Ti-'l of fool. Jit' 

bt- ^ C'aall*), M<.n- 

w ' I wbicli oocanioii 

hi- I t>> hini.«elf in U\» 

'{■■'.. i.iiiiin'lo llio parlia-, 



Rtent, V03 marked by n««dtcsa violence and 
cruelty (ef-^V HlTStjocKB,M»m'rnal*,\ip. 357, 
1158). He waa alao preaeut at tin niege of 
Co]vb>!«t(T during the aainti yunr, and ibnut'd 
ontt of the [-iiiiiicil of war upon Hir OhaHsa 
Lucas and Sir f «eorg« l.islo, Tt waa Ewer 
who actually prrwntnil to th« comnona, 
iO Nov. ItJiH, the rfiroonstmncf or doclora* 
tion of the unny wlierein they insisted upon 
('hnrb-H, ' a» the capital f^anil author of tho 
latn tmiibte.'', ' Iwing • flpwdily brought toiui^ 
tice." Ten days later Ewer wu*i»iitru9l«d by 
thu f^Doral council of tho army with thv cus- 
tody of lh« kinj; at Lliin<t (^«tl<.% t>f which 
he was made jforcmor (UfsirwoaTH, IlUtw 
ricei G/if^iiofU, pt. it. %*u1. ii. pp. 133S, 
1340). )It> reomred the king 'with moall 
ulnf-'nanct!.' ' Hia look waa fitem, Jiis liair 
an<l lar^ iMrnrd wirrw black and hiuhy, be 
lield a jmrtiMn in hiu hand, and (Swiu-lilce) 
had a (^.<.->t hR»k>.'t-hilt sword by hin side; 
hardly could one aeo a man of a tnon* gnm 
a«nect, and no lens robust and rude wa» Ui» 
bcnavionr' (IlBHiiRBr, Tm Zajf Vntr* uf 
Charlet I, od 1702, jip. S5-0). On 14 Dec. 
tb« parliament voted niui 200/. to defray th» 
cliart^iin of k4-t^^ping th'j kiiig((J&. pl.iv. vol. ii. 
p. I3<t:;). Kwt^r woacbuaenonHof thn hinK's 
jud^s, waa prvAcnl evory day during' ihw 
trial, and oigni^ th» warranl. In Aprir I6J9 
his regiment was ordered to Imland ( >VniT»> 
l<x;kb, p. 397). np took part in tliv Htonu- 
ini^ of Drogbeaa, 10 Sept., wIutc most of hta 
otncen wer« sererely wounded {if/, pp. 42b, 
429), waa at CloumelOMa^ lUoO, and during 
.Ituie and Augu»L of tho skiiil' year B«iijited 
ireton in tlii? reduction of Waturford. Ho 
diwl euddenir of tbo plafue snou aftt^r the 
vurreiidvr of Wnturfuru (10 Aug.), and wan 
buried Chtre. 

II is wilt, whurvin hi: describea hinuK-If aa 
of Hatfield Hroad Oak. Esaex, waa dated 
I Aug. liHQ, and iiroved at l/)ndon 2n Feb. 
ICoO-l by John Thiirloe, Ihe soi« civculor, 
whom hestylna 'my brother,' and to whom 
hi< left the cam and liiitinn of hil two chil- 
dren, Thomas and Johanna (will r«gtfit«red 
in P. C. C. M, Onjy). His wife teeiua to 
hftvo di'^d bi'fore Lim. Ho bad iw-tjuired eon- 
«idi?rahl>i prurn'rly in Kssl'x, at Onnt Wult- 
ham, Onvit l>i|;1l'<, ninl Hon^ham. At thu 
Ilottoration hia prnptly Viofl (.■uDfiacattid 
^OiMmoitt" Jounuitt, viii. (11, I'Nl). 

(Bata'a LivHiofApi(»tsorM<ir<]«rof Charloal 
(1 MI), pp. 13IU7 ; Trun Clianirtris of tha Jtidgi-a 
ofCharl»l(ISai);W.j»l'«.AibcnieOa(in.<II!i«t), 
iii. iW; W.y>,l's r-t*ti y,oa, (BUmJ. ii. Il2 ; 
Whitr lorkt-H M<'moHi<!ii, pp. 308. 44fl; Vk\. Stala 
l'apri-1, l>.joi. HIia.SO. pp. 27,32, ftTfl, Thiir- 
loo I HiJiio I'lijwr*, T. ^6-7 ; Nobta'i Ljvm of tha 
Rvglcitlua, i. 3g2<4.] U. Q. 



aaiBC.:^^^ 



■.wer 



94 



iwin 



EWER, JOHN Ui. 177 1), hinliopof Uangor, 
•vns fHjucntiMl at 1-Jioh, whence tioprM«edod 
in i7'2ii to King's Cnllvgi!!, Cuawidge, of 
which bf} bccsnui TkUow. II« look tne ^e- 
gnm of B.A. 1728, M.A. 1732, urid 1>.D. 
ITSG. Ou lesTiDf; collpfp.' Im' »"« Bjipoiiited 
Maifltant-miutC'r At Kl/m. Hh tLfterw&nU 
bocuDC tator to the Marquis of Omnby, ac- 
CotupHuiod him on his trrtvol!), itml in \7lVt 
was pKionrcd bv th«> manjniR to th«< rirhly 
endowed rectory of Bo(te8ford,Ijeic*«tershin». 
On 1 Mftrch l'7d<-8 he iras ftpt><Hnt«d by 
palant lo a oainvnry of Windsor (Lk Nbtb, 
Fd'ti, cd. lUrdy, iii. 40)-), with which hi> 
Hub.swiuentlT bold ihu rectory of WviH lUk'y, 
Ilerkwiirp. In 17-10 tie lnT4mcnwtor of Iten- 

fie, tUaex, and on 4 Nor. 1751 vta^ insti- 
Ute«l prebendary of Mon-ton rum Wliadilon 
in UiecAthi^dral of Kerf^fnn) (iA. i. 51-1 )• Ub 
vaft raised to the see of LtRtid&fr 13 Sppt. 
1761 (ib. ii. 2.i6), nnd tmntiiatwl to Bangor 
30 Dec. 1708 {ib. i. l(Xl>. II* diwl 28 t5ct. 
1 774 at his scat ncflr Woreo^t-r { Ornt. Mag. 
xlir. G4*J), having marrii-d, 14 Sept. 17-lS, 
EHrjtlietli,dau^hI«r and coLeiiesa of 'ITiomaa 
Barnard iston nf Wvversloiie, Sutfolk, who 
Gunivfd bim (ib. xiii. 4!)H). lit- l>-ll a daugh- 
t?rr, Mnrjrnr*'t Frnnc«-t Ewrr (will registered 
in r. C C, 41i», UarRrave). His librnry wii6 
sold in 1770 (.NiCHOI.i, IaI. Auftvt. iii.*B.'>ti ). 
I'^wer took occasion, in a sermon pttitched 
before llio Society for thu Propupnttori of the 
Oospt'l in Forvign Ptirt*, 20 R-b. 1707, to 
rfwroach the .\ii)erican colonists because tboy 
failed to Mc any use for bishops or vpiacopally 
oitlaim^d iriiiii«t»n>. He Ihm proceedMl to 
hmnd thnm ns * infideU and harburian-s . . . 
living without remembranco or kijowlwipt of 
(•od, wilbout any divine wontliiji, io diiutoluKt 
wickednts*, nnd the moAt bruul profli^iw^y 
of manners,' adding th« extraordinary etatv- 
nicnt, ' That this thoir neglect of nli^on waa 
cunlraiy to thopntonceeuid conditions onder 
whit-h Lliey obtained rovAl grants and public 
Buthoritv t" thciradvtiicuro6,8UchpnMouou« 
anil condili'in»lH-mg tlu^^-nlorgGroentofcnm- 
nirTrn and the propagation of christian faith. 
The former Ihev ex«;ut»d with ifinoTity nnd 
iMil, and in the lattpr inp«1 notoriously fuilf d.* 
These silly slanders were easily diiiiowd of 
by Charles Chauncy of Ho^lon, in ' A Letter 
to a Frivnd,' dat«<I 10 Dec. 17*J7, and in a 
fipirired ' Letter' to the bishop himself, by 
William Li%'ing8tOD, governur of New Jsr- 
wy, in 17(!<8. Kwer also publtshiil: I. ' A 
Fa!<t Soman before the uouse of I.onla,* 
17(12. -2. 'A Hermon befora t)i>e Prvsidcnt 
audGovemora of th« London Hospital,' J7ti*), 
[Ilirirood's Alanini Eton. p. 3H ; Niphnls's 
LiLAiieed.Tiii.46ft; Pa{^]'?8ap[<l,to.'<aR'i'lkTra' 
TeUar,p.dOI^(i«nt.Mkg liji.[il.ii 74fi.) O. O. 






EWUf, WILLUM U(tWELL (!"31 P- 
1604), a<iiircr, txini in or aboii; 1781, was ths 
ran of Tbotnae ICtvin, formerly a grocor, 
latterly a hrvwer in parLnership wilit 
Sparks of St. Sepulchre's, Cambri'lrr, by a 
dauifhtT of a coni nuTrclwnt naniMl tI>)ini^U 
nf St. riempDl's in liir' samn town (Adttti 
MH. 5^1, It «9A. 70A>, H- wmj. r.l.iM,t 
atSi.John'8C!oll.?fio,C»i " r 

nf which lk« liwk tW •'■ ', 

M.A. I7r*, and LLJl. [ i .hm.. l,!-. i|. m 
said to have roceit'cd a diploma nf LI. .tXfrotn 
Juliuburgh in or aboul 177t^, I'nt his uitme 
dotis not occur in the ' C'Atalojiie of Orndu- 
att'K,' ISofl. At the dtiath uf hie faih-r \i 
iiiinritKl his sham- of the hr^wint; basinf 
and a handcotne fortune, which he laiy>:ly 
creased bv pnvate uMiry. Hi- wk*! place*! 
the eominiwion of (h«iH«Peftirth ■ t -ahh 
county of C'ambri^l^je. In 17611 b 
oldcolli;gi!t«tor,I)r. William Skit. 
in oppotiing th>*ac1 for better mrine^, lijji 
in^, and wstcbing the town, t>y which t 
deoigu was hJndtired for a tiiuu (Ninioi, 
Lit. At^l. i. W:))- ' My friend, l>r. Ewi 
writen William Cole, ' by being much of 
Cither's turn, busy and nuHldliiig in ot 
peoplcV roncemi, got the ill wul of intMt 
p«rMna in the town and univvnity. , . . Thff 
gownsmen bore bim a portienlar grudgie f 
uirtrfering mut-h in iheir oiGurs. . . , Thi 
nfu-ti broke the doctor's windows, AH tbey sa: 
hi^ had been caught lifllening on thoir siai 
coses and dwiw. . . . Dr. Ewiii. as did 
father, Bquintcd very much.' \wnw Im uici 
name of ^Dr. Squint um ' {Addil. .TfA'. Eigyj 
f. (iSA). In Januflry 1777 a mivort wi 
r«iU at (,'ambridge that hi- hud in-trn d« 
in lending luoni'y at nn enomiwiLs intetest 
1776 and 1776t^i a itcliohir of Trinity CoUpu 
named William Bird, then a minor, luid will 
out n (alher. whom ho had also caused to bo 
imprisoned in a opoiiKlng-hoiise. The sum "d- 
Tniioed wiw 7r.(W.,for which he look notes lo^ 
\)\f: amount of 1 ,OiKW. T!ii« ' usurious nflit 
as Cole termti it, rnme to light at a 
lucicy time, for he had been promi 
ehaucvllori'hip of thf ilio.i's« of 
fell vacant in the fnllnwing May. 
months, howovvr. weresUowinl to t-Ia(wu 
fort* the univi-rsity took nction. The tr 
cameon in the vico-ehnM'ydlor'a court 14'>C 
1778, when Ewin made but a wrry 
On 21 Oci. In' was sentenced to be su 
fnim all degrees taken, or to be 
erpelled the univiTSitV. Tho d.jlM 
his aupcul (xmllrmed tli" ^n.ii,: 
\-oI(»h1 the expulsion. I 
(o ill" nourt of kitii-'i i 
to r.,-et.)nr Uim In i llif couH if 

fullai;gitnientaw..: ,, rit in JunolTl 




I. wing" 



95 



:.wmg 



I 




on N'l Hut tbtim ij'ntig do express 

•lai ' university rorbidiling usury or 

ibn Iriidm;? miiopy to minom, llie vtl»^-l'ilAIl- 
i?»-lJm-"» fimrt hiwl no junMiictiim in tbe ctae. I 
Lard Muis&-ld, however, cfnuiucd Ewin's 
ewidnct in tin? Htninftml Irivu, t\'tgai»li'uid 
ue ' a romipUrr of yoiith and an mnrRr,' i 
SUSP'""'"'! 'Iiat a tUiUile lo mvL-t »urh | 
CMM ill ~~ . •iiMt'opaiJi'-d, hndtliAl tln^ 

emit Bi- :' !- petitjoni'd lli&t liomi^tit 

be ttnicW I -111 111 th" conimi^sion of the ]ie«ro 

On 20Ut:t. I77y lie w«.■^^^^'(tllr■?^^ toliiidtv'*'* 
of LL.U., but wa.? nut out of liiepouiitVL-om- 
missiHn ill 17^1. K^-ntuikliT li'-' lix*M liiiii' . 
wlfut IttwiitiiitJ,Mid'tle>i.^X.wli(irM'liis strict 
■Ui*nItoti to tUv uimiDistniii'm of pa.r<Khial 
ciior»"rr.«, ({uiolt tn (Uw-j-n: und wvnn" tiio«>ii- ' 
in ('Vf'ryapeciwiof idl'^nt'.iisiuitl ini|^i.'<ititm, 
iledhiiDmHnyeneniies.piirticidiirlynniong 
loyrt" r ordtrs of iwoplr ' ( G^nf. Staff, vol. 
txxiv. pt. u. p. 1174). Iledi^ «t IJn-nifbni 
_Butt8 on ^ Dm. l.'^Ol, a^ 73. ond \ru( 
" in checb»pei ^-f Nisw BreiilforJ, where 
KiRK'ut by FluxDiiiii rupiinls hi« m&uy 
vntOfff (ljTMif.% Bnvinim, Sumilpmtnl, p. 
10.1). (le nRkHiippow^l ti> tiKvi! l«fl jinipurlv 
•mountinf* t^ over 100,OOOf. 

No partmit of EwiQ is knowrn to b» extant, 

. priat dated 1773 representingf 

in^nndsoD of thu lli«a Earl of 

■■■^ in hi* fivw, f.ir ivliioh «ffr>int 

.i-cuivd litm i.id'lif. MS. T.SI 1, 

' h ■ Mibjeel of many frtiisi'in-t 

l'^t"iH)x>th Lminiind Kiii;' 

.- i....'a wt^rv prin(i:il und hawked 

n^n hhiin the town. Two ant 

^- r,.v (li. (,fnn, ST. OS ft, eat, 6808, 



, t.AnM!d.wli.i.TK(.: Addi(.X.S3. 
I »&, 70h. &8U8. £ T'^II,:j13&, 
■H,f. 80,5833. ff. 291, 29V1 

0. a. 
G, ^lK^^^LI.E(Ir(I7-l«4t>,con. 

(intiAl niini.<tur, thn boo of Alrtandor 
i-lih-r of matliPinarics, was b«ra 
linburf^h, &nd E^tiidied with coii- 
inct»"ii ut the liiftb :M;bo-M aud 
I rp. I>f Ik deeply rdiniftus ti^in- 
Jwidwi to prvpart; fjr tho mi- 
riijainit. hi>> fiif lii-r'n vrralii-*. On 

■ ■ ftH a pr"li:' •■' V"-. ■•- ■■)n«eii, 

lilt iind (I'l- ■ (tffue 

■ ■ I...... ....;,. .. 1 ni*. 

.i:r»:h(l7 0ct, 17I>3). 

wid« popularity a« 

' ;1 htH miitiittnr with < 

- nll.-fli ;-d much of, 

. on net ITU i 

1 I - ■iirgh Mi»- , 



■-^ "-^ 




Bionsry SociolT, becnminir its fini BeenUuy. 
Huwas alio e<)itorof the'MiuioQAry Magx- 
liae'from 17&fltol790. Wht-n Ilabert Hal- 
dwieof Airlliri^y ['vO projecl^d a mission to 
India, Ivwingwun ■ppoiuU>d to fto out. but 
the diivotoTA of tbu ria»t India Compiiny re- 
fuited to suiRtidn the undartakinfr. at^ it was 
itbniidon«i. Un then joined with the brDcUers 
Flnldann in nn important miMionary move- 
m«at at liamc. Ainnn^ its eiipponurs wore 
maiky wtio had not received pre^byteriaD 
ordination. It watt condt^mntid in a paator»l 
B(] monition from tbe^Hiieral OMttmbly of tbo 
c-'ttablisbed church. Ewin^^ who noMrded 
the coiiiin^^iioual ^yslviii oa man scnpturat 
and more ela^Tif> th&tl the prMbyL<?riau, liitd 
in 1798 rvHij^nt-'d hiii clinrge bb minist*>r of 
Lftdv Uletion-hv'i tvhaiB-l, a* well a< his con- 
nection with the churcn of Scotland. Tn17d9 
h« becauM nuni«t«rof ■ coiureffational church 
in CilafigDw.andretAinwttuodiitT-iirAtill ISS6. 
Ax a result of bis labours with the IlaldoQca 
and aftiTWurtht with Dr. [talph '\\''AnUnw, 
connegatiooaliua was introduced Into ScuL- 
Uno. He WM lutOT of tbe Glasgow Tb«o- 
loi^ical Acadvmy — a connvffntionalist foun- 
dation— frotu'iU foundation in tH(K)iitl l.S.-^), 
and did much to prMinotu the eiitdy of tho 
Itibb' iutlin origiiul laxi){iiitgu«. In ISI'2 he 
helped to form tbe Congregational Union nf 
STOtl&nd. 

Kwinj^ w«» thrif* married: in 1794 to 
.\nne Iiini», who died in ITWo; iu 1799 to 
.lunel Jiimic-»on, who di«d in 1801 ; ami in 

1 tK>^, to litrbara, dauebter of isi r Jamofl Max- 
well, hart., of Pollok, and st«pdaa);hter of 
Sir John Shaw Stewart , bart., of Ard^wan. 
Ewing'alMrii wifeilit^dltlStfpt. IfS-S, incon- 
s^iiuence of an nccidedt at the Falls of Plydtf, 
un^hurhuHbaud published a memuir,ofwlii«ii 
a Dcoond edition appeared in Is^. By hia 
secandwifebehadonedau^'iit-^rrWhomarTii^d 
Jnmex Mathej>on, ii c"nRrp(n>tional minister. 

During thn List fiiwyviuriof hi* life Ewing 
was in broken health, and bad to diwontiane 
his r«rulAr work. [To di<Ml auddcniy on 

2 Aug:. IMl. 

Id LHOI he published a Grwk grammar 
and lg.ticoii for sludenu of the Nuw Teeta- 
mwit (2nd ed. 18!L',.1nl ed. lsy7>. He aUo 
published sert>nU MunpUeta and aetmoaa, 
and two IniyiT work*—' I'^uay* to thu Juws, 
on t]ve Idwond thi< Prnphetit^'STolR. (IMO- 
1810), and an 'E^Kiy ou Bapti«m ' (1823>. 
]I« edited thp ' Mtwionarv Maguinb' (Edin- 
borgh, vols. i-ilL 179U-«i). 

|AK<<Dw>trofQn>rillje Etrin^, bThu(lAuglit«r, 
1. J. Matbevon (1843); Memoir of Barbara 
Kirin;^, by h«r huxband ; A. Ilaldane** Livr-i of 
iWwrt. itiul Jniiioa iliMnno : Iloir Soott'a yaali, 
i. 80; Kay'a Ivlinbargh I'ortraib.J W. O. B. 



:.\v 



ing 



EWINO, JL'UANA UOH-VriA (184l. 
]68(i), writer furl Le vouii^. wu Itorn in \All 
at t!<.T]u8fit-l(i in V<>rkj>liirt-,n tcvf milc^H frum 
fllirtK.^M. Il^r f»tli^r w m Alfn-.! t ihl,! v,IM)., 
vicar of KcrlcxHield. Her lunfli'-r was Mrs. 
Miti-K^rvt (liil I y [<i. V. 1 .1 a]i«iiu ( iftt l_v (.tarlpd 
in life nBthektorj-l^IIcrof ih^ nurioTy. 5^h« 
WUM laaob^ven to mimicry i hat tier mottier 
w»a eonftmiDwl ro writ*- n niory (o chi-ck 
ibeexoeaBTe dnTPlopnient of that faculty; 
but to the liuit Bhv loved |iUT-nctinK, and 
•otwl well. From tlic ftrtr horcliurud^-r-n-M 
strongly tnarked by tke u[jriH;biiie»#, g4-iit1«- 
DfW, uid freocrodty whicli sbe loved to dirt-ll 
on in hoT •torie*. Her lir»c vlury wiut 'A 
Bit of Green,' pnblitiluKl in tlte ' MoiiiIiIt 
PMck«t ' in July 1801 ; and ihis elury, with 
aam» nlltem, cniud i1.ut«(l lii^r fu-jit voSuitii', 
'publUlied in IMl> under thetill-^'Melcblor'n 
Pn'am, ftml iiIhtT TaJt-*.' Fnim Iiit yoiitli 
sliit van Ti-ry delirat^, but alitiou^b her Mif- 
forinffs vere fcrtM^y in Ui«t life, nbe nernr 
lout her chwrfulnvst. Fr^tn IBi}:! to ltt68 
the li)ocle*lieId family circle k«pt up a nanu- 
aoript nagiuine. but few of the contritjulions 
matlvtu tluH vcltv priiitc^I. ' Auut Jitdr's 
Magaziua,' xtarln! m May l^'tSli, owma iu 
lill^'totbe nicknamp piren to Julii»na<»«tiy 
«« thu nnr«i'r»- etury-ieHi-r. H't Hr»t con- 
tiibiilinn to the ma^razinn in m*bicli mn^t of 
herfilorifssfipearedn'as 'Mm. Ovprthewiiv's 
lU-uit-mbninc**.' In iKtC Bheni«rri»;d Miijor 
Ale.vandvi' Ewinj;, Army I'ay I>«|iariment, 
and WTib her bii^bnnd Mon Miihi) for New 
Ilrimewick. In 18tM)iibei>t;nt to 'Aunt Judy V 
M«in>Eine ' theBtory which shows her {towi-rtint 
their bti8l,''rii(] Ltuid of LortTov^'fiiUon^id 
by uiaiiT others, somt? written in delijjblful 
irrwolar vefsu and nllvrwHrd« i>uli)ii>h«^d in 
Bnuul fwparutv voluuivie. In lifrJ fUv wrote 
her 6rsi aolditT^tory.'The Teaee Kjtff/toVie 
fulhiwed by ' Loh-lie-i)v-tI»sfiru ' < I873>, tU» 
pnjiiilitr'JftekaiiA|ii-i>,' and thf loucltiiijt' Story 
of a Short Life.' (ta tho dfotli of Mrs. Gatty 
in 1873, Air*. Kwinj; hi'l]ir«d Iut fiHtcir tocdit 
rke mafraiiue. but after two yi-a» ehe ^ve 
th« work up and confined hentelf to her own 
talM. At Aldenbot, Bowdtm in Che!>hiriL>, 
aud i'ork, her occupations and interests were 
(b«i Mm(>. In 1^*711 she 8tATi«d to join her 
biu>banil in Malta, but at l^arie »1k' b<*uamo ko 
ill that »li« luul to rt^tuni to t^^Iand. I'titil 
ISB.tshi.'n-AAthuR.'HipamtL'dfrom bcrhusband. . 
Allheeudof that timi? BlM'n*roiiv«l lo'lnun- 
ton.whichflh'^li.-ftiOnlvloherarrif-il toUatb, 
where tbf dieJ on IS'May 1^K'». 

Mift of Mrs. Ewiofj's storioa appeared in ' 
• Aimt Judy'* Mnii^rini*.' from IHtil to l^iHG, 
but ith« rontnbuted alao t.o a frw othrr 
iioriodicala. Hnr eL'[Numt« works were pub- 
Li«hird in auiall vqIuium by Dell J^ S'li^ and ' 



Exeter 

the Society for Promuting ChruUan Know- 
ledgn. 

[Jnlinnn llnrnti* Kiriitg aad bar Books. 
: Ilomlm K. T. Onuy.) P. A. 11. 

EXETER. Iiukes or. [Sc* Bn<kr>'uitT, 
Sir Tuuhu", rf. Il:i7; iloLtasD, Joiui, dL 
1400; Hoi.f.iKD, Joint, d. I44a} 

EXETEEl,li4aL0r. r8oirCKClL,TnOMA*,' 

1612 Ifii".'.] 

EXETER,M«tiariaor. [Sw OorkTBVa V. 

, IUmu, IHW*-I53%.] 

; EXETER, JOSKPH or (I-Jthctw.) [S 

' JOHCVH.] 

EXETBB, STErUKN ar(». 1240). [8<n 
Step II BS'.] 

EXETERy W'khTEB or (Jl. 1.101 ),nuni 
monk, irt Aiikii^l tt> havo written, at tho in 
, stanco of ona Baldwin, a citii'io of Kxetirr, 
a liftf of (tuy, wtl of VVarwick. in l-Wl 
when livinir at St.Caroc in (.'om wall. 1 
to whom we own this notice, conji-ctun 
that hi; was n Dominican friar, and tin h 
al.tn been (Ir^wriWd aa a Franciscan ; bu 
St. Caroc (St. Karroc or St. Syiiac). iic. 
ljOAlwitbi''l, was a cell to ihn Cluuiac h<m 
at Moutacutc iu Soinersot (l>t;GOXl.c. Mi/na*- 
tirvn, V. I "3. pd. lyi'o). Aa for th<- work 
with which Walter of Kxeivr is credited, if 
tlte date be conwt, it cannot l>« a lifo of ht» 
cvntcuporar>' Ouy, earl of Warwit-k, wb* 
only became mrl in 1 29A, but must In* a ft 
orvemion nf the well-known mmanci', 'fin 
of Warwick ' (on which »«■« H. L. I*. W.isnJ 
iMatof/uf (if Itumnntft in the Jiepartmm 
uf ManujKn'pU, Brll.i^li M'l^-ura. 1RH3, i, 
47I-H4); hut tif AVhIiwt'" hiMik no trofe baa 
paH.iod down to lu. Sir Harris ^iicolaa (Sie^ 
nf Carlnt^rock, XSiif^, pref, ir-vi* s"trjri«lil 
ihiit he Wild th*' author of the 1' 
tliesi^Ki^ofOnrliu'vrockj but r 
luubit.-nclt.'Urlydiicproveil hvT. \\ tij;lit ( 
t>f Anna vf tke Hieyt fff Varlarerocf:, iryii-y 
p. Tii). 

[Bnl« H.S. 8«ld«n, Mipra, 61, f. *3; (Vri 
Urn. Cnt. X. 78 {pu li. 41): Prinw^a W«ril 
oCD«voa{Kfeicr. 1701), pp. 2781*9.] R. L. I'. 

EXETt^R, Witxitu or, a nam*- Wlatif- ' 
inf{, H)! it R-ema, to more than one ponum 
coiniaeiiw)nit«Jliybi"gniph'-r»; I Tlipailtb>jr 
of i^rtain ' IVttirminiif innfn ' a^aitut tVl 
luiiii. ■ !)>? Mntidicitste, contra fratn.'*,' ' I'm! 
Kccleflisi rniip--nnti\' nnd'IV Ot'DiinlionoJ 
ChriFti.'wIii] in 'aid to haTi? been a doctor 01 
divinity and nmnn of Exeter, and wlio mafl 
be proeumcd to haw writo-n between abnu't 
132Uftud 1340. 2. Thu aulhgr of a c>urfc ol 




Exiey 



97 



Exshaw 



[•-•rri]i.>u« on the B^aliiudes, who must bare 
[0l^^nrllll>'l1 initcSeArlnTtliKR l.he nbovo-itiiuciJ 
[ M iliiain, ■iiic4> rite Laudiaii luantLscript of hU 
K-ork (Lau/t. .Vs., Mi^.^n. a(W, i. lt«, IJodl. 
[l.tlir.> Muaot U^ lattT than i!iv U-vinniiig uf 
llhc tbirttfeutli (.■t'litiiry; v>-t tUi» vi ritttr'HtU-alli 
Ifet plact.<d hy Wmid in 136-'i. S. A third 
[Williiiinof Kifti^rwH* pliyxicitui lij Qu«.'ti 
rPliUippa, and bi'lrl h rariet,v of church yite- 
fiFnuciits, which are BDuuiraued by Taoiier: 
Lftinntigtti<'mw-iuitEicpr<-ri-nlnR<hipi>f iJiicoln. 
lUeisaiid to b«TPgrad»iir(.<dinart«, mcdidnn, 
tthvologjr, but no nrittngB are a&aigQod to 

,1.. »f c a-trloi. rap™. 61, f. 52. Bod!. IJbr.; 
|[< '. r. 33. p. <05; PiU. Pn Aagl. 

; uincr* Bilil. Itnt. p. 3Gfi t\. »m>.] 
B. UF. 

EXLET. THOMAS frf. 1R55?). murhe- , 
tirinn, w*» bom at (iowdnti, n Tillage ono 
wwt of S^nailb in Vi>rk*bmf. Ilnvlau 
\\ic dtSTOo of M.A. (but at whiit um- 
lly i» unknonti). bu Hutllod tomv tunu 
■frtre )HI2 u.* a uiutheiunt>dil lvacb>?r at 
loi. In that T<^r hu bronchi ont with 
KV. William MiK)rv jDhnnon, tlinn cn- 
of Hi-nbury. f J loiicesierahire, a iifii^ful 
compilAtioa cnlitU-d 'Tbo Imperial Encyclo- 
~ "' i; or. Pirtirinnrr of the Scicnws And 
, coioprebendinK also the wbolecirclflof 
Bllnnr>Aii« I.itorftliir>>,' Ac, 4 vols. 4to, 
' IJy I^IS be hfid given up 

■ . and rclin>d to Cotium Park 
Jliiit'^I. He dii-d iu or uboul IdG-V 
r. Adam Clarke [q. v. J, in wbos<> defi*nce he 
~ Illy WToI*«, was hi)* brPthcr-iH-Iuw. He 
twHv nn'inbiTCif tin* llriUnh Ajomcia- 
■ihit Advancenifnt of Science.and rpad 
popen at lis ni'.'ulinj^. LUs other 
i)|:iaiv: I. ' A Vintlifjitionof l>r. Adam 
Clarktf, in ojiswcr lo Mr. Moore's Tboiighlii 
-; ... ,i|;j, nf I ],^ Second Person 

udiln?jii<t^] lo llm P«mle 

sva, Briitol [1817]. 

' ^ RftnarkKoti tho 

' r ; and ibe I'se of 

I in naiicrf oi lt«rolation. Sii|^f'4l«d 

il poMagi'*. in Ht. Adain ('JaTkit's 

on the NfW Testamral. To 

•ddvd Kvniitrkji un Mr. Boyd's 

I on Ihn aanK* iin1iii-<i in tliA Mi^thiidist 

?n*.' flv... I>.r..l..n. 1818. 3, 'The 

I ' i 1 - (M<Tff<-t(?d ; or, tb« 

Kli-ini;ntj« demon- 

t-d. -vi'. K' '.'1 1-1. i^lH. 4. 'Principled 

Natural I'hil.w.phv; or, n new Tbcorv of 

pc*,f'>un'J(.'do» (Jravi(ali')n, uiirl iiiiij^:i;-d 

Ibiliuniiif* lbr>(i(iurrul l'ri:>|>"r;L' ■< i! Nlnt- 

tc., Sto, IjundvUf IfSlit). Ji. ' i'hyait^al 

a nr, llic lliauomvua of Optica ex- 

xntt. 




plained according to Mechanical Sciitncp, 
ant) on th« known Pfinciploaof (travitKlion,* 
Hvo, l»nduu, 1&34. 6. 'A CommtmtAty on 
thi< First I'hapter of Ueneai*: in which an 
Httrnipl ifl mnuti to prrseni that. Upautirul 
mnit Dnii-rlr NaixRtivf in its truoUglit, To 
which ara added a Short Trcatisfl nn Geology, 
showing that thv facts anscrte-d by Moeet 
. . ■ corrohorat« tleoloflical Vnct*, . . . t 
sliort IruHtixe on lUe I>eluge,' kc, 8to» 
Loudon, 1844. In thu pr«fa<'e tbe author 
fltutea that 'thi« work la not n mushroom 
niition jiiflt sprnnfT Up i inde<e<i for moro than 
forty years It hot) occupied my thou^t^.' 

(Work*; Jlallwwt'* Briitol DilWlories; R©- 
pwta of Ilritiiih AMoriation.] O. O. 

EXMEW.WILI.IAM (irjl? P-153f.),CaT^ 
tha-iun, woe educated at f'hri.'it'a Colloge, 
C'amliridgp. Hijt Inoiid. Maarire Chnuncy 
[q. V.J, says that he was a nan of pxid fiunilj, 
and tluit wlitin at (lie a|{u of twenly-^igbt 
bo was clmoen lioJir (niid i*honly afterwards 
xtdword) of thf> London Charter lioa-J:-, thcra 
WKSnoCuthustan in ICngland bi'tl'>r liti^^l by 
wit and Irarnin^ for llie |><iHt. Thit iinur. lut%-e 
b«<'^D in li>8o, as Ilumphn^y Midilli^morM ia 
called 8tewar<) (proiiuralur) in to.U {Cat. 
HcH. VIII, vii, 7:W). AftiT thi* prior and 
othtT more imnortanL Canhusiana hul flnf- 
ftTrtld-ealh for UHnvin^ iht-kin^'asuprtimscy, 
KxiUL'W and two othere !<till per^ii^i^l in re- 
funiii^'lh-^ until, and were forthwith hansedaa 
traitcrs in Jmifl LVlfi. They had nrevintigly 
InHTniRifirisoiifd in the Tower, rigidly chained 
in a ntandincr p'Ottilion for thirtt-en days. A 
tlieoloKic&l treatise untitled ' The Cluwde of 
Knowing and tbeClowde of Coulemplation * 
hoB buen ascribud to him or Cliauncr, but tlw 
luindwritinff of IK* c>>py in i bi- Uarleiau col- 
l'>ction {Haet. MS. 074) belonjrs to nn edrlinr 
period, and the wrilvrof that eujjyt^igns him- 
self Walter Kililiprhert, Aiiotb.T copy at 
Univvrjily Culleeu, Oxford, ia mentioned in 
tbe Oxford Cntnlu^'ur of Manuscripts. 

ICal. of Hrnry VIH, vela, vii, Tiil ; Coopei-'a 
AtliPIlK Cantabr. ; Wood's Athnnn Itxnti. i. )A0 ; 
Tjinner* ItibL Hril.; Scrv-pv'« f^cb Mpm.j Bnga 
do S«cretit iu 3rd Rap. of Ucpntr-KfytpcT of 
Public lEwwrilal H. I!. H. 

EXMOHTH, ViMomrt. [See Pku-bw, 
Edwabp. 1767-1833.] 

EXSHAW,CIlARLES(rf.l771),pabter 

and engraver, a native of Dublin, was ono of 
the early cotnirotilors for thi>Soci«tyof Art*' 
pn>mium for on hlstorirol pnintinff, with a 
picture of ' Tbe Black Prince entertaining thu 
taplive Freucb Monarch aAer tbe Itnltlo of 
iirvssy.' II0 is toid to have HtudiMl in Rome, 
but in 17S7bewaiinlVnaaiia pupil of Carlv 

U 



Exton 



98 



Eyre 



Vanloo, and tie executed four eng^rings of 
that pjiinter'e ehildrea in ii combined method 
of ctclilng and mezzatiDt GngTQviiig. Vroia 
Pftris he proceeded to Amsterdam, where he 
eftpeciaily Btudtl^d the works of Rembmndt, 
atid executed two fine etchings from his pic- 
tuKS) 'Poliphar'B Wife making Acctisation. 
against Joseph,' and ' Christ with liia Dipci- 
plesat Sea in n Stnnn/ the latter plate beinp 
datod 1760. HealBoqxeciiredMmeclching? 
and mezzotLiit enj^vina^a of heads of boors 
and peai^ant^ aftvr r&nous Dutch ma^ttera, 
and 4 mcKOtint etigmving of ' A Girl with a 
Basktit of Cherrififi, and Two Boys,' aftnir liu- 
1>ens. He §uh»equentlv seltled in London, 
and iinsucceBGrulIy attempted In establlFh a 
drawing-schoolf after the example of theCa- 
racci, in Maidun Lane, Covent (.4ardBn. He 
died early in 1771, and in April of that venr 
bin collectiotiof Btudiesand pieturea wa,ssold 
bir auction. 3n nUi heeitljibited two pictures 
and a dpawingattheSoeietyO'fTlrilish Artists, 
iacludiii^ a view of Salisbury, 

[Dodd'a manuscript Hist, of EnglishEngraTerj; 
Eiitrnrda'a AnGpd, ofPninteps; ItedgmTti'H Piet. 
of Artists; ChalonerSmitheSritish Mi'zzotinba 
Portraita; Nngler's Kun««tldr-Ijesiki>n ; Omros's 
Diet, of Artists, 1760-1880,] L. C. 

BXTON, JOHN (1600P-1665F), admi- 
Tnlty lawyer. horn about 1600^ was educated 
ot Trinitv Ilftll, Cambridgu, wheni h« pro- 
cuedudlkA. lfil9-20, nr.A. 1023, LL.D. ie;34. 

In ld49 he was appointed by the purliamt'nt 
jiid^r-e of tlio court of admirid'fv, and in ihia 
officii he was confirmed and reappointed by tin: 
Duke of York nfter the Itcatoratioii . Exlnn 
died about llWii. lie was married, and had 
a fiimily. A son TUomns i-s notitryd hulow. 
John Elton, perbnpa an older son, entered 
Jferchnnt Taylors' School 011 11 St'pt. Hi2S, 
EstnM -wrote 'The Sfaritime Hiereologie, or 
SeaJurisdicfioDof Knglarid, s-ft forth inthreu 
aeveral books,' 16G4; landed. 17'V). This book, 
which is of imme vnlite, wiia written cUielly 
I0 maintain the jurisdiction of his court, 

[Xofps and QuBri-CH. October 1859, p. 310, 
Novoniljor ISTiff, p. 389; I lit roil net ion t» Ttliick 
Buck of Adnilnlty in RoHa Series; CiiL Stnto 
FiipersundtT 'Commonwealth' and 'Charles II [' 
liipgister of Mcrchnnt Taylors' School, i. 124.] 

y. ■W-r. 

EXTON, SiH THOMAS (1031-1088), 
son of John Exlon fn. v.], was bom in IfiMj 
entered Merchant Taylors' School in l&ll, 
admitted a memberofOray'e Inn 164^, went 
to Trinity Hall, Cambridm;, where lie prn- 
cceclcd LL.D. \ViCr2. He is noted as one of 
suven lawyoTH consulted regerdiDgthe (fra-nt- 
inp of a lease by Queens' Collogue to St. Ca- 
tharine's Hall iy 1676 (Wilijb and Claiuc, 



ArcMteeCura! Sutory of the Univrreify of 
Cambridge, Cftmhridge, 1880). In 167U he 
became master of Trinity Hall, and held the 
office till bia death. Previous to 1678 he was 
knighted and appointed one of the jud^ of 
tho admiralty. He represented CftBlbridife 
UniveraiCy in the two parliaments of 1679, 
when he was described as advocate-eenerai, 
inl681,andl6S5. He died in 1688, and wn* 
buried on S Nov, at St. Peter's, Paul's ^^^la^f. 
' The Case of the Merchants concerned in the 
Lobs of the Sbip Virgin, . , , as it waa . . . 
presontedto his Mdestyby Sir R, Lloyd and 
bir Thomas Exton, was printed in 1680. 

[RegistBr of Merehaat Taylors' SohoO'l (1983). 
i. L50; CuatiihrigienfipB Gradtuili {1659-I7ft7}. 
p. 131, rd, LuArd <1S00-81), ■p. 641; List of 
Memtiers of Pariiameat, toI. i.] F. W-t. 

ETRE, CHATLLEa (17&4-1R64), miscel- 
laneous writer, bom in J7&4, was educated 
at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he pro- 
ceeiled B.A. in 1807. Ho afterwards took 
orders, but finally att-acbed himself to the 
unitarjans. Ho took coiaatderable interest i n 
lh«; mOYem.ent that led to the Reform Bill 
of Ik:!:^, imd way for eome time proprietor 
of three liberal tiewapapera prmted at Col- 
chester. Afterwardshemanagedeilarg^fanii, 
hut resolved to part with it at tlie solicita- 
tion of some members of his family. Before 
he had signed tha transfer he comioitted 
suicide by hanging' at his residence, IFpner 
Park, Dedham, Essex, on 28 Sept. 1804. The 
coroner's jury found that he waa temporarily 
insane. 

Eyre w.To(e: 1. 'A Letter addressed to 
th(> T>ukps of Norfolk and Grafton,' on the 
Reform Bill, Ipswich, 1831, 2. 'An Illus- 
trnfioii of the Epistles of St. Paul, including 
an entirely new translation,' 2 vola. 183i*, 
3. ' Remarks on pernsLiif the Rov. P. E. 
BulI'.T'a Letlvr to ttiu Unitarians of Ipswich/ 
&c.. i'nd ed. 1836. 4. 'The Fall of Adam,' 
1Pj:3, from Milton's ' Paradise Lost ' (an 
amended edition, of Milton's epic, in which 
' frequent variations, both in incident and 
lanffun^, ivill be detected, and in »^mecoae9 
correction or auppoaed improrement '). 

[Rtfi-Toaccij in Works ; Oant, Mag;. Kovemlier 
ant! If&efmher 1664 : Essex Standara and East- 
■pm Couatioa Adre rtiscr, 6 Oct. l^M ; Brit. Mob, 
Ciil.l F. W-T, 

EYRE, EDMlTXn JLIIDJ (1767-1816), 
dpfimatiat, son of tho llev. Ambrose Eyre, 
rector of LoTerington and Outwell, Cam- 
hridpeshire, was bom 20 Mav 1767 {School 
lie;/,], nod eDtcredM^rchant Taylore' School 
when ten years old. In 1785 lie was ap- 
pointed exhibitioner — first on Parkin'a utd 



Eyre 



99 



Eyre 



|k 



on StUMTi'ii foun JiitJaa— at Pvm- 
!, Caaibrid)^, l>iit Ivtt Uiu univAr- 
tatj without ffmduarinf; to jmn a. tbE<alrira1 
cotnpva^. &ttvr bavins liad coDHidvrsbb 
MOTUkuiLl rsjK'ricncc 6S a oomdiim, h^ niod« 
MM fitsL Bppuu-ance at Uriuy Lane in 180(3 
ht rbo charuct«r of JnqniM tii ' As toq like 
U.* lie u ««wl 10 bare been a ' rwiiectkble 
rathtrihan a iiTvut nct^r' {Iliog. Dram.), hut 
tbc former e|nthel is inspjilifAblt^ to bia *)(>• 
nertic life. Uc di^l II A[inl I'ilQ, leaving 
a bnK Aimilv of doubtful kgitimu-y. Aa a 
wri" 1 ' ' le and vareatilc. Ht- 

Wb- [•leau,' A Fn^md tu | 

Olii i>u_i;iuM. i.u. ir.M.iinO'TheTwoBill^' , 
(s poti^cal pioco), 4to, I70fi, und of K>me 
'OmemtionRmaJealPamduruigtbelVacti,' > 
6v<>, IW^t, but iiiK rcpiitHtioQ rcata upon biti 
drftioatu* piw&s, fHiin>' nf which arc not with- 
oat acnt. Ini^luded among thriu are tbi.* 
fetlowinff: 1. ' The Dreamer Awnkc ' (farce), 
8Tt\1791. 2. ' Mftidof NuraiBQdy'(trttgcd.ri, ■ 
8vo, 17fiiS. 3. 'CaiiieqiU!0cc»'(comedT),8vrt, 
17W. i. *Tbf Fniul SisttTs' (dramatic read- j 
inpl. «v". }79f?. r,. 'The Discarded Stxrv- , 
-vo, 17fl!(. a. ■ThcTuara 

- nil ftf Liiid Xelsoa ' t'dra- 

.nutic alKU.li>, fivn, ]8)W. 7. 'VintaRora' 
JMilaJnupaUc rfadinK>. Hvn, lt*«). 8. 'Hiab 
"'" " ;* fiir* ^wmMv), 1^10. 9. 'Tlie 
'..lit-' (SirM'.S<Mtt'ei»i»«n dra- 
•I) I ni-.lodrauui), l&ll. 10. ' Look aL 
IP,' l((ll\ 

'•i. ISI3.i.323. ;81;I!iof:-Dii!L 

^Aathftf* (l'*l«>. p. Ill; Noici «wl 

I^Snd •■r, ri. 4 ! i ; Grixut's Hi si. of (be 
I. 202: BoMnwon's Rig. of StcK^iiimt 
■vbool. ii. H3.] C_ J. K. 

KTTtE, S t n on .KS (rf. 1 605>. j u(!)i»>, oldeat 
^^H,..*!; l,..t\ -...,• i!,.,.|.«,-ofti,^\Vhil«j«iri?h, 
^\ : titon til that iitiirtlv 

In ■:■.•:■ pifSir Kicliai^ 

■■.bin-, rnli'n-il 

.iiD'i wnsr.allfid 

ifbt. iin held tb*' 

tn rh^ mayi'ir and 

■\iindnctivel_r 

: leijfwt'harttr 

the lovvii in (iitii viiar, tTCuiTiiiga 

thf tTtlii.. nf 10/. in r«co^ition of 

< ntiyappuinlvd 

! lid niStS'! unit) 

f tbo ror- 

' fiowi'Ter, 

■ .-- «m 

\ in 

iiud 

-'jrd 

_< iht- 

■ncr with (li» 
:.d lUr bill dt» 




vlarinR the Convention nntfularfarlioaiatit. 
On 4 Mar lOJ^ 1»> wax Call^ to tb« deam 
nf neipfianr-flt-law. Tbo motto inKiibeaon 
th» nags K'^'^'Ht according to ctutom, by tbe 
n<>wly C9\M wt}««nt3 wa.i nppmpriateto the 
oL'Ciuion, being ' Teniendo restil ml rem.' Ho 
■KM at on<!c t:rcat«l n jnstico nf tbc kinf^'s 
beccli. On 31 N»v. KJWt ht; waa kuicbtcd, 
lit' dipJ oil :^ JiiD'.' iwyr», and on the ll'lh waa 
buried in tbo cliurcli nf Whifeparisb, Will- 
(ilun?. Eynj miirrii-d iwlc*. lli» tir»t wife, 
Dorothy, "dauffbtur of .lubu Ryvt^aof Brans- 
ton, Doretitahin.', died in 1677, and was olao 
biirifil ill Wbili'ioirixb cburcb. IJU M>cond 
wife. niriKiat)elU (jiumanie unknovn), mu- 
virwJ bitn iind mnmed Lord Glasford, n ntx-^ly 
Sroi^h p«pli<t, iclio wiw committt'd to tlio 
Fleet pruoii for d»'b(. iu 1099. hia wife having 
dr-scn^^'d him, though worth, according to 
Lutln;]] (iv. &4D), 10.(KX)/., aiid baring lak«a 
all her property with ber, 

(Hoare*ti M<)-l«rn Wiltfihir«,T.Ft«BUIeM Hun- 
drrii, p. A6; lj«titi>f Mcmbpnof {^iT^iameiri (vffl- 
ci&l return of); Pari. Hiit. ». 1«7. 129; Lultttira 
lUlalioo of 8l.ilc AfTiin. i. 939. &»S. iii. 481 ; 
FasaV L)v«>»orthe.lDiigirii.| J. M. B. 

EYRE, Sis JASni;S "M-1 7fi9) J\id«-, 
WM son of tbi) Utv. Tbomiw Kyrw of Wetu, 
Someraettdtirt.', pn^SjeitJjirv of Salisburv from 
\7fi^ till bii> death tii 17<*>3. Iloarc ( vffof/rm 
tt'iiUhirf, Fru«lti«ld Huiidrwl, p. (W) con- 
nects him with the 'Wiltflbire family of Eyre. 
Another son, Tliomo*. B.C.L., of Si. .lohnV 
Coll.^*^, Oxford, l7.Vt. and D.C.l.. 17Ml,T.rt- 
bendary and Ireasurerof Wella, and preben- 
dary of 8altebury, di»tt on 'J6 March 181^, 
Ki^-tl81. JaiDei,bapii^>dnt\VcUso» 13 Sept. 
17:)4,l>t«aincaiiChuliirof Winchester in U47 
(Kinur. H'iru'hfAt--r .ScAolan, p. 24t*). raa- 
triLnilul^."! at St. JobuN ColKyw, (l.\fijr<I, on 
'J7 Oe\. 1749, but did not lakf a de(rree^Fo«^- 
TCit, AluntMi O-tin.) He eulcrvd Lincoln's 
Inn in November 1 7.'i.'J,I>elii|i ib'.*cribed in the 
n'ppter as the «in of ■ Mr. Ohaticollor Eyre,' 
Ilavini; two y«iin« lalir t rnnsfirnil liix iioine 
tofiray'fl Inn,bewaaralled toihe bar lln^rein 
17oo, became bwnrhor in 176SaDd tressur>.>rin 
176il. Hepurchancdtbeplaceofcouiwellotlie 
wr|*oratioii of Loudon, and pleaded lor some 
years, chiefly in tlie lord mayor's and ihcnlT'a 
cwirlj!, Iltf xvasapix'iiilcddepiity-riM'order in 
Febrttary 17tJl.atid recordi^nn April 1763, in 
HUCTP'i.tiiin to Kir Williuni Morvlou. Hi' was 
onr-of \Vilki'»'8coiinwl m lli>-»rl ionof Wtlki-a 
r, Wood, trii'd on il Dei-, 1 TiW. Tbe defendant 
being nndi.'r-s'.XTetiin,- of Mate had, in pursu- 
Biic* of n e-'n-Tfil n-jirnint ugnnl by btA chief, 
Lord Halifax, ouieTfil and »«iirehed \\'ilk«'a 
bnii».> for evid<-nee •-^tn)iti«bin^' bit s>it honhip 
oftln'rulcbraiedNo. 4.0'iftbo'>iorthltrii«n.' 
Eyre made an t^laburulc e|ii;t:ch, which ia 

■ I 



Eyre 



lOO 



[yfe 



reported at frame letif^li in the ' Stam Trials,* I 
xix. 11&4-5, diUlinc on (W otttnige to thu 
oamtitutiao whicli ita execution of grni'ml ^ 
MWrcli wTin»nt« involved, Kn<l, ncrurtliuiE lo , 
LcifR. tlie rvpnrlnr, ' alione psirpmfily.' Fhp i 
jury f'lunci ftir the plnintitV. Ejt'>, li<jwciv«r, ! 
VfiiA by no moftnif a [inrtUan of Wilkcit, and 
rnivy serious offuncototbe corporation \>r tv 
liuitii; lo prp*-ntto th^- kiiip t !nt n;mon*frftnri» I 
on tiie siibitTl of thi- (■xclunion of Wilkfta 
from purlinment, drawn u{>f<_>rltifcor])or«tion I 
br Home Tooki>. TlMM^monBtraiice wiwprf- ' 
BOUlcd in the luune of the curpontjoii hj Sir 
Junea Hod^ca, tho lown clerk, oo 2A May 
17/0. ttnd tieatwl with fonteiapl- Tb« cor- 

>onlioii panwd ft vot« of cenminfe on Kym. 

rbe minurtry. IwwoTiir, murktKi tltelr appro- 
■lion of ]ii» oonduct li>' raining liiin In lb>' 
__lch«quer boaob in October 1772. He- waa 
Intighled on '2'i Oct, He «*&« ■ member of 
tbc cotirt which on 19 Nov. 1777 piuaeil 
WDtence of fine and imjmsonnifnl on llome 
Tookfi 0^ the author nnd publisher of an ad- 
Tcrtiwment colieitiitg KubBcriptiona on buluilf 
of * our be)oT(N] American rellow-aulgecU ' 
' l&huma.iily mitnk-rod by thu Icln^V traopii at 
or nvar Ij-Kingliin.' On lidJnii. 17,'^7 he wan 
raii^-d to ih-- tin*jiideiiry of the rourt of t>x- 
chequer. In tbi.' ititorval Wtwt'en the rwi)(- 
nationof IjonlTbiirlow and ihn afijtoinimi'nt 
of l/xd Loughborough, 15 Juno I'^i^ to 
SI Jan. 1793, he was chief roinniiuiont'r of 

ihR gtiMi deal. On 11 Feb. 17U3 lie w«b sp- 

Kittled chief justice of the common pleaa. 
this c«|Micitv lii» pr(«ii]ed in Kovember 
ftjid Dweatber 1794 al the triabt of Ilftrdy, 
>l»m« T<>okf, and others, chafed with hav> 
in^ oiiixpired to aubrert tbo einislilutioti, 
diRpUyin^ in the Investi^lion flomfi of tlie 
hiKliral judicial qualitiL'S, uatu-'ace, iiupuiti- 
nlitv, and the power ofaiftin); ivli-vant from 
imiUvant iiiatter,u)dpreeentiDg the former 
to tV< Jiirv in n luminoiu nrnnner. TlieM 
qiiiiliiieA he a^iii exhibited in tlte CftSR of 
Thomas Crosfield and others, chnrpied with 
roiispirin^ to u]tf tho life of the kin^ by 
iDe&iii of a bow and arrow. The trial UtoV 
place in May 1700, and enJli<d, like iboHe of 
Hnrdy and Home Tooke, in an oirmiittal. 
Errf diiit on 1 July 1700. He waa ouriod 
in the pariah church of KuMombu, B«-rkfiliin.-, 
where be had his aiwL. Hi.o porlTait lutngii 
in Qrar'a Inn IlaU, in ibo bay window of 
which Ilia anna am tfoiblasoned. 

[Dowell'B State TrioU, xix !"■ « niv. 199. 
sxT. 2. T«B : Oat. Mne. (IT (mi) 

pp. &S9. Ma. (1799) r>. 709 . , MctnMr 

fit IfurnH Tfioki), ii. 7 ", ; Uaydn'm llook iif Uitf- 
niiicw; Lyion-'s Mae. Brit. i.3£2 ; Dontbvaitet 
dray'* Isn ; Vom't Lirea of the Judm,] 



EYBE, JAMES (1748-1SI3:l ptiV.- 
logiiil, Ixint in 1748, mliimti-d at Ontliarif 
Ha]l.CanbridgG,Wfts head-ma^trrrtif Salihul 
i;rainnuu- EchoM and rvctor of Wint'-rtounK 
Sloki>, and Ncttlcton, He annoiaCfd Jal 
boh'b ■ EngUsh Dictionary ' (in muniiiuinot 
and his notes were incontOTwuvl by Todd ii 
bia edition of Jobnaon. Ilo died in 1913. 

[Gent. MAg. IHi, to). Uxxiii. pt. i. p. 499}' 
Pr«fi»w to TwU's JohoMoi.] 

EYBE, Sill JAMF^. -M.I). (I-iy-lJtoT 

rhvaiciau, wu horn in 17IW, and in Octol _ 
811 cummduocd his medical education at 
St. Rarthulocnew'a llinpilal, where be wu 
a pupil of Abemethy. In 1^13 Beveniy-fii 
atudenta siibecribed to g'lr" th.' [jn-Jit ailvt 
cup with covor lo .\b^mrjby wbu'h is noi 
used «a a lorins-cup at tlie annniit dinner of 
the leacht.-n of t)ic ni<*d!cal tu-hivjl of St. Bar- 
tholomvwV, and Eyre was obowo lo pn-wtnt 
the piece of plate.' In 1H14 iw bccam'i a 
member of the Cidliirf of Surgoons, and be- 
gan practice in Herefofd, where he attained 
Bome local celebrity; in 1830 wa» elui'i"! 
mayor, and wa;" kniirbUii in thai fear on 
the aeoesaion of William XV. I>rinVwat«-r, 
mayor of Liverpool, vras theonlyotber raayor 
kniffhtiil, iind a wnwrk of Abemethy lo 
patient on theae honours prewrTes the doi| 
rect pronunciation of KyrftV name. ' O 
ftiA-ay.' said Ab(;rnt.-thy, ' and have always 
vour Ihoughlit the names of the mayors v ' 
have ju£l. been knighted, Eyr>> and Prl 
wat>-r, and you will aoon rrctiver your wii 
Olid your aKape too, I |>rDmiFe you.' 
after hia being knightw). Eyro <lecwl*d 
becoau! a phyjiirian, gtu<lii>d in Parih for 
year, graduaU-d at Edinborgli ir !-'" 
came a membor of (lie Colhyo of 1 
of London in 1'<3rt, and .«i'l up in {>i^< 
Lower Brook Sireef, l^ndon. He iiiiV 
in 1846' Practical nem«rlw"n j,.r.i • V.. 
ing Ditenaea, pnnicularlv H. 
\vom«n:' ana in iJ^yThc "• 
L^ithvultiw.* Uolb books adi><ca<^ th« 
of oxide of silver as a remcdv for mvtt 
guflthe diuirders. They ara addrcsH*! : 
to palit-nlit tliiui to phyitir ions, and r-ontu 
many trivial anecdotes, and no scientific 
serration", .\fter ]>ra«;tifinc with no 
•ncce*ii for scvi-ral jfiir*. I'^yn- reti 
Dromplon, and died sudd.-nlv while 
a friend at Clapham on lU June l^<'t7. 

[Kjrre's ViVirin ; Lirnd^n iii*! PfiiTiiiMiil Meij 
calKirftClory, 1847. Iji' ' '■^T. irirei I 

erruDiKiBi accouac of hix ] S. M. ' 

EYRE, JOHN <17:.i-i-i^ii, <>^-xaevl 
cul ^■l■•ly^^^mH, *on nf John Eyivof Bf 
was bom there In January 17ol, and t 
ou^Feb. He waa odaca'ted iu clatticsl 



p 
^ 



I[«T. John Fisher, iitu^teritflltKliiiiiiKriUumar 
<<cb(K>Uui(i ill mat liciiikl icb It^ t hf Uc v. JtisLpli 
Tburpx, n?etor of I'lirniltiir)- mid IrnVBlf^a, 
Corowatl, in lufl priTtiU> aabool At Formbury. 
Whfti flrtoi-n _vt-m> »M Ii* wns ■pprieiiL(L->'i;l 
to Mr. uliv.T, 1 rlr>rhifr of T«rJ810clr. and 
n" I' n'scUiiiginthsi town. 

A" - u-nu (il'upp^-iitic*- 

«bii' ijt r>'urri<:0 (i> h;4 fattier'^ busines* at 
Itouinin, hihI prew-'bed in hi* leisure hours in 
il4 town hiill, nt which the fitlhcr was m 
inoi'ii incFii-^ iluiL he ilrovi! hit pon rrom 
haaw wilhout «upulyinc him with the mf&nfl 
of liTtag. Thfjugli ti fnviidV EymjiutLv Eyn* 
WM eiublnl 10 fntpr I^^ilv lluiilin^'duira 
ooUa^ Bt Trvvi'<ii». onti uniltir liiT mtroc- 
migK hrminintrnril nt Tnjtonr, ('<>rn«"iill, Ltti- 
Aitn, anij Mullwrry Garaeofi Chujial, I»udon. 
TlKn:.'7l 'Itlcilltitltf Mtl|iXll{ thil diMoiiteiv, liv 
d- r.F* onltTR in ihi' church of Knc- 

lari , I' iiiiitnculutcHlttt KuiiDitniielCuI- 

kgvv (-*iuhri(l^'. in 177h. On .'(0 Mny 1779 
bin wu ortUiot-d lioncon by Itixhoii l»wlli, 
«ndoB I!] Dm;. 177!) be waandvanced to th» 
pn«tiioo(i bv Ilii^hop Thurlt>vr. Hu wu 
curate «t Wetl.Jii iu I77vt, to ('wii nt ljew«a 
until ITPI, then ut Si, Gik's, R»'ading, and 
at St. Luki-'*, Cbrliu-it, Httrving in bolhulnix'* 
und<7 Cftdngan until 17*5. About C^rist- 
maA in iJial ycnr Kyne «-« uppc^iintt-^l millili- 
ter itf llouiinTi^n, or, m it yvim otUin vM'^l 
altor its founder, lOiia'sChnnel, and bcnpi'iu'd 
a i^ool at \\>11 Simi. Ilwknoy. Uub<-n 
A-^i"! .1 '.' v.] was one of hii* pvi{iil», uwl 
<]• tenti§ of iLchcbiMl, uiid Daniel 

^\ . :.'i)> of Calcutta, wus unutherof 

ihti U'Vt Unjiibl by biiii. I-^yni wait very 
«cliv>' in tiifr miiktHtcrial diitius, nnd be aidL-d 
in If many of thui.-liH'f •■vanKirlicnl 

iti'i Thv plun til' th« ' Hvnu^Uotl 

Mafi'iuuiii:.' ■ joint advfiatun- of iiliun:U uf 
Kn^land nnd di«'.-i(ini; ministers, tbi* limt 
number of v'< '->'*l in JHlyl71i.t, wil* 

HMtnrMlIx),.' Ifl'-dundcuulributeil 

Uir. ' lUtil lf<PL'. Hi- wu» 

t«i "Loudoii .Mi*aionary 

S'WM ;y I ii :'. i _dEdwftnl 

liftOMiu in 1- my nt Idle, 

YurValiirv, uljiiiij 1-Ia(. i w h- m- vru* ori- 
^(tatol iu 17<t<l)iy |'Ari.-audulh>.'t>furH-ijdiug 

o«' ' - -■ ' -1* Ki Iriboiir in thi> 

01' ii.nndfmuithifiEpning 

tlu 1 - _ .... , 1 .. ■ . „., Ill r.J->tl<.-i^>, ■^pt-nitl in 
llWf. III! r-inifltinrn admitttsl luy prt-nclifirs 
(U hi* pnljiit, nnil Minn-I ini'.'s short'-ned the 
littir^, ai>d Jay r(«yi. ill hi« niitolno(rm|ihy 
(p. I.Vti: '1 r>iti'Tul» r Iiow it wiw wondi-niii 
■I iloii, of L'alvin- 

i*T I I i)r>.-aoh al Mr. 

W' ■;. I-, anil jireocliei] 

■ritL.i. , itili>DgiUni.'«8ba 



dii^I <m '2>i or ^ Mnrcb 1803, mid vriw buried 
in a Tnult on thR eoiitb cidn of thn comtnu- 
nion-table in llomvrtuo Cbu|w<l, !> April, \ii» 
ftin^^ral srmion b/^ing nrcnched by KonUnd 
Ilill. In Xovember 17^5 bu married Mies 
Mafv K^nc, from nrar Ilrnding, who died 
alWfllStnM-t.Hackiiev.aOJmifi IS27, np^ 
i)i), and waa buri«d by Ler liuabuud's nido oti 
2il JuHf. A inL'Uiuir cf Eyr>< bv thu Hi^v. 
Ucorgi* (.'i/liMn, prt- sidviit of 1 lackni-v ITieio- 
log^iral Seminary, «pp<?ar*d in the ' Lvang^ 
licnl MugazLue' fur June and July 1803, and 
a niuTrttivi- by thi> suiim- minisfi-rof tbivfonn- 
dation, uuiiily by Kyre, ul' that iofitilutiun 
npjH-uri-il in tb)> luunv mii^xino for }i^3S. 
Ills wnnon ' at lb« opening of iho ('ouuuws 
of lluutintcbin's colUf!* at CbMhunt ' vraa 
publi.«hiid, witli oilior dwunieut« rolutin^ 
thereto, in 171*^, and iu 1W^^ he was vindi- 
cated in n letter to the Bishop of London 
hom 'Home unkind rcfkctioa* pa««vd upon 
his chnraeior and conduct bjr bis aueceaeor 
nt ICam's Cliapol, 

[Robinson's Ibicknoy, it. 267- 0; Erangrlical 
Mii^. for iai>3, ISO-'i, 1 S2g, 183S. 184S. nml 1801 ; 
Jiihn M<itiKiu'a r.i>iiili)a Mimionary Soi'tuiy ^1841 
c<l,]. pp. 9'4i) : Juiiu Cumpbi'irii MaHtiiof Biit- 
o>vi-Ty und Miwiitms. pp. ITl. I81-2IH), .i:)H-8; 

[trmiea'i.n>«t.<)fl>i«le[|Ien,I80H-:iK.pp. i:tli.8; 

Wikddiuiituu's C^uctfitaiional Qist. lo 1310, 
pp. 30.6i-7«: AnpUnd'allolifrt Asplandtpp. 10- 
IU; Oiiit. MuK- 1K03, pt. i. p. Zm; ChrisLiaa 
Uttunliaii. xii, 401-3 (1820); Boasoaod Coiirt- 
noy^i Bibl. Coninb. iii. I17;-8.] W. P. C. 

EYBE,SinU0BERT(liiWJ-l7So)Judg<', 
eldont Mi'uand huiruf t"itS«uiui.-I E>TfLtj. v.j 
of Newhou«e, Wiltshire, and cou>iu ot Sir 
Gibs Kyiu [n. v.], both uidgcD of iho hinff'd 
Ix-iK-b imdL-r Willium HI, wua bom in lOUU, 
tnli'iiJ Liiici)!n'«Inii in April 1683, was called 
to the bar in February ItWl'. and went tbo 
western circtiit. Hrlji'cann'r«'r<irdi'rof 8ali»- 
iMity in 16SIIJ, siici?e«din|i; bis coudin Sir fiile«, 
and rnp'v>"-'ntt'd lb« boroiiab in tbclait Ibrti* 
pnrlinnicnts of William lit and the Urnt of 
Anrij, ItHiy-lilO. In May 1707 he wnsniade 
a (liicco'd cnunael, and on '2i Oct. ^7^^>* »uc- 
i-i>vd<.-<l Sir Jame« Montagu na ludieilor-ffeDo- 
ral. lie wn^ a manager of Sachonin'll » ias- 
penvbnt'jnt, iiItb'JU(th b>: hud disapproved of 
it, andailviscdmenjlybiiniiiij: lb** sermon and 
conGninii its author diirint^ \\iv «»Mion, and 
Hp]warrd unt^rwanU nffutn>>t the uerwsn* nc- 
cuM-i\ o{ the riota arinufr out ot ihul trial. 
Jui^t befon' thewhie admiuiRtralion rwiifnttd 
ht' wati Bppmiit«)d a iiidg(> of thi^ niioen'fl bi'nch 
in !iui.vp*sion to Mr. Justice Oould, 5 May 
I7li>, nnd waa knij^htc-d. Upon tbt^ HCc>?Mion 
'if ( )i.'»r:(^ I Im waa app>in(ml chaiiot-llor to 
the IVince of Wales, with a patent allowing 
liim to adviac the princo,and take bea in Hfit* 



lyre 



lOZ 



Eyr< 



of hia jtulg«Aliip. Ileocu in 1718, wltcn the . 
opiiiioDoftliejiirl^EifiwnslaltPUupunlhckiug's ' 
prorogHtivr touching IIih inArritigtM of mem- 
DOS of iiU faiDil V, ho difTerod trwa the otlinr 
)ad(^ ID favour of tilt? prtncv. TliiK.linwrvitr, 
did cot proTcnt hi^ jimmotion. He bpcanc 
lord cliief baroQ i6Nov, 171*3, ■nd lord cliivf 
justice of the oomroon plwu 27 Mnv 17i'S. 
Cliailg68 w«re made oguiuit him iu 1729 of 
iiBTing corruptly assiated in prison Thomu 
nanbrid^ [q. t.], the Trnrdcn of Xcm'gnM', 
who bad ueen convictt-d before him for mi»- 
conduct in thomanaRcuenI of the ^aol. A 
otomittev uf till- lluiiH) uf (.'ummoiu inves- 
tigated the charges and acniillted F.yK. lie 
was the iatuDste friend of Uodulplun, Marl- 
borou^, uul M'a]])ol» and Rumrl, and aj^ 
nonn tohsTnboenaiwctiliarlTlinu^htr man. 
Uq died 38 Dec. I ISo, and war biirien in 8t. 
Thoiana'*. Saliahury, 7 .Inn. 1736. By his 
wif<<, Elizabeth, daughtci of Edward IEu'Ikb 
of Wftrivy Place, Emcx, ivho died in 1734, 
hf had thro« toat and ouc dau){hl«r. 

[Poa'a Liveui of the JudgM; Burnet's HiBtury 
of nil DVB Time ; BeditiAtou'v Treiuury Papers, 
IJU7-H; Honre's WUtstiiw; Lattrell's Diary; 
Suila Trials, vols. xt.&oiI xtii. ; Rajmood* Im- 
ports, 19O0, 1331.] J.JL.U. 

ETllE, Sni SAMUEL (1033-30981, 
jiid^', rami^ of a legal foiutly, lii^ gruud- 
fatber, Rulwrl, baviug bi'cn n bencher and 
riNKltir of Liniv>lu'i) Ino. mid lii* fathvr W^in^ 
ft harrirter, Uobtirt Evrc of Salishuty and 
ChilhamptoD, who marriiil Anne, dnii(;Iittrr 
of Samuel Alderfti^ of Aldfiwy inClufhirc, 
He WBS bom in 1633, bni)ti»>d -JH Dec., ond 
was cftUed to thft bar at Uncoln's Inn in 
JunB 1061. Undftribi' pairoiiore ofthc Karl 
of Sbaneebitry, whttw adviner he waa, he at- 
tained iom« prof<<BftioDnI fminmict-. Ho was 
made a oerjeuul 2\ Apnl lOKl^, and succeeded 
Mr. Jurticc Dolbcn in the king^'s heneh 
6 Vvh. 10114, but was nut Kwum iu until 
22 Feb, When Charliw Knollyo claim lo 
the t-arldom of Banhun' canu.' bffor« the 
HouKH df l^^rdit ill ItiflH, vlyrv wan called on, 
along with Chiff-juMirti Holt, to dtalu to the 
bouae the ^oi)nai> upi^n which be had gi^-en 
jud]nn<^t>t in favour nf Knollys, who being 
tried in the king's btnch in ItiJM for murder 
had pleaded his pririlegv as a peer. This the 
two judge* rcfw*ed to do. thu matlvr uot 
cominK bpfnre ibwhoue* on writ of irror fnnii 
Iho king's bench. Tht-y weru threatened 
with (ommiltal tot)i« Tuwrr, but ihv matt vr 
dropped. Kyrv diiv] im circuit at I^incatrter 
ofaii al tnrk of c<'!lc 12 Sept. 1698 (or lOtb ac- \ 
cording t')I,utiiv]|}. .^mnniimt^ntwndCTcrlfd 
at I^iie«i>4cr]«faim,Dndhial)odywB.oremovcd 
to Si. Thom&A'«, .SAlisbuTy, the family burial- | 



Slace, 2 July [O&O. Hn marrii-d Martha, 
Bughter of f^ranrb, fifth son of Sir Thiunaa 
LuCyofCharlecnle, Worcestershire, by whom 
be had tour Ron!) (the eJdeiiT, ^ir Robert I'>\*t« 
[q. v.l, was jndgv of the queen'i bench) nud 
two daughters. |]ii« wifi: brought him eon- 
eidernble property. 

[l''.xw'» LiT«aof ihr Jud^ ; Hcaiv'a'Willaliin; 
SlattTriaUvoLuui I Itayaoad's RflporU, lO.j 

J. A. H. 

EYRE, THOMAS ( 1070-1715), jeeuif, of 
the family bet tied at Euitwell.Lvicctitenilurt?, 
waa bom on 33 Dm. tli7l). Hesiiidii'd at 
thu oollogo of St. Offiur, wae admitted into 
theSoeictyof Jesua in 1687,and wa» prcifewM!<d 
of thu four TOWS on 8 March 1705^. Ilewnji 
chaplain to the court of James II nt St. Get^ 
main; became pnfeaornf thttolo^at Ij^ge 
(1701-4), and in 1712 was sociua to the pro- 
vincial of hiii order. He died in London on 
Nov. 1715. Dr. Kirk I^Ueved him to W 
ooncAtned in a biography of James II. 

[Foloy'a Reoonls, ti. 2i&: Eirk'd Biog. Cal. 
lectiooa. maniiaeript tiuoted in UilluVk BibL 
Diet.; OlivRr'a J«miitC>>l]eciioiis,p. 87.] T. C. ~ 

EYRE,T1I0SL\S (1718-1810), caih 
divine. Hon of Nalbnnle) Eyre, e«q., was' 
iul~4^atidediKal<:<Ituthe»diori1. " " 
at E»(|uerchin in cmiKi-ct iun will. 
CulIeguatDuuny. Arterbi'ingonliiiiH . , r 
htf nmf- n-taiiieil in the ci>il>-gB as a prui 
In 177A he returned to England bii>. ,.:.<^ 
plncenl in charge of the CMigregation on tho 
!>teltne.<italeinThe partiih of Ityton, Hurham. 
lie began in 1791 to collect materials fnrm 
conliniintion of Poild's ' Church IIi-'or% uf 
Enrland,' hut the diHitniction of ' h 

cstbolic ealnblidhnienls abroad c<' "> 

a mofv active lift and prevented liim Irom 
proceeding with the work. About 1792 l«j 
was appointed to the mission of Pontop I lall, 
near l^iichc»tvr, Durham. In 1794 a niuu- 
berof the students whit hud benn driven from 
Duuay weru wlabUthed in the new collegft at 
Omok H.ill, Diirhnm, which wan leniiximrily 

{Inced under Eyre'a direction. The Her. Jolm 
)aiuel [q.v,], un»ideut of Duuay CoU.^., 
(irriY«>^l at Crook Hall in the following.' ;. 
and by virtue of his office assumed 
of thestudeniB. A few days oAerw 
cver,l>auielr>r*igne<l.ii»dKyn' wajta 
iir>'iii(!<!iit of t'ruok IlalL Tin* 
nourished under his manai^^im cut, 
the prof eMiunt and »Iii<t<.<iili' reni'iv 
Inrtvr college which had N-i'H built 
at t'shnw, four niiW from Dorhaoi. 
Eyre die^ on fi May Iftlrt. 

He piiMishwl : 1. "The In^cmctlon 
Youth m L'hrtstian Piety,' Newcastle, I 





Eyre 



105 



Eyre 



(j^naUtion from the I'tencli of 
:"jt. 'J. Ad ^ditioa of John 
iTiial Work*,' NcwcaAtle, irso, 

Iti" i;iiiiiiiM!npt CoUectinns, iu 2 roU. 4to, 
for « conUDiutioa •}( Dt^Jd's ' C'liurch lliii- 
'toiy' w ikKsefTMl at LhIuiw C'ollef;«. 

{Qtllov'i Bibl. Dice, t. prcf. p, ti, ii. 199; 
'-^-* ■^' il Saceesiiou. tit. 218.] T. C. 

|,YrsXEXTa^ll-I881),p?ne. 
f »»1, \ioTu Bt I'orttiloYfn, m-nr IVrlMuutilb, ou 
^ Jan. iKli, w&« llie ibird con of Captain 
Hmit^- Kyrv, of ui ulil ituuk of I>i'rb.V(iLiru ca- 
ralicn, hj Mary, <liiuglili-r nf .(. CuartiiiiMin, 
«K)^ uf i^ugliran, ro. Galwsy, Irt^knd. He 
Wi« i^liicalcd al tln' Norwich i^mtDftr M.-hix>I 
andvr tbn Rev. R Valpv, who was aim tlie 
iwcWr uf Sir Arcbdnlw Wilwn of Delhi, 
lel Sto«I{Urt,t)i>? Rokharo virtini.Bii<l Sir 
iBrooke[n.v,] EjT«entMre<itlieMiiit«ry 
Lmdvtnj at Andlwombc wh^n nboiit lil^co, 
aofl [msMxl out itilo tiip Brtillor^' of ifau com- 
BOyunlliDcc. 1628. IlewaBffazetCodtotltc 
«anl flilAbluhmnii, And landed in Calcutta 
31 Mar 1H29. .\flT "ifflit y<»n« bw wim pro- 
nob^ 10 bo firet lieulcnant, and appointi'ii to 
ifcorwarlinrry. Iii I-S33 Kvrt'inarri>-dlhe 
net of Oninni'I ^ir Jamea Mciuni, hart. 
iindijil&-'jl. IqI^SU Eyre was appomlod 
[.eonmiftlaty of onlnanM to the Onbul field 
fnroe. He proceeded to Cabul tbrou^li the 
Piii^b) taking with biiu an iinmeDs^ Imia of 
ordwtnce etorae^and Kovlitnl Cubtil in April 
ItUO. The arsenal wu got in onlar.aud pru- 
viaian nade for tho supply of shol, isbell, and 
oibrr War iDjkt«nal« to iha nn\min» in Af- 
[{[liaoiaCau. On 2 Xov. 1841 tho riainfr took 
in wliich i^ir Al<_>xander Dumw [q. r.j 
killMl. Tbt! IlrilixJi forc^ wait imon 
idod in ibo csutoumeolt^ hy the Afghani. 
, Hiry toadf: di-jpcTatv vallii-jt, in oovof which, 
1 1."! Sot., iCiTL' was in ooounanil of Ivn gime 
M-nt mil wit h a force to act a(faiiut thi> walled 
■ ■"■: ■■ '-f Ii«)-manvi. Karly in the day ho 
^■■ly woiuidtTl, \Vlifn in IJecetnbvr 

-..^ Toitinf^T woA constrninM) to nenro- 

tiani for Ibe withdrawal of tlw iirmy, four 

taairiM offlcors with their faniilit-H wcrt- do 

maiidoit by Aklmr as bOBUg«8. Kvro voltm- 

icrmd lo ffn, btit tJiK negotiation fvUthroiich. 

t A t rvat Y for •'vacuaiioa waa, however, rat iiTird 

I cm I Jnn. IHtL'. Kyn', Ktill aafTerittf; Imm hia 

woniD'l. and IiAinpen^ hy thi> prcsi^ncc of his 

[WitB and<:hihl,»tarKdwiiblhecQlutBn(<iJan. 

On tlM^UiAkburdiunanded that the 

^^_^_ 1 ofi<wnwitb thinr fumilic^ should bo 

- •orratularod aa hoi>ttft«a. Thn Kyrea were 

•nong tho fiuniliea ao aurrendcivd. They 

beard aOouaf^crwatdMof thoCJuipl(-U> dnalriK-- 

tka of tho column. TliAy ptased nearly nine 



moutliH in captJvily, moved to dittutt'iit fort«, 
and sufforiog- many privation*. Tlii< ciimntw, 
bowerur, waa hwltnr ; publio worsbip was 
obBCT\-od, and a school was establiab«d ror tho 
cliildreo, Eyie kept a diary and took jmrtrairs 
of the officer* and Udius. The tniiniiicript 
wofi tmnsmiticd to a frioud in Tndin with 
flWHt dillicully, it was iiniiii<diuU>ly pub- 
lished in l-higlund a» ' ^tilitarv OperaUona at 
C«bu] . . , with u Jouruolof ItnpriMHiroent 
in Affthanifitan'fKebnjory 1R4.% followed fay 
a conelufliou of tU« JQunial in April 1843), 
and oxi^ited univi-TMi] inl<?rvgt. A new edition 
rvviiH.Ml and enlargt^d by liim npwuvd in 1878. 
In August llutc&plives were suddenly hurried 
oil' towards lUmian in the Hindu Khuah, 
iindiT u Ihreut of being Bold 09 elavva lu lliB 
l'zbpg8 of TurkfSlan. From this &)« llw.y 
were snved by (he vnprgy of Poltinger, who 
succiwdtid on 11 i^pt. m buying over the 
Afghan ofBcer cuuuuiiudiaK the rscotI, Sir 
George PoUook waa now ad^'oucin^' for tlieir 
re«iii:. Uu the l"lb they mut Sir H. .Shiike- 
spear ill the head of b fm-ndly party of KixiU 
biuihborM.-,nndo&thi3:!l.'4l t hi'V marched into 
PtdhiikV tamp at Ciibul. 'I'liey uuiuht!iT.>d 
thirty-fivt* offici^rs, fifty-on« ftoluiar*, lwel»H 
woniiii.oQd twenty-two children, Uet timing 
to IndiawithPoUock'samir. EyrewajtiJOHied 
once more to the horseartillijiT. While quar- 
Utim\ lit Mocrut he oriffitiat«u a club for the 
Europtao noldiviy, prolMbly the fint of I be 
kind. InlWember lt>44 bnwoa appointed to 
comniund tbu urtillory of iho newly fonncHl 
'dwulior etiuliugitnl.' He ruaed this force 
to a high pilch of efficiency, a.s waa proved 
Ijy it« uclions in the mutinv. llii period of 
service ntfiwalinr was marked byanalt«mpt 
to fotmd a colonv for x\u^ fnniiticM uf Portu- 
giivao niitives left dratitule by ibe dlsbnud- 
ment of llin Mnhmtta force. Ue obtninml 
land for their sett lenient, whiiCh.bv hiedmro, 
was CAlh'd Ksaporp, i.o. the ttba^v of Chris- 
tiana. After prosperioff for « time it won 
broken up by tlio unfaeallhinMui of ihn Kitun- 
tioo. He also undertook the dutie-i of oxo 
cutive engineer, arcliitwt, mad-maker. Jtc, 
to tho station, and erected a very linndsomu 
litl.h' church. In 16o4 bn Wame major, and 
in May 185fi visited England on furlough. 
In i''«bruary 1857 he returned to India, and 
was posted to a horso-artiUpry battt^ry at 
Tbavat Myo in Burma, but was recalled lo 
Indfa on the betaking out of the nutiny. In 
J uly bo wa.t s«nt up inuGangus for Allahabad. 
Uu the '2Sth he readied lluxar, wlmro li« 
leanicd that a force of mtitlneeni under Koor 
^tngb, tli« ntjab of .Iiigilespur, was besieeiog 
H nmall body of government servants in a 
fnrtifii.-d house at Arrah, forty nitltis fmm 
Huxar. Eyre Cook ibo ri»pouRibilily of di»- 



embukiiiff I60in«)ii<>f tliH^>llifuc»i, nhowire 
under orai!>n for Allohabud, nnd vich ihcm 
mil] hi* own foirt" laarrli'-d to lli« nslii'f yf 
ArT«h. Starting nn 30 Jnlv hf^ Wrned on 
litH Tx>aA that the (>iKiDy lisil i\-]iiilf>_-il u ity 
tarhm^-nt of fi>ur linndrfd Hritl.«h triii'[w. (>n 
S A ug. he met a force of i be «iieuiy li vt> t ime^ 
u» numerous a» bU own. 1 !■; dcfcntcd llicm 
after desperete tishlin^', <^di:d by a dticUire 
Imyuaet'^hiirse. iK'u-an junt iniiiue to smve 
(lio hoiiw, wJiith hud olrcady Ix-rn minL'd. 
E>re Jisariiic>!thi?lowns|»!0|(l>'>if Armh.Bnd, 
being n-inforeccl bTtwoconiMiiiosofthe lUth 
foot and onv of ftiittniv't^ i?ikb#, tei out <'□ 
the 1 1th to driiTi Kuor Singh out of hi* fort i- 
iiv<l n.i&idimco at jR^vspur. Onca more vic- 
torious will) sinnll InjM, hi' (Irxivrt tin: i>ni-iny 
before bim.cupturine two Udd-puna and <-am- 
plrtelj diwtnijinjj Kdor SinghV st ixiu^'hold 
witballitatnunitioniiof wnr. ThisbrWcARi' 
pM|{n, undertiikeu na hi« own ivAponaibility, 
Teetoro) ordpr in llio Hirtrict where it oc- 
cumd, wecutvd the coaiimitiicat iniut by lh« 
Gnod Trunk Road, revived KritiBh preslipc. 
and drew from Uuimui th<^ highv^t ymit*.- 
and nn cHnieat rMrrininiendaliiiu nf it.'* It-mlKr 
for Ihw Vietoriii Crow, an honour which was 
never bi-Jilowmi. V.vm now jniinii at ("awn- 

8 ore the forro odvancing under Outmm nnd 
ir H. Hnvrlock I" thi' relit-f i»f L,ucknf>w. 
Tht*rolnnin rparhfd LiK^kiiowafli-rfonriiays" 
Slfhtitig, Kjre sucpeeded lo tbecoaimandof 
thJeaniUpryon thrdr-arhftf RripidiorConp^r. 
lie commanded at the importiini outpo.ii of 
the Alnmhafifb till lh>' onplun; of the n-lK-l 
city by Lord C'lyde in March 1H58, I''or his 
«0n'ici_-9 berD ho waa fiiitiui^ntly uamwl in 
Uutruu'8 do«gatcb4-j<. In lh-ct>nibvr 185" hi- 
waa made licut^nanl-cnlon^l and V li. He 
bMatnc bn-vpt colonel in IWombor 1658. 

.\ftcp tin- I'Uppn-H'i'jn vf the uiiiliny Kyru 
waa appointed to jiu)>cniilfnii ihe powiiiT 
works ul lahiipurv, m-ar <!.'alcutta. lien?, iu 
ISfiO.hi- inarririi hirimiiMri. t'-fithrrrin"- Miirv, 
daughter of CapUin T. Kyrp. R.X. InlSOl 
Eyre wiw »fh-ct*-<l by Lnrtl Utiuning tn Ik- a 
membor of the commi^^ion on tlifi amnl^- 
■nation of the compnnv's armv with that of 
tho qu«cn, and in l^tlS won appiitnicd in- 
apector-Ki-nonil of ordnance in ilie lt<-n;;nl 
nrmv. In April Ih()3 ht- woji ord'-rcd home 
oil tick l«ii\c, and r'-tiix"! with tb« rank of 
lieuti'uant-ifeneral in October iWA In lH(i7 
ho rertelvW the K<ocond-«1a«e depuration of the 
Star of India. IIap|Bmtn|f to l)e in Francw 
on the breaking out of the war with PruMia, 
Eyre unili-rlnuk to ■irgnni'^e nn nnibuhincp ser- 
vice under the rules of Ihi^ Kn){bnh National 
Ktfd CnHm Society, lie formed a local com- 
mittee in August at Iloulopne, and for th«>n4>xt 
mght m<;ntbs he and Lady Ejn oontintwd to 



hr lli>> pri-Aiding and uio>it. artive uiemberv of ■ 
very benefirenl orgnnisation, The*o M-rrioi4 
werv m<mt handiomely acknowh-'dRed by il 
variousniithoritiot of ih« two b.-llif;cmnt na 
tiona. I [e pas«ed hi<j winters at Ivome during 
hiA lalf*r yenm, and was cvenrwhere a favou- 
rite in society. In i)m- timuiuvr of ]8{?0h« 
waa attacked by a spinal di»eatte, and di<^ at 
Aix-U!»-IJaiDaaai32Si5nt. 1^1, UismmAiiLa 
were brought to England and inti-nvd at 
Kensal Gre«iL 

Kyn* waa a man of noblo and bcvulifi 
nature. Ilandaome, courteous, aix-omnlikhn 
he was at the same time daring anil full < 
r>*aourRe. High li lira ry and artistic l«len 
were oomhineu with hiii militnrr qnoliiiAti. 

He lefl four children, oil by his first wifp. 
nirfe noni« ndopi>>d the cartirr of orma, and 
his daughter married a military officer. 

JTtio puMir rTi'Dto of Erre'a life will lie funiul 
in tlie-tAwInrd !ii!tijT!«(i of India and th*M«iiny. 
A memoir waa publi^i-d during hia lifecimu by 
ColtilM't U. 11. M'lllcsoir, C.8.1. (' HrnriiliooB uf 
an InHina Ufficial.' IBT2}. Htmxn farther fad* 
linrc WoB Bnppbed by the kindnes of hi!> reln- 
tivM.J U. li. K. 

EYRE, SiK W11JJA.M (1805-16^) 
maj<'r-gi'n»rnl. vonnger son of \n«!-ndmi; 
Sirr.eorg,. Kyri. K-CB., K.r.M.O.. by Owr 
gina, daughter of Sir (j^'orgf Cooko, hart 
was bom on 21 Oct. \t*W>. lie was educate' 
at Uiigby School, wher." Ik- rttmainwl froi 
1817 until he entered the army as an en^i 
in tlic t!th regiment on I" April IN-.I. Il» 
wn« i>romottMl lieu'cuoni in thiat ngimirtit or 
& Nov. It^o, and to a lialf-pay cnptaincy on 
20Xov. 1^27. IIi'ri-nitiini.-Joni^mployi'd until 
31 May 18:^^(, vt lien be r<}ceivt;d a cotn)>any 
iho 7i1rd r^mont, with which he continue' 
for nwirly twouly-tivo y^-ar*. TIm' "Srd w 
^tali<'Mled in ilie ilt-ditermncanfrom isyo 
IMO.inwhich year Kyrcwaspromoiedmnjor, 
in Ciinada from ]S.'in lo lRll,aud at homo 
from I&lt lo IRIo, wht>n it was ordurvd 
the Cape of Gtiod Hope, On it* way 
hoirevor. the r*--giin(>nt, tliMi under th^i co: 
mandof Lienlennnt-mlonel Van der Men) 
Wflfl diriMtwI by tlw British miniMcr ot fCi 
de Janeiro to proowd to .Munte Video, whic 
city it garriAoiw!d from January to July ' 
and di-Y'^uded againet an Argcatiuo f!i>' 
under Geneml Drilw. In the latter month 
proceeded to its ori^nal d^nti nation, ond 
actively em ploy eti m the Kiithr war nfllM 
under the command of Ej-re^who wn.i 
moled Iteutenanl-C'ilonet on 12 Nov. 1 
Kyn'i* fltne^s for senic<» in a war agninv 
eavaees in a difBcuIl country wa» nDivcrsall 
n-cognisi-d by thf! g.-nonjil.* under wtiora 
a«rvcd, Sir Perc^in^ Maitland, Uenry Som^ 



at 



ff 



to. 



lOl 



ont. 



IMdi 



bal 



p 

I 



fiet,at)jl ~ IWkrIirr. When t!»* next 

K^r 1^ 'Oil in 1861, bf^ vrm at nnct- 

onlecvil lo tli<- front, ntid placvd iti ootnnuinil 
of « riilimm. rfin.-i-itin(( of bi^ own wgimpnt 
ait'l :.; inJ"jimtry,bT.Sir Harry Smifb. 

A\ . TCi: h(> oowmnUKlH-i) mimy iin- 

poruuit I'laU »f nmi»; on 10 Ajml 18J>1 tie 
defeatM) tb« tuitfirs al llnibi^i ilivi-r, anil 
oo IDStTpl.at CuanniltMr'MHill; ou It Much 
\^'J li>' r>i]iiiiun)ie*l the ri^hl coluinn in the 
attack im Mafomo's Blrang:lialil : and on 
7 ApnlhffcaptimKlovor^ghtliiiutlivili-attlf 
ID ftu iitd<ip!n<li'ot expedition into ih^ Atna- 
tolftcouairv. WIit?DL?irGLvrgi-CDtliL-mn hul-* 
eaMlwl Sir Ilnrrr Smith, tn' maintaimil Kyre 
la contoanil of ht§ iii<lp|ientleji( <i-olumD, aud 
tuiiler the n<?w ctiunnatiilf-p-in-rliii-f Kyn- oif- 
cipmitod rhroiiirliotii tlie fiiuil iipi-rati'mfl of 
tn Kaflir war with the ^cate^l credit (««« 

30, 07, W, U>7, IWJ). Wht'n tliis *«« over, 
EjTTv wws aelt^ie*! far the commiind of the 
•BCond brintdv uf t hf anuy, v. liich tijir Gi.*oiv«! 
Cfttbrxrl I«I io pf-rswu to puiiifth MiishesTi, 
tbe n»»uto chjpf. Al lh« battle of licn-a In' 
coamiandwl on ibv ri^ht,iind did much to 
win th* Tirtnrv. N evert Iwliaw, in certain pri- 
TB'' " ii^tcTWiird»piibii«hiHl <tA. pp,.'tJ4, 

IH- n. hlaniM Kyrp for iliinking 

tO'iTv [>i -ti/mR cuttle than of his loililarv 
dutiei, all ati-iiiMtion wbic)>lb>-1i>tti-rrf^f>]tt'd 
Id an tnivr^'ntiti^ lettor lo the ' .MominK 
Herald ' iif '.':( < >ct. lsr<6. In his public Av*- 

EiU-Las C'ALfacarl hiid DOtbio^ but ]rraifi« for 
I nbunlinate, aud Eyre waa for his mt- 
Tirx-^mnitinCn., appoinUxlan BidiMk-^'ttinp 
to "iiii pnituii(e«l eoloiiul on 'JH May 

if 'I rtly afterwards relumed loEnc- 

land. lui'i when an umy wu^ unlvred lu the 
Ea»t under Ijiin! !luf{1an in 1.'^rj4, Kyre wai 
iv>in(iiatiHl [Q roniTniuid iJie M-cond bngudv of 
lh»*^T*l flMi^iiin iind'T iiidold chivf CuthrJtrt, 
A' 'if thiit brigadi) he vrn^ piktM-nX 

at ' flhe Alma, and be waa honour- 

•ti I I i~'rhin t^rvic/» in commnrnl 

of ' liinii)f the battle of Inki-r- 

.MiMii.u;^ ' ijwcodcd lo the 

Buiand of ihi- ri, all bough h<a 

I not pruiuoicd in ij- r ,t uf ml until ly Drc. 
ISbi, in aucet^MiKU to (.'athLiirt. Ho n-uiiiinud 
ip .1... I v.. ,,, thnjufllioul Iho lerriWe n-iulcr 
of : l tl wna imnlTinn>c-u^i(iono( 

- that lykfil IUt;1nn jinvo him the 
uf ib<' fftTf^ \ihii^b was direrted 
u>'ii iK'' dii*.,ip.rl i-ixir rill Ifs.hinv 
nt jind if) 
- luke'e ' In- 
lun ' (vul. VIII. I Kyre wiu 
'I tb(ifat'0<Jiinii|j:lboo|M'M- 
■ \ tl) (h" Oimea uniil the 
lit, aiii] wii« for tiia Bcntcatf 




made aK.C.Il.on lUJuly 18&'Mtnd ii Inii^t 
of llu- I.iM;i<Jit of Honour and of the Medjidia 
in tile foltowini; year. In July IHTrfl he was 
amwinled 10 (Lu (.'oiuuitiud of thv forctta in 
CStuada, bul th# privntions of ihe <_^^meAU 
winter bad deetruyed hie bcalth, luid lii^ had 
to ppsiifn in Juni; 1 (<•'>!>. Hi^ nrltn-d to Jtitton 
Hall, near Rujrby, wheTc to (lied im 18 Sept. 
IbAM. A window ha^ be«n er<-ctvd to liia 
in«niiry in Billon Church. 

[Naml and Milliary RcnMvJH of Ituvtoinns ; 
itiirkBn Idn'led Ocntry ; KreonU of tliu 73nl 
ittid t3rd KetiiinfiUa ; CorrMp-iiidecttt of Sir 
tlwayd <.^th£»rt; ilra. Ward'e Firo Yoftrs id 
KalllrliiiKl fur Ihc Cmt Kaffir War; CnpL-'s Iliat. 
of th« Rifl« Brigade for Ihe necoml IvHilir Vf'nr 
and Ihc batilo of Serea ; NoUn's Kspcdiliuu lo 
the (La»C: KiciRlake'a iBTiuion of Iho CrimaA, 
etpeci.illy toI, Tiii.] J[. M. S. 

EYSTON, BKRNARD, B.D. (1028- 
170O>, FruuciMnn friar, mllpd in religion 
Uerojird k ."vincto Fmnciico, "was a yotinger 
s<in of "William Eyston, r«i., of EmI Hto- 
dn-d, ]tiirki«liire, by Mary, daofihtur of Jamea 
Tlinteher, esq., of I*rit'H« liawi*, in Ihp parish 
of Wotlhum, Sussex. Ho Ivcamv luctorof 
divinity at St, lIonavenluPe'sC^nTent, JJouay, 
wbem lie (Vivl on 28 May 1709. H« wtoio 
' The Cliriiftiati Duly i'(}]U|Nir0d, being Ui^ 
{•ouraes Upon tbt- Creed, Ten CotnuinndniL'ntf, 
and the JMicniimint",' Aiiv, ItWl, 4to. 

.Anothi^r I'mnriacnn named Kvjilnn, whoso 
christian name hus notb«en a»C9rt4kined,wa4 
the aut'ior of ' A Clf'nr I^okinif-ffUss for iJl 
Wamleriui,' Sinners,' ICoueu, Iwi, ^tno, d^ 
dilated to Lady Wdloiighby. 

[Olirer'a Catholic RvliiHon in ComTall, pp. 
US. 5i>l ; Oilloir'a BibL Diet. ii.^OS. VII7.I 

T. a 

EYSTON, CHARLES (1607-1721), an- 
lirjiiJirv, •■btiT^t Hon of fit'omi.' Kyston, e«q,,tif 
Ktt-ft H'^U(ln^l, liifrkflbir*-, by Ann, <ljiucutor 
of Robert Uarmer of Poterlcy, Ruckiu^bam- 
sbire, -Knt. bom in 1067. Ho hoeamc uistin- 
Kiiisbod ail an antiquary, and wiui a Kreat 
friend of Thomofi Kefimo, who in his 'Diary' 
«aya: ' Hi* was it lioinan catholii-k, uiul u 
i-huritable lo the ((oor, that lie b lamented 
by all that knew anyiliiiiK ot him. . . . litf 
wait a iniin of u kwi'*;! lei»|H^r and wait an fx- 
rellent scholar, but so mndecL that ho did 
not can* lo Iidvm it nt anr timr< mriiticiintl * 
(Pelii/tiiai II^antitjH/r, od. IH6II, ii. 1-1 IV He 
died on Not. 17:Jl,aodwaa buried in llun- 
dr«i Cbitrcli. 

Hti marri«rd in 1602 WiMfrid Dorolby, 
daughter of Uiuiil Fitihcrbert, ewj., of Swiu- 
uertoii. t^talTonlihirv, and of Nortmry, IVrhy- 
xhirv. Olid bod a uuiuerou,-< faoiily. On'-of 
bia Sana bMsma a jaauit, and sever&l of tn 



ilaught«n entered ibo kIi^ioiu stAtL>. His 
<lesc9Ddajit« un Ktill wnivxl at ICiui Ili-mlnHL 
Ho nu the Kiithnr of; 1. ' A little Monu- 
ment lo ttieoDce romouHAblwjraadBoroueb 
of GlMtonburjr, or a oboit kpeoimiMi of too 
History oflliat uai-ieut Atonastei]^ and Town, 
with a Deacn|itiou of the nmaining Ituins 
of Qlastonbun',' 1716, manuscript at llen- 
ilrei! House. \l was printed bv llearuc in 
lua ' IlJAlory and Ant iquiiicc of C^lutonbtirr,' 
172:!, and ajpun iii tlit- lii-v. Ktcbard Wai^ 
«er'« ' Uiatory of the Abliov of GU«ton and 
tbe Town ot Obutonbury," 1820. 2. ' A poor 
lilllu MimiiiDeut Lo all thi> old jiiouA Dis- 
aolred l-'oundatiotia of EugUnd ; or a abort 
History of AblwvM, all sort* of Mona*U?rie-s, 
Cflllegef), Cliapotin, Cliantrici, &c..' Manu- 
script prveenred at liendred. 

[ Kirk's Dtof . ColltvtioiM, maDDseript quotMl in 
Oitl<>w'sBibl.Uict.;>'<>)M''aR«Kirda,Tii.'J3R.28U; 
Barkr'a Landed Oci]1r]r*(18Se)k i.«01 : Iteliqiiiie 
Boam)AiUD(l86I)]. u. 106, IM. 13S, H». :i84, 
iii, 208-1 T- C. 

ETTHAN, Loan. [Seo Kiko, Jasbh, 
16*1' Ig:c'.J 

EYTON, JtOBEHT Wn.LL\.M (181B- 
1861), uutiquanr, boru at the vicarage, Wul- 
linglOD, ShroMuipe. ou L'l Dec. I8I6, was the 
lliinl son of tlic Ri'v. Juliii Eytoii, u codvt of 
tbe Kytontt of I'jytun. IJU raolber was na 
Iwress of tho Piowdens of Plowdon. Ho wns 
educated lintt iil Ilriilfpiortb, tbon at lEucby, 
undt'rDr. ^Vrnold, wbenre ho proceodrd to 
Chri»t CLunrh, Oxford ((Vlobor lt<i.',). wid 
thero graduated with hnnoars in IKSO (M.A. 
18*&J. After taking bis dogrw hv enlunnJ 
holy ordert, and in 1H41 wag preaentcd In 
the iwAoty of Ryton in Shropshiru. During 
hia rasid«ttc« here for twt!i)ty-two vt-an Iim 
plansod and wrot* bis mni- wort, 'The 
Antiquities of Sliroptthire, which was com- 
ptelea in 1841 and published in furty-i-ight 
pKrta. sudiiiiu iwt^vv octsvo voluiu«s. 'lie 
•tan^ alone, Bay* Mr. Cli«.ter Waters, 'in 
thn Litt'rar}' world as a county luHtonau.' 
His kiiowlitdfp! of iW tiN<:aI iind judicial 
a^Atemfi under tlie Anglo-Normnn kings, and 
his familiarity with pL-r^ons and uvimta dur- 
ing two c4Mituriu aftfir the Nurmaa oonquest, 
wt're very remarkable. Ilia researohea were 
mainlv confined to this Dcnod,and the paro- 
chiai Listory of .Sbropshire i^ eeldom brought 
down in hii> work to a later time than the 
roign of Gdward I. Genealogy was one of 
hia stmng pointu, itnd hiH mumoin of tbn 
familiea of Ld fitmngc, Mortimer, and T>o 
hncy, in which nothing in admiltnl without 
strict proof, plared him at tl^ head of cttn- 
tamporary gcae^logists. EylonV stvie was 
dry, but always clear and precise tn IStfS 



he resigned the living of liytoa and remoTwl 1 
to tho aoulli of EiigUiuJ. lie soh) hia li*l 
bnry, but soon nsaniMl ht> studies, verib-^ 
ing and oorroctiag doubtful pasaage* in tlM- 
' Antiquittea,' applying spMial knowlnlga to 
iImj »ubi«ct of Knglinh huttoiy during thn 
eTenl-ful reign of llnnry IT. In 1^76 be 
published 'TheCourt, Household, and Itinv 
rary of Henre 1 1 .' 'ilie writer haa collected 
and amngeJ in order of date erery record 
of this reign within hts knowhudgw, whHh»r 
printed or in manoMript, am) han apptfudt-d 
to every charier tbe names of attestaif; wit- 
ncsMS, so Hist the itinerary of the king tn- 
cludca the public liff and care«r of every 
member of his household, court, and govern- 
mvnt, wit h details of evurj transaction, Irg&l 
and political, i>( which any record has be«a 
prueerved. Eytou*B later years were spool 
in publiihintt thu rifwiilte of Iuh atudit-* of 
I>omi^Julay Itook. In IA77 app^red 'A Kay 
to Lkitoesilay : an Atudyns and Digest of i bo 
Surrey of the Connty of Doreet, <lto. In 
this book he act ionh his belief that th« 
domecday bide of land was a t«rm denoting 
fiscal raluo, not supurficial (quantity. I'he 
Doraet volume was followed in IH>M by 
similar digest of thu * Survey of Sutncrsvt,* 
in twu volunim am. 4toi in IA81 the 
method waa applinl to the 'Surrty of Slaf- 
fordnhirt^,' in another Tolnmv. To thd I 
IsAt-naroed worbn waa given lh« commm 
title of DomeedaySiudi«.' Tbe four volnin 
tofrrther iindoubtofjly fonua most impnnan 
coulribution todome»day literature. 

ICytou's lost prinu-d work was a series of 
notijjton StaHurushtm rooDnU,with apvcial ro- 
fcrence to the baronieB which are enunieralvd 
in thu ' Libur Niger' This [Mivr was wrilti 
in co-ofieratiou with Colonel Wtotlcob/j, ud 
was printed 1^ the Salt Society (i. 14o|, i 
whicn Kylou tookagnml Imen-bt. Allhou^! 
siifreringfroniarao«>l poinfuIcomplaiu[,hedii 
not t«lax from hia faTourite studies till &' 
woeks bcfon* his d««th. The roliinhl* co 
tion of his manuscript remains, QUiae 
liny volumes, written in a minute hnna, wi>rp 
purohased by the trusteoa of thi? British Mii- 
Ileum in li^'J. They include, amoiid other 
valuable researches, a digest and aniuy»s of 
the ' Domesdajr of Lincolnshire,' In five tjuart 
Tolumes, with a hutory of each fiof and i 
Buccesaivu ownurs, so liir as llicy uan 
galhenHl fp>m tliu putdic records. In hia 
manusrripr vid. vi. the author esamines all 
the undatfvl charters of lliv Aajjlo-No 
kings which hn\'n bwn printed in the ' M 
nastioDQ ' and the 'Cbmuiele of Abingdo 
and aatigns to eech charter it* true (!at_^ 
Among uts manuscriptB ar> ftmr folios, in 
which X>ugdiklu*s version of the b*rouat{e ta 



in&I^H 



■t<^J 

m 





Lyton 



107 



:zekiel 



I 



copied on onu miIp in litbuUr fnnu, while 
tbeupp03iteiafii]lc»fcmTt><!i.iQnB, proofs, and 
iUusiratioiu. Hediedat Winclin^ld Houw, 
near Ita8iD^t(i)u>, HftinpHliire, on 8 Sept. 
It^l. Ue muried id l^»>[nry EliMlwtL, 
eldest daughter of Jkiae* ^Vlttt8, vteor of 
hodhury, by whom hu bad a famUy. 

[Acwiwar, 18SI. pp, 293-4 (by K. CtwtCT 
W«tan): Sill Soooty. vol*, i. U.; Shrapthin 
ArA. 80c ToL X I R. H. 

EYTOM or EDON, STEPHEN (jt 
131.1J !'), c)m>ni€lt!r, n-iH B canon uf th« Augu^ 
tiiiiitn prion* of \V8rter, now Pocklingtoii 
ill ihe liast lli.lin^ i.f Yorkshire, mad poe*- 
<iltly took hU luimc (ram the nciehbourintr 
TtUagv 'if Etwu. Hi- wrole » work enlitli-d 
•Acta lidwarili II,' of which tho opening' 
worda wuiv ' I'uul luurtutn loii luunuo d&- 
flrndnin,' iiiid of which l.elftiii) found & copy 
tti t\\n lilinuT of I'oiuiUiiis Aliljuy (Collnt. 
iii. •lo). It hk» not' »ini'r Ixrt'ii identitidd 
(HahPT, li^eriptive Cat. iii. SOl!i). 

[Ldutd't- Comm. de Scripit. UrlU cccxH. 38-4 
et Ma. : Ba]«, ^eriptt. Brit. Cai. t. 9. p. 390.] 

K. L. P. 

ETT0N,TU0MASfAMPBELL(19(»- 
lAW),nKliirali!<t,tn't.-tity-lhinl huir io direct 
SOaIo dowoat of the wfll-knowu Khropshira 
&]iulT,ws8hon]atETtoulOSc)pt.iew. Hix 
ftthtn- wiiB Thonrne Lytun, •••q. (1777-lft'>5), 
neordn nf W'^nlock, and high Bberitr of 
SLrmiUiiv in ItfiO. ilii> mother ww ^inry, 
4ugul«r of Itfojor-ffownl Ponitlil Cnmp- 
twO. H«iookupilii>«iudy ofnatunil history 
si ui early u^*, and becanie the friend nod 
auntrponacnt of Chariot Harwln, ^Vgusu. 
Aai Gray, Wallacv.ProfvworUwt^n, ana other 
iiaiuralifita. About IMS he iii«itut«l and 
«onduciod tho ' Jltrd IJtJok oCIlun-furdCm- 
tl«,' and <-nutiiiii(-d i\n puhlioaitiun ti> l(^K), 
whfn Mr. T. I>uckhambucsuicit6i'ditur, In 
hi* owti Tai'ht and nt hix own p-iprnM, he 
eonduct/Hl an irjt< i for the ^vltii- 

mnnt into the o^ >■% of the Itritidi 

I' ' r«nili-= • I "im .■! he puhliitltcd iu 

of (h« (HstiT iinJ the Oyat«r 
I 1 iSJH, illuBtTAted fcv finely drarm 

Lk'i '. 1'' fnjiD hia own dii>n.-cti'Jiis. In 
K'vU; h. ^.olilinKid his ' II:storT of the Rarer 
British BinU," witli wooJcuU which ha wbocn 
oompanol with llewirkV fi>r tiili^lity. Tbeae 
•mtn tbe irork nf a local i-n^ravfir on wood, 
nanml Marlia. In rhe eainu Tear ■ppoarud 
bin 'C'aUln d» liinfVnml in 1»3M 

bit alaborat" , ;i!i ..if iht> Anatidic, or 

XhiekTrifae.' On. uoaseasionoflhe 

Cainny '.-'Taf in I - ntiailt a ipocioua 

It rt Inch hft formed one 

I. i>f ddasand&kuloioiid 




of hinl,.( in Kiiropr. llir«kHl>;(oiiiiWL'r<?muetl7'4 

iirt'panN} and mniinted by hia own bunds. 
:*yton wia a Inen vpoiUman, and bunted ths 
8hn>pshirebouadarorMTeralsea«ons, AlthJA 
life he was an active tuagiatrnte, and in 1B&& 
WAA tho pioneer of the volunteer moTement 
in Shroii«>hir(.>, in the yeomanry ca\-alry of 
which county be had previously held a com- 
mi^^ion. In addition 10 thcworlia mentioned 
Kyton publii!Li.-d, throu^li Itlr. HoUion uf 
Vfellinglon, between 1871 and 1878: 'av 
twologia Avium,' a voluiniuou^ work on the 
akeletonii of hinU, illiuitnttisi fmni the *PM'-i- 
mnoB in bis own tnuHeuuif ' Eytoa's Cata- 
loguit of ypTCies of Rirdii in his pomewion ' 
(l^ndnn, llV»8), 'A Syaopws of the Diwk 
Tribe ' ( WellinuioD, lh«9>, ' Fishine Litetm- 
tur«!,' 'Fox-hunting Litvratura,' 'ObeervB- 
tion-t on Oionc,' ' Notts on i^nt,* and cata- 
logues of the drawing ongraii'ings, and 1 
portraita at Eytun, and of thv skulutoua of 
birdti in ht«i niiueuui. (lis Icat publieatioa 
wa« a aupplumvut to bis iiuc work ' Oeteo- 
logia Avium,' iu 1878. Hk look wtpocial 
pleasure to help fellow-ftudent^ in ttAiuml 
SCiriiw. Though B finn iippcinvnt of tbs 
Darwinian theory, hufni^ndithip with it.i aii- 
tborcontiaiied to bis death; but hewas much 
cba^nc-d at findine «omi! of hiit own oWr> 
ratLona on the batiils of pigeons used b^ 
Darwin in support of tbe InpotJieais of na- 
turulHidi-ctioo. Eyloudii.<dSCOoC.1880. He 
man-ieil, \'A May 13^, Klisabetb IVancea, 
dnugbtiir uud coheirvM of Robert Aglionb^ 
SlaiH'y, liiiig M.I*, fur yhmwaburv, hy wlioin 
he had fu>veu children. A dait^bter, Miss 
Chariot to E>-ton, is thoautbor of Beventl works , 
on ftcientifir suhjftctH, anch a« 'The Rocks irf ' 
tbe Wrekin/ and ' By Fell and Flood.' 

(Art. by pnwnt writer in Sbrapnh in Standard 
forOctoWr 1880 ; private infiirmatitm.] R. A 

EZEKTELs vVBRAUAM EZEKIEL 

( i7rir-!M)(l), i-nfjmver, wiw bom nt ExedT 
in 17rt7. Ho engraved portrnit.^ by Opio, 
Sir Joxbiia Hoynold*, and others, and woi 
ah)o wriil known lu* a miniature-painter and 
a scientific optician. He died in 1806. A 
tniniaturc portrait of liim was exhibited aG 
tbe Anfflo-Jvwish Hi>torical Exhibition h«ld 
in London in 1887. 

[Jamba oad Wolf's BibL AnRlo-Jodaica, No. 
070; Catalofiaoof tho Aiutk>^«wish l^hibitioa, 
p. M.J T. C. 

EZEKIEL, SOLOMON (i;pl-lt*67). 
Jewieb wTiler, son of Abraham I'^eki^ ' 
Kxekiel fq. v.], wa» boni at Nowton Abbot, 
Devoiubue, oil 7 Junu 1781, and «ittl«d at 
IVninnce as a plumber. In Jauuitry ISl^O 
hu publuibiMl a, luttor to Sir Rhh! Price, bort.. 



Pabell 



loS 



Faber 



cli&irniiiii of u brnncli of ibe BoctPty for Pro- 
ni<7liiig ('lirintiiittity nmmii^ the J«ws, wlio 
had askti for k confpivncp with ibii larp) 
nndwvftlthyJIi.-brpn cununiinityiit I*ft>xsn(>-. 
In flofiiiMjTM'nffl f>f ICxckid'n l.^ltcr .Sir Rose 
Prire made further reseorchee, and came to 
thcconcluiijon that iho Jl-w» wcr» not y.'t 
vreyved to adopt the christian &itb. Ki^ 
Vief, vrhn wna a rif(id obwni^r of the ritr« 
and c«mtnonie« of ibs JewUh religion, diol 
Bt Pfliutaitce on U March l--<tI7. 

Bo trrotfl: 1. A traiulntion from the Hp* 
brcwof ■patnphk-i hyiiic liw.Uart t^jtincRie, 
conUiniiig cen.Hur^rs of the authorised Yerawin 



of ihf holy ftrripmnw. A reply to lhi#, by] 
Jobii Kiif^ra, canui) of Kxnti^r, wa> |ml(li»hcl ' 
in 182i?. 3. -The Ufp of Abraham' and 
' Tlir Lif« of Iwiac; IVmanrc, 18W &, V2mn, 
he'iTiK a 6prit>« of Wturea on the lives of tha 
pntriarvha, delivered before the Pecunnro 
lli-brv'w Hocirty for Promotinjr the |liH\i«ioo 
of lt>3li;;iuu? Kuowlcdjjie. S. 'Loctunon tbo 
lli-bn-w Fdslivols,' Penttncp. 1847, Tinid, 
deliverwl ni. the Peomnce Liirraty Iniititai^. 
[JcTOhChn.niclr,?2M*itfh Ift07,p.S; Bo»»-5 
BM CoitflBwy'« Ilibl.CWuulioiisin.i'p. U5. 1178; 
Cat. of Priuud Ba<^ in Brit. 31a*.; Jamie a**! 
Wolf'4 Bihl. AnjtloJndaicii, No. 071.] T.C. 



F 



FABELIi, PKTER ( rf. 15tli wut.), was 
n nalivt* ol' Eiiinontoii. wh^w \u< wiw known 
as a mflfpciaiL and dobtil<T in alrhemy. His 
nnme appvor^ n* that of the * Merry Devil,' 
(h« I'hiff charuclcr in the play of the ' Mti-ry 
Devil of E(lmonton,'«nw Btiribulitd loyhake- 
n>aanu In thn prolof^ut! lo tlie play it i»pfi> 
Cluned that the ' merry devil,* Pctvr FaWU, 
wa« ' a rvnuwnpd Mcbolar,' and it ia added — 

If aar hi.19 maku iloubt of Hach a name, 
In Ki'lntDni.M) yot tnah unto this day, 
Ftseil in the «nll i>f tlmt old auciunt cliurch, 
Hh uuDumcul Ti>t>:aiooth \o bp aeon. 

Th(-rt' 18 DO pnvis*' cvidvnct) iilrtainablft an li> 
the e jisi^nci' of siirh a mt^Tnonal, Imi it ?«!mn 
undoubted that Fiilwl) hud an hietarical «x- 
i»lcncv. Wm-vrr in hi* ' Fiiiii'mll Mimumi'tili' ' 
(16'il)i<ayR under' t'dniundl^n:' 'Htirelielb 
interred under a H^tnelie tomb without in- 
Mription the body of PvtJT FalK-ll (a* the re- 
jiorL goes), upon n'bomtliiH fnble was fathered, 
that be hv bia wittic dovicra bcf^iilcd the 
dcvill; ixOikc hi was some iiiK«niou8 con- 
ceited ifentlemsn, who did use aome alifibtif^ 
tricks ^r hia uwn disporte. He lived and diud 
in tbw raijrni.^ of ili-tiry VH, Mtilh llii* l)tioke 
of hr.i nn^rrj' pmnks.' Norden, in hUanroutit 
of Edmonton, sayo : 'TlHTe is ■ fable of oni^ 
Pct*r Fftb<^II. tli*it Ilea in ibis rburrb, who is 
said to have begiiiltxl the devill by pobnie 
for money, hut the dcvill i« doc^-it it*clf.' 
Thi; plav of thi) 'Mi-rrv Ui'vil" w-enl ibrouuh 
tivo I'diiioHs, dat*d 1606, 1«17, lOJU, 11131, 
uud IWt't. It vrUH L-nlcrod on iht: i:>tatiuiujri>' 
Kepsters y^'lVt. Hi(l7, Itwn Jonwm nolict-s 
itc popularity in his nm1n^« lo ■ Tbu Devil in 
an A]tii'(nctiBl in lolA). ,K ximilar nifi^n'iiae 
made in the ' Blacke llonk,\'a traci hy Tbomai> 
Middlvtoo, the draraatiat, Usoed ta 1004, 



«liciwitihat lh>' play bnilbet-ti pnxlunMl bofut« 
that dale. Thoma.* Ilrtwer (^/f. IUI'4) [q. r.] 
wa» author of a pamphlet dealintr with the 
ntorv of l''abell and uthnra an Ininlt^l in thu 

flay; ihiB iraM waa entered on thoStalionera' 
(•■Liiftters in IBOS, nllbouj^h nol piiblieh^'d till 
I6;tl. Faller,who make^i tlwi inevirahb-juin 
upon the name, says: 'I shall probably oflt-uit 
the ^rruvity of some to inikrt, and rtrtainly 
curtositv of others tootnit him. Somo mul(4 
him a frvf-r, others a lav ffvutlvmAn, all « 
oonceircil person, who witii hn m'iny di'vieca 
deceived the devil, who by ^lace mav Im> rv 
wati-d, not dL-o-'ivtid by wit.' In llrower'sl 
pamphlet we are told tliat Fat)vil was iif i;ix>d [ 
dei^renl, and that he wax 'a mnu either fori 
hi* (jiflj" cxl'-rnall or iiitt^rnall inferior to few.* 1 
It *]>eaks of bin U-aming, afTnhi lily, mod lib»> 
rality to tha poor and needy. 

[The Marrj- Dorit of EdmoBton (HOB) j 
ltn?«or"» Lifi) ami Ihntb of the Merry IJeril uf 
Ivdwonlon'.lftlll ); Roliinwio'i' Hi«lorrol'Kilmoit-i 
ton. 1819; Fuller's Worlhic*; Wi*vi'r'B Kaaoratll 
MonnmvDtH: Thornlmrr'a Old awl New Lrarintb i 
&r.] J. B-v. 

FABER, ritnnKRIOK WILLIAM. 
D.n, (l>l-l-l>«j:{), Hunerior of the London 
Oratory, the wvenihcnlldof Thomiw Hcnrj 
FiiUrr, bv Keity, daughter of Thouiait AlkiO' 
son of Ilmdford, Yorkshiry. wafl bom o 
;?8 June 11^14 at llw vicnniat* of Calvi3rl>;j _ 
in tlie West Riding of VorStshiiv, of wbielij 

Piriah his f^nd father, the lie v. Tlinmaa 
nbcr, wa* tbn incumbent. In tbii IW 
ber after hia birth bia father, on being 
pointed secretary to Dr Bin-Inin.i-, 
of Ihirhan, removed vii I 
Auckland. Be was at i „ 
of Rinhop Auckland and »lt«-rward« undr^ 
tbo ICev. John Qibaoa %t Kirkby i>t«ybeD 



^ 

w 



WesimorGlAiKL tn 1>t2.'> lit* pusiK^l a. cbort 
tiinc hi Sbrfwiibiinr' f^hixil, and in 1827 he 
BfDCc«decl to Hwrow, tlieo iiadvr Dr. I*ong- 
ler, aftinvftnln urolihishopof C'nnWrbtiry, tn 
ni ' ,LiowIudgc<ideeptiblig»lions, His 

HI :ilHt.".l,andb»lA()i<TiiiI8:{:i. 1Ia 

wiu^ uiu:ii>:ulAl4ril at Ilnlliol CoUt^ge, (XxfoiU, 
Q Julv IHU:^. Slid weut iut'O residi'uco in tho 
Lt-ntUTtn lis33. liiiliefinLyfir of lu« im- 
dvrimdualv lifubecoiniKWed one of hit most 

fr.; ; i if^I pip«i«,'TheCherweIl Wfttcr- 

il; dm I&IO. Towurds tliv ead 

nl i.^.i m AA» 4*!eclMl A ncbolar nf I'luvfr- 
sit; CoUece. lie froquoutly juinud id iIil- 
diactiirainiii' nt th<- I'nioii fk-batirig Socinly, 
anil fniini'4 poiiu> difiiinction aa a spcakor 
evi'U amonj: »-u<^h rivnl* nx liinindpll Pnlnwr, 
Lo«re, Caniwcll, W. (>. Wnnl. and Tfiit. He 
oIm ■■•ok flit active »liare in etiablishini; ihe 
•Oifnrd Inivcn'ily Mft^azmi-.' In li^ he 
eufied oD' tlic Ni-wditfatc price with ku Eng- 
tub poem, 'The Gniffhu of St. John.' Ue 
gradutlcd lt.A. thv miul- y««r, taking a fe- 
eoad olwA in cUMica. At the cloAfi of tba 

Ku* )io aceonpanii-d liis brothur, tho Rev. 
SOCn Atkinwn KnbiT, to Oi>ruiiuiy, and 
■hortlT ttUft tu« return in January 1837 hp 
wm» elected to « fvlluwubip al tJnivi!r»ity 
Collier, He aUo gained ihr? Johnson divi- 
nity icholanbip. «heii tlio loop vacatirjD 
arnvif) bu Uf»t * small ri^ndinfr parly to 
Ajnbh-Hide, wttero be Fonued a lasting fiieud- 
abip witli Wonl>wonh. 

early lifo Kabcr shared tUe CaUintitic 
4in<^ nf bi» family, wbo were of Iluf^it- 
origin : but at UxfortI hu bvcami.' an i-ti- 
tliauai>tic admin^r of the Itev. Jolin Henry 
(DOW Cardinal i Xewman and a waloua pro- 
in<jtt-r 'if ihu muvumont elarU'd io 1833. Hv 
ot^rwl lii» (MTvins* to tht; ooiniiilera of ' The 
Library 'iflbo Fsthera,' and tlo tramilBlifn 
pf 'hf «r-rnn l«»nk»iir St. Optatiin, tin llii- IVi- 
I. : -m, waa aa&igned to luni. This 

tt !.t bim tfaefrimdabiporNeM-iuan, 

bj wtiom hii wft« larptly influencod in aflor 
Vwa. On tt Aug. IS^? ho wba ordained 
^t' ::ip>in Cathedral by his old nin«1<?r. 

1 y. ond at uncv bi'^a to niuiisl the 

cir.-.'iir.nii o( AmblMidi- tn his parocliial 
work. SomL- Iruvlf 1^'biI:li L'.- publii>b(.-d at 
thia pi-riiid ribi-tin>\l nil exlenflivi- circula- 
liim. In IS'iH be rt-wivw] urii'sl'a onlera 
troto Tti"li •■ lii'.tit at Oxfonl, and in th« 
Miui! I iimenr^d M..\. Daring lb/* 

fomni'- Im> paid a nlmrt visit to 

Ih'l^iam and i(«- lUnni;-!! prorinc<«, from 
whii^h bu R-tumM) v. |'V. u Btronjir foeliiis of 
iluliki* lu the V |>rB(-tici'« Irfi bad 

wt'fi>"»H la I [Hiii a tutonbip 

...' (if Mr. Monhew llarHiion at 
, Tbe (jnntiiriMLrt of It^tl btf spent 





in makinz an oxlMiuiivd tour on llie conti- 
nent witn his pupil. He kept & mintiro 
Journal of bis tnivvlf, which fimned the 
UAi.t of a work ontitlMl ' Siehtd and Tboii){htA 
in PoreigD Churchee and Bniong Foreigu 
IVfipliM* (li^-)i dfdt(-at<'d Jo Wnrrlswortli, 
' in adticiionatt! remembrance of much por- 
aonal kiiidiie»s, and many thoiif^htfulconver- 
eations ou tht> rites, prerogatives, and doo 
triuea of the holy church.' I'aber rtmiaiutd 
nt Ambleside dtirinf^ tbe^ f^atcir part of 
l$4i, and in tbu autumn of lliiit y<^'ar be a&- 
t-i-pted the rectory of KIlou, Iiuntiiif;;ilnn« 
fiUirc, n living in thu gift of bis college. Ha 
cnmmnniciiti^ th»u«^wi> tu WonlR worth, who 
replied : ' I do not eay you art> wrong, hut 
Kngland loww a piwl.' AH-t • reading him- 
9Plf in ' «l Klton, on '2 April IW3, he visited 
the continent with the expreaa object of 
examining and tC!*ting lh« pmcticnt results 
' of Catholicism. l>r. (anerwardit Cardinal) 
I Wiaetnan introducod bim to several pminenl 
I ecclv»tB8l iuB iu Kome. .\fter h>« rcliirn tu 
Knjfland in Octolier 1S4.'I he still clung to. 
Anglicanism, but introduced into his pariah' 
full chonil oervii'tr^aiut eiii'.itunwnl aiincular 
ronfesflion and devotions to ihn i^crod Heart. 
X ' Lif» of 3t- Wilfrid,' wliieh h>* iiubli*li'_'d 
in Iftl-l.waB violentlv attacked on the gt'iund 
of its ttoman catholic tendencies. At last, 
on 10 Nov, 1846, he formallv abjiirt-d prct*»- , 
tantism, and was received into lbi> Komail 
church at Nortbamjiton by lti<hop Waroing, 
vicar-aix}3tolicoflhi^i:ui>tem district. Several 
of hia ^ariabionera and friendi, including J. T. 
Kaox, scholar uf Trinity College, Cunbridgt}, 
were received at tlie Ksuie time. Tbe'irlia 
formed into a community at Tlirmincbnin 
under the tillu of llrolbL-ra of the Will of 
nod.llioNgh they were coiumonlv wiUvd WLl- 
fridians. f'aber,whoaa'Brolher%Vilfrid'waa 
conslitiilwl >iu|>eriiir of thi- fralHrnity, went 
to Rome to promote its interoat«, and wu 
most favooTBoly received by Qn^ory XVI. 
In September 1 ftlfi the comtnunity was trans- 
ferred, through the munifiet-nce of (he Karl 
of ShrewshurT,toCotlonIT*Il, thenceforward 
calk-d tit. Wilfrid's, near Chcadic, Sttlfurd- 
sibire. After being onlained priest on li .\pril 
lftl7, Kabcr was eutrunted with the cfaiuige uCj 
thii mimiion of Cotton. 

In February* 1S48 he and h\a comjuaiom 
ioinfd the orat^iry of Rt. Philio Nen, which 
liad jn.1t, tM>en introduced into England, and 
of which Father Newman was the «iiperior. 
This stop, of wiur*e. invulvM the bn-aking 
up of the inatituie founded by Falwr, who 
oul'i Fell, twgnn his no vitiate as an Omtorinn 
at .MRrvvalc, 'jr Old Oscoit. Five months 
later bin nuviliatd was terminated by di«- 
pensation, and ho was appointed maUer of 



novices. In October 1848 tlie cpntmimily. 
QiLtDlwritijr more thnn fnTty memhtTA. wna 
InuoAftmM from ilaryvslo to St. WiU'rid's. 
Faberanil l''fttbi>r IIiitctiLMn MUbliilu><l iu 
April 1849 a bmncli of tbe Onto^ in King 
A\ilU)UD HtrvL-t, Strand, LondiDn. From this 
period until Lis di-stli r aber remaiiii'd at the 
bend wf tlw London (Irator^-, Tbe tomaiu- 
nitT Iran in 1850 iirected latA a suparute and 
indc-potidvut coDSTttgalion, and in IS^ iu 
BM^mbpnt n-njoTcd to more commo)lious pt>?- 
miecs at Brompton. In 1&51 Fnlwr wuui 
abroad 'with Oir inlctitiun of AiKititii; Palrit- 
tine, but liU health broke down at Malln, 
and be was obligKl to return lioiii« throncb 
Itttlv- On 9 July l^W he wiw crwired ]>.». 
bv f opo Piiw IX. lie died at the Oratory, 
lirompton, on '26 Sept. 1863, and wari buriod 
at Si. Mary's, Sydenham. 

Ky Ilia unceaainp labours in connection 
wilfi the London On»l'.>ry, bv hi* |>LTSuaairo 
eloqiu-ncrin tb*^ [mlpit,aftd by bis DDmcroua 
publicaliGn&, Faber reod«red aifrnal eorrico 
to tbe Roman cat bvlic cuiioe in Kngland. }itf 
introdofA'il Ttalian forms of prayer nndpiou.t 
pmclicet>, some of which were at first di*- 
taatefultoEnplisbt'fLtholicdof ibr oldfwhfxil. 
ftnd bo MKUtaiilly inculcated duvotion lo thu 
pope aa an iwit-niial piirt of (hri»tiaii piety- 
Th« light and charming ^l^Ic vi bi» i-piritiial 
trutiMA. which unite myalicaldcvolioD wilh 
|HK)fbnnd tbeolo^col liumiii^, obtained for 
themmw cl fordmaiypopulafitT. ilinlonger 
poeticalwo^poaeaseoDaidcnnU' merit. and 
the use of his beautiful hymna in almost uui- 
vertal in calhol ic chnrcbes wbererer the Hng- 
lisii Inniiuacv is ismiki-n. Stimiiof I beta, as 
* The I'ilpri'm* of t^n^ Night ' anri ' Thfi Land 
beyond Ibii Sea,' are widely cimulat«-d ob 
Btcr^d #0112"' Muiv ari' to be found in pro- 
KuWnt colTcctions. Yhccolleotiou ol ' HTmns 
Ancient and Modern ' containB Beveruf, arid 
iho • HvmniU Noted' twenty-four. Fobor'a 
bioKrap'her obevrvoc that ' words cannot n>- 
prodtic« tiiu grocioua presence, the miioictil 
Toi&e, tbe i-aplivatinfr tmilo,' or eatifcly thow; 
whooe ' banpttwt houra were bleiued bv t.bo 
viBdom.hmiaMHjandloveuf FredericI[*WiI- 
liom Faber.' 

Htfl portrait, engraved by Joseph Brown, 
in prefiiwl 10 his • Life.' 

Ilin principiil work* an: L 'Tlic Kniiilit^ 
ofSt.John'lI^ewdiKal^priwpoemforlWti). 
2. 'Tract* on tbe Church and the Piayer- 
Booli,' 1M9; and Pwica, 18J0. 3. 'the 
Cherwell Wn(«i>«lily and other I'ofm'i.' Lon- 
don. IMO, fivfl. 4- * The Stvrian Lak.-. nnd 
other Poems,' Lnndon. l^JiJ, hvo. '>. ' Higlits 
and Thnni^il.sinFnrt'ijm Churches and amnna 
KoreiffnJ'eCFples; London, IJM^'.Bvo. 0. '.Sir 
Lancelot ; A Legend of the Middle Agc4,' a 



pov<in,Lo(id(,m, 18lt, lW",^vo. 7. Translation | 
of the Acv^m bookfl of St. OpiAtud, bisliop ut 
MilG%'is, on the schism of the Donstift«. Inj 
tlie'Iiihrary of the Fathers." K. Lives otj 
St. Wilfriii, St. Pauiinui, St. Edwin, Sul 
Oswald, and olhera, in the aerie« of Kn^Iislij 
SoiBta ' published by Too vey.I<ondon, 1 f^.'{-4. | 
9. ' ITie Ko«ary and ol her Poem*,' Ijocdon, | 
IMS.Bvo. 10. 'Livesof the Canoniwil Saint* 
and Sen-ants of God,' oditwl hy Faher, and 
coniinuiMlby tbe congrei|;ation of thr> Oratory 
of Si. Philip NHri,42 toU, I^ndon, 1817 o«. 
11. 'An Etuiav on Bcntitication, Cknoni^a- 
tion, and th« rrooe«e«f> of the Confrrogation 
of Riles,' London, 1848, 8vo. 12. • Hymns.' 
London, 1M8, ISmo. Another edition, with 
many additions, i-ntilted ' Jesus and Mary, 
or Catholic Hymns for singing and nMdinr, J 
1849; 3nd edition, I8Q:f. A cmnplate edi-^ 
tion of tbe ' Hymns,' inO in numbn-, ap- 
peared in 1833. 13. * Essay on the Interest 
iindt'ban«-t»;mttrMrtf(hi-l.ivi>«ofth«SaintJt.*; 
U. 'TheSmritandQeniusofSt. Philip Xoii/1 
London, 1H*')0, 8to. 10, 'All for Jeaua: opj 
tho Fa!»y SVarfi of l>i¥inf Lotb,* London,! 
18M, !iTo; 5tfi edition. 18&Q. It luu been 
tranclated into French. Cierman, Polish, I 
Italian, and Flemish. 16. ' Growth in Hali- 1 
new; or tbe Progress of lb« H[>intna1 Life,* 
Lijndon, 18.M,8vo, 17. 'The Bleas.^ .Sacni> 
iiiniit; or tbi* Works and Wars of Liod,' 
London, IJ^, &V0. 18. 'The Cn-ator and 
tbe tVaturr.' ; or the Wonders of Uivinv 
Trfive,' Ijondon, ISJWt, 8to. 19. 'The Foot] 
of the Cross ; or the Sorrows of Mary,' Lon-1 
don. 1858, 8to. 20. ' Spiritual Confer* nc»»»,*] 
J,,ondon, 1^59, 8vt>. 21. ' Leciuros on tWJ 
Old Teatamunt History,' jireadicd in ISartj 
and publijih«!d aftt'r lii« death. 33. ' DrTrvj 
lion to the P.;.pc,' I^ndvm, IWJO, IJno. : 
'2H. ' The Precious Ti\octA ; ot the Price ofj 
ourSuIvttiiuu,'Loiidoti,13U0,t!(vD. 24. 'Betl 
lehem,' IfOndoii, 1800, 8 vo. 3ft, ' Xwtea on I 
l>uctrinal and Spirituul Subj«cta. KditndJ 
by the ttfv. .luhn Edward Bowdeo,' 3 vobLnJ 
T.ondon, l&fl'i. 

He a!<jo traTtnlnted 'The School of St.| 
Philip NVri ' (]i^.'>rt"i. from tbeltnliau of l>ij 
pino; 'TheSpiriiunll'octrineof r«tberLoui«j 
t^llcmant' (IHo.jI, from the Frr^ncb: 'Th" 
Octave of T'^rpus Chrisii,' from the Frvncli 
of Xouet ; and ' A Troatiwi on rlw Trm- I><" 
volion to tho ItliBwd Virpn' (ISBj, from 
till- French of tiMi Van. C M. Orignon de 
Montfort. 

[Lifonnd Lrtwrs. wlited by Fiith>TJ.E. ftjw-j 
den, Londiiit. 18SD, Brn, nnw f]'' . ISf^h : Uri^f^ 
Skotoliof Iii» l-Inrly Lift-, by liis 1 ; Ik*v.| 

Vr.ixKi' Atkinwo F4l>a', rwlor ■ i now, 

London. 1B09, 8ro; 8atar(liiv Ruviru-, iU On. 
16il3i Arbrii>aiD,30ct.]8«3'.pL4:iil; S.itoamlj 



Qu< r.t.MA; yufller** Alumni OiOD, 

il. • ■ ■« • Bibl. Diirl. ; i>ullm K«ii«w, 

aiptiiuUf IM9. p. 1&3. Much lS.'i4. p. I9t. 
Sniteinbrr l$&7. p. !:3&. Jknoftry IS64. p. 169. 
iDljt IM!). |>. too, Juiuarr isfo, p. 95, ilIh> 
tww wr. uii 104. xiv. VA.xviii. 320; SiKUuiti^*)' 
MlMcllaiii'^. 1AT7. i- 111; Blorkw.xMt'o Mag. 
en. 813; Moncti. xl IS* ; Calliolic WorM. So- 
tvbW IRAO. p, 154 : Tviujile Bur, xivii. ISI ; 
Korth Briliuli Jtftview, i. 1*6; itiforttialknt from 
EcKiDakl S. F»l«r. wq.. it.A.l T. C. 

FABER, GEORGE STANLEY (1775- 
18M).eoi)truver¥ialut,i<liie*l 9011 of tliu Hcv. 
Tbmou Fabcr.Ticiir of I'slvctkv, Yorkshire, 
by Aunt'. duuicbtLT'jf lli<.' Her. David TrnviM^, 
was hnrn at Calv.^rliry Mrminap- i>n tl'i IW. 
1773, and wlucnteJ at itippf rlinlme prainmnr 
•cImoI, tiCJtr llnlifAi:, whiTi'lit- rt'maini^ rnitil 
h« went ta Oxford. I)n 10 Jiin» 1789 lie 
autririilnt*^ from L'nivernity ("'■ille^, beiti^ 
thm onlr in hU E>iiUvrnth y'mr ; h*' wm HcctM 
■ kIioIat on 25 March foUowiii^, uiid took 
KLi Tl.A. d<-ette- wliDD in )us twcutictb 7(^ar. 
(.hi 3 July 1703 he was elwtvd ii fi-lluw and 
tiiUirof llincoInOoUe^. lU proteedrd M.A. 
1786 and B.l*. 1803. wired lh« oflico of proc- 
tor in 1801, and in ibi* Hiunn ycnr a* Itnttipto:) 
lerturtT prracLrd « discoursi, whirh he piih- 
liKhnl iMxh-r ihv titli' of ' IIoriB Mosaicw." 
By hi* marriafre, 31 May ISO;*, with Elita 
Sophia, yoiinm-r daiiK^bti^r of 3Iujor John 
Scrtjt-Warinfiof Incr, Choihiiv. hr; Tiuiitt-d 
his &llow«liip, and tor tho next Iwn yt^ars 
mctad M liik lather'* ciiTOlc at Calvrrlev. In 
ltK)5 bf wa9 c^Uiited by ItiHliop Karniifiinii 
I of Stockton- ujJou-'iVe-i, which 
\van aftprwiirdu for tbo 

almlJ.al'Xt ill |turhnni,aiid 
in IRillicWaspresentrd hythe same prelnto 
to tho rv!t'n-y of hoim Xi'wton, In tho same 
county, whtrc he rvtiuiitifd twrjity-onoyi-*r«. 
Binliop Bunrefis rnllatt^ him to a prebendal 
Mall in Sultxhiiry CAUii><lnl in 1K3], and 
Bitihnp van 3IilrI)>rt gavt* him the inaHtiTship 
ol Slw^rhum ll"?ipi'rtl m li^'J, when h* re- 
aigont tbf iwrory i>f Lmi;; Newton. At Shcr- 
hnm brilfviil«d a very rniitiid«.-rabti~- part of 
lii* jnconj!- lo Uk" pcminiirnt imiirorcntcnt of 

-, and at hif Jvuth l^.■^ Ibc 

fannsin iH-rfiwI conditioM. 

IT ' Tfrnuousiy advu- 

OVMtgT'li ! F* (if ihi? ni<v^ 

.■Til by fail.h,and 

Lh/' ■oli i.t a« I hi- rule of 

II ■■• by ht!>nb1'> 

I of Uisliop 

' . Iii<.!i0ij Jlar- 

iiui of itatb, Lord iK-xtuy, 

•f I^^rH^ I'!"la- 
iri ill characltT. 



llv considers that oU the pagan nations wai^ 
shippi-d tlM« »amr' god«, who wcro only dt-itl>^l 
men. Thia begun at tb« Tower of B«tbi:l, and 
ibotriadsofsupTvmugodsainoiigibKbi^lhnna 
repreerat the Ihrov isuas of Noab. JJft also 
wrote oa the ' Arkit^ l''fnr<' ""*) wine of his 
I'iuwa on this enMoct may likewise be found 
in biK * lliimptoii r.<i(cl nnra.' llis treatises On 
the lierdationA nod on thp Stixi^a ViuU be- 
loiig to the older school of prophetic intcr- 
pnlntion.and th.- n.«tnnition otNapoh^oaiu 
iSlSwaabmitsbtinro bisech«inc. His books 
on the primitive doctrine* of election tuidjuft- 
liftr-Rti.m retain wm.> importance. He Inid 
alreafl on the ev&iig^lica! view of theeu doc- 
tiince in oppMiHoo to the rminion of cnn- 
lemporarr ■writer* of vory diflerpnt schoolt*, 
Auch *9 Vicesimufl Knox and .lowph Miln«T. 
Ub n'Orks ehow some researcli and cAroful 
writing, but arn not "f much permanent 
value. He died at Sherbum Hospital . ncwr 
niirhnm, '27 Jan. 1854, and vraa buried iu 
the chnpel of tli« ho^ital on 1 Feb. Ilia 
wife died ut Sherbum Iloiue it* Noy. 1851, 
agH 7 a. 

Of Faber's voluminotu work* llii.' follow- 
injf are of the most importance: 1. 'Two 
Si-mious Iwftire thw Uriiviirxity of Oxford, an 
attempt to explain by Kii^nt cvntp five of 
tilt' .*N!Vi'n Vials ment ioned In the Rove lal ion*,' 
171(1*. '2. ' IIiiT.'p Mii'tfticcp, oru Viuw of tha 
Mosaical l^erords with nispM'T to their coin- 
I'idrni.-" with Pnifano ^Vntiniiily and thdir 
rvinniitirtnvritli Chrisiianity, 'Bainplon l^ec- 
tures,' I:*U1. 3. ' A l>iast.'rtaiion on tlic Mys- 
tcrii!-* of thi- Cftbiri, or Iho Great Gods wf 
l*ba>uicla.i>aiiiot brace, Kirvpt,Troa». Greece, 
Italy, and Creif,' L' vob. 1803. 4. ' TliouBhl* 
ontlicCalviniflticand ArmininnContrDVi-niy,' 
IfKKI. 't. ' A HiiiMTtation on iLl- PropheCK'S 
relalivc to the Great Period of I31O Veiir*, 
tbo Papal uiid Mahum«dati AtiocitiiAief, tho 
Kei^ of Anlinbriiit, and tli>< Iu<»torntion of 
tbt' Jaws," a vols. 1807; Tub ed.. 3 vols. 
1 ftl *-l 8. fl. ' .\ Cionnml and Connected Vtcw 
of the IVopheffiftfl relnlin> to lh« Conversion 
of Judab and larnel, the Dverlbrow of thft 
Conft-deriicy in PoIoMinf, and the DifTnaioQ 
of ObriBliauity." L> vol*. 1808. 7. * A IVnc- 
tical Trctt'iB*-* on thf Ordinarv Operations of 
llic Holy Spirit,' 1^13; 3rd«J. lfl'.1. 6. 'lio- 
markfl on the Fifth Apocalyptic Vial amtlbn 
Iteslorattun of \\tc Inijwrial Government of 
FniHce.'ISirt. fl. 'Th<- th-ijnnof l''4t»n Idij- 
latr>- asrertninwl from Iliatorical Te«imony 
and Circnm^lnntial Kvidence,'3 vols. I81(>. 
10. ' A Tri-atiitj' on ibo Geniua and Objwrt of 
the Patriarchal, the I^vitical, uad the Clirift* 
tinn DitiM>nBationj>.' *i vols. I&>3. II. 'Tliti 
IVifficuItu-x of lnfid.dily,' 1824. U'. *T1ib 
Uifficulliea of Itomaauuu,' 11^:20; :inlMl. \fi!>3. 



Faber 



ii« 



Faber 



13. ' A Truftttiw nn ^h« OHgiti of Expinttiry 

Sacrificp,' 1*27. 11. * The 'IflstiinonT of An- 
tiquity a^in»l tht< t'cculinriti'ti of tnv Ijitin 
Church/ lH:i(*. lf>. ' Tha Sacwd Onl^-ndar nf 
Prophecy, or u DiuerUt lou on lJi» ProplM^ciw 
of llic Oranil Period of fi*vpn Tim<*s, iinil af 
its Sccnod Moiotv, or the latter lUn^ times 
»nd a half; a vols. |fS2.-*; ^nd wl, 1H44. 
Ifl. 'Lcti»T)ion<,'otholii*Kmamriiiali<ni,'l>*L'y. 
17. 'Tilt! i'ruitftof liifidelitvt'ontriiftK'd with 
the Fruits of ChrislinnitT,'"l8;(l. I«. ' Tho 
AiKHi lot icily of 'rriuitariuuij<iu, thoTiftliu'.'iiy 
of lli&tory to the Anliiiiiity and to lb«- Apo- 
stolical Inculcutiou of the Ducirinu of the 
IIolyTrinity,'yrol(i.l833. 10. 'Thf^Primi- 
tiro Doctrine of Election, or ui Eanuirv into 
ScripturTLl Khiclioii iw rijcpived in thpt^riini- 
tire amrch of Chmt,' 1880; L'nd wl. 1812. 
£0. 'The Primitive Doctrint* of JtifitiGcation 
in%-t«ttgatMl, relslivvly to th« Dcfinitionn of 
ttu> Church of lioiue and the Church of Eng- 
land,' IftS". 21. 'An Knquin- into thpllifl- 
tory uud Thvolofi^y of tho VBllun«v« and AU 
bigvnseft, na exhibiting the I'^rpi-tuitT of the 
SinoereCliurfhofChnst/lHaS. 22. 'ChrUfa 
Discounts Hi {.'siK-rnniim fiitnl to t hi> Doctrine 
ofTniiBiibstanLiaiion on thn very Prinr'iplfi 
of Exposition adoijtijd by tht' Divme* of tlie 
nomnn (linw-h/ IKJO. 'i^, 'Kig^lit l)iA«rt«- 
tioR^ oil I'ropheticftl Pa«s«ges of Holy Scrip- 
tuiv- bL'orinjr upon lln' promipw of « Mighty 
Deliver»^r,'2vo!s. 18J5. I'l. ' Leii«T%oiiTnw- 
tu-iut SeKvssionstoPopory,' 1840. L'.j. 'Pap«l 
Iiifullibilily, a I^Titu- to a Diimilarv uf ihu 
ChuK:horitome,'lH61. 26. 'The PWdictwi 
Downfall of tho Turkish Power, th« Prepa- 
ration for the Itetuni of the Ten TriliM,' 1^3. 
27. ' The Reriral of the French Ktiraerorship, 
ani iciputed from tho NwMswilv of ProphecT/ 
18.Vi; 6t)i ed. IdiJUt. Many of th.-jii; vocto 
wer<> answered in print, and among thone who 
wrt'te BAsinM Faber's viows vnrv Tliomas 
Aniftld,^hute Barring onfl>i»hopofl>urh«m), 
i.Thriiitoiiln'r Ilethi'll (bishop of Glonccster), 
Gconru Corli*e, Jnmcs HatlcT Frtrc. Itichnrd 
IJnmiii^ Uravf^, Thuma-t irurdinif (vicar of 
Besley),FrMloricChorle» II us^nbt'iL. Samuel 
Lw. d:L>.. SnuiuW KolR'y MuiiluiK!. I».D., 
N. Niabiftl^ Thomas Pinder Pautiii, I^- Vamui 
tie Trtrern, and Kdword William Whituker. 
[The Uaay UansioBs in tbo Uauae of the 
Father, hy Q. S. Falicr. wit^ a Homoir of [he 
Author hy F. A. FnUr. 1864 ; (••nt. Mng. Hoy 
I8A4. pp. 537-9. and JuDK, [>. 601 ; IlMnHdoi 
Auixl* of Rt.ii'kion.<)icTi-»». 1885, pp. 101-4; 
Chrimiii " -inrnr, April 185.V pp. 110- 

331: -') ^iflith Lit«rntBn). i. A73— I; 

G.V.Cc. ^. .:.'.>..-. in>n«erOsfonI,]87fl. p. 203.] 

0. C. B. 

PABER, Jnir«r,ihocWOT(lfl60?-IT2n, 
«]raugbl«maa and mcxiotiiiteugraTcr, a native 



nf the Hague, Wm iiliout lil60, is uifuall] 
BtAtAdtobarefK'Ct1f>d in Eni^Lind ahnut I387J 
brinf^OK with him hts son, Jolin Fatier [q. v.] 
tli^n about thm> year* of afn. It M*t 
however, more probable that he did au( 
comv until about 16(W, for Vcrruci uoint 

f'>rtmil by him exccoted nt the llsuu^ it 
&)'J, and in the print room at the Ithttnt 
MiiMitm tliont ia a nmiill portrait of tli< 
younger Fabar, a* a child of under t«u , 
of apfe, exM^utwt by his father tn Bec*inh*r ' 
1704. Fabt-'T wiut Lvpuctally noted fur the 
!>iuall imrlruit.'* whii;ti lie dn>W from the Ufo 
on vellum with u ptm: there an> other ai- 
«niple9< in the print ntoro, inciudiog ona of 
Simon Kpi.wopiUfl. In 1707 Faber waa sctttled 
in the Strand, near the Savny, where h» kwpt 
a print-rthop, and ptnclised as a ro-'^otint 
euBjaver, in which art htt vpiined some pro- 
ficioiury. He engnrod maar portraits from 
thu LiK-, amour thorn boiug those of lti»hop 
AtterbuiT, Jcain Caapar, Count Itolhmer, 
Uifihop llutifth, Dr. Sachi-vvrvll, and utbprr, 
lwwi<l»i niimerou.t portraila of dissentins 
rlerj^. In 1712 he was cmployi'dat Oxfom 
to enjfniTe a f*.^ of tbv poriraita of thv foni 
derc of thfl oollt^-a ; this was followed by i 
jiimilar set of portraits atCamhridgm.maliinj 
forty-five in all. To his viftit t<i Oifnrd wer 
due the engraved portrait«of danrnel Butler,! 
Charlea I, GaoSrey Cbaueer, Duns Sootna, 
John Heridius, Ben Jonfion,sud others. Uu 
alHo engraved varioui^ sots of portTAitn. such 
as ' 1 2 Anci>>nt Philosopht-rV after KiilivAft, 
'Thn Four Imliwn Kings' (1710). and ' Th» 
21 lirformers.' He died At Briaiol in May 
1721. His eOKTavingd, thnudh rattier stillljri 
exccnte<},nre much prized, hut his fame was'l 
OVCTBhadowed hy that of his sou, 

[R«d;tTAve* Dii*t. of Artitt«; J. ChahMMr 
Smith's British Mopwtinto p.rtfaita; Do«ld'« 
manuscript History of Kn^lish KnRnrers; Wol- 
pole'i AnsalotM ^ l*aintuig, ed. Dailanay am^ 
Wornun.] L C 

FAfiER, .KIKN, the )rounp>r (160B?- 
17r>fl), devoted bimsulf enliruly lo m>'ZxoliQt 
enpravir^, which hf h-uriil fnim his fathi: 
and attaitn-di^at e.trellenue in thai art,}ii 
ducing a v.ist number of works. Hi- r«iidr 
wth ti« father up to tho time of the Utte 
■le^lth, aud during this period always cigi 
his enpTavings John FaWr, junior. He wi 
for tfomu limt;a.4ludent in \ audtirbank'a i 
dtunv in St. Martin's Lano. Among hi^carlj 
■worlts wem jKirlniit^ of (liArle* 1 (17171 
Cliarlw Xn of Jiw.-den (17I8"|, Sir Gcorgi 
Ilvng O'lf*). Kuxlact- Budguli (1720). nod 
otWro. A portruil of ThoroaH, duheiif Xew" 
caittle, an early work, bears in a M^cond maU 
of the plat« tho addtvss of John Smith [q^. v.] 



ibe ulliCT gnjit ax|M>tii^l uF Lb« nrt of intuEiith 
Um «iKniiritif: at this iwriwl. It ih poauble 
thkt Fuoi^ luaj hnw luiui worki^l untW him. 
TiJ F»l>t^ po'iifirity rtw^.i thp prPAcrTalion of 
tlie Bcbool of |>unTsiture whicii v-aji in voc'utj 
be t wg m iTir (i»y* of Sir Omlfny Knrrilrr 
( wbnsQ Khool aad Uyle are presorved in 
Smillt'* fngnvins») un<l thiMC of Iteynolda 
iJutuibopjutfli. AuoDg bi« Tiumerau^ 
iU. moTv lliaii four liundreil of wliieli 
,,r,-,. r?,v.vrT •.uui. may b(>c«p<?oiaIlT noted 
tb* .ill uf Jlis* Jblu (."ulliwr, 

Mill r Couplft (fivini a pictui^ 

by KruOlcr il Wiaii«gr.l: also tbcpurtniiieof 
i-luuli« II in hi« roltivt of »ta.tc (iificr 1-^ly), 
Una Lias LavoIs (after Titian), rarTE»B(after 
KadW). and thu nx ald^-rnum knnwn lu 
' Bf>n&'a Cluh' (aftt>r Hu(t«on), He ]>ubliitbml 
»otuc»rt(i(>fi9afir-.tV)imK,aiutinslbebv«t known 
being 'Tbe BvautiM of Hampton Court,' 
•Tbe Five rbilo«opb«rs of l^neUind,' 'The 
Kings and QuK-ns of En)(l&nd/ and 'The 
Mf-mberfofilioK.il-CuiClub.' Tliis club [for 
whicb s<w ('at, CuRIsioritEK] al one tioio 
)wld tin mivliiL^ inFounlainCuiirt, Sln.nd, 
IB whii-li KuWrolMJ TtviiUxl; tbiH way liavu 
Ird to Ilia bf?in(f t-n^aged by Tonaon to en- 

tfTB*-- ■' 'i-^ of portraiUi puintod by Sir 

Gtw r, Fatwrwas enffiHjr«'d on rhc 

, .. -ja) 1731 to ir*>, and in iho 
yfnr tlicy won publistied by him fiiid 
__ ifljoinllv; lbeplate8subieijueotlyp«8$ed 
itAtbe hanoiiof tliL< IVjyddts, and vrereoold 
the Ooyd^li inU in IBI^^. Uuriag tlio 
lacier pari of bin itfe FaU-r re&ided at the 
OuJden Ilcod in Jiloouislxiry 8auarc, whijrc 
iit^ Aied of tlu- gout on 2 May l7<>(>. From 
tbr inBCTi[iti<iQ on a nuaonJc purtrait of 
Frrdvrick, prince* of Waltw, il appears that 
n'a)B<r Wu k rni^-muum hiiuwelt. tin did 
iiige (o porlmicun!, 
• i! uthcr ■•ii]>jin:^, 
MM- ir.ii.st;ii: .Mimiir'(aitrtr\Vycli). 
'(ftft*'r\ jindTfkt.'SilvatorSlimdi' 
Brownt I, an^ varioii* domcatic »ah- 
'* ofti^r I'bdi]) MpR^i^r. His en^rraviii^t^ 
•Iroily progTVM and impmrt^niont 
It Iiiii cartwr. According t« WbJ> 
widow, of vrlmm there ■<> an cn- 
|[iai^a( by FabiT front a portmil. hy llud- 
•na, miiarTi<'d a lawyor nf tin; nomu of 

( II.. I ...,.,'. t.;:'r ../.v..,.i. fi,™i rSaiifh'a 

inaMTipt 

' . An«alott« 

aC l^Uituii;. vi. I WlTvvnr iiml Wwraun : roonv- 

^npLneu* in Andndon^L'ollMUnM Bio^phiea 

'prut riMtn, Uritub Muaetun).^ 1>. C. 




FABRICnrSi 
i.nn,jl. 1 429.] 
Wu iriii. 




[3«« CaKP EXTEft, AXKZ- 



FABYAN, ROBERT (d. I&I3), rhroni- 
chr, cmmn of a rwwotubk' family in K-'Uex. 
\Vn f^lhrr from fiiM will that Ids father's 
cu>m« wad John, and his mothpr'a Ajfiiiss. tt 
wiiiild lu.-i.-iM tlint hi- foU'jwed his lath«r as a 
rhithior in l^indnn, whc-T« he became a mem* 
ber of ih« Drapers' Company and aldonnivu 
of the w«r<i of Fnrriniftlfjii Without, In 
M»3hebeU ihButliciofBhmff.and in UOG 
was one of a rominitl«<e appointed to lay 
bffor>.- Henry VII tbo frricnuicca of (he Ijon- 
don uivrchants a« to the tolls iupo«ed on 
th<!ir expoit« to FUndera (RTltBB, Fadrra, 
xii. 048, 65i). In H98 be was on«of iJiose 
apjNiinttrd to hold Ni^wgale and Lod^tu 
o^ainettheCoraiahrebeUwbonrerpencampcd 
at Rlncklu-fltli, and soon ai^vr wa^ one of tbe 
comraiHsionem to oaoeai the fifi/>onTh granted 
by psrliainent Cw war agaiuKt Swtland. In 
\T:^Z he n>«im«d liis offieu of alderman on 
the ground that he waa not rich enough lo 
didcLarj^ the duties of the mayoralty. This, 
however, would *:'>*m to be a invo^un; of ax- 
twMne precaution, as his will (Ki.tt6, Intro* 
ditclion, p. iii) Hh'>\VK tlint bi> woft n man of 
coiisiderabl«wtulih. Thia wraith, liuwavvr, 
woe inherited front his wife Elitah<!t}i, daud^- 
tHr nnd heiress of John I'ake, u [jondon 
clothier, whom ho married probably in I Ifyi, 
ii« n, d-?od of that dat« nppointA trustees of 
Jiibn I'iiIco'b lands for itio joint, bom-fit of 
Fabyau and his wife. Thi) lands, which wt-ru 
of conaidnrabic «xtcnt, lay in tbe puriiib of 
TUeydon Gamon in Ewe^ and on tnt^m waa 
a ma nOT^ouM called Halatwlya, of whicli no 
inci-a an.' now left (^Bnt. Miii^. Additional 
(.'barter, ^89S5, prinlud in Jtufurii-ni Ari-tMc, 
vol. iii.) Stow {JSmvei/ fif lMttdon,ei. 1720, 
bk. ii. 140) utentiuns hut L-pituph iu tlio chtireh 
of Kt. 3licha*d, ('ondiill, and miyt that ha 
diud in IJill. The epitaph baa now dinan- 
pMrwl, hiit.Ral«Mv*'h:ii h»!died on 28 Fen, 
kl2. Hiiiwinwa^dat.NlllJiil7liill, and 
waa proved 12 July lol.'t, ho that we may 
OHAtimc Bob-a dnt<- to be iiccumto, and that 
he died on 2y Feh. 1.113 (N.S.( Hi« will ia 
an cxcfillvnt OTompta of wilb of the |M-riod, 
and i;^ full of minute iustruciiune ub(.)Ut hia 
finii^ral and his • moneih'a niinde,' «a wf 11 aa 
ihediflribtitionof bisproptrrty. of which tbe 
divil olinve ror<!rr<-d to given ft minnle ih«crip- 
tion. From it we luamthat be left a widow. 
fuuraona.and twodau{;htere,whii wnr^mnrvi- 
vonof a lar^rfamilr, oahfl orders t ha figures 
of ten sons and six daughters to be set upon 
bia tomb. 

Fabyan was tbe first of the citiica diro- 
nie-ltra of I^ondon who concelTed tb« design 
of lixpuntUng bit diary into a gcoonl biilory. 
flia work won called by himwlf ''Yhia Ooo> 
oordancs of IIuioTics,' and, beginning with 

1 



Fabyan 



"4 



Faccio 



Hiu uTiTal of Brutiu, g»r» « g«nNra! fturr^y 
of th« kffivin of KajrUnd, tad in later times 
of FrwiCR hW. Tiio flrst «tz books RR bripf, 
anA Tv^ch to the Norman Conqueit ; llie 
sereotb book cxttmds from the NormaaCon- 
quiMl to his nwn daj. Fkbyan wu veil 
ac({uaiiit«d witbLatui and Kn!Rcli,aad shows 
a larffO knovrled^ i>f pn-viau-t wxil^rs, but 
hi« M>]«ei i* to lionnoniM their mccounu, 
aiii] lu (to doing b» ihovn no critical sof^a- 
cilT. Hfi has not mao^ merits as a writer, 
auu ia udIv vuluablv as an autlioritT as hu 
readier bis own tioiu. Fmin tliu accrxaion 
of Bichard I bis bo<})i awumfls Uw form 
of a Iiondan clironicl«, and tbe jvara are 
dividul bv the names of tlw mayon and 
sheriffs. \iv has an ere for cit^ paf^Mntrr, 
and givm details of many public foerJTiti«a. 
OecasioBaUjr hi> breaks into vi-rse, bwinning 
bis books with {km^du in honour of the Vir- 
gin; but h«ius«rte a complaint ofEdwardll, 
which is in tho style made familiar by the 
'Uirrour of Magistrat«a.' Fabyan's vena 
i# i-vi^n nidcr than his proM. As an hi»> 
toriral authorily his boou is only valuable 
for a fvw details about the affiuia of London, 
ai bo ahawfl little aanae of the general bcAr* 
inff of erents. 

Fabyan's work was first printed by Pynson 
in 1510 with the title ' Tho Nvw Chionioles 
of England and France,' and Uiis lint edition 
is very ran. Bnlo says time lhL> book was 
burnt by order nf Cardinal WoWr bocauM 
it reflected upon the wealth of the clergy. 
Than) ts notlnng in its contmiU to boar out 
this aaaertion )M<yond iia reconl of the I^lard 
petition of U 10*. The first edition ends with 
the bstth> of B'isworth. The second edition, 
pnWitiliwi by Rastwll, IBSS, pontains a con- 
tinuation reiichinglothe death of lleniy VII, 
Trhich sootns from internal cvidonro to 
bo Pabyui's work, but pmbobly was held 
back at first as dealing with evouLs which 
were too rooenU The third edition, pub- 
. lished by ltf*vnc<s in IMS, was vxpiirfratpil 
and amandeJ to Auit the ideas of the re- 
formers. The fourth wlitioii. publi»hrd by 
KingBtOD in 1M9, has a farthi^r r»ntiiiu»- 
tjonlry another hand reaching to the noces- 
■on of EltMtboth, in some eoiHos rendiing 
as far a* 8 Jan. lIV>8-4 and in others to 
8 May. The modem edition is that of Ellis, 
1811. 

[Dalft'ii Snmmarium Bcriptorum (1569 »!.), 
p. BI3; Piu, RelatkMiw Hi«torico> (1919 «).), 
p. eoO; Tanoer'ii BiUiotheca Britannico-HiW- 
iii«(]74S ed.),r>. 372. Ellis ia ht« Iiilm<lQetioR 
to lii« vdilion or tha Olironiclp prinls Fnbynn'* 
will, which, with tbsdeedia tlioHivtoriosl Reriow, 
Tol. iii., sUna as our chief knowledge of bis t>er- 
sonal lite) SL C, 



FACKHO, NlfXtl-AS O'hH-irr.ai. 
Daillier, machi^maliciaD and fannlio, •^^-conl 
son of Jean SaptiMe Faccio. by hit wi( 
Catherine Bssband or Ftarhaiid, was imin ul 
Basle, 10 Feb. 1004. His aiioeslori had K-a 
Italy for SwitZ4>rlnn<l, on account of tlieir 
religion, at the beginning of the Koformatioe 
His father, a man of considerable pro{)ertj 
had faonght about IdTOthe manor of Duillit 
in Vaud. Faccio was destiubd at flnl fo 
the church, and, after a good classicul i min- 
ing at bono and at Gunora, (>tudipd philo- 
sophy, matheiaatif^ and B.<4ln>iioiny. He. 
then beffan to etudv Hebrew and attvn^ 
divinity lectuivs at Oonttva, of which he 
enrolIM a citizen in 167^, but hii< motbor^ 
wishing him to take service si. some p^>tt^aW^ 
lant court in Germany, liowae, heMv^,* lef 
wholly to himself,* and gare up all tnought 
of the ministry. Before ho was eighteen bs 
wrote to Di.>mmic C'astini suggeattng a ninrl 
method of determioing the miq's ili*tanc*' 
tnm the earth, and an cxplanaci'^n of ib»' 
form ofSatiinix ring. I^niwurngi;^ liy Ci^s- I 
fijni'.i rf-ply, ho went to Paris in the ^'rins 
ot'ItiSL'.and wa»kindlvreceiTetl(^-, ' '■" 
viii. 9ri>. [n 1683 Oifl-'ini pave 
of the Eodiacal light. Faccio foU..<~v.> 
obsenalioDS. repeated them at Oeo'-'va it 
l)jdl. and gave in 16^ new and im[KiniiDl 
developments of this theory (('iroCKi m L*4 
^MietUM da la Il4pubUquf dt* Lfttrr*, Man*h1 

1685, pp. yflO-T). They were published in 
bis * Lettre i\ 111 Caaini . . . touchant una 
Itimtire extraordinairv tiui jiaroit dan- tvcie 
depnis (]Uelque.i ann^ea, l2mo, Amsterdam 

1686. Faccio also inv«nl«il «o:ii>* usefof 
nuichines. Kc studind the dilatation and 
oontmrtion of the pupit of tlie eye, and d 
scribed the fibres of tne anterior iiTua an 
the choroid in a letter to Mariotle dated 
13 April 1081. Heinlroducedimprovementa 
in lelMcope glasses ; showed how to TAke ai~ 
vantagu of a ship's motion ( imiugh the wat 
to grind cAra, tosaw, to raise indon, and t 
hoist rigging ; contrived a ship'* obMrvatocy 
was the iim ti> diMxtver the art of piercin 
niViM Co receive the pivots of thi' balaiu-' 
wheel of watehes: and meMurwl thAhi-ightu. 
the mountains siiTTounttingOeaeva, planning-, 
but nover completing, a map of tlw lake. 

Faccio returned toOencvivinOctobtrrlftSS.' 
I>uring the follovrinn yenr ho h<'ciii!i^ hi'- 
<[uaintod with one Kcnil, a Pi- ' 
count.who, having olTeiided in turn 
of Savoy and th« BLingofFm::! I 

in the liniL4e of Fftccio s matern " ■ - ■ " 
in AJsBce, and eventually al I 
confided to Faccio a plan for 
Prince of Orange at .Scbewimi;, :i: 
duced ft letter from Louvols oflering tlisj 





Un(*s |«jdoit,apnroTinpnf the plan, and en- 
rioma an order lor mon^)-. Pncciorev^dcd 
tfa* plot to 1»i« frifnil fiilhr-rl Itnmet, u-tiotn 
be aooconptBwd to llollimi] in Ki^ iu order 
lain it u> Ihe prmco. To reward him 
raolvcd to cnato for Fucvio, whose 
iwereiwriified by Uuy^Leu5,a iii&t)i»- 
prDfuBSonhip, with u hoiisu and a 
ciagaNtitrvurtvrulvi- hunrlml Huriiw. 
I prinoe ■!»« promiseJ hini a prit ate pen- 
8011W deUy occiirrinj!, Fiiccio ruc I'Juts 
kjr • viliil to Bngl«nd in th>< :ipriiii; of 
wbese, be -writes, ' bein(r miplitity 
: with thi« nstWin, and with the V.ng- 
uri.Tniicn.nnil h»vin(rb.*n ill at Oxfnrd, 
L.I return to the llatnie; whfn», 
• Tiiv; of other*, I might have 
coo mnch «xk)««<1 to the rv8«utiDvnt 
loDfrsuid flf the count ftt ooct^; but 
fUTud in England till thi? IVincc of Oran^ 
wm« in full pnueaainn of thf«e kitigdomii.' 
wofl adtcittcd n fellow of tho Koval So- 
rt, :> Slav l'»« (Tno«<iox, Hiif. \f ft-iy. 
■-. npivMniix iv. p. .^xviii). Having nlrt-ainM 
ftir wim« of his countmnt-ii iu the 
uiil Uutch Mir\iM, Fnofio ' frtiiml it 
for bis own rest ' to leave Enj^Iaiid 
lie bcciimo trnrt-llini; tutor to 
lost >»n of Sir William Klli^ and a 
bornlin, and resided Juritig part of 
At l'tr';cht. Hi^rv hu mi-t Kdmund 
If, who writfHof him tlial ul l.htit. limo 
p*nflrally csioemed to bo a f^pinoiist. 
nuiumn nf IftSl Farcio retiirnt-d to 
;;Und. He wan in Switzcrlnn'l in ItiSW, 
■nd 1701 (k>o his letter in .Sewars, 
\ of IHitinmmhed /VrMMu,4thedit. 

I ronoemed in t he fatnotifquarrcl 
Ifwion and I>?ibnitK. lis bod 
fevnon at Cambridge iu Novrmber 
N'owton )?flVf^ him moary.ftnd olft-rwl 
[■ Iiiin a fibular alluwanL-*! on theron- 
JiiD of bi» pprmancntly n-ijding at Ci«in- 
(leitcr of Xcwton, dated II March 
it) NimoLfl, liiunlr. of Ut. \x. .^S^. 
I waa iitiHdrtlty of htn pftircm. Hcftmn 
■a^ that h» wak'a wi^ptick in religion, n 
'■''■- ■ inw>. but a iiutc dcbauchM,' 
•1 1'nr-cio 'ijnt by hia iDsinua* 

:. . '■ • n TB)!t sum of IDCHieT ' 

ikff of IV«dfwrd {Cattic- 

:.. u. '_'-l4>. FatWo al- 

i cy)ni'inw<I Xcwtdn of cer- 

-. Ihf ' I'nncii«ii ' (Hl"'Alfl>, 

im4 Afny, p. lOf'i Ediiihurfih Trttnif 

', I^i"J, xVu .!>. Hi> put* himself on 




Ion, antl in ft li-tfi»r to IIuv- 



undcriake it Piyself, as I know no ono wbo 
to well and lhoron(;lily understands a good 
pAit ofthiahooka.'il do.' Hn3r)Tbr>n«;;rBvely 
wrote on the margin of this lutivr 'tlappy 
Newton' (KEMntE, -Sfnt^ Paper* nnJ Ckirrt^ 
ap9Ndntee, pp. iiG 7). Wht-n l^rtiibnitx sent a 
Mit of problems for aolutioii to Fiiffland liu 
uivntioiied Nowtuu and failnl to mcniinn 
Faccio among tho«e probably (capable of i>olv- 
iag llwm (it. p. 438). Faccio rrtnrird by 
snouring at Luilmttx««tli0'sei>iDd inv'jntnr' 
of the cah^ulti.1 in a tract •-.nlitlM ' LintniB 
brevLssimffi descensus inTefitigalint<«!ointitrick 
iliiplttx, ciii addila t-nt inreMtigatio geometricft 
H>lidi ix)tundi inipitiininiaui Rat rmiBlcntit,' 
4t.o, LondoD, 1(790 (p. IS), In n^plvinir to 
Faccio (.irfa ErHditamm, 1700, n. 20^1 Leib- 
nitx ftjjpenied to Newloii hiuLS^lf lu liaviiig 
ttdmittt'd the mdcpcndcnt discovery. Faccio 
»iit n reply to tbv i-dilore of tLu'Artft Eru- 
ditorum," lint, tliej refu^ied to print it on th« 
)fp>uud of thoir uvi.THioti to L'OHtiyjrerHy yih. 
l7UI,p. I<tl}. l*'inaIlvhi;HtirniI up the whole 
Kovfll .S'lcititr tfl take a mirt in tho diiiptitc 
(!(KK»jtrK«, Mrmoirgof Sir I. NcvtoH, '2ttd 
wiit. !i. l-Ti). 

Faccio contitiiiud to rceid« in London at & 
Tf«fh>'r of niath<>innT.iM. Ho i^ntorcd into 

Sart iiership with t hi,' brothers I'eter and Jacob 
IS IkiHufrt', Krvucb watchmakers in L-mdon, 
and obiaini<d a founwn vears' imtimt fi^r tlte 
ftolo use in J'^gland of his iuvetitioii rrliiling 
to rubioR {Zondon Gaztllt, 11 >[ay 17ti4l. 
In March ITOIi h^ exhibited iip'riiiii>nii of 
wutchw thus jewelled to the Itoyal SofiMy 
(Original I^ttfr* nf EminirHi Literary Meit, 
Camd. Soc. Txiii. vilZ-ll^). Aliout th>:<i time 
FflCcioaMOci&tedhimK'lfwitb the Camiiuirda, 
or 'French prophfll*,' becotDing their cLiof, 
and committing their warnings to writing. 
The uroTernment fiiispeeled bim of coutrivins 
eome dr^-p political scheme. At lodt Fuccin 
and two of Itn brelhrvn wt-r« prowcuied at 
the chArcTBofthc French chureltesiD l^ondon, 
aud ooadcmnud by the quiwu'a buach to tho 
pillory AA CAmmon cheats and im]KNit(>r«. On 
2 Dec. 1707 Fuwio stood on a »*atfold ae 
Charinff Croid, with an in;icrijitioii on his hat 
deeoribinghimae an aivomplioe in spiralling 
' wicked and counterfeit nroplievies.' Ity thu 
inflnrnce of the ]>uke of Ormonde, to whom 
brother, I»rd Arran, Faccio had be«n tutor, 
he wa^ eared from the violenco of the mob 
(LrrrniiLi.. Relation of Stale Affair; I'd", 
vi, 1'40). He next start-:^ on an cxpeililion 
to convert the world, waudi-n.-d through tier- 
many, wf^nl into Ania, and iu thernd drifletl 
hark to llnf^lnnd. He wad in I^nn^lon in 



waa in 
M, wriio« I hat it i« really Qti- ' May 1712. K^'i-niiiiilly bv retired to Wor- 
ry til .-lak ?i«T«-t-in to prepare a nnw , ee^i'r.whereh*' formrtlfwimfcong'nisl fr»-iu|- 
*ilowoTvr,'licaddj,'iiiia}'poMib1y Btup»,iuid busied liiusclfwilL uwDiitic pur- 

l3 




■uita, a)cb«-Jny, and The rayittcneit of ihe cab- 
bftlc. In 1732 Iiu endcuvniirtKl, but it is 
thought iinj>Mcin>M>rully,t(>tib(ttinthrotigUtlie 
ioflocnec of Jnbn Caoduitt [q. v.], Xcwton'a 
nepbew, eomu rvwurd fur baring snv<-<l tbn 
lift of The Prinre of Omng^. il'> aaaisle<l ; 
Conduitt in pUnmoBtbedeeiKiitandwTitmg 
lIiG inscription for SVwton'* moniimi'-nt in 
"W*«tiniuncr Abbey. lie dit>d ou :^ April 
or 12 May 17>'>3 1 0>ni. Maif. ifxiii. 'Jll^), and 
WAS buri4>d nt th« chnreh nf St. Nicholas, 
Worct-wli-r {rtKEEU, n'urrtntei; ii. &3-1 ; ct 
Nash, H'orcestenhirt, vol. ii. aupplmieDt, 
p. 101). H« left ft numb(.-r of miuiuscripli, 
of -which aoate paAsed into the lianda of I>r. 
Johnstone of KiddiToiiutitur; utliera were ac- 
quired by ProfMiMr \a- Sa^^ of Onncva, who 
aim poeaemed a large callEwr ion nf liifllettpm. 
A few of bis pnpeni and tplt<>ra nre in thi* 
BritiiOi Mnnfiim. Anyins thi-in id it Lntin 
poem enlille<l 'X. Fucii Du^llorii Auriavufi 
Tbrono-(«crviitu8'(Addir.M3.4ldS)jConNiin- 
iix^ a curioua nairatire of Kenil's plot and 
n. not inel^ji^nt dcscnption of Ibe jt^weiled 
M-ftichi'«. A f(tric« of Inivnt to Sir Hana 
SIcwriH iib. 4CM4) extend from 1714 to 17:HI. 
Other letlPrH of bin are in faerimluE 2 nf 'C. 
]Iu(^nii aliomtnqui- sninili xvii.viroruin ci'l'.- 
hruiin RxercitBtinnM MathemnTirn'el Philn- 
■opbicw.'-H'J.thi.' IlnpiM, IKSS, To vol. v. of 
Lc Cl"'ro'« ' Hihiiothi-qiift I'nivorvOliv/ ltW7, 
Faocio contribute 'lUHexions our une ni6- 
thode dr troiivcr l*"* tjingitnt«s do cortAino* 
ligncs courbee, uui vieni d'(-tr<> puhlif-c dan» 
an lim intitulf: Mi-diciua McuiiK.' 1\iv 
' Act n Ldpsiiin^ft * for 1700coiUAiu» * Exwpyla 
vx Sim resnonaione nd escerpta ex titl^riu 
J. llcmouiliT,' IlcMdiis a puporin thB ' Philo- 
mphioiilTm'ni'aclione.'xxviii. 172-0, ontitlw.1 
* kpiiklolii mi fmtrem Job, t'lirisloph. Facium, 
qua vindicat SolutioDum suam Problcmatis 
ne invrnii'-nilo iM>lido rotnndo M-ti ti-rx-t i in ({un 
loiaitUB Eat n^Etipntia,' Fsci^io lv>^trib1ltt^I 
aiticlm on antromimy mid Hebrow nii>lre» in 
nearly nvrry niiraber of the 'Cionth-roan** 
Magaxine'for 1737 and 173r4. In addition to 
the work* nln-ady mentioned he wns aiiihor 
uf: 1. ' Kpislola . . . <Ie man fenfo Snlouionia 
ad E. B«ini&rduin ' in tht^ Inttcr's' De Mensurts 
el Ponderibus anii'jtUD l.iWi \rvt,' tfvo, Ox- 
ford, 1688. 2. * Fruit-wall.* improvtMl l>r in- 
clininf tbpiD to tbu boriztHi,' hy a inen]l»!r of 
th« ifnvnl Sorirtv (.*ia:nwi N. 1-". p,, i,... 
N. Fawin do rhjillier)."4tfl, London, ItWP. 
S. ' N. Facii T'liillt-rii Ni'utnnua. Eclo^rn," Svo 
(OhentP), 1738. 4. 'NaTipnlion impmv'd : 
beuig chiefly ihe method for finding tlie Uti- 
tudc at MA lis v.-A\ n.* bv Innd/ fol., London 
(1728). With .I<»n Aliut, Klie Marion, und 
othtr fcnlotA, he issii^l an unfulfiilHJ pro- 
pheqr vith tiie tilti; 'PUa do la Jaaticu Aa 



Dica «ur la trrrc diiiu n-^ dcrnicnjoun et 
rcl&TcmeDL de U chAie dc rhommo par 
pich^,' 3 paria, 8vo, 1714, of which n Latiii 
venion appaon-tl during thi- i^aicc year. _ 
A young«r brother, JeasT Cui'.lsrorilB 
FA<%lu,po«aMed much of XicoUsV I'-amin^, 
but none nf liin gvniit*. lit- wik (?Wtcti I*.R.S. 
on 3 April Mm (Tiiimflu.v, IlUl. nf Jio^. &«. 
appendix iv. p, xicti), and nubltfhrKi m tb 
' Philooophiral Traii«ii-t»KW (xxv. ±.'4 Ml) I 
deiM^iplion of on eclipee of the aun wliic 
behad obA^rT«^atti(*n*>vaQn 1*2 Mar of ibi.. 
year. Ho died nt Centra in Octormr I "tit. 

iwill regifltered in P. C. 0. 5, Itiickin|;hain). 
ly bis wife Catherine, dang^htcr of Jt-an 
Qaesaud of FoTVolifuivrc ui Pn)Vfiu-«, to 
whom he woA marned in 170W, he left no 
ieGue. Ufir will waa proved at London ia 
March Mbl (n-giAt«r<^<l in P. C. C. 04. UettCft- 
wofthl. 

rSen^)«r*9 Bistoire litt^mlre de Goniva, iii. 
1&&-S8; N'onrdle Biogra[>hJ« (itorrale, xrtt. 
138-41, Btngniphi* UDiTer«4ille(AIichiiiiil), xiit. 
40&-6; Calamys Hiacorical Aofouiit 'ifniy uvru 
Lif<>, i. 189-90, ii. 74-A: Dio^mphin ItnUtimat 
tKippi*), iii. 14S-I, art, ' t^nUm j ; ' lttim>-t'» 
TmTOht(173;}. p. M; Bumet'iiOwn TimotOs- 
f*inl cd.). iii. 124; ilfi-wnt.r» .McinAin tit Sir L 
Nnvton (18A5), ii. 3rt-40; WilKi:i'ii DliumilrCK 
CharckoM, iv. 78-ft ; Kcmb'o'v Slatv pHpvn sad 

, Corwapindenea. pp. 426-3; Iteame'sCallMtif ~ 
(OxT. Bill. Sue), li. 2*4. 44T; TatUr(Sicb 

' Bod Cbslai«N, 1806), i^.tittfi Adm»1* t<f Qn> 
Ar;n6'»a6ign,vi. 371 ; HuygTcii ^;x^^reitfllionl 
fjLM^. i. 41, ii. 66, I7>'i; Salmon'* UtirriniklnicM 
ilinoriaii, 3rd ed. i. 3&\ : Grwri'« Uisl. oT Wui 
ceeter, ii. 93-4, appendix, pp. exliz-«Ur; \Vi 
(.'urioiitiwof Clm-ksaiul Wat.-hp», pp. 30n-10; 
Nalthrojip'* Trvjitiiio on WMich-vork, pii. 92-3, 
237-8; nti»ir)w'« Watch and Clock Making, 
pp. 20, 110, 111, 114. 129; )?(itM and Qciorin. 
3rJ aer. viii. 171-2, 2\b. 390-1; Dedimtioa of 
Kmncla Willb'a 9ynop»ta Ptijaine, Sre, IxiihIod, 

1690.] 0. a. 

FACHTN A, Sautt and Bwnop (jf. fMk 
cttnt.), of Ho.* Ailitliir, now RoMcarl>ery, in 
the iwuth-wmtt of the ooiinty of Cork, vna 
deatcenilM in (lie tvr«>lfl'h CT'iieralinn fnim 
Lnsmid Lagdn, brother of OlioU t)luiu, kinff 
nf Munater, of the race of Lugaid.AOU of Itu 
(fpiim whom the tr-rritorv doriTcd it« name 
Corcn Luidbe), Hi* |k?']i;;ree in tlM* ' [..eliar 
Breco' describes him assim of Monfrach, *.in 
of Mocttaeh, w •Xov* thv ' Ilouk of l.*'in.fii 
In till! 'Calendar' of (J-JnifiK beiii said [■> lia 
Iwen calk'd mnc monffOfh, * the Uiury i 
IVom hia nppeuninct- ut birth ; a \^ffi 
liajM Hu^^esied by the apparent rnr 
lieiwfmi Mou^h, the proper nunv, 
*tnonjr.' hair. 

He lirst held the nUice of bishop and at 
of Dairinid Maolanfoidh, ' th« oak tatoadj 




■ i>tb.* T1>iiii»af:ual]yiil<riitirte(l with 

ar. iUttnd in tlif rivflr Illackwaipr, 

, but Ihe 'Martyr^l'jpy <if D(»- 

^41^. filfcOOAliimiil IhiirinUin ('i 

t ViiiitBKlAcii, that i!i, ibb i^l&ad in the Itay of 

WnConl. which it appears from nn ««lry at 

SI Jon. WW ftUooitUuu Durinis Maulnnfaiilti. 

bulli pUcnft |ifobiibl^ Acknawledgm^ llip uu- 

tboritr of lhi« nml. 

pM^itiia X* LvM hnown u tbe found«rof 
kIm gn>«t actiml of Knu, nituAted oa tbe Mdi 
«aMt OMJ- thv BOW uselesB harbour uF Itou, 
ooci! tuTigabk; bv ship*. Tfao itcbool was 
«udy ■coBBsiblei W eeo, and mtracted stu- 
^^dcn'- '■-■■•' ■>)iro»ui, n» well v fnLun hoin^.. 
^H In ' t* Moobiwinoff or Puidbt-rius 

^B ll.'J .' ■_, .1. -i-,' ifltliiij wferrwl to: 'Ilelivi?«i 
IB bia own motuuter;-, foundwi by tiimw^lf 
near Um tea, where a cil<r frew up, in whicb 
*larf^ niimbor of ttholars is alwnjrs in ht- 
JbuntL' Th« wyril 'city'U-ivil«»> mteil herw is 
•BoLirtl ill lYclesiaitiical iMm to a monastic 
Aciut^^l. wfaicli c.'nsiKtL'd gf i,'ruiii>s of rude 
bul^- i>nt lopeUiKT for tlii tit iidc lit*. From 
thi*- inllwx of Btranp>r« il ramo to be known 
m» )tu» Ailithir, gr eoiowtimcs \l<>» Ailithri, 
* Rnunf ilippilj^mRorpilf^irQajirc.' Aililhir, 
a I'l 1 '-■^m ihe Grwlt ' allott^ios,' wm 

%tt' \jnin ' p>'T«-prinu*,' tfl sifru'l'v n 

atruii;.' r in i![i- imrrow«r ueim' of one who 
caiucnillian'bLi"ii»]>urtiow. Si. Brendan of 
Olunfi.'rt iaivportctl by Haninvrtohave l>wn 
■ODO* /rririgluttn, 'it prnWlur of this ichooL 
It cnnljnupd (o csisi until 072, whun it was 
«|(«lnty«(l hv ihr- Itarwn. Tbe pmlttctor then 
in nffire, tuuned }Au^ome> (MacCosh), was 
taknn {inMinar and oarrird tkir lu Scatt^ry 
m] ir tbcShannini, when<^> hn wan ran- 
i U Bn«» H-r -itiib-t (^Oi'tHOH) ^o. v.] 

troiVI 111' [-ItJ lit ILh's follllllfttlDII llBVt! 

tmiiiTm 111. lull 11 ^itvmi'hyaitrihtitcd to^[al^- 
Onm» is trrp«^r(>«] in the * Itookof L»in»t(>r.' 
Tboiyjb in it» nn^vnt mclricul form it dau-s 
fruoi th« l«nt'i emlitry. it mar have be^ii 
«ri)flnally cl<nlpiltdintll)^tiiDl.■of lbofoundl^^. 
Jl w a •umiiiarv nf lb* Kv<Kraphy of tli* 
kbi til'iTA tome IduiwleJ^o of 

Or - "d Kutnv facta, atwh oa th« 

lnin:i:>^- i>iii:ii ui llnL'u on thfl (^iu)|>ian. for- 
narljr known a? the ' eli'mnl fiivs,' which 
wwiv nnknowD vlw-whirrn in Kiim|H> in t)iAt 
«(^. Tlir \yi'm hax lu-'-n pulili-lied with a 
tniiwlalion lu (li^- ' IVKXH-dm^ti of tlii> ftoyal 
Ifiah Ai-adeliiy ' 

Iiap]»^i>r-r.,I, iv.> luH<iiuflr>rthi> foundation 

iof lln*i rill tii-4-niii-- blind (oiccuft, 

which I' , I riivnw th« Irish itucA^ 

DurMind i,uid tii' iianii-ii ly bMuiui^Lt t Ii*? Lord 

(or t mi-.'-dT. In ni«|ionpt! lo hii yrwym h« 

' ihnt bir lauiil ' hnlli" In* far-e 

liri oiilli of tbtt wifit uf lUtiiiin ihu 




'agan 

nrtisan.' Not knowing who tbia penoB wu* 
bo was diroct«d to her by the proptietesa Ita, 
uad alter a Journey of fire (uya arrivixl at 
Corcal>iiiM.-inn, in the county of Clani, whure 
h« disDOTvred thu wifa of B«oiui, and hnving 
luadthepTwicribed r«mi»dyr«coTKrvd biHoight. 
limn* wtri! several aainta of thf> name, and 
St. Uiiimin of Connor (JL 7tb wnt.), in bis 
poem on the oainu of Tr^Iand, celebratefl onrt, 
whoBnenufrom tbe reference Co his tnching 
and his hospitality to baro bmin tbe sabjact 
of our aketon :— 

Kiicbtua lliD bvKLiitJihln, tbo piooi, lored 
To teacb aJl will) randies. 

This may menn that Iii> gave leuotts in the 
f vcninfr. and if a coiijectunt is allowable thus 
injured hisuyfaigbl. Awonlinjjtolbo'Book 
of Li>can ' t wtnty-aeven bL<«bopA of the mce of 
Lu^niidU t;uYvrupd Kuhs from Fachtna to Ua 
Duu^lncb, all of whom wi-n> nativi^x of tJie 
tprrilory, 

l-Wh'ina i« t>ti|)po«(^ to liBTv died in Ills 
forty-Hinfh ypar of hi» age. The story juat 
(fircn iiii|ilii'!i that he was at Itoss bpfonttho 
di^tb of St. Itii. i.p. fiiO, and Colgnn thinka 
he was alive a» lateai SUO. His name is the 
Imh fDnnofthc Latin Faeundus; it is lo* 
csUy prv<M*rvtHl in thv uamv of tbe adjoininK 
parish of Kil-fauubua-be^, ' tbe \\Xt\v cburcE 
of St. Fiu-htnu. llu is suuii>limt!<» caUad 
Fau^biiaiiorFurhtiian, i.f>.Farbtiia with'au/ 
the dimtnutire of ufTection, added. His da^r, 
a4rcording to (be ' Marlyrology of Donvgal,' is 
11 Auj^., nllhough Smith (Hut. r/ Cork) 
gives the L6cb as the day observed in Iha 
neigfabourhood. 

fLaaigaa's Ecd.QiM. ii. IWM ; Uar^rology 

of l>oiirjtid. pp. 21.210; Snitb's IlitLcT Cork, I. 
2M-7: Cakndar of (Eneiis. ««'•<-«*»«' ; Viu 
Mochaemog tru Pulchcriun. Knl lamlists' Ada 
Sanct. Vi Blnrch, lorn. ii. 281 »^{.; Book of 
Leiiiffler, Si'il ii ; Lebur Ureoi;, 18 • ; lieographjr 
of Ro« Ailitliir : Pro^i^duigs uf tbe Royid Insn 
Aeademy, 2ud xr. li. 219, Ac] T. O, 

FAOAW. ROBEItT (A 1810), diploma- 
tist and smaicnr portrait-painter, was bum 
u I Cork iiKiut l7lo. ICarly in the century 
he WHS itjipoiHtMl (^otiAul-gcneral for Sicily 
and tb>.- Ionian Islunils. Fur many ywra bare* 
oidnliii ItooK-, nnilU'lufrn umaitd 17B8tie 
formed a uisgiiific^nl collection of work* of 
art, inrliidint; nhvi.'dlI cbvfs^'iuuvre, formerly 
in tbe Aliirri I'mIaor, and a Oroek marble of 
Alexander, which )h> presmtwl to lb« Vati- 
can Miixonm. Tbi' .■Mtinri l^'laudee were 
purchased from Prince Alt ieri by Fagan, who, 
to Mve them from the F'n^nch, t<'xtk thf pn>- 
caution to secrete them within a wall built 
by Ititute-lf under astairo&se. It was not long 
bufora a rumour of tlw sale roachad ilia 



Fagg 



iiS 



Fagg 



l''rvDi'li Atilhoritin, imd ihe purcbiuwr, ref^i*- 
iog to deliver up llic puriured, wtu arrested, 
*IM for some lime conlined in tlie CAstlo of 
Su AngiOo. But tlm place wlioro tbt-jr were 
d«|io«il«iI not iiuviiifc Lkvh dutcovered, be 
■fturwitrdB fouai) mfatiK to caurej them to 
Kii[ftim(l. Wln-u th(- KnriK'h tooli pwsewwm 
of 1 Come in 17ft>, whil4> ait<>inprin^ t'l uk*> 
rufugu oil bonnl Admiral NcUon s fleet Fi^n 
was iimytloii vriili llu; tiicturra in hi» poi»c«- 
sion, bill bein^ releued Uirnugh th» inti>r- 
fKri'iice of n friend, be succeeded in ponve^- 
ing the two Claud« 7nctun.'S to Pnlrrtn'o. 
Tli«y \r«n> Bubsequeully transmitted to a 
tnorcluuil in Enf^lsndforlbc purpose of m]c, 
but ibrougb un frr<:fr iu tbe con»igumcut 
tLcy were deposited for a eouAidemble time 
in n cuftom-buiise at some port in the wect 
of Enfclimcl. On F»zan'«i arrivnl in I^>n<lon 
bu asM-rt sini-d tlmt bis picturuJi had been sd- 
verti»ed for wvlt-; \tv found nn dilfinilly in 
pruvin^' them to he bin pniptrty, and iliey 
w^rr^.i restored to bim on payment of all ex- 
penflr^ii. They were siibMKiucnily disposed of 
to Mr. Beckiord, n-iih u inw einall IltiUan 
pictiiriM', for l,oO(V., and purt-hnM-d from him 
lor U.QIXH. by Mr. Richard Hurl Daris, by 
wbom tbey were IntiinftTivd lo .Mr. Mih-n. 
Tbc I^igh Court paintings werp sold in ISrt^f, 
and tbn crlid>nitp<t Altivri Clundes — tbe 
'Landing of .Kneafl' and lho*Sa«rifioc (if 
ApoUij' — an- n"w in tlit* coUiKtion of Mr. 
VandprbiU. of Nt-w York, U.S.A. A land- 
scupi*, representing tbe embarkuiioa of the 
qneen of Shcba, vriis bought by Mr. Anget^ 
stoin, and aubaenuunlly bv the wiitiuii in lt!*J4. 
>'ngan »x)iibil<_-d ut tlie Uoyal Aciidtiur ibe 
three following portrnils: in 1812 'Children 
of Lord Ainher^t 'iSaraliand JtflVTvl.paimtd 
■t 1'H.lormo; 1^15, engraved in im-uotiiit fiy 
LlunkurU-n,' PurtniitBof Ladv Acton and he'r 
riiildreii:' IHIG, ' I'.irlrait of fnptnin Tlif- 
fonl.' At HolluodUousetbRrn is a portrait of 
Kliiab^lh, IjBdy IloIlantl.aiidatBayfonibury 
Park are Boveml worka by Fann. He mar- 
ried a lEonmn lady of great oeauty, whose 
Kirtrait he painted acreml Limes. Ilt'di«d in 
nmi-, 2lt Airg. 1816. leaving two children, 
Eiittnn and Ocnrgv, diplomatist, who diMj at 
Caracas iu 1(^99. Jtutuvi-n ISIJ and 1813 
FajjanwM at N'aplea, during which iierincl bo 
was uittcb L-ngugvl in eorraraondinj; with 
i^iltca Carolinr- of Niiplwt and Lord William 

July 1887). ^^ 

LPnval* iufbrmatJoB.] L. F. 

FAGO, Sin JOHN (<t. 1701>, colonel, 
was the sou of John Fagg of Kyo, Susti^x 
(son of John Fawg of Urennftt, Ktiit). by 
his matrioge witb Miaa Eluabetb Hndaon i 



(TtRBRY, CiAtntu Gew^alnfftM, Kent, |>. 962). 
During the cifil war he took sides with tbe 
Mrbninentandbeeameacoionel. He ut for 
ttye in the Long parliament. On ll>Juue 
uU:t he u9'i-red a luan of 1,0(10^ to parliririi'-nt . 
which bin Aittirt'bnjibcr-ln-law,Colou<l II'' r- 
)>rrt MorlfV, nnit autliuri»«d lo accept, lie 
was appointed a comtmasiooer to trv tur kin^, 
utid atlL^nded in tbe paitited cluuubvr on 10, 
12, end 13 Jan. It>l8-9,bnt otberwiMf bort' »(» 
part in the trial. <>n being noaiinaiwl one 
of the cooimitt(>(> for Sussex Ite rvfuiu:*! Ut 
munti'nnnce their propoeaU for 'n^hlinjf' 
the county. AVilUam Goffe [q. v.], in writ- 
ing to Tburloo from Lewe«, t Not. ItiiVi, 
states that he had omitted Fagg's name fruiu 
the comntisaion because he was 'Istrly ob> 
M*r\-i;d to bu too gralioui with diaBtr>.x'i*.xi 
men ; lieaidoN, will not stirr a baircA bivdlb 
withouti:oll.Morlpy"(Tm:KtOE,6"(a?ri%rppr», 
iv. llil), At tlir-flwlionof ia.'>4 l'"iiitK wa« 
reiunied ff»rth« county of Susaex,ann a.'iiin 
inl6rj*),when,bnwi:"ver,b*wa5nirt pi-rmiri...! 
to take hi* sirat [^LUft r>f ^f^■^mllfraof I'ltrti/f 
mfnt, O^nal Jiftuni, pi. i. p. flOfi). In ih? 
parliament of 16.'>f*-l)bcwa» n-tHruel !■ ■ i' ■ 
county. Urauibcr borough, and Uor-. im. 
when ht" eJL'cttJ to sit with Oolonel .Mo.-luy 
furlbo county (iifr.pt. i.p. 510). On 111 July 
of that v^r the council of ^la'f pitit'cd htm 
in c^>mm»nd of the f^usa^x miltlia. Ho waa 
direclvd to poysw-cinl rt'trarti t" the wcurity 
of Ohirhesti^r nnd .\r«ndi'l, and to pri'>nii&e nil 
who voliint^-ered for this senioe equal pay 
with the P.'gnlar ircvops while oclunUy undi*r 
arms. He wamilw toinaintAinaeorrei^j^'tt-j 
enCv with the annv and militia in ^ 
Surri'V, Hftiupshin.', and \Villabm' •' 
might be ocvnsiou, and 1o gi^o n 
teliigcncc to tho council of his pi _ ..^^ 
{Thi-nloe, vii. riij C^i. Stiifr J^perf, Ix-in. 
lll.'jH-(JO. n. WW), fie w^fuiMHl lo net with 
Hw-twcoa and i.ambert'a party, and for »t- 
trmnling l« raistr force* in 8umm'x to juin 
Ilaalerig and Mnriey in Porlamunth, hn wii» 
wixipd by Lieut enanl-c^lonel LagOf and vrnt 
priwncr t« Lonilon in Di^ember l(\'& i yUr~ 
rurwj> }'-J,tirt", 8-ir> Dec. 1659, p. MUl). The 
Rump, on being restored a fortnight after- 
wards, accord^-d him a special vou- of thanks, 
29 Uec. ( Omnikoa*' JouruaU, vii , 7Vtt ) . T» 
days later be was placed on tbe council 
•tatp {Ut. rii. 800). Fagg u»«l hi* ':: " 
nromnta the king's return, and wn 
Unmet 11 Dec. 1060. He «ro» oU.^, 
Sli.'yning,.SuAMix,in Marcli 1tf6I,aiid I 
seat dunngbi» life (Zuf«q/*.V«mW«e^J 
ment). In the election of I6BU-1 bewaa fo- 
tumcd for the county a» well m for Stivniiie, 
but pr^'fermd (<i re[ir»-wnL th<? lol; 
p. fioO). I''agg acquired tho estate 



SuMTx, irhicb bad Ik^'-ji aotil Ijy 8ir Tltouuia 
ftbftflvy [q. Y-j The heir of tho SbBrloya, 
Tlwnwisytiprlf^y, M.D. fq, v.], did his utinoat 
tn rrciWiT hb> Innt inncntftnc«, bAAJnif his 
clnim np^u t be sot tlement of the estate mode 
br Sir TUmiiiw Slierlcjf before hi» dixtth in 
>tfbru«rT ltUt-5, Uu suit vu, liowerer, 
uaaiii'ccn^ful, nnd od cnrrfiiig hd appeal tu 
tb< ■ * ■■ [ytrds tn IG/'I, h* wan urdi-wd 

in' i-dy of ihe ^tijvaot-ail-nrniii f^r 

^oi iTiTillye, Fftgg being a meimbcr of 
n. lliu uuill«r occMiooctl io vio- 

^dixpute between the boiueM, that thi> 
Idi^ waa It) conw^OMice cumiicUcd tu pix>- 
rojTUn this pari iaiDi*!!! on !!3 Nov. in tin* Miitin 
Twar ( Klwbb. IJattUt, Sec. of Wf^tfni A'ltMfj-. 
M- i. pp. SflTt, '^r ; CoKlnrrr, ■Vfn/« TriaU, 
vL llL'l-K«). Fftjrp died 1>^ Jao. 1700-1. 
li*- rti.-rr,.?.!, W March 1*M.\ Marj-, daughl«r 
mH: ' rlcyorfilyndt'.SuBBeXjbywhom 

bt- . a children. Ailnr her death ou 

I'U Is-jv. Iutt7 hf tnarrinl, »(.-con[lly, Ann, 
dau^-hn-r "f Philip Wfslou of Nuwbury. 
|U- • «hedied II May IfHU w-itU- 

!>!.! -jue. A fmt' full-lfiiplh portrait 

wf l&^'j; u pn-JMTvt.'d at Wiataii. 

[NoMo'ii I.iTM of thn Krglitih H/^eiiiM, i. 
20fl-T . W(itl'in'» Jtaroiiet'ii^-f^KtmWr iind Jolin- 

Oil. Siau Papers, Horn. ICftil.l. p. 347, 1661-2. 
p. »3 ; Wood't AtiuoK Oxoii. (BIim), ii. 498, 
tr. T7; will rr~'=-^-' '-- CC.C. 89, D^m; Su'»c<x 
ArrlMH>lD^icHl ' . vols. t. xii.: W. Dur- 

rani C«.".'|*r'ii r ^ I rSum-i; Will of Jijbii 

¥*&. rfci. {P. C C. fl7, Kivi>r»); ThuHoir'n Swio 
Paper*, r. 466, 490; Erdj'ii'a Diary (WhmtloyJ. 
iU.17:-«3.1 Ci.O. 

FAOOE, CHAJ{LES HILTON" (1838- 
]t^~ inn, iM>o of Charles Fagg^, a 

tn' Tilioner, and nephew of Jc^in 

U , wiu l»jrii at Hythu in Kml ou 

S(i. - Knggfi i-<»ti!r«j' Quy's Ho^pitAl 

tu>.>>li.-.Al -i-]iLi'}|in UcLoher 1U50, and inJ'NjD, 
at tbi- flrxT M.H.i^xaminationat thc-iinivi-Tflily 
nf I .imdon, gained xhtea AcHolarihi]» and gold 
oirrlalfi.an alnimt tinjDara1l('le>l diKtinctiou ; in 
1861, at the Bnal M.B. examinutirin, hi- f^iiiiKrd 
•cli^lanilups and gold medal* for ineiUcii)^ and 
for phraioiofrr, nnd n gold nii>dal for surgery. 
jnl^if;!!!-? trniduiiUHiM.il., in IHOl kt-auiua 
"•70 a fellow of the Koyal 
I ins. AlWr beini; drmon- 
y fiwm 186:* t.i IHllll, 1-agire 
.nedical rvgiatrtu- of Guy'a in li^lH, 
Ipityatciiui in Iljtt7,and physirinn in 
lie waa for Homx yoar« di^mt^nHtmNtr 
of morV.id unnroniT. lecturer on patholocy, 
•II' iiiu*i-uin lit Ouy'a. lie for 

aoM i ib^ 'Ouv'« Uo^pittil 1U>- 

|MrU,' «ud ui il>e lioio of his death wwt 
In modiciiMi to Uw tuivenit; of 








l^iiiilcm. For abuiit a year and a ludf he bad 
sufTen^d from aneuryBin of the aorta, but lui 
coutinii<^ to woHc on hi* Irenlis*! on raedi^ 
cini;, which had occupied him for twoWe yean 
or more, lie had been occupied for many 
hours on tho Ia«t day of hU life in readinff 
oxominai ion papers, wheuhe wit8»eiKL*d wiib 
ditticulty of breathin);;, and died in half an 
hour on 18 Nor. 1863, at bia hoube in. Gro»- 
venor Street, tn his fortj'-eixth year. 

As a consulting phyaician Fogi^ wn« ra- 
pidly riving to tbc frvtil rncik, owing to htH 
nfmarknhle painstaking in the investigation 
of i-av^eB. Ilia originul pu^wrs and hi* ' Prin- 
ctjilwnnd Pmeticrdf .Mcdidiie,' puljlL*htTd in 
IkH6, with imnorlant additioiu by l>rt. Willm 
aiid pTiJ-Siuith, the latter having iililed t.ho 
work, plaee him hi(,'h among raiDtribumre to 
tilt' scioiitiBc advancement of medirini*. \\n 
was an oMomplLshed clinical physician nnd 
a palbuloKiat wf very wide gnLB|^ a thinker 
cnimhie of gathering with infinite patii^ncu 
fuels from aU qiuirtvrs,UHlor arranging them 
with i^ingular iikill >o aa to make ooscure 
points cUar. Ap a tea<Jier lie wu ncciimte, 
iniuilU'iHnd miioh vnliii-d. H« tmiislnled the 
tir»t Tolumn of IIf^bm'H work on ciitaneuua 
dlaeasea into Eiielish for thf NVw SydHtibam 
Society, and clnasiiu'd and catalogufd the iii- 
raluubU' i*erit's of models of eiiii diwa*!'* in 
Iheinuaeum of Guv's Hospital. He eonWi- 
huU'ditevvT&l valiiflblu papers ou slcin diseaaea 
to th« 'Gny'a Uoapital Itoport?,' the moat, 
important bt^ing 'On 8eleriu«is and Allied 
A ni-ct ions,' 18(17. An admirable artielo on 
• Intestinal Obelructi<m ' apj»an>d in t he samti 
repurta in ]!*0H. Ui" nrtjclti on 'Valvular 
Disease of tiiP- H.>nrt ' in Reynolda's ' System 
of Medicine' (vol. iv.) is a mu»lorIy one; 
others on ' Mitral Gontmction,' ' Aeute IHla- 
Inlion of the Stomach,' 'Abdominal Ahacess,' 
andonTibrpidlliwuseoflheHeiirt'ClVan^ 
actions of the Patholof^cal Society,' x.\v. (M- 
9§), am ncarteiy lew notable. In conjuncii<iii 
with Df.Thomaa Stevcn5on,ie made n merit's of 
research L-g on thi* ojipliciition of physiological 
I.--t« for digitaline and other poison* (Prwi. 
Hoy. &c. 1865; Ou^tUv'qnUilki-port*, IHOO). 
But an Bccoimt of lh« ■iibject* on which ho 
wrote original and valuable papi-re would ira- 
Terse moch of the most int««ir«(inj» ^ound in 
medicine. The' Lanct'l 1880. i.lWldeseribca 
bia 'Pruiciplt'sand Practirt' of 31ed>cine' aa 
' one of the most fcienliHr and philosophical 
wurk» of its kind, l>eing in truth a mme of 
vtinieal and pat lloloi;l<l^a! fuCT.it, whirhare dealt 
with in 80 maiterly a uamicr that we know 
not which tn ndinire iiio^t, the patient labour 
and thought expended in hrin^ng them to 
light, the leamiug and aenmt'ri that illuat rate 
them, or the calm and judicial ^irii in which 



^ 



Fagius 



T*0 



•ahey 



tliey are Mtimated uid rriliclaptl.' A Mooitd 
odilion appeopctl in 1888. Fagge wu of 
miiMle Ijcigltt. particularly nuiet and unns- 
Bumini; in munnf r,Bnd much boloTftd by tliosi- 
wtoknewiiimwi-ll. H.ilcft awidawomliwo 
(lat^len. A broDse tablet has b«en nrM^t^d 
to Sis memoty in the miueam aS Oaj's 
HosfHtal. 

[Gu/'e Hospital RvporU, 1894, xiiii-xzxi.; 
LdDM-t, IS8». ii, 073. 1886.1.20.69,' BnL M<k1. 
Jounwl, 1883, ii. IMG; Modtcal Timto. IBS3, 
ii. flli.l G. T. B. 

FAOIUS,rAUL(1504-ir,49),divnin,w)ii 
of IVt'T Uiichldn, achoolmafltrr of lUieioxa- 
btni in thv Palatinate, and Mur^nrel ilimin 
of n«i(ic!!hfrff, wa» bam in 1504, and at th-.-- apt- 
of ple\-ea leu hie fatliur'x scliool for lU-id'^U 
Iwrc, wltpri' hi' nfudipt] under John Itrontius 
ana Miiritn Frpcktua. From flvidvltturu at 
about the oat of «ight«cn Im tvmoved to 
Strasburg', wnero he gave lecMoe to &u]ipurt 
hinwelf. At Stra«burg he wa» lhi> ptipil of 
Wolfnna Capito. a famous rTttlimisI , and b«- 
camo luiimattt with Uuccrand oib<jr Iwamed 
rrfonner*. In loli? he uc«!ptcd tlift past of 
Kchonlmnfilt'r at Ism« in Suubittt vliero hi? 
marmul. In ]ft.'t7, after two yean' prepara- 
tory Bludy at Straalnirg, ho und«r1ooft the 
dutiea of pruttor at Irite, and dihtiu(iui!>lied 
liimM-lfforflofjiifTncf and leal. In l.'J4l,whi'u 
lene waa vinited by the plagui>, lun itKuinpli) 
and exhortations provcnted tlu> de^rrtton of 
the town by thencherinbabitnnt«. All ihL^ 
time he was actively improvinj; himsfilf in 
Hebrew ; be induct^ the celebrated mbbi, 
Klias Lflvita, to come from ViMiif* to hrlp 
liim in hia otiidicic, and by the generosity of 
Peter BiilUer, nt-uiiturofuni>, he vraa enabVtd 
to Htablish a licbrew printing-prMH, vliich 
pufaUfihod many worlu viJuablv to oriental 
vcholari. 'Ilieie publicationa gave FogiuR a 

Siat n-iiutation as a Uubnist, and in \T>i->, 
pi to baring diwi at Sinuburgof the plopu^ 
the aenate inviti^d Fagiu« to (ahe but place 
as professor of HebreKr; alnu^t nt thi? Aame 
timo the town of Coiuitanoe adied liim to 
succeed the eloquent paator^ John Zwiclt, 
while the landgravo of ITwbw olTvrwl him 
the chair of theolooy at Marburg. Ka|;iu» 
»cc<:pl«d the port of paator at CotiHtanet^ for 
two years, and in 1644 went to Stnsbarg as 
Oapito's auccPMOr ; but in 1546 Frederick II, 
the ftlectnr palatine, invited him to Huidwl- 
b»rR to aid the party of tin' rvfonuation in 
that univeTsJty. Fagius published several 
works while at Ueidelberg-.but lo«t hii- fntht-r 
in 1^18, and tlic triumph of i\\f t^mperor 
over tbe elector bt^OQ to moke the uoeilion 
of OOnspicHDiis rvlnnnera exewdiniily dnn- 
gortHts. Uaving refuMtd lo obuy thu lst«iiiu. 



he waa depoard witji Uuci^r from his o(fic««,j 
and accepted in l&49th*' invitation of Arch-' 
biabop Cranmer and the lord protector (4 
romc to England. lie arrivi^ in Knglaod 
in April and xtnvtHl fur Mime muiitliH 'with 
th>^ urHibi^hop, till a quartan fever attaekit) 
him : he was removed tu Cambridgi' on Ti Not; ^ 
in the hope thnt the chnngr' of sir might bal 
boae6t:ial, and died there in tbe arms of Ituver 
on 13 Not. 1649. TTie dnle i- lixwi hy tho 
Statement in thu'Vdra HiMoria'tliat Faeius 
diwl OB thu Ides of NoTembor. Fsgiiia Bad 
been appointed render in II>:ibrew at. Oiun- 
bridge, and had written portions of a courso 
iif Wtuntiou laaiah, when the fever attacked 
him. On 2& Sept. he was auigned a mtUHon 
of 100/. p>T annum hy the king. He was 
buried in St. Michael's Church in Csmbridgv. 
but his body wiw •?thiinun:L in Qtujfn Mary's 
reign and publicly huml. Tlir^e years lat«r, 
OR Q.ii9eii Kituilielh's accMsion, his botKiiirs 
wervi formally and publicly reMored, Feb. 
1557. ^F')r i'urthvr particulani see DfCEH.] 

[Vita PniUi t'atrii, Thm>l»gi pittato ntque lio- 
gn»nim ('■>gnitinn«' cuy-IIcaciiHinii, pr^r ininistrcM 
aliqunL Ei'cloua ArHBotiam. «»ro «L brevil«r 
dtFcripla. )irioied in u bosk euiitlcd ' Hi»fjria 
Virrn: da vita, obitu. sepuitora, aecoaslioaa 
ba.Tc">E<i«. . . . D. Martini Buceti etFaaU Fh^ii 
. . .' SlmsburK. iM. This book wu «ditM 
by Conrsd Unlwrt, Ducer'A secretary : it coo- 
fniuM n liitl of all Fagiui>'»nuincn)us worlu. which 
ia primed in ittrypo's .McmorjaU of Arefabishop 
Craninar. p. 8I.V Tha part of Hubert's book 
wltich r«lf>ta« to the burning rrnd rostitulioo of 
hoiiimm tnu tmiwljiled into En^Iiih by .Arthur 
OotJrn?, ami pnblinWI id IiOaijan in 1663. 3m 
lulxii M^I<;hior AriAm'i Vjur Tkeolo([arum, I'rank- 
furt, 1705; Noavi-lle Dingraphie Qiointlo, rol. 
ZTU. ; Cooper's Atheas! CantabrifiaiMca, i. 9.S; 
AUfremHoe druUcIie Bioxrapliie. rot. vi.; Uaaif's 
La Krani'e Prolemanta, Fans, 1862, ii). 71 : and 
the iodex to Strype'it works tmdw * Fagias.'] 

R. B, 

FAHEY, JAMKS {18(M-1SB6>, water. 
colour painter, watt boru at Paddiogton. then 
avilln^'^ near London, in April t^U.nnd at 
first fitudied engreving under bia uncle, Joht 
8waine. .\ft*'rw«rdit h" h«*canip a puptl 
Ooorgn Jkliarf, and ihen went lo Parii*, wht^r 
he studied from the life, nnd made full- 
drawing* of dipMCtions, which be reprodn 
on ^lone for the use of nnatomicnl c«tudi'iii:! 
Ilia earlicflt exhihitMl work, a ' Portrait of i 
young Quuil«nan.' appuart'd at tha Rovs 
Acad«my in I^'J5, and was followMl in \&'J 
by drawmgH of the diurrh of i^U .Tacrjues 
Ifi^'ppe Hud the cathinlral of Notr«»-T)«me 
Pans. Between this time and I8.TB he roni 
Iributed aevetnl purtraits and landscapes it 
watei'-coloars lo thf i-xhihiiinntor tlir Roya 
Academy, tbe Brilisli lustitution, and 



i 




Society of nritiah ArtistH. Mpnowbile thi? 
fautnt ifsdf Englinb sevnvry kii Kim In* iltf);m« 
to JrTott? hitoftclf (Ttclusivi'lv I^ Undfcapc 

FkitiliD^, and in WM he joii»> J the A*«ncin.t<tl 
uni«r« in \Viit.»r-0>Iuiir*, out of which was 
fomx^ in 1835 tin; New Society of I'sint-rw 
in WAier-Colours (now the Itoyal rmtiliiUt 
of PaiottfT* iu WaLur-Culours), which held 
iU fir>t three cxhiMlion^ id ICxet^r Hull, and 
to l83f< removed lo Tall Mall, when Fahtty 
bpcame he »ix-n-tury. Tiiie uflicv be holil 
Hittil l>^r4, and diachar^fd it* duties witli 
Wicb tact and devotion. IIi« works, mutttly 
landicaiMt compwitiim*, in irhirh Im Jduto- 
ducad nifurea luid groupa, were M)ldom abacnt 
from its exbibitiotu, and bis oHtcinl iw>rvii»-jt 
■w*^- '-"'• -iTrjnwilhput itiiy nmuaermtioo. 
In '', and lU.^? be again aent land- 

,„ .. .11^3 lo th<> Itoyal Acadeny,and in 
m« Kppuiiit<.-d dniwing-moMer at the 
nyTnylora' Schoo!, fromwhiclipoM ho 
nrttred with' a puasion after t.wiiuty-sev«ti 
««ars* Mr^-ic£. tie abtu paintvd occaBionfllly 
01 nil, and exhibited two pietiirea at th** 
British Instiliuion in 18S] nml 18^2. Kniify 
died atTbe iiranee, Shenhftrd'B Kiiah OrBeti, 
L(iodoa,ll Dec, l!<WA. Uisson, Mr.t^lwrmi 
Unary t'Ah«y, it well known •» a (lainKT in 
w«t«r-coloun, 

[Athonauin. 1895, ij. SU; I Ua.'itrai«d tendon 
Newh za Dec iSSh. wilh ptrUait ; Kxliibition 
Cat«lafpHa of the Roj-al Amdcmy, itritiBli In- 
■UtUton. Society of Hritish Artist*, nnd Now 
flodc^vf Moiorain'Wiitei^Coloun. 182^-81.1 

H. K. G, 
PAHIE, 8iK Wn.UAM OIIAItLI-S 
(170&-183.')|.vicL>^dtDiraI,<)f tin IriKb fiimily 
MTtllM at Hi. (Jlimtiiphi-r'x, wli^rt? hiH fafhir 
w*« jiidjii? of the viri^-admiralty fourt, cn- 
Ut">1 thf novy in 1777, ud board I liu Si--afurd, 
witJi Captain C^olpoyx, and iiflt-nvanlN in tlu^ 
Iloyal OporiTf". ui (frtober IT/l) ha wne ap- 

ST > 8«ndwir-h, bearing lh« fliig of 

ir < . -:lnfT,aiidwiist>re0eiitatthedi>- 

l«a( uf l^ii^unof^CapeSt A'lncent.aad in (he 
Mfcrrtl actMrui with TV Citiichcnon 17 April 
and U> ■I'd Hi May 1780. In Aiinunt I7t»0 
ho vtM a)ipoint(^'d acting lit-at^nant of tho 
Jill' ':ich bowuproMHic ialboactioo 

mR " ou 3S April 17HI. and at Ut. 

ChT 'n :;(J Jan. lfSl>. Un account 

of .nowh-dtfi! In* wiw hfliTwiirdi' 

•etr 'inmunii'Bte with the g&r- 

ris' Hiil.wid on the socond 

^ .jj..i.tilit lo rff^in his xhip — 

pntontr lo Ben ni ver>' Bbort notice 

:! i>u, SiHrct.. Vls*y)PS7^ — he gave 

liimn-.U' up lo lite Kr*!nch gutural, but was 

jMTuiiltdd l'.idi-|Mir1. Ilpfvjuiued the UiibmII 

at Ht. Liu-ia. and wili jTiMeiu io tliu actions 

. lo Uvwanl uf Di'iniuii-a OB 9 and 12 Ainil. 



In January 1763 bo was coolirmed in the 

I ntuk uf lieutenant, but ruinaiiwd with bia 
' family ul St. Chrifltopher's till the outbtnak 
iiftJip war with France in 17!^% whoa he was 
Btipninred to the 7><'brA aloop with Captain 
Ilobert Faulknor [q. v,], in which he took 
tMTt in thi- brilliant auatilt on Fort ICoyal. 
Sir John Jervis oDnwqueotly •pp«iiii«d liiui 
to the flaeship, tho Ooyne, aoa on & Auff. 
promot«d nim to hv oommander of the Wool- 
wich. On '2 Feb. 17W be wm poU-ei to th« 
cammnnd of the Pcrdrix of 'J'2 guns, in which 
liu cuuttiiUL-d unt il i^lio vfon paid ufT iii August 
17UH. In 1804 Fahi« was avain sent out to 
the Wwt ludias in cummanJuf thti Uyrona, 
from yrliicii, in IHOo, bf wok inovad inio tht* 
Amelia, and a(,:iiin, in 1B06, into the Ktlia- 
lion, in which »bip!u> ajwi«tt>d at the capture 
of the Ooniiib Wiist Indid inlands by Sir 
Alexander Cochrane in l>i?ceniber iH07. In 
Norembor 1806 he was appointed to the 
Belle Isle of 74 ^uns, one of (be aquadron 
which reduced Martinique in February 1800. 
H^ afturwank i-xcluui|:vd with Conunudore 
Cockburn into the Pompfie, rimplovnd in 
April 1809 in the blockade of three French 
aIiijh which had Hnobiimd in thn rondslL'ad 
of the Saintes. On the ni|fht of 14 April 
they put to wa, cl'j^uly followed by the 
I [asard and Tlncruit aloops and the I'ompffc, 
the rest of the sqiuidron beioj; at a conaiocr^ 
abb-: diMance. Tho eha»c conlinupd during 
the l>'5th. At nightfall the Freuch aliip« 
separated; the Pomp^c and her little cou- 
Htirls ntlnch-*d I luiuiM-lruM to (lie HuutiMult : 
and, maialytttrough the [wmUtouL galtaiilry 
of Captain Charlca Napier [(\. v.] of the Ro- 
4n'iiit,a«Kiiit>^l townixU I bf cIo'x> by thvC'aslor 
frijrtit'-, brought her lo action about four 
o'clock on the mumine of the I7th,and cap- 
tured )w-r aftmiHhitrjii.'oniliiit lantingan honr 
andnhalf(JAHK8,.Var./riV/.18t]0,r.l9). In 
the following Akiguxt I'ahie wah appointed 
to :hp Kautp'tiilt, which bad been coiumiit- 
noned aa the Aberci^imhy ; in November hi"! 
waa ordered to wear a brond pcnnaut . and in 
Fi;bniary 1^10 astistud in ihu rwiuctiou of 
Guorlfloape, from which he waa aent bv 
Cochrane to taku po«M»sioo of St. Jlarlia s 
and St. KuAtatiiu. In Juna he .<uiikd for 
England in cbarse uf araliuble convoy, and 
the Abercromby having betn rr>fiUed, in l)p- 
oembar he joined the flag of Sir Ocorgn 
JJkrkeley at Lisbon. During tbe throe fol- 
lowing v^ar* he commandrd tbp .MwrcrombT 
in the Cluinnel and the ilay "f Biacay, an^ 
tnl8l6wasappotnted lot he .Malta, which, on 
thu liMaiM; of Ronapartn from Klba, wait sent 
out to trie Mediterranean, wbire Fabie wan 
innployed fur some monthx a« senior officer 
un the cua8l of Italy, a avrvice fvr which tb« 



Fairbairn 



Fairbairn 



l[m(^ of tli« Two Strilit-i iiominatM liiiu a. 
fommiiDdur of tb« order of St. honlinaod 
and Ment. Fabie aluinM ttoK rank on 
12 Auf;. 1^10, nnd tn Jitniuiry 18^ vim ap- 
pointviil cnmituuidtfiMn-cliiHf on the Leeward 
IbIkikU atation, from which in tbo foUowiog 
year bewns wnt tolltilirai. Wilb tbo cIom 
of bin cnmrnflnd, in Se|)t(<inb«>rlA24,hi9 active 
Mreer terminared. laOclolwr ho waa oomi* 
oaled a K.C.U., nnd b<'ciun<« tt virv-admiral 
on m July IrCiO. In bin intArvnb of half- 
pny, and on hi» rr-tin>inent., he liTed almiwl 
ontinrl}- in ili« West Indicn. whrr* h« died, 
at IWiniKla.oQ 11 Jon. lt*X.\. He was twice 
married, first, to Elisabeth It^nin Hoylip-r. 
daughli.T of Mr. WilUdin Hi^rligi-r <}f Ht. 
Kiutatiua; and aecondlr, to Vary Katbcr 
Harvej, daughter of toe Hon. Aujcu^tiui 
'WnUnm Harvcj, ntitubor of council of B^r- 
miida. 



[llaIf«'H S»v»1 Biog. IT. 34; Marsbala Koy. 
IT. Btug. ij. (rol, i. pt ii.) 7lA.] J. K. L. 



NaT 



FAIRBAIRN, P.VTRICK, P.I). (leOS- 

]R74>. tbi-olnf;itiii, >Kint on 'JS Jan. iBOTi, at 
HallTbnrton in the pariah of Greenlav,Ikr- 
wick«hirf, w«» am of .lulin Kairbttirn, n far- 
tner. Aftfrsome education (It parish nchoiilji, 
be entered tbo university of tidiubur^b in 
1818, and bfrCamo tutor in tlnv familr of the 
Kttv.TliooiasJobnstoDe of Dairy. Infltieneed 
greatly by his mothi.T, h«- t!ntiT«d on the 
usual course of etudy for the niini«m-, and 
was licfDBed to pivach in I8'.1t. lit? sjient 
8011M; timu as tutor in ibu family of Caj'lain 
Balf'iiir, a hirge! pr<i|trii-tor in Orkni'v, and 
in iK.'iO be waa presented by the crown to 
tho parlianienlnry |iari*h of Norlli R<>nald«> 
hnv in I he ( >rl<u<iy lalaiidti. The iirsijilr 
hail Ibe reputation of being wild, and even 
' wrwkerM, but a ni»rk<.-d impniv^ment wii» 
(iffpflnfl thmui^'h FhirljaimV dpvot<sl laljonr^ 
At the same lime b>7 mrrivd on a careful 
course of specific study, and f^inod a tborous'h 
iiouuiunt«ac« with ]lebrvwand4.h-nnan. In 
18S6hfiwaBlnui!latvdloRnil^on,Gla.ifrow, 
whvrvoMi'of the m-wchurdu-it, (.Twlcd tindur 
1 hf niifpiees of Dr. Cbalmero. had b<*n placid, 
and in 1^0 to Saltun lu Kaal Lolbiau. the 
pflrixb of wbt«h )>r. (lilbi-rl. Hurn>-t had lin-n 
minister. Atladied to the priur-ipleo of the 
free church, Fairbairn left the establiHlied 
church in \M^. and baumiv ininiii1(T of thv 
IWecbureb in liie aamo parish. In It^l'* and 
llU7 be published Ihoflnt and SM^ond volumes 
TUpeclivcly of a work eotitlnl 'The TS-jto- 
logy of SLTipture,' tlw? dnai^n of which waa 
to scttlu dcfinilo iirincipira for the interpra- 
talion ofthb aymbidii-al |iartB of thi' Biblv. 

hi \i*&& Fairbairn w*ns amminled bv the 
gvuarai Mwambly of tbu free ouurcb proFivesor 



(if divinily in their lht>ol(i|;ioa] eoltvfia al 
Abeidi'eiL While Iw was m this offi 
uniTeriitT of Gtaagow conferred on 
de^M) of P.D. In IBM hs wu In 
to the free church college of Qbuffow, and 
4 Nov. he 'wssappoiDtcdpnneiiMl. In 1 
hv was vlvctol moderator or tb^ gvty 
8»9embly. In }M7 hn «*aB ajipainenrone t 
a deDiilution to visit prwsby terian churches i 
the United Stales. He wa.* oni: of tli^ cm: 
pony for ivviwng the Old Tefitameni Bcri]»- 
tures, attended moet of the me^tin^lill near 
his death, and bestowed on bL^ work mu 
can.*ful <iiwlv. He died verir' suddeiUy n 
the ni/fbt o^ 6 Aug. lt*74. He was twSo<J 
marrii'd. (irM. on i" «artb l^'l3, to -MarKar^t 
Ilavfnir I'ilcaim, who died D l>ec. l«oi'. 

[''uirbaim was one of the most sTrlvmatic, 
laborious, and ix-m'viTing of niuilent*. In 
ronnwtioii with Clark's 'Biblical Cabinet' 
and ' Foreiffn Theological ].,ihn»ry' bv traxw- 
lat«d in whole or in part sei'eml worka from 
tlie (.terman, the most important ot which 
were nenfp»tL>Db«rg'a 'Commentary on the 
l^udutSi'und the Mine author's ' Commr^ntGrr 
on the Itevelalion of St. John.' li ( 

to his * T^-polopj- of Sciipcuni,' he [■ 
1. '.TonaL.hi* Life, fliaracter, utiJ JUvnuu,' 
1S19. 2. ' Ezekiel. and the Book of hb Pm- 
pbecy,' 18&1. S, ' Prophivy, viewi-d in its 
I)i«tinctiv>> Xature, itJ^ spedal Puni^ionnand 
Propt'rluivrpretation,'l)*50. 4. 'nermeow 
tica! Manual, or Introduction to tbo ( 'ritic. 
Study of the Scripjuna of the New Te»la-' 
ment,' 18o^. d. 'The Kevelution of l.itw in 
Scrimure,' being the Cunuinfiham Lectuns 
for 1»W. R. ' The I'astomI Kpiatl** of St. 
PauI,'lW4. 7. ' Pastoral Thwlopy: a Tnv- 
tise ou thv Ulllc-.- and Dutiet- of t he Christ Ian 
Paiitor'tpiBthumouo), H76. Fairbairn lik'^ 
wise discliargml tlie luburiatts oBicfl of udil'W 
of thv ' Imperial Hibl« Dictionary,' and con- 
tributed miuy important atliueB to tb« 
work. 

In his exc^ticul works Fairlioim »how 
not a little of the awiduity of the (Jenua 
controtlMl, however, by cautious judgm^, 
aud profound regiM for the a»*tt*ni oft-vai 
irclical doctrine, lie waa f.-^ •■ra 

amutift bis friends fur tbo u; - Q 

p'nuinenes.4 of his cJiaracter, hi- ini'ndl 
disposition, nod iinal&cUKL bearing. Uf 
Terj' powerful plivsiCKl frame and roinninn 
ing appearanrt;, \/; wan alwaTS ri'ady fi 
the humblest acts of service, and m a pi 
feMOr waa alike honoured and loved k^ 
nudenls. 

(Seal's Fasti. pt, t. 41 Ul 2, pL Hi. M : W 
•kctcb pTcdiod to I^aMteml Tlwulunr, liy 
Bar. JamM Dodda ; pcraooal ksraMifaJ 




Fairbairn 



'23 



Faii'bairn 



¥ 




PAIRBAIRX, Sib I'ETER (i;iKI-1861), 
eegiaf^r uad iuventor, ^ounceat brotlier of 
fiir William l-AirlMUTit L<J> T-Jt '"'''* bom it 
Krlf*) in Ruxburffbaliiri: m Smteinber 1799. 
Hi< bad little nltii-Ation, mid itta htLer ob- 
uuned A aitnntian for bim in \^l 1 in iLc I'crcy 
Wxin cuUivrr «t Ni-wcawtle-wn-Tyiir!. Fur 
Uuvn yMn ]'et<T continued Bt Perry Main, 
uutil, Nt tbp flge of fourtuBii, lip wu ajipivu- 
ticwl to ■ miirwriijtil- imd rngint-.T in Nitw- 
ctnlo, for which Itufiinntw ho KeemiMl I0 faAve 
apacnliAr 'bent.' I It> walked every dny from 
p. . "' ■" tlf.iind the"l>rcaltf«st- 

eii *liU i^reeervfd l>ythe 

£unuy. I'Mrnii^ iim upprcnticeehip ho RUkdo 
t^BoquuntaDci.- uf Mr. ilMldswoith Qf Ul&»- 
pTV, H oiectuuiic, ft well-known constriic- 
lor (if outton madilntin,-, imdvr wlium bu wu 
plATod *» fi>n-ninn,i:ll imnli-h- b<'in^u{>pointad 
treVPllcT to the firm. In \H-J\ he left Str. 
Hold««rOTth's wn-ice to lnUr 11 r-il.untifin on 
thfi oontineot. In I-'raoce ha reroaiiied a 
tvelvciiKiQth, Bcquirins" a twlinii-Kl knnw- 
J«I^ of the native iniin^^In^ and nfl^r s 
■tmilu neriotl in th^' AloiicLrater e&tabliab- 
metil of his brother Wiliiau accepted u pnrt- 
nanfajp with hi« furmvr employer, Uoldd- 
wnrtb. lu \S:>H he l«ll Ulas||^W and began 
bnnDBM in Lcfdf ne u machinu niaktT. H« 
Wd no irajntal; but. 1.4^-(U wk' Ihxu in thn 
tirai flush of ita tn&nufact urinjr proHperity. 
Fairbairn had already dovuliv! n pnmt •Im} iif 
ftlti-nii'in tfi ll&v-i>pinninfr mnrhineTy, which 
lud b«en developed in Leeds by (.iirard, a 
Frvnch invcnt^ir. l-'iiirhatri) Mipfpi'sKyl an 
ininntvt>iiu>tit by which the process was aim- 

iQr«l and a (^>at auvin^t etbvU-d. lie ffO- 
lo «»■' ■■' ■'"<■ -r^'ntllf* iiwii«d<)f forty, 
to *ub"i - for thf old ' falleri ' 

'pilU.' J ' ■._! .son.aGlft.^iiiow worlt- 
man, joiuw) bim in pcrf<.>c<in)i lh<.^ luitcbiiif, 
which wiw comstTuclciJ undtr (Treat ditticid- 
ti«8 ia a small room in Uidy L^nv, Ixi-dfi. 
Mr ManJiKlt, a pnKuint'nt lutal flnx-^piiuiir, 
|ir(uni!w^ tu rv^nlice hhi old inochiam witli 
Fairbaim's a» fiist aa ihpy n»idd b«* tnmii! 
0111. Fairbairn said thai, ho had 'noiiher 
woTk«hn|i nor moo^y.' Marshsll th>avupoii 
BOOnura^!^ him to talic the 'WcUinptnn 
foundry at llu* Ni-w Itoad Kud, which niu 
then tu let. Fairluuni'it enertfy soon mnde him 
iadvpcitdiml of Maruhnll'ti f^upp'jrU Furihvr 
in-.] 1 "1 wi-r*« iiilrodiiowi. Ho con- 

Ft. illoti K« utdl iH flax mAchinury 

Ti ...,,(,....; 1,',- hi*iroprov**uimlain 

tn I oc a notnhlo force in 

til 1 , c maniifaclurm. Hie 

ill in tbu rovinft-frainc, and bis 

a-lij . : what ia known aa the' difler^n- 

tial tnotiim ' lo it, hia tuii-t^'-ut m working lh« 
' Htvw gill ' DHiijoti, and hill introduction of 




thi: rotary gill, were all important fudon ia 

tho growth of mcchaaical efficiency. Hi» 
invirntious includvd maehinea for pi«|«rin^l 
and bpinntng silk wu^te, and impiTtremeiita 
ill toacliinnry for making rone yani. 'Tim 
art of conRtructinfT Mi^neenng tooU waft 
aftfrwanlK included in tbv indiutnal fabri- 
cation .i of thft Wi'llinptnn fouadrj-, and the 
Crimean war gave aii imjict iih to tnis branch 
of tbu biiHtnPM, He roiiatructed lari^ ma- 
chini^ii, titiltiii.'il at Woolwich and Kntiuld, 
for the purposes of ciittia||[, twisting, boring, 
and tearing iron and steel ; cannnn-rirlinff 
niachin«», milling macliine?, pinning and 
alotcing machines, &c. lli-t foundry Imd be- 
couh: a friuauiic ctmcern bvfori' hie dualh, on 
4 Jan. Idbl. FairlMim wiM a piiblic-tipirilMl 
and highly respected cilieen of Letnk. In 
18Brt he wftjt <-iectf>d to tho town c<)uncil, in 
which ha iiat. until 1^)2. miigning in lluiC 
ypiir on account of the inereaaing demands 
of bin hufunrM. In ^t<^t^ he wix» elected an 
alderman, and, after being appoiutiiHl u ma- 
giitratf, was mayor in lHn7~ti and 18>V>-0. 
The town ball was opened by cho qu><i>D uud 
tho priiicie consort durin([ hia niavoTalty,aiid 
Fairbairn, who distinguished himself a^ a 
host, recivt-d Llie hountir of knightliood. 
During; his mayomlty the Itrilioh AasociatJon 
vixiti'd I..freil)<, Ho pniwntvd to tin.* town 
hall, at a ccfit of l,U(X)f., a atatua of the 
i]tii.«>n by Nobli*. The inbabitant« of Leeds 
siih.icrih^d for a portrait of Fairbaini hy Sir 
Frannris Grant, which hanga in tho council 
chamber, and for a bronxo atalue of him b^ 
Nohle. Fairbairn wu.s twice married, hw 
tirat wife, hr whom be had out* mm and two 
danghturs, being Margaret, daushtcr of Mr. 
lOjbert Koumtdy of Glaifg^jw; lilie dii-d in 
\^i:t. In If=l5& be married Ibicliel .>Viinc, 
fourth daughter of Mr. R. W. Brindling, 
wliOKiirrlvr.'d him. 

[Lifeof SirVr.Fairfmim; BainVit Yorlwhirc, 
Pait and Present ; Fortnns inade in Bu*ii»«ii ; 
IVmoo's lliMury uf I<eodf, Bradford, WalioC«.ld, 
&c.. 1810; loml iiewi'piipon^ &e.] J, H-y. 

PAIKBAIRN, Sib WILLIAM (1783- 
18" J), ciiginctr, wai^ bom at Kel«o, liox- 
burjthshire. on li* I'Vb. 1789. llis father, 
Andrew Fairbairn, was a fann-acrrant and 
au expert ploughman : had been iwpree«<ii 
durini,' tho American war, and on return- 
ing to Scotland marriud tbe daughter of 
a Jftdbiirj^h tnidvmiiaii, named Ilmdrrunn, 
hy whom tut had five ^ildren. Mrs. Faiiv 
bairn, thougli a dwlicate woman, was a good 
hnuBi^wifi", and till IfltU itpun and manufac- 
tured till the clothes of the family, William 
learnt his letleM from onu ' bowed Johnnie 
Ker,' oikI acquired a lititu nritbmvtic and 



Fairbairn 



»»* 



Fairbairn 



'elementary knowledge at cbe fMrinh Khoal. 
HJK fsthiT rnrmed three handred u-res for n 
time under I^rd Scftfortli with the n««i«- 
aooe vf the €lder cbitdrvn, wiiiU- William 
had to tAk« ciiro of bu di^licaU! brotb«r, 
Peter [q. t.I To save thu trouble ot carry- 
iiu; the child he coiMiniciMd h 'wagtiti' wiih 
a KV simple tooU, nnd llion look to linildiiiif 
brrnt« and litUe lailU. Ik aflt.Tw«rdB hnd 
A litlli; plain schooling at Mullocliy. under 
a Sir. iJonald Fruser, and tben learn: book- 
ht-eping under an uncle who kwpt n (whool 
at unln«liic[e. Wlir-u fourteen y<«rs old he 

C' it-d Iiis fiimily al Kslso, wber^ tbey had 
n settled by tbp fAthor, wlo was mnnng- 
iug H furm ni^ar Ko&r<>4>boro{igti. William 
ffol i'mjilfiynii^nr at Ha. n wetk, until ho wait 
laid up bv nil accident, upon a bridge tbt;n 
being built by Honnic. ! 

Towards the wid of 1803 tbe uldiT Fair- ' 
bairn moTcd with bi* family to a fnnn nt'ar 
Newcaiile-on-Tyne btdongiiig to tlw Percy 
Ifsin colliery. Williutu 'waa (•mpluvetl in l)i<( 
oollipry, ana on 'Ji Mnroh 1801 wm appren- 
ticed lo Jubn Itobiuson, millwTiglil. ilv 
soonl Ilia leiHUK in reading, tlir«r' day* in 
tbM wri'k Wine syfltemntii-ally allt>it«d to 
tnatlifinaticn] studies and the otbera to gene- 
ral lilvruture. lie alito applifd liii^ mfchmiical 
in^>nuity to the conalructiun of au omrry, 
Beiii^ njipoin[L>d to tbe cam of ibo onifinpi! al 
tlic cotlipry he got inoru tinu- fur rr'iulimf, and 
becatuu a luumuor of tbeShiold'i library. Hpre 
be becanie«fri"ndof (Iiijrgi'Htt-pln.'n*oii. At 
lh« imdrtf liis«pprpnrireflhip,iii Mrn-fh 1811, 
he ohtttintil cmplovnienl as a luUlwrisbt at 
NewcnjttIp.nndaft*TwnriiiiintliwC'^n*triirtioii 
of Kotne works at llwllingTon, wli-^re lie met 
hi* futum n'ifv. The wnrk* liwinjj finii^hed, 
be sailed fnr I/mdon in Dm^mhcr I'^ll with 
a follow-worlnnaii iiatned Uo^h;- Tbev ob- 
tained umpUiymcnt uttor »ome diffictiltics. 
A cler(r>-mau nainod. Hall iutruJuceJ Fuir- 
huim to the Society of Arts and to Tiiloch, 
tln.>fuuiid<Tof'Til!ocliVl'bilu«iphical >ratni- 
xirn-,' And employiil liiiu in ihf c»nKtriictinn 
of a KU'ainH'Ugitie fnr digging. Tbe luarbino 
failed aflcr alMtOTbin^ some of FairlminrN 
«aving«. He tnad« aomctbing by o i«tii«(r(> 
macbine, and set out for Uatli and Duldin. 
whf^re byOciobcrlt'iabehnd finiBbedD nail 
machine, nnd tWn w«nt toMauebestcr. Sfm 
afloTWard* ho marrit'd Dorotbv, younpest 
tlaugbt*^ of John .Mar, a Kflso bur^v^s. 
ilo was emtiUiynd by a maiilcr wilb whom 
in 1817 be lui^ «oni6 diBajrrwment about a 
new Itbu-kfrttin brid(re ot Mrinclifulrr, and 
thcmi)>aR set up in narrn'-n>hi|> wltli nn old 
ohopiuale, .lanieB Lillie. Tbey s'vm ucquirwl 
a gorid rrpiiUlton by jiryvidinif thr' iii/ioliiixry 
tot a cottoa-mill, and their bualneas rapidly 



incroaaed, In 1824 Fairbairn went to Zurich 
to erect two water-millB. Uy nn ingvnioua 
MOtrivnnco be Aumwant^fl thf> dimcaltiea 
du« to tbv irregular supply of water, and 
coDstruirled wbecUwhicn worked necularly 
wbatftviT ih'j bcipbt of ibw river, lly 1880 
Fairbairn and Lillie bad a clear balance of 
near 40.00(l/., and weru obU bu«idm to in* 
crroae thvir work« to oi to unploy tbr«e 
hundred handn. 

Fairbairn bfcanie a nuiuibpr of tlw Iiulitu- 
tiun of Civil Kngiiu-crH tu 18;iU. 11^ nov 
b^n tn inruati^te the projxirties of iron 
boat* with a special view to improving tlw; 
system of canal traction. His partner waa 
not favourable (■> the experiment* which he 
undertook for the F'orth ond Clyde Cotnpany. 
Thv puldicalioii of ht» reHultti bmu^bt him 
the thanks of tbe institution, and the com- 
pany employed him lu cuustruct a light iron 
piLvwitn^boa't calle<1 the Lord Dtindaa, which 
ran (or two years between Port Uundae, 
(iiloxgow, and Port Fgliiitoun, Kdinburgb. 

FAirbnim and Litlie loat much at thtfl timu 
in a speculation Ibr starting a cntltuj-miii, 
which cripplL-d their rt-sourwa as niillwrighta 
and led to a diasclutitm of tbe partnenbip, 
Lillie sotting up in oppoailion to Fairhnini. 
Fairbairn iidw iV'voteu his energies to ship- 
building. lt<> tinit built bia shipa inM-ctionft 
at MancbostOT, but in li^ decided to lake 
work>i at Millwall, I'uplar, lu partnership 
with an nld pupil, Andrew Murray, lie 
waa eii])]i'?rl<^'l bv gdri'niini'nt aud lue Kaat 
India ('nmnany, but found the atrain loo 
great and auandoned tbe Millwall >^tabli8li- 
ment, wh.-re two thousand handn were Pin- 
plnyed. At Manchester he iiudert'jok mauy 
engineering scbemea, expiriment'^ on lb" 
properties of imn, and, to mc*'t a strike of bis 
workm'^n, introducwd the riveting machine, 
which bna mado a revolution in rh« manu- 
facture uf boiler*. He took ^pvat intermt in 
quentioiu connected with boilers, and founded 
an associatioD for cbo {wavaotioQ of boiler 
explosion*. 

TnlSSPhiiiBapectedthvgovorQUimit worka 

at Constantincniie, anil wa> diiiirated by tlia 

I aultan, who iiIho gave him a (irman to Ira 

' 'chii'f fiibricator'ofmnehin"r^'fiirtheTurki*h 

i jro^-omment in England. He wn.s con.'fulled 

I in It^') UlMin the drainage of tbe tlaarlfra 

lake. In 1841 ho gave ndvie<' to the Kniiliah 

' ffOYommont upon the preveution of Bccidenta 

. by tnnebinerv. In IH4t' h<^t<K)l( out » patent 

(17 July, Ma 0100) fur iuiprovt"menti i 

the iTOtuilruclion of iron s1u|«, which provi 

(00 tronblefiomo for general appliMtion. H* 

read a rHpiT on thn ppcvi-ntiofi of amoktf 

I hefiit* tftf British .Awni'iation at York lu 

1 1841 When StephooBon designed tbv tuba- 



4 



Fairbaim 



"5 



Fairborne 



p 



Imr brifl^^ ftt thf^ Mc^uiti ^tmitA h' consnltcHl | 
I*vrt«im, who nuuie nuinyt!Xp'?rirnwnu, mi'l I 
wu ultiniBlfly ft]-poiiitt.'<l !•■ etip^rint«ni] the , 
cnoirtrnrrinn <if tin; brit^re •in coiijuuctjon 
vi- nttiii. Tbe l.ubo ti-ii» tuceeM- 

fu: r. April 1^^ Muiunderstftikd- 

in^ inwn Bit to KairtMirnV pniCLM 

p.^ _avt> up bis appoint iDf lit, villi in 

1 W' '("(I'll ^'"^^ ' A n Accimni uf I hf C^>iirt niL^ 
lioD of lh«i Ilritiiiiiii* ntitl Canwar TiibiilAr 
BrirffM, Willi » f<>mirlf!lf Histyrj- uf llitlr 
pTOgn**,' coiilitiiiirijf III* nwii nccounl of tlie 
nSiur. in OfUiljLT 18-13 he look uut u paUiut 
for ihi' nf w uriDcipl<> of wnmglit-inm eirdet* 
lio had dcnwLxl lor iJte lind^e, nltlMUgli 
gtoplwtucNi •lured in thi< pRtt'nt. llo statod 
ta 1870 titat br had htiilt nnd dRsiffned 
Bouly II ttioaHoil bridges. In l^O-W b« 
minnittfd pluu, which, bowexfr, vere sot 
ft3r»pted, fur « bridge tiwr ihe Kliine ut 
ColdftiHi. I'nirbaira mule maay ioTMtign- 
tion* inio rhf propsrtii-^ of tliv ourtk's «ru>t 
iflconiunciiin wilii WiUiam llupkituf^. v.], 
tbe (1*mbridsi' niai Iii'inBl irian, and wb« ■ 
high aulboritT upon all m<.-<ihiuurtil and en- 
l{inn>rin){ problem!. 

Fnirliuirn cnnght s chill, from which he 
BBvw r»<ovi'rwI, At tin* nprning of the new 
boildih^ of ftweixs CoUep.* in 1870. 11* 
died li*An|t- Isr-lBtthe boiiftc rtf lii« »on-in- 
Uw, Mr. B«t(>inuu of Moor Park.Suirey. lie 
Wjw biirird nt Pre*l»ick, Northumbcriftnd. 

t-'iiirliutm had seven soiu and Iwu diiugh- 
Utn bv hi? wifi'. Hi- dtM-'lined a kniffbthood 
in I8tit, bill aocvpted a baronftiit^ in 1B66. 
In l**-W he IwiiKht th« Polyp.n, Ardwick, 
DMftr Monchottt^r, wlii>n> he livt'd tilt his 
dnUlltWul KCL-ivt-d manrtli«tiii)<iiiiih<Hl rifii- 
lor*. lie fyoh' iiftoii mi'l well nt ihti liriiish 
AiMocial ion ond fiinllar i]it>4>lint:fi. He serviKl 
mt jUT'jr iu the Ijondon i^xhibilinnii nf l*Vil 
and lH»l:,',«iid at the Porisfxhibition of ISThV 
Io1^Vihcwa»uiadi-n luenilxTof the L)<Kioii 
tif Flonour, and hf was ft forcifm mirmhcr of 
tl, " ,'.i' of Fmofx. He received th« 

ii of tlu- Knynl Socipiy in 1660, 

ami wr.s pr>--idi'ul, (if tlu- Uritiah AMOciatiun 
io l^M. Mo n-ri-Jvi^d ihn hnoorary LL.lJ. 
deiTm' **t Kdinhurtrh in 1660 and of Cam- 
brKltfO in l<^i'J. Il<- wa« [in->i'tcnt of lht< 
tniMtulionn' \t.*^.r,iT; ■:.! I'r,'iii.'.-r5 in IRM. 
uid »>f iImt md rhiliw 

anphicol Sl -'AX A full 

lilt of hu^ n in, ■■!,:■' .lions to the 

'IVii.u.- !l I . ' ! -,v i.iy' ntid the 

I. -itic und loomed 

|. s Mr. I'.jk-. 

■ ' I ■ -ir W. Knirbairn, pt\rtlv written 1'y 
Im . .!.. !i;«d aiui ojBipIclol lij- W. Polo. 1S77; 
JleeaDDt of tlio rnnffruciion of ;h<> Dritanniii 
MdC«im/ Itriil([Ba, Ui'Ji daulaa'a Qcurge ai;d 




RobeK 5<teph<itiM0. and Induitrial Bio^Mphy; 
Jrtin, its lllttorj, PropirrtiojhA:.'.; I'ottanca mi»I« 
iu llciiiiiiiBa; ranoui u«pen> L-antril'Utiiit bf Kair- 
buirn to the proeoodings of vdvntiilv mviriivs.] 

J. lUy. 

FAJRBORNK Sir PALMKS (1614- 
1680), cfivt-nior of Tangierx. wan thi- win of 
Colowl Stafll'fd Fairborne- of N'ewDrk(//AW. 
Soe. i'uiil. viii. :iOft-9), and pr"bubly related 
to th.- Yorkshire family of tbnt tiamt*. Wb«n 
a lad hv fou>;hL lu a Mldier uf fortiinr* in ihi^ 
ddanee of C'andia (Orelv) a)niiii>t thi? Turk* 
(aBtetfc which laettrd uu and ofT for twi-nty 
Ti-ara, IMH-IW), and, in token of the valour 
lie there displaved, a Turk'ii head wm aftcr- 
wani* intliirt<>^ in hU armafwe grant or cou* 
flnnntion of nmiR, about IBi /, OranT'', iii. 63,^ 
by Sir II. Norroy), At the Hfs of suvea- 
te*n Kflirborncwaahftck in ICnf;Und (KsBrB, 
Mvn. Wftmvnatterirfuia, p. 03iW; epitAph on 
monument i. In the autumn of lliill he en- 
listed as A cupluin in the uewlv formed rogi- 
invnt called tb-- Tangii-nt Ki^'mpnt of Foot, 
nflerwanls <ho 2nd(Jueen'B, mm- tli(.- Queen's 
Vf<e*i Siiirey it^Ktmenl. The re^.'imenl idu»- 
ti>r(^ one ibouMUid aCrong, br«id<?« olficen, 
on PutniT Heath, 11 Uct., and Niile^l to 
parriiion 'fang-i'TS, undT tho couimand of the 
1^1 of Incbi'juiii, in Jiinuan- IflO^ |i>«e for 
those and other dvttuLi Colonel Daviso hiM 
toryof ihercgimenO. During the next fip-h- 
teen yeATs Fairborne took a prominenl part 
in the defvttce of Tnogiers, whirb wn^ •'iiM-it^-d 
to conatuit attack* from the Moors, receivings 
the honour of knighthood for hi« serrices 
(l^rTTRRi.1, Rtl of state AJiiir*, 1 36). By 
ttiftl he had ri»en to tlu- rank of major. In 
It.HJT he foudht a duel with a bnrt bur officer, 
wbiib tbrvatxnedtohare a fatal liTmiualiun 
had tlioy not been appantted and forced iniA a 
reconci lint ion. Theaceoiint KairNjrne pirea 
of thcplact'in hi* letters home iadi!pl(irnlil<i; 
in 16*J!' he write*: 'Tau}{ier nerep wba in u 
worse condition than at proaent. I hoi>e «tme 
cuvi» taken to rvmi<diuthtfi,ar eW tin* I,oriil 
have mercy upon tu' (Ooloxri. Dwix, i. v>'), 
ic) Tho soldiers were often in want of store* 
and virtual*, and con^laul de^tertious look 
place. Fairborni! rode on one oMasion alouo 
into tlie enemy's line*, aiid brouabt a 'Irnerlt.T" 
back in triumph on bi*hor»e(L'ri IW. lliiBl). 
In May ItTTO he was made joint dtjnity- 
pOTemor in the Absence of the Earl of inciii- 
qiiin, nod on the death {'21 Nov.) nf hia 
coadjutor, Colonel Allaop, he had lite sola 
command for the next two ynare. Undf 
Fairhnnia'H firm and wiiw rule great improve^^i 
menta took ylacv both in the discipline of 
the garrii^im and in the ronstrucliun of thit 
molt* for detenRo of tin* harttoiir. Uut ibi* 
pay bving two years and a quarter in amjara. 



** '^' 



•airborne 



iz6 



Fairborne 



dJAtnrbanoMOCCunedainongtheMtMiera. In 
Deoemlier 1877 a serioiu miitinr took plucv, 
which Fnirborne pmmpllv (juflli-d; wrwiirJt- 
ing a rauAket from tbo leadinir mutinecT, he 
Bbot bim dead on the spot. U« aflemriinii 
wrote hotD9 nvrnttin^ Utat any man shonlil 
have foUen by ois hand, but bopcKl thai the 
kingwould not condemn hi« b^l in )ii» t^-r- 
vice (i£. i. li^). In tbe spring of 1678 he 
went In Kngland. Two Tesre nflsr, t.'5 Mnrch 
IBJBO, tbo Miiors, tinder thoiT i.'ii>p-;:Mr. MuVy 
Hanui. blocka<I>Hl TanKivn, aiid Fairbonx.* 
nstumert early in April lo condurt the de^ 
fence us oolc gi}v«nior and cominnudcr-iu- 
cbiuf. In July a new goremop, the Earl of 
Oaaory, was appoimedovurFuirbcnia'ahoad, 
in Incbiqiiin'i) plar^. I^'nirlximai pi>tilinn«d 
in Aligned that 'tht> saiiU pittance of 500/. 
per nnnnm allowpd him n» criinn)i«nd«>r-iTi- 
diiof might not he taken airny. nor y#l biR 
pension, aa lbin((s atTaoKiers are thret> timen 
DA dear as in Enf^land.and he had not roMiwd 
u fartbiui; of pay' (i*. i. IGS-W). Oi*ory 
died oTi SO July, and Fatrbnme romainiad a^ 
sole defcnd<!r of Tangriers. Tlio Moon niadi> 
a dsvpervtv atlark in l)ctab«r. iiu tbit 2-lth 
thagnrernor, riding out of the town to Inspivt 
thodefeDCi'ti. lo'ik ]>iLri in a Hli^ht Kkircnish 
and wasmf^rtallv wounded by' a ffhawvplmt,' 
according to his epitaph, bat no account of 
the cngagemMit snyA that * hiding a ninn of 
undaunlw spirit, in cotirat^ and roeolution 
feaiing nothing, but rtill ridintrincvt'n' place 
of danger to animate bt« solaii>r!s and n*>vur 
oban^nff hta horae, the enemy did know 
Um, ana firing often, with an iinforliinalu 
•ad fntnl I'hiit woundivl him mnrlally ' {toM 
aceonnt of his death, I'A. i. 171, Ac.) After 
thr«e davs' ficlitinir, which Ibu dying gOToraor 
watched fnmi a balcony, lite Moors wen 
forced to raise the siege and ri'pulscd with 
great lom.wbileFairbnnui.lint^Tin^ till raven- 
ing (27 Oct.), «aw hia viotorioua troops Duirch 
into the town. An account la eiT»»n of bis 
^ing itpe^vb in a pnptr call«d * Th? Tanj^ers 
Aewutf,' bv John Ho^o, l(Gi<l,and nil agree in 
calling hiu) fl ' worthy, able, and bra\i.T officer ' 
(Shnrt'slJiaii/: 7'rt>ii/irrtStnt''J^ptrt,yD.W, 
*2fT Oct. IfiHty, p. ti.">4). ' a man of undaunu-d 
Tpsnliitinn and siiirit.'and 'of iiidL<fiilignbk> 
diligencw' (DiviH, i. I "71. l(y his wifc,iliii^ 
gaift l>c^■cr^■ ux (flint married to a Mr. Man- 
Hell), hel*Jt a larg* family in pntat ptiverty, 
but early in 1681 the king grantiMl L;\dy 
F'airhorat" an annuity of 500/. (.YofCT and 
QwnVji. i'nd aer. iv. Sol) ; their tlAinA »on, 
Stafford [<]. ▼.], bocnme a knight and reared- 
miral. l^y Fairhtinie afterwards n^mnrried 
(Piiflton, son of tbe fir«t h^irl uf Vamoiith). 
8boditt1 in 1(19B, »iii| wsh lim-i("J in H'»«t- 
minstfir jVbbey (CuBtmitt, AUrey Re^Ulert). 



I SIm nrvvtMl a monument in tbo nave of the 
'abbeytoFnirhorni'.wirhanopiMphbyllryden 
nwouuttui; hta exploita. Tkms yBani after 
Fairbornt>'H dt'ath Tangiera was abandoiked tit 
the Mix>r$,and the co«Uy fortiikniioua nuvd 
to the ground. 

(History of tha Snd Qiipen'a, now the Rovat 
Wft'rt Riimjr Kcgincnl, Iit U.-*'oI. John Darim, 
rnl. i. panim: Addlt. ^SaH. I5B93, f. 00. and 
I7i«l.f.H.fl£c.3 E. T.B. 

PAIBBORNE, SiH STAli-FOKil ((f, 

1742), ndmirel of the Heet, waa the cldeat 
Bonof.'ijir i'nluK-« Fairhome [({. v. J, governor 
ofTangiers. In Juu*! ItM'i StaJTonl was linti- 
t«nanl of iht* B(.>nad\'enturfl at Taugien, and 
dunng the illni-v nf liia raptain commanded 
tlii'xLip in a Hurccasfiil f-nnounter with 8omc 
SiiIIct- rnui.'Nnt Mamora(CilAlOtot'K,ii.94n.) 
< >n 1 2 July I fl80 lie was pn>niol«d to command 
I ho nnlf.Moon.a Sallee prixe, ami in August 
inS.S W&4 appointed to tbo Richmond, man 
which he waa moved into the Fairlax^ud, 
aft«r tbo rPToIution, into the Warnptt" of 
70 (ruD#, whiv-b ho commandi^l at tli« hAM)^ 
of Ikachy lU-ad, ;» June liEW. At tlio siegn 
ofC\rrk.tntheSepteml>erfo1lowing,hesi»v«d 
on aho<w umh-r Marllwrough, i>mh(ibly with 
a naval brigxie; in I^J he cnrnmamlod ibo 
Kliiabeth of 70 suns at the Wule of liar- 
flpiir, and in Iii98 the Monck of 52 gun* in 
the fle«t under Sir George Kook« [q. v.], 
which ou 19 June, while in charge of thv 
Sniyma convoy,wasMdiaulrousIyarattpred 
by the Fnnch off Cape St. Vincent (Ittrit* 
ciirrr, 7'ranMetimu at Sea, p.4fM). In 16dQ 
he commanded Iho Victx>ry, a llrKt-niti', and 
was moved out nf her into the Defiance, a 
third-rate, on 3 F«b. 169r)-6, * In command 
tJicouLwanl-bound trade in the Howns." On 
2'2 3Inroh be waa moved back Ofniin to the 
Victory: in June into the Ijondon, also m 
first-rate; and ahnnly after into the Alb«- 
[narlj", a (u«cond-rat«. Tbe*e rapid changca 
illiiiitnito the poculiar ineonvemencf of th<i 
B>-stem then in v<:^e of ]nh inj; a captain bb- 
cording to the rat« of the ship bo mmraandnd- 
Fatrborno wa« assured at tlic time (hat, oa 
tbey were made for the ad\-antagi' •.■>{ th« 
R-rvict), thvy should not be any prejudice Ut 
him ; but three yenn inUr h« wan atill iieli- 
tiouing the admiralty for compejiaation for 
the \t»ji hf> bad )i'i*tuined, amounting in 
par nlone to m^nrly 200/. (f'ltpfmn/ L-llrrg, 
13'Jidy \im, l» June IWiW). In Mny 1009 
be w&» appointed to the Torbay, but that 
ebip being found not ncwrly ready, he waa 
lmnsfcrT«d lo Ibe SuUolk, which ho cnm> 
mnDdexI till thv und of the ^fsr oa Aoninr 
otiiivr in Iho Ohwum fir al Sniltunid. In 
January 1700 ho was appointttJ lo the Til* 



Fairborne 

hary, !n wliicfa he -went to Xewfmindluid in 
rluu)^- of L-iiRvoy, antt to cit'ar tlit< cvauA of 
'V' Iirt went with convoy to 

Mwlilvrranwin. BvM»rch 
1 /\-i [1 «t Cmliit. anil llionc" iw- 

lunit^ ' 1. In iIiL- following June 

b* w» ].^.<ui'-,^.i io he rf*r-a>]inirftl of ibc 
bloi', anil Mome Liitl« limo later be was 
luiitrhlt-d. 

Id ITCri lie ma appointed, with Li» Aiur io 
the S; >!> r^, IO K iximmunt] in ibu fleet 
an . Mhirh Giiliil in tbc Rtcontpt 

OB ' ': i acbieved th« brilliant fruccv«a 

at Vi(jQ, iHi wliirh i.>r>r.ij>ioii h» mnvcil into 
lb# Gi««x,a?hiprif lighter dnugbt,bul doee 
D9f ae«ii) to hare Wen p<T«onaUy piiirngvd. 
il»'vra« aft/Twnni* left iitider Sir ('^lowjialey 
SboTi^l [*|-v.] tj> brin^ tbe \tTii^i> homp, a 
acrviee. wbitb, in spite of csccpliftnally bud 
wcKtliur, wilt mlIl-Iv nocompliihed by 17 Nov. 
In tlt^ rollow-ins year I'airhoriMJ wm promoted 
to be Tici<-aduiitul of tbe rut), and appointvd 
Io ^if^-ft in lli>.> >^nd fl«et durintf uie abort 
eon.- -' ■■ \dmiralQeorppChurcmU[q.v.], 
afi' "itii Uii Rao; >" thu.Ajwjruilion, 

b^> J. >,..'■! . n'^V'-ll in till- M<'dil4>rranAAn, and 
wiU) liim Ktum«l to England io November. 
From tbi- Dowiia tbe oqimdrun wns ordorvd 
tBto llic Tbamea, and oo th< evening of ibe 
'JUlh ancboredCir tbo tuglitoH'ttit' tiiiiill<«t. 
TboTB ibo great tttorni, wliidi brok« out lUv 
next tlar, Pjund tbi'tu. Vhvy were unabto 
tn vnisti, but in tbo rarly morainf^ of tbu 
S7Ul iW' A«ociBtion wo* blown tiolmitly 
froQi her ancbon, and, with the wind at 
W^W., wae drivpn ImljdfSMiIy acnmn ihu 
Nortb S<* to ibf coast, of Holland, wbencfl, 
after many dan^ora and narrow eecapea, abe 
at laat rpafliiHlOoilicnliiiTg, and, an«T rc- 
tStxin^. Wtt« nblf., not wiibnur great difficulty, 
to rvtuni Io the Tliami«i(JtriK"Ht-iT, p. (160; 
CiLiii50Cl, V, I4»l. in tlio following- year 
Fairbornv hoi-^ltMl Li* flag oa board thu 
SbnwMbiiri-, in I he fieot luider Shovell at 
Lisbon, anil, vu Hhovvll's^iog to lii» Mi^li- 
U'rianvikii, r'-maiiii'd in ^miimand of tbe ahip^i 
in tbi> ChannH. In I'Oii ho accomimnii'd 
Sh"*<'Il to thp M<-diU<rnuM>an, and wll^ tin— 
•lilt at thf^ M><g>- and capluru uf Ilsrcmona 
io Scptroiber and October. In liOtl hi? was 
t^mployud nn thi.' homu station, com- 
liiig tliu ««{uailrin cent olT lEocbelle in 
.and at tbo rodiictioo of Ostcnd in Jiinc 
IJiUHao, XamI I/i*/. it.%H}). liiJiiutf 1707 
bv was ii|j|><imt«(l n lUHiuborof thecouuuilof 
tbe lord hi^rh admiral, a duty frum which 
hr waa rpliwy"! in .Iiiim I7OT. I'poti the 
deatJi 4if Sir <" li ' ,- Shnrell in Oclobor 
ItiJT ho w«* I " be adtninil of llni 

wliit^.nn 7 Jan. lii/. r,and on'Jl Dnr. 17(tM 
to bif ulmiial of tlw fiwt; but h« bad no 




Fairclough 

further employment nc eon, though in 1713 
he was a]ipoint«Ml a commiii.'fionc'r for dia- 
bunding thu marine regimi»in.s {Ceit. fttata 
I'ajtfri; Tntiumrx-, 7 A14?. 1713). i'rom this 
time he KtirvHl fivim tho itiTvicLi, so com- 
idylt'ly timt, in a navy list rwf-'rrod to by 
Charnock. ho is m\<\ to huvo dit-d in 1710. 
In lieu of half-pay a ai)>.t!ial pfnclon of 000/. 
a yoar was wttli^'d on him (iW/ Offitn 71m- 
nan 2/«*t, No. 348, 23 IX-c. 17U) from I Jan. 
I714-I0, il? «njnvi.M it fur many wan, and 
died 11 Nov. I742'(ii. No. 350t. ' 

In tbe petition nlrwdy niforrwl to (6 Juno 
1609) he describes hlraaelfna liaving a lann 
family lu pronde for, but (cifra no <li;taibi. 
H13 auo apeaka (fWA Stafr rVtyi^r.', Tr«asurr, 
3 Aug. 1703) of th^ younj^r children of &ir 
I'alni'.'* Fnirbomf. On* of iheHi. William 
Fairl>:>me, atjn-ed with him in the Vit-tory 
a(< a lieulennnt, and died, Q Oct. 170«^, in 
commandofthj! Centurion at. Leghorn (Ohar- 
KOCK, iii. 240). 

SChurnof'k'B Biog. Nav. it. 143; oflicial lattara 
. other docuraautain the Fullie Rcoord OfHoe.] 

J.K.L 
FAIROLOUGII. [S«e alao FiUTLBr.] 

FAIRCLOUGH, RIfnARD (1021- 
108:^), nonconformist divine, bom in ItUI, 
was iho eldest son of Samuel Fairchiuffh 
(15ii4-lU77) U. v.] Hi* (rrudualod 5I.A. lui 
a rncmber of Emmanuel C'olleiff, 0am bridge, 
of which bouM he waa a Mlow. When 
Benjamin Wbichpot [n. v.] vox presentcii 
in ltJ43 to iho college living of North I'ad- 
bunr, Somantetaliin-, htt etigs^ud I'airclougb 
to tiuu bira company thitht^r. Thev had 
acaroaly arrii-wd when Whichcol ri,*cijved a 
hast^ recall to Cambridge, and Fairvlou^U 
at lua r«i]uest 8lay«d in his place. Soon 
an^Twanls the high sheriff of thu cuunty 
a|iplied to Fairclough to dtdiver the n-vizo 
wrmon on an emergeucy. He succuddod an 
well that Ihij slwriff preaented him to the 
rectory of Mella, near rVomc, where be was 
greatly Mt«amed. When tbe Act of Uni- 
fonnit^T pa«e*dhe waacjecttNl. Afterholoft. 
FJDchin^eld, Eii^x, \\\mrr< ho had re«td«^ 
duriu^ four or fivo yearn with hi? father and 
brothers, hr Ix^c-jtmt- pa^lorof a congTcffation 
at Newman Strtset, Ijnndon. whendc he n^ 
miivixl t-i IlriKtol. Tie w«j licensed in ItfTS 
to hfl a tfcntnit jir.*flhyttrian teacher, bfiiiig 
then reaident in Thames Str«et, London. lie 
died in London IJiily ifiHl', in hiaaixtv'first 
yuar.Budwaa buriid in iluiiliill Fielda, whore 
a monument waserectudtn hi* momofy.aan 
' Iwt iuiuuy of gnit it ndii formanv iibligat ions,' 
by Tliumiw I*erci<'Bl of llm Middle Temple. 
According to John Howe, who pn-acLiHl hia 
funeral acrmon, Fairclough woa ' a man of a 



aoi 



Fairclough 



138 



Fairclough 



cleftr,distuictund«r*tandia^,ofn vrayquick, 
diHCiTninp, and penctnitiiig jad^^ent, tlint 
would nn n i>U(ld<!n . . . ntHkn llmntgh Iniottv 
dillicultip^ into tho inward wnMr of truth 
with i^ucli n fflicity tbat tliinfpi seem'd lo 
offer tlw-mflelTfs tn him vhirk iiti> mint to 
coel Qtlwrs a troublptwne warcb.' He was 
fliilhnr of • Tl>i> n»nirr>, postibilji y, »iid duty 
of D true believer attaliimg to a certain Iniow- 
Mgv of hi« etTi^cttiul vocation, eternal elec- 
tion, nnil final pemevorance to plorr," a atr- 
moo I oil :; IVt. i. 10) printed in si. V iucenlV 
'ThfMorn!ng-Exerci«!a|?iiiiut Popery,' 1675, 
and in vol. vi. uf .S. Anueeley'ii ' TLu Mum- 
ini5 Esercisps,' 1B.I4, &c. t'nloniT also uii>n- 
tiuiLs ' An Abridgmeul uf khoh of bis latter 
Si-rmona to Itiit Wlovcd j»nj]|.i af AUilla.' 

(riJaiiij-'» Soncwif. Mrmori&l (Palmer, 1802), 
iii. 150-202; H<>we"« Fuui'ml Scrmoa; Wood'a 
AtbcnaOxon. ^Bli«ii), iii. 730; Browne's Him. 
of CQD(tT«(pitJouali9m in Norfolk nod SufTiilk, 
p. &9S : DaT)d*'s .^nnnliof ETHUKelicalNotLCOD- 
formit.vin Ktwx, pp. (11 S- 16; CaL Slate Pupan, 
Uoiii. ili!>i,i<p.2'*,.S6S, )6J5.p, 30S.] G. Q. 

FAIRCLOUGn, SAMr EI. fl594-lfl7r), 
noncoiifoniiiHt divitii-,wiii borii '2Q April ifMi 
M Havi^rhill, Suffolk, the younpost of ttip four 
eons of IjwreiH'"-' pBirclouKb. vicar of Haver- 
hilt, by hi» wifi- Mary, daughter of John Cole 
of that town. Al\«r some prelimitiGtry train- 
ing under a Mr. Itobothani, wbo aoid of liim 
tbai hv wufl tbe best freholar he tiod ever 
tau^flil in the courfle of ihirly years, ho vaa 
aunt to Qucen»* Collt-i^tf, Caiobridgv, at tbe 
BM of fourteen. Various HtorieA nru told of 
hts vtriet life and xtLudy at [uclimcnt lo mt*- 
dprnte puriL»n print'iplpH. Hi- rtifiUMxl on 
prinriple lotakf a woman's partin tin comedy 
nf ' iKonniimi*' wlu*n «bL>ul. lo b«> jjrcsii'ntiMl 
l>i>f(ir» Jimii:n I. Il luulH-en wrnnirly flaMn1«tl 
that he was appointi>d, while Gtill an nnder- 
RnidiiBtf, ' aiib-tiitoT ' to Sppacer. lord t'wnip- 
ton, iho tJ J«t loa of thfl llien Earl of Nortli- 
iimptoti; Lord C-nmptou was not born unlil 
May 1601. Soon (ifirtr taking liiall.A. degree 
a >Ir- .-\llin]iton oflVr'-il him a prvfiuniution lo 
a livioj: in SulFolk, but not tn-tag of ago to 
receive priest's unli-nhi.' declined it, anupri'- 
ferr«-d In pursue his t]iw>lo|^cul studies with 
nichnrd Ulscktrby [q. v.j, then readent at 
Afihen, Kn^ex.whos'.-rlilfftil daugtiterbonAi>r^ 
wards marri^-d. In 1019 he acreuted, after 
some hesitation, an ofler from lli>* mayor 
and nine aldermen of I.ynn Iliyis, Norfolk, 
iit a Icctarwhip, with &U/. a year, a good 
bouse, and an additional Wi. from tlic con- 
ffn^tion. ' Hi» ix)[iularitv,'rvlati:«<.'Alamy, 
"excited tbe envy ol the other niiuislen, and 
ha wa» openly oppoeed by the uubUcans, 
who** businwa declined from the iMrnvMi of' 
drunbeoiieeB.' SaraQcl Uaranet, bishop of 



Norwich, cit^M him inlohiii court fornegli 
infT to am the si^ nf the cnias in l>a|iti«ti 
the result was ihal Faircloiidh rptire ' 
now aroepf d n Himilitr hut a U^an con* 
position at Clare, SuBblk, where be ' 
preiich^-d whil« at Aithen. Before^ 1> 
Nathaniel Jtanianii)>toii 'q. v.], who wi 
quentlv one of his heari;i>, pre^enleil him 
llie adjuinini,' r\x.-t'.>ry of Barnard i;^! ou, 3T Ju 
\m^ He roon m'.'t with further opp><*itt 
Une of the clerg;7>'ni<!n at fiudbury beinj; t 
Fairclough occupied his pulpit for him, 
iu t)ieex-enin){ he r*!i>«?iited the sermonw 
he bad preached to the fiimily in whose ht>UK 
he l'id({"d. For Ibi* iirliirli-H wi're ■■iihibitvd 
ogainfithim in the.Slaiwhamberasafacti 
man ; upon which he was cnnvmed befoi 
tho court of hif^h oommiMion, and fnrcnd 
attend at different times for more thnn 
years, so that journeys and ttna awall 
up thtt wholtt profits uf his re«t»ry. Ma 
were only broa«lit to an issue ' tbroi 
inflnenoeofoae whumiiau{war«tbBt' 
' could not wrrll di^oblij;^, the r>M}ui9i' 
fluAnoe' having been peciired by a 
number of jacobuMw.' Sir N. Itamanliiiln 
aftnrwni^t* pri-jw-nii^d Fairi^l'iiijrh t-i rlw rec- 
tory of KcdmRton, near UnvorhiU, and olj^ 
laineil biiiin^ftitulion ]OF<''h. Iti^^R, ■ trilJi' 
httfpL-rsoniilaticuduace upon thebiabop,! 
itig ibu oatb of faDooicHl obedience, or au' 
scribing tlie ihtnw articW.* In ihii) llviil^ 
he continued for nearly thirtv-five year*, 
nreadiing lour times a week, llin TIi 
lect iini«, ' coniionnx ad cWum,' were 
adiniri>d, * all the minifiterH from man; 
round com^tantly nilending them, an 
ten or twcniy si-botnr^ nnd fellowaof roll 
from Cambridge.' When the 'Book of 3por 
came out, Fairelfluch was oflen cit«^l to ap- 

Knr boforo the archili'-aoon and rommiasarr 
ury.but managed loevadeaf tendance on I 
ph'a of a weakness which dimbh'd him fro: 
riding. DurinirtlnjcivilwarhesbowHl lilt 
motive sympathy with the pr«sbvtoiiffln5. 
was nominated one orthea»«eni\>ly of divi 
in Junii llVi:}, but excused himself Eroia 
tending, and though hesignt^d th 
IfHH h«! alwoliitely rrfu»Ml thu eogi 
He aluo doclined the mafitet^hip of 
College, Cambridge. In Irttl;? he could 
take the oath, *aud th'r-'fnre left a valua 
living, a pleosaot pansonsgi^boute, a 
glebe, a large auditory, a loving p<>i>pli', and 
kind neigh U)urhood. . . . Though he and h 
tfunilyli»t abovea thousand po'tndf ii V'.'ftr 
theirnonconfi)rmlly,bewa*Dlwi»jhcliearfi 
lU'rewded for fiiur or Jive ve«r» with Lt 
Hons, Uiehard [q. T.J and Samuel f Be« 
and his two somt-m-law, Ororgw Jui: 
Ittchard Shut*.', who had left their liringB, 



rer- 

M 

aril. II 




! JWtlt 



lir 



iLwOI 



Fairclougi 



199 



Fairfax 



I -ilrl mn' >lltMl Houlplns at Finrh- 

nt'*i"lil. ' ■ ' li nciw bec*nie 'a liltU' 

b1I<?k<^-' [''.•ijt>-riiiiii iNon^i prfAi'ti^d byluntfi 

tlw familT, 'and tbe aeigtibouis came in.' 

ITuta th«v were (li«iii.'r«>-d Faircloi>|2h wniit 

tiTi* vrilh bus youii^^iit M>n. a conforming 

kinidtrr at Kciii»'tl, Ciinibrii]|^i.-s!iire, luid 

|i<-ii with lii!< '!:iii|,')iU'rf itl H>.'V(>uiii|,'Iiaiii. 

Il,aiiil Istowiniirlcrt in thrt f^mr- i-iHiiitj' 

riv»'ly. I[(^(!it-d at ^towaiarlci-t 11 lh±<^. 

Id4,an'l wa-iburii'-l iiL-ar t!ie vfslrr 

"iIm' cliun-h. Ho imWislioil: 1. -Tli'- 

' troubled, or Acban (uindemnfKl and 

A •■nn.>n . . . Apr. 4, 16*1/ 

», 1641. i'. ' The Prlwrn-rs Pnu.«-!« 

rtiv^mitri' from their long itnpri- 

Colcln'M^-r, on n tlay of publiiiui^ 

jnTiDg, K^i »\>nTt tor that t>uqio*o oy 

itlMUfAofth^Committeooi EsMx, ... 

" by thv «nctni<< al CMnKufurd. In 

, . . l*s. cxlix- 0-8, preftr-)ii><l ol. 

IfilnplLomb. St*, ItWe'." -Itc. London, 

Sl ''AywH «^uj*,i>r thit S«atil)i wortlii- 

atKl thp worlds worihlp;»^i'i»e, . . . 

ni in * wriDtiii nn Mvh. xi. 38] . . . at 

inemlJ rif . . ,'S' \at.hani<^I mrnfir> 

l,'4tfi,I^ndon. 1(563. 4. 'The Pallor's 

^ „ f.' I2mrt. I^tndon. HiftJ. Ili« pfnirail, 

t«tnall bead bv F. II. van Hove, i» in t1«rlit-'« 

" ji%-M*(l^'i), p. ir>3 A. 

Utn )><vr>Rd iu)n, Sa«phl FAlucLOUftii 
iP-1091 ), watia fellow of (Viiuxf 'ollciCf, 
idgv, aud nft'Twarde rcv.tor nf Hi)ii|;h- 
iijuoal, Itr-ilf'inliihiiv, hul, wut rjiTlird 
I lORi. In 1H72 he was tira»^d a contTTV- 
alirmai l»'nchrral CTiippunhinn, t'«Inbridgt.'- 
'■— \ TIf difd .11 T>*H\ l»«tl. liscf^ m, and 
biiriinl at Iti-'veiiiiijrhuin, SuSolh. hie 
: M>rrorin baviriK he-en pf>4ched by a 
Biat, Nathaniel Parkhnift, ricor of 
nnJ. l*hi?n> nra memoriaU to him and 
irUe. FranM>« FoUcch of Kodinffton, in 
iushaa Church. It appmn Ilint he 
bM noihiiiff but an * otTertoiy ' in vene 
ToU;'* 1'ean ; or, Klogive ou , . . Sir 
tlel BamardiKton,'4to, l^^mlon, 105.1; 
nf nnvxint <>f M>nir tvnmrkabUi ]iiiiiiiii(,iin 
tbp life nnil death of Mrs. Annt- liamar- 
,' uTpfixwI lo John .Showfr'if fiinpral 
for I !inl laih . <I(i, I,ondcn, l&'-J, and 
lb' ' Ix'fitro tlwt fumrral wrmnn forhi» 
ber-in-law, lUi'hard Hhntv, in iGlS9. 

">iDdry ICmlDDDt Pmons, 

I'^lamyV Notipoiif. M«>- 

-J). i. 283, iii. 272-82: 

ii\ ".; Ilrowo''- BiiL of 

N'.rf.Ikur.ri.^tirtMk.p. A98; 

ral Nonr-iiiifnmiit.y 

i.-'-r'a B\n^. Hiat. of 

:-h iii. J'J-IO; Knuw'aCnt.of 

.ii*,i. US.] O, 0. 

.mil. 



YP^... 
'r Pariuiitt. 

rf^:irii.ij!iMij 



FAIRFAX, BUIAN', LL.T). (1633- 
1711 ),;>idiltcijin,M-cond»onofth«iili*v. Ht-nry 
Fairfax i_I.'i8?*-lti(M( [q. v.], was horn at tli'u 
rwf iirj- ni >VwtoD K_vate,\otlahire,on U Oci. 
IKW, Hi>fnvct(M)mi~ account of bi» Mrly life 
iaa manuscript n&mlive written forhisfcinig, 
and printed in Mr. V. R. Markbam's ' Life of 
Admiral K. Fairfax,' pp. 133-4<>. Ho vni 
tdiicatfd for fniir y*ar*i at a school at t.^jx- 
wold in Yorkshire, whence he waa sent to 
TnnitvCf>ll'.'j(u,Cuiiibridi)ft',andiiidu«cotir80 
took t'he dcgret-n of .M.A. and lA^li. in that 
uuivi-niity. In l']5'S hi' wunt to France with 
the Karl of Kitdiin-, ua<l on hin return wns 
pruspnt at (hp uiarriuf^orthn Dukeof Bnrk- 
iii^-hitm with bi( cmisin Man' L'ViHiucat Xuu 
Applet on, York-^hir*. \V)ionhiirkin^han) was 
(Hsnt to tbe Tower bv tbe Protwtor, Brian ac- 
ownpooicd Lord Fairfax to 'Whitdiall when 
he went to di'maiid liLs iwn-in-lavr'ii rdvaav. 
Rrinn was constantly with Lord Fairfax 
duriuK till* Ultff yvan of h'vf lifu, and vma 

frejtent at bin d<>at!i. At theendof l<1>^( LonI 
airfas H.'nt Rriiin Fairfax on a doliciitu and 
daiiK'-riiU" miHiiion (i> Al<ini:k, I hnn inHt:ol laiKl. 
In a tract named • Il<>r Borcale,' piibtifihed in 
tin- 'Fairfax Corrwspondpnct!,' Fairfax dw 
arribed hia JDunfT and hin intnrrii^w vitli 
the Kvncral. Upon bis return he found Lord 
Fairfax, 1 Jnn. I<3il0, mllin^ to hi» Mandard 
the g'snilemen of Yorkshire, and took on ac- 
tivL' part in their orfraniaalion. On (i Jan. 
bewatide«uatch>.-(] opon u iiiiMfitmfnmi U'fd 
Fairfax loLenthull, ihfspeaker of the Xl-iii.>e 
of Cummoiu, iii London, with an i-xpliina- 
tion of Iha inl«ntiiin of ib« niuvvin^iitH in 
the north. Ifeforu hb return Munck liad 
HNwhod Yorkdbirp, anil Fairfax was prcw>t 
at this intfrriftw betwM>n Slonck and I^rrl 
Fairfax at Nun .\pplolon. Shortly after- 
warilit, whrn tbe jiarlintoent npnt a com- 
inia^ion with Ijord Fairfax at il^ hiMid to tht) 
Ila^e to invile tb»* n?tuni of CharlN II, 
Brian a^companic'd hi« cousin in thiv capa- 
city of private fcccretarj'. lie waa at\or- 
vriaAa as<ociatcd with the Duke of Buckiriff- 
ham i» two di|'loioaiic visits to ihti euuli- 
ni-ut, and aUo actnl aa Bnckinf^faam's agent 
until prudi-ncc led him to rwifm. He waa 
njitHiiiitiHl equerry to Oiarles II on 21 Jan. 
UiiO, aud held tlie office until thf; ^ng'a 
drath, when bi3 rrai)cnfvl. II>i took no pari, 
in politics under JamcH II. lu 168«j he went, 
over to UoUand with his younft son Hrinn to 
|>ay his re«pccu to the Prinrcas Miirr, wlio 
wa» trodchild to his couain the Duchess of 
UuckiiiRham. IL- was r»;i^ived vi-ry cordi- 
ally, and when William III cuno to the 
Ihmiirt Unaii was made one of his Hjuem«<«>. 
At the ag^ of fifty-six ho found the diiiii>s 
oQuroua, and aftvr thrw yvart bu accvrjiti'^l i hu 



Fairfax 



»30 



'airfax 



po6t of secretUT U> ft fellow- YoriatunuaaB, 
Ardibuiliop Tillotaon. 

On the d«th at thtt arcbbUhop in 1604 
Fairikx retirvd intn private lifti at York, 
■wliore lif (levoied himstiir to Utprary work, 
and to BOting IIS tli<! frii'nd mid mt-ntuf oftliv 
young(xg<'n'>ralionsnrhtf>ratDih'. Fie carried 
oiiicaTTes|>oiideDce wilb mostoft lie literal^ 
men of bis day. Some in1«n»titiff communi- 
Cftlions of hu bit tmone the cormpondence 
ofBishop Atitrbury. lie wrote * life of the 
Duke of BuckinfrHam, tmnslutc<l tlia Itfi' of 
til*.- Iluj^ui'itor , riitiip Mornsy, teigneur du 
PI<-A.iiH, iind sert-ral poonu from his pen ar« 
extiint. llu' piiHcipal of wliicL U ' ITie Vocal 
f )ii)f,iiljnini^ui upoii(.'iiuingdownthe Woods 
at Nun Ai»iilL'iyu.' llu aUo cdttnl and muI>- 
li«fi«I 'Tim [Aiit.>tmiffropliiail| Sliori JI.^ 
mnriali'of hia cousin, TLomoe, lord I^oirfax^ 
inllSO. BrifttiFi»irfiixHi.-«l«in20S(.pi.l71l. 
Up marrii^^lfOn 22 April 1 GTfiiin WwtniinBter 
Abbev, Cluirlc'tte, daii^liter of Sir Edtuuiid 
C*ry." Shu dit-d 14 Xov. 1709. Three sons, 
Brian, I'Vrdiiiando, and Cliarlce, wen edu- 
ChIM at \Vfutniin&t<:r School. 

Bbian Faihc^x tlii-youiigi>r,b(>m II April 
1676, viitKrud «n ii qmvn'B m-liolur in 1090: 
was elected to Trinity Call(!p',Cftnil»ridffp, in 
1003; pnK«e0cdB.A.1S(l7,iinaM.A. J7(X>; 
beeomo fellon- nf Trinitjr in ]6&r< ; nnd vita 
oonmissioDur of customs from l~'2S till his 
d-atli.OJnn. 174!*-9(/?«i/. .Ifay.!710,p.4t). 
llu eolk-ott'd a valuaMi' library and a gnllery 
of iMctiirt-* lit lilr^li'iiisf in Piuitnn Sqiinn\ A 
cuiiUuefiiC! of tb« library prvpaiatory 1o a rale 
by auction was prititci} in April l7o6. But, 
by a «ub«equcui iumiii,'>i:iiu'-ul.tbi' wlioluwas 
anld toMr.f 'hild of Oftt.?rlev JVk, Middleacx. 
It ranainM at 0*(crlcy till May 18S5,when 
il was gold by Sutlu-by foribi- t^arl of Jvtwy. 
A ratalogno of Brian Fairfnx'd pin urea and 
euriusitiee wiu i»tucd in ITSO. They weri! 
lln-n in t.hi- jiiKWSBionof iiolit-rt FairfAs.wbo 
r«aidcd at Leeds Castle, Kent, and Wcame 
aeveiitb I*rd Fairfax on tbt- dpaDi of his 
l.l>rothiT Thomna in 1782. FI:Hnl?fA^DO was 
Leiccted from Wi>stminiiter to Triiiit? College, 
reambridf^', in IB&I, and pmcowlc^ B.A. in 
1097. CHARU»,«lec<»Klttil.'bri«tCIiun.'li, Ox- 
ford, in 1702. wftft Af*]i of Down and f.'ounor 
from 1722 till liia di<ath ou 27 July 1723. Hn 
ix diwcrihed B-i * a good aeboUr in thw old 
Iri,'.hcharBcttfr'(OoTrox,F*'rȣlfv/M. fftAern. 
iii. 2'27; WiTtrri, Alunini tl't-xtmniioft. pp. 
S-.'-l, 2-2S, 2W; information frma Mr. C. K. 
Markham, C.B.) 

|l''Hirr«x C^rr«*p. Tot L and introd. i Civil 

War.TOl.ii.; C.R.)IarUuua*sni«-o(ibetiiiiO 

Lnrd Fairfax ; Herald and OaiMlufin : AaalccU 

j Fairraiinon (raanuacript) ; Douglas and V/nod'i 

If crn^fo uf ScutUnd, i. Jt63-0.J T. P. 



FAIRFAX. Sib CHAHLES (^jt, 1< 
soldier, was the fourth sou of tjir Thon 
Fairfax oflK-ntonandNun AnpIc<t<jninVoc 
Hlure.and brother of 'ni<imaii,lin<tlnnl Fnirf 
[q. v.] ]Ii3 was bom in or about IfiS?, and 
wlivn vury vounc he vt^nt with his brother 
to serve on^ & FranciA \>rt< in tlie Ijow 
Countries. OhoiLes became a difllingtushed 
commandor. At thu battle of Nieuport : 
mllii]^! th(! Hnj^lish companir^s at a mil 
moment with di-ttinsuiabed ^Ilontrv, and| 
Wtt* one of the defenders of rtond. By it 
of ^ir Francis Vurv ha went to the camp 
the Archduke Albert as a hosta^, aaci be 
fuu^ht in the bnwch whonlhvSpaatshforcMS 
a.'Xiiult,^] ih'- worloi in December IBOI. In 
1(J() 1 Fairfax was nt the siffgo of Sluys, com- 
ronndin? troops vrhich routed the Spaniih 
freni'ral Velawn. The dale and manner) '" 
death bare not been ascertained. Vmi 
oftboSirCharlcsFairfaxtnthe'Foirf 
respondeiH!e'(t. xix> is erroneotw. lie 
nercr ^vemor of Ofitcnd. and tm c>.'rUiti 
was DDt elaiu in ihu uuuiu.t and ai the ti 
there titatMl, for Ite won aftem'erds at 
siepe of Sluys. 

(V'are's ContnientariM r FaWax Corrospoo 
en«i, i. xix; C'leraenla It. Vsriihatn'a Tbe Fipli 
iuK VVnw. p(>. 279. SOI. 308. 3-Jl,3'2-1.32A. it 
M0.3fi7.4M.j C-R.M.I 

FAIRFAX. ntAni.ES (1507-167^ 
antiiiuary and irenealo}iiEt, born at Itcntun in 
Yorkshiru Ti Marfih loft7, wai* t^-- ^-"--■nb 
and third survivinsrsonof StrTIi ■ ■:- 

■wards first I»rd) lairiJBX [q. v.] I-. i 

Trinity Collvp-, C'-ambridgf, 7> thi. 
and wan rii1l<;d to Ibc bar at Lincoli 
Q March 1618. Al»ut lO'j" be marriwl .M« 
fioltf heiress of tho Breary funiily, of Hem 
Hall in tlm fonwt of KnonAborough 
Mcnslon. IIU life was openi chicrty "n 'ii< 
wife's patrimnny iit M<*ni<toti, Yorkr-ti ■ 
tli9 tnu>tttd counpellor am) fiulbful um^ - 
■)f bis family. At Memtun he wa.* witlm 
few milea of his patomal home, at I^ston. 

A few days befotv thi- buttle nf Mar^U 
Moor (2 Jnly 1644) Cromwell hnd olhi-r p 
liam'-'ntary U'sdors held a iMnfi-reiice at I'l 
)«x'» bouse at Wenston, around s table noW( 
Fsmlpy Uall, Yorkahiiv. Whil-^ hi-" onph. 
Sir ThomM. aft«Tw»plii third lottl, diil mil 
lopWiKTTi' tbe miuRterand sn-hivL-* at Voj 
Charim was engaf^ed 'with lii-* brother ut 

Siuary, n»ifrorI>«l*worth [q. T.l, ill '' 
or and nweuo of many VBltiabl- 
documents. In It^ti be wsa hi; 
liift bmtbcr. Fu^linando, Mwond lorii Kiiirfl 
fq. v.j, stt?wanJ of the conrt* ftt ripiin. 'ii 
during ihi' biter yean of tbi* Con 
he waa iitduced to take B«rvic« 



Fairfax 



131 



Fairfax 



JH, a. poaiticn wliifh be hold in Monck'a 

' in Sivitlan.t M ih>- riirn- of ll)i> Ito^ttorft- 

[>n. rjmti Monck's uiorch i«(« Yorkshire 

Urai uiiik.iiii.'d e'Jvrrnor of tlio lowii of 

I Hull. Tlii-iiliwhelwldonly 

'itid then n-tired to liU uult- 

I Ulflmty punt nib! ut Momton willi 

" lOOf. « JtMT, gnni'rd liim hf 

I n tint of lliD cusldms at, Hull, tie 

: iu December ltJ73. Tlit- registers of 

I |)ui«li cfauTcU n'mnl hi* Ixiriat, luid 

iotMf-vfite to IGo", but there can be 

wen; l»ilh liuried in the Fair- 

'■.' the pariih cliiirch i»t OtU^y 

I' ii«rlesF«iT&xiin<]lhe.-|jin/<v/(j 

"I), wfaere there ie a murut monu- 

^■■ui ;.i ilii-ir roemnrv. 

Amoni: hi-" riiil.iron w<rre twin brother*, 

■'■'■ " ■ ■' II ihvnrniyiUid tlutir^'Iij.r.], 

i ^dakn Ciilleg.', Oxfunl, imd 
vli, who wi.TD BO altkn ad I o be 
l>f"' Ijt tln*ir own mother, 
wrote II work vet in maniiMrript, 
■f whiili iinibwMyonlyiwy copies eiiHl. 
ititlvd ' AasU'cta Fairfuxiuna/ It contaiiu 
iign*^ cajT^fiilly nriitea sad bluoned on 
luiD, of alt this brnochus of tbo Fairfax 
and of many of the families rnn- 
1 with it, inlenperwd wilb nienv fifi'nf n- 
rTesI and litvrarr uutiv, and uI)out fifty 
— «m*, i-^iTrams, and pifgii's in l^tin, 
ir^ ■ ■ ni the iien of the rompiler. 
:ii m<^tU-niof the farailyaud 
rc'.'nrivivns. Rrion raitfax, thnnojilirw 
icominlfr, nayn: ' He was au exceUv>iit 
r, bill deJiirht^^ mriiit in antmuilies. 
hwh Ivft many i-alwible colh'Ctions of 
kind. Hf haili t'^ft a most lanct pwii- 
' of our familj nf I'lilrfai, jirovpd by evi- 
(r* ' iF.Krf,,,- CurrtjtftvndfHrf, i. 267), 
ISS. arcnowat Lo«>ditC*i«le, 
: \ I. 

iirpTvervatifMi of tbo \tt- 
|t I'Hti us thu 'DodswOTth 

L,' onw in ihf il'"ll<'iftn l.ilirnry at Ox- 
wu the jiiiu: work of Fairfax and 
DorUworfh, nnd tlify wera for K>aw 
ID tio can? of the fnmier. It ift usually 
KtMl that liiini Fnirl'nx gaTi" thew Toluun.-* 
I'M) t<i tlic Rodlfian ; hut in a not« to an 
T ' ■ Tru: ill AtlijrljiiryV 

lairfax it i« staitil 
il>-iir_^ ruriru, dean ofNor\vir_h 
rlwtl, who trJiv.' ■ |{ojfi.T I)nd«- 
roiiimm of ixilWtioiui to lift 
ily uF Oxfiiri.' 

■ ri!' ■' ' '■■"■' r- -'.ThflOHMthiyl 

n'a Inn, nc- 

<i-o miidii ' to 

! ;rownfl, knc, 

. .-:_U'JU pleu, . . . 



Ihn wtid books to r«iuia as my ([ift and 
Icffary in thn public libmry of the said houne, 
of which I formerly had the honour to be a 
member.' 

[Aulaeta Fwrfimaiia (naatiseript) ; Pairfai 
Coir«^)aadaDce: AttarboryCorroaponiicuni; He- 
rald and OwiMlntfiat, tjapunaher IdTO; Ilnrt'i 
Lenun 00 WharUale.] T. P. 

FAIKFAX, EUWAIU) (d. 1035), trana- 
Utor of TaMo'a ' OenisaJcininK l,il)^nit«.' was 
a eon of Sir ThouaA FaiHax of Denton. Vork- 
idiirp. DougluH Myn t but hv w-as bom to Sir 
ThiKnas 'by Dorothy, hL* wif^*, dnn^htcr of 
fioorgH Oald of Aschiim (Iranae. K**j. ; ' btit 
ill the * Visilalion P.xiiirrcfl,' 1585, there i» 
no Edward among the children of ^ir Thomas 
Fairfax by hi* wife, Dorothy Uali-' ; and 
l(oi<vr UixUn'ortb, in ' fianuli el S(.'ritiior«a 
Ebor.,' states (hat ho was a nattiral non. 
Thorveby, iu ' Ducntus Lcodivneis,' phioea 
Edward and bin brolUt>r, Sir (HiarLes, among 
ibo sotifi of ffirl'h-Jmui-Fuirfu.but counenK 
ihi'iii only with a liue nf ilnt", ' thvia inti- 
mating that there wsB snnii>thing pi>ciiliar' 
(lIi.t.vTi:K,GfioriM t'atuni). FM ward was bom 
atl'^^dsin'anancienthoiifMneai'thechiirch.' 
lie nuuried a sister of Walter Lavcock of 
Copmantborpo, Vorkahirc, chk'f aulnager of 
the uoithem countiva, and several of bin 
children were bom in Leeds. 

Ill ItHW he publiahed • Uodfray of Bul- 
Inignc. or tlie Itecorerie of JeruMdem. Done 
into English hcroicall vunw.',* fol., the firm 
ciiiiipWn trarolatiiin urTaMo's'QvnualemiBa 
I.il>erata.' Tht* work 1^ dedicated to Queen 
Elizubi.'th in four six4tn>.* stsoias, and llw 
diNlication in followinl hy a pnMC ' Allcj^orio 
of lh>> Fficm.' Kitdinrd Carew had pn^viiiu-iJy 
tran«lutod a portion of the poem, ami Fair- 
fax made ftltl oeo of hijt prKdeocaeor'^ Inboura. 
Ilm in rf<fineffl«ni and poetic in&liuci Fait' 
fax far fliirpa««>« not only Carew bnt the 
traiulaton of later limes. Urian Fairfax 
atat«a that ' King Jam«a valued it aboii^ all 
oiUur Enuiish pootry,* and that it solaced 
fHiarleji I in ihe time of hta conllniimrnt. 
Drydcn in tlio i^o&ce to his ' Fables ' say? : 
' Many Wiiidvf rayaalf baro Ix-anl our famoua 
Waller own that he derived the liarninny of 
hifl numlwr from "Oodfrey of Pulloiffn*-," 
which wrti liimi'd into Kngii*!> by Mr. FnJr- 
fn\.' Uq the other hand, Ben Jonson, iu one 
nf his conversations with Dmmmond, gave 
it as hifl opinion that llio tmiuUtioD was 
' not well duni-.' A second edition appeared 
in UM4, fol., and in 1&L7 ihu work was edited 
by .**. W, Hinder, 2 vol*. Svo. 

Fairfax also wrote twelvaeclo^iM. Rrian 
Fairfax suy? tlial llwty weni written in the 
first year of Jam'>s 1, and lay noglected in 

k2 



Fairfax 



>3* 



Fairfax 



the aiiUinr'n Ptady for ten yevB, wLon a 
Inuucript was tDiid«> for t.hri DuIcm of Kich- 
mond nndliCiiDOX. This tr!in<irnpt war faunit 
in the banqueting bouM »t \Vliiti>b&U. At 
a Inter tUtc the po?t'« ton WilUnai rediB- 
covvnyl thvnrtffinu amoii^ iLe looee papers 
in hi* rather'» lioran', but no compl>.'ti? wdiin- 
acript copy U now ka'fwti. Mrit. Cooper, in 
*Tbi.' MuM-8' Library,' 1737. printed ihe fourth 
rclngu*", ' Eftlon and Alptin,' from a miinii- 
script (containing tin' twolvi; jrit-c-s) id Ihs 
IKMWMtori of tht- Fairfax fHinily. Another 
eclngU)? has heea priutvd in ' l'hilijbibU>n Mis- 
wHoniw.' vol. xij. Ii i» highlv nroWMi? thnt 
a poem in Addit. MS. IU73; IT. 5-0 (which 
manu!icnpt conlnina many popOT* nOaling to 
th» Fairfax fnniily),entillea 'Kdnga Ocuva. 
Ida nti'l Opilio,' is on^ of thi> ]<»\. »clof^iiNt. 

KftirfftJC livod a i*tiidiou» and retir&d life. 
Ou tho aulhority of llrian Fairfax w*. learn 
tlint ' ha was v^ry sor^-icffablp to hi« brother, 
I^rdFairfkx.iutno^ucalionof hischildren, 
th" pivfTOiai'Ut of his family, and all bis 
aJfairi^.' \h: rvsided tit Nowhnil, in ihi; parish 
of Fuist-on, Vyrkidiiiw, In IRlM two of hja 
daui;hr.-rs. vfcrf nupposed lo bo bewicchi-d, 
und Fairfax drew np u full acvniint of lh« 
afiair. Thin ourioti!) dorument is printed in 
' Phitubililon Mi9c«Uaui«.' vol. v., under thn 
title of ' A l)i»«»wr*tf of ■\Vir<;hcraft. .\b it 
was acl^^d in th« I'ainily of Mr. Edwai>d Fuir- 
Dix of Fuystone in tbt" County of York. in the 
y«irI621. From the Origioal Cony writtto 
with hi« own band.' In l.ho pTOniCc to thu 
< niATonrse * Fairfax dcBcribea himself as 
'm-ith^ra fanranlic Puritan norauperstilious 
Papi it, hilt sn Mjltli'd in conacicnco thai I have 
the sunt gTQitiid of Ood'a word to warrant all 
I twlii-v<i, uiid tlie commendablfl ordiuanooa 
of our RniBlish Ohurch to npprorp all I prac- 
tise.' ThedomMlic troiihli^attrihuliHl lotlie 
machinal iona of ihw rcpntwl witcbt-e con- 
tinui*4l until April Itltt't. K'ttrfax wa« buritxl 
at Fuistonon'J? Jan. 168.'»<Krrrn!K, Chfinu 
Vaivm). Hia vidow waa buried on SI Jan. 

Brian Fairfiix moutionnlbat fu^reral lelt^n, 
• wbi<:h d.-^tTTo \a b* puhliahcd,' pii»!«d be- 
tween Fairfax and tb« lU>niifth prient, John 
Dorrfll fOarrol], tht-n a priaoner in York 
Caitlc.onlhuflabjectof thepopu'eeupremacy, 
infalli>>ilitr, idolatry, &c. Ilodjtworlh, who 
dt>9irrribfi« Fairfax aa ' a flinifulnr pj^holar in all 
kind of h'QminB>'Btat«8 that he wnrtu a' His- 
tory of i-y ward tin- Black Prinr^,' which waa 
not publifihtKl. William Fairfax, lh>> Iraus- 
lator'ii fldest eoo, a scholar of aomit n>put*, 
wna ' Rrammat ical t ntor ' of Thomae Stanley, 
tin* fiTilor of • .'hVbyluft,' 

(Lctlar <if Btiftu Fairfax to Atterbury in 
Attvihury Curreapood«t>ce.iii. 255^£>; Uunt«r> 



Chonii Vatam ; Tltoreahy's I>»catB8 LnoJier 
I lid. Whilnknr. j)p.3».B1i ■ A Pitojiinir of WilcJ 
cnv/l.' Philobiblon Mi*c^Ilnni». rul, v. ; Ml 
CuupcrV Mb««' Library, 1737; ColUer's Bit 
Cat. t. aa7-9.] A. It. B. 

FAIRFAX, FERDI NANDO, seeoi 

BAROir FaIRPA^I of Cnmerou in the peer 
ofSoot]aBd(l.'}84-14l8).^n of Thomas Fau 
fax, flr»t baron ^i\. v.]. ofll-.-uton in Yurk»hir 
and Klli^n AhIcb, waa Ijoni 29 March l-V 
{Mabxuah. ffreff^ /yjrt/ >'«■»/««■, p. 0). Fa 
fax niarrii'tl in 1007 MnrT, daugntnr of tl 
third Lord Sh«ffipld Ci'A.'p. 7). His fatl 
"*emi' to have winhod to malcvbim a "oldi 
for h« is reportwl to haTi* said : ' I sunt hii 
! intotheXeluerlnnda to train him upasoldiij 
and ho makcA a tolerable country jnsticf), ba 
is a more coward at ti|i;htin^ ' |iA. v. 12), 

In th» lost two parliamcnta of Jamf-s 
and the fint four parliaments of (.'barl*^ 
Fairfax repro*«>tit<:ii lloroughhridge {lUtur 
of Hames of yf^mherir rttttmrd (« trrvf 
Pnrlinment, lh'7>'l, llinfathftf hwjuuoK 
Fairfax of Caroi-mn in 1U27. to which title 
Sir Ferdinando Buccwd»d 1 May 1IJ40. In 
lV» flr.« Scotch war hi- had pommand^yl a 
r^ment of ib'.> Yorluhire trained bonds. Ihu 
he dofta not bcr^m to hava talii.*n any part in 
tlivat-cond war(MABEliA«,pp. 27.31). Im-he 
Long parlinia'^tit lie r«pr««eutcd the county 
of York, sided with the popular [uiny, and 
WfU onf of Ihr coinmitl<»n char^'*d lo ptvi.^nt 
thf Grand Remonstrance (UrsHWOitni. ir. 
43fl). In relijfious mnlli^r* hi" apponr* ' ~ 
have df>Hir<>d the limitation of the |)awt<rH i 
tlio bishops, hut he expreMi.'d himnvlf o" 
pftsfd lo till- alteration of th^ liturgy {Fair 
/oj: Corrftpondence, ii. lJ-0). When th* kir 
left t)ie parliament and establi'ht-d birn»«l 
at York, Fnirfnx was one of ihe oominittitfl* 
of five wnt (hither by parliament lo repr»- 
N^n[ it and watch tht* king'* actioiut (lii* in- 
slructioni^, dotrd C May 1012, and bis lett* 
to pari iam'^nt ars prinlwl in thr 0/rf Ptrjii 
mmtirv Wflory, x- 403. 511, 018 29 1. II 
aigTunl ihit proli-ml againnt ibe nri?*cnt uibB 
of the rovaliflt grand jury of Ywrkfibli 
(29 AuR. ift42>, and n»c<-ivi"-«l Ih« Ihnnks ■ 
the Hoiim of Commnna for so doing (Rti 
wOBTH, iv, 't4H). Shortly after, at a ni" 
in)^ of the partisans of the |)arlliiTi>'nt 
I^ot-ds, he wa» fhoM*n lo commaml lii.i jn 
liamontary forces in Yorkshire ; ili 
was approvi.yl by parlinni-'Ut (27 Si. 
rec«iv>-d a cocniiiisaion f 
in Pect'mlier ( Fnir/a.r ( 
Ki'ticWorth, v. !)1). A ir.ii V .11 iiiiiiiiil 
between thp leaders of the twiitanit'S iutl 
CDunly wa* Mfi^cd al It- t-'M- 
20S»pt. Iftl2. to which Fair' 
latiug that it should be void .;.... ;..j>i 



ami, which boilr At nnr>t annullt^d 
u«il {Fuirfar CV^rropywrfwiw, ii, 
^tCMWOKTH, iv. (iWrt; fJM l\trliiitnnt- 
ti*ttT^, x\. 443). CUivndon uafoirly 
> witl) lurliily ID afi)tiiiwciiij? 
. i Jlelrliiou, vi. 21)0). Fair- 
' 'i-'aiJi|uarterft ill iUmWcaI 
KkL' ^ 1 ui lim in bWkiidin^ 

i»;- 111 ■! iirk. Thp- nrnviil of ii 
lint ftmi y ffnu Oie iifirt h muler the 
lewcaftilo ihrsw him na tb" dt'ffu- 
itr, onil hn wft* ohlixtnl Ui n'trt-nt. Iwhind 
Oobg uid BAtahlLth bin h<!iul[|iiJirU3rB at 
wlbr (7 ll>-c. 1WL'>. F»irfn\ now l».-rHnif 
anuvtsl in a C'lnirovm' ^\-it!i NcweiiMlc 
»inj; [mm ihe i^iTMi-lfiMKttiom [Hilfliftlwcl l>_v 
tiro piirtif?, I'urli(im(?nt piiUi^tbi.-d ii 
ition of Fuirfsx in a tlrclurat ioii of 
le43, and he himself rppli(.J to the 
I of Ui» oppouvut in 'Tht- .■Viiswer of 
akndo L/>rd Kairfrut to it tAM:laraiioa 
^UUun Earl i>t' Npwfasllf;' (Hl'sH- 
r/Mirn. T, 131, i;j9i. In Mnrrh thi- dewtr- 



ITuffh OholmW [1). \.j Rtid Sir 
'sm fij, v.] obtigeil Ffcinax lo re- 
u -. n.v to LecilA. lo I<e«d* ht» 
^i'ullv Kitfickfed by Xewoastle 
v. Lrttert uf Qurfit lltnriflta 
V'-rr. Aulirw, 'I't Ai)nl), and 
i.-«ir^bj- liiin with jiT«;»t ions ou Ad- 
i&loor,owrBndford.un30June 1043 
njicm, V. S7W; Makkham, p. 107). 
rwrfas with A few follDWftrs mode his wbv 
]l, of which bf »«B "pfwintmi jtovrrnor 
I July (Fturfa.! fJitrfrtiMWit^nn/', iii. 49- 
ThCT* he was besieged by Ncwcsstlw 
hin ? Sq>t, to It Ui-t. iW3. F«irfn)t's 
iinl of the ^«Uy which lud to the raJGing 
thn »ti.>);v wu {luhliibed in a pamphl«i: 
itJcii] 'A I^'ttur fnjm Fcrdinuitlo liord 
i'airfiu lu bi^ E\wil»iiiey Itobt'rt Earl of 
fX,' 4tu, IIM.'i. Hi» ne?ct exploit wasthe 
|i«r«al. of r'i>laDt.-l J'jbn Ik'llasi^ ut .Si'lbr Oil 
II April IRH, whni Fnirfax bim.'w^lf hJone 
llm divisiomi whirb etonnyd tho town 
^UrmiKoia-M, v. 018). ll<' ih.-n joiuwl his 
till; StiiitH (_IQ .\pril), and coto- 
Itfae w*Kv of York. At Miirgloii 
lirlax'* iinny was etfttk-msl on the 
right of tbtf ["trliuin'-niury line, ami becoin- 
'^ it* iiifanlrr in {>er»oii. Currii'd away 
njul uf bis Iniopu, hu is faid by Lilly 

1im! nv fir ri- ('aw«l>d < Tji/r arid ViVflM 

! 181*2, [1. 176). hut he 

o (111' n:iiviirof Hull to 

<it the battle 

■ • ,i/i'in$ uf (At 

iJB^/^HM, l*.Ui;ij lU'aiiwoitrn,v.6&4, 

KiJiily liU4) 
.', aiid charged 



with the r.-diicti'in of ihi" remaining royutiet. 

fam^oDs in York&hin>(KusuwoiiTit, v.Oll). 
a IttecJMDbcr ho capluFed the i.owa of I'oniv- 
fraci, but was unable lo take thtt nutlc or to 
prevent its rellvf by Sir Manna<]uli6 Jiaiiudiilo 
ui March (Surte^a Societ}/ Mifrrllanett, fSGl ; 
Sieyr ofJ\intr/rar-i, jip. 3, ft, 16). The pA«(ing 
ut the i>f>lf-(h'nyhig ordinance ohli^;¥td hitn to 
rttign his cumiiiunJ, but he conliniwd onfl 
of I hi? cliit-r mi-uil)'-r> of Ibn commiltr*tf v»la* 
blishtKl at Y(irk for ihH govirmment of the 
nurtht-m coiintiM, On 24 July l(!45 {Kirlia- 
mfnlab<)ap|iniiit>-(l him rttewunliifthi^ manor 
of I'ontefrucI {OUi I'arliamfiitanf IJi-nl'iry, 
KIT. 27). Foirl'ni diMon 14 Marth ltJ4)^, m 
coii-o^jiii-iivi.' of nil accidt-iit, and uaN huHtHl at 
lioItMnI'«;rry(M»liKirA.W,p.y03), Rv his first 
wife, M 017, daughter ufLurdiShvlTn.-Id, bg had 
iaflui> Timmiw, nflt^rwanU third loni Kiiirfox 
[q. v.], Ckarltui, who b<.t.-atn4! colonol of horw 
in tim pnrlianivnlmy' ftrniv, nnd wai> kilh-d Hi 
Morelon Moor, and ftixiLiti^btere. In 1046 ha 
married Uhoila, daughlrT of Tliomaa CThup- 
mfin iif lifTtfordrthinr, nnd widow (if Thomai 
HuiiMy of Lintxitiuihirv, by wh'jin he bad utW) 
datightor (Fair/a^ drrrttp'Mdeitff, t. preface 
p. U\v, iii. 3l'0). 

The will of Fairfax, together wilb a poem 
oil hi« duath, is printi-d in tbi' ' Fairfax Cur- 
n-Ajjumli-iici" ' (i. prKikcR p. Ixxxiv). A li*t of 
pictutM, rngraTuiffa, and medaU rcnnw-'iil- 
ing liiin is nii'i-n by Miirkh»m (/.^fr fjA'A* 
Ormt I*ird Fttirftti-, p. 4i«), Porirail^ are 
alf) pivjn by \K*n {EngianiT* Worthtu, 
lt(47,p. •1ii),and Ricraft ^C^M^iU(/£^ 
Uind, l(il7, p. 26). 

tPiiirf^ CuTna[>uud«ue«. toIb. i. ii. 1848, cd. 
niKio, iii. ir. 1840. ed. Uell: MarfLltam'i Lif« 
«r the ar«ut L-ml Fairfax. 1870; Pari. Hi*I. of 
Knttlnud, 17A1>a3. 8fOi Uu»hwoclh'« llt>>larU«l 
CoU«lioB8.] C.H. P. 

FAIRFAX, Sib r,V\ id- 149r,), jii.lpi, 
WH8 of a YorkHhin^ fainily, and third M>n of 
fUchnrd Fairfax of Walton, by his wife, .\iin- 
nlftsia, dftiight«of John Cart h')r|»'. H«i"iufi»- 
liouod {Svt. IWl. iv. 164 I in UJl a** ft-'iswl 
of 1 1ll- niiuiitr of lluiiipldtiic, hfiup th«n virrj 
Timiip. From bit fathi-r he iMlii-Tite<i tbo 
mantir uf Stwttm in Yorkahir*. wh^in- hi* 
huih a tiiallif. At firul be iwvtna to uare 
b^eii occupii>d wilb piindy local biutinras. 
He WH« in lhi> fonnniaaion of array fur Iho 
We«t iUdiog in 1435, nud in 14tiUwaa uom- 
misBmned to inqiiirt- what lunda there were 
in that riding bclon^ng to Kichord, diiko of 
York, who had been atiaint^'d in tha previout 
mrliami'nt. Onu of hia cuUeagUM waa Sir 
William I'lumirton, whose counsel be aft«r- 
warda was in I4t)0. Hv fin^i appuora in the 
yt-or-books in Mtcbovlnuia 1463 aa a aarjaant 



'an 



134 



•airfax 



BOd member ofGnf's Inn. Ou^April l4t)R I 
be ■vn» appotnt«d lung-'a aeiji-Anr, Ana in tl7(l 
bceunu rveoider of Vork. He was ni»ed to | 
a judreAliip of tli*; kiDgV benrh and is finl 
mootionou an u judgt* tn Trinily U-rm 1 177. 
In tliUoHiotf ho won an honourable reputn- 
tioD. and <» A Oct. 1483 tiu rca-ived * gnnt 
of A luiiidrctl infj-ktt y<wHj in iidditian to bia 
Milsty. He troA cantinoAd in his judgediip 
un each sulMi>jquent dt-nuso of tb» crown, and 
undvr F.dwnm V iM^-iunc ciiwS jufttice of 
iMaonaeTifiraHtso/Hdvarrt V,0). Uodted 
in 149ft. liy bin wife, MarKitrvt, n dimirbtCT 
of Sir WiUiun Ityther. b*> bud n'lx childrtm, 
four sona(llieeliii»t., William, a uidge of tii« 
common plriu under Iltniy \uT) and two 
daugtten. 

rPow's JndflMof England; Ymt-I*oo]u. 3 and 
IT Kdiratd IV; Dpaie"a York, p. 3«3; riuniplon 
CoTTcapoti donee, Ui, Izri.] J. A. U. 

FAIRFAX, UKSnydflgS-lOO-Ufriond 
of '■>.'(irci> I^li.'rWrl, fourth unii iif Thomaa, 
Am Itird Fairffti [t\. v.], wna bom at Meatan, 
Yorkshire, iu 1 r>88. IliJa uncle, Kdward Fair- 
fax [q.v.l, who, says Brian Fairfax, wa* vt-rr 
aerviceabli; to bis brotlter, the first lord Fair- 
fax, in thi^ education of biAcliildren,iTaativinf[ 
■1 New Hall, rnhy, Yi-rkihin;, abont 1000. 
lleiinr Fairfax jiroiTtHiiiMl t'l Trinity CoUt'j^e, 
Oun^idffo, of which, in 1608, b« became n 
fdlow. Tn Ihy wun" juar OiMii;f[ii Ilerl»?rt 
entered Iba cnlle^ where be nlao obt olncd a 
fellowalup. Tbi.'^ wi*reinliniatv fn<-nd*>until 
Tlerbert'a death in lt»31. FairfiiX gnvft up his 
fellowflbip on accepting the living of Nvtvl^n 
Kj-tnc, YoricdiiftT, from hiH father. T\ui pr>>- 
fermcnt he exchanged for a fvw years for th« 
parisbof AfthtoD-in-Mnk*rlipld in Lanca^liirv, 
retuminp at the end rtf that time l/^ Xcwioii 
Kyme. ill? marrivd (second wifw) Mary, 
daughter ofSirllenrrCbolmcIoy of WTiit by, 
and bill n.'Ctory at Kuwtuu was during tbv 
civil war» 'a mfiige and a sanctuary tn all 
their fricnda and relatione on botli aides ' 
(Fair/<Lr M.S&) 

Fairfax took an actjie part in the un- 
iiucc*».*fni moremunt, nboiil 1640, lo obtain 
the fonndation of a llniY•^^9ity for llit^ north. 
Pelilionii w«re sent nn to parliament urjpn^ 
tbs ncoMeity of nucli a seat of Icamini;. 
York and ManclHMter oompcled wnntily for 
llus honour of reivivin^ it. Fairfax wrola 
lo lii« brother Fimlitiandu. thi-n M'Cond lord 
Fairfax [4. v.],20Mnn:b 1041, (ukiiig for Iii.t 
infliu-nco. In 1646 Fait^x was removed from 
New too KynM*totJieneif;liboiirin|f,and murh 
richer, wctory nf Roltnn P<»rcT. Uerp h« 
midxd for a f^reat portion of tbe time with 
bia nephew TbouuM, third lord Fttirinx fq.r.], 
as a pariabioner at Nun Appleton, until the 



t{i»tomti(in in 1660. At that lime, hia nnsi^ 
tion Wing donblfut, h« voluntarily witbtW^ 
In &TOurof a Mr. AViokbam, aiidretirvd tc 
private tMAtv which he had inhoritMl at (Jcli! 
ihorpc, Vorkshire. Iltire he dic-<l t> April l^K'ii 
He was buried in the choir of Dolton i\-ni 
Church by tlie sidt.- of Mary, bi^ 'wife, wbc 
had dtml in 1650. IIi« eldiMt aon liKnrr m 
cuedvd a counn o^ fourth lord 10 1671. lUJ 
•ecoud :iun, Brian, ht Mparatfly noticed. 

Fairliax was an adoiirahle pariidi I < 
Bonething of an aniiauarian and p. : 
Hi»ioamedbrn1biT,('linrlfaFairfm .(.i 
author of ' jVnal<K:ia FairCixiana,' fn'^jnt^ntli 

J.iintw from hi" nnte" mi anliounnan ana.^ 
amily Mit^i.'Cts, and .-vidi-iitly hold hisb'aro-j 
ing in the bighwt rvsji^ct. Nonf of hia 
works now stirvivo, •■tci^pt ^me nnagrama 
and vpiftraou in ' Analccta Fairfazuuia.' 

[T4trf4X CurrMpobdoicu ; Herald and Qenaa- 
logisl. October 1870; Analects F.iirfaxiaU-j^ 
nusoript); C. R. AlarkiMm's Admiral 
FBufax, where a notice of Uoury FairAx ' 
wn Urian is priot«d.| T, ' 

FAIRFAX, IlEXRY (16*1-1703), Jeanl 

of Norwich, was a twin son (with Jobnj of; 
Charles Fairfax [q. v.], atitiqultry and gene 
logist. Thouaa, Um bml L''iurfii.\ [q. v. 
wna hia grandfatbi'r. He wu^ ^iliicatml 1 
Miicdalen CollifH', Oxford, wherv ho grade 
alfd H.n. 26 Apr>l IGtiO.and [).!>. lOMarcl 
l«Ht>. lie was f-locitsl a follow in ltl5!». and 
wa» iK'nior (uUqw in ltk*7, when Jamw U wii-; 
dArivoured to force nn the r^oll-g*' ann^Jiiileat 
of his own cbooaing. Pairfnxeigneathepeli 
tion lo t)u.- kinf; (9 April Xt-Jiii ) \nf^a\n-! htti 
10 eaueul his deem.- ordering ibe fellows 
elect Anthony Farmer [«j, v.] Whtjn that 
nppral fnile<1 be rolod for a seL-ond pnlititiM 
to the MLine cilVf c (lH April), sndoti [7 Apr' 
took a prominent part ineIectin)i;John Llou 
to (be pre».'dent«bip. With ]xu uoU< 
ho wrtite to the Dukenf ()rmondt9(^)I>A 
ontrcaling his tntLnention with JameT 
l>n 6 Junvlir' wajt «ummoa>sl iK-fiim thecnj 
nf high rommi^ion at WhitKball. (hilS Juns^ 
h« was bi-oiight before J'^IFrfyi, pre^iili^nt of 
the court, pwlistttxl loudly a)^in*t iht* Tin>- 
ce^ding!!, denied their legalitv, and dM'liniMl 
to ngn nny answer to tno cliari^a broufrht 
againal him. Jeffrey* abuM^d him rouudlyj 
and told him he was (it for a madhouse. tSe 
m Juno 1087 the high court vommi-*aioner 
auHjitfndttd Fairfax from hi» fi!lI<iwKhi|i; but 
ho disputed th-J validity of thfi act, and stif 
ri-sidwl in tint college- Wlien tbu royal Con» 
niAsionen firsit viiiitM Magiialen on -20 Oct. 
Fairfax absented himself, although 1:" w-ia 
in Oxforil, wliereiiixm Im' wa* jr. 
coatamaciotts (Jl Oct.) lie appciL. 



Fairfax 



'35 



Fairfax 



'.vTi tli« ncit ddv, oii'l l"itiUy 

, lit i>f iLu king'ri Mtiw iioiniiiee, 

W**-"-' iVitit^r, bulio|i iif Oxrortl. to act 

H'A'-n' Ml* M"iiM ap^l, 111" eaid, to 

l<, ami with another 

., HigniMl a plniiilv 

: .i^uiiir-; Uii-|in»c«»-tVnia»of ilie 

Han. (fn Yning wnmm of the 

i\vniU"J him if tiw |iurai«tKl in 

witbrlriiw the ilocumriil, liut. 

- -' lti>d the cnllece aod bis 

■ bfxikB (26 Ocl-> On 

* *hip WHS filled n]i. On 

i- iiicliidi'ij in till.' <lecr^p which 

'' ■ -Tpellcil fellows of .M«K- 

'ly '"i-'cU'sini-ticiil lntn-Iirt', 

:i iif Jame-1 1 1 Kairfax w«8 

naborvd lv hb ft'Uow<ship (i5 Oct. Itit^). A 

Tnar latrr (US Oct. IBftS) h)- woa n-wordod 

[Tor lji» indnjwndaoci.' with thu deanery of 

[Nnnrich, find hti dii'd th«t> on 2 M«r 1 '*)'-, 

^4 W, being huriotl in thi> rjiihedral. 

Itc is cine of lfa« pemsns cri^iited 'wilh thv 

RoUionliip of'An lmp«nial Rolstion of the 

Tbole {wuceediiiga aguiiiM Si. Mary Mudalm 

XilWIj^-vinOsoD. ... in ItoT.'JOHy.ttlllioiwh 

it iM i»iiill]r cltumed for CliuHi-u AldwortD, 

lrir<>-iin<*i<!>>ni of tbe coUi^. 

["Bl..T'i»rt'H M<i)T'!t)''ii Collego nnd iAJOts 11 
V Onfunf llirt. Swc. ; Mrto 
: !iu4; Bishop Cnrtwri^Ul'* 
ti^i • (\..iiini. .-"ic.;, |ij). Si, b*. 02.] t>. I> L. 

TAX, JOHN" (Iiwa-ITOO), «i,-rtwl 

snoonJ finn i^if Itrnjiunin fiiirfnx 

"'t. 'iiL- ii.-d from KtimburKh, Suf- 

-^mih, daiight<-r of lloRor 

, uf jVsliwflllhoq»t?, Nwt^ 

)fuiii 10:^3. Th«<ii>hiliifltrubiiitni'> 

^1 ""l. V ^, *li" ■mhijiiUriiin, wit'* hia 

tfolk Fiiirfnxe* HI** 

ixfamilyof Wtilton 

:l: tiuitux djil(-«hi» n,*- 

irnin nn iuctdtnt which 

at: * the (.fiuppOMHl) 

I in ihticndlo.' Ho 



bri<V. 



H..\.he 

..i <L I. II >..' .,,..1 of Mnn- 

OJnn. Ittt4^i\idn)itu>d l4Jan.) 
of Tliitm'-' t;'-.'--. nit-.!t«<l. tie 



lifted in- nil 

JtUgftllLX 

Asscmliiv. ii" 



. ... II bythoAVMt- 

^d^iiitttl M.A. in 

-,<-liipl(> was tje4;led in 

■tlio 'ernoge- 

.1 V lo tlwiC'nin- 

A kinifor liouM of Uirdf.' 

if frt'Tv of BwrkicB- 

' UW, 6 vpar. 

> AcloflOOS, 



I Fairf&x continued ti> reside in his own 
hoLL»e lU llnrlfin^, and used bU »p|>orliuitt ies 
of prctichiii;>. ]lu reoeired ptrruniarY assist- 

' unci- from Painv Brook {tl. 'J'} July I'iSS, mgvd 
S->), widow .jf iSir Kohert Brook of roclMd 
Hall, near Yo.tford, Suffolk, a lady wlm, while 
thitilting ■Hparuli'ii) on acx'ount of noncon> 
foriniiy lln^■■asonahlp, 'r^Iii'Tnd manv Aoher 

' noni-onformielfi with gr&i^ hounty.' Un was 
al-'xt aitlnl hy hiit neighbour, John Mi'iulowa 
[ii . V. J, an ej ec t«!d iiiiiii«t«r nf good nroperty , 
w'ho uftera-andii marrird his niece. Fairfax's 
prworhin^ got him moM than one? inro prison. 
Of \\\n \in-l imprigonmiint there ia a full ac' 
count in Lis own loiters. OnTucsday, ■"> Jwly 
1<i70, Fairfax and otb«r iniui»Cers ath-nrkd 
the pariah church of \\'aliilwm-in-tho-\S'il- 
lowK, Suffolk. ' Aitor llic liturgy' was ruad 
liy the min!!>t«T of the pariidi n wrmoii wa* 
prt-acbedby a non-lic«asi?draini>t"r,'S!*'i)li«n 
Scjindarvt. Duriii}; ■•■rtiion Fairfax nnt) llvo 
otlior tniiti/rters were arr^lctl, and committed 
to the county j^jI at Hury St. Edmnndit. At 
the quanor s^f-sionA thi^y were rt'lcased on 
Utpir otrn recoffuUatict^s to appear at the ntjxt 
iLMin-. Tliriiid^'Wfori-' whomthryappcrtred 
was Sir Kichard Kaynsford. notod for nis &e- 
varitv to nrini?onf»rmisld. The grand jury 
founil u tru<- hill n^'aiu^l onv of thoni (8imp- 
iton); others. iucliwiiijt Fairfax, on *agi»niTal 
suggt»tiiKi 'of the just loci! who had (.■oiumilUtd 
tbt-iti, thsl lh«y wrm ' [wrxonB dangfrouM to 
ihp piihlic ppace,' Kfte wnt to prison by 
Itsyiwford 'till they should find surclifn for 
thiiir jTood hehaviour.' Aftpr 'fivfl niontha* 
close imprisonmeiit' in Bury pool, they ap- 
plied totWctiuimonplciiaforavrritof hah'^aA 
corpus, which ihcjuuRM were of opinion ihey 
could uot grant, and a<iTi8edapetuion totbe 
hng. On 18 March 14~l Fairfax was siill 
in prison. HtS8isterI*Tiscilla (rf. 17U'<),wlio 
was in the service of Reynolds, bichop of 
Norwich, uryvd hiiu (o conform. He pn» 
t)a])ly obtaiiipd his release at the following 
ii£siic ; and on the is^uc of the king's indul- 
gimce (lo March 1072) br> Liok out a liitt'nae 
as 'a pn'shyterian U-arher at tbi- bouse of 
Manfaret- Itoxer, Ni-edhnm Markel,' lhii« r»- 
.luminf; tW pa.itoral can; of the nonconlbnn- 
isl portion of his old parish. 

l^ioiigh uow in bis Aftti'th year, Fairfax 
entered on a renewed career of great adivily 
in tlie formation of noncoaformut rongrcja- 
tions. He pruaeliod 'aeven titoea in a fort- 
nioht,' bestdKK 'occaaional aermooa.' His 
palpil preparation wfui ' by racditatioa* rather 
tlwn by writin);, liut hiii discouncH worn r»> 
roarkable for their method and pertinency. 
He aided the settlement of Tuung miniaciTf, 
a» the ejected fiisd nut. tin tho d*'alh of 
0\\ta Stockton (10 Sept. lOSO), \xu took lU« 



Fairfax 



i36 



Fairfax 



ehaf^ of tlie nonMnfomuAl congrnSAtion in 
I|i«wiq1i, in addition to bis owu. Tbv iuile- 
{icni!<-nt soction formed a septtr*t« congi«n- 
tJuii in lUiW: im tliu iiwui' of JamM'B 'do- 
Clamtioa for libertv «f itiiudwjiiiB' ni-xt yenr 
(4 April), Iho jin«by;erians undor Fairfnx 
hired a buildiiifirforptilirK- woriilii|i in Hi. Ni- 
cholas parish. Timothy Wrighi. h^Miinr! \m 
tumsUnt nt I]]en-ich id 1098. Un 'J*\ April 
1700 Furfax omttwj) the i-vi'tiiiif mw'linjf- 
bouwiaSt. NiclioIatiSirecl (now iinilariunt. 
Hin work niw ilnnp. He died nl Itarking 
on II Aug. 1700. Tl»' fur*rml wrninn wm 
pmadiiMl on 15 Auc. iii thi* [•arish church by 
Snmiii^l Riiri'fq.v.] FaiTfnxwiissuwwidi'dat 
^fwdhambvlna^^iulDCpli'.- W.John Mi-wl'jwn, 
who in hin later years waa u^4l3T>il by Jofmph 
Priwtlev; BiiJ nl IpHwich by Wrig-ht, who 
died in November !"0!, «u[t-i! i-2. 

Fuirfnx □iiirrii.-'l KlixaWih. daughter nf 
William CowjH-r i>t .MiMbLiroiinb, I >i.>rbv»hin>. 
From his cldwl Ann, Nallmni-d (MiCil -ir?:J), 
KD* drM viidpd lli>^Ktfljl('8ofl_'n>-.'ririg, SuiTolli, 
who jirtMip.-3 an orijfinA] painting of John 
Fnirfnx ; a duplicalo a in lh» jfoxeusttion of 
tW Ham'ood^ of Ilal l i<.fnrd, de»c«uded from 
his daughter EUzahci h ( Ixirn 1 6(^ ), who mar- 
ried SmuuvI r^ludd of Coddttiiliani, SulTulk ; 
bis oUinr children wi;re Thomas (?) and 
WiUiam. 

llu pubruhfd : ]. < The I>ead Saint Rpuih- 
ing.'&<:., 1(!79, 4to (Ihin if KM'nnun preached 
III Dt-dham, Easox. nn 16 S.>pr. l(!iW, in m.> 
mory iif .Miitthi'w Ni'wcomeii [q. v. i; it was 
rt'purit'd to iSbHdon as contninin^ ' (fiiiiet'riius 
wonU'iil nn 'outrageous eonvuiiticli;;' thi' 
publication, whiph iR-ftrs Fmrfax's inilialn, 
wae made agoinet his eonM.-ni by Julin (.''ol- 
linRi'*, D-D. [q. v.j). -J. • np*<rtfirVfuor tnt^rii 
Ti/iijr n.^tot . . . lilt' of . . .0. StocKlon , . . 
funeral Bermoii," Ac, 1(591, \2uvi (dudicalcd 
totltoLady Brook; the si^riuon hiiit M-paniin 
titlfl-pngo, * Mors 'IViiuuphula,' &c.) Of ihu 



tliv Ipswii-h mM'tiiii^-lKMisie ; dedicnlMl to Str 
Thomaa (?iidd<m, ihumb^rliiin of tht city of 
I^ondoa). His funpRil rtiTinon ( 16711 > for 
Samuftlt^prinp.ejwied from Si., Mary 's.C'nx'l- 
ing, ix quoted by f'nhMnj-, but does' cot Hecm 
to nave been pubUshtd. 

(Funtml Swinon by S. IIiiTy, 1702; CsbraT'i 
Ar«oant, 1713, [<[>. 043 K|..tt63.6C2«>[].; WnlkeVl 
Suffiringa. 17l4,ii. H3 ; I'ltbner'a NoocDnf. Me- 
Boriitl, l&03.iii.:i49(innki«bimofC)iriiitOhiircli, 
Oxford): '^iMon* Ih^t. <'<jllrt,-() of Camu» 
Chriiti (UnU), IB3I i Tii;b>r'« ^aflolk Burtbo- , 
loouuw, 1$I0, p. U tq. (cixf* origtBAl l«ltl^r•, 
Mi*«r«.acd podigTMs, iind lilbngropiiMl [ortraii 
B7 Weld Taylor}; V»*u» Enag. Nonoont iu 



tuMS. 1 fit)3. p. 383 ; ItfnirDi-'i H nl. Voagr. Nc 
HDi] .■^tiK. 1877, pp. 367, SSU, SUO. 491, i93 ^.ll 

A 0. 

FAIRFAX. JOHN (1804-l877),jourmd^ 
istaiiil iiii-inbiTof lb'.' li-gLilulivv uouncil, Ni-^ 
South \V'ule»,wii« born m Warwick, Engl* 
in lt*tii. After a abort tira« spi^nl at Krhmt 
he waa, nl. ihu ikgu of iwnlvt-, anprentioi-d t< 
a pnuti;r in hii^ native luwn. Huriug mtve 
hia time be went tii Ixmdon and worked fut 
i!omu yt-iin on thv ' Morning Chronidi>' n"W(j 
|Ki|H'r. Hisni'xl itttTp n-nc ti< cvit up kh prints 
and bookseller in l>-amin;nnn, nciir hU home 
and friondii. He nl>ii <iiMnt.-d u Dewii)ia|*?r|i 
and, luiviiig marrii-d, ^-ttb'd don-n as a lefld-^ 
ing membdr of ibe coagn-viiiional lH.>dv ill| 
thui town, BiieincM proHp^rod fur a witttt 
but hi» newnpaper brought biiii into trouble^ 
for, in con»H]uencR of some srrict.unu on »• 
public otfirt/r, liv vau^ prosocutiyj for lihtd, 
and, thoMgU iho dt-ct-iion wsm in hi* favour, 
iho co8t» wvro more (ban he cwuld ih'-n par. 
Hi-. i!EiiigTnte<) with hbi vmnK fiunilriand uii 
2fi 8ept. 1IW8 hp arc-plVd th.^ .iflicr ..f libra- 
rian lo the Auflnilian ^ulwcripttoci Lihraiy 
in Syliii'y. Krt- lotijf he wi»« enga^'vil by 
Mr. Stokes, the proprietor of the "Sydnty 
Morning Herald, then ■ iM-wi-ekly pajMV, In 
utslti in the work of editing and puhlmhiji^. 
In l»41, in conjunction with Mr (.'hurlci 
Kemp, and aided by manv frionda whoAf 
confini-u<rt> hi- iiad ^itn-d, lie ItHik the bolil 
step of buying th«' • IIiTald ' of Mr. Srokt 
(.VhivitImI into u daily morning pBp«'r, thfl 
* Herald ' wion bccanii' and Alill rvmaiiis the 
leading journal of Knstvru Audtrolin. lit' 
Ifii'il Fmrfax vi.4iif-d ICnglfiud. where his firtt 
eare was lo pay oil' all debts tb«l be hod \ettf 
unpaid in Lenmini^on tliirteen years birfur 
U4^tKmillg to Sydney in iVSS with large ad- 
ditions lo his knowlfl^.- uf |irtitt mgiirucesaec^ 
and newspaper work, be bmight out bit fritmif 
and paiint^r, Mr. L'. WuL-h, and bteam>>!»>U 
proprietor of thrt 'Sydn^v llcmld.' H.- after 
wurdi> made Ilia Bims hi? partoi'rH. A cit'ond. 
ri-HJI lo K»g!nm! (in ISfCJ) cuabM bim stili_ 
further lo develope bia oowki;ga Mtabllsb-' 
ment in Sydney. 

He loo)< an active part in tlie rarioiiA i<t 
teq)n«f« of his time. Iwtb bnnovolent iui4] 
IiraottCfll, had h large Hhare in ibe estnblinh' 
ment and management of thu AustraliaitJ 
Mutual I'roridcnt riooiely, ami rfmoiae 
always a moH iisefid memiNT of tltn 
gTt-|i;al iimol body. Onlr once lie presentc 
bimsclf as A candldn'.e for th« legiidait« 
OKwmbly, whpn he was defeated. In I87C 
hi) became a menilicrof tbo council of educA- 
tion, and iu 1871 lie was a)ipuintfd n mem- 
ber of th.> le,n*Utive coitiiciL This honour 
be enjoyed for only ihrw years, dying at hii 



«37 



Fairfax 



trudt-nr- iltu, itcnr Kostt \iay, Port 

Jtch^T.. '.\iv lt*77, ii^d 73, 

l< I'll in {laiujkhli't Tunn the eiih- 

Ct": r-rnr*-, (l(livt-r<-^ ii] t.be mufiic 

h»U. !.■ ■!! ' Tie ( 'oloiiie* of All»- 

tnUii,i]. lioD, E'rri^i^, niid l*rcaeat 

Sut4>; lijc l'..io\erT"f llwUoldl'"idd»,'*c., 
l»iul wilt. l*Tf), Ixiiitf. [1R52]. 

[n<!«Uin*8 Auotnlinti UicUoiiar^v of D»'» ami 
Jteii o/ Lhi- Time , M^^^mrnl• Argus, 18 Jnn« 
IBTT.] K. II. 

FAIRFAX, NATnANlEL,M.D.flfi3r- 

1000 ),di%in>? finil plijsiciiin, was bom L*l July 

Itt!" ■' .'I ' ' ■■" t ' ■! -1 -on of IVnjamtn 

F:i - ' t orHiiiiiburifb, 

Sti:: ... . iiijthhT i>f Koger 

■nd JoAitf t^ulliui). Tim familv cluiuivd 
kiadreil with ihe J-'nirfax*^ of Vi)rkj"liin-. 
xfklhAnipl waj< rditutod nt Cor])iB Cttristi 
Cisllegis, t'omlirid^fr, <u ■ mt^mlwr »f wbicli 
h*;iirt»c<vdcdM.A. ih HWI (Cimfatir, Gtadi-' 
«fi, IT't'.p. I35|. DiirinjiibtfComuioHwenltli 
ti»^ ritti! u* thi! iwrpctiitti curncy of 

W -iilfiilk, wIh-uci; \v: wn* «jwl»<i 

m Iti'.JJ lur .i-fio'injf li> runform. tie llion 
tornMl Ilia fttii>nli>>n Ca phytic &)■ n tnmiii! uf 
lif ' ■ --k till' drffr^'j "f JIJ>. al fjfy- 

d.i. [Lfyiteit .VwA-«/*, Index Jvic. 

p. .•! , Ti ^tliich occftoi'Jii III' }iubli«)ied Iiik 
luftuipinil diwM-rtJitH.n 'll<i Liiraliriciii,' 4to, ] 
I^i^'dTi, U!70, luiii praciieed lit Wiodta-idgv, i 
HiiiTdlk. Tli.ri lie H-rotc'ATniiTi*i> of rill' | 
nulh Aiid SflvidiT" ofilu* W<irM. \Vb>;rviii ; 
the t iniiIufSA, Litcli'iienj, and LBStintfTifM i 
nf BimIu^ nn- frvH-ly fajindlfd. Wir)i an 
An*wiT lt> Ti>nlMmitm \\f Xivtt, bv H aniiiel] 
IfftfVr'. n.Il.,'8Yn, I^ndtm. ie(4,whicliw 
ctLntiU''('>f tiioalTiK'tMli'XcliiHiotiorall word* 
borrawi'd frtitn Ibi- Ifjimcd lui^iUf^i^. Al- 
Uiou)^ lit' WM ni'vcr n fcllDW. Fuirf«\ coii- ' 
tnlnitp<l Mijii'' paptfra to tin- • I'liilowipltiral 
TmavirtirflK'of th« Itnynl An-u'Iy, wnoujf 
[lidin oni; giving * iii<ilAiMY-B of iHt.:iiliiirili<?ji 
(if tuttirc ^itli in in<-n ami l>ruii>t>' (ii. MU). 
Hit iii«l \'2 Jmiio W*), aihI whs buried nt. ! 
W 1 Ho true twice married. By 

hi'^ iCItxaU'th JllnvlttTby, lie liad 

ftHii Min- diiil four dutif];hti>rf>, nf wlioni oiif . 
Km. Ukcki^rliv, iiud lUnx' dauglitvn onlysur- I 

vir-i • ' I 

i 4 VxiKPWiJl, IT-H)wiiflttiin:iii- 

tipr I 111 Cbristi f"oll>^', *'iunl)rid(ri', 

«hi'n> lit* Trnik till' two d^grtt'.i in itrtR, R.A. I 
IGJi^i. M \ I'l't:: i,i,>! ^...i.^ ert-nUil M.l). ! 
*f.' * 'Ar lieiiiiuati, ' 

!"?■, I. Cninltridgt' be 

•tudiuii io«in'iui' nt the miivtrfity of Lrydcil. 
at wliirli !i" ■^■n'-- ri-Jmiftfd M.I>. on It* April 
!id<-iS.x-.p.»»). Up 
.jiiutlii!Uavy,butliad . 



rpliwd by 1717. Howrotp: 1. 'A Diecnune 
iipuii tbn Uniting Scollund wilb Knglniid : 
contJiiniDfT the p^eml ndvanln^ of such lui 
Union to bntli Ki»H''"f"'^.' '"^c- (unon.), livo, 
London, 1 7U-.>. ^.'Inl.Audi'niKotaiiirHsOrfttiO' 
, . . OntbeI'r«iwofUotany,aflpewh,&e. . , . 
To wtiicb ia m!d«l a prti-latorj- di*CO«r*fi for 
urtkblittliing n Wlurv i>n l>oiiiii\,' Liitiu and 
Kntili«h,-tli.t, U^iidon, 1717, a.'Onvrio Apolo- 
(O'lii'i pro !(•' Ili^rburia iwntra McdicrM Mn- 
llu'tuuiicje. ... A SpwwJi . - ■ wlierein i» 
givi-n tint idrAof vi'gt-tatinn eiul n pleo fortbo 
uHo.of botany in pliyakk a{;aiuat tbv otglvct. 
of it in favour of mutli<-niiitick!>,' Ijiitiu and 
l^n^tiflh, 4io, London, 171*^. lit* aUo |iub- 
lisLfd ' A Trealiseof llie Jiwt lnt>Ti'»t ol tlws 
Kinps of England, in their fntn dispooiu^ 
power,' Ac, Il'iuo, J>.<»don, 17«t, n trnct at- 
tributed to Sir Matthf^w Ilalc, to wbtoh lie 
tuliled ' a pre&lor>- discourse in answer to a 
di»ci)un>« on ^LntA and resumptioms' and 
♦The lifter -which I'opc Ori'pjry XV wrote 
to Cliarle* 1 of Knpliun! (ronctniiiig hwmar- 
riapftoiholnfantaof Simin.andthal Priiice'* 
Au3w»!r,' wbich drew forlh »iniB • (IbserviL- 
tioiifl 'from Williftm Matthews, 4to, IpBwicli, 
172©, 

IBfownr'a IlinL of CiniRri-siiliotinl i»m in Nftr- 
I and Suffolk, p. 494 n.; Cal.imy'* Nooconf. 
Item, od, Pnlmer, IBUZ. iii. 28JI, 29o.] G. Q. 

FAIRFAX or FAYRFAX, BOBFRT 
(f/. i:yj»), nnwii-inn. is described ■» 'of Jky- 
fiird in JietiV and as hi'longing to the ancient 
Vorkshjre family of K«irfax,bnt Ilia namu wn* 
invariahlv written Kayrfax l)y his conttsm- 
poninr».'Ur.Uiiniey (/'"/. ii. fi47) aurmisBB 
that the twi»-part song * Tliat was my woo i» 
nowe mv most ifladnf-sw* ' wa» »ddrc»«:d to 
Houry Vl I on hi» a^icendinij tin' throne af^er 
llio battle of lioBworthi-'iefd. If thiawuTBBO, 
n Inter <l*t» tlinn 1470 could not be anigned 
forbii birth. It was prubably during tbelast 
decade of lilt- fifteenlhcMilurytbnl li,'i>wa8ftp- 
TiEiiutrd ori:nnii»t at St. Albans. ThvorgwilMid 
wi-npivi-u totheabbeybyAblKilJobnWhot- 
haDii'lede in l4W,and wn.'» considered the iinest 
uriiiin Ibfnin I^ngbiii-I. Fairfax i« Mipposed to 
bnvi^ hfid ibf jxiat of ' informator cnor!,' or 
chanter ( Wooi>, jtfi". AV'f«> Bodleinn). Th« 
pnin» Bulbnrity wys: ' I have M*n several of 
hit rUiireh serrices of Ti (turli in tb* ArchiTW 
of the pnbliclt Musirk Scbooli- nt Oxon, o( 
wbii'b oiw wrw called (lui Laving the bi'ginninc 
of* "Albanut." (marpn "another Uc^olia'^ 
and «o\-oral anthems which won siin^ in 
munfuitical or conventual eboirs, but nrw all, 
or at least most ly lost.' He wa.i ot St, Albans, 
und probably in nn olticiuJ capacity, in ir)03, 
wbi-n h>' nwuived 'iOt. ' for Utting nn antbt^m 
ofoure ladyandSunL ElizubetL' {iYivy I'um 



Fairfax ^^>3 

^rpawj^ KlutilftA nf i or*, 28 >liircli ] 
L&&). He UKik t1i« degrue of Mits.1). at 
OaiDorid^ in ir>04, nnd vnn ntlmitlvd to tbu 
■am« dtwrae at Oxford in li^l 1 . I'he * cxerriau ' . 
for his £^T9e 16 prwervijd m a UrRe wid vcnr ' 
bcitutiful choir book in rtic IjAinb^Th Palftce . 
Lilirary (Cat. do. 1). It is a Gli>ria in five 
part*, and is complete, a« tbc parts vcve ' 
wriu«n in ' cuutue UtcinUs,* i(ut«a<i of in , 
Mparale part-bookm. The t>th«r portionaof' 
the mAfis, which follow immciliAtdy upon ' 
thcO]oria,arv probubly hv Fairfax, although ' 
liis Tuuiie only ftppcarft over this one move- 
ment. This may pussibly Uq a portion of 
OD* of lliK fi^Tvpart maMM mentioned hj 
Wood as exiatin^ a^ <>xford. The ulber 
mauoabyhim arv in tlirco par1». Hi»iiitni« 
Amt appears &a out* of the gvnilfimiia of the 
King*! Obapel in UiOi) (22 Jun«), whim be 
w««(;riTuD annnniiityof 9/. ^A.^i/..^! be paid < 
port ontof thefamiof C'olemnre, Ilampsnire, ' 
hy the prior of HalKwykc. ond thf remainder 
out of tho iuuL-a ofllainpitbiro. Jn L&IO he 
was jiaid for the board and inslruciion of, 
aundrv chi>ir-boyi>, and in ]51S (6 AEarL'b) | 
John VjiMhnr, n ^•ulli-inun of tbt- chtijxtfl, t»- , 
ceiviv a corrodrin lli« raonacl-'ryof Manley 
'onit«»iirrendi'rbv Itobert Fairtm.' Id \i>- i 
vembcToftbftt.ycarFairfaxand Ilobert Hjthft- 1 
aee receive on annuity iu aurvirorship, on sur- 
render of Ihuptitcnt of 22 Jiini.-, I llfii. VIII ' 
<150BJ. Oil 10 Sopl. lOIJ he was appointed 
ona of the poor knights of Wind»Of , with an 
allowancv of l'2d. a day. ia addition to his 
annuitv. Varioiu i>ntripA in (be State I'ap^n | 
»liow tuat hu added cvii^idimblv to bis tiicoinu i 
by writing (lutnmiiic-biiiiki*. 'I be sum of ^tV. i 
appoarsaa the most unual charqvfor 'a pr>x'ki.^ 
aougo book.' or ' a bold hvkv limuL-d (Lv. . 
illutninal^dl. It is almo&t n uintti-r of cer- 
tainty thai, till' celnbniU'd l-'airfas MS. le tuch I 
a hfitilt »■ l)iiH, writti'H bv himM'II', |>i<rbiLp« 
for bin own use. He diiid ehorrly bitfore 
12 Feb, 13:^, on which day RythpB«; (or ' 
Bith wit-y) had to surrender thr-pm.-nt of to 13 
to li. Ituctande upon ihv death of Fairfax, 
lie was buri(>d in St. Albans Abbey uudor a 
•toot) uncrwordv cot vri-d by lb-:; wuyor'H s*;al , 
(th« maTor*-ft4'B seat, woording to iho title- , 
SB^ of thu Fnirffuc Al-'i.) Two single |Mrt- 
boolraintbi rni\<'rHit}-IJbmryiindKLjMhn*i> 
College IJbrarr at Cambridp} contain part 
of a mau by him, probably lor ihrt* roico?, ] 
Redder the masses in the Music ^Iiool at 
Oxfotd, tbe Fairfax MS. (Add. MS. fil6&j 
contains the most important of thi> works that 
have comedown to lu. The litlc-[)a^«Jiow« 
his coal of arms, which U-ars a ftuHicient to~ 
aemblaoeii to lliat nf the family uf ]-'airfax of 
DcepiiiR Gate, Ltucohmhin;, oltbnugb it ii ao 
badly Hfexoaett as to luTenotnutironhyau- 



Fairfax 

ihority; a reference to tbepngeaon whirbhia 
own compo«ticma are to b» tbund ; the motto 
(in rvil irik)'Faiu-urd'un Koy aut'[f j roialle 
n'eaC poA Eerilazfl [^j ' and the nam«s of t)u> 
latwr owners of the book, Gwnenil Fairfax 
(161«), and Kalph ThorMby of I«-wU, the 
author of ' Uucatus Leodicniiiii.' Amou^ 
many comiKr«il ions by Newark, Sberyii^ham, 
Hamjihere, Turges, i^ir 'i'Loman I'lii'lypptvt, 
W. Comywbe, Krowue, Itanesirv, &c., ar« 
Ave songs hy Foirfiix : ' That was my wcot ' 
above mentteiH-d, ' Must cluru vf colours and ] 
rotu of stedfofltneMe* for three xoici*, in tlu* 
initial M of whivh iLv compoeor'a arm^ ans 
again foan<l; and thni^ otbiT aongit fi>rtbr\}« i 
voiem (lepriati'd in Stair.ird Smith*A * Enirlijili ' 
Songs'). FInwkins gives an ' Avd aiimnia{ 
el^miutia ' from tlu.) tame manuKTipt, which, i 
is Dot to be found in it : an 'Aw litmvu^ 
^tiic* for four rotccs is in Add, MS. odM^ | 
and a canon with aa enigmatical iascri|<tioD 
in Add. M.S. ;IIU2'J. Tbeaiugic (Bassns) part 
(in tbr British Musvum) of a svl of bot)k« ; 

f Tinted by Wynkj'n de Worih; and publi;ihed j 
Oct. li'i.^ contains an 'tTt, re, my, fa,, 
ml, la' for four vuicw,aDd n thnw-ixu'l song-i 
*>lyharte«liut;' a manuscript (Medius I ]»rl- 



b-wk <Hjiri. US. 1"U9> contain- ' ' •-. ubi 

Alpha ft 0;' and Add. MS. '. .in«{ 

theaccumpaaimentj?, inliite t( i :w»i 

motets anda mass '.S]>on«us <i lut.' 

Afragmentof a aougultli il:>' N^til- 

come Fortune ' wa* Tvci*n!iy I'oiind in tbe 
lining of a binding in the library of Ely Ca- 
thedral. Thi»Chri*l Cburx'b and IV NThuuM* 
volli^ctions contain mu&ic hv Fairfax, and 
Iturauy (HUt. \\. UU\, &.c.i girv» ' Thul wa* 
my woo," the ' Qui loUia,' and ' Ijunniuai ' from 
tbt> masavullud ' Albnniu,' and a'Gluha'fnniL 
■mother inaaw, all for thrm Tuittta. 

[llrovo'« l>i<'l.i.6I0,ii. 68T; I' Ks- 

pci»«i of Kli»d.^tli 'if yl>^k, cd. N -Hi'i 

Allit-u» Oxou. ml. i., FAsLi, >nii. i.'.:; txiod'i 
jrS, Nolra in liotttrian Libmrv; Brtw^r'a Sloto 
I'af«).T. Henry V|l|, i. 'iS; 6jfnd.nr oi SUtc 
Paperv, Item. lAH-'iV, mimuiicriiif? in Urit.Uos. 
Hi a\tnf> ; iufumiacioii from W. Ilnrclny Sqniro, 
e-.|.] J. A. r. M. 

FAIRFAX, BOBEUTi ItWrt-trani.rcai^ 
ailmifDl, M-^'ond kiu uf ^\'il]jam Fairfax of 
Sirt'ion andNiiwtonKymf in Yorkithin!, and 
pmndficmofSirWilliamFQirfnx^il.v.^.calont'l 
in tiir« pnrliniD<.-ntiir\' army, slain at tbr n-linf 
of Montgomery on f 7 Ir^pl. ItVI-1, wnn bom ta 
February 1066-y. lit- first wi.nttoM-a in ltJ*l 
in a mvrchnnt ship, \\iis Mnrv, onimandisdil 
by Captain Uushidf, ihe iwn ot au old iiarUa 
mentary otficiT. With Dushfll ho mf^iV twn 
Tt^agcato thu Meditiirmm-an. Ua biit tvtu 
in IWoralier lUSo bi» friends worf diitirous 
that ha should enter thv royoL navy, but ib 



. mt till JftniuLiy 1(167-8 ihftt bi< ww n- 
inJ m* m ToIunU!(tr nii board tlie Muy, 
sbip of Sir Roger StncUaiif] [n- v.] 
« li'w wtwks ullpr tJiP ■CT,>™uoii of 
Atom iktid Marv, Fairfax was pTxitnated 
Mo)x* li<.'ul>'naiit oi the Bonadv^^nHirc, cmn- 
nuitltd bTC*{itAin<hAi-r«'iirili) iiiir Thnnuwt) 
UflperHio [^. V J In tier be was prcM-nt nl. 
Ih« battlf la Buittn,- Bay, 1 Mn)- ]6hu, unit 
ftft^muxU a; the nh*'( of Lniulonclern,-, 
an Ju!t [*ee DofG[j,8, AmtKEw], In Junr 
1090 lloitMnn ivus relieved in the commanil 
lie IwuaJvi.uiurv bv t'itpt«in Hubbard, 
t FairAtx, rcitiaitking iu Lt-r, was present 
battle of Btadiy Ili-ad pb 30 Juno ^ 
Oti 16 Nor. lu' M-)u> jircmoted to tliA , 
tbd of tlifl Ciinoppiinn priii!. and for 
Fth* next two ymr* whs sla(iim«l nt lIfi»ton 
fin Nftv Knglaitd,rnii'ink'n(rntni»1 the French 
-, III Jiiii"? Uiih FairfnJt waa mowU 
; Vinibroln- of fW ^■iinA.Aii(l,rfiurninf^ ' 
tLcr lu England, vra^appoinl^il IoiIr' com- 
nf the Ituby,a 4.H-fnn fillip, ordered to 
' OD thu C(.iiu>t uf imaiid for t liu urulei'* I 
ion of trade. "ft'Iiile oii tbiM iierxice lie liad ' 
IP cnod fortune tr> 4.'aptun', iiflur n bunl- 
iiignt ■(lion, tli« Kntri'iimtuiiil, a Frenrh 
riw»ti-er of the samd nominal force, but 
r, and wilb a niorc iHiiiii<n.>ii> c-oiiipli>- 
In rerngnilion of this vrvirp iu- vaa 
[>le<i, 21 Itec. low, to tho command of 
r-vrark of iSO K*inK. in which, mid af>«r- j 
in llitj ComwuU, hf waa eniploytd in , 
ivoy ««>rvtix-, in tbu (lianucl, in Ihv Bav ! 
>f Bisca)r, or on tb^ i-o<ul of Portuipl, till . 
tliM pi'M-^ of IlTswitrk [Me Bt:KKiXKr, J«»,v, 
linl I^iKI): koDCB,SUiQw>BOE;SllOTEU., 
IR CuiWUlfiLBrJ. 

IlT[Jiedut)ianuieldL<rbrolliEr,an ^Jan. 

|69J, bo kod BUcotmdvd to the Stoirtuu and 

iuwf''m Kviiii- irilatcs.and op 'JO N'lv. of I hi- I 

amtf vcar bud married Eslbt^rt the hihIi-t of 

li(i ol'l c»|ita'n. RuaIii'II, nnd widow of a Mr. 

^llArlM Tomliiiiion of Whitby, to whom, 

li t»n yeani I'l'liir than liiiii«elf, he had i 

iboyiahatMrhnieiJt fmni tl;i' timeofhu 

lo iv*. lo Mflj HJyy I'airfax com- 

, I ho St.'Vem, which in the following 

■ ''thvlWl f^etil under SJrUvor[ju 

■ luauiiain iht t-ealyof Altona 

... I'jiuDark nnd llolilviu. On rw- 

tfae Baltii; b'> wiu> npiMiinIrd r^ 

Ice. nnd in January 1701-1', on 

Icrlnmlion of war, waa trnna- 

. I'-ifon ship IC4>f<loral.ion,nneof 

liMdtuu wliicb wled under Sir John 

fq v." it] Mnr Afli-r failiriff lx> in- 

inin off Uorosna, 

■iimfed to Spiibead, 

in Lib' lullun;!!^ uutumn Fairlax waa 

at out to reiidurtu (he j^nuid Ib-ct, wliiuh 



tie joined at Vi^ on Id Oct., too Uto to 
alurc in ihe glory or the treaHum, hut In 
llatti to lalto ijiirt in the labour of refittinff 
llw prixeci aiiu hringiiig Ihem lo KnglancC 
The Rtstorution wae then put out of cran- 
miMiion, «n<l in January llvii-S Fairfax was 
atjpointfd to tho SomeiMt, from which in 
Jiay he was transferred to the Kent an fltff- 
oaptftin l-o Hmr-adminl Thomas Dtlkes ^q-rr), 
wilh wlujm he f^t■l■^vd durinff thi' sumnnf, 
and especially lu the wholveale enptuit> oT 
'IriAtnicrion at the French merchant ships at 
(irnnviilo ou JH July, a wrvict- for wlitcli 
Fairfax and tho other captains onaap-d, aa 
wuU ua thu n.'ttr-uduiinu, received a ^'"Id 
medaL With the mw yeiir i'nirfiiit com> 
mifuoned the Berwick, a 70-gun ship, in 
whidi ha Mibsl in Starch to join Sir Oijorfto 
liotike and the grand t)i>t*t at Litilion; with 
tliiii the Berwick continued during the aum- 
inc-r; waa one of the six bIiim which raiiiljr 
chased a French fiC|uadroii otfCaiie l'ttlo« oa 
8 May, d failure for which Fairlux and the 
ol her captains were trii-tl by cnurt-uinrtial, 
but fully acquitted ; wn« onnof the division 
act twllyi-iigo^red under Byuf? at the red uct ion 
of Gibraltar (2UJitlv), for bt9 chore in which 
exploit ' I heqneea afterwards prwentedFair- 
fos with n »ilv(T cup and cover btiaTinif a 
Auitabla inscription, which U Mill nr^iscri'ed 
by his dc»wndanls'(MAiiK.ii:iJt.p. li^l): and 
took an honounihlt; |virt in the battle of 
Malaga (13 Aug.), where her mii»t&, rig- 
ging, and Mils were shattered and toru, and 
ahe had mty-uine luea killed and ivounded. 
The Heel aflem-arda returned to Ktiifland for 
the winter, luid in tha following Fehnutiy 
the Hem tck was paid oH' at Olialham, Fair- 
fox heirg immedislely appoint<>d to ihp Tor^ 
bar. Iu her he again went to the Mediler- 
nitteati, unilKr I he cuniinnnd of Shnvell, and 
participated with the flttet in the ri'durtioa 
of Barcelona. After the rapt un> of Monjuicit 
the priitonfiniworeMnl on board the Torbnyi 
the TorbttTBunpUedguiLtitoann the fort, and 
MiiloTS to Mul thom up the hill: her mariucA 
were landed for nervico in the trvnebol, and 
Fairfax InuiBclf had couiuuiikI of tha MVetl 
Ifuiub vetfiels, wboftu lurrible Sre cowed the 
ffnrriaoQ, and rendered the auiinntrhcs of the 
ucu«g<m oa^er and safer. Nvluui the town 
ciipit iilat^-d on -l Oct. (lie aeosoo was alreAd j 
far ndrann^, and, aeconling to the custom 
of tho day, the fleet at once returned to Eng- 
land. In March 1706 Fairfax woa appointed 
to the BarBeur. uud comumnd^- in -chief in 
thu Thames and Medway, hut in May be wa4 
ordert-d round to tJjuibead tu join iShorul), 
then preparing to carry over on expvditionaiy 
fnn.-eml€iidedlo<iinM'tad«sc«nt on thecoaat 
of Francv. After vainly waiting for t, pr<>- 



■airfax 



140 



•airfax 



miaed Dutch equadroa till th» eummet vn» 
paMed, ft WMtnrly ^« farced tli« (Uet to 
take diellcr in Torbnjr, whoro it vtab di-taiiiml 
for M-vuml wi^r^ka, ami tii« ortifinBl iili« of n 
landing in Franc« hud I'l he given u\t. The 
]tpnrit.-k,bTstn>« i^f wi-nthtTtSiir^ng a limk, 
and wofl fmind to l» 11 nio>A worthy. She ri^ 
tiinwd with ditBcullj- to I'uiteuiDutb, wht;t>e 
iMrd Itivi-r*, thft ^cn'^ral in commnnil of thti 
troopit. with hij> nlaff, who hnd cmtiJrkM nn 
boBrd, WBH lrnn>hippei] to t lie Tartar fricntf', 
whl]« in I>i'ivnib':r Foirfax, with hi^ Khin'it 
coin paiiy, was turtKnl over to tlit! Albemarle, 
atid during tbo c&rlv part of 1707 whs com- 
mander-iii-^-btcrat K>r1em<.>uib. In Augual, 
however, h*? was supi^rA^Jn!, Sir Jobn Ix-ako 
having chosen tb^^' Albemurtt' as bis fla^hip. 
Oon»(^qiienl on llii;<t>uilh ()f Sirf^lnwiidlejr 
Shovvll (l>li Oct. 1707), a prompiiion of flap- 
officmwa* made on 8 Jan. 171)7-8. Knirfiw, 
^ty hlft seniority, wa-^ pritiiiTlT inrlucU'tl, and 
a commission an vic^adntiral of t be blui^ won 
made out for him. was dignod hr tho loi\l 
high admiral, and wat< ^roxuitod. It waa then 
can celled, and l^ord iJuriloy.who was much 
kii junior, was, by tbv political inten»r uf 
hifl&imily[aeeIlEHKi:i.i:v, James, Ihinl KaIiL 
op], madiivicondinimlof the blue in hieBli^nd, 
wilb iwniririly uf lU ,riin. Fairfax:, naturally 
inditmant at tbia unworthy treatment, n»- 
fiiwd all further service. Prinr*j George. 
indi<ed, obraini'd for him a commijt<if>n nx 
rear-admiral, and half-pay equal to tluit of 
the ranii whicli tm bnd bL-<?ndfpnvi-d<if ; and 
DD :J0 June J 70S hud him nominated a member 
of the CouQcit of till! lord hi^Ii uJmiral; but 
with iho ]>riiiceV di-utb. "Ji? (At., ibijt «pp"ini- 
ment eam« lo au i-nd, and I"airfnx retired 
■Itf>pethcr from navid life. At a hr-oU-olion 
ia I7)'l he was iTituruwl to parli/imeat fur 
thocity of york.but Icwit hix avnt in the gene- 
ral election after the aceefwion of Georgi- 1. 
lie bad mt'nnlimf- Ix-t-n elreta-cl nn iihhTmaii 
of Vork, of wtiirh rity hit whji further elected 
lord mnyor in I7ir>. In tbefteundolh«r local 
dutictfandin the managetnent and develop- 
ment of hJB haiidaome property, ibe remain- 
der of his life pawwd away, and ho died 
17 Oct, 17^5. lie wna buried in the chnnh 
of Xewton Kytne, where sixtj yean before 
he had been chriiloDud. Hhi wife, tbough 
ten years oldor, aurvivr^I bitn by Irn ytaira, 
and (lied at the a^re of eighty in 17^0. Hi 
ifefl. two children, n da«Kht*ir, who marrietl 
&tr. Henry Pawnon, the aon of an alderman 
of York, and a son, Tliomns, whose poelority 
Mill bold tbc cMaic* of Steeinn, Newton 
Kyme. and llilbn^ujih. whieh la«l Fairfax ac- 
qnireil by purebase Irooi the collaleml family 
of Lord hairfux. There nre tlii>xt portniiw 
of the admiral, taken at the ages of thirty, 



odtV 
ffoe^ 

in 
rk, 

lad , 

■re. 
ert I 

M 

tie^H 
[>d.S 

Lha " 



forty-two,andebQnlf befori^htK'Jealb. ThoT 
are all in lh« poaaeaston of hit family al IliU 
brottgh. In a regii^ler tick'-t.dalud ItMM.h 
ia dehchbed ea a tall utid wi-_lJ>M!t man •){ 1 
fair complexion, which carTBf|Kinds with the 
parUtT [lortrait of the same date. 

[Tbn Lif« of llobart Fairfax, ' compiled fro' 
oriiiinal lelicrs and other docuraimtr,' by C. EC.' 
Mitrkhaiii, in A fall ami dritiilnl Ijri;, hoc oiily of 
Fairfax, but aim ef hi* fiunily and Dimicnua 
relation*. It i* Mpadally rch in tbo n«Tal hi»- 
lory of tlm mriod. TIm m«noir in CliamockV 
Dli>^. Nar. it. 312, ia mmgro and oawUiffi 
lory.) J. K. " 

FAIRFAX, THOMAS, first Lord F, 
l-AX fif Cameron in the S4X>tti.<ih peemga. 
(15tW-lW0>. lildefet i-on of i^ir Thomas Fair- 
&kx of Di-nlim nud Nun Applelon, bolh in 
Yorkfiliire, was bom at Itilbnugb, near Vork, 
inKiHO, A»ayoHn(rmanlioaawmuch8>iTic8 
in the Low Tountne^, where he oamtDandad 
a company of foot under Sir Francis Vere. 
In I r»82 he marriMl Fllen, duughter of Ttohert 
Askeof Auiihton,Vorkihire. Ileforc and aft< 
tliK deal b of Mnrr (Juet-n of Scot* be was tt . 
ployed by Elieabeth 011 wveral diplomat) 
eommuniimtiona with Jntue« VI of Scotland. 
Jamett oflvred him a title, which ho had tha 

firudetic* lo decline. In |.W8 hr tendi-rvd 
■i'l aervicea ta Jamea to RiinpreM a rebellion 
under Lord Maxwdl ; and on tbti d»«ih of 
Kliiabi-tb \ti^ wa.s with nix of his nearei«t 
kindred, one of tbe first Kn((lLjbmen who 
went to Scotland tosw>-*r fealty t'l f -■- '■ ■ • 
He bad ferved in France uiider 1 r' 

Fs»ex [aeu DEVERErx, ItOBEHT, LVj. i 

and was kniglitwd by Lim hvfure Kouen ii 
IWll. 

After the acceaalon of Jamos I to t 
thntne, he Killed down upon hi« oitat* 
Denton. He bn-d horses, and wrote a 
tiaa entitl'jd 'Conjeclur-is about 11 
Hliip,' yi'l •■xlnnt. in manuKi-ripl. He nil 
his bouM>hold with niilit^iry prwiaion. ' Tli 
Ord-ir for the Gov«mment of the II>>umi i 
Denton/ layingz down in (freat delait I): 
duties of every tw-r\'«nl, ia also exinnt. an 
pires an admirable picturv of a genlb-man' 
houMvboM at that t>eriod. 

.\a u ni'-mber of the council of the 
he was hrouiiht into OJnnw't •■ ■' 
t^brllirld, its [>tet>iileiil. Hi- 
Ferdinandti Fairfu [<[. v.], aia. . i,. .. -• !.- 
djiinrht.r. Mnrv, in UW". In lti20 Fi 
voiing>Tson:^^Villiamnnd.Tohn,were 
l:lngli!b nmty in tbe Li:)w (.'ountries. A let' 
from Willi.im stales that his ' whito-lmr 
father' had come over to join them, boi 
horamand anna, and bevn reo-ived with t 
rcjpeci du« to his former ik>n'ie<<s. He toon' 
returned, however, and in 1621 heard 



•airfax 



141 



'airfax 



I 



Uwir ^en^TKl tliai )<oUi liis boos liiwl been 
kiUvtlnt tln'eiigT-ri'rnnU--nthal. Twr. other 
•na»&iT eininl by Tluicvftby to have died 1 
^lOlj-nl iltinth 111 I be iamo year : Perfprine lit 
I^ Rocbello anil TLomiut in Turkt-y. I'pon 
the tircr^^iin iir('!i«rl>'» t, Kairfiw ansuccts*- 
' > <uwl tot Yiir)i<<hiru in ttu) {MkT- 
I 'viit. llf> <ln'n- u]) k Mntt<in«ut 
<, nod nn -t M»T 16:>7 waa rrantwl 
i\ nf Cuoema lo lije tK«ngu of 
[Tiiir'! t bpprmnt wa« fnrititntottby ■ ]>av- 
it nf I,fiOO/,. nrhicli wo* to indurlo nil ili« 
■' - -;-iiiie^, llif c>iinpliiinwl lb«t 
■ th<' IjAirs r-fliiired 1j_v tlit? 
.1— ;o convey tue coin Irom 
< .^tland. 
.^_. ^".'Ul ibr t»-in8in(l4!T of Iiia life Bt 
Pwnton, laliiofT, boweviT, i-von to llie lost, 
lurtivK Loif!n-i| iiiiianlx:rai>oblicalafiair«. 
ATC^tbUhip ^lultli«wa k A Tine complained 
Uutof 111- t hive Bona nn« ha'I wii wiihout 
■Ticv,aiii>ilier ftr^cr witbinit iTil,ftiiil n ibinl 
lnHth«r(.'Mu'i'aor wii, FairfM toromfort him 
••id that of bia ov-n tbren E^ms, fi^nliiintiil", 
bred tfibi-it.«^iliii<T,Vi~iL« a meri; rowan) illinry 
l.*t ^0* '>'*^<^' ^'^^ ^ divine, wna ooly pood aa 
aUrwyer: and Charter, »<int lo the inn< of 
BooTl, was DO iHwytir ibougfa a cound divine. 
He Ml') <■» another nrcajtion thnt be exj)cct4M 
t><i ' rr')inhin pIalMUon.Tll'laIa^^afl^:tr- 
^^ ntral [i). vj, but »bortlv bt-fow 
III I i hit( xnn C1iarle« rq.v.JlLat be 
M trnabJr abiiiit biMlaniily, tliiiik- 
iii,. ..M , n-otild t)<> niintrd aflt^r bis di-atJi 
b^t ho ambit ion ofl^iomHi^, 'bjd much bjbi« 
wif' ' !»,, l-j Jaw liiCil) bf wiw*' to his 
*i grandchild, Thomas Fairfax, 
Ci.i I T-Mii .r hnrn: m hid mnjeMy'a 
•MTriep,' r-\!. n to wrv«> the kinir, 
ab^\ 111- kr> ' private quarreU, and 
•1 ' common t-nomy (tbi.'' 
^^ iilly aon]4 doubla of 

Mnv 1040. Ilewa§burk>d 
»i ■ wbohaddiedinlfl^O, 

ill :OtlpyCTiun;h, wbt'iv 

■ I inti'il willi tb»-ir 

f,'. ' I.eirTirlues, The 

Ji^;|i;, w rir,i 11 i y i.<i«nnl I'aiHiiX tbp {io«'t, 

FairfAi'n hrnth(>r, dtiArribt^ bii^ wife: 

Hon IIm LmIi'b (TaitfalaeMi, ber« Rach^rs 

boaoty: 
Han Ib-bDoea'j faith, ben Sanh'i duty. 

?'-.:,!<■; i)!.':-..!!-- rTi.txiKncil nb'JVK. Fairfax 
I 'i, ,r»™rri'Hl lo Sir 

\'. \i(it', wif« of Sir 

<, N\.>..ll..y. 

'. r.nl. rt r. FAirfaxiiina' 
t rvintniniD^ 

)-' < rtcd.ortho 



Higbwsr to Hpidwibfrgh.' '2. 'Cottjecturea 
aboiit Iloracjtuinfihip.' 3. 'The Mnlitia of 
Yorksbirt'.' 4. A lar^n tmct o»th« Vork- 
sbint cavalry and against hottf^ racing, 
G. 'TheMolitiaof Purbam' 6. 'Onlrmfor 
the HouBo,' .to. 7. Many exc^iUpnt trflrt- 
tutoa ufion MTvral subjects and not bouud 
together. 

[UaaldatidOMiMklngiil.Crftnbrr 1870; Pair- 
fax ComepcKidron'. VDts.i.anil ii. ; Doujilaaand 
Wowl'a Scottish ['ccmgc. i. fiflO ; Markham'e 
Uintory "f ibi' thitil IjorI Fnirfiix ; Hart'o ht^ 
tun uD Whurftlala ; Aual<.-i:ln Fairfaxiana (maou- 
Bcripl),] T. P. 

FAIRFAX. THOMAS, thiixl UroFaib- 

TkX { I6I1'- 1(17 i>, general, son of Ferdinando, 

aeooadlordFairfax[q.T,i,wasbomatU<;iiton 

in Yorfmhin^on 17 Jan. It.l I - !:•( FaiifiLr Car' 

rtupfmdenee, i. 01). In 16:^t} ht> matriL-ulalvd 

at St. John's Collpg^, Cambridge, and ibrfe 

v<'ar!'lulor wft« sont to the LowCountriHelo 

Warn the art of war under Sir noractt V«tw 

(lA. i. &6. 160; Mvhkiiaib, U/f 0/ the fJrtat 

Lord Fnir/iu; p. 13). liewospreeenlat the 

«ifg6 of lioiv-lo-Diic (10*At), travcIK-d for a 

tinK in France and ettewbere, and rettirued 

lo >liiglaM<I in V^'2 in bopea of obtaining 

penniKinon to join thr 8vrt^i«h army in Oer- 

miinv { fairfaa (.'nrrm/Hnidenct, i. lOil)^ Fair- 

' fax married, on :Jl> Jmie 16S7, \a.tus Vtre, tho 

daURhlLT of liU v\<l commniider (ilr. i. ^9^ 

:VW> i Makkhau, f.. L>0). Dnring tfao fint 

Scoccb war Fairfax command^ a trtiop of 

IHU Yorksbirt' dragoons, mid was Imigbtcd 

by tb« king oa L'B Jan. UHO ('ItiBilwowril, 

iii. VJti: Calal'Mfuf vf KuighU). Ai'Oirding 

I lo Bunirt hfi hiul a command ia the army 

I which wan defeated at Nowbiim, ' and did 

j not stick to own that till he pas-icd the Tcf>it 

his U'gB tremblud undor him' (Oim Time, 

' 1R.t8, p. 10). Nevertheless it is doubtful 

whether ho took any part in the SKOiid 

I ScoU'b war. Fii>m the comim-DCruifnl of 1I19 

' civil war Fairfax waa promineul amuug ibu 

Bupporters of the parliament in Yorkshire.. 

On 'A Juno Ittii! b*^ (irtv^t^nled to the king on 

Ileyworth Moor a petition of the Yorki-liini 

gentry and freeholders. The king pefiisetl to 

accept il.iuid x* Haid to have alt«m|tti^] lo 

ride over him I MAUKiiAU^p, 4^i lltsiiwoKTJt . 

iv. ttti). Fuirfax also iignod the prot.-«t ul 

Wif Yorkshire parliamentarian* on i'M Aug. 

1042, and woj one of ibo nngoliatorN of the 

Irwity nf ni^ulndilv of L'^t Si'pl. Wbeu ibw 

I trwilTWiis annulled be lx"''iin. ■.[nl nirt>m- 

mann to lii« fiithiT, and j^-lf 

I in many akirmi^ht-a diim.. .uiths 

I of lOlJ. Iliefir't iintHtriAiiti<Kploii,bowrT>^r, 
' wiu tbo rti'vpliire of ljoed.4 nn 'J^t Jan. lOliJ 
I (KusilwoKTii.v. 1'.'.'); MAitKUAM.rip.iW.liO). 
; Two montha tot«r (30 March IGiiii I'mrfax 



was rieitTely defeated by Gencrsl (roring on 
Sf^acrott Muor,a« tin wiwongugMl ID covering 
tho ri.-trvui ofLorU Fnirfax aaa iJio mniu l>o<l,v 
of liis ariay from Stlbv lo Le«ds (Afrrcuriu* 
Autiau, i April 1043; ".Sa«r( ,»f-wwnVj;,p. 1(1). 
Niclioliu, in Tviatiii^ Ihin dVRiie lo I*riiii-« 
Rupert, tenns Funu 'the nuin most be- 
lovvd an<J rrlieJ upon by t)ii> n'beU in the 
Borfh ■ (W'ARiiCKTox.ii. ISO). Thepjiptumof 
Wttlc^fii>M on '2\ May following amply rora- 
peiuntexl for this misforiiiiii^. >'o more re- 
markable succMs WI1.1 gained br nny g«ii«i*t 
durincT tbi? rivi] wars. With fit'ieen huodrod 
men Fftirfux iHonnod a town held bv cwirc 
tluit Dtuiiber, («kiitg Oen^ml Goring tiiuiKelf, 
twenty-eight colours, and fourteen bunilrfd 

Eriiioiwrft. Looking buck on it mutiy yuars 
ilur ha deaenhoi it afl' mnrv k mirHrb-than 
B victofj- ' CRcBUvroRTH, V. 27') ; SA'irt Me- 
marut/.p. 1^). Mnycoinp«rv>»ir tn* n li^bt^-n- 
iiig b^foro death,' for it was follovred olianAt 
immediately by tho total ddfeat nf the two 
FiiiHkscs 111. Adwalton Moor (SO June). In 
that fatal bank Sir Thomas led the risht 
winu, aud, eacaping from tho roat with a 
portion of bi« troopH, ho thruw htinsuir itilo 
Uradford, ami wbi-ii Itnulfnnl could nviftt no 
lonperciit his way tbroui:;h\^'wc<Mt!t''6 forces, 
OJIU tucixvdi.'d ii) rv;iu.'liing hiii fiith«'r at I^f.ids 
(tltraitwoKTti,v.27!); Shr/rt .}femi)rui/,n.\Q). 
I>uriiic tbg flyitUf march to Hull whicb now 
took pTuc« bo commanded lh<^ rrnr-fpiikrd, and 
wtt» severely wounded. AVheti Hull wu^ b-.- 
aieg(K) be waa sont into Lin<x>lnibin> with 
twonty IroopB of bono to joiu Cromwell Kod 
Mancbe^tr-r, and took part with them iu lb*- 
Tictorj-of Win(.'.cbyonllOct.l043. 'Comt' 
lot n» Dill on, I nKn^r pnitp^irod IwCtpr than 
wbnn I fought ugain^l tbo eoomy three or 
four to one,' edd l-airliiA. whoa be Grat vii-wed 
the royalitts, and inarki-*! ihtiir niiinb«-r», 
Matu:ha>ltfr, in his despatch to tht^ lonls. 
writes: '.Sir Tbouaa Fairfax isi perBon that 
CXCPtxU any cxpnuionji a« a commend atioti 
ofltis re«)Iutjpnand valour' (Viciia, (ftHfn 
Ark, p. 47; Old Parliamrnlan/ Iliit \\\. 
423). On iJ9 .Ian. I'JIl Fairfax d'-fentcd 
Lord Byron and tbi- Eu^lisL troops Pfcalli-d 
from Ireland at Nautwich iu Chevhiro, took 
fifleen himitn-d pn-ioiK^T*, and follnwi'd up 
tho vidory by aipturing throe royalint gar- 
ri»on». 

In March 1644 he rctunied into Ynrksliini. 
Md4 sbar>jd in tho victory at Selby, to which 
Ilia own It^ading of tb<.- citvnlry very greatly 
mntribmcd, 10 April 101 1 ("Ui'snwoum, v. 
(117). Acconlintrto {'lareudun, ' thin wa* I he 
first action Sir Thomas Kuirfux wiis inkcn 
notio) ivr' (RtMlian, vii. •1(XI>. K\ Mantoii 
Moor Fairfax cnmtnandod (hf horse of the 
right wiug, CQOsistin^ of ltn}>-&\-o tixxvps of 



Yorkahirt- cuvalry and twenty-two of 3cMa_ 
in all about faur thousand men. The r«gi« 
ia«i]i under bis immediate DOmmond t^hargedi 
succeufullv, but the real of bis di»' — "" 
wa« routed, and he reached with diffi( 
wounded and almmt a]on«, the victc 
left of the TNulinmAniary army {Skort Itft* 
morial, p. S9>. 

At tho aiego of H^'hn*].-'? CaJitln, durini 
the following Augu&t, Fairlax wa-t (h»njfi'f-1 
ously wounded by a mii«ket-)>ull, whiih 
broke hi* shouMcr, and a roynlift nfwapapcr 
exuhingly prophesied for him the fate oCJ 
nampdro (Merrurttu Aniieta, 1 t^nt. 1644 >,f 
While he wa« slowly recon'ring tram btft 
wound parliament undertook tb> reorg^ni- 
sattou 01 itfi urmy. Fairfiut hod atmoger 
r:1aiui.4 tlian any one, now tliat members ofJ 
the two houiies were to lie e.xnltided from 
command. Il wu<t at first rumoured that be 
was to erimmand merely tho cavalry of tho 
new army, but on ^1 Jan. 1<!4&, by 101 to] 
69 Totea. the lions'' of Commona appointed ' 
him to rommand in chief {CbmnKmi Jtmr- 
nalt, iv. '^i). The ordinance for new model- 
ling iho aruiv tiiiully parsed on 1& Feb., and 
on 19 i-'eb. Vairiiw waa solemnly thanknt] 
by the speaktT for hts pafi aenices, and in-J 
fnniied (lint pi>rliain<-nl. ' had thuughl fit tiyf 
put upon him the grcateit trust and confi- 
dence that was ewt put into the hands of a. 
mibjert,' 

1-airfax received Itis appointment, if hU 
Uler apologies can be tm^teil, with aodw. 
difBdenoe: '1 was ao farrroin d'sjiringii tbatj 
Lad not HO great an authority commanded,! 
obt-diwnce, buing then unavparaied fh)m tbof 
royal inleri»t, bttaideN the persuoaiona nf^ 
neareat friends not to derline so free and! 
general a call, I abonld bavu hid mysuL 
among the .ilnlf lo luive Avoidnd ho cn-at a , 
charge ' l SAort MermriaU, p, 3V A diBpute , 
arose iK'twewn thw t wo ho«»'-'» eoiuirniiig Iho I 
appointra«nt of the ofHcerii, whom Fairfax | 
was empowered to nominate subjeet to their ' 
approval. The terms of bin commi;<Aion ^n)*i 
ri^ to long dU«u<!!ii(>r)s. The eommiseioo, r 
oa linally poaned. diB'cred in one importanti 
pirtieuhir tnnn that of K»>w.y: iii»piieof tilt?] 
oppiwition of thf \«nU llm name of rhe kin^r I 
and tlieeUuai' rtKiuiring the ) - n ofi 

hit> pei>nn wrr«' left oul {OI<l ! ' 'rv 

H!»t. Tin. 422, 432, Iflfl), '1 li- n .r-i'y 
and its ponernl were scoffed at by i' ■ i! 
dirtnwted by tnnny oftheirfrlemlj, • \S li-n 
1 «vnt to take my leave of a great p«r«on.'| 
Bnvs Fairfax, 'be told mn ho w ■ -- . ' ^u I 
ronii; out with the unnv. for '•■ i "vai 

wo«hoHl.n...i- , '.VA...* I' ;t). 

In his I . led 

Fairfax';]-. - -v.. i.- U und] 



Fairfax 



us 



•airtax 



UarUinn ytuefiiatty, '9a. 



enafidc" 

\M \pri1 Fairfnx wiu (ni|;»fr»l in nrg^Ktua- 
in..- model.' On iMay Ue wi out 

tf -• int«ndinjt trt n-ltevi" Tnunton, 

liii llml lulfway lo imderlalie tho 

«t< nt. L«(t to liiiiisi.df lie would 

ui taU-'W'.nl tho kiuf; naii furonl him (g 
but tbe orders "f parliament w^re 

Kftry. ' I «m very sorry," ho wrote to 
If," 'wo sliuuld ui>i-nil our liiiii? uo- 
CfiUhlr bc-fom ft town, wliilst the king 
b tirn» to BtrriwlJien hioiH'jLi'.aiid by (cr- 
■f^Y ... t,.-^. ,-,K,..i-. <-,.;. ,,*■ ..(1 [iIjuvh whKre lii^ 

ci' '■■nee, iii. 22H^, 

Oii ■ - 111 IT than l>i'*i«'^r>'<i 

from 111 Mhv (>» fi Juno, when the wt>Ioonie 
onl- r I Mi>i>' ii> nice lh« sieg^. At Nasehv, 
<ii 14 Jiino l(14'i, Fnirfax hron^it 

l.l> I bnttld, uiiiJ deteatc'i him with 

tbn IiJUB of ftU hU infautrv, artilK-ry, ami 
'ba^Brnp^- A!) am>iinL» uf \uv buttlu iii^rvf in 
d'* i-ti)>>Kii counse vlucb th« 

g. I jUrpd. He Eesdod auvera] 

cli>i:^i jp'tlanlartilnnl withhuiown 

hftii i I • i;t; Whitei-ocke, Tol. i.; 

M' _'i'l). *Ae much for braTory 

m 11 lo htm in rhis fu-tioo AA to & 

ttian, iiiiL-rv,!, Cromwell (CABLiLit, Letter 
xxix . ) rairfax now, after rocnptiirinif l.ci- : 

pj... . . i ., . -■ii,,Ycd Taiintou, aud j 

A- ' (lort inSomiTHi:l*hire 

oi' !■ i .- '■ myal armv of any | 

Hi- - thii* ■hollrivd. ' \\ e ciinnot | 

ftt'.i - '----- uiprry I ^- "11 'hinirscoiiHdi'red, | 
than that of Nji-' .' wnitf Fairfiui 

(^;.,.r,*. <•;-,■.-<,.■ . i S,%). TJridp- 

■n IuUt (1'4 Jiily), aiid 

]ti ralhrww*s-k»'«i(y*r 

(lOSi-iit. I Thi' Ir'tiiiT III which Fairfax sum- 
tBnn"'f IVim-" nnjw^ t" ^'inrnnrlpr ihal city 
o-.-i ' rinn of his i«di- 

Xh - tiff (.Si'itntoi;, 

p rir.y wpnl into wiut or 

1)1. iig u huf of po*ti* lo 

c>- iViilI and LVv.inshiiv, 

ai < r. Thi- i-siiiijiaiyn t'f 

Ir; . ,iir:i ::!! .■(ijifiire ftf Dortmimlh 

(I - liich wv fnllowed by tho defeat 

Ol I '■ '-■ ■■ -n ^Ml Fell.), ntul th- 

en; ^ army (II March), 

^f 'iriil t< i.-.i-rnw r<«capi> 

()t> h<t innt;a- 



lloflaii 



'tiil'OjDuii-iiuid 
caiiituLitioa o^' 



Oxford Fairfax retiwd for a timt* to Bath fur 
tbu benctil. of hiit hunllh, which waa greatly 
ituiNumd hy thn citinpatirn niid by bU many 
old woitndd. Rheiunattsm and tho Btono 
■i_p|)far lo have b«en hxn chivf ailmaDts {ib. 
ill, 261 ; SPBiiiuH, p. 31ft). In Norpmber he 
rutumed to Londou to receive ibc ihauka of 
both bouses of parliamciit and of the city. 
' Hereafter,' said Lentbal, ' as the succussura 
of Julius Cie'iar took the name of Cicnr, aU 
famoiiit and victorintii^MiCKy^dins^nerala in 
this kin^oin will dt;sire the nddiiion of the 
name of Fairfax ' (OW J'arliamenlary HuL 
XV. 100). After Naitby parUament had 
toted 700/. for a 'jewel ' to Dk praxTnlM lo 
Fairfax in cummemorAtiun of bia victof^. 
Thiji, after pacing through thn hundx of 
Thuroaby and Hora4% Walpole. wu in 1870 
in the poMesaion of Lord JlactinfT" {Mahk- 
ilAM, p. ■IXi). In the Uxbridee pro}mf>itiona 
in IV-cember ItVb'i parliament lia<l Mtipulalvd 
that the kin)f should crc«t« Fairfax ua Eng- 
liah baron, and that be aboul*) Ik^ cudowed 
with land^ to the v^Ue of 6,00U/. a y««r. 
Latuli to ibai volui' wuru settled upon him 
after tbe failure of tlie treaty ( Whitbixktke, 
!i. 73; Oid Pnrltnmioitan/ a\Mt. rir. 13!}). 

In tht- itjiriufc of ltU7 parliament took in 
hand the reduction of tho army, and TOtcd 
an H Maruh tluit Fuirfnx should be ^neral 
of the limited fnrm tn he still mAinlitiiiL-d. 
'i^nie wondered,' says Wliito]ocke,'i(iUiottld 
admit a drlwite and i]tu::nUon ' iWrmoriaU, ii. 
1 ll>>. The soldien oojecled lo be dlHlwnded 
until thev were paid their arcearH.aiid ^ii^rurMl 
fmm civil KtiitM for militaiy actions, and they 
petitioned FairGtx to that effect. Fairinx 
was urdrrwl to suppmu tbcir pelilinn.and 
did tK>, but Ibis diil not put a stop lo the 
Bf(italioti among them. Waller im<l Flollea 
unjustly ihnjw a duubt on the einceriiy of 
bin effort* I Walirr, t'indiaitiim, pp, Ifi, 72, 
fll,85; Uoi.r.K«. J/nHoir«, ed. IfiHO, pp.84, 
8l^>. Nr;i(iti;itiiiHi. Wtween the coniuuK- 
flionera of the parliament and the n-preeen- 
tativeo of tbe army cnntinited duriiiu April 
and .Mav. From'JI April to21 May Fairfax 
was in London consulting a pliy«ician. His 
fri<ind?'i-ntrt?a(iei overrame hia own wish tn 
n-si)nM '^*"'' -•''■"I'/rWi/, p. 4). At tbe eud of 
Mayparliamenton!en?d him hack to iIm- army, 
ouu uf the UK-uib> .re insultiii^lv Miyiii^ ihal 
he hod time enough to gu to Hyde Park but 
not to attond to hia duty. Ho cnmmunicatod 
the final oflen of the parliament tn a meeting 
nf offii-ere at Bury St. KdmumU ott 28 Mjiy. 
TheydcclarvdthomtuisaliaSictoryandpresfMl 
him to appoint a ^neral rendizvouii of the 
army for the con<uderatipn of thf (inr=tion. 
In forwarding the resolutions of 1 1 ' 

of war to parliamcRL Fairfax eanu^.'-i 



•airfax 



144 



*airfax 



ihe \utttT U> adopit a loore moderstp conr«)<, 
Wid dpfinMl his awn atl it udo : ' I mtroat 
you tliat them nwy ba vux* at love &nd cum- 
ncMuro thought apon. I ahall du my un- 
awTOunitthoiieh I amfonitd U> yield aam^- 
Ihiag out of order, ia ke^ tbo array from 
diKwder i>r worse inoonvptiiijiiCTO' (OW Pitr- 
bnmmtary Hixt. \t. 3ftS-V)0). Three dnya 
later Lhu kUutc of the Idn^ by Joyc« took 
pliiC)?. 3 July, an art which nhowi^ faiiw com- 
plMt'ly thi? anny hud thrown nfl'the control 
<ir thf ni-nfml. Fairfax slate* thai he imrn»- 
difitply sent. ColoTw>l "WTnllt-y and a f"HipIo 
of roKimt'nla Ut remove JoycaV force and 
conHiicI tlw' king back to llolmby, hut thn 
kiiur rtifiuod to rt-'.uni, and whfii I'nirfax 
bims^lf «lt«inpt4^1 lo perxuiulo him to do ao 
flaiil to him, ' Sir, t haw as ^ood inttrrv?) iu 
the ariDT iM yon.' Thtt ftiinttntl'* [mipoaa) Ut 

ELiniahJojceforiminbonlinatiDnwaarpjeclMl 
y II council of war {Sk"rl Mfimtriitl, p. 7). 
In the account which Fairfax ^tp to the 
psrliamont of thijae event* he erplnini hi* 
Unwilling ns^nmptioD of thecliaT^,AitHKtnti-) 
thai bo lias pluci.'<l a trusty guajd round tlie 
king 'to (UH'ure hi» mnj(**ty's person from 
danjivr, and nr^vc^nt nny attempt m of bucIi an 
mav design \>v (In* luirantHite of hi* |iGraon 
the biHliT to raise any »tw war in ihlii kin^r- 
dom ' {Old I'arlinmr'iturtf llUt. x\. XW). 
In tiiB gi'm-ral rt^nderroiiB at Xcwmarltct 00 
Ij Jniie the army i'stabliahvl « muncil for \\* 
own gtivemnii-nt, consiMing of the gt<ner&l 
offiurs who lutd composed Ihu old roitncil of 
■war and reprewntatiVM of Ihr nffloiTrt and 
soldioiB of i-cch regiment. Dy ihis body the 
anny woi soremMl till tltD outhrvak of r.ho 
fti^oad cinl war, and by it iho political 
nunifutto* of tho army were drawn up. 
FairEu atatcs ' ^m the limu Ihoj d«cUre<l 
their Uiurpwl authorily at Tripln.* lifaili, I 
never gari? iiiv frtK> Mnsent to anything th-^y 
did ; but, being yet undii-chargvd of ui y pluLV, 
tbev M't my nnini^ in a way of courMt to all 
thiOr pan<>r8 whether I comwnted or not ' 
{Sskori Memorial, p. 9). Th« dttrlarntiotut 
of the army art> luiually aigtied 'John Kuah- 
worth, by the aptioinfm>?nj of hin EtcelK-ncy 
Sir Tbomoa Fairux and tlw- f>iimcil of "VVar.* 
With parts of the policy followed by the 
council of war Fairfax oe^tmx tw^TiTthrlcw 
to have tiutirtdy affreed. In u long K-ltvr 
flf H July he viadicatea the conduct of the 
army in treating with thu kiii^, and UiL-ir 
policy towardx him. He recominenda 'all 
Kind uaoge to his mojealT's perean,* and 
urged ' that tender, <.-qui1ablH, and iiiodQrnto 
dealing towards hia miijealy, his roro] &milr, 
and his late parly. «o ur as may stand with 
aafety Xa the kingrlnm. ia tbr mo'«C linp<-ful 
course to t«ke uwuy the 6v«da of war or 



future fauds amongst ua for p<ut»rity, and 
lo procure a hutiofr {t'occ and agr»!mi-ot in 
this now (ij«trncl«u nalion't O/'J Purliaav/f' 
tary Hist. sri. 104). Atthr-rrr! nf July iha^ 
army man-hed on London, O'* ' iim- 

lect the perlinnii'nt from thi' . thf 

city. The general ptofosw-'d hiui-i-U ' JeeplyJ 
atHirtM wirh ^llr^ lat.i cArriiijt^-^ toward* th«l 
parliameni,' and proiiiiM>Hl in umi all his 
power 'to pre*fTve them, and in them Ibi? 
int4>re^t of tl»c nation' iib. p. 1H«). Nini», 
Inrdn and about 0114 huIIdr^•d couuiouvn! 
joined thi? army, and on^ni^rxt to Mvk and did! 
with Fsirfaji and \\iv army in vindJcaliua 01 
tbehonotiraiidfrt^irdomnf purliam»nl,4 Aujr.j 
l(M6. On 6 Au^'. he bn'ught them Imck ti] 
TAVttmiiiit.T, and n«(iir«i! iKt' thanks ofj 
parliament for his aervices. I'heri! i-i Uttlnf 
dotilit that in the negotiations of thcfollow-j 
ing months Fairfax continued to sidt? wilhj 
thoM who desired to make terms with ihoj 
king, but bo confined himm'lf nioinly to hia' 
military dutieA, and hiHuanit! appears hardly 
ever in the accounts of the negotiotioita. 

To a considontblc cxitnt be aueouodvd \xA 
rvtiloring the discipline of Wit; army. Korij- 
in September he was able Iu report to por- 
liiimttnt (hat nix thoii«»iidCi>Ot and two tluju>| 
Mind horee wen iwady to serve in Ireland ifj 
their arrears weni satisfied. He never ceoMiif 
to «rge on parliamrint rho neci'-uiity of pro-I 
viding for the pay of the soldiers (lU«il-| 
WORTH, vii. "9r», Hlfl). In thr groat rti\-i>rwa/ 
which look place iu the following Novem^i 
l>or the mutinous rogtmt-nl« were ruduct-d to] 
obi»li>-noi-, and thu l''velli::r8 for a time nup-j 
pntaSMl. 'Without retlreaa of these abuawij 
and disordiTS,' announced Fairfax, 'hianx— I 
cellcucy cannot, nor will ai>y lougvr nudcr*[ 
go or undertake, further 10 disebar)|;(- hiaj 
prosenl trust lo the Mrliumont, thi- nrmy.] 
and thr kingilom.* In thi> MtNtnd plii<'>-|,l 
' though be is brabove any such low ihonglilal 
as ti> court or woo the «nnr to conlinwr him] 
their gffnfral, vet to dii<r)uit)^ hiimielf u»\ 
the utmost and to bring the business In 
certain nnd ckor issue,' ho iirumi^-d to tv\-\ 
here to the army in the endiMVour to obtain] 
the satisfaction of their claims as sohlicrs,) 
nud the rvform of parlJamuDt. Oil»?r poli-l 
tical questions were to be left to porliomenuf 
Every rogimenl suK-tniily engngud lo acvepcl 
this coui|>mmi)>e {Old PnriiametUAty nUt.l 
xvi, 310), It was more easy, bow\'V«r, la] 
n-#for« iinlt-r in 'hi- Tr.nVa. than to mudvniU 
the politirat >: unrilof war. A( 

corduig to Kjii l"..dy reeolved at wi 

time ' to romovn ali uui of 'lb* hoiiM ^ut 
they conceived to be giiilly of ob^rwtirtjf^ 
the pnhlio wttlimont.' Cromwell ■- ■ 
pn^aed him urgently to iiga ordur. 



Fairfax 



us 



Fairfax 



I 



Miai'i Imi liifl delnyine to <1d m> for tbroe 
iiir dny, iini1 tlu- oiitbri«k of tJiR nernnd 
ciril wror. preTcntod the fnlfilmrat of this 
J,-,,.,,, ^h'-i Memorial*, }f. ^). LKmb^rlwait 
d' [ < thi> north tr> rliet'-k the much 

ih-j in»iin>*ciii>ri in \Vftli-»j wliil* tho p^m-rftl 
bim»«lf undertook to provide for tli(? eafutT of 
lx>D(lon. CUreRi]oii(i;o«<s fto far bStoMy l.hiit 
FnirCnx, eren ot lhi« duU*, rrfvijwd to wrve 
miMUDftt liie S<!ot8 ( Itrh^Ui'fi, xi. 0, 68), Tl»e 
K^ntisb ro^lisu wore crunhinj;lT drfeftt^d nt 
Maidetoiitf ou 2 June, tmdoii 13Juii>.>l''urfi4X 
LiMlMM^^to('ol('beiit<^r,ini/>whirb Ihtilpftders 
of Ui» riuiuTM'tiua and lli(< rvimnant of Ibdr 
AnoT b«il thrown th>-niii<Ort« (UrsHWriRTH, 
TU. 1137, llSfl). llit> garriBiiTi hnld out for 
mrnntT-firn dJiTs, till hunifer tnd tb« im* 
poBMbiltt; of n;fn.'f forwd tht-m to «iim>ndi'.r 
i'J7 Aup. iy48). Fairfax hw Iwen wvcr^ily 
bUmed for thi^ Pxi'«ulion of Lucas und TiUlit, 
nod ihe sulwyjiieut cvndemuation of I^crd 
Ck|iel. Their c^xecutinn, however, was no 
bmcb of tlio tomui on which Colehwtcr 
(Mitulaltfd. Br LboMi t^rroik th« live* of iha 
sulilien and infiTtor officers wi<rv ^uHranteMl, 
but tliti »U{ji-nor ollu~'-rj< aiirn^diTiHl 'al 
nu-rov,' which was br■f.^^'hiln(l dcfinpd to 
nu-«n ' H> M iV" lord-jrt'in-ral may h«> fiw lo 
put som* imiDi-diAtitlj to the sword, if lie 
Mv cauM.'; althuufih his excellency inteuds 
ebiHiy . . . ro nurTend<rt ihem lo the mitipj 
of tbc parliamt-Dt' (i^. tiL 1:^47). lu ac- 
Mcdancu wiih the discretionary fiower thus 
rvwrrvd, Lacae and lA^h were immviliately 
tHuA by sentetiec of the cotincit of war, ' for 
•one 8Bti*liictioa of military' justice and in 
nut of avvn^^ for tbi< innuct-nt IiIixhI Ui^y 
lulTi! causes] tu be apill, and ths trouble, 
datnapv, and mi»c.'hii'f tDfyhavu brought u|M>n 
tbf> town and ih>- liin^iim ' (ifi. vli. 1^43). 
'The <j4h«t iL-atli-ra,' «T\)te Fairfax, 'I do 
herrbT ri'iidiT iinlo tb<- |inrli«mfriri« jiidp- 
mcntfor fun bfr public jiisTicfi and merry, to 
bn ti>i<d as you nnall ttv i-imse.' PariiHinpnC 
Uioutffat fit tJi cind<'nin (_'4ip«] to dealb, and 
lor tliat B»-ntrnte Fairfax was in no way re- 
Kpofuilik-. Taprl )dt-a>lcd that quartrr had 
Mvn prjiniH-d bini, and Fairfax wiu ciillfi 
on f) oil"'!*!!! to thft bi;-h court, of jusiii-p 
to ihu rcst'rvn- 
I i not in any wuy 
■1> 0". !:!'■ civil ftutbority (SXirf 
D), Tlwcbiinrpof (.•qiiivorwlinii 
' ' him i* t-ri- 

71. Wbiltf 
i:;n-»*i iiar- 
wi'Ii tli» 

..,.!,. ..ri<! ibo illilr- 

factory. Itulhcnlb-d 

ttti - -. . ! .;..^., .la. r^urinif Iho ««ge 

TOL. XVUl* 




of ColchMt<>r, Milton aildrowed to him S , 
Konnnt, in which lie wad smnmonml to t«ke 
in band the eettlcmont of the Itingdoin aud 
clear the land of avarice itRd rapine (Sonnet 
XT.) l.udloK came to the catnii and ur^cd bus 
to prdvtut thi' conclusion of thi- Ireaiy, to 
which Fairfax eofwinvdiageneniltnTniithat 
ltt> viAi ivjkiIvmI to use the powvr be had to 
mainiain tfac cause of the public (^VimoiW, Ad. 
17-)l,p. 101). Assuun as the BJe^wa8 0Ver, 
rv^mcnt afti^rrcfriiufjil prwh^nled a^idreH^esto 
their general oRainiit tbepoJiey ofiwrliament. 
Tlv trnn.>milted to the House of C'oininonK 
thtt rtrmy rtvmoniitTUMV of 16 Nov., in whicli 
tht- rupture of the treaty and the puuidhment 
of tht^ king were demanded in the plniiii»t 
lerni*. He r«(m-*t<'d, on their behalf and hia 
own, that the remonstrance might bw itn- 
mt^iatvly coDtadend, ■ aud Lhal no failinfr in 
circumfltanecd or expression" mifrht prejudic*; 
eilher the nuuson or justice of what was ten- 
dcn-diirlhi-iriuti-ntiiinit ' {0/J JhrHnmrntnrif 
Hist, xviii. 1(H>: Kibiiworth, vii. ISdO). A't 
tbe (Mime time, to prevent thu eMajte ur thu 
iwmoval of thh king, he sent Ewer to replace 
Ilammond as governor of tbe ])d4< of 'Wif'fat. 
t)n 30 Nov. anot)i>.>r declara tion was pub- 
luih«d in th« nam*! of tho gen eral and army 
complainiug of the layin|r axid v of I liutr rv 
moustrauc«, disowning tn(> &u thority of the 
majority of the Mous« of Com raocis ns cor- 
rupt, and promising to own that of the honest 
minority if tJwty woidd separat tbvmM^Ives 
from the reist. Like thti former, thin wa«, 
backed by a private lettt-r £pom Fairfax toi 
till* f(i*afi«r (Oaiiy. MfmoriaU <(f the Civil 
War, ii. 70). The army ihcn occupied \jm- 
don, and on 6 Dec. l*ricli>'s Purffe took plaoe. 
Fairfax nnHostA tluiit buhod nol{nawl«dg«iof 
tlie forciolw exclusion of the members until it 
had uctiially taken place, and the oljiipmenta 

(if Ludlow, Clarvndou, aud Whildockf appear 
to confirm this. 

Uut his reu-ntion of hid post after Pride'* 
PurgB, his answen to Lh<- demands of the 
nnnmons for the rulen^ie of their mcmbn-n. 
and his signal ari! of wnrrants for the con- 
finemitnt of tbe prUonom render it impos- 
sible to ocouit him entirely of rcapousibilitT 
(Otd Parhantfttijiy jriti. XYiii. 4<(1, 4Hh). 
Kia attitude with n-HiK-ct lo tho kin^f's vxe~ 
cntion, thougli s/imcwhat similar, wim mom 
' ■' ' ' It may be conjectured that Fairfax 
'■ tit the trial and depoAiliun of the 
■^iiit', I'ul did not contumplato his exfyuiion. 
TIh^ aniiy rciuooolranco Lad styled ChurleH 
■ t he capital and trrand author of our troublM*,' 
and di'mnnih'd tlint he vboald be spectallv 
brouffht to justice for 'the tn^awm, blood, ant'l 
miaciiief heia iruiltvof.' This ouebt in have 
openad tbe «y«a ot F&trfiu to t£« ptobsbia 



Fairfax 



146 



Fairfax 



^_^^ ,_.Jottiiiu force on the parlia- 
ment. "Heiawnpointed ono of ihf kind's 
judges, and attended tbe pr^liminBry me^i- 
ing of I'hfl comTiiiMonflT«(B Jan. 1019). but 
that inoetinK oulj. When tlie iiame of i>'air' 
fax WAS n>Bd out at tlie heiid of tlie lint of 
judges, OB lb« fint da; of tb« iruil. Lady 
Vairfax ie wud to liavu proteatod that lier 
hiuband was not tburo, iior ewr would sk 
ontan^ Ibom, iLiid that tboy did wrung to 
name htm aa a silting eommiasioner (Kcan- 
VOBTD, vii. 1395; CtAXEJnOTS. xi. iiS&'i. 
Fairfnx MiiyH biniikilf of the kinu'n clc«t fa : ' M^y 
alBict^'d and troubled mind for it and mv 
BaniMit c>nd«!>«VMur! (<> ]>rav«fnt it will stifli- 
cientlv W«tify mv disliko and nbhorrencn of 
the Cict ' iSkorf .VemoriaU, p, 9). What 
the pmwiso natare of tho«e ondcaTonrs was 
is uucoctain. According to Drian Fairfax, 
' on the ni^t of 20 Jan. some of 1 ho jrcntrid's 
biunda propoaod tu him to alt-i-mpt tbv next 
daytoreMiuethekingflellin^bimlliat twenty 
thousand men were ready t«i join with bini ; 
bi! said bw wiw n-«i<ly to nailiire bis own lif«, 
hut not the liroA of othf^TH, ngiainst th« armv 
trnited affBinat tbem ' (Ukluc I-'Aiurix, £^ 
qf SitcJaj^ham, p. 7). On m Jnn. il«Of 
Uerbortdaicriboit Fairfax aa ' beins; all ihaC 
morning, w indeed at other time.«, uung all 
bia power and inl«TO6t I0 have the i>xeeu- 
tion defiBCT«d for aoma day», forbearing hia 
oarainramonglheoffiocr«,and fully rosolvod 
with bia own ngimmt to iirnTenl the «xi»- 
ffotion or hare it deferrod till he could make 
B party in tbi? armv to wnrnd liiit (IfisiK*) 
(Memoira, ed. 1702, p. \M). Prince Omrlea 
wrote to Fiurfnx unfin^' him to t^ave iind 
mtoreihe kinfr, and t)i» qur^i^ bi^;!^ hi« 
pan to come to h(>r hu&nand, hut tbeir 
ooramuni cations Ti?main«vl unuMweni'd (f'n^ 
Stau PapTi. Dom. IfilS-.'iO, p. 6; CiKY, 
MimorialnofihefivH JTflr, ii. 101). CLaren- 
dou conclude* Ins acciunt of the conduct of 
Fairfax duriuu thin i>eriod by uyiui;: ' (Jul of 
the AtupiditT of hu soul lie waa Uiroog-bout ' 
overwillvd by CromwoU, and mado n pro- , 

nr to bring that to pawi whieli coulil viry ' 
ly have wen otherwise eitected' (lie- 
btUhn, xi. 2!V>>. But lb.- tnitb i«, FiiiHVx 
and Cromwell alike were earned away by 
the army, and hewafitb«irinNtniiii>'nt miber 
than CromTri'll's. Ho markod bi» disap- 
proval of tbe kiug"* death by the retervo- 
liouD which be made in his engagement to 
be faithful In thu Commonwealth. Like the 
othor pMm who beo^mv mumben of ihi- i^un- 
dl of Btate, he declared that ho had sorted 
the par)iani<-Rt faitlifullv, and wtix H-illinB- 
to do BO etill, there bemg now nn power 
but that of tne Ilouee of Coiomooe, but 
could not lign th« eDgagem«nt becauae it 



wa» n?ln»pective (Cat. State Pafnert, Uom. 
ItMO-iMlip.Ol- lJc.sidr-3»iitlin)f in ibeooimci 
of Mate Fairfax aUo entered the IIuus<^ 
('ommona aa member for CircnciiAtei (7 Feb, 
1&19). lie was alaorcappointedoamman' 
in-chief of oil the forces in England and I 
Und {ib. p. 02.80 March 1(^49'). lu that capi 
city Fairfax wax imuti!<ltal«ly called up-tuto 
auppiviHi n mutiny of the levt^lliu^ puny bi 
the armv. which he eBectod ut l$urf-.>ru ou 
14 May' llUd i^A Dtclamttan t^f hu KttnU 
(eney vonvxming the Prumt Dittrvifteri ; A 
Sarratii* of th» PriXtfdiit^M of thr Ijt>. 
GeHerat in the Jletlndifff 0/ the Hftotted 
Trnaju, 1649). After toe suppr^^-Mion of 
the miititiv, Fairfax vi#itei] Oxford and waa 
crealwl a b.C.L. ou 19 .May 1649, while m 
many of bid officers received honorary degroee 
(bat tbi» WB» lenuL-d the FairlJu»n Crea-i 
tion ( Wood, Fatti, 1&19). Id the aummer • 
1<>!^ n-ur with Seotlaud became imminent, 
and tbe council of hUiIc determined to antt>| 
cipute the expected attack of the Scots l>r 
oil invasion ot Soot land. Fairfax wax will- 
ing to command against the Scots if they 
inradod England again, but resigned rather 
than attack titein. ' Human probahiliticA,* 
he aaid, ' are not liutficieat grouuda to make 
war upon a neighbour nntiou, especially our 
bcethrea of Kcoibiiid, to whom we ore en- J 

r;ed in a ooU'mu league and corenont.'j 
committee of th« eouncil of state wuj 
aent to pemuuli; liim to rtitain h'a pooL, bucj 
he adhered to hiH eonacientiou« scroplca 1 
tWaiTKi-OOKB, fi". 4'iO-2). Ill- [(-tttT of re- 
signation is dattst liJ^ Jun^" l*li^) (iSl.tKti8BT,i 
Dianj, fii. Parswas, p, 340). Wbilelocko,' 
Ijudlow, and Mr*. Flutohiniion agw^ in at-^ 
tributing Fairfax'^ .^cruplea to the inJlucnc« 
lit' bis wife and the presbi-*--"^ 
(I.lDLow.ed-l'oI.p. 151 ; lb 
l^ilo. ii, I1J6). Fyflliereetel ■■.■n-l 

wealth and during tbe protci?t<.trnte i'lurfax , 
lived in rxjiireuMit at Suu Apili''*!! ^ ork* 
shire,d«rotint;liiHl<:'i.surecbi<''' 
Ho made a evlkt-liuu of coitia <u 1 ''ff>i 

wbich iifterwoTilA coiut- into ilie liuuda 
Kalph ITioresby, He tranalated ' Vegi-Uu* ' 
from ibi^ Latin, and * M<>rciiriuiiTrk9li)e)^iStiia 
from the French. Kr>uL^>ccuupo«M]nlju8tiir7r] 
of tite chureh npto Ibe timo of thn Ruforma* 
tion, A Iktilt) treatise on the breeding ol 
homea, a metrieal TeMiou of tbe psnlni* auilJ 
other portions of the HiMi\ and n tvinjiidcr-l 
alio amount of original rer^ie (Maukuaji,^ 
p. UtW). 

Tbrouehuai the prol*- •'—'*■ '■'"trfax wm 
continually rfi>>irli^ h\ tpii^ tol 

bo engagml in the intri'^ . -:■ royalliwj 

Bgninut tilt; t^vi^Tnnii'nt. In I'tfh'i, on E*mi* 
ruddock'd rijiug, in 16CS, at the titna ol 



9^ 



'■■^j 



^airfax 



U7 



Fairfax 



IIbwiUV plol, and in 16r.9, w!t«n lloolb'« 
ruioff look pUcA, mrnlist agenta rspurloil 
that litf was about to dwlarci for the kir4f. 
All tliMA report'^ npwnr to hnvo lx>en un- 
/oundi^l. lie refused u letter tendered tu 
bun from tli« kiiuf, nnd t* Mid to have u>- 
ffiuiitiU'^ C'fomwell with ilitoTtrtures which 
liatl t«(!u iiiude toliim(tii/. ( 'iarendon I'ni-trt, 
ti. 383,-ti>tt: TiiunLOB, iv. 4^4). Tovrardi 
ihv did i>r thv protwrtorati*, however, ihif rela- 
iMtunWlwc^nVairiAx and OrAmwoll bocamc 
AXIn'iiM'ly Etraiuod. A tK.irtiuii of \.\w for- 

tc'-.t- ' i of l]i'orj,fe\illierft, wcoiid duke- ' 

of . . .01. had bven gnul«d ttj Fairfax 

ixt ~.. .-.■;■ .-<n of liipi iiiTi^Rt and bin pi-rioion. ' 
HucJun^hun coiiceiTpd ilie idc^a of rei'ov'?rinff 
|)i« .jmt.'i }iv cinrrytNc th>> only il«iiifbt*roT 
\, -. Maiy Fairfax {},. Ifi.ls) had ' 

|«- 11 led tn Philip, necond earl of 

Gbeswrtieid, but tlie natch ww broken ofT. 
antf on 15 ijvpt. I0S7 she became tbe wU«of 
Boekingltam ( Mask ham, p. STS). The mar- \ 
ria^v U aaid tu Law W-vn arraagvd bv Lddy i 
Vwfv, tlu< luotherof Lady Kairfax.aad Major ■ 
KolRfTt Harlpy, a prominent pruabitenan | 
Itndrr. The ^iivi'mimrtil ri-^nUd it with | 
nupicinn, partly aa beinp "a prftribytcrian 
j>Iot,' and partly on aca>iini of IWkingham'e 

Ki*L raDN'-r as a wyali.*: ( TnrRU>i:, vi. 617 ; 
S^hjt FUHFiA, 'Lifr of liufhinykinn, pfe- 
eitJ to Arl--r'^ tvl.of \\\t: fUfimrtnt, IWiS, 
]>.>^l. Awarrnntwas i»Aut-d for Duckiu^haui'a 
»rra*t.and Fairfiix vainly lioli cited Cromwell 
and the cdOflial to lui bici nmiaiti at Ubortv 
<TuEiu/<e, vi. 680, Bir,«4t*; Ili-I. MSS. 
Otmm, oih Ri-u. p. 177). In spito of tho 
vflbrta of lii* fat iut- In-law, Kiickiii^linin wim 
inpriaoned, and, though n?!"*;**! on parole, 
ilitl not [•timiancntly ubtaia his liborty till 
it xriui |rraniiil him bv nnrliatniint on Fair* 
6i< (firing hail for ^.uOO/. for tho duk«'a 
sood l»ehnviour (Hrmwy, Tttary, iii. 370, 
S) I-Vb. 111^9). Kain'ax wax highly iiidig;- 
nnnt at tbi« nll'mnt, nnd is reported to have 
d- 1 " ■ ■ 'aince the diwolrinff 

■.< ' J t , which wii! brakv up 

«- wnf- nothing but ghiftin^ 

a lusunj and that \>v know 

b'lt ixii li' iiiii'Eji (-LdKMf bv hU old commis- 
aioa lu genL-ral lo Bp]Hiar ui annii on behalf 
of the p<Mipl<< t.f lli>->i" niiticn*' (Titritijir, 
vi, 70*t). In Hie liani t Vxnw-nU's parliamHDt 
Fairfax f. j.i. .. i r,,l V..rlt»!iin*, and llioiiub 
\» ipol. . ^n.udi'rablo intliionce. 

Til" *•'■ '■■■ in hi* few rworded 

, t' ivy\ jear of military 

m ' *J7;ii. He «Bi iwxt to 

Uiulri>K Bii' iitarly with ll:t>»p|ia- 

' titi'Ti ' H M t'fiTt'piibliciins, and 

r -rt/ writm cnu 

III I ailuanutherbdda 



ttiat hewaa 'extollnd aaafbrtiuiatoiiuut,aiid 
not ambitious,' and there waa some thought 
of putting hitn fomanl nffain ae (general 
('rHt'Klx}^ vii. IJltJj Clartttidon ataUVttfier*, 
iii. 423). ^rdeatix in hia despatches du-l 
■eribca Fairfax at a leader of the prenby t*Tian j 
party ,(0 LizoT, lOckard Civrnwell, ed. 16M. 
i.8;2,4')U). Oiil9Maf ItioUhcwaaelccled 
a uie0ib«r of tho oouneil of eitaio, but novvr ' 
acted {Otl. Sintt J^tprrt, Vom. liHW-W, p. 
S49). Fairfax's nMotifttiona with -Mi>nclc 
Iwgau in NuTDmber I6&9, iniiuv<Uululy afu>r 
tlie cxpuUtion of llw* parliament by La'mbt-n. 
Thev n'cTe conducted throng two intur- 
iQt-dtaritw, Kdwanl liaiwW ami Sir Thomas 
ClargBs [q. v.} From tbe first Fairfax th- 
sipu^d not in«n*ty llw rMloraliriD of tht» 
Knmpi^Jjy^lhg^miHdon of lli« e«o1u'lMl 
members and a free parliament (ItAKRli, 
CAroitirif, contintwd by PhilliBA*)B70, pp. 
090,091 ; Fnirfojc Uorr»tp. iv.TW). Accord- 
ing to Clarendon bewail moTod to action by 
a u'ttei: from thu kiui( d<.'1ivfrvd to him by 
Sir Horatio Townahend ( Httiellion, x vi. 1 1 7 ). 
Fairfax and his friund* miherMl in armsnn 
30 Dec, and on 1 Jan. Vi>ruHiibmilt»d lit I bent. 
Thp samfi day Mnnck cpniwwl the Tn-wd, and 
in cotuequence nf thuir Kunrwa wiw able \o 
aih-mnce unopposed into Fnglnnd. Some of 
the supporterB of Fairfax endeavoured Cq 
extract from tht^ leader a (Wlaration of ad- 
hLTuueo to tbe Rump, or at taut an eui^afns 
mi^ut against any amfile person, but he re> 
fuMd tM rivd niorv than a g«ni'ral promiiH* to 
»upp'rt tliKaiitliontyof narliauifiil. \Vh«n 
Moni'k pnitiwd thmii^h York (r<!-17 Jan.), 
Fairfiix ur^ml him tn d'^;la^<• ftir a free par^ 
liam^nt ami for tho king. Mnnck rotiifwl to 
commit lum»^, aod in onkr lo force his 
band Fairfax originated and aenl- to bim 
(10 Vfh. Ifl60) the dt-'claration of tbe York- 
ahireKwntlemen,d»<mandinKeith«rtliereatora- 
tionofthiisit.>clud«<l mi«mbi^rHorn l'rpo|«rlia- 
Dxcnt. These dates showcmcltuively ibt' in- 
fluence «Xi>rvi8ed by Fairfax in brin^ti); about 
tbu Ki^toratiou, oodthuU-nadty witli wLii-fa 
ht* piirsn-?*! that objwit (fa/, iitnte I^nftrrn, 
Dum. I'liiit (W.pp. -2^. :.tiil-fl,3.'i6! licxsBiT. 

linjinli'r, pp. iii. It'. -2'2; Fitirfa.f (.'orrtap, 
iv. 170t. Nt'v«rtlielt>!>F, Fairmx does not 
seem to liaTi; d(-i)in,'<l lo rvwtnn.' ttii- kine 
wilh<mt ciinditiona. The royalisla bilifntvi 
bim l'» lift'Htin'ly tbeirown, when rliry wero I 
BlnrtUtl by hearing ibnt h** had join*rl l>ijrd 
.Maurhesit-'r'B party, whieh wished to oltli^> 
(Jhnrles to acn.'iit th<' ti'mi* olTerrd to his 
patty at N«!Wi>ort {Cltimuion State Pnp/trt, 
iii. 7:^1, 7:^1). But all plans of iJuh natnr* 
weru fntntrated by tbo Lxiuduct of Moni^k. 
Fairfax nM in Uio intiTim c<nincil of «lBt4 
{a March 1<^>60, Cal. Sf^U Papen, [Juiu.J 

L 3 



Fairfax 



MS 



Fairfax 



1<V)1>-00, p. xxvi>, WM B^in clcciwl nii'mbtr 
for Vorkiiture (Marcli KWO), uiil wa^ cIuMUO 
tu lieulUie ooiiimiiifiioiii>r4 ot thi< twu boiuM 
aent td tbe kin^ at t)i«liagitM. Altlioiigli he 
haddoaesomuclito fanrardllioRestoralton, 
b* rfltuniedio Nun Apiiloton vrttlioii; rilfa«r 
tumouno or ri'K.-Hrda. l.uiUnw rei>rt*?*nM him 
u oppcwtDgthp vitidictivH policy of the C'lti- 
vi'niion parliament and ML^'in(|f n[M'ii)i' ' that 
if aay man defierved to be excnptt'd, he knew 
no tn»n that dwwrvwl it inor»? (liiin himw.'If, 
whn beinff genirral of tlin iinny, and having 
power sumcieiit to preTent the pmc«iL»dinKi 
agii.ini<t Tbi" Uin^, hod not ihon^t fit to 
wake use of it t^ilhat tnd'|J/iwMV«, p. 34-1). 
Ono of Fairfax's laitt lett<^rs is an cfirncot 
plw for ckt) moiloratv lud equitabU) treal- 
ment of the p^rsnna miApectM of a share io 
thB80-<ail«d Yorkshire plot (1603). During 
the laat uvea yiTan of Li9> Mfn I'lilrfHX waik 
enppled by diatiafio. HIh roufiin Itrian thtia 
dasonbea nim : 'lie ml tike un <i1il Knman, 
his manly countflnaiM-o flirikine awo and re- 
vereaoe into all that beheld turn, and jet 
mixed with m much modesty auil mMlcncM 
af> no figure of a mortal man ever represented 
more. Most of his time <tid he spend in 
rfli|:poui< duttcH, aitJ much of the roet iu 
rcaditiif t^i>f)J iKnik*' [Makkhah, p. 802). 
During this period hu l^!)m»^LHed nig two 
autobioftriiphicttl wnrkii : 'A^ln>rt MKiuonal 
of the Northern Actions during' the War 
(htTff, from tbf Year UW2 till 1<U4;' and 
•Shnrt MptnorialaofBolm' things to be cleared 
durinff my Command in the Army." Tlie 
first of theiUT (li-alR with tbi> military hiatory 
of tti<> Vorkshin.' cauipai^s: the eecond is a 
vinditalion of his conduct white wineral, and 
somi^ivlKkt too much of a political apology to 
be entirelr truiited. 

Lndy I-airfas dit-^d on 1« Oct. 166'>,FHirfax 
himceLt'oti i:i Nov. 1071; botli wi>re hurii^ 
in the church of Bilbrouffh, near York, The 
will of Lord Fairfax i« ropriutwl by Miirk- 
tuun, whoalso^ivf^s a li.it of pi^jrtraiis, medah, 
and en^riiwa rvpn^seniiiig l^ua (pp. 4>30, 
440). AccominfT to Ihn Mun>- authority thit 
best portrait of Fairfax ia a miniature by Hoa- 
Initii, painted about l<Vi(>, In complexion he 
•WM so dark that.liko StrofTonl, h*w«» nick- 
named ' lllack Tool.' SprigKe, wlio devotea 
several pagea to an Account of his character 
and penon, l«rms him 'tall, yet not nbnve 
Grat proportion, but taller aa some sav when 
he isintaeBeldtlianat homr*M"'7/io Ilfdt' 
»t"iw,ed. isra.pp. 47,31'-')). Whit.^i.x-i.' ihui 
dcstaibea Fairfax in ItVIti: 'Tbo^neral wtu 
a psraon of aa tavek nn<l liiimblc cnrriagf na 
ever I saw in sreat employment, and hut of 
few worda in £»coune or council. . . . But T 
bare observbd liim at Councili of war, that 



hti bath «aid little, but lialh onlnrpd thin 
expreaaly contrary to tlit^ judgTu»nl cif nUhur 
council; and in action in the field I haro 
fleeit him *o bif(bly trannp'iTtol, that scarrL> 
any one dunt speitk a word to him, and h« 
would aiMini mora like a man distract 
fnrint]<!, than of hia ordini\ry mildn 
BO far dilT""i^nt temper' {Mt'tnonal*, i 
ii. ^>. His p>nw)nal conrafr<? wat so c 
npicuous thai hia t'ne.mir.<t clHiif*d him 
other <{ualitiee of a ({eneral. \Valk»r flty 
him ' a pmtlomnn of an irrational and brut 
valour '(///*/,';^y«'/r/«''j'/'-nty.ed. I 
Dut Fairfax hud aliioAii^at m^ritaas 
He vftui rvnisrkubk' fur the rapidity 
marches, the vigour of hix artacka, auil ibft 
excelloaoe of thu disciplim.' which bL' uini 
tained. In hia Vork«him rainpaiirni*, ihouj 
always outnumbenKl, lie continually look t 
ofli-n-ivi-. InlbiiCMinpni|rnofllt4/itheTspidi 
with which he naptureil ro many fort^?.■ 
and the amallnefi* of hi§ 1oa$«s prove bin » 
in Kiegw. In rictorr Im> was di.«tininiifhL 
by the moderation of the tenua be impoM!* 
end hr generosity to hi* opponentn. T' 
Letter in which hepropoaeda treat v to H 
ton in March ItV16 t» an example oi this, ai 
hia ouinorous lettont on behalf of royalii 
oflicen ahow thtt cnn- wil h whifJi lie watcl 
over the obee^^•Bnee of artioleis of aurrendi 
Thi> execution of l.uc4U( and Litlewas a m>I _ 
tary inatAnce of wrerity, aiidb]r no maan* »t» 
indefen^ibte one. 

Fairtftx waaamnnofalMn^IitcntrTta:*! 
and, in the words of Aubn-y. ' a lover of le 
ini;,' IlisKrstactaftcr (he surrender of Oxfi 
was to set a slrotifr iiuaixl to proMrve the 
leian (ArKRET, lArr/i, ii. :t4il). Up assist 
the pPOLVilopiciil rcst-archwof Dodsworth.and 
cmlinued theiwusion which kisgiandrn 
hadfn'antedtoliim[HeeI>ot)«woBTii, IIook 
Uv Iits wiU Fairfax bcqiH-ethed to (hv H 
leinn twenty-«i|rhC valuahlc manuMTiirtn 
the whole of the collection tVinned by li< 
worth. That lilwary al«o acquirvd m I 
H volume of poems and tmnsJalions liy Fi 
(gtx entitled 'The Employment of my .So 
tudt),' extracts from which are primal 1 
Marltltam {i*/"' '/ J-'mr/iii; pp. 4|I>- 
MACRir, AttuttU of the li'^iUian, p. Wt). 

[A selection from tha pnprn of tli-' Fai 
fiunily is ;ovi" in the I'airfax Currcspoi 
ef which the Hw t«o volui'ir^i wore puull 

1848, edil«4l hy ()- \V, Ji.hu-m ; tltu IamI 

1841), edited by HoWrc IL^U, uuder Lte titled 

Mvmorials of the Civil IVhp Tba opiut 

LliTM liittera ara now <li 

tli« itritiah Mtiamim, o<l 

Mr. Alfred Morriwn • i 

Rep ft. ii. p. 407). W 

ftriMit fHlllioDa or LeM . 




rairfax 



r49 



m>n m Unrktiun'x lifn of Knirriix (p. .103). 
They w«w flr*I p«l/.i*Iii,tl hj Briitn Fnirttix 
J69S, ami rui'rinuJ froai bia nlttioD in 
*jaww Trwi. (r. 374, od. S«tl), <md in 
Jeot Tra«s. p. 409. The only com- 
is tljAL ptiMi.ih(il br I/)d£cin III08 
■Ei'IukHaii itH[icrU>T7, tii. 1S\. Hti^ 
fT tm ni f^mgm o( l)i« M«raorUls and oCh«r 
niUin^ lo rnirfiut an prinud in the 
^ tbp Hut. MSS. Comni. p. 4fifi. 
rof Utlctvon poblieanbJKtsanjkinoii^ 
fiUDvr MSS. in th» Bodloiati.aoiiioof nhich 
■pnatnl inCnrr'aJtlomoritilsof ihe Civil Wrp, 
Oifaon »ri< prlniDd io Rtubwottfa'H Cul- 
iiiD (toIh. v. ri. Tii I nnd in tfa« Old J^riin- 
Ui^. O'^^l-S^/- The boM Lifo of 
ia tbnt hy MarklimiD (The Oroftt Lunl 
1S70). whtfli nliM contAtat nn excellatil. 
C of the |ntp|>)ilFU rvlatJDR Ui his <Minpnigii«. 
fJKK^'* At'i;!!'" It^lirim, «!- 1851, ■!<:«« an •<?■ 
bl ~ I tbeneirnKjdd in Ifl44-6i 

IB nirft. ihe Life iif Cit|<tain 

>l|;Hri, :ir-.i i:>«< I.lnchMBof XhWCMLIo's 

f« vf bcr linabnad illusUsU tb» TorksbiTe 
iptigna ) C. n. F. 

TAIBFAX, TIIOMAS, D.D. (16M- 
?10), jesuil, a muniber of au uld Vorkahin; 
ily, wA»b<.>ni iulliitt county in lO-VJ. Hi- 
ludied in lliu cdUoit-) of tliu ioHuiu at Hi, 
fiU(Tr,*!nterrdtlK-nov)liutt^al "W mt'ia.^riwpU 
OTfi, aud WW oixiainod prieet 18 Dec. lftt*3. 
Lt une pHHixJ bf jirofoma tfaeolofiy nt Li^Rv, 
ud ID 1*1'^ bu vrnn aumaXn at Onnnr, Un 
BCcc»*i<)n of .lamra II strenuous efforts 
r- mtulo W the jesuit« to get a footing 
I OtCtril. Ill urdvr tu pve wvi^ht to ibe 
f Ltl.. r-: iiii.l t.1 mmft l\i-:m in obtaining oca- 
Tbe nrovincial, FuiUtir John 
I _iii it odTiMbli) that thegenaral 
the uMneiy sbuuld be notttion»l to allow 
nio't 'lit to lake tlie ilvgnc of D.D. 
< I'^wbo baO j>roffased tbe<iloK7 
:li»t dtirrw al TriivTj*, 'alXiT 
>nfl and at taucU eTpirniu-,' 
u^ FatjfB.i,aDdertbeaa8.umed 
II. Jl in Mali.-d tliBt Fairfax 
.Wse : professor of pKilo^nphy in 

iiiiri I ■ iih-a?-, Oxfonl, anil tliala«waa 
lyiTsml in ttworionlal iaDf;tiat^:«. 
^1 Pit. HtS7 JaioeLS II ^ent a letter to 

rurktT, bi«Iiop of I (xford. who 

C^i— T--n- i ■;-■■■ ■ -M :-.'■' tiC-dlcgiJ, 

rniDatiii' 

■ '■>.<; catbolirii 

Ac«ttdin^ly I'mrfiix wan ad- 
II !i -hit{. 'lO^r-J*, and two 
ljr» liii' ( .. iif nrt^ of th« col- 

/p- Al . I li Dr. noiiai'f ntiiri' 

lOord, tini« nt ih" lour vicareapostoUt.-, waa 
D 31 March IH*^, by a in«mlfttor7 Inu-r 
in lliti kiiii;, ni'niiiiriToit nresideul. At tliat 
tlu! Huyonty nt' titu bUowa and dwuiiea 



were catholics. The hopee of Ihe catb»lica 
were, howevi-r, dMtroywl by thi- reTolution. 
Fsir^ Wfla aliackod iu iLe atreete of Oxford 
Olid narrowly escaped boiiif; nninl«r*d ; and he 
was formally rBraovMl ttttm his fellowahip by 
Uip vwilor OH .to t).:f. IBfW. 

On -2 Feb. lffi>'2-.1 lie w.i)> profi.<w«d of tlte 
four rows. In 1701 itnd 1704 )i« woa pto- 
curator of thft Rneli.ih prnrince of tlit' Society 
of JoisUE), and rej<id»d in Loudon, llv wat 
itationeil nt Wnrtloiir IWtlf, Wiltabire, in 
1710. iind h« died on 2 MarrJi 1715-10. 

lIiswofkBar*; I. 'Sniwltiuwoiwlendred 
tolmpartial People, why Dr. Henry Maurice, 
Cbaplain to W CJrac* of CantsrhurT, ought 
not to b« traduc'd an a Lic<iii»er ot m pom- 

fldet (.'Ulitled, a I'lain Answt^r to a Popish 
'ri«t,' &c. it yrttA subjoined to ' Twcniy- 
une Questions furtlivr ()<.-[u<juitualiu^ the 
Scliiftn of tbf ( 'hurch of KiiKland,' prinlod at 
the lodpngs of Obudiub Wiilk<;r, in Univer- 
sity Colletti't llW*. It wu* wriLtMi in rsply 
to lh*!lt*!V..\l»dnepo Seller's 'Vhiin^Vuswi-r 
to a Popish 1*11051 , (]UfSt toning th« l)rder» of 
Ihp Churoh of Kiij^lund,' Hl?*«. Toa second 
edition of this paaiiiblt't Seller onnosi-"! ' An 
AnBwar lo tbi« Oxtonl ,\ ninindTert^r'a Ite- 
lltwtion»,'ItjjWl. 'J. 'The Secrwt Policy of tho 
Jto>uit«,HiiJttte Preaen:Statcoftbe^orb(>nne, 
with a Short Historj' of Jaus^'nisni in Uol- 
Utid' (a""n.); i!od «lit. 170l', L'4mo. Tho 
nut.hnrnbip is oecTibed u> FairCuA by Uisliop 
Uilliird. ."J. ' \ Caae of Conscience pcopowa 
to, and fk'cidcd by. Forty Doctow oi thfl 
Faculty of Paris, io favour uf JnnitnniMnt. . . . 
With some remarks upon it, proper to cl«>ar 
this whole maUer' (anon.), ItOtf, I'imo. 

r Wood'n Atbeaie Oxon. {IIlii»k iv. ACS ; Lul- 
trvU'ii RcUliou of SlAtv Alliitt«. i. 4<l(i, 41)7, 
118. •'>ti2; llloxiiin's Mng^UUn Cnll. It»uisU>r 
(Index): Bloxnro'fi Mof^cn CulL and Kinu 
JBinciII.pp. 235-S. 2SI-4. 21&-8. 3U : Oliv«r^ 
Jusuit CollMtioRS. p. 87 : l)li**r> OAtholid Ra> 

V- S21. ni. 311 : tilllow'a Uibl. Diet.; JnnWt 
Pojiary Tr»ci«, p. 203.] T. 0. 

FAIRFAX.TIIOMAS. -.ixthJ^iRDlAra- 

r4X«ft'AiiEBo?(|ltitVJ-17f*2>,bomalIlenlon 
in York^hirv in Itiy^, waa (he eldp«t son of 
Tbumiu. lifth lonl Fairfax, by ('Atherino* 
huirr.-asof ib'.i KP;at»-AlaU-H of Lord Culpepper, 
iiicliitlin;.' l.e«<Li C'A^tlo in Kent ana) tha 
NonhvrD Ntvk in \'iq;initi. Hifl father died 
whil«hiiwa*«tUlat()rit.-lL'olJf;p>,Osford,and 
iindf-r ap*', and all the Vorkghirc eitaldii WBW 
sold lo |>ay hia d«bla. The tinal sale took 
placi- it) 1 7 16, and the young lord's onnaection 
with Yorksbiw wiut thiw futAlly 'wivi.irwi. 
Ha is said toliarcbei^na man of ability, and 
to have bt-'t-n ambitious of discinctiwi. lis 
woa intimate with Bolingbrokc, AddisoOf 



.JjJBSMbilJt 



*atrfax 



ISO 



•airfax 



and Sl«e1e, and but n commuuion in tbe 
Lluna. ne was efi^ogvd to Vo married to a 
liujv iifntitlE, and lh>- conlrnct whm actiiaUy 
drnvn iip, xrhrii Iho la<ly jilted him, tmd euon 
af^erwaixJs he vioitvd liie AmnricAu eatatea. 
IttT^ntly the marriaf^ conlroci, with Uui 
ladv'snamecarefully erased, vasfoiindninnn^r 
some old familyMptra. Fairfax fltinllrretimd 
to America in 17^0 or 1717. The Sortbern 
Keckof S'irffinia, which Fairfax had inh<-rit<fl, 
cotnprJMd too n-holc ref^ion bct:vre(;n (ho Poto- 
iDBC uid tlw Ksppfthannock, includiuj; th'> 
ShenondoAh vallej. Fairfax found, wttk-d in 
Virgioia, his cousin William Faidinx, who 
b«came hia afcciit, and vrhnai; ficu en^utually 
8ur<-Ei^eda£tlte eighth lord. For eotnctiuiv 
liin Iiin!iJiip lirrd at Itrlvoir, lli>- house of his 
eoLixtn, on the hank? of the I'otonioc. lU>ru 
he made the Hcquaintnnce oft.he Wiidungton 
family, and he wn/inl Bel voir when I^awrence 
Washington, (lie ekier hrotlier of Oeorjfi*, 
ninrricd Anne Fairfax, and wont to live with 
Iwr ou (be iieiifL touring e«tat« of Mount 
Vernon. Fairfax wbb ialere^tod in young 
Omr|^ Wa«hin^'tnti, and from the time vrben 
tliH fiitan- i^m^ml na* ii hid of lifteeu occa- 
eionnllv riintinf^nt Belroir.his lordahip never 
failed in frit-ndsbip fnr him, and in efuiiia tti 
ftdvanee his fortiiiiw. When tieorge w«a 
little over euteeo Fairfax entru<itod to liim 
ihd importATiT nnd dillinilt dnty fif anrrpyinp 
and muppin^ his property Ui the ^lieiiondonh 
Vftlli-y. Kvcntiially I''nirfn\ wttli-tl in ih.* 
vulli-v, building hiniKlf it botue near the town 
of ^VincLesicr (N'irginia), called (jlr«nv.-uy 
Conrt. llvre hi; I'.tl an uciirelifo in^omoriu); 
Ihcwtlli^iaent rtf an i-xteufcivtf district, and in 
diiichargioft ^'arinllB important puhlir dtiliiM. 
But hiH passion was foi-hiiDtiu^,aiid he had 
n fine mrk of houmU. iliit Wiiiit-i were few, 
his bubiu almost ascetic, and hu wns fumed 
for hilt lilmmlily. 80 titw old liiu'Iiclur livvd 
nn iiQtll the nuT nf in<)epndRniM> brok« out. 
He wiw tt »l4iniich loyalist. News of llw 
flurrendffr of Comwalfis rearhwl (treenway 
Court, »nd the age^l nohleniAul.ank tohisbea. 
TIip downfall of the British caiiEo, wroujrlit 
by the man he had trained ami moulded, was 
liLsdnith-blow, He died on 1:J March 17^12, 
aged W, and was biiri'.-d in the chaiicul of the 
imriiJi church of Winclic*ler, whifb he hail 
endowed, and where tlu-nt is a munumtul to 
lus niHtnOfy. Tho nr&aniit lyinl Kiiirfax, who 
iaafilizi'nof lliolnit^d Statra, is descended 
from the old bachelor's cousin utd ngful, 
William Fairfax of Relvoir in Vii^ginia. 

(Fairfax CorrtspoudoaM, i, cxzx-cxjuiii ; Dr. 
Burnaf^'ii Tr»vi-ls in Xnrtlt .America ; The Fair- 
fnm of KiiKlaiuI luid Amtnca (AlUmj, 1968); 
CIeiB«Dtf R. Uurkham':) Life of Admiral Kobett 
Kur&z. lUlUi.] a B. M. 



PAIBPAX, Sir WILLIAM (!«>»- 

1C44), auldior, was tbc MC<md son of Sir 
Philip Fairfax of Sttittnn «ud Fmnciu" SluW'- 
field. In 16:»9 William Foirfnx married 
Franoi'K, daujrhter of SirTh-jmae Cbalnner of 
GutsbnmiighinC'h-Tehind,andMt(terrifJain<^ 
and Thomas Chaloner, the r^cidoa ft), v.7 
He was Imightwl hv Cliarle.* I at Whrkhali 
OQ 1 June lt;30 (Catalog w of the JJiiiief, 
X[arqutMf», Ktugkt^, *i-., W T. WrAi.Kij^r], 
l'W4,p.85>. In 1036 hc'eiiccwdod Ui the 
family e«tjties atSti'^ton and Newton Kyme. 
In 16111 he took the side of the pariiamtrnt, 
nnd ■iiu''i>.'<I IIm.' YorkKhiru |iutitlrjn of llf May 
104^, heseeehing the kiuj{ to trunt tojiarlJa- 
mciit and dismiss his guardB {Old rarlii- 
vwHtari/ Ifuitnry, x. r>24'l. Hf wii* givi-n ihy 
command of a re^ment in tbii army of Embx, 
whichwiwslBtinnedon the left win)? at Ed){e- 
hill and run awaj {i6. xi. 476). Fairfax ttica 

1'oioed bis uncle, Ferilinando, lord Fuirfiix 
q. v.),iii Yorkshire, and look part in the cul- 
ture of Le«d«. (:.'» .)uu. U»3) and WukvSelJ 
(21 May 1H4;V|. In a ktt*T to hi* wifo b« 
smyt of liiuiwdf and his cousin: * For ThommV 
part and mini' wn rt-Ht nftlluir night nor day 
nor will willingly till we barn done r>od»f>m(> 
^lod H-rTic« iigaiiiKi ITis and our vntrmivs' 
(M*KKHAK, Jt'J^rt Fmrfaj; p. l-l). In tht? 
viciiirv »t Naniwich \ Jo Jan. ltE-H> 3ir Wil- 
liam FftirtViT commnndet] a wing of th* hor«r, 
and at Mantou Moor hi-nded a brigade of 
foot on the right of iIk- parlinmcntary limr 
( Markham, L'tfr »/ thf Grmt hird Fair/nj\ 
np, l:W, 169; iU-BiiwoKTH,v. :»-.'>. In August 
](>l4h>.' was despuU-hed into I.anriLahirc with 
twothou«and Vorlo^hin; lu^nu?, and louk pari 
in the ifiep^ of Liverpool. In the relief of 
Montgomery Ciistlu on 18 Sept. 1644 be was 
mortally \vounil<'d,nnddii-d thi: following day 
(MARKllAJI,7i'/*f( FwV/nj. p. 23; Piiii.MpB,J 
(VnV il'rt r in Ifrt/'/, ii. L'IH-)I). Vicars, who' 
Eives a detailed account of the d>'Kt]t of Fair- 
fax, states that be had fifteen wound*, and 
adils that hii widow said ' that she grievi^ . 
not that be died in this cau»e, Vtiit ttiul IioJ 
died so soon to do no more for it' (Am-vuM^j 
Bu*k, y. 34). I'arliament voted LfiOO;. fur | 
the widow and children, an<l on 7 ^pt-| 
IfrW the council of state voted thejn :^,O0Of. I 
more ill lit^u of orrenn nf pay duo \o ttieir' 
father (Cat. Stale Pnofn, Uom. IftW, up. 
lf.1,324). 

[Mnrkham'* Lifo of .Admiral Robot ['airCax.! 
IfifUi (contain* fivo Uttsra by Sir William FstrH 
(ts) ; Fairfax OHrreKpondoDOa. od. Johnson ( 1 648)] 
and BdllClSlO).] C. U. F. 

FAIRFAX, Sib WILLUM GEORQ] 

(lySfl-lslS), vicoHkdniiral, of a fiimily aet- 
tlod in Wwrickslurc aioco Uie limo of Ed' 



Fairholt 




I 



WMil III. pOMdbly Ml offshoot n{ lli*i YnHt- 
Kiiir* fiunily of tlu; Mtme DAine, w»* bom on 
fi lluch I'Sn-O, in the neighbourhood of 
IinT)4nn, lii" fatW beLog an offiwr in the 
li..' I ;!-. Ho eniiin-il the navy in 1750, 
ftr rTingmnI^r K«(»p«l iinaArbiitU* 

Bill, wfLi pnmotedtobelicutennnt OD^Uee. 
17'i7. In 1750 he w»i» n lt>riili^iiant of tlie 

Ivi •'■. Odptftin John ElpliinBton [q. v.l 

t!. itiotu ID tbfl St. Liiwrcnco. aoa 

d'liviuO'.-'. .H;tiv«'lj-w/rviiiK lill AugUAt 176U. 
lie hftd no furfiiOT pmploj-roent till Juiie 
irW, wh*n he wm nppointrd to ibf Uny- 
luiiinil, nnil from Jtint- 1769 to September 
17711 iiv vrhM >^n oil httlf-pftj as n li(tut«- 
nant. In May ir7*« he- wa* promotwl to the 
eommuitl of thv Al«n cuit*?r, and in hir, 
whilr dlt^-hi-d to thtf prard fliH-1. initler 
Kt^pol, and in cuinpaiiy wiib the Arc-ihufa, 
eapturw), afW a aharp eogagMD^ni, ihe 
Ff^ni'h l"p:ger Coarovr, at llw *ame lime 
fi . Oiiiwiwii* K-!it>'n off in hprc<^lfr- 

\r ■ with ihe Belle Poulv. A fvw 

iiK'iii!;i lii'.-r the AK-rt v,-ft« herself captiir*d 
hv the Juinin fri^nN* nf 10 guns, and Kair- 
fix wiwdelaint'daprisoner during t ho Kwatar 
part irf tho war. In January 1.83 ha wm 
pmmotcl to pottt muk, and appoinlml to the 
Tartar fritpitf, which lie commandod till the 
watv. In 1703 hu wa.-* appoiiited to tin- 
9h«>?nir4(i, in wlitrh and in tiio Rcpnlsft he 
rwnainBtl till I7i'll, wbi-n lio wa« appointed 
fla|B-«aptatn to Admiral Diincaii, Ine eom- 
mandt<r-in-«hief in iho North Soa [*>*• Drs- 
CA3t, AnAH, LoRuL In the Vf».-r«lil«' with 
Duncan Iw •hiirccl in th'> difTirulii-vs of iIk' 
ntltinr and tin? glorivs of Cani|H;ri1t>wn. bis 
aen-iiv* on which owfwton were rewarded by 
hi« being made a knight banneret ( Vnittd 
It^-i,* Oit^ftf, \-JJaa.li*2^). H.i«.iitinii/^d 
I. i.lofthffV.-nwahlfliU7Jan. 1801. 

%•, - pnNnot«d to flag rank. He had 

nu luriiii r*afvice; wosfwlvivnciedl-olw a vico- 
adniral on 13 iK-e. Ir^W; and died in Rilin- 
|j I- ' TNDv.lfti;!. He was twice inftrriiHl: 
t r.lo I[annali,Jiiui:l!ti-rofll!eU*>x'. 

1;,.,- ,, .,-,tnirtr IInrfitLHlaMil; she di'-d with- 
out i?i*U'* in 1770: Afnudly. lo Maigaret, 
daughl'ir of ^Ir. 8Anii»'l DiarKTii, and cousin 
ef thr> IlnMtan udmiral, Sir Sauiiid Ortig 
[a.T.j ; by her he brtd a "im, Hi^nry, created 
b baronet' In lS3il, and, with olher iasue. n 

IRalfi>'« Na-pul Bu.g, iv. 4M ; Kami Chroni- 
rio (with an •ograveil p(irt.nul),T, 1*5; F.wl^r'a 
BaninMapo ; Oftrial I>ociini«iila id thv Public 
IWiird CitBM; infannKii'in rominnntcatnl \tj 
ftr W. 0. H- T. Jtnm~iv-r..;!f»«, bwl,, in wbc«6 
ioDif til* ; ir Martin 8be«^eo- 

NdfortbDN«'. 1>-1 S.K.L. 



FAIRFIELD, CILUILES (1701 P-, 
18l>4), painter, ev>_*culcd 60tn« original workl ' 
of great uorit, which pwsedaliaasl unnoticed 
owing to hia retired and diffident nature and 
tboMcluaion in which Iw lircd. He to beat 
known aa acopyial.of the worhaof (he Dutch 
and F1erai«h mactera of the wventeentb cen- 
tury, Tlieao were pxlrt-melv wi-ll ()uiie,Bnd 
were eftgnrlr aonght al>«r \y daalers, who 
difipoeed of them OS originals. A copy by him 
of IVnirrn'* '!.« Bonnet RoMgi- ' wa« 'of the 
laafX ntriliing pprfi'<!tinn of hiiiah and totu;, 
capable of deceiving any one could it have 
but ajpj* (nanuMrtpt tiot«t in Akdkbdos, 
(\>tttetatita Sioffrapkiea, print room, Ilntiab 
Museum). He died in Brotnpton in 1M4 
in his furty-llftb yvar. H« etch^da few plates, 
including oui- of a * Cavalier at the Door of 
an Ion,* alter Hetsu. 

(Bcdgmsa* l>ict. nf ArlJuU; fl»nt, Mag.(l805), i 
luv. 880 : Niighir'* K«n«tli>r-L«xtkon ; Bryanli 
Dirt of i'aintera flnd Kngrarnr*, ni. Om*aa.1 

L.C. 

FAIRH0LM.CIIAR1.es. [SeeFEBJiB, 

ClI.VIlLEfi.J 

FAfRHOLT. FKEDKRICK UlL- 
LI.VM (lal4-IS<Wl>. enirnTBr and antiqua- 
rian writer, Imm in Ltmuon in IMN, waa iha 
son of a Oieman named Fabrholz. who L-atne 
to England and worked in a augar, and then 
in a rohacco niAniibrtory, anrliciaing hift 
name to Fairholt. FredericI; William wu» 
bis aixte«-iilh child hv hi* wif.', llw* daughter 
of a Hniialtii^ldti Ailk* weaver named Diigwe 
A( schiHil Fuirlioti used to fill up ttun Urg> 
capitals in liia coi^book wilh [riciurea, and 
tut rwp>iv«d refpiLhr drawing leaaona when he 
was twelve, nlien a boy hi- wun awanJed 
the ftiWiT ' Wa' medal of thy Socii;iy of Ana 
for n drawing; and before he was iwoniy- 
oDe be worked at print colouring, and nU 
for some timi' Ui" ajuu.ftnntof a Kem— painter. 
For fourtis^u yejin. apparently in the early 
part of Ilia life, he had employment ui 
tobacco faclflrr. When twenty-ona be " 
came an nMistant to S. Sly, the wood 
grarer, and from this time worked sieadilr, 
at engraving. lie made many hnndreiu 
of drawings on wood to illu<irntc Cliarlca 
Knight's ptiblicaliooH, the 'IVnny Magazine,' 
'Lnndon, ' IllimlratndShakisp'-rare.'.Vc. TliB 
fimi important work entirely illtiMrated by 
him waa Jackson and Chattu'a ' Treatiae 
Wood Rngraving,' 1^30. Among the other 
works illtutrati'd bv him ar»>: llnlliwcH'c 
'Sir John Maundeville,' 18.%; iUwkin«'« 
'Silv.rt Coinage of Ennland." IWl ; S. C. 
Hall'x ■ Mani-Ions of England/ lA4d &: Hal- 
liwell'a ' Life of Shakupeore,' IB41< ; Chatio^ 
' Facta and dpeculationa on Playiug Card%! 



■^-""- 



.^S: 



Fairholt 

184ft; O.B. Stnith'a * .VntiqnhiMi of lUeh- 
bofoush,' 18JJ0; Kwis's 'Ancient Rrtti»h 
jOiitm, 1*^4: Madmen's 'Jewish Coitun/ 
|lH(l4. Ue also UluEtratwl L/ird Loadesbo- 
Tougli's ' >nwollaniMi Orkphicn.' U. raunsvU s 
' Inveiuortuiu ii«>p iilchrale,' aod ninny of the 
works ofTliomiu Wright, the antiqtmrr, in- 
chidinz hi» ' Arctucoui^cal Album,' 184fi. 
Kairltoll's ant iqiiariaa IoiowIwIkv! and (idf lity 
aa a dmi^'lit-^niati wena tnuth iq demand for 
thv Uluittnition <jf k-uiicd uul>lic«tioiu, and 
he i*g;iilarly drew for the Society of Aiili- 
qiurip^, for tlw Brilifih Arclueolo^cical Aseo- 
rJntiiiii (fniRi 1843 to 18.>2), and for lh<* 
Numii>iiiiitic Hociety (if London (Ironi 1H.V1). 
/!« WM a1«G wmplored ■» artist and irriter 
for tin" ' Art Journal.* 

Fairholt was the aiilhor of the following 
workm, ttia<t of tb^^m containing ill iiHtrat ions 
hv hiiu»Hlf: 1. *Lord Mayors' I'agonnM' 
( Wrcv Sociptv (, l«4a, &c.. 2. ' Co«tume in 
ICn^laud; 1846 ; 2ud vd. 1800 (ltisb««t kuown 
work), a ' The llomeof 8hnlceiipetu«,'IB47. 
4. 'Tobacco: its Uuioryand Aafiociationa,' 
IBM*. 6. 'Gojrjind MnKug,'1800. 0. ' I'p 
the Nile," I8«2. lie edited iwvoral worts for 
ihtf Percy Society, includJuR ' Satirical Soapi 
and rot-ms on LVi<iTum^,' 1849, and was wiitor 
of 'A Uietioiiary of Tonns in Art' (I^ndon, 
ll^&4),Svo. andof Lvlv's ' ]>niinatic WorW," 
IWSfl, &<:. Hf was ili'rctvd O-Uow of ibu So- 
ciety of Antiiiuaries iii !B44, and coutributi'd 
to its procviL>diag>i during «Lxlpi>n years. Hi> 
waa aliu) » iiii«utlwr of the Britiiih Archa-o 
lojfical Assoi'ial ioii, and contributed 1o it« 
'Journal' (viil*. i. Ji. v.; (iiw Jourtt. Uril. 
Arch. Amoc., (Ji-nflral Indpx, vols, i-xxs,), 
und wa«B tnemliCT (i-k>ctud ItUri) oflliP Nu- 
mii>niiiiir Society of London. lie wrotfi four 



Fairland 

fcrd-on-Aron. His jwneral library he 
to be sold for the benetit of the Liu- 
Fund. 

[C. R. Smtth'a CollMtaotn Atttiqua, ti. MA- 
311 : C. R. SiakVfl RotronpcctJoni, i. 218-26: 
Gent. Hag. 1868. 4th a«r.i. 764.913: Ittil. Mna. 
C«t ; Etirydoti. llriUnn. 9th »]. art. ' Fnirbolt 
Numismuttc Chrou. new sor. ti. 16. 16 : Prv««i. 
iaea, Soe.AntiqDariuA. 3o<t Mr. iii. (1846). 'i87-S. 

w.w. 



rni^H 



ID*. 



[wiwre in ih« * ^Miinienutic Chronicle.' 

Vairholt'e biiify life vra» cliit-By upent m 
London, and hi' iisimI t.o n&y, 'T hnt^ tho 



OOuntr}'.' In ISStJ, howevf-r, he went with 
Lord Londoeborouifh to ihc (>otit]i of Frnnpc 
and to Hoinp (his jounicy dencribed in C It. 
Smilh'A VoUtfitatiea Aut. vol. v.), and after- 
wanlfl ou two uc^Wtiioiut t o H|;ypl . Siji VL-ars 
beforp hi* di*(h he wai found lo be miflSirinft 
from TiitwrcularooiiHuniplioa. hilt ho worked 
on as usual. Hi> diivl cm 3 April I8t1l), u.t 
as MonTpidiftr Squnre, llrotnpton, and wa."* 
buiitKi ill th*" Brompton cemetorr. Fairholt 
iraa a compnnioimblt^ man, ntid anion^ hii< 
friendfi wi-r.' H, C. Hall, llalliwell, J. D. Kim- 
bault, 'niiimas NVriffht, nod C Iloiu-h Sinitli, 
biii esecutor. Ha boquMttbtid acoUection of 
betw-ivn two and thre« hundred volumaa on 
eivir ptt^antrr lo thp Society of ^Viiliqun- 
ri#9. I]ii<^ priiilK and wcirkii on conl.iiihi- Im 
l«ft to the British Museum, and his Shake- 
CpMiMU colli'cliuus to Ihv town of Sirat* 



FAIRLAND, THOMAS (180HHS2), 
litho^tapbuT and {H)rtrsil-{isinter,sbowvd i 
Ourly tadic for drawiof;, ainl pmctiwl fro 
naiuiv in Kensington (larclena. Hk Riib- 
queutly hfcutnf a ntudent of the Ho_. 
Acad(?my under Fus<>li, and gained a silVi 
medjil fyrn drawii]^ from tht> cast «( Hor- 
culea which «tood in lh« cntranec^hall of 
that inatitution. Turning hi* allt-uliou (o 
Une-en^nTing h« bocaine a papil of Obarlt-it 
Warren [q. vj, but waa more attracti-vl by 
tbp new art of Utht^raphy, in which be pro- 
duced toiav v«rv good works. ^VrntTng tneiw 
may be noted ''rhe tlwyoit.; or Who'fl sane 
till) Kinp?' 'The VilUge Champion,' and 
'I^ft Ia^ Kon'nnn.i,'rrompic1urvaoy K, Far- 
rier, 'Tho Poor her"sOoiif<xbTftlc. 'after I "harlea 
Hancock , ' The Ita t-L'at cher.' aft.>r \ . Cooper, 
and othi^rs of a ifimiLar naturo, including a 
fi pnlilled 'The Sporuutan's Kxhlbiti'n: 
A SoriM of Heads of the princiiwl HritiW 
Sporting UogB,' from piclurva by Sir E. Lan" 
8ci'r, A. Cooji^r, and C. I i«m-ock. .\ vnlnmo 
of'('omtcSkcitlics,'afti-rW.H«m.puhl!fthpd 
in 1^44, ut(uin>'d ifnral. |>i>piiliiritv. His must 
important work, and one of the bfflt cv 
executed in litboumphrt was the cartoon 
thu Virgin and Child ( uiion~n as tbn R 
Maduuna] by Kapbael ; this vim don« w' 
Iho cartoon wn» in i\\if ]Kiw«esion of Me^ 
Coloaglii. OtUfrsuhitwis lithognp'hL'dby 
wi-n- 'Tilt" MiwiT,' afi:«rQ. Matsrs.'N'niiQ 
crotwinc tbi^ Alps,' after PaviS, ' I 
after Westull, und some portraiis. 
lb« [iccline of lilhopraphy, due lo 
competition and th" vimuri<.^s uf fiifihion, 
land devoted liini*t>If to portrait -[mini ing, and 
cujoyod tbo yolronayf of many emiut-nt an 
illustriouapemonagi-i, iiicliidingrnyaltv. H 
waa.bowowr,iu>Tcrahle to ptao<> himiBK-Ifa 
bis family above Ihp preMiire nf pe-cntiiar' 
diHicuUics, and afttTanrnlntu^ntriitrgltf 
tw'-'vn industry and ill-tiealtli be dit\l of roi 
Miniption in liclolx-r 1K5:J, in bis forty-tiinl 
year. William Fairland, p>:Hia|iii Iuh brotbi 
alsopmctiaod ni a lithognpher, and exiKrnt 
'TheCuIprii I)i;tcetwl,'nft.TR. Farrier Miul; 
ll»bedlM.^l)/Tli^ Lovers' Vigi!,'.ifl<TSnilrki 
and otIiL'Df. Ut! also uxecuinl anatoi 
vubjecta. 



no^l 
»,1 I 






Fairlcss 



[RoA^tv'* Diet, of Artista : Hrran'a I>i«c 
«f Painlen and EBgnrvra - Oltlaj>a Diet, of 
K«pnii »itd LiTiouFaulUn; Ntt^er'H Kitunlep- 
Lnikaa.] L. C. 

PAIRLESS, THOMAS KERR (IS2.V 

IHM), Un(!i'c«in-t'«iiiti.T, born in lyift ut 

Htxhiun, Xonuiimlxrhnd, wsa nn4> of the 

■om of Ja»«yli t'airless of Ilexhuin, a well- 

BuMrn au'l |K>piiUr tmiiqiiikrr, wtiose D»in« 

lie iiueimblr loiinttci-d villi tlio history of 

iKiinliiiinbnai) antKiuiliFs. Youiiff FairliMB 

' }».*.! an r-arlv prwlilcftioo for lirr, wbidi 

[iTicoiini^eii by Ii!a piirenlf. llv wu-t a 

IsludpntofJicivick'f ^-ifiTiettecngMTinpe, 

I fur Mtiuc titou wmkvd vaiivt IJcwick't 

pupil, Nicboiwtii. a wc">d-#njiTaver, at New- 

9lW. ik-in^' tltHulifilii^d with hi« pro^rnvs 

Dv (ram* til I^itiildTi, willi tlm iiitt-iitKni el' 

a^ trt Km profnftsion, and devoted bim- 

II landwnpt-iHiintinR. His worlti wew 

■1m1 in a bmail and Ti^roiin manner, 

itli m fin<< idvs of colour ana pxquiaite feel- 

ft>r ibn beaulU>« of 601111117 «"itTT, 

atkervd during- tbe cammer dayn msottf; 

and paatum of England. From 

ilMl 111; wasaiiDxbibitural ibpHoyal 

my, Ibtr Ifntisib Iiiilitution, and tbtt 

'; Sirwt (inllcry. II*" luid ponsidurablp 

laaa Ii-arJiiT<>fdmwint;nnil |iainl.in(^, 

itMl iea-viewfl and phippinp, and 

tinuBbia an in ^cotlond und on 

fmn1tni>nt. Tli^ (v>natitiilinn wns iint. 

tWLTi^r, ticM 10 bear tbe etniu of bard 

and ill A'ljnwt I80I be n-liinu-d willi 

Brfd bt-ulib to H*-xbaai, wfafw he di"<I 

l4 Jnty l6o>1, in bia twenty-eiffhtli rear. | 

(At* ^'wmil. IbSii Rodgraro's Di<4. nf 
- Ilict, or Artirt*, 176U-1880; 
tiKirtiAl, Apnt 1873: iofomw- 
ii>>;) n'i ■■! .LtDML. I'airlrM.) L. C. 

PAIRLIE, IIOBKRT FHA NCIS (1 f»I - 
,St*i>, civil ©nuinwr, bom in Soollaml in 
h l".')!, ^^^».* the son of an onffinetT of 
llin (Tactioal mining in 
;. WM re<vjvi>>l al L'rewe and 
miiuu. i'urinff a stiikc in 1851 he 
il hia akin br artini; aft tmgiuii-drivrr 

^ , Willi t<on{RitbenGrosrcnor 

iTi t- .1 I ,,irij-' wa-t appiiinled suwrinlcn- 

dtiiii mid fffiuTnl iiiiiriuurr of t!i" London- 

-r.inr milwftv, a j»>»i whicb bo 

■ r n ui'iru lucrntivt- iMwition 

■ I It .■ -)., nilwoy. Having 

•iX|Wieaea KBirlii) 

(i iiiiraainGracwcburdi 

1.<Mi N, afl a «>4Dai)liliig KBgineCT. 

'. ;>i imi FniriU pBtMttexl 

ipnp,' intondetl to mnot ] 

■I bad prcveuUNl tbv ex- i 





^^^^ 




t«nHioii of nulwii^-K in biUyand Ibinlv i>o|k1* 
biled coiintriea. Fairlifl's princinle was In 
iiMi a narrow •f;aii|{c liaij^^froin 1 ft. 10>n. 
to :) ft. 4 in. — and tonniploytliAwholAWe-i^bt 
nf;\K fuel andwater,aawellaaoftb«cn)i;iDC 
itsi'If, to incnHUo lh« ndhcaion to tb« rails. 
The en^ne mm provided with a very long 
boiler plafMid on two swivelling trucka or 
' bogioH,' wbicli carriml also the Bl«am cylin- 
ders. 

Tlie first dotiblfshogie on^n» wa« built by 
Jiiuvs Cmsi & Co. of St. Utfluoi!, for tbo 
Neath and Urec«>n railway, in lt«B, and ila 
woi)ilil woa fortv-aix looB. About thte limv 
Fairiii! wan rr>(|ui.*»t<Hl lo dnnblM tb<> ' toy 
railway '(th<>ifau^ is only 1 tt. 11} in.) from 
lh« n<iUli #lii(p port of Portmadoc in ihi" 
<|uarrK>a at Tan-y-bwicb and Foatining— 
a di«laocpof fourte(>n milea — which for aom« 
y«r« had b^n vorkod bv tnalo-powvr. In- 
Btoud of doubliiifi tb« Iiiw Fatrlio adapted 
hilt n«w i>ngin« to it vttb complete micevea, 
lilt itm •■Dsiuv, tbt> ' Little Wundvr,' ptilk-d 
a train of afnie (ru<-J{» a tjuarlcr of a mili> in 
btngtb and wfiRhinK' iK-arly thrt-e bundr<-'d 
Inn*, and tbta over a T'lrtuoualinx \ri(li i>lv<5p 

f:nkdicnta. Thefani.>of Fiiir!it''snarrow-(rnug8 
inv« and duiibli<'br^e cn(;ini.« iioon Ivl to 
thoir inlri^diiolion into ItiLisin, Xew Znilatid, 
Sweden, Auatnitia, Cape of Good Hojv, 
Mi>xt<-o. Draiil, &c., and tlie inrcmtor bfr;(nn 
to n-np n rich ri'ward. On Ibt^ lijutqut.- mil- 
way in i'eru Fairti« en^iiiea weighing ei^hty- 
fivv Tons witn? iiaed with compU'lu tueci^ff. 
Fairlid pronnaMl fiirtbiTiiu^t-ldprnwnts of Ilia 
eyaten. \«it<'d intercptii wen?, however. too 
BtroRfTtOKilniit ofbin melbo<Ubi'itt);pmrtiM'd 
on n larai' Acalf in KiifClund, nnd tbr> f'arly 
death of^tlie inventor ]>revenled biro from 
rompl<4tU|iand pushing his plauti. On tlio 
M08COW mid Si. IVtfTsbm^ line ' Fairlie'a 
railway ' woa 90 eomnletn a siiccesa that the 
rzarbiid n spr^dal golu medal fltrufik in honour 
of the invi'ni'>r. 

In 187^ Fairlie wan requested to deairn 
and mnstnict ■ system of railwuyi^ (or tUf; 
n-piii>licof ^"t'lii-mela. llfuiU-din l)«>mb»^r 
and bad a xuustroke H>on aflt-T lauding al 
Trinidad. Tlii» wiw frtllowini bv jiin^li- fc* ur, 
caught while surveyiiifr the marsln.* noar 
Puerto C'altello, and it wa« with grent diffi- 
rultr br was conrcvMl to Tolon nnd ihi-nor 
toliUglnnd. From ibisilliieas be npvcr fully 
recnrerihil, iboiigb he had prt'vionnly beun 
a man of rouiarkable Mronjfih. Ilu did Kt 
biabnuM, the\VoodlHnd!i,L'la|thamUomni(Mi, 
on 31 July It^'i. Fairli(> wo.'* twice m4rr!i>d, 
and l«fl a wif<- Bii'l five t^bildn-n. 

(Tim«^ l8F6l*.aiHll Mari-h IH70.and 3 Aug. 
lHNa;Kngino«r,7An4[. Iftfl&iKoginmriiip, 7Aug, 
18S6.1 W. J. H. 



I 



Faithorne 



t54 



Faithorne 



FAITHORNE, WILLIAM, Hit. el.l^r 
(IttU^ltJiil ), ongmvor and pottrait-pftintor, 
waa bom In I^iniToti id 1010, aai »tu(li<-<l ftnt 
under Willinm Pcflke, pmint^r T^ ObarlAA I. 
After working with him for three ye*n bebt^- 
camcii[inpil>'ir.loIm l*aTno,nndaiib««quontIy 
of Sir Kot>t-n Pt'ttke. 4)d ihe wtbrefibof tlie 
civil Mur Faithtime took up amu In ilcfmcLi 
of hie (iriucc, jotiicd tbo ruy«t armv, and was 
tog-^tli^r witli Ilia iiia«tcr ond WeuceBlaiu 
Hollar in purrison nt Uaaing House, the resi- 
(lenco of lac Mftrquls o( WiocticcMr. Al its 
Kurreadt^r hn wa* rando prisonw of war and 
confined in Aldcr^mtlt'. On hiii ruU-asv ho 
fVCW liunii'tii-d for nitwinji to tnke the nalh to 

"iver f^omwpll. While in prison 1ib un- 
ftTHvwl iWTijrsI hpdda of nobVmpn, nmong 
them the nire portr«il of the !>nke of Bnck- 
in([bani, engraved in the muniier of Clniide 
Afcllnn, HaviniT been transporli-d to Fmncc, 
vv bill' n^sidin^' in I'll ri<<h«bo<!iuiii'tb(!<:-stc«ined 
friwid of tbi> cclflbmted eolieeior, Michel do 
Murolk-*, al>b6 du Villuloin. wbo^u mugnifi- 
ci"nt collection of i:*.'J,400]iririi*iwaji«cq«ir»'<! 
bv C'oIbt>rl for Uuia XIV in 1667 for 80,-100 
liTTeif. Till* nbbC' ivndily ossift^-d Foilliorno 
with the nsn of any print h<^d«iin-yJ to copy, 
nnd after spendiu}; wjveral montlw in tfint 
rapltftl irorKinf under ItobiTt. Niint«niil hfl 
obtftined, in IwSO. j)«nni»9iioti to return To 
Encland, marrit^d a 9i§ter of Captniii tinind, 
anil settled in a houite wilbout Tc-mplc Itur 
«t the mpn of the Umki', agitin«l Hie I'aU- 
gravo's Hivid Tavern. Hero Faitbomu iv- 
liided for several ypant, m-Uing priittit execult-d 
by him and othur miutcr^ About 1680 be 
quitti-d tbr Hhiip nnd took n hoiiae iti Print- 
ing House Yard, Ttlnckfriarii. where he drew 
many port rails in cr&yonx, innliidin^ tb'i>«<if 
Krani'M V l*i[icr, Colwn^ljtilui Aj-i>'«,.li«"«pli 
AUeine, Jolin Smitb, John Sttirt, and Joim 
OliviT, purvpyor of the worts at Si. Panl's. 
H(> ditil in May IfiPl, and was buried on lh<> 
ISthof tlial month in Si. Anrii,*'a,IJli»ckfriftrB. 
Thomas Flatrnnn, in a poem in memory of 
hia friend, uy»: — 

A Faiihorae SciUpaii is a charm can ure 
From dull olilivivu, and a f^iiping grave. 

Faithorne angrared numerous portnllf ,book- 

tilat)^, mapR. title-pa;:^*. &e. Among tho 
ijrmi-r !<hould \v iip'.'eially u>i'n1 ion-jd ibocMi 
of Elirab(.'lh Hitting betwtN>n Ijord Uurgliley 
and 8ir F. AVabiini^bam. Thia ^roap in pre- 
fixikil to 'Th" (Vimpliiit Ambwuiiaor. . . . 
Fav'hfHllvpollecte<lhvtlieinilTnonoii™ble 
Sir iliidley DigRB, knt.,' London, 10.VJ, fol. ; 
Oharle? 1, nearly to the waiM, in oral, in*i> 
mour ( froiitispieice to * A CcMnpleal Uutor>' 
of tht> I jfir and lUigne i<f King ObariM tmia 
Ikia Cradla to bt« Grave,' by '\\^UiiuD Sudm^ 



con, Iiondon, HJo8, fob); Henrietta Maria, I 
the waiMI, to tin; b^ft, with pirarlit and Jewels^ 
on herbreant ; tbe&nt )ilat«,bfXor«tb«dr«u 
yrne re-oogravcd, realised at ibe Syhea'a nale 
in 1821 71. l'2s. Gd. Ch»rUf* IT, nmrly to tbu 
waifil, to the ri^bt, in armmir, with th>> fol- 
lowing inscription b<;low : < Tbe Second 
Oharle*. Fliir* of y* lUivtM Martyr . . . ; ' the 
£rsi Elate reali&cd at tbe EJvkos'a sale 31/. lOs.. 
and at the Marsball's sale' in 1861 iHi. Ca- 
iherinc- of Bragnnta, in the dress in which 
sLeamved, SyW'saale, 14/. '2*. Faithorm-'a 
drawing in Indian ink sold at thti llindley 
sule inlc^lMforlO/.(H/. Pruieu Rupert, after 
^^'^liliU) Uobson. in oval, almost full faco, 
fin^i state. Sykes's sale, OV. lO*. 04. Another 
portrait of l*riiiw Rupert, after Vaiidyck, 
nialis^d at tbe Sykes'a bale 14/. VU. Of liiia 
[loTtmit there exist« a copy, which may be 
oa^ilv dLitini^iiidied by the abuncc of somt 
small dots, towards both ends of tbe tluidow 
of the inner part of tbo oral, towards the 
right. Cbriititia,t{ueeD of 8w>.>dvn, in inal, 
to tbe left : this is a reverseil copy of Koliert. 
Nantuiiirs print. Robert Bruce, Karl of 
.\yl™bury, in uvul, to th« right. Mary Al- 
ston, Sy lees's sale lo/, ■(#. 6</.,pn?fisedto'Tb* 
Wuircln'* Triumph over Death,' by Edward 
Iteynolds, D.D., Ijondon, It)fi2, t»To. \HiAa 
Aeumole, prvhxed to 'Thcatrum Chomicuiu 
Uritanniouin . . .' by E, A., London, lijoif, 
■Ito. Frances Hridge«, d.iiigbtvr uf Willium, 
fourth lord Chaudus, aft-^r Vnndyt-k, Uiiid- 
ley'* sale, 13/. 10*. UntlMia Villifr*. Coun- 
ties CosUemain, Uudieaa of ("Icvi-limd, to 
the waii>l, almost full face, re.^ing her head 
on her left, arm, t'<.rriA «ili-, Wi^. ;W. A 
magnificent proof of this print, traditionally 
said to bflvebevn pn>seuU<d by Faithonie to 
Marit^ti', wlw)i>t'Hljfi)Rtiir>inppi4r»on the beck 
oftbf! impression, dated ItKK.woaanld in 1 J«*7 
at the Roiipt'll s.ile, and ii; now in the colleo 
tioti of Mr. All'rrtl M'lrrimn. Pepys. in his 
' Memoirs,' menr ions having seen tlw,' drawing 
at Faithom*-'« hoiiAc, and spealcs of it as tbe 
tjtii'st thing be bad vver wvn, adding that litf 
offered to buy it, and that tbe artidt jimmui^l 
TumU it to him wLi-n be bad fiiuebed bis 
plate from it, on which wrirk be wtut ih-n ■ 
^aged. OliverCromwell. between the pillar 
in armour, with awrml in right bsml, an o| 
bonk in the olbftr; the fir»t »itale, before 
cross-hatching nn the book; it sold 
Old'9 sale in if'-J7 for 4-Jl. ; in lalor im|i 
the head of William III bat W^ii siibat 
for that of Cromwi'll-, an impression in 
>Iat4> L>) in tho i'epysian ci^Ucction at Mi 
dolene College, Cambridott. Thonuu*, Ic 
Fairfax, after Roburt Wdker, nearly tn ■ 
waist, in armour; iIim lintt slate,!"-' 
aiidpubtiahot'saddrBsa,reaUsedai 



Faitliorne 



«55 



Faith orne 




i»Ie ]*!. 10*. i ibtw «K! Uirm; coim« of tUm 
nir..r -1 - ftrait. Sir Itevil Or«nviIlf. to 

It' : niii'iir, pr-.-fixod to ' V«r«ut by 

thi 1 ..L. .!■. uf Dxforxloiilhp I)^lln.f tbe 
matl. *Nobte and Kigli Valiant Sir Revill 
CJfcmiU . . .* Oxfoni, iaS4, Hvo- TIkwiiw 
RilUgrew, after William Sht>phnrii, AentM 
at a t:tl>!>-, n-itli h iIo^; by bis aide ; firet stnto. 
iPfl' ' :rraiitVMK 18.'*, 14/., t3Mttxt«i 

to' ' iiudTragtHlii-.iwrilU'n bvT.K.,' 

li-'>\-i .'>'4, fol. ; IIm* ori^nal peiiitin^ i« 

in ih- 1- -ion of Sir J. Bullpr-Eftrt. Sir 

Willuim IVton, Marfllmil'i wle, 3«/. I0». ; 

Lady Pu«nn, StflrRlmll's salt>,34/. ; Mnrcuvt 

iif Tliotnaa Cnry, Diid wifi> of 

I rbcrt, aftt-r ^'alnl_vck, 8yk«"8 

vai*', MH i Jr, Faillioroi? tiiipravwl Iwu |Q^^^H 

' aUlM, ric. 'An exact 1 VUiwuI i<iti of t li>r nitii-.i 

\ ft l^ndoii and WewiniinaitTand tin.' Subiirlis 

[ thcr>«jf, lo^thrr wit li ve Itnrrinij'li nf fv'iiJli- 

■-vratk and all Tf> tliimni^ifan^, tiit:hwair'.'>, 

Minvhn', lan««. and cnmmon al]i(^^Titll in ye 

aun^ .^'vmTlo■^.'■d by a Sonlo nnd iclinogni- 

Dbii il«.'d by Uifbard Newcourl of 

. 6(ini> icCIoiintieofStimerstitt.f^rntle- 

TbU' exi>^^e<lin(;ly raiv inup, uf wluch 

If il]a])rM^i<iJi kiinwu i« jjri'turviHl iti itie 

ltorpTiriIj^,Hibliiilli<»iaeN'atiotiHlL', 

__ ' eom|i<>Acd itf twt.lvc ailirflo, wllK'tl, 

placed lo^^tJior, mr'afurc 7i iiu^lip's by 
31inch>^ In May MS" Mp*»rB, Evans j'tib- 

Lli*Ii. " " .;i^nfit, Tn 1>C[^ Mr. filanfftnl 

l«>f' -is pabIi»!iwlaDotlit'rfar»iinille, 

iTHi tA lii'or^i'.Iiirnian. ThvotK»r mu{i 

■tof Vuyiniaaiid Maryland, fi>iir3lievlK; 

Mior mi'ttiiiirt's !IB incliM by 31 

vntfv.abitrr.ari-lhrmyalannit 

i: i<jxvanbith«ni;lil, below, Ian 

Icigtal of Aii)cu>^in^ Hermann, 

< ' 'I by tbu llutoli iu ICSO 

latii). Tlii« map, liftid U> 

. . , ,\'-h1 ill the Orenvillu Li- 

iliJih MuM'iim. Anidtiii' tbc known 

nnvinjTHrviid [uintiiiiTiiby I'aiihnmo 

I |iurtniilof ItaHiiirii Villit'r*, full lonplh, 

■Sir Pfl*-r l.elr,tlit>proi»-rlT (1fllH■I>llk•^ 

u-cU iicli ; exfiibitwl ai the lioyal Aca- 

iBl-Tfl. I'oriraitof SirMartinnow.-a. 

mnnilior'nt K-nefact'^-r of tlw Uotdxtuil b»' 

'•imininy « Faitbomo ira» a member of this 

■ •prviid tlip otllw of ward'.-n. on 

aiaa lie prticiited Ihfi pnrtrail of 

vsr. 4>* iiichi'Hby 118 iturhc«, ttx- 

rS<ml)i Kt*tLi>iii)!lvri Miim-um in 

Trait ot Sir Orlando llrid^man 

nliiiM' tHTtmii Fnithym') pnpravi>d) Ui iht- 

SluMiim r- "'-.'r of tW nnint bim- 

bi'Pfll -.Alfred Morrison; 

of Fmi.i — II when an oM man, 

ct-iwor's rv'(.tin, Jt'ival CVHi-L-f of I'by- 

loftj jurlruit of Sir Kdmtuid I 



JL 




Kint^, M.D.,inwaterK?Dlour,]tritia])MuAeuiii; 
porlniitof John .Mil tun, buat, wilb lon^ flow- 
ing iiuir. white collar, and dark dri'jti ; ranva9, 
23 icurhiTA liy |8 incliee, exhibited nt tbo South 
Kenfiinjrtnn Mnwitmin 1880, the [nviix^rtv of 
Mr. KdniLindF. Moore. .\uotlu.-r uortraitof 
thfipofr, in crayons, lh« property of Mr, Wil- 
liam Baker of itnyfordbury Park, Dertfurd; 
iiortrait of Jobn Itay, naturalist, in cniyuns^ 
tritish^IujMim. FnllhomeV portrait, pnintctl 
b^v Itobfri Walki.-r. hiilf-k-n;^)). boldin^ in bi« 
riiflit hand on impreaaion of the portrait of 
'birTboiuot FairiiLt,' nutv in tliti National 
Portrait (iallfry. lTii> foJliiwiiij^ purtmiu 
dusiguud by Faitliorne have been miffraved : 
])r. CbarhM I'tifth, engrnvw] br J. Sarac«; 
JolinSeddon.by JoiinSturt; an<i John Smithy 
by \'andt>rbanc. Faithome published ' Tho 
Art of Graving and Etching. n-herein is ox- 
prpHt tbe tnn* way of graveing in C0]rwr. 
All*o thi- mnnnrr and m«rthod of . , . Callot 
and .Mr. Hus.i* iu llivirsi-vi .nili wnvf^ of etch- 
ing,' lU pUlea, London, ItHl'J, 8vo, dudicatad 
to hia maater, Sir Robert Peake. 

[A DeacHmiro CntalogiU) of tha Rdgrarad 
Worki of Williaai I'aitUornD by Louis i-'agan. 
Tendon, IR88. 8ro ; Walpok'x AneolotCR, iii. 
9U9 ; B-iRfool Pap»nj. Harl. MS. 8910, i». 157, 
Sricisli Miuwum.] L. F. 

PAITHOBNK, WILLIAM, llifi y.>ungi;r 
(■1(^56-1701 ?), mettntmt engraver, bom in 
London in llVitl, \vkj> lhii <.>ld(.'«l son o I Wil- 
liam Faithome tho elder [fj. t.] Acoordinjjp 
to Walpolf he was negli^cent, and fell into 
•di-ilrifiiif* which atnicti^d his father, and 
oljliu'ed bim i'> work for booJu^iUcn* ; ' but 
Chaluiier Smith remarks that ihtH asaerliou 
cannot be tnic, for his lather died in lOUl,. 
and a« tb« yoimKf r man'« print » rruoh far intc^ 
Que«n Anne's Ti'i|^t thpy could not poa»ibly 
h«v« Ih'v» e.vocuu-d bi-fon.- his fatbLT's dvath j 
moreover liii earlier piece* bto inwriln^d 'W. 
Fnithorne, junior,' and it is ptpsumnblo that 
when the n-inuiiid^r 'were pMbtlshiHl h'' waa 
'junior' no longer. The e\act ypur of bU 
iWtli in unknown ; bn n-iw, it ia said, buri«d 
in St, MartinV Churchvnnl, from tho house 
of Mr. Will. Copper in Half Moon Street, 
Covcnt Ganlen.' rorty-thrw plates are known 
to luiv« be«n engmi>>d by bin). Among theM 
are: Anne of ]>6nmark, whenjoruioeM; Anne, 
whi^nquevnofEn^lnnd^aflerDtlil; CliailesI; 
l^inrb-M II, after I'Huwnalrahl ; John Dry- 
de.n, after Cldst^irTniin ; IVince Eiifjenc, after 
Pfi-iU-r ; l-ndv (iracc (.ii-thin, afinr I>ick»onj 
Kir Richard fladdock, af^t^rf*ln«ierman ; the 
Impcflcb>>d Lords, four ovak, on one sheet, 
willi titli-* itndi-r each: William, carl of 
Pi-'rilniid: IMnard, enrl of Orfonli John, lord 
Sumefs; L'bark-fl, lord llaiifax; Julm Mtura, 



ahet Kneller; Msry^ princess orOrmngv, «fter 
1 lanntniftn ; Frvderick 1 of Prtifmia ; Fredw- 



his dt-nUDAtion in thfl followinff Fchruarr^ 
On (he ^Blb of that mdntli hv took iiiiit-l j»i- 



Tick,aiikeofScliombCTK.aft«''l>a'J;Thomii«' »«M6ion of a spot sitiiMfl on riMng- gronnd. 



Sliadwell. nfttT Kenteboom ; thrM nortniilA 
of Williiuu III, unfrKuwUer: James rhrnira, 
and Sujiliia Uorolbea of Z«Ui?, afttT Kerw- 
boom. 

^J. Chaloner Smith's Untiih Mextolinljd Poi^ 
tmiM.pl.ii.p. 461 : Walfok'sAnocdotDkaf Pitinl- 
ing ia EiiKlnfid. iii. 917 ; and manuscript nolen 
)D the Itritinh Miu«ani.] L. 1*. 

FALCOJJBERO. 1>obj). [See NmiLi, 
StK Wii.i.iA«, d. 14(W,] 

FALCONBBRO m FAUX)NBIUDGE 
the BiSTiHU. fSee llREAtrrli, 1-'a].ceii de, 
d. 1330.] 

FALCONBEROorFALCONERIDGE, 

B&«TABD OF (ti. 1471). [HVQ t'ADCOSllliKU, 

Thomas.] 

FALCONBRlDOa ALKXANDJiR id. 

I7!I'J). eiiiveoii, wan forrt-d by (iav>-rlT to 

fmL-lifiu hi« pnifBafliun od board slave Rlii|«, 
h> m>»ci""M'Ttinil vova^nw to Bonny, OM and 
TCew CBlnhnr, and Ani;ok, on the coaAt of 
Africn, and thence witb the slave car^^oea to 
the Wati Indii-ji, Hn foroiblv dcpiclrd tho 
liorrors iliui h« Vfaa cQm]jeIU>J U) wilneoA in 
lu» ' .'Vccounl of ttiv Slavu Trade on tlia Coart 
«f Africa,' ^vo, Londou, 1788. Bytliut limu 
be bfld a comfortable nituatiou at homei, and 
twoyi-ftnitii[i'rhuiniirri<.i^la BriHlolbulf. At 
Iho iiiattmin! i>f Thoiiiiui (?liirlt«>n [u. v.] iiA 
Acmiplud «>mmissian from the St. uporge's 
Biiy(aflerwanlntbtSi">rr« JjooiMilGompanyto 
cafry relief to a numht-r of iinfortiinate people, 
bothn'liiivsandblacka.'n-hi.imlbegovt'rnment 
1 aoiit to the riv.-r SiHrm I>-oni' wnie _v««r« 
fore, and who, in con6e<int'nM< of bavintf hid 
MniM diiipiilo witb tlu> [intivM.wer^scittl^red 
througli t lu> CDiiiil ry in n dcplnrnWc condit ion. 
newtkSBboloformasL'ltlviiK-uirurlitiTin. Ac- 
ooiupimicd by bis wife and brother WiUiam, 
F8lcoiiWi(]j<i< left Ciruvi-i^uiid ill Jauuury 171'!. 
Aftxr hnviiig contideraldt^ trouble with ibf 
Dativi'kitiK)- ui)\vnH(>iiabludt(i Uxoa a euli le- 
nient on tlin juHith tiidc of ibi- river Sif^rm 
Leone. tiftf<eu mile« below Banre Island, and 
six I'nmi Ititbnnn, lo which lie gave tbe nanw 
of (■ranvilli' Town, in honour of DrnnvitU) 
Sharp [q.v.], who bad libirallv eoatributed 
to the fiipuort of Llui int«.'ndinfr roloninla. 
IJe rwturued lioiav in St-juwinber 1791 , bring- 
ing with him numeroiut itamplea of c<iuntry 
Eroduc<tandanative|irince,s<inof Niiiiubana, 
int; of Uobnnn Town. Tbf eumjuin)- rt— 
wurli-d liis o^certion!' b^rapjiointin;; him th<-ir 
comm«rriiit apmt at Sifrni Ij?on»-, with, lis 
h(t £upjKii^-d, th*' chief direction of atTairx 



orn^i 



Erunliiig llw »ca. «ix miles above Ca|»! Siem* , 
Lnoiie, and eif(hl*.-en miU-« From Baow lalftniL^H 
and name<l it Fniluwu. Before loo^ ^^^| 
foumllo bin mortiticalion that bo was supei^^il 
Beded in the preaidt-ncy of tlio council by 
IJen tenant Jolin ClnrkBOn.. It.N., a brother oS^ 
Ttu>nia« ClarkftOD, who waa brinfrinj? with I In 
Hanctinn of government soverol buudrtKl fre< 
blacks from ?<ova Scotia to puoule the infant] 
colony. Di.twttnsioiiH amooj; iJie e-tec-utivc 
prevented Falconbridjrr from givitij; rtfftxi 
to his Bchtftn'.-ft for fxti'iKltiif the compuny'i 
Coaiinvrci*. In t^ptembt^r 1 1 i}'2 th«» dir>vtoi< 
tbooftht proper to nnnul hif ftp|tointmem, nn^ 
sent out a Mr. Waltic in hib place. Mis dt^ 
iniseiiori came jnat as he was prcjwring forn^ 
trading voyajji' to lh« (ti>M Coaiit. By wa] ' 
of finding wlinf in his niisforIU04» he kc_ 
himwlf eonstuntly into.\iualBd, und died on 
19 P«. Irft-J. , 

Ank\ Marii FAU'OKaniDas, hia widow^H 
who had afraiu accompanied him, nlayi^ *'^H 
the colony, and a month lati^r found a aeond^^ 
liuaband. Aft«r quilling .\fri(-a in.Iun« 17^ 
for a vovafle to the Wo*& Indir-'t in a iiUTin 
ahe rucnea Eii(,'laiid in October. If her statu 
ment can h» believed, she lo^-t with ihablf^ 
ireatmoni fnim the dinvlors, who refuH^rd W 
ttcknowh^lgf Kalombridip? 'a claims, or mail 
her any rompen.«ation. IShe tvmiilaini.sl tl 
her late husband bad b>-*:n iiii|K>tntt'd ton pc 
for wbifh hf> was not in tlie least litu>a 
order to secure a surv footiog^ for iht^ nni 
ffronts expecttsl from America, and havin^f 
done the rti|uiri.-d service was forthwith di»- 
miRoedonlbe jtrouiidof wnminecommorri-*' 
experience. Tlii^ Udy obinined smme no 
ricty by publi»hiiig a 'Narrative of Two Vo 
nfn^ t.o the Itiver Sierra Lcona during tti 
vears 1701-12-3, porfonned bj- Anna Man 
Vnlconbridt-e, In a senea of Letters. ~" 
which in added, a Loltur (o Iliuiry Tbomtoi 
P^.. M.r., Cliairman of the C^oiiM of l>i 
nwiors of the Sierra I.,vuu4 Corupany,' I2mi 
London, I7VW, in which «bir di-lVmU thH sla 
trade, and tn'atn the memory of her d» 
buabuHl with contempt. OtbtrrMlitions ap- 
peered in 1795 and in IiW2. 

[Un. Fali-TobridirB'" Two VoyMw, paiMlnt 
Oforf^n Kra. iii. t«ll ; Watt's Bibl. KriL i. Mi 
S6i i: Hiog. Diet, of living Authors (ISK 
p. 112.] O. O. 



ip- 

I 



FALCONER, ALESANBEB, LoM 

FAUtiNUli OF lULKi:inx)rs('?. I't7l),iud; 
waf til" eldi-Kt son of Sir Alexander Falcoi 
of Halkr^rtoun, by hi* wif" Atrucf, cld< 



Ltwviti^FaImoulhoul9Xlec.l7'JI,lujmuhed dau^htvr of Sir David Carue^^ie iif CoUui 



Falconer 



»57 



Falconer 



UfciH Jul* llia9 lie siR'teeil.;<l Ixtfd Woo«Ui»U 
on]inarv Ion! of »e«sioD, aad ■□ Ho- 
ItMl waa appointed anew by king 
i^rliamonl to bu judsn 'atl viUkin nut 
Cu1|MUii.' H« n-pn-Aenlt^ Kiucardineshtra m 
oonrention 1643-1. and in cbu parlia- 
11^^1044—% l4Mr>'f. (l4< wiui a com- 

ifor the Inan and tait in 164.% and 

a DKmber of tli*.- roniinillw "f wnr for Kin- 
nrdiiM«liir«< in \'M^. Itl44, a»<l l(UG. and 
hr F<irfBn1iin> in 1)1-18. He van a commis- 
■iODE-r for ilip {ilnniiiiion of kirks in ]644, a 
oaannifiMdurr of ilic i^fltMuer tn 1<UA. a 
BVinlMr of tliv i*oini[it1l(>e of estate.i in 1045 
ind 1017, and a colont^l for Abi'nle«nBlure 
Itiii*. Ou -M IltfC. 1W7 be wa» created 
i\ Kik I confer of Hiilkntoun, but on 16 Feb. 
ifIi(>wiifrdL-t>riv(.>dofiiisiiL'at intbt-Coll«.*^e 
■Jmtiiv, und'nrdaiiiitl lo Until iiionev for 
Ihp public \ue,' on account of liis acciwfiiun 
I lUv VncacMtnent.' Ili-n(i]H'nn", liowttn-r, 
Baron Falconer in tli<> liitt of Scots no- 
bility in U^'iy, and vrag a coinmiMionpr of 
lupply for KinrnrHin'>s1iiri^ in 1 fi-'d) (ind ItViO. 
Ilf was reappointed to tuiiuiat in tbe CoUe^ 
' Jiifti ic>- at tbc ICfst oration, and retained it 
Iu» (k-aib. In lOU he waa a cuminis- 
' of excise, and a uiembt>r of the com- 
9n for Tiflling tbo university of Abvr- 
l[i^ a|>|>r-an> an itithuir m [mrliiimKnt 
ilionl llalkertoun till ltl6i),«n<! died 1 (»cl 
1A7I. Itn marrii^l Anne, orily dnii^bliir ol 
John, ninth lord Lindsay of Ityr^ii, by 
rbotn h« had one eod and one daugbter. 

lArl*Sn)(aI'.tr1.: Uook* of Stdi^runt ; llnin- 
n> and Rtuc;'« StmiUor* of Coll. nf Ju*tie«; 
' Doa^iaa'* Tvtnsp, ii. M.] J. A. H. 

FALCONER, .Sir DAVID, of Newton 

(itt4l)-U'.8i;t. lortl pre*ideiit of llii! court of 

ion. »cvHiud eun of Sir Darid Falconer 

nUnfanjittuir, ■>«<■ of (lie oomroimarii.x of 

'^(linbureb. wna bom in Ui-10. He fliudied 

w ' iiniliT ih)' vyv of bis father,' was ad- 

itti>*l adviwari' .S July UWl. wan oppointf^d 

If of III" i-'inini -*ini-9 of l^iubiir|{b, and 

llfll■^w^l^!•> kiii„'ti['-d. Ho waa nominated 

iMfiLifMi^iiiii :;i May U^t}, lordof jiu'.iciary 

" .March I'ir.", anct president of the court of 

ion IttH:^. ' Hv Inlruduccd n-^ulalion* 

to cnlarite tbe attendance of the 

which do nut. how«T«r, Beem lo bare 

' " : '■■lion of iheir loril«bip»,' 

nry of Forfar in the par- 

ItuM- 1.. L .1-1. ...4i< ohoBtiu a lord of the 

|anicl>'', anil wna a mvRibor of varioua par- 

t ,,riM.r,r,.-v- rv,r.,i,u.L:,,iii;. FalcDoeT di«u at 

I rter a four days' ill- 

!■- cfaurehyardof Old 

, wht-rt' 1 b«n> u a nionutneiit lo hi« 

lia was twice married, and bad a 



lar^r^ family. Uia third datishter, CatherinOf 
waa the mother of David Xlume. Falconer 
collected (be dccidiond of tlir court of acsaion 
( No\i>mber 1681 -Januar>- 1086>«p to tiw laiit 
dav beiat in court (Edinburgh, 1701). llw 
pu)>!i«lier of tlt» cullurtion di'Mribu:! hlin as 
'oHBof thf wiont puiiiful Iawy«ni in hi* tii»«,' 

Falconer'dname wasaopendedtna number 
of official and loyal adar(>esu)! lo Charivs II 
and tbe Duke of York. Miwl of tlu-m are 
preaenred among the Lauderdale jinpers. 

[Fociet'B C'lUectaQCu Oeneaiogicn t Membors 
of I'ArtiameDi (Sc^ill&nd), p. 132; Itiiinton and 
IUtg'« .S<innl«n of thv Collogn of Juatico, 
p. til&, whvro tha date of death is pren a* 
lA iJco. 1685; Andorson's Sottixh Nation, ii. 
l»Si Aildit. MS.^. 2313S IT &. 743, ^3244 ff. 
33. 35. 3T. 30. 28«8 f. 34.] F. W-t. 

FAI/30NEB, KDMirND (1814-1679), 
nn nrrtor and draroatiHt whoi« real name waa 
FiiMi'XD iVItontiti':, wna born in Dublin in 
ISU, and entered tbe ihr-nlri(»lprof(*sion at 
u very earlv ngv, pUyinff utility |inrt» for 
mnuy vcars in tbo country. In Ji'.'iO he un- 
d'-rioolt tlw Irtiding: bueimvj) in tin; Worcester 
circuit, and bin laat provincial enj^auement 
wna in lli» autumn ot 1854 at tliu Adelphi 
Tbimlm, Liverjinol, wh«re lie actrd Hamlet 
and Tbroe-finntred Jack on the same niirht. 
Hu wiw intriMlucwl to ibn L(>ndan public 00 
a wTite.r by his drama called ' The V.huot, or 
Heart for U-'arl.' broujffbt out at tbe Lycoum 
Tb.-iitr.* undi-rChnrlc'* Dillon'* manocn'Rieni, 
C Dec. l^'k), wiib much succeed. Ilia next- 
piecnwas' A [lunbandfiiran Hour,' produced 
at the Haymarkn I Juno 1^7. On 2*1 Au^. 
1858, in conjunction with Mr, Webster, he 
apL'n»l the Lyctrura, and put on lh<t i>liu;e hia 
own come^ly, ' Kxtrvuie*. which he fullowud 
ui> with anoiht-r niece, ' Franceaca,' on 
3l March 1859. and in April ffuve up the 
ihifiatri-. For tlm Princi-^a'c Tlwnt re, Jjondon, 
ho wrote 'Tbe Ma^iler Passion.' llrat played 
on 2 Nov. I8.*i9, In RnuciL'siilt'sdrainH. 'I'hw 
Colleen Bawn,* produced at the A<lelnhi 
IH July IpMJO, Falconer undertook ihe clia- 
rnctcr of Danny Man, which he continued to 
jicrform throughout ih>; oriiciiml run of Itw 
piite, a period of t'iil nifrbts. In 1861 he 
Bgniii bccaitif mHiin)ci.'r of the Lyceum, onii 
Ijrnnght out on lit Auj;. bid roinedy, 'Woman, 
or Love a^nst the World.' His irreolevb 
hit wan. howi'vir, made by bU lri»b drama, 
• P.>ep o" Hay," first acted in IvOndon 9 Nnv. 
1801, which wnjoy*>d uu uninlemipled career 
untd Dc4^-mbcr IftBlJ. This nif^», founded 
ou Banim's novels, ' John Doe and * llie No- 
lana,' wa^ on^nally pluyed at the Adelphi, 
Ltvernool, umb-r tbe title of 'Thit Otvcn 
Iltlla. To the Ilayniarlti't he comribuUHl 
two comcdiefi, * Family Willa' and 'Docs he 



Falconer 



TS« 



Falconer 



Iov« me P ' m both of whidi Mum Amy Sedg- 
wick played thw hvruinex. At tJte Vriact^* 
liAsoppIii^ Ch&rlra A. FMhterwitb the Eng- 
Mab version of ' }i»y BIm ; ' ind t>iv »ung« of 
Balfe's opcrM, ' 'Hu! ICmie nf Oostiln ' and 

* IsatnuclU,' uul lh« entire librottu of .VJfred 
MhUod'h open, * VictoriiM-.' w>:ni fniin liUppn. 
Hd mudc 13,000^ Kt ilit* Lvctiuin.iLnd in ItUiJ. 
with Kiwderick U«lair Chnttcrton. becamu 
joint leuee of Dniry ]jan« ThcAtre, for which 
lie wFOt« and ppoductd' Itoniii« Dundee,' 
iiSKwb. 1863; 'Nature's abovp An." lySept.: 
' Nicbt and M'jmitig,'9 Jan. latyi; und' Love's 
tirdecil, rir ihn ulJ and New Rigime.'a May 
1886. In addition he wrote 'ThoU'KlulieilyiJ' 
Wldi 'Qalway-fpvbnuiU,' a dnitnalijtnti'in of 
Lpv«'» 'CharleaO'Sialler,' in which he him- 
ai-lf ncl>^ MicWj Free, lie atteoiptwl to 
popularise the national drama br the pro- 
duction of 'Macbeth,' 'Cyinbelini,' 'Roine^ 
and .fuUel,' ' Aa you liko it,' 'King Joiin,* 

• Uenrv thu Fourth,' 'Couma,' nnd ' Manfrvd ; ' 
hutalthiiuch be emplov»d all the biMtt talrnt 
of thedav the public did nut Nuflicionlly pa- 
trouise till.' bouxc, ami in 1801]. imritifr liMt 
all Iii4 money, hs natin>d nn 2U.St'pt.,lf'aviii(f 
CUattciton eole lessee of ]>niry Liuu-. Dii 
19 Nov. 1866 h*. however, opened Her Ma- 

jealv'ft Thimtrt with his own five-iitl dniina, 
' Onauh, or the Lovtr* of LtHnamona,' hut 
tUs pteot! was a comptetu failure, ajid Ih? 
•easoo auddanlv lermiaated on ItO Nov. Ho 
then went to Anirrira. and mad<- hiHuppettr< 
aow at th" Olympic TLealrv, New Vorit, on 
ill April ISS", in his own drama of* Ni^ht 
nnd Moniinjf.' Hv rvmnined in America 
about thrfef earn, where he prodtievd thrrm 
n«w dramas and an adaptation of oif of 
<»ui<ta'» iM)v.?li, whieh Iw called 'Firefly.' 
During hi« alwenn* hia piece. ' A Wifo wl'U 
wou.' wna brought out at thv lliiymiirhft 
Theatre, London. Aft*r his return he mic- 
oes'ifuUy inlroduowl nt the I'rincessV ' Eilf«n 
()ge,' an nltemtion of his drama ' [nni-<falli>n,' 
raorepopularlycttllfd'Killurney.'aniianothcr 
draniit inib"! ' Ora-ma-chree.' He died at hia 
rwidence. 'J^ Kfp|n!l Slprot, ituuvU y<juar«, 
Loudon, on i!9 St-pt. 1 879, and wsa buned in 
Kon«al Cirffa cemelflrv. As a d«Iinvutor of 
lri*!i chararter Iif will be long rvmeiulifrM. 
and aome of hi-i dmnios will continue !•■ )>«! 
acted wbik- the seutimental view uf tlir TrUIi 
p«a«ant rcmairui a chtriAhcd idea witli ao 
manypAmona. His tirst murriBce ws> dis- 
aolvod; he married Mcondly a timijchter of 
John Neville, the widow of Mr. Wftst^m, the 
actor. She di"! 3 Jnnt* iy«4. He morried, 
lhirdly,an AmericAnUdy.whoHUrvivetl biui. 
Many of Falcoucr'sdrauiui and librett'W hare ' 
been printfd, and lii^ wan also ilit- mitbor cf 
'Murmuriags in the May and Sunuuiur of, 



Manhood,* 'O'lluarh's Bride," and ■ Man"» 
Miaaiou,' ponms, 16(l-'>,and of aiiotli^r voluiBO 
of poenia entitlt-d ' Miiidn^' 

[lUanmtcd Spaniajt and [>nn>ati« Neva, 
4 Uw. 1873. W- 2*3-*; Pa*^'» I>n««»al«aJ 
Li«t. tAT9. [>p- na-30; SurllnR'e Old I'ruirl 
Iabo, 1881, 1. 27^^; Era Alaanaok. 1R68. p.^ 
21 ; Era. fi Oct. I87l>, p. S.] tl. C. B. 

FALCONER, FORBE?! (lHi»-l^.i3), 
Persian ncholar, liorn at Alwrdeen, 10 Ht^t, 
IS05, was thfi Hecond aad only sur^-ivinf,' Mn 
orOilbi>rt FalconerofBraetude.Fifeeliirv. II4 
wail HlucaHwl at the gnunmar *ohool and at 
Mari what Colief(e, where he obiaitiod |irixest)i 
claMical studies, niafirntpublicationa, which 
appean^ anonymously in loeul joomalB, wirrt 
also cloasical, coiuislini; nf metrical transla- 
tjoos from tlio Greek anlhuloiry. Ue ayto- 
menoed hia oriental t<tii<lifj> Vtin- th« ap« of 
twenty, by atK-'nilin^; the Il'ilirew cbtM^ of 
ProfiWKor Ilcntli'v in AVnlwn, and liliewisH 
)R>^nthf nrivatii study of Arabic nnd Pi'nian. 
Alterward* proceeding to I'aris Le atteiidt^l, 
dnring nfArly fire yoan, tht- cour^M of Du 
Sacy,l)eCb&iy,aDd,lbrUindmtaDi,ofrTHma 
d« TaMv. Alter short viHts to Mtveral t.t»r- 
man luurerutiex, Falcoaer ruturnivl to this 
country, nnd settled in London an n Li>aclutr 
of oriirnta] latiguacrfl, and oociipiwl for a 
short tinw tlin pnjlBKionhip of oricnlal Un- 
cages in Univenuty Colle^, Ii^mdon, Hh 
i« p^rbiips b<-"«t hnown in lite pwwitt day for 
hisworkson thi^' HusiAn,' from which h/^ptih* 
lislivd in ISSfl a volume of seleelions, vory 
neatly lit hours phcd from htsowntruiLM-ri|it. 
In the ' Asiatic Journal,' a um-ful iw-riiviital 
now defunct, hu published a trambiluin of 
part of tbc eaniv ywvta, ra well im sclL-cliunn 
from wvi'ral of the Siiti po>;t9, and a critical 
Mndyof the'.Sindibad Nauiah.' For the So- 
ciety for i\w Publication of Orieutal Tctts 
Falconer edited two important iMfm* of 
Jimi, the 'Tuh&t-ul-Ahrnr' and 'HaUunaa 
u AbMl.' Th« critk-al ability of tbeso r<-x1« 
is attested bv FrancU JohiLwin in tlu- pn- 
fMW to bis pJilioQ iif Dirbnrd^nn'* ' Persian 
Dictionnry.' Falconet* ' Ptiri*iaii Grammar,' 
wliicb reached a second edition in IH4J*, is 
now a ramcwhat rare book. 

l''nlc< >n>T was a membvr of t he Asiatic So- 
cieties of London and iV^i^ and an houoraiy 
member of tlia Amprk'an Oriental 8ociaty. 
He died in l^ndon, 7 Nor. tS51t. 

[Annual Report of the Royal Aaiatle Society 
for I8&3.4, J'MiritAl. vol, xr.\ J.Th. Zrakn^j 
BiMiotheca Orieatalls.] C. £. 

FALCONER, IlfaH ( IMJK^li^BSt. pa-i 

In-oiiloldj^ii'l mill biitiiDist, younpi«> smi of 
Diivid Ftthtini^r, was bom nl Forres, ]'ll|rit».{ 
shire, on 2i> Fvb. IHW. Uv wua u^ui^tud 



I 



•alconer 



*S9 



•alcoTier 



» 



I 



»t iJie ForrcM i^nuninar ■cliool and at tbc 
uiiivf>niirT of Ahnrdeen, trh«re h« gradnued 
\i-A. in \&i(i. He alwwed gtv%i powere of 
nit>iii^rT fnr loufpugeft, as trell m b marked 
iJicto fgr botaOT aiid zoologv, witb a JWDC- 
tmttng tntollcct. ^i-nial hiimour,ftn(l a mioh, 
viotiiitg (lupociUon. iu iJ^ liu iMiu-ri-d ns 
*«tu(Ieut otiDwliciiw ut KJtiiltur){b I'uivar- 
■il;, vboru )w gndaaU-d M.D. in 1^29, nnd 
'WMtl ODOe iUHairiBl«duustiuitaiiL-surgi.-<iu uu 
the Bengal MUbUsbntent of the Kott India 
Coaipaiiy. Baag tuukr tlio required s^ of 
twenlj-tn-o, fan «ptvt tht- intwn-al in London, 
UButing Dr. N'uthunit^l Wallich iu the <U»- 
tribatioa uf hia grnnl Indian Ii(rrfa>iHtiai, and 
atBdyuwgeolagjri&ndespwiullv Itidi«nfnft»il8, 
cad*f Sb. LoiMdale al the tifwloKicsl So- 
eit'tjr'A MoMUDi. Arriving at Calcutta in 
Svptembet ItSHi, Falconur ai oncw tdiowod his 
but br f^vnitf^ an account of Eomo fo&til bonea 
{naa Ara, in tbv ]i«««i'iwion uf llio Asiatic 
Sociel^ of Bengal, vrbidi via* putilisluid in 
(hi: UunI Toluinv uf ' OlMuiu^ in ScifUiee,' an 
Radian jour ual cdilnl li^ Mr. JntDM PriDwp. 
Eirl^io 1>(31FaIn)ner was ordered loMeerut, 
and in pursiiancv of aonw couacquent duty 
happencd to jioiw thro»|^h Sntunnpitr, wIk-k 
bp met Dr. HdtIp, superintendent of the bo* 
tanic gnrd<-n. Congenial tHxtti k-d to Itovle 
aeeuriiijf^ Falcgnut uh liiit deputy duriug lunv« 
«f abMOOe, and in \>^1> thu Uit«r auccwded 
bis ftwnd in diaiyu of th« botanic garden. 
Til' locality waa most favourable for oil kiniU 
of natural nii>1on'pur8uil», andlJienrosimity 
of lilt Si^-jiltk liilln, IU yi't lilllpi'Kjikifvd, not 
omlj led Falconer to the drterminntion of 
tlwiT tvrtiaiy aeii, but also to liis diecoveiy of 
a vtgt aeries or remarkablo fofwi) mamniaU 
and n>p1Jle6. Tbiis disroverv waf» a notable 
malt ofi>civi]lific]n«r)8ton, torin 1801, when 
he AftvnainiHi the tige of ihcsD hilK Fidconer 
had been ted to the conrluiion ' that the re- 
naiiM of maAtodou and other large extinct 
mammalia would Ijc found viihorin tbvgrarvl 
or in other deposita nccupying tht! same mui- 
lioB in aotuv part of the mngu.' Ilia friend, 
CaplAilHart'-rwanls^irl'mhy ir.nuth?3-[(|.v.], 
joined liiin in mailing i>\lende<l tvwiaTThaA, 
'i3 iinvrnrtU Ihf ' Journal of the 
y of Ili^n^'nl' and 'Astatic Kt.*- 
-ainivl numeroiM uittnioim on 
rie*. Bt the labour* of Fal- 
-■■■1 CieuU. Sir W. K. Bnkt-r 
1 lij. v.], a ^-ertebmle fos»il 
t.i Kifli'_ iinoxuDultid fur 
'■otbea Vnown. 
■ fe^ foasil qiut- 
ri und if\9- 
■^r I III. '.-, new wilv- 

: iKjpuLuiiiiik, iliu i-itlouuil rumi- 
imfipccieaoftMiricb.crocodUea, 




tb« enurmooa tortoise colosaooticlys, and nu- 
m«roiL<t Ashia. Tht task of preserving and 
determining tliesa fomUit, far from mmwums 
and bnokit,«as mo«t diflicull.andiuonlnr lo 
obtain material furcuramrii^on Fulconcr.willi 
rar« t-nt-rgj", prepared iikvleTiiiiK of tho living 
animaia iiruund him. Saeh wnrlt was not 
long ill ohtninuigrttTiignition in England, and 
in II-37 the Oeolngical Sociotv of Ixindon 
uw»rd<.>d ihL' WoUaston medal, m duplicate, 
tA Falcontir unci rniitlcy. 

In 183^1 a oommiaslnu was ftpj>oint4\l hy 
the Eli>ngiil tfowmnient to report on the fit- 
ness of India for the growth of ten, and by 
Falconer's advice experiinvnia were orderfUt 
and wiTi- conducted under hts auptmnt«nd- 
ence in Biceo JM^lucti^-d by him. The first tea 
■n-u* manufactured under him, and Lhn pn>- 
iiuci> dvclitred cquul Iu the beat China tea. 
He also made larg'' adilitinnji Lu Indian ixjt anr, 
which ware acknowledged by I>r. Knyle (//- 
tuatratiutu of tJis Botany of f/tf llimalntfan, 
1830) in naming a new g«iit» Fntnurria 
after his friend. To gain aew Specimen.'^ ho 
travelled miirh in thp miny season at great 
risk to liiii life. Li I8:J7-8 he viaiuil CoAb- 
mercon the occasion of Bumes'a second mi»- 
fiion to Cabul. In 183^ he crussi-d the moun- 
tains to Iskardob in Italkihtan, and Im-ml the 
Sliiggur bnmch of the Indus lo its aouroe, 
examining th« grrnt gliicittt)i of Arindoh and 
of the Bralduh viJIey, and TBiuming to Ca»h- 
uiftTw by the vnlL-y of .\storB. In the latter 
he diaroran.>d the aAddf<£tiila plant of Mm- 
merce, which be was the flrat to describe. 
During hi^ atay in Ooahmcre, although inter* 
rupted by prolooged iUnew, Falconur aoni to 
the Soharanpur gardena 650 grafted plauta, 
including all the moitt vnlnnbli? Frnit trees. In 
I&40biBae«lthgavewayufierfrLt|uviitiH:vvn) 
flEtoclts consequent on inceaaan t expoaure, and 
in ltM:!heretunu:!dtoKngland uu aiclt leave, 
bringing with him seventy large cLeata of 
dricl pliiute and Gvo tuna of fosail bnae;!. 

From itUH to 1847 Falconer rrroained in 
England, publinbing numeroiLi momuin: on 
thn giiilogy and fuasila of the SiTalik hills, 
wbieh bare been leprwluccd in tii« roIlMtcd 
works, and also contributing several impor- 
tant botanical papers lo the Linnean Society. 
His botanical collectioHi having partially »v^- 
fered from damp on the voyage to England. 
were dtrpoiitedai tt»e East India IIouio during 
Falconer'a second abannce iu India, and Riif- 
fered gmallv from neglect. In pn<naritig the 
'Fh.ni IndiVa' (lAVi), Dr. (now Sir i.Xi.) 
Hooker and Dr. Tlinmson recorded that it 
was the onlv herbarium of importance lo 
which they fallal to procure acec«a, and (liey 
were tlius unable to do Falcouer full juMice 
us the diacoTem of many of the plant* they 



Falconer 



160 



■aiconer 



bwl deiicrib«). In \?A7 the planlewhkli aiir- 
Tived this neelect were (lefujnilMl «l Kcw, 
Rnl eino! Fftfconfrr's di«lh liii< rnlutninoiis 
botoniral ooim, with 450 coluun<<l OrnwiituA 
of Indinn |>liuit», hftva been pUtrnt in the 
Kr-w libnuT. Beeidvs worlcin j out his twn 
coneciioii«,'F«li-on«r fr*Ti- much timf 10 ilt*- 
tcrniininj^ tht> Inilliiu fcMtilit in ihu Dritish 
MoBSum Bod thv Kitxt ladia lii>ii«e,cHpc«>uilly 
tbfl Ui^ge oolWliou* sent homt- by Cwiilley. 
In rwponne to memurialK from the ureei'lentA 
of the chief M«iniJfic mx-iplu-a ftnJ from thr 
British AraociKtion, a gavi>mmt.-iit (;">"'. ''^ 
IfiOOi. was madv for prrmriii^ fur i-ihibition 
the Indian fossi1« in ton Ithtiiili Mun-uui, 
which am »till unarranged and embeddied in 
rork. and Falconer WM appointed to 8U|)erixi- 
tpiid the wwrk in Ucwinb^r ll<44. The Ea»t 
India Comiiony gave him riDploymflot and 
pay as if bu wrv etil) io India, and at hi* 
loetance a m-jm-" of iMioiirwi casts of the tn(»t 
Tpmarkablp Sivalik fuwiU wue prt-piirwl, and 
tela were preHontiil to the prinnpal European 
museums. Tlif^ puhliratioQ of a. ^ri«l lolio 
i)]u»1rat«l work, the 'Fonna Anti(|uiL Siva- 
Ivnai-,' Milled by Falconf4-, was oommcnced in 
1 Wfl, the phwes beina drawn ly O. H. Ford. 
AVitliiii three yean luero appeared nine parta 
of the ■work, iMeh coutaimnK twelve plate* 
of prest nrli'iltc exwllcocK, l,^-^ Siwciincnil 
biMUft fipiTtt) in iboni. Bi.«idos ihe 8ivalik 
foa»ile the work tUmtrates mammalian ta- 
maina from the Xt-rbuddu mlh-y, th« Irra- 
wnddy, and rerim Ulaii'l. Uf the letterpre** 
iinfortuiiatrly only on.? nart wiia compli^ted. 
Ilia work in'lhslirilish >lii«tuin was urgent, 
am! the timf remaining did not «tiahh; Fal- 
coner tooo in pletel he iinmen^vw-rkcifmuking 
reft^rencw in his full and conwirntiotis style. 
He WW compelled to ivtura to India in li^47, 
in order to avoid loeins hie comnil«iini and 
iii« riglit to a pension, narin^ been ajvpoiniefl 
•UOceesor to Ur. Wallich as HiiperinteTident of 
the Calcutta (Inlanic Gardrvn and profe-tsor 
at biitanv in the Caloutui Medical CoUeg^e. 
To compleli' hi'n- the account of the ' Fiinnn 
Antiiiua Sivalenae' Falconer found himm-lf 
unabu! to eontinu* hi* part of the work in 
India, and on htii return to EnKhmd in Icf-jfi 
he fuiiud that many of tint unpiibltKhttl iilalt-ii 
liad been erwd from tlto aton'v nn ivbiui they 
had been drawn. Ho »! tmnw'lf to com- 
plete the work. Bad hvallh am) the ex- 
tended nodies FMiiirod combined to poet pone 
it till too lati'. Proof coiiiea of «i.wenliV.-n of 
lie unpiihlisliMlplBti'SfWilh outline tracing^i 
forlhe reraaininpiilalw, liave t«>en depo:*itcd 
in ihclilirarvof thd (fi-ohniical d^TparimeuIof 
lhiillriti^hMu%*>iini(NHluriimi»U)ry). South 
IvL-ri-iii«tiiii. A il<--f ript3onoflhoplait'ft,bolb 
publithtidoadunpubltshed, WW compiled after 



F'ak'onur's di;ath frotn hit notci and memo> 
raiiJa bv I>r. >IurrhiHon,and in««ri"f<l in Fa 
eonor'a • Pala^ontoJo^cal Memnira,' vol. L, 1 
alao piiblifthnl MftpanttHlv tn 1)^)8. 

In February lft4rt Fnloonw i'ni*-r»'il ny 
hia new duties bI Calcutta. An imp->rtn 
pan of his wnrk consittci) in ., 
government of India on all luiitt . 
to Ihe Ti^Rctahle prodiicta of Indui, Ui it 
bis Tatnoble roport. on the t<.-ak forMt* 
'I'enaueriiu waa publifheal in th- 
from rb« Itccords of the Ffatu^l 1 t 
In Id^i'J hv pitblisbiNl in thu ' Jounim •>; i| _ 
Affriciiltural and Horticultural Sn-irty of 
India' n paper 'on the quininp-yii->ldin|^ 41n- 
cliiituiv and thnlr tnl.nKliiolinn into India,' tv- 
commonding tlit^ir trial in H^nj^nl aii'1 ''f 
Neilghirio. NumeroiuolJierbotsnical {< , 
wei*" cnntrihutwl by him In tin* """i^ 
He selected and arran^d tlii> l<i : 
hibit^ of Renj^l for tho Lomloti . n 

of 1851 . In Ift&l he mad« a cntaloi,'ue of thu 
fMsiUin the muMum of the .\iiaiic Six-;, tv 
of Iten^l, which wa» published ir. 
Mi^aiiwlulfl he vta* verv murvmfiil as a : ' 
of botany in the medical collepe, 

Fftl toiler ™tii»d from the Indian aervieeln 
the spnng of 18ft&, and on arririnc- in Kni;- 
land at one* resumed liU palieonlokigical r<> 
Mnifht'9, vtAiting almut cv.'n,' muscutn in 
Western Europe, and everywhi-n.' makini; 
nulea on momoialian specimens, principnilv 
theprobowtdeaaadrhinucurostni. id^uliUEefl 
hia enforced residences in Amth Ku^r - 
the winters of 1S58-61 through ill-h' 
the furtbvnuuN- of hix tttiidiirn, and m . ■■•.'. 
he communicated to the British Asfl.-viAii(.u 
■I faiiibridiio an account of the newly dis- 
corcivd jiigmyfiMuil vU-phant of Malta. Ite- 
6eari:lii*a on the fauna ol tlif o«ufemus rnvf* 
of (iowi-rled him in IhtfO to pro»e tl' 
phna nntiqiius and rhinoci^ntf beniiin j 
were members of the cave fauna of l''ii)j;laia 
In the »me year be determined that tl 
l)ov«y Tracey liffnile dcpoMt v/itt ufmiucc 
age. In IWJI he ga\-e important cvidet 
befofi:* a roval loiumission on iIiq sanjti 
condition of India, in which hi'dixtinguip 
L-an<fuIly but ween the removable and ir 
ntovahlK citUKrrN of diiieOM-. In litxlnlt^^r y*-j 
he spent much time in examining' the i>j 
deno.'Jt DK tn thr antiiiuily of man, which f 
had boen Ifd In snticTpatV' in India in IH' 
Ilis examination in IH^ of ihi* Hint imi 
nn-ntsdioeovercd iu the vail— ■'".i 
caused him to urg^- Mr, I'r 
ti)(ate the subject, whirl ' 
hm'c4 up with ino«t ii. 
fact, every current ijU'- 1! i 

muiia iinu prehixt'iHc man wn.') invi'.^tij 
aud (,-ommvntnl upon by Falconer in a 1 



Falconer 



i6i 



Falconer 






partjal, aiid candid spirit, and his v:ojk 
Ilk niucli luoro vxlvnuivv (ban pren his pul^ 

iltitig freeh evidence And developing bis 
ens. many of whioli V never oomnuttcd 
wriliDg.owiiigtotLeereat KienuveueMof 
hia nKTinory. Iiaviiii,' rt-iunicd haalilv from 
GibnJur lo ttuppart liiv^ I'luium of Cbarlus 
win U) the lopley medal of Uie Royal 
it-ty, be ttiffervl miich fVom exposuro ajid 
ilituo,un<I ill Jaiiuary l'^(66be wossttaclivd 
ncutorLtumatiani, wiihdiatioae of the henrt 
il Uinfpf, of which hu di(?d in I^nduD on 
July iHtUi. Uk was l>iiri<Kl «t K'liiwl 
rpeii on 4 Feb. following. At ihe liine of; 
d'-ulli h«; wbji n vicp-pn?si(Ient of the Roya] 1 
>iy ^having Ixvn plwted r.R.S.in ISl.l), 
forpiifn secrolary of tlio tSpolo^ical So- 
_•. A Kalrtini-r mcmfirial fund aiuount- 
1(1 nearly -JJiiWt. wa« colIfClod, purt of 
irh p^>Ti<)•■d n marble bu«t a( him by 
'. IloiU-r f'T ihf Ijoyal yocioty's rrxim>-, an- 
her bnsr being platted, by a Mpamtt- nuh- 
rintion.iur hi' tuu&i<tim of the Asiatic SorjetT 
I, ('ulriittn. A FniciHi'T iiipmorial 
ip for medical nrn8tiir,ii*ri*iiri' cra- 
'uot mifrdlban ihree years' it (audi ng 
alx't founded in (he iiniventity of I'Min- 
:li for tW eacouru cement of tu« study of 
' y and eooff^-. 

i«t« fnend, lir. Ch«rle8 Murchi- 
^ arranged his noleaand republished 
nlolomial mcuoira in twovoliinit'A, 
under Ine title • raI)K>iiUiti<i['ind Me- 
■ir* and Notet! of ihu late Tlugb l-'ulconer.* 
luniea are uuw amouK the vlnseico of 
iiogj. A portrait ia prefixed. "Dr. 
iaon. in aumraing up nis character, 
of * nis peootral iiig and dirtoriminat iiig 
nt, liiw nri)tinality of obaer\~alioD ana 
pth iif thought, hii> cxtratirilinRrv memory, 
H ff!nrle».><neiu of oppiwltion when truth was 
bv orolvei), the scrupuloiuearc willi which 
awarded to l^v«^y man hia duo, and his 
Mt and pgwi^rful adNL>cttcy of that cuuac 
ch hia Mfong intellect l«i hiro to adopt.' 
wa« ' a ataid odviFtir, a gt-oial conpHoion, 
ft liearty frirnd.' A lUt of hia Mptm is 
■u in the ' Ijoyol Societv*b Catologafl of 
liimtific I'api-ra,' vol. ii. ISftt*. 

I'a Diog. ^krtdi. praflxrd to l-'iil- 
ilolof^i-nl Mcrooira.] I>. T, It. 

FALCONER, JOH.\(/.ir,47>,nitrchiint, 

Ki hnvv lK-«ti the (ir«t Englishman 

M-itM'd a »erii^ <jf dried plants, a 

atudr tiret nrarrihi^d uy I.uca 

logna. who aUo won the earlie«G 

her of botany in I'Iuro|io, and iba 

of bulanlcal gnrdi-n*. From th« 

1 Tooorda pfrwntNl wu le&ni thai 

TOL. XTtU. 





he travi^Udd An the continent, and from I&40 
or 1&4L to 1547 he was living at tV*rmm, 
which h« l«ft ill r)M' lusl>named year. Hd 
was a fellow-pupil of Wijllum luniur, the 
father of Kuglish botauvr at Bologna, and U 
miiitioDiid in TumiT's' Herbal ' several timBS 
with great reapvct on account of hin atlain- 
mi'nta. ' Maiatur Fnlboniier'ii Boke ' in the 
Mirlirwi iiiHittimi wo haiif of atk h?rburiiini, 
the imlispeiLiahle adjunct of the ticientilic 
and accurate knowleagu of plnnta. 

[Amstii* Liiaitnnni*, Kntin-. in Koa.. Stnw»> 
burg. 14-51 ; W. Turiior's 1KtI»1. Sad ed. fol. tl 
Trrw; It. I'uiUineysSkctchM. i. 71, 72 ; E.H.F. 
Mirror's Omcb.derBoUDik, iv. 240, 370-1. | 

B. D. J. 

FALCONER or FALKNER, JOHN 

(1577-1(^'»0), ji«uU,»iu of Henry Falconer 
by Mart hn Pike, his wifp.wasboniat I.yllon, 
rioreetAhire, on 2fi Marcli 1577. Hi» mother 
belonged to a respectable Cheshire family, 
And hia maternal unclit was Str Richard Mor^ 
ton. Hi* parents were catholic:*, and both 
die4 while he was an infant. He was brought 
up by hi» uncle, John Brook, a mLTchant, 
until he was t-1even years old, when lit- was 
sent to the gTammar school of Shirlwime, 
l(or«il jihin-, fur tivn vetm. Hix hnithrr iheu 
sent him to Oxford, where he etudif^] for 
nearly ■ \-ear tu Si. Miir)''s Hall, and for 
anolhr?r y.'ar in frlourealfr Hnll. Siibitr- 
tjiieatly he joined the expedition of thu Earl 
of Emci to 8pnin, and 'nftrr h^ing tossed 
about by many storms ' he returned to Lon- 
don, where he spent two years and a haJf in 
tliewcviceofLord Henry Wind^^ir. In 1609 
ha was reconciled to the catholic church. 
Going to Rome bo was admitted into the 
English Gilleiii:^ on 19 May 10()0, under the 
tiKHiinifd nameof PingUy. He wnionlained 
pne8ii 'JO Dec. 1603, enlerud the Society of 
Josus 18 Nov. IIMVI, nndthm* ynant later was 
iwnt upon the English misciion. Hia name 
occurs in a list of Iwelvo Jesuits banished 
in 1618 (DODD. Church m»t. ii. S93). He 
waa profeated of tlie four vows y-J July lOiy. 
In InSl h« hod rctiimi.<d from eicilo. and woa 
I'XercUing his epiritual fuueliotu in Loudon. 
ARer serving as n miaaioner in tbi> Oxford 
district, ho wu appointed socitu to tbttnaator 
of novicM at Watten in 10.13, and auba^ 
quenily confessor at Li&gn and Qbcnt. At 
one period bewitu peitiltntiarv at HI. IVIvr'n, 
llome. He. waacbaulainat Wardour Ca»tlt< 
during its siege by «r ICdward Hungerford 
in 1043, took ait actire pan in it« gallant 
defence by Lady Blanche Arundell [<[. v.j, 
and was employed in treating with the enemy 
for icrmK of uoaoumUe capitulation. He 
died on 7 July 166& 



mm 



Falconer 



Falconer 



UU works are: I. 'Tbu KL-futatioti of ihe 
Errors of John Thriitt; Si. <)m«r, 161B,4lo, 
undur thv inilULi B. 1). 2. 'Life of ttui 
fileiwed VirKiii Man-,' Sl-Omw. 1682, 12mo, 
also undL-r till! initiaia B. D. 8. 'Tlk» Looking^ 
gin»M of t'onsciiinc*,' St. Omer, I63i, latino, 
k trntuUtion under thi> initinU I. F. 4. An 
Kn^ult tTansUtion of ' KnfM:icuIuii Myrrlni! 
de Paasione Domini,' St. Omcr. ItiAi. under 
the iniliala I. F. T). ' llift mimirnblc Life of 
8l . Wt-opfride '(St. Omer), HWr,, 12mo, ir«ii»- 
latitl, under rhts itiitialu L F.. from the Latin 
of llobert, prior of Shrvwsburr', A n."prinl, 
for Uie Mm? of [lilf^uu to the hnly spring, 
•ppe&red in 171'J, l:^mo. n'lif iorv, under the 
title of 'The IJfe and Mimclt^x of St. W«n<-- 
fride, Viruiii, Martyr, and Abbeiu, Palronc-i.^ 
of Walai, II in Mtid in the pr«>fac^ to this 
edition that the translation was rvnllT madti 
by John Hooil, aliiu .Mford, aliim (irifllth 

^j Alfohu, Micii\ri.1 (cf. OLivnR, Je»uit 
irctiont, p. 43). (J.'Life of St.Catliariiw 
of Swed™,' St. OmM-, l«3r», 18too,b tranala- 
tion und«r the iiuUala I. F, 7. ' Life uf Su 
Anne,' manuwript. 

rSoathwell'ii lUltl. t^rriplumin SiH*. Jf^ii, p. 443 i 
PoWa R»«mU, iii. 422. ri. 215. \-ii. 212; Oli- 
Tor** Jtmdt CoUmIlOos, p. k8; Ohvor'* Cnfhnik 
Ilaligion inComwi»ll.[.. 2«i; Doad> t'hurrh Hi«L 
iii. IM; Da Bitcknr'ii Bihl. di-a Et^ritxios dc k 
C«inpatfiiied(iJ£diu(lB69),vol.i. 17X7: Oillow'a 
Bibh Diet. ii. 23, iii. 59. Oot of Priiitwl B«i>li« 
ill Bril. Mui,] T. C. 

FALCONER, HANnLI-; WILIIKA- 
HA.M (l8ltHRSl), medical wrin-r. fourth 
son of Thomas FnlconcT, M-I). (ITrL'-IK.*!!)) 
[q. v.],bom in Itil'l, was fur many years one 
or the Wding phvsimn* of Bath", n lipre hia 
grandfather, M iliiaui FiLk-onpr, ^I-D. ( 1744- 
1834) fq. V. ], had also urnct isi>d. lie Ix-^^an the 
atudr of mwiicinc at Edinburgh in IFwfi, nnd 
graduated there in IS39. At liral ht>B.>ttl«l 
«t Tenby, bnt in 1847 he inovpd to Bath, 
where he ooniinued to pructiBe till hid death. 
lie wns 0. man of rarii-fl knowledfje and ac^ 
oompliHhmi.>nt«. fond of archicolop- and bo- 
tany, anil ao much ■■•tvnmed by Ins fuUow- 
citiiena that tlit'V eincttid him mayor in 18.'»7. 
In ftddilion to inn Edinbiireli duet'.>r»te, be 
held the honorary title of doctor from the 
Quwn's ITnivierfliiy, Ireland, 18"9, and that 
of felhiw from tht> King and (JLKfu^C'olloce. 
Uuhliu, nnd wait u I'ljlluw of the Miwliai-Clii- 
pnrjricai Society of Luiui-in. In 18"t<, when 
the British Medioil Af^<M>ciation met at Bath. 
bo wna elected pn-jiiilMot. He died Ii Slav 
Id^l. Aa pliyaifian to t)i<> Jlath General u'r 
Mineral WnU-rHoitpital ho bctilowud mufh 
attention on the curative virtues gf the l»th», 
and hii work on ' The Baths and Mineral 
Watepa'reaobedafiflbeditioainiari. Oilier 



puhlicatioDK vren> thu foUnwin^: 'R-'pirtB nfl 
CtmnaLlhti Itnth Umieral Hwpical, l.-<(iO;' 
'The Bath Mineral Waters,' &<u, 1S31 ; and 
in the umu ve«r h« contributed cases to tbo 
* British Medical Joumal.' 

[Andrew itf the I'rMidcQt of Uia TttA^Mr. 
Soo. i ir«iii^l Directory.] J. Dl 

FALCONER, THOMAS (1738-1791*) 
cla4i*ical wliolar, son of Williuni i''iile>iiie 
recorder of Cbcfltcr, by l^licaboth, daught 
uf Kandlo Wilbrahum dv Towtutnd, rv»idi 
for sonM" time at Brastenoae College, Oxford 
where he mu:rtculttted 12 March 17''j4. hut 
b.'ft without tnkinf; a dejtnie, nnd tvhh rnll'il 
to the bar nl Lincoln's Inn on 20 Jiin<^ 17lW. 
Bein^ pwcluded by chronic ilMieidth frMtn 

Smclism^ at the bar, hr? livwl a Ufit of atu- 
ioii* retirement at Chester. He took much 
inter«at in antiqiiiticx, and in his way woa a 
pat run of lii<.T»tun'.»^)that lie waa colled (by 
Mi.sa St'ward ) tJie MiecenoA of Chester. It vnB 
to him that la 1771 Foote Uuwer addrcftf^l 
hiri l.'7ijflliv Inller i-nlilM ' X Skntch of the 
Mat.TinUfiiraN'ewHislnrvof i"^healuTr.' fie 
wa« a friend of John Itvinliold Forater, wlw 
df-difif^ to him hi.^ trannlatinn of Baron 
Riedesera 'Travels throueb Sicily, and that 

fart of Italy fbrmorlv calU-d .Miipia tinvria,' 
.otidon,1773.8vy. ile died ou 1 :i*ept. 1702. 
and was buried in St. Michael's Church, 
Chester. A muiiumunl with a laudaiory 
inscription in St. John's Church, Chwilw, 

Perpetuates his memory-. Henflri'rrmarripd. 
'ali»n»!r pnblishod ' Di-rotions fur the Sacra- 
ment of the Laird's Supper, by a Lavmnn,' 
London, UHQ; ifnd ed. l(98,«ro. if- rvad 
in I'iM before the S'^nety of Antinuorie^ it 
paper in vindicut ion of the accuracy of Pliny's 
3e*criptionofth.? temple of Din naftt.Fiih.-mi*, 
which was piihli;'bi.'«l in 1794 under imt rilla 
'(JbHeri'atiousoul'iiny'saccouiit of the Temple 
of Diana at F.phosu*,' in * ArcHirolcipin .' x'l, 
1 21. .\ wurli by himoniillwl'Cbrij'iii'l.-Kli'i " 
Tables, lieginnin^wilh tlie Hcifjn of Solumo 
and ending with the Dvath of AU'UindiT iIm 
nn-at,'«pi>rurril nlOifortl in 17'.W, 4lo. H 
alfio li'ft materiaU for an edition <i( •Sirn) 
which formed th» b*«is of llw wlit ion broujrb' 
out in 1^)071)7 hi^ nephew, the Rer. Thotnoi 
Falconer, M-D-Tiv. J Tie wnsnlwit hi' author 
of an ' Odo to Sleep, t^e date of pubUcntii 
of which is uncertain. 

[Thomax Fal«>n«r's{tililio;cr*pl>y of th« Wri 
in^of lh« Fnleoner l-'amily, with bio^phi 
outiwa; OrnMnal'ii Oh*«kire, i. 9}1 ; L^'l-tii 
AnnaSoward. iii. It;.] 3- M. R. 

PALOOKER, THOMAS, M.D. (1773^ 
183^), daiwioal schohir. eon of WiUimn Fal 
coner(q.T.], M,D..F.H,S,,orB(iih.hyHenH.; 
etto, daughtvr ol' Thuinaii iMimtuids of Wt 



I 



Falconer 



<63 



Falconer 



¥ 



bortngh TXail, Yorlmhire, wm born on 24 D«c. 
177^, and educnti.il «l thfl c«tb«drnl scJion!, 
(lii>tilf.r, iho frnuumnr school, Itarli. t1>p high 
BchogI, Manchester, tbt^kin^'a school, C'hesier, 
and Corpus t!Kri»t i Cnllcgor, Oxfonl. Hr wiw 
a prwDctoua hoj, and itomt; «r liif. Ttrsi-a wery 

fiiblifili(->i in 'Proluaiones i'oetiae,* t.'hcsl«r, 
7t^. TliL- mni' yt'ar ho wu» I'lt'Ctt-d lu a 
Acholar«hipalC(irpiu('hmti('»ll<%^, (Ixfiird, 
wht^rc he eradiiat^ II.A. in 1701, and took 
the MA. (1-i;ivi.' uiiil a fellowship in 179-!j. 
After taking holy onli-r* hi> »[M*nt some y-Ar* 
at Edintnirsn .'^tudving inrdinim^ \Ip. took 
hn M.K. itnii MI), .Vj^iv^* Ml OxfoTtI in 18:^2. 
He iwfTtrpnicliiitHl tnt><liciiie, nor, t^xcfjU for 
a «1iOrt tiiiit> HA locum teneii_i, did h«> <ln sd^^ 
ordinary clerical duty. Up was, bowt-vor, 
■elMt pTvncher befon.' tliv miivvriiiy of Ox- 
ford nn BTvml ocfMuiotLS Ai>d be was I{anii>- 
loii lectwrvT in ISIO- A voriuly of works, uf 
"Wbii'h an exact liat i* apinmded, wen- 1\m 
fruil of h!« Icisuiv. IId died at Bath un 
)fl Keh. IWB». VahniDBr iDarritid l-'ninci>'i«, 
<fauisbl<>riif Unittenani-onloiD'l Rolx-rt Raili, 
Iw vbuni hn hod 'imiw, besides oae Boa and 
(BfM daagbtAn who di(>d in liu lifetime, 
(nor sons who surrived him, viz. Thomas 
{{[. T.], AVilliam [q. r.], Alexander IV". 
*ud Rondltt Wilhntliaiu [a. vj 

FaleoniT nuhliahed: !. 'Tlje Voyape of 
llanno, inuixIaloJ and B4-coin|]iinied with lh>.i 
Grrek text and diseHrtatioiiK,' Oxfonl, IT'.i", 
e%'o. ^. ' Tlin ReeuiTBCtion of oiir Saviour 
owcrtoititHl from an Ksuminati'in of t\w 
Proofs of ihe ld*>ntin-of liiiChamctpr after 
llisl K«-ni,' Hath, lf9"<, Hvo. 3. 'The Toc- 
sin; oranAppeol to Good Sctd-v^, bribe Itcv. 
U Dutww.' tmnalflled, Jtc. I^mfon, 17518, 
**To. 4. ' lU'iiiarlcK on some PoAiiaefB in Mr 
Bryom'a Publicjilions rMpoctin^o; the War of 
Tt(it/ London, I7mt, Hvo, 6. 'Si. LukvV 
I'reiiBtv to hi4 Goep^l «xaniinf!d witli nfet- 
vnc* to Mr, ManliV hTputb(.-Hi»r>mii<ctinKthe 
origin of ib« tlin-eOfai GoafM^ht.' Biith, IHlf, 
*T(i. 't. ' A lyjlUT to tbfi llev. It. Warner 
rra|i«ctinft his t^ernmnim Wnr/Oxfonl. |lH04. 
«v<'. 7. • Difrcourw on tht' Mi-o^tiri' of ihe 
OlymiurSiniliiirii '< thf> Joint work ofbinMlf 
•ntJ hia fathiir, npjM-udi.ti'T to thf IttttiTV Imn*- 
lation of Arriiin * * IVn(iIiw"), Oxford, 1^05. 
8. 'StnlKniiK lt<*ritiD Gcofrrophicftnim tibri 
xvii-.Orww (-1 UntiK-.'&c. OxfiiM. l>07,fol. 
Thi- w-.irl\M.. li.'.-don inotfriBl-H l.-ft bjhis 
"11 U-jiK-r il73S-I"vf2) [q. v.] 

Til 'tt.iillivH^ni'oi'Ti through thv 

pjVM Uy l>r. i'arwuM, )/Lhb(ii> (if IVfi'rlioronsrh, 
(^!iM l>v Ilalliwell 




}\n--\ Ibw' 



n(liTlOol£tOC»tUIi|F"t»> ' 

r* 'Coniinuiiicalion ' 

■■" of Com mi' re c : 

. .rlvd in thv a^ , 



pondis t.o Dr. Vinoent's edition of Arriau'i ■ 
'F«riplii»,' 1807. 10. 'A Semioa i^rMohod 
hefon'thftUnivtT*iIjrofOiford,'Oxford,I810, 
4to. 11, 'CeriaiB Priociplea in KTuiiaon'a 
" iFisMtuinci- of the four generally rwcxfirad 
Eisugelistd," &c. exuminod in eight dia>^ 
countts dflivertd bt-funs lh« (iiiiv<:!>rsitv of 
Ciford ut tha lecture founded bv the Ilev. 
J. l(sro|.tim,' ()»ford, ISH, 8vo.' \J. Ke- 
view of the Fcisncb troiisUlJon of Strabo 
{'Quiirturly Itcviow," May 1811). \a. Two 
letters to tUf. ttlitor of th« 'Gentleman's 
MogumK) ' ufton the articlefl in thti* Edin- 
burgh l{('vi.!w' relating to the Oxford 
'Strabo,' July 1809 and April 1610 ('Gent. 
Moff.' 1H09, pt. ii. »*>3. 1810, pt. ii. ±.'7), pub- 
li«hed«eparutc1y,0.xford,l8ll.Mro. 14. 'A 
Sermon upon the Folly and Criminality of 
aitL'mpts to Search into Futurity,' Dxlord, 
HI3, 8vo. 1^. 'Au /Vosuo Sermon upon 
Uatbii, their \ntun% Obligalion», and lullu- 
ouw,' Oxford. 1H13, 8vn. 16. 'Ouilintw of 
a Hun fur Ituilding tw«ntj-five Churches 
and Cha|)elA'(in the' I'ampnlRl^-tfr.'vol. vi.), 
Hfm, Svo. 17. * A Sermon upon tbeTem|>- 
tation and IleauTrection of our Lord, preached 
boforo the Universiir of Oxford,' OxforJ, 
1817, Kro. 18. • Thf" Omc of liusebiua ex- 
amined,' Oxford, IWIt*. «vo. 19. A funnral 
»«tmon, Oxfoni, 1621, yvo. it), 'The Ah- 
iiurd HyiHitliv^ia that EuAibiu^ of CiExarea, 
Itiibop aud Historian, w n» on ICdilor or Cor- 
rupter of iha Holy Scriptures ; In a second 
fMirt, of thr Cw* </i' KuwhiuB,' Oxford, \i<-J3, 
8vn. 21. 'The Cotiags Ijind Worki^r," lloih, 
1(*30, 8vo. Falconer al»o contributed nulvit 
fin tht' Pftalms to Warner's edition of the 
Book of Common Prayer. Ub left in manu- 
script a translation of Strabo, aft to which W« 
FaLCONBB, WlLUAB (1801 ls8o), 

[rhorana Pnlrooer'* Bibli'Jt^pby U'f tho Writ- 
ing* of tlio Ptikonar Family, trith biofraphiuiU 
n(iti<Ki; GoaL Ma),'., acw Mr. (I83!)l, m>. 8241, 
43.5; Brit. Mm. C«i.I i. U. R. 

FALCONER, THOMAS (lSOo-1882), 
county court judg*'. second Hun of the Rev. 
Tliomos Falconer, M.U., of Italh ( 1 772-1839) 
[(]. v.], by hia wife Frances, daughter of 1 Jeu- 
tennnt-cid'mrl Hobi-rt lEailt nfthti 2nd regi- 
mi^nt, a grcot^ianiison of William Falconer, 
recorderof Ch«tcr, Hewoa bomon2<5 Junu 
ISOo, and having been admitted a member of 
Lincoln'^ Inn on laNov. 1 823, wag calliil to 
(he bar on 8 Feb, IK3U. Falconer pmctisw! 
a^ an equity draftsman and conteyauixT.and 
from lH.'t7 to 1840 held the post <if reviMRg 
Imrrisfer for tlw bomu^'b s of l-'insbury, Tow.-r 
lIamlet>i,Bnd Mnryli:buni:<. Hxmibsetjucutly 
RtKtnt mon- llian two jeara in travlling 
tlirougb Nurtti America, nituzoiog to Eiig- 



Falconer 



164 



Falconer 



loiid in DonMnbcr 1K42. In lHhO hv was 
ftppoinUil by tliv goviTMor-geneml and tbe 
coiiiicil (>f Canadft arbitrator on behalf of 
that prorinm f[>rth<<purp<i)icof dciemiiuia^ 
thv wuminriu* Imtwmin ('an&da aud New 
Bniiifrwirk. On 29 July 1^')1 hu wiiu noini* 
Iiatiid coloninl "(.■crwlnry of WbhHtu Aua- 
traliA.liiil re.iifiiin^ thiii Kppoinlnx^nt.lie woa 
Kijpoinled bv Lord-chfliici*lIyr Truro judifv of 
tu<< county courts i>f OlHrnur^jtinkhirt! and 
BroooiLihin and of lln^ diolrirt of liliaradcr 
onSSDee. ]^1. Aftersittingoii tlwlK-ncIifor 
thirty TMrs he retired in Pcn-nib^'rlftfiliand 
died St Uiilh on 28 Aug. IK8l', in thesu^-einy- 
cig}gth year a( his af(fi. Falconer vraa a labo- 
riauD warkcT, a stnimdi Liberal, and nn ener- 
gt'tic •t[>[ii>ni>nt iifabiU6i. lie wa«ftmcmber 
of Aereml learned BocietiM. and wiis a tra- 
veller of much fxpiTionw- H« coiitrihnted 
enme ortirleii to tiip ' Wesiminsler Review ' 
and the 'Colonial MBpuim','n-aBthvnnthi.ir 
of soTcral hooka, and of a vary luge noniber 
of pamplilets. 

Tlie follow-in]? is A liM of liJs more im- 
portant works : 1. 'The History, Opinioas, 



(anon.), London, \^R4, 8vo. Some puaagM 
of tbifl work were writti-n hy other hantln, 
2. 'Ca*.'* of Controvfirted Elpctiona, detcr- 
KUDcd in Cominittww of iliv Itmw of Com- 
mona, in tbo Socond Pnrliament of tho 
Keign of (^iieen \'icloria,' hv ThomaA Fal- 
eoaerand I-^dward 11. KitidiThtrrt, I^ndon, 
1830,8vo. 3. 'On tUi' l>iscovt'ry of the Mi»- 
aJMtiniit, nnd on tht- South- Wwutu Orp(ron 
and Narth-WBHtum lioniidary of iJut UaiT cd 
Stat49e, with a Iran^lntiou from tliM original 
manuscript of Memoirs, &c., rvlntJn^ to the 
diKxiVKfT of thp MiKt'i)^«il>^i,' by Kuburt 
CamliiTdi! la 8iil!« and the Ulievalter Hi»«ry 
(le Tonty, London, li?i4, 12ina 4. 'Thu 
Ore{[on(^iiMlioii,'liondmi, 184/i,8vo; nnothtTr 
edition, New York, 18-15; second edition, 
London, iy4r>, 8vo. 5. • On Probate Courts." 
London, 1850. Svo, fi. 'On .Sumamea and 
th« RuJea of Law affectinR their Cluuig*',' 
Cardiff, 1^2, 13tco,privnttOy printed; second 
edition, wilb addittoiui, I/tiidon, If'ii-J, 9vo. 
7. 'Supplement to an Eaaftv on 8iirnan»M, 
and tho Rules of Law afi'evtiiif; llieir Change, 
with Coimncnl* on the fip<*che(» di-lirrn'd in 
th^- Hnu«p of Commons by Sir n. Grey, Itart., 
and the Solicit'Or-G»'ncnxl,' London, ]S*iii, 
Hvo. 8. * LL« of County Conrt Judpw;' 
' Note OD tba Abolition of certain Frnnchis« 
Gaok,' London, 1866, 8vo, privately printixl, 
0. 'On County Courta, Local Courts of K<»- 
cord, and on tlte Chun^-8 proposed to lie 
mode in euvU Cuurt« in the Sseoad BcfKirt 



of tiuf. Jndicature ConuuiK^ionera,' London, 
1873, 6vo. 

[Faloooer'e List of Oouaty Court Jodgta, p. 8 ; 
FaleoMf's Kbliogiaphy of tb« Wntiagu at U10 
Kuleouer Fiunilv, pp. 20.30 ; Debrc^t'* Huui« of 
Commons and tho Jvdiciul iteoch. IS£1, p. 391 ; 
Vilkina'a Bistory orMerthyrTydAl (I8(ir). pp, 
353-7; Uw Tiun. liiiii. 315-16; Mcrtliy 
Kspnu, 2 S«pt. IS82, p 6 ; Jllu'lnti^l I»i)Hti: 
tieiht. Hi Sept. 1882. wb«rc n ponmit nf KnI 
iruncr wilt b« found; Liaooln'a Inn Kv^invrs; 
Brii. Mux. Cat.] 0. ¥. K. B. 

FALCONER, Wn.LIAM (173i>-17(»J 

Kiet, was born 11 Feb. 17:W (C'jiKBLTHfc-iw) 
is father was a poor barber in Edinburjeb 
A brotlier and aislvr wen- deaf and d'tmbi 
the sister was Uviu); in ihe Ib^yal Int 
in Edinburgh in 1801. Falconer appears t< 
havo had an (-nrly lasln for literature, whiell 
WW ebecked by a ' freexing blaat of udveroity' 
(*•« dMcriptton of ' Anon' in miptrrtrl 
canto I). He joined a moTchsnt niiip nt l^ill 
Jle waa afterwards Berrani, aceordinn 
Currio (Bums, 1801, ii. i^S). to Arrhibalj 
Campbell (Jl. 1767) [q. v.l, then purser 01 
a man-of-war, who^uKover^d and encou 
hi^ lilvmjy taat«e. H« hecaau! si-cond matl 
to a ahip in the Levant trade, vrbich wa 
vrecked on a Toyage from Aluandria tt 
Venice, when only thn-* of tbw crew wvrv 
sared. In ITftl he published a poem on the 
death of Frederick, prince of Wales— which 
is nbOMt M good on the »nbj**t rttjnitvis. He 
contributed a fuw powna to tbe ' Gentleman's 
Magazine,' and Clarke go tan aa, on vrr>' flight 
grounds, that ho wroCa Clu) popular song 
'Cea»e, rude lloreoal' generally utinbiitcd 
toGtmrgv Alaxander Stewns ^l-v.] [u 17tl:? 
bo publiabod Ilia chief p>K'nj,tlM.''Shipwn.<«k.' 
founded on hiflnwn experience and dedicated 
to ih^ Duko of York, then rear-admiral. Tho 
duke adviaed him to enter the royal nnvy, 
where there would be opporiunitie>i for pa- 
tronage. He was rated oa a michthipinanon 
SirK. Haw lie's .^hip the RiyaJOeorge. ^\'beu 
the duke sailed with Sir Charlea llarrly in 
XoTcmbor 1762. Falconer celebrated the aiut- 

ficiouaevent tDanod<',accordingto hia friend 
[unter. 'composed in a small space beiwe 
the cable ticra and the shipV »ide.' 11 
duke is elahoratelv compared to ■ .Vlcmena'd 
warlike Bon,' tearing hitnaelf from plou^iin' 
to wvk virtue. Tlie Koyal Oi.-orgv wna pkH 
offnnlliepf-aceof liKt, andFah-oncrbeciunaJ 
purser of the Glory friEWte. He aoim aftoi 
wards marrie^l Mi».^ Hickit, dniighliTT of tl 
auiseon of Sheemtu yard. The Qlory 
laid lip in ordinary at Chatham, and Co 
missioner llanway, brother of Junaa, I 
captain's culiiu httetl up as a study 
Uvvtary punwr. Uere^ui 1764. bt* wrol 



if 

I 



Falconer 



»6s 



Falconer 



P 






* Panaropiip,* & political »«tJr«, atlAcking 
Witki^, riiiircUiir, aiid ix>n] Ciinlluun, nnd 
sbnwiog' much IovbUt and aome power of 
ril iippntiun. Id I'tST Iw vo! iippoinUH) 

tiir-i'r in ilie Swift«iire. In 1760 lu» pul>- 
»tit:'i 'The Uoiveral Manoe Dictionaiy.' a 
tioolc well spokrii of, in wbicti 'rctrcAl' u 
described ss a l-'reiich miuKUUvre, ' not pro- 
perly a term of rhit> Ilhtiah aiarine.' Tnen 
w»rc Uicr (.■<Iitions in 17il, 1784, 1815, and 
^BiVX, H^ (Lit liuif Kaluouer ii Mid lo have 
bcm liviox in poverty in London, thotuli 
l}]« datm vibi* upp<;iulmvaU Hwrn lo luply 
tliat 111- cannot have bi?ifii lonir iiiiftinnlortX]. 
Cbalmen conlmdicta upim amTiority'^ larke'fl 
AtAliinu^t llinl 1i<^ liati 'n itnall T>itlnnc« for 
writing in lKb "<'ritjr«l Rf^vic^w," Ilnniil- 
ton, lh« proprietor of the Itarii""-, received 
liim bo^pitabW, )>iit did not employ him lui 
a MritcE. Id I7(^ Jolin Murrav, the first 
puHiAher of thi> ntkm«, was starting in busi- 
oen hy tbe pnrciia^- of Saudby'^ book«vlliii8 
tite/f apposite St. Diimtan's Church. IJe 
oflered a partnership in his Fnu-rnrii>e to 
Falconer in a leLti-r djiti-d Ii[ ihx. iTttH (in 
Nlt'iioLA, Lit. Anted, iii, 7^0). The ofler 
wrm" to jirore that Kalfonor wan (avonmbly 
Iniown to piiblishprfl. Hfi dini'linwl it,f>ppa- 
n^ni ly incnnMqHiiiceof an otfiT of the puri*r- 
altipof the Aiipori frifjnro, which wa« nboiit 
loiake Measra.Vanfiillan.Scrafion, and Ford 
to India as supcrriaor* of tho company's af- 
fiiin. Kaloner was |mimiaed thu iHy:n<'tary- 
afaip. He tatlM in tli« Aiironi 20 Si'itt. l7t5!J. 
An«r tuuchinir ut tlw Cujw the (<hip wiw lo«t. 
Clarkn luf utioDK l>ui dtiilH*ti«v«a a repoK that 
ithn wuA burnt bv an at-ndenC eaiued by the 
ailpwnisttrV pn»)iinn for ' liot Biijipcni.' The 
A priori pirtbiiliiiit.v of «uc.b a ciitiintr'iiibe in 
•mall, he t binkd, and b certainly not sumcient 
to mmmand aMwnt in tlieabiioaca of all direct 
■oatimoDT. Falconer's widow di«I 20 March 
17M( and wa» buried at Weston, near llnlh 
iNtitmmd QutrifA,Ut ttf>T.ii\.lMi2\ Codoll, 
|]m novru'tor of the 'Marine Hictionary,' 
•uppUadhcr librtally.cTen after the'expira- 
tion of the a*Mal period yf copvri({lit.' 

A third p'lttion of the ' Shipwroclt ' was 
imparcd by Fak-onvr ju!>l Iwrorv his dcpar- 
IVt*. I' rontainM many alli-nkliotis, nlitch 
(1- 1 the prcfiMrc to have been hU 

I' li Clartw, who thiukx Ibom iiyu- 

rinii'^.ik'rrjiiuteA thom U' MnlU't.who di>^in 
17tVi. It n-adujd an eleventh edit ton in \>f02, 
and ha* ^inco >tppc-itrpd soparaloly and in 
many coUeclion*. Falconer's 'Sbipwrwck' 
n^eublea ukmI uf thu ilidactiu poi^nu of tite 
timu, and ii uiark'-d bv tlu.> eouvi-ntionnlity 
OOBtmOO to them all. Hut it dMuirve* a rath<^r 
aimplinoal positiun fn>in i he ohvioiis Adellir 
imihlHuchlw haa paint«dfroin naturv; anil 



though hia UMof t«hnical nautical tf-rmi ta 
puab^ even to oetentation, the effect of uaing 
thn Inn^ia^ of real life is oft«n exceUeaV| 
and is in niarlied coucra-st to the common- 
placmiof cliHAtL-nl imitation which maice other 
P&ssag«A vapid and unintvrvstiug. In ihia 
tvspect th« poem made aoma mark, and Fal- 
coner had certainly considanibla powers of 
fluent wnificution. 

CJarki! dii4Crihe« Falconer aa fit** ft<et seven 
incbes in height, slight in frame, weather- 
beaten, and pnck-RinrKod. Hia mannem wer» 
' blunt, nwkwanl, and forliiilrlin^;' he talked, 
rapidly and incisii'^ly; be waacheerful, kindly, J 
and a f;naA comrade, and seemn to have b«Ul>| 
a th'oroueh teaman, with all the eharaot 
tic« of hiM profeeaion. His education had 
tweu coolinud to Enf^lish and a littlu arith- 
metio; but he underitood French, Spanish, 
Italian, and ' vvaa Ocnuan.' 

[Lirr* pnflxcd to a^iliuiu of 'Shipwreck:' 
anonymoiTA ib IS03: by Jamen Stjinii-r OI.»rke 
[ii. v.j tn 1S04; by Aloiani^rr Olmlnon in 
' Kiwluih Poutii,' Tol. «i».. 1810; by R. C^rru- 
tilers in llit>8 ; and litn in Ddvid Irrint:'* ' IJtm 
of ScQt.iiili [«icj Aulhon,' 1801. Cliirki) U«'! infor* 
matiuu from I'uk'oacrV friend, ■JuicfuorHuiiicr.] 

L. S. 

FALCONER, WILLIAM, Ml). (1744- 

IS:J4l,mi«'pllaneoU3writ«r,waAboTnatCh« 
ler oa ^3 Ffb. 1T-H,lbe vonnfpjr of two bup«' 
viving w>n* of William Falconir of i be Inner 
Teaiple, recorder ufCheHter, by marriage with 
hia seojud cousin, Klizabvth, dauf^ht^^r of 
ICundlu Wilbmham of 'rowttiH!nd,neiir Nant- 
wieh,('liesbire. lleatuditfd uedicineal Kdm- 
bur?h,whi;n;hi.'lci)ktbt'dvf^-cof.M.I).inl700 
{DinArrlatio .Mptiii^a Janvyunilit, ' Do Nt 

S'iiidii Vera,'8vo, I'^dinbur^h, 17G(J). Front) 
inburffb ho wgiit to Lyydt'n, when; ho at- 
t«md«>d tJm b'ctiire.i uf (taubinii and AlbiniM, 
proTMiliiig M.D. tliere un 2t( May I7<t7 ( iHdex 
•'/ f^/IfK SlmlrnlA, Index Soc- p. 'AX). He 
had been pn><viniLtty admitted an extra-licen- 
tiateoftheCoUeK^of Pbysicianaon iS^lnrch 
1767. In tho same year h«* wiw appointud 
physician to the Chealer In&rmary, Afltrr 
attaining lo good practice in C'h>pat4.'r, Fal- 
convr, al the au^tfvetiun of J>r. John Fother- 
gill [ij.v.J.n-movMl to Bath in January 1770, 
wh)>n< be was equally successful. Onlt^Mitruii 
1773 bt" V*ftm.. F.it.a t)B 12 May 1784 ho 
was .'Ipctrtl physii'tan to the Bath (tenvrol 
ItrispilttI, an Appoinlmeiit which h« rKtBiae«i| 
until ID Feb. IMH, Mr Am\ at hi« house iaj 
the Circus, liatb, on 'A\ Auk- 1^24, and wa»j 
buried at Wtuiton. nuaf thai city. Ilia wife, 
Hi-nrii'ila, duuk'hter of Thonias Edmnnda of 
WDmbroMKh llall, Yorksltiro, had died on 
10 Sopl. Ik03. He left a mn, Thomaa Fal- 
coner, MJ). (1772-18:)l)), who i» leparalelj 



Falconer 



166 



Falconer 



Dotio^ii, Ut5 portrait by J>ani«lwaj engraved 
by J. Fitllcr. 

Faleoui'ri Kttwnmputs Be « Kclioliir ftud a 
itliy»ii^i>in WW* of ili* btf^biMt order. lie wm 
intiinab.' wilh Dr. Parr, who procurcil from 
thcCwinbrkitfi' t'nivirrailv Pnw* thr piilili<%- 
tion of hia ' MiHelUneous Trartfi,' t7!>.'l, «nd 
who wroto of btm in bis ' [{^marks on tliu 
RtAtcment nf I>r. Combs,' pp. "1-6:*, an *« 
man whose kngvlcdge is Timnuv and |mi- 
founH, and whose di»criniinBtioDii upon nil 
t4i])io.'( of lit^'mliirp nro rc-Hdv, vipomiii», tint} 
comprehpiiBive.' In bin will Varr referred to 
him in most fluttrrinfrtrmi.'. Edmund Burke 
iu]drv!>«e(J n Ii>tt«r to Knlcoiicr, dutvd 14 Nov. 
] TiK), thanking bim 'for the tempprale, judi- 
eiouf, aud n-afjuKbh' ptipi-r 'ou ibe FrtnL'h 
r*vohitiou] which Hppi-nrfir in thi- Bath 

rrinis HoiBL' litno eincf.' In liWO Charles 
>tin«t(-r imu'rilx-d lohim bin TVinKidwrntioiiw 
on Millon's I'^arly HeaiUnp,' Iwsidi^ mentinii- 
in^; him in hi> line!< on Jltirdhnm, written in 
May 1801. Kslconcr was a frMurnt contri- 
butor to the transBciioDB of various learned 
nocidiM. His separate writin^^s are as fol- 
low*: I. 'An Kma^ oa the Hnth Waiun in 
four parts, eontainrntf aprefatury latrodnc- 
tion on the Study of )iineral Waters in pene- 
m],* I?iiio, iWthm, 1770; 2nd mljt. 1772. 
Thin, bid 6rst work, was dedicated to Dr. John 
iMjtlifTjjil]. 2. * OhpiTvatiniw on Dr. Cad o- 
Iran's Dissertation on the (1 nut and fillChrouic 
Piwawa,' 8VO, I/ondon, 177!^ ; ^nd t-dil., wiili 
additions, Pvo, Bath, 1772. 3. 'An Cuiay 
on the Bath Wuters : on their External Uae. 
In two Paris, T. f>n Warm Itathinpinpene- 
ni. II. On the Kxternol Vm of the Bntli 
Waters,' Svo [Bath:-], 1774. 4. 'Obnerva- 
tions and Kxpfrimcnts on the Poison of Cop- 
per,' Sro, l»ndon, 1774. 5. ' .'Vn l->m' on 
the Wiitpr rommonly i!s«l in Uict nt Jlaih,' 
I2ioo, Ivoiidoii, 1776, 6, 'E.^ueriments and 
Obeerrations, in three parttt— .1. t)n ihp dig- 
wlv*.<nt |".iwcr of water impriTcnatcd with 
fixible air, o»inpftn-<l with Kinipje Mfster, r^ 
latirely to medicinal su)»tanceH. II. Od the 
di«inht*nt power of wnter, imprvgns'^d with 
fixiblo air, on the UrinBrrCoinilii*. III. On 
the anliseTitic power ol water impregiiatiyl 
with lisikic air,' *<•., Pvo, London, 1776. 
7- ' Obeervalionw on »t)nif vf the Articles of 
I>iet and IWfrimcn usually recommended to 
\'ali!tudiiiaristiVl-in<'>,Londan,177fi. 8.' Rfv 
marks on th« InftuPucM of C'limnte, . . . Na- 
ture of Food, and Wav of Life, on . . . Man- 
kind,' 4ti), Ixindnii, li)i\. It was translated 
into German, i). *An .Awoimt of (he Intii 
Epi'!.-itiuT ('ntarrhal Fever, comraonly called 
the Inlliienrn, a.<) it appcan-d nt Bath' in . . . 
May and June 1781'.' 10. ' .\ IH^-rtalioo on 
the Influence of (be Tauians upon Diaordera 



of tht) Body,* 8vo, London, 1788. To ihia 
eMay waa ai^ndgvd tho first Fothenrillka 
voldmedal. Sovural editions were pubnghttd, 
the third in iL'iuo, J7y<J. 11. ' An tZasay oi» 
the Preservation of the Ht-altb of Porsona 
emplowd in AgricHiture, and on the ( 'un- of 
the nWosea incident to that way of Life,' 
8rn, Bath, 1769. I^rst printed in the foarlU 
volume of the 'Letters an<l Papera'of the 
Bath and West of England Agricultural So- 
ciety. It was aNo printt-d in vol. iv. 4.'{0-f»2(> 
nf lir.AlMftndi'rHunter's'GeorpicalFAiwyfl.* 
8ro, 1?:I0:^4. An Italian veraion was puii- 
li»hod in London, the third edition in ^%-iv 
1794. 12. ' A brief Account of the newly 
discovered Water at Middle Uill, n>*ar Box 
in Wiltuhir.',' ^vo, ^ri^Q. 13. ' An .\ccoiint 
nf ihe Ktlicacy iif thti .<\oua M-fphitiru .M- 
halina in Calculous Disorders,' itc, 'in\ i«dil. 
Hvo. London, 17Wl; 4lli e<Ut., wilh nddilion*, 
l»vn, London, I7(t2; filheiiit. 17ffS. Tranh- 
lated into Italian, and published at Venice* 
in liW). 14. 'A Practical Diweirtnlion on 
the Modieinal Etl'wts of the Bath Wner».' 
8vo. Bath, I7M0; 2nd edit., with addition*, 
6vo, Bath, 1708 ; Srd Lxlit., with eonsidorable 
additinna respecting the ' Use of the Water* 
in Hip Cases, 8vo. Bath, ll»07. 15. 'Mieeel- 
laneotiM Tract* and Collrcliona nlalinfr to 
XatumI ni.itoiT. selecle*! from the piincjpal 
writers of nntiq^uity on that subje«t,' Ho, 
Cambridge, 17W1. Ifi, * .\a Awount of ill* 
Use, Apphcation, and Succqim of the Bath 
Waters m Bh>-uma1ie Cas4.'s,'8vo, Baih, 170&. 
17. ' Ob*ervaiion* retcpeeting the Pulie, in- 
tended to point out . . . till- indieationAwhich 
ii stenifiea, evpMiially in feverinh ct>m|ilaintfi,* 
8vo, l^niidon, 1700. Transliitm! intiiUunnan, 
Hvo, Ijeifi'iff, 17M7. 18. *An Kssay on the 
Plagtiv: aW a SkLich of a Plan of Inti'mul 
Polipe.'Rvo, L-indoii, IROI. lit. 'Anl'Ixami- 
natiunitfDr, llebtTden'sObservation'on th« 
Ini-rea»i» and IVcri-sw' of diifen-nl Diwawi*, 
and particularly the Pla^ni'V f'vn. Bnth, I f*02. , 
20. An Anconnt of the Kpidemical Catarrliat 
Fever, oommonlv called the Inflm'nn, on it . 
appeared at I^th in tin? Winter and Spring 
of, . ,1803.' Bcprintcd at p. 26a of Tbomiw 
»<jn's 'Aunalvof Influ«nta'(i?vdeuham Hot;^ ' 
8vo. l/mdon, IS.^2). 21. ' Alti-monstrat 
addressed to the K(!V. Richard Warner on tl 
*ul>)twt of hi* Fiwl Hfnmm' [afpiiii.it war] 
Svn, Rath, 1S(M, publi.ihed anonymouslrJ 
22. *A Diss '•rtut ion tm the Iscbias: or tna 
!)iva.<k«of lh>> Hip Jotnt,comaonlvcan«la' 
Hip C^ase, and on ilic itse of tho Datli Waters 
ai a Uemt'^y in Ibis Complaint,' 8vo, London. 
ISO.*;. To tM*i istaay tho Medical Society of 
London awarded its silrer medal (Affwofnt 
of Meti. Soc. Lmd. vi. 174 J. 23. • Arriao'a 
Voyage round tlui Etucine S«a, tranalatad.- 




Falconer 



<fi7 



Falconet 



•ad ftOMiniMnied with & Ofxi^mphioal Din- 
mnition and ilnne. To which ore added 
Hxree 1 H*conr«o.V «c fi-diwd hv Tiiomns Fal- 
coner, M-lt.], 4to. Oxford. leOG. 'Ji. 'Ol>- 
■ervB Lions on thci Words wbicU tiic- Coot ur ion 
uUm<d oL ihu CniciOxitn of utir Ltrrd. Ilj 
a LayniHii,' tivo, Oxford, IHOH. 'iTi. • DiHwrttt- 
timi tm St. Paul's \'>}VKgG from Ch^mu«& to 
PuteoU; on tlw! Wind EurcK'lvdun: and ud 
th« ApMlI*^'* Sliipwri^Jt OH i\w Ijtl&nd of 
Melita. Hv a Layman," Sv«, Oxford. 1817. 
Tbp eroond Mitiim, wtlli sililttiiitinl noti.^ liy 
hLs^randwii, Thomas Falcouar lll^-18ft2) 
[u.v.].Mvo,L<.mdon, 11^70, (."ontainB a very com- 
(£•!« Li«t of Falconer's »qiamti.- writinfpt, w 
wifUutllOMCOnlribHtedtoMriiilpiiblioKtionf, 
an enUMenaent of a Het which had appeared 
in tho'dvaUi'man'sMaijaziuu' fur Novvmbor 
IWo (now »er. xsiv. 470-2). l-'alwirifr also 
wrote an * A|ipfiidix' for Dr. Motthi'w D»l>- 
win'e •.M'-diml LVmnw-nlarv on Fim-il Air,'. 
Sto, 1/1*7. Hlh 'Thnii^its on the Stvlo and 
Tule of Oardenintr aiiioofc th<:- AnrientA,' in 
the •TmnniioliotiM' of ilw^ Manchwtfr-r Lil*- 
rsry and l'hilo«oiihical S&cieiy (i. ^7)) was 
nnlBri^Lvl and tmhlifthrd ik'paralclv. ' ATolilo 
of ihi.' On'»k Same* of PinuH^' drawn up by 
bun w tit Iw found in v. <Vn'-7!) of Or. Alan- 
•nderHun[L'r'»'(jL'orBiculKiway.«/^i''*i^S03- 
IHW. 

[ThontM VAlcttTua't Biiil. and Bia([. of Iha 
FaJeooar Family, pp. 9-la. 19; MudIl'k Ct>ll. of 
Pli^r*- (18TK)- )■ U7K.^(t; Oent. Uim. *nl. xcir. 
|it,(i,!l7't~6j Eraiw'oCal.of GngraTvilPurtraitJi, 
ii. J«t.] O. G. 

FAliCOITER, W^II.LfAM flSOI-lJWB). 
truutlalor of ' Straho,' cld^^t M>n of tho Kvv. 
Tbotna. FaI(vii.T, M.U. {l77l'-lK«t) [q. v.], 
hv rrnnci-s, only child of Lieut en ant -colonel 
Uoh<'rt ICnilt, wa^ bom at Coretoii. Suniur* 
artebirp, on 'J7 I'l-c. IWH, and li[iiiti«-il (hrrf 
on L'! July IW>1>. On K) Dpc. Hli' he ina- 
iricuUlivJ from Orirl C«>ll<v?, Oxford, nod 
havinc taken a third chias in clas^icN and a 
flr^t clwH in innllit'itiiilica cmdnatMl IJ.A, in 
_1HS3, and i>roc.-o<l.-il M.A. in lHi*7. Tl^^was 

ptrd a iVtf-iin fellow of K\rtvr Collev^ 

.til Junf in thai year, and was mat finina* 
Ileal t'xaminrr in tlw uniViT'itv in 1H.'W— J. 
and Mf^iit in IH.'U!-><. In IKtll li<> np<'ncd the 
Peln-iin I'lllnu Aiiin al E»*itt*r Colli-gi' tvi na- 
ti\rx iif rii''"liir«' fiv riinvt'vinjf SBiuall innn- 
pfin>al hr'niliumi'ni to Ixinl Petm for that 
iiiirpoDo. I lip ''•}|lHe>_' preHnlt^l him, 2*t .Tan. 
1H.11*, lo th'- r.-<toi-v of JhishtV, HrrtforiJ- 
•Uin-, whm- tin- tilhea had Uvii comiuitn-d 

7(1W. I'Ar'i •■ ' ' ind Illhi'orEkbe. 

dir-d m I " Frb. IMi. He 

ri«il in . - 1 ,i - .. ., ■iiiiiifJitri- of J. Uo- 

h,and widow of W, S, Poiipiat; ebe 
at Si .Mu«*i, iwar I'imoja, 7 Feb. 1889. 




Falconer la known as anu of the translaUHm^ 
of * TTiv Gvography of Si rabo.' literally trans- 
lal^, with nnt^a. The Br^t six books br 
II. C lUmilloa, and the ruraainder by W'. 
Faloonrr, with a coinpl^'to index, appean-d in 
'Bolin'ii Clasaical Library,' lHi>-J-tJ-7, three 
volumes. Tho text of 'Slrabo' had been 
edited in 1807 by biii fathfr, and llioDua-j 
Fnlamur, M.H. [q. v.], had nt*o unparcd m ' 
iTatislBtion the maDuacript of whicb was used i 
by his Hun. 

[Fal Conor's Bibliography of tha Faloomr 
Fainitj. tSSG, pp. li. 31; Boom's lUgiater of 
Exfter Collfge, p. 120- Timen, 19 Vtb. I88d,| 
p. 7.] G. C. B. 

FALOONET, FKTKR [I'lKltRE ETI- 
ENNE] (1741-1791), porUall-painier. bocii, 
in Paris in 174l,wnKM.inof Klicnnc Maitrinal 
Falconet, tht- t'lnintmt sculptor of the lainong 
flame of I'eter th^ Great at 8t. Peten»biir]j{. 
Ilii first studtee wew probabiy in tlw Frent-h 
Acaduniy, but hig father, who was on terms of 
|M<nional friendship with 8ir Josliua Keynolda^ 
sent his mn to Kntdiiiid to work under tt 
painler'n direttion. He rame lo Londoo'' 
abiHit 176(1, in which yuar liu obtnined aprt^ 
miutn of I went V guineas for n |Ktintiug' tn 
chiaronciiroj in 176S he caimd another 
twenty-six Riiinofi* fur mi hiKl/>riral comjHwi-* 
lion. He was a member of the Inrorpomt*d 
Socioty of Artista, and contributed to their 
eixhibi'f ions from I7il7 to I7".'t,ando<^cn*ion- 
bIIt Io the lloynl Academy, mostly portraits. 
Falconet is best known in Kn^land bv a S«S.J 
of portrailH of •'minonl artixts, drawni in rr»4 
lil(> in bburkleatl, with a slight tint of colonr 
on tho cheeks ; these wero engraved in tlis 
dotte<! manner by I). P. PariwI, and alsoj 
by R- lEeading. Thev ootnprUe portraiUQ 
of Sir William Cbamwrs, Francis Cotoi^ 
Joshua Kirt>v, Fm:)rL'4 llaymaii, Jeremiah 
Mf-yfT, Oxiii* Humpliry, George Stublw, Beo- 
iiimin Weit. Jamen I^io", llu' nrchil^ictj 
V. W. Byhind, Paul .Sandhy, Sir Joahwa 
Ri>vitoldii (the likeneAs is atte^itett brXnTtb- 
cote), and othiM?, Many of hi* other por- 
traits wc*n> i-itgraved, among them bi'inf^ 
Horace Walpote, the Rev. J^imea Oran^i 
(fnmt ispitvj to hiD * Riugraphical Hi»tory 'm 
Vinr-'unt Ximehatn, the Ear! mid t'oiint« 
of Mart-hraont and lhjjir¥oii,l>inl Pulwnrth, 
Hngb,iJiilt«iifXoribiimlit!rIand,rhri.*tinnVn 
of Di^nmark, nil engraved by 1>. P. Pariset s 
l'JliEab«th, eniinttus of Harcoitrl, Klixabelb|J 
connto*«of Ani'nim, Mrs. Green and hari 
and oihera entrrnved in meiiotint by V«I« 
tint- Green; olUern Wt-ro pngravMl by HiIh' 
bert, J. "Watson, Dixon, OabricI .Smith, and 
J. F. Baune. There is a small engravin;;, 
Irom a design by Falcnnei. rvpruwmting tba 
interior of nia father's studio. He also ea- 



'aSBSSsxiJOE^JSm 



.^E. 



Faldo 



168 



Faldo 



([rat'tt liim^r some df'Mjfns of F. Boucber. | 
Home time after 1773 Fnk'onrt rulunnx.! To 
Pnncv, and mnrrin) Marie Annu (Vtll'it, Itifl 
fatiier'a aaastani-, an<l bers«lf a sculptur of 
some emin'-'DCv. Hv r»rilinurd l» prurli^ 
paintinjT. and diH in 1701. Ilin dau^ter, 
Midame Jaiil:owitx, Iwquo&tJied h col)i>ctiuu 
of his work* to lh(r Mutitiira at Nnnrj, com- 
prieiti); nortnuUi of himxelf anil frunilT. pjc- 
tUTM, ar«wing«, A:c., besidm sniii>> pliulvr 
busts br his irifi^ including ont! nf I'almnet 
himKlf. Two of the portraits mentwinwl 
sbov», TIB. thoa? of Sir W. Chambers anil 
FauL Hnndb^, aiv aiuuiiR ihv druwii^rt 111 
the print room at Ibe Hritish Muaeum. He 
decomtod a duocet.' ti-m)ilu for Lady de Grvy 
nt Wrv»1. in Hi^dffinUliirH. 

rttfdgravn* Hict. of ArttBia; Brpui'a Diet, 
of Painian and EDunivvr^ - Oaz«tt« ill's Bcwu- 
Arta, AagvM ISftl) i I)<id't'» mitiiascripr. HiiiUiry of 
Engliah Engmvcra ; Cbaluucr f^mitli's Britiali . 
Mwnotinto Portraits ;CMt*li>KUM or the Society of 
Anii4a(ADdardQn), prim room, British Mamum: 
infurrimttoo ffOai ibe dirootar of Um Kuwani at 
Naacy.] L. C. 

FALDO, Jul! X (16:13-1600), noocon- ' 
fortnii^l' minister, i<i said to baru been tidu- 
CBl.i.'d nt Cfflinbriilgi', and to Iinvi- In^n a 
chaplain in th? armr, so llmt hu lif^ld no 
beneBcv when tlu' Act of I'tiifonHity ljwami« 
law. III l(t73 h» in df>acrihed as 'a nnn- 
oonformiug ministj^r at Barm't,' but in UJ84 
waachoscn pastor of rbccongrejrniinn at lla.1- 
t«rera' Hall, Addle Street, Alderman bwiy, 
London. Hero he romnintirl till hiii dt-atli. 
In 1C7-1 iu) puhliittiod ' Quakerium no C'liris- 
tianily. Clearly and nbundautly proved, mil 
af till.' writinf^ of tlii-lr Chinf l^^adunt. Witli 
a Key. for ibi- utidi.'r«Uiudiii|: tAeir ^Hit^u 
of their many r.Eurp^d, and Unintelligiblo 
Words and Phruoc*, to mo^t lU'ndvre.' Tlio 
book wa-t ill tJire« pftrta, thp tbird heinff en- 
titled 'An Kxaminutiun of the First Part 
of W. Tiai'n Pnnitililrt cnlWl Thit Spirit of 
Tnilb: with a K«I>uke of hU ExorbiiaiiL'SK.' 
TTiia waa at ooce answ^rwl by Penn in a 
tract call'-d 'Qiiak*>mm a X.'W Nick-Nftmo 
for Old Christianity. Iicing an Answer to 
a Book, Entitnlod, QnakiMi.'im No Chriati- 
anity : tub»cnl>fd bv J. Faldo. In which th« 
Ria^., IJiictrine and Practice of tlio Abused 
Qunkflfg an? Truly. Bridly uud Fully litf 
clarvd and Vindiratiul from thir Kal'w'Chiii'Ki-*, 
Wicked la'ii 11 nations and uimoft Dppnjiitinn 
made by tbal Advernary, Hy om? of tliem, 
and A SiilTrrer with thi'm in all tln'ir SutFi^r- 
in^, William Pi-nn.' Tlu> BriliE-U Musoiim 
copy of this tract is dated HJ7"J, nppnn-iitly 
a misprint for 107.1. Fnldo, still m 1*17^, 
aiuweri'd l\-nn in 'A VinJtcalionof "QuakiT- 
iunnoCbrietianitj/'JkCfa^nfltthL'Turyrain 



attempts of W. Pen, in bis prateiideil an- 
swer: with «outi rumarkiillu pa8«agi» out of j 
tbc Quahera' Church Itegiatry, wban-iu ihfirj 
nuar approach to Popaiy and iht'ir bold blaa- 

tiu^iiiy IK nbundantlv niniiifiut : ' lo which, in 
d73 again, Penn replied by •Tho Inralidity 
of .lohn Fnldo'a Vindication of his Hooti, &c. 
TnTwo Part*. Br W. Penn. who Ixtvn not 
Contniverav for ConlroversyV Sake,' Penn 
Ktntrit lit tbin tract that Faldo t<x>k up tb« 
suhifict 'diti^9ied at thf cominft^ over of aoino 
of bis hearera to the way we profess,' <*» 
thpapppnranrPof'TlioInTali«lity,'to!., Faldo 
w;ni iViin a priiiiod clmlk-nift' U> cnga^v in a 
puhlir dispiiU', whicti I'eim refused by letter, 
ob«•.•^^'i^|^, ' fur lliy lellur. it is civiL I wiitl) 
all IlivimK-ivliirfhadfrruliii HOinon': I hue, 
and hIuiII at any tiuit; c<>i]vei]it!nt, embrace a 
itfiln'r <l>)irii)uiioti of principled of r<dif{)on; 
for truly I aim at nothing mort? than truth's 
triumph, thouj^b in my own abasement;' 
hut Faldo WAS dltjih-awd with thn answer. 
and Diiblished in 1 074 ' A Curb to W, Penu'a 
Conndfiioi'.' to which Peun retort«d with 
' William PenuV lb-turn lo John Faldo'* Kr- 
i>l V, called A Curb for William Pfeau'a Con- 
naractf, &e^, writ in Defence of hia Answer 
to John Kaldo'a l*rint«tl ('Jmll"np'.' After 
thia Faldo HM«mbled a comjunT of tiranty- 
(i]inli>amaddiTtiH«, whosubficrilK-d Ion com* 
mendfltoTT epiatle which woa tiuu<'<l with a 
second edition of Faldo's ori(rinal work. 'Qua- 
kerism no Chrirtionity.' This appcnreil inl 
1*37 '1| and wn(< at once answered by Penii in 
'A Jit«t Ki'buk'- to One and Twenty Loarowl 
and Itevi-rciid Divinca (*o inll'-d I. Bi-iug an 
.\nswer to an Abusive iMiialle o^itisl ibt- 
Pi-Opic called QuakLTS.* 'Tlio Gual tract uf , 
Ihi; cotitruversy was Faldo's anfwcr io iiiiiA 
which appealed in Iti75, i-ntitled. 'XXt I)i-. 
vinat (wnoee namea are hervimdi^r allii^Ml) 
(dAnt>Nioftheniijuil rrimitiati'indof W. IVnu 
in his pn'tcnded " Jii*t Rebuke" for their 
Kpi«lle to a btxtk entituled " t^it«JnTi«m no 
Cliriaiionity."' Throiifthowt tb.' contPOTtriyJ 
Faldo is extremely abusive and nfVeD CoafK-,^ 
but ho shows a mora amiable mi1<> of lii« Hia- 
racter in a volume ptiblisbQd is Itwr, riillwl 
' A r)iscours« of the Goapcl of Pcat!o, and of J 
the Oovcmmciit of our own Spiritn. Bvingf 
the substance of Divers Sermon.-i, from Kphes 
vi. \o and Prov. xvi. 33.' Tliia i» iIcdiDutet 
to Lady Clinton, to whooofnraily Faldo nivi 
to have acted as chaplain. Faldn * was of ilit 
(^n|?rpg!il ionnl judjrmeot in the laltiir partj 
of hiii life, and noiM for hU raofhTatinn.' He 
di<^ ou 7 Feb. 1^1, of the stoue. and wi 
buried at Ibiiihill Kiihlf. where thfrc i» 
Latin iuKript ion u^^on bin tomb. Ilis funeral 
Kriuon was p^.'uc1lHl by the Tier. John Quic 
and afterwanlH pubtlaliod. It aanrU ' ' 



Fale 



169 



Falkner 



IDBk 




did uutb Lo lii:al the brottch betwMtti pnwlij- 
teriuiAUid iodepmilents, bat g:ivM no bio- 
gni]dtical factit cxiTvpt ttic olxH'n-Hiion that 
* Kuch B {wst^ir aa Mr. Falrin in fnrly yet&n a 
niakinii.' 1b I*^ tbi^re wim publislied the 
ftoVAQU^nth ediiKinril Jt^rfMnMli l>jrk«'s'T)ie 
WorthfCQinmunicant: or a Traattse shoring 
tb ft d(u> l_>rdt;r ol' ltcc«;iviDK the Sncninn-Kt 
the Ia)MV Hupper.' ■bndlff>>il mw! miriplt*- 

_iil*<l l>v J'alJo »o u to bring lli« Ixiok 

wttliin tfio reach of the poor.' 

pTifi. u'^ Ilul. of ibo DiMipntinft ChurrliM, 
S. iv •ml r'i»lni<ir> Ntvni-nnfomiijit'* 

Ml liS; A CalWtinn tif i)ic Workxof 

Wii; >iat i"'-!!!!. i;2«. i. 45: Tliomiui Clarkwo's 
Matnfiir* nf ttin Pulilic and PrintU I^ff r>f Wil- 
Pnno. )H19, rh. ix.] R. IC. 

'ALE, TIIUMAS (/. IB04), tnalJima- 
ttdau, tuatriouUl'-il ae a elsarof CaiuH Col- 
lege, ('nm)iri<Igt\ in Xovrinber 1578, nrmoviMl 
tu Cnrpu:^ ninsti Collegn in 15^, went out 
B.A. in l'V4i'-S, comminK^ MA. in Ii'iSd, 
pMcecdnl RD. in in»7, and in 1604 ha'l a 
lifrnf" bvm theuuiverBilytopractiitoplivsic. 
ttU only known ntiblicalion it onlitlc'cl ' IIo- 
rolo(rii>gntphift. ilio Art of Dialling: t«ach- 
inj; MR i-aAU' ami perfM^t way to make all kiiida 
nf ninU vniiu any (ibkino Plat hovritotiitr 

SUcwl: V\itb thv ilrawini; of tho Twelu« 
ianoa, and Hourea r»Muall in ilmm all. 
WhcrnutiKi i» anni-xM] tfin makiii); and vxn 
of other T>iaU and Instnimfnis, when-hy the 
biiunt of Iha dnr find ni^'lit in kri(jwc. Uf 
fiwu'iall v.*e and dilijrht not nn^ly for Sm- 
(]«nte of i.ho .\ns MntWmalicsll, but bIbd for 
fliwiT* Artilict-r*. Architects Siinwyfliif* nf 
buildings {Kt'-MnrOtm, Saylore, and others.' 
4lo, l<on(l'>n, li'iWJ (other edition* api-eared 
U) Ui'.'i! iind Ulol'l. It Liid«)tL-at«d in Lutin 
trt aU loifreofmutltfimilic* in thpunivemiiy 
of Clambriili/n. I'ltfTv ta aUrt a prefatory IcIIlt 
tn 'my louing Lin«mau,' Thumaa (>>burm-, 
who hwl iuvrnti-il tbi-iiuttruawatmi^ntioncd 
m the beginning of thu book * for (1m.> triall 
of pint*,* dntnd from Ijiinilijn, S Jan. IfiHrt. 
Thn taliti' of situ^ii which ii LMnLains is pm- 
ImUv Iht' (tarli^ot F|wc)nii<n of a trigonom^ 
tncikl lahlo ptintc^l in Eogiand. 

(Cwpwr'a AlIifiiK- C^nlnbr. ii. 396; NoU* and 
ria^ Snd «*r. iv. 3H2.] 0. 0. 

LRLAKD, Vtsconm. fSea Cast, 
Sir ]li;KnT, fin-r Vtwoctrr, rf. 11(33; and 

FALKLAND, KUZABETII. Vi»- 

CnlTrfBw. [.S.f tinder C*BT, Sir Hkvut.] 

FALKNEK, .^ih FAXUAUn (law- 
I7HJ. [S«« I-'awk»:xcii.] 



FALKNER, JOHN. 

Jons, I'i77 -Ifit'ifi,] 



[S« Fai-coseb, 



FALKNER, TltOMAS (1707-17ftl>, 

jiMLiit miiasiunar^-, «on of ThnmM Falkner, 
npothi^cary, wan bom at Mancheeter on 6 t>ct. 
I /07,nnd oducati'd at thi' Manobualer gnun- 
mitr snbnnl. Iti^ .itudi^ medJmne under Dr. 
Jtichanl Mi*ad,and,aAi>r prnct iaing 84 aeur- 
grtyn at home, went nut an nnre^oii on board 
the Ainiento, a slavb ditp, belonging to the 
Sooth Sea Company. lU Miled to the 
Guinea coaat of Auiea about 1731 , and iIkqca 
to Btienott AyrM, wburu hv full danfceroualr 
ill. The jesuila tbore tpenit>d him with suca 
ho«pitulity and kinduvse that Lu rv^olvvd lo 
cliangi-hin n-ligirtn.-whir-b iititaid lobave haen 
pre^byt^rian, and became a candidati? forad- 
iniiuirin into th>> Hocielv <>f Jir«U!i>. IIh woa 
duty n>n>iv<'d in May 17^:2, and aftoTwards 
nx-nt thirl T-eiffhr yeani as a mLsiiioniiTy, at 
first in rarngiiny and Tucnmnn, and ihen, 
frum 1740, uuoii); tUi' nsiivo tribes nf SoutU 
Ajni'riL'o. between Itio d>> tu Plata ftnd Magel- 
lan'* Siniil, reiidvrini,' cunvpicnouii service to 
his order. Ilia skill in nitdioine and Bnrgory 
and hia kuowk-dgc of tDcchitnin< iiidvd uini 
malnriiiUy in bin lidMtm. In Pam;(\iay he 
VAH lonk(>d upon as n fJalen. In January 
170.'*, on the fximleton of iho jwiuilH from 
South Atnmrn, in- rf'turnMl Mi Knglnnd, and 
fvr a while stayed with friends in Lancaaliirw 
(ind I'Wwheri'. He juimd tlm Kngli^h pm- 
vinco of the Sociucy of Josus about 1771, and 
«ct«d as clmplain BUco^saivelv to Rj)b«rt, 
l{«r1(Dli:y tl'LS 1801) [ii- v.] ai SpeloUey 
I'ark, nrar Wotci>*l«r, to the Ueringtona at 
Winsluyin Flsr'jfordi'htrc. ond tbe rlowdauB 
Hi I'lowdcn Hiili, i?hr;piiLin'. Hu died at 
Plriwden Hiill on ^lU.lnu. 1784. agi-d 77. 

llu Dppc<ar§ to have left till? following woHa 
in iTinniinrripl, but tbi>ir whrrnahoitt^ is un- 
racordod: I. ' Voluniinn duo de Anatomo 
c-iirpin'is hnniani,i}U^]iliirinii sunt pr«tii apud 
artts ncrilos.' 2. ' Ilotnnical, Mint'ral, and 
likeOwervationsontheProJuctHof America,' 
folio, -1 vols. 3. ' A Troatiau oo Ammcan 
Distemper* curvd by Amerioati Drug*).' A 
compilation from his paperfl. made by William 
C'ouibc [(). v.], wae puldiKbcMl at llvr>.-ford in 
1774 (Ito, 144 pogntl, entitli-d 'A Ifcttcrip- 
Iton of Patagonia and the adjoining parte 
of Bouth Ami'ricn, Ac' In th*' opinion of 
the n*v. Jofipjih Ilnringlrtn [q. v.] this work 
would have been 'iin amusinif and interesting 
porformanoc ' if Falkner had born allowi<d to 
tell bis st'try in his ownway, but 'the whole 
spirit of lli>- oriffinal' wa««xtniet«d by tho 
compiler. It fxruui, noreiThaloM, a Taluablo 
nicord'iroljtervalinuhin a hithttHo compam- 
tirely unknown countrjr. A Qennan tbtrioii 



'~ - 



by iCwaltl wns publUluxl in 177^, twol'reiich 
tTOiulationsciim^out in 17H0,Biifl & Spanifii 
on* in 1835. Otbw tmoslations or tbtidg- 
menls Lave appeared in Oennan and Spuu&b 
collwlions of tiBTclfl. 

Pvnnnnl had iteveral ooavvtMlionB witb 
Falkner, and WTotu a paper mititlpd ' Of the 
Patafipniiinn. FotoibcI from tlw IMiilio" of 
FbiIkt Fnlkpncr, a Jraiiir, ,Vc.,' which was 
prini'^d at the jiriTSlfl presa of (ieorgfi Allan 
of l)iirliu);toii in 178H, and rfprintwl in the 
appendix lo I'ennniii'ii * LiiiTary \Me,' i'OR. 

[Olivet's C(.ll*eliiji« «, J, tSiS. p. 8?; Gil- 
low's Bill. DicL of EiiKliidi Othuiioi. 1886, ii. 
224 ; VoUty* iUcwifs ^. J. \f. 4«3, t. BAS. »li. 
243; lEoofor'ti Noiivf<lle Hiog. 04b^I«, ISM. 
xunii. 60 ; Molhairs EogUtJi id South ^Vmerica, 
18(8. pp. 79-86; Ueckw'a Bil>I. dot Ecrirains 
<1» In Coinp. da Jiras, 18M. i. 20* ; lleun'i 
jVlp)uktxitit»l RqpMvr »f Authur^i, 1791, p. \il ; 
MoDtldjr Itev. 1774. It. 409; Tho Moi)lJi.JaDO 
1888, p^ 220; nxtmH* fmtii Mam-.hcs'tflr Church 
rcgiiUvn fornwheU hy Mr. Jwlin Owtc] 

C. W. S. 

FALKNER, WriJJASI, UJ*. (</.16t«), 
divine, recfiived ha education at I'eterbnu**?, 
0(imbridj[p,'wlu'n>ketrrHduHt»d B.A.iiil(!ri2, 
M.A.in ll«fl.and 1>.U in llWO. Onl'.IJulT' 
Itf7l> he was coUal«d bv the IJisbop of Ely to 
tlw.' r('Ctors-ofnicm»ff>rd, Suffolk (.^l■/rf(f.Af& 
iW77,f.S-2St>). II« was aUo lown ureaoher 
at tho chapel of St. Nichohiit, Kinp's Lynn, 
wlicr** hu (Red oa U April 16Si. llv hit* wifo 
KuMn,daughl«rof'nioRiHa Greene, tnerchanr 
mi aldemuin of ]<rnn (who died on SO Atit;. 
IflflO^ be had iieveriil childrvn. 

He was n man of cxtcnHirc hwming, und a 
wtaunch c]tMin[itr>ii nf thi-dinrchuf Kn^laiid. 
HiswArknare; 1. ' Liherta!>Eci-lpjtiaAiira,OT 
a Dificuunv vindicating thi' Lawfulnust of 
lhniit-thinKMwhidtan-chit-llyi-ti'4-|il4>(la^rnin«l 
in thn Church of England.' 2nd edit. I»nd. 
lll"4. Hvn; 3rd pdit. liJ77 ; 4ih edit 111(43. 
2, 'Cliristian l/oyBhy; oradi»courst'whi>Tcin 
is aRwrted the jtiiit royal nuthorily and emi- 
nency which in iJiis I'hiir^'h and Itcalni of 
Ennland ih yielded to the Kinjt, Totiother 
with the diMlniEaing nil fon?ign juriadiclion, 
and tho uohiwfulnvuof 8iil>jtxU« tnkiitK aruiK 
flirainiit Ibe Kin^,' London, 11179, Hvo: 'Jad 
edit. HJ84. 3. 'A Vindication of the I.itur- 
ffip*, flirwinftllii' I.Awfiilnf*ji, I'tn'fiilniiv.nnd 
Antiijuity m perfonninf; the public wonhin 
of Ood by set fonus of praypr,' l,ondon, llWO. 
8to- Thi* was in reply to John CoUincM* 
* Keasouabtr- Accoiinl why miofi piouii Non- 
eonforminf; Ministcra in K upland judge it oin- 
ful forthftn (o prrfonn thdr miuietvrial act<t 
ID puhlick solemn prayer, by tlie preacrilwd 
fonoea of uthorit.' Collin(;c« published a n^- 
joiadar to Falkner'a n-ply in Itol. 4. *Twu 



IVeatiaea. Tho Itnt conoeniinB RepToacbiflg' 
and Cetuurw. Tlw imound, an Ajun'cr to 
Mr. Seiieant'a Sunvfooiing. To which am 
anneaod throe Pennons pivacbed oa eavenl 
occaniono, and ■very n»Mid for tliMe timc«,' 
2 parts, London, 16^ 4to. Prefixed ia the 
ni I thor'a port mil, en graved byJ.Slurt. 'n»«i« 
po6tliuaii)UR trcatiKwi were cdi(«d and dr^- 
caled to the Arcbbishoj) of Canterlmnr liy 
William Shorlock, who iuiy.4 that to Falancr 
liti owL-d all tho knuwledgv hu poeMasod. 

[Adilit. MH. 6S89. r lA; M«ckin*U')t Hiat. of 
Kiii|!'a Lrat). p. 135; Qnujeur'E Biog, RitL if 
England(l82l).r.49;S7ltratcr'HLifrof BaxtoT. 
ill. 108; Oat. of Printed Bodu in Brit. Mas.; 
Cam«brisiMiH«On(diiati(1787}, p. 139.1 '^- ^ 

FALLE, PirrUP (lUStt-iy^a), lusto- 
riiin of Jvrvry, watt boni in tlus pariak nf Su 
t^viour in Ji-raey in 1(>66, nf a good yeoinau 
Stock. The uamu occurs in local records as 
farluu'U as l.mi. Iln wan Ihf- •■Idmt of four 
bmthe.ra, two nf whom were killed in battle, 
bod one, as a rvward for service in the navy, 
wun appoint^ lir^ licuU-nant of thi- Hamp- 
ton Court. Sent to Koglaud at avert' early 
«ge,liewaA(.'ducaIed,tir6t at a school kept by IL 
Tranxvl vniiian in (treat QriitiH St nnit, l<undoa. 
anilttrternariL-. hy one Mr.IJHlj^aroout Oxford, 
In th<- winter of I liOD he wa:^ entered al Kxutor 
Coll^'K'-', wlierrbiiiL tutor wim Dr. Manli, aft^-r- 
wards archbishop of 1>iiblin; and on Marali 
becomine principal of .Vlbtin Hall, t'nlle nii- 
ffr)>tMthiini'r,aitdtlit>r('}midnAtedM.A.lii76, 
lie was ordained deacon oy Italiib BriJi'oake, 
bit)hi:ip of Chiclwdtcr, in the fotlowiiiL' yi-*r, 
and priest in Ifi'O by Dr. Carleton, wuci had 
BUi^ce«ded to the see. In 17^i he wiii> pre- 
«nt^d bj- Kir John l^nier, then povcmor of 
.lirmev.tu the living of Tnnitypari»li in that 
isUnJ. The stipend was only aome 4(V. jwr 
auniuu: but FaIlobadinLariteda8miiilu<Jtat« 
lirtheik-athof hi* fathiT. Heiilwo uuderlr 
the care of the garrison, which wae th'in will 
out s chaplain. In US'*? I.onl Jflrmj-n, wlii> 
bad «ic(VH>diiI l.anittr in tho gf>vorTiinem,lo.ik 
Falle bnck toKnglnnd aetntor tohisnnty Honi 
and in that occupation hprrmain<-d nil ihroiifrll 
■ he revolution, Itvinff for the inont part at 
Kviskni'jk, i^rd .lermvn's country seat, near 

Bury :<l. E^lmunds. 'in ]U«» b^ '■■ 1 

In Ji-rocy. and wii» (ran-^lali^ lo " 
ofhis native parish of St.Savi<iiir. .'»;.,..,,., 
the battle of Iji ilopie had V""H founht, nr 
tllr French navy, no longer alile to Uw-p 
aether as sgnintt that of Knt;lnnd, beci 
dispcr*«<l, and hi^rhlv fomiidnlil« in cruti 
mill mariliiw! depre'lations. The States < 
Jeroev, to which I'atle belon^e*] ct (i/ftcio, luu 
alam, and rewlved to make a 8trott|f pcnmi: 
.api>wil to William in to beap««k hi« pr ' 



Unn. Tnkiny wiib him Mr. IKin,-lI. tlie ad- 
vi)c«lL-<)0^tier&l of tile i&likiid. Faile proct'tdL-d 

(ti F<.'b. Ul^; to WAlt Ul'OU bi» IDBJCM)' «l 

Ki-iwitiKlon Aid»l by jHtnivn, ftm! favour- 

alilyrtf-'^iv'-d 1)y tlii'act>)niplie)ii.-dI>orw.'t, tht> 

(ItOcvaU'Ji hmitiiiMfl to jKJint mil (in tlio wordu 

of the (uMrrss, dnifti>d. it i« said, bv F«IleJ 

'the mischvef nnd dAiitrcr threatcniaftyoiir 

rvttlin» ■hiMilit tll(^ Krcncli IwcninA nuutms nf 

tliu luid t he ndjaJDini; t.nlaiidR.' Ttifl commit 

sonerfMwin to havel'av<>iirablyimpreMedtli« 

aoreniimand ih<M« iVpari nxriM oirhc public 

Mcvior Wfore wliich ihey were miccessively 

MrmitT«d to Apjk^'ar. Not content, with ihiit, 

raUOito Arongtliiii hit ciuto with lliu public. 

iHiolvod to pra&ce a brief histnricnl work 

Betting fort li the pulscrvicof nuJ futurvpfM- 

Bibilitif-niif .I>T«--y. 'Hrn* tli'-n/hr Kayn.'ftii 

boawt Eciil tVtr my native couditt suir^ted 

ftlw> U)uuf(Iit of doiriK s/inietliini; tlint mi^ht 

' piKie ns in a. niw )ii;1n, mniove pn'judi<^>'H, 

nnd r*ciiiy inifla|irr'"h'?nfiion». For, though 

w« Btond secure of niA MAJestyV fnvouriiDdof 

I- tbB good opinion of tliv couri, it uM>m«d very 

T dettinbte to tuive the body of the iintion come 

tnio thp MU&u Kntiinontit, and nut hv tincon- 

ciratilHt what Mould liwmnoitf ii»,' TliMfinit 

'AccoHtii of JpTBey'apprared in 16!)4, in which 

%p*x thi' Kilt hnr WAS Bp)Kiintt>c1 Hiniilniii tot ho 

Itinii, nnd in i.hAt canacifv pn<«chM a iKmnon 

upon tiiiwn Marys deiili {Ht Upc. lUtW). 

About ihft iwmfl linw- KbIIc odin-il n hiMonr 

of tlie campai^ of linden by his friend and 

I c«llp>a|^r tnc ItfV. Mr. KnnroivTii', n«lor of 

8t. Hrvlailr. In Juntiary 1700 I-'jiUd boeame 

I ■ (■rtilM>ndarv'>f Iliirliutu. In l7UUbere«igiied 

huJrrmy rw'lor»hi]), having; biwn collated to 

'Iho valuftblv iM-nfliiVf iirsht-ulcy, noarBarnfft. 

InliHShecdnlribiilt'daiiaWfiuntof theChan- 

' n«l Islnnds to I{iEhi>p Gibsou's Inuislntion uf 

Oamdi'n'n ' Hritatiniu,' utd in 17-14 bnm^hl 

[out an I'Spandfd tdition of his ' History of 

iJvrMtv' In 17S*i iir- prmi^ted to his ffllow- 

Waii')-t.- hi* ronrciir>n of booltft. IVinjT 

tly Bii^[inpnt«id bv a aintilar act. of 

nil the part of Canon Duman-flq 

■ <</. lnt>'j), lhi> benefaction ha!> iTTitdunlly tla- 

[vfhiprd iulo a hiiv'i* librar}', for vhii^b thf^ 

jl^tam haw pr)vid<^d a suitablu building in 

I the town of St. IlelitT. Til.- librarv i« free 

ofaixfi^s williiml Hiilrw-ripti'iri or other pny- 

ttiani. F«II« diivl ni Shtttili.y, 7 .Ifny 1 142, 

irinfT never mfirriwl. His principal work 

ba^'-il nil niuit^nnUdprived from hie friend 

biit l-'alli?-Cnn»')t he fftiHy fnm- 

' iho nsn made of the loalter vhicli 

; r ', Hie dlvle, iniloed, is 

riiHD;but htAnarTntivt'i»> 

.; . .. .I'lliiiia. nnrdivK hi'iilnayt 

ion imjwrtant '!Miiil#,evetiwh>'nhi'mus( 

luiown of thr-in Crura vyo-witnetww. 



Falie publiehvKl n fww eertnons, and ' Aecount 
of the Islo of JerMy, the (fre«l6Mt of tbaae 
Ulniidii (liat are now the only i>>ai£iDder of 
the Knu'liah Dominiona in France, with & 
new and lu^umtc map of that lalund,' 1094. 
[Wnod'i Alhi.-nv(BliM). ir. dOt : Le Nera's 
FiiAtt, iii. SOI; Life by V- Ihiretl prcRx«d M 
Ar-connt of tbo InU of Ji)r>«y, IS37; enmma* 
bicatioiw fmni B. "M. Godfray of Rmut OolL 
OxfonI, nq., HHil from tlin Rot. Henry J. Ketr- 
como. Aleo Douzi^uin BnUeiia uf tho SociM 
JemUK. St. [lelii-r. 1K87.] U. G. K. 

FALLOWS, TKAUON (I789-l»yi), as- 
tronomer, was bniit at Cockeinnoiith inCun>- 
licrlaud on 4 .luly ITHt*. llrousht up to hi* 
fttttn-r'n tniiJt? of weavingr, he devotM from 
childliood t'Vl'r^' sparu moment to Etudy.aiid 
a Rinth'imklii'nl Iviok w».'> hi* (Xiniitaiit rom- 
panion at the loom. The Rev. 11. A. Her- 
vey, virar of RridekJrk, to whrnn hin fnth'^r 
acttxl ns pnrvsJi cK-rk, nblainod htn appoint- 
ment as aMistant lo Mr. Temple, lK>ad-master 
of Plumbland school. After TrmplfV death 
in 1806 he wa^ enabled, by tliu patruou^ of 
iiomegentlemenoffortune, to entiT St. John's 
Collect', Camhrid^t*, whence hv |!;nihiuted as 
thini wrangler in IHl.'t.SirJ. Hursehel [q. v.] 
hrin^ first, rii' held n mnthLmatical leciure- 
eliii> in C'orpop" Chrijitt Unllnffii fur two VMtm, 
and wa» then elert<^ to a fellowship in St. 
John's, lie prf>ceeded M.A. in MUi. 

On i(i Oft, Ifiit^l he wnt* niadft dirprtor of 
an o&ironoimcal obwrTalorr, eetablisbvd b^ 
n rosoliitlou of tbo cominiis*ii>nr-rs of longi- 
tud<.i &l lh>- ('«Mi uf (jood Hope. He aaijeil 
on 4 B(«y 18J1, accompanied by hLs newly 
married wlfu, tho oldest daughter of Mr.Hc^* 
vi;v, htn fiiniHT patron, (hi Inudinu hr- choM 
B site within liire." mik-A of Cape Town, pre- 
lunxl planii for thf fiitun? obsL-rvatory. and 
Ex-giin til eotiiiiniri nni[.p[in.ixiinati)ralalofpte 
of the chief aoiithmi stars with th« aid of a 
diminulivv transit, by IlolJoiid, awl an indif- 
forcnt nltaximiith by Kamuli'n. 'I1h! n'ltults 
were pre*e»ted tot he l!oval Society on 'iBPeb. 
l'*2l ns '.V Catalopiic of nearly all the Prin- 
cipal lMXt\l Stamli'lwwn (he reiiithofCapo 
Town, Tape of Good Hone, and ihe Sloutb 
I'olc. n.-ducvd to the ht of Jan. lt(:.'4 ' (/'AiV. 
rrnn*. exiv. 4ri7). Thi- collectiim includea 
273 Bton, ih>- original ubftenatioas of wbldi 
aw pp,»«i-rvei| at Orecnwich, 

In July 1^''34 Fallowii liad to diamisa his 
nRsislani, and was left alone until Documbar 
)f'Jl\, when Cflptiiin Iton^darrir^ fMmRnff- 
lajid^hnii^iiig with him tliepermauenl iiutru- 
uieiit« aud the ollieial sanct ion of his df«i|^na 
for th(> obeerx'slory. Th« work wax now at 
oiiO) bi*i;ni"> Fallows tiring in a tent on the 
•pot. Thfi itistrnmentii were fixed in their 
places early in 181». Tbv transit by DoUood 



Fallows 



17* 



Fancourt 



{iTftv<xl tatUtactnrr, hut thp Hftfecta of the 
muml circle occasioQed Fallows bittvrdimiH 
pointment. TlicdqArtureof Cftptain Ronnld 
loOctoberl&WwasKKTere blow, and but for 
llir devotion of i{n. FaltowD. who qUAliBiKl 
licraelf lo iict tuf his awtnuit, bv would liave 
been forced lodiKoutinue liia ohaervat ioiw. 
Hi«OWT] hfislt h had bouu shaken hy n Miiut nike 
»ot>n afler his Arrival, and waa liually wrecked 
by a cLiHgcniuit Aitack of acarlatiaa in the 
middk' uf 11*30. Inciirablu dru|)»y tut in, hut 
he *lill Mrtiggii'd lo jji^rfunn his duticH, and 
diiriiiK llie early jrart of 1831 wns carried 
ditilv in a ltlunk«>t from his nicli-riHim li> th^ 
ol)^'niiinry. Tviwnnls th*" mul of March lia 
\c%n removed lo .Simon"* Itnv, when-- be died 
on:i-».TiilTlN'i!, .\ ^lab o'f bhkck Hohbeu- 
island eiono marks his grovw (ippo»ile th« 
ohscn-atory. He wua elected n fellow of tbe 
Koval Siwic'ly in 1823. 

Fallowfl's »i'teQt iS(! attatnmenta were made 
aoro eflt-eUTc by the seal, honesty, mid cletvr 
gnoil *•-»»•! of hill cliAracti'r. LuLlor^ iililt 
exist at the admiralty in which ho urged 
this pnyinenl to his father of m portion of liiit 
Hnlnry nf litKV, f?cvoral chihlivn wpre bora 
to hiiu al ihc Cupe, hut nun<! survived kim. 
He lef^ UL-nrly lour thouMind ottwrvniionA, 
which wiTi- rfduci-d under iho supervision of 
Sir Georgp Airy, and [)ubUshed ot the cx- 
peiutD of UiD aJmirftliy u *K(«ulu of tli« 
OhiwrTiitiiinii inadii hy llie Il«»v. Fearon Fal- 
lows al the Roynl Ofa-er^-nlorr. Capt* of Good 
Ho|M',inlln" y<.'Jir« IS29-!)!.' Tlirtv funn part 
of the ninetei>nth vnluma of the Royal As- 
tronomicul Socii<t.y'B ' Mijmoiri",' umi im-Indrt 
a oniftlo(fue of -liifi slurs, bwides ob*wrvntions 
on the nun, moon, planets, nnd the coraot of 
1B3(> An iiccoimt of « curioim hirainoux nt*. 
|)eaninc<t seen by him on 2J< X»v. IS2I in the 
naiiis dark part of the moon where similar 
effort)! had previously boen wittie**«l by 
others, waji laid before the Iloval Society on 
28 Feb. \H->-> {PAH. Tran/. cxii. 237 >, and 
tiift 'Ob<<>'r\ft[ion8 mado with lh« Invuriahle 
Pendiiiuro for the rmri»o«' of IWi-rnjininu 
theCompmasionoftueKurlh'on 18 Feb. 1830 
(ii^. cxx. Ifh*!}. Th'< "Uiiitiritv ibslticml waH 
=~j. In the ' Qtiarlerly .loumnl of Science " 
he published ' An .Account of some I'nrheliB 
Keen ar the C^ipc nf Good Ilopf ' fxvi. 3tlA, 
1833^ and 'An Fify Methot! of f'omnarin^ 
th« Time indicated hy nnv number of Chro- 
nomctera with the given riinv nl a ctTtain 
atation ' (xvii. liU), lft»4). 

|Monthty Noliw*. ii, IftS; Airr'a HtNlorical 
Inl rodnctiou to Fallow*'* Re9uIU.Mfinoir»Ri»)r. 
A*tron. S/if , xiT, 1 ; Proi". Iliiy. S'*. ill. H2 , Gent. 
3Ih|{. toI. ci.pt. II. p.STSi Andr^ t* Rayrl's 
UAtttotMiai* Pratique. 11^64 ;Loi|)idale'vWi)Tf)iW 
orCiimt>arlaDd, v. ]«].] A. M. C. 



It- ^ 
ilia i 




FALMOUTH, ViMWCjrr. [See Bo«CA- 
WKx, UinH, tin.t Vl«■n^^rr,rf. I7>M.] 

FALMOtTTH, Earl op. {Sets Dohca- 
WEX, EnwAKD. i;87-lfMI, Brat K*ai..] 

FANCODRT, SA.MUKL (1Q78-I7ft8l_ 
diaiMntiaff miniMer audprojectorof circiitat- 
inglibnnfiisia8ntdtohftTeb«ena[uitiveoftlia_ 
wmt of England. Une of ' the four Ijoitdol ~ 
ministers' of 1719 waa his tutor, and anothe 
hia prvdocvseor at the olice from which til 
O'inoved to Salijibury (I'r'^f'"'^ ''* his /Jiwi^ 
eonetninff V^rlaintff andltt/nllibUity), Thi 
probably indicalt-i th.it he u-hr Iminii! foe 
th<; mini.ilry by H<^njaniin Itohiikwu at Hui 
gerford, and succef^defl .Teremiah 8mith 
paMor ut Andover (Wa'-tb" "Wiij^os, 
fvrtf Iff Jiisteniini/ OAwrcAw atid MMtin^ 
ktitue^ in Landon, i. 37fi, iii. fi8). Fmrn 17 
to 1790 he waa outiiiiter and lator in .Sal i 
bury, (hi llie oocnsion of the confrovcr 
which arose in cim(»t|uence of Ui« pr 
inpt at ih>' Knilers' llnll conference of 
don ministers in February 1719, he ■wrolo 
[WO Tracts on tlie side of the d<>^innli»t«. 
Somi; years lal«r he tnToIrc-<l hiroivir in a 
controversy about free-will and prede-tina- 
lion, which eventuallv fc^uluyl In his having 
lo leave Sidifburi'. lie went 10 London and 
therv established what was said, about forty 
yeara afti-rward*. to Iiavw bi-en llw.* Kmi cir- 
culnlin)^ llbmrv. A Ubrarv conducl"d by 
hitn, in winch the sulK«;riplion wu« a i^uinca 

r«T Hiiuiim, wuji dinBolvxd al Michaelmas 
7-IA, and he then carried nut s new plan. 
This ptsn is described in the ' Alpluilwlicnl 
Ctttalfii^ii* iif Itijokit and Pamphlets bi'long- 
iiiff to the Circulating Libniry in Cmne 
Court' (Meet Street), 2 vols. ftvo. 1748, 
which hi? issue] in part* beiwveu 17 HI and 
17*8. According lo this scheme for 'The 
Gentlemen and Ladies' Orowinp and Cir- 
culutiji^' Library.' any one might hwoiat? a 
proprietor by an initial jwvment of a guinea 
and a ([uarierly payment of a shilling. Thv 
proprirtomwvre to choose tni.ilee*. in whum 
ihc library was to be \'flt'ted, Footoun him- 
self being BptHiinled librtirinn during g<M>d 
bt-lmvioiir, fjich pmpriel<>r was to Iw al- 
lowed to take out une vidume and nt)9 
patuphlet at a time. ' lli! may k<^p th«in a 
rvuHTiiuble time according lo their bigrifssi 
but d' lliey are not wanted by otbcrK he mi 
keep lliem as long ns he ba0 a mind.' Tl 
libniPv contained two or ihiea ihoiis 
bounil volumes and about the aamo numt 
t>f pamphlets: frcnn u thinl lo a half of 1 
hooks and pamphlets conaisteil of lhi><i|r 
and iM^^leeiastical history nnd vontmvrr _ 
and only about a tenth of it waa * lighj 
literature. The bouse In Cnue Ooiirt 



vtiieb It VIM i>\aci-A wn.i dose In ihf! qufir- 

ttfif of Ihttllovol Society. anil eitlwrit cirtli* 

buiueuext to W. wan (^vi-ntiinllv Iftkt'n l>y titivt 

WKUty for ftii i-nlargi'moiii of ils own library. 

I>r. Cromwell Mortimer, aMou'l sccrctarr to 

Uiti Horinty, wM ft pen'utvnl vnen^.of iliu 

ctffuUtinK Ulirary till bid ili>atli in 1(>5£. 

At. Aomo period later tlino 17r>5 b'aniwurt 

left Cnini' Court, uml. mfUn anvetHl <^tuiiig«i, 

iDO«i:(l hi* librnn' In ' tb« comer of one of 

tbf ftlivcu in tlie Stntnd,' when bis various 

jcbcin" finnlly broko tiown. The library 

v&i tttticn by itif- nreditorK, and lie retired tu 

lio^f'U Sipare, whero Ik? wad •iipixjrtt^l by 

Mini- of titc di»vntin^ miiii^ti-n, till he died 

at tbOBK« of ninety, on (* Junel7tS8. In tlin 

Oan* (>ourt library catftlo;^ui« hp offered for 

twelve ^iiiiicafi 10 l«ach ' anv odq of a cotn- 

tttrtn caiWitj and diligence' xo rood, write, 

Biul s]tf flk Latin witli Buencv in a yoar, by 

l>i*iit|; iluTB fivn or nx boun tuition a wmk. 

1h« {^UnwiTig iH a list ofFancourtV various 

WritioiT^ wbicli nn> nil, rxcppl: tlm ninth, 

ieTtot«J wilb loni t.illea and i'\lrari^ in 

iCrane Court CataP'gue (vol. i, jMimplilvt*, 

TS. n. -24. 'JT, ltit*-70}: 1. 'S-^rmon nt rhe 

Kunt-ral of Mr. John Teny,' 17iO. 2. ' K»- 

aay rnncoming C«rt*iDtr and Inrnllibility, 

I or RiiAMtioiic on "Tlir Nniurc and C^iiise- 

qiMiUMtof KnlhuMaAni,"' ITi'O. H. ' Llnthu- 

austn Retorted, or lUanarifH on Mr.M-iri^a'a 

Soeond IjotU-r to tli* Fuurl.»»iii>n Mini*t«?rB,' 

iryj, 4. ' OreftlBMfl of the Divine Lovi-/ a 

oenuun. 6. 'OnstneM of Ibo l)ivin« l.^)ve 

VindicatwJ,' 2nd edit. 17*27. H. •Appondix 

lo Hit "OrealaewB Sic, Vindicotml/ 1729. 

7. * l^auy foniNXTiing Litnrty, Oraoe, and 

FrcfcienMr,' I7i*S.'. ». 'Apology, or Letter 

lo a Krivod Mtlinfi forth tbe occa*ion, Ac, 

of the IV-«cTit Controrcrey' {1»'t.w«H'n Knn- 

court and M'Oiir*. illiit.') anil N'orman), £nd 

»dil. 17:10. y. 'WbAt will bo mu«t bfi, or 

FutuK cant Lap.' nciea no cOIlLiR(J^■lloie(, in a 

IWIrr In the Rev, John Nonnaii,' Salisbury, 

1730. 10. • Appcii6i» lo a Loiter lo the 

]t«T. M r. Norman.' .'trd •••lit. 1 IS-J. II.' Oreat- 

■twa of iW l>ivini' I^v*- further Vindii:atod 

in lldply to Mr. Miliar'* " Pnm>ii>W» nf the 

IlnfrmwdCh iirchti*,*' ' 1 7fl2. 1 -2. ■ Free .Vmacy 

of A'XViiiiitableCreatiirf>A,' l7-'^t. 1.1. ' Nntun.' 

and Kxpf^icncy of the Oretp*! Itcvelation 

and iifn I'ublicMiiitstry,' a«t-nDon wilb a|H 

Mtulie'^s, 173U. 11. ' L'liioii and ^enl ntiiDiiK 

IVolvatant!,' ifnd tain. IT-l'i. l'>. ' Season - 

ablv I>iac<iarac on a iilariiih l''earof Man and 

allolyTnisi in Tuid, ^iiiit-d lo the AlaniiH 

and l>aiijr<*r of thii rri»«tnt TiuM>.' Itl. ' Na- 

luni and Adinninj^fr of n ftoo^l Fdncntion, ■ 

Scnivn nrencbpd id St. Tltomap's, for tha 

hrni-til of tbniTbirity School in U ravel Lane, 

ilouthwuli,' 1710. 




(Oeiit. Muff. vol. lir. pi. t. pp. 273, 27». ii. ftH, 
ir. :)«S; Calaniy'a Life, ii. 438: Uto <Ute 'i\cw 
SHniin, March 10, 1730,' aL Lhu vixl of tbo pr»- 
fnct to Wbal vill be must ha; iJio Ciano Conit- 
Catali>gae, i. 1. 2. 13. -11; manuKript nou of 
th* payaiaut of )/. it. for a ulinrv in 'tbunr- 
cnlatinfT library in CrauaCoturt' io AaRnBt I7i4. 
and it. 6d. ' f»r qiurtrrid^ to Jiiaairy i7&&' 
irrittrn on Uic fly-lcnf of vol. ii. of tbc Loixloo 
Liltmi^ copy of iha Cntnloduf ; Aan. Ita^. voL 
s). i-t.i.p.131: UodleiaiiLibmry Uit.of PhnlMl 
itooi^] E. C->. 

FANE, Sir Fr:.\NCLS (J. l(W9?),drtt- 
matisi, was the «Idfiit eon of ijir tranci* 
Fano. K.B., F.n.S,.of FuIbMk.Lincolnahire, 
aud A.iton, yrirk<hir>^'. third, but second eur- 
vivinK, son of Francis Fane, flr*t earl of 
Wv^tmorliind ^s-wundtT Fanl'.SiuTiiojias], 
by Eliiabr'Ih, widow of John, lorxi I>arry,nna 
eldi.'<>t daughlt-r of William West of Firbect, 
Viirkuliin'. Sir Fronric Fan>.' the elderdied in 
IttSl, and woR buried in th«! rhanrvl of Artnn 
Ghtirch, tnjjetherwilh bis wife, wlio had died 
Wforf him (will n-jfistorwl in V.C.C. 91, 
NoTtlil. His »on we» cn^ted a K.U. at tiM 
ooroDtitionof CFiarlos II (Le \b\~c, /Vifii^ivM* 
(/ ?Ae KniffMt*. Hatl. Soc. p. 7^. 

During the latter part of (tix tiff hi- ri«idiH) 
on Ills Mtnti; nt Hrnbur-Tf Glotii-eflien^birff 
where he died {PnJiatr. Ad Rvtk; P. C. C, 
ItlUl), He marrird }Iannah, dsitf^hter of 
Jfihn Hu^hworth [h, v.], by whom he left 
iiwiip. In his will { P. C. (\ 1*37, \Vrr-), datt^d 
U Nov. Ilt«i9, and proved i:^ S«pl. lf»l, be 
requests hi.ii wif«, whom he appoints sole 
executrix, ' to pay ffburiy poumU m ibd 
poorcof t he pariah of Olveat on, ill the count V 
of Olouwitier, h«ing in full and mora of tha 
fhne.i at auv time learii.^ by uv on tho 
l^ualEera without a full dcduceon of t-barg<vt- 
in k-avyinff tb^in, ihv Infunnt-'ra parte not 
defraying the ChaMfea.* He ia llu> niithnr of: 
1. 'Ix>vt.-inth(;'l>arK: uriheManof BuMnesa. 
ACoMM-dy ' (in live act*, inprmtpand rerae), 
acted nt the llientre Itnval, -Ito, London, 
167r> ((iRWKai, Ifut. f/tiif Stag^. i. 173-l>, 
In dedicalinji llie i)lay to tho Earl of lio- 
cheet^T, Fane obferves : ' I ntrver rvl um from 
your lordxhipn mo»t fharuiin); and instruc- 
tive oouveniation, but I uiii iu^pir'd with a 
now gvnitu andimnrov'din all llioiteticienRiv 
I vvvr cuTL-t«tl lh>.> KHuwIudirc of: I find my 
wdf uol only a better l>oi't, n In-ttiT pbiloko. 
pber, but, much more than these, a hetu>r 
Chrixtiiin, «o ihal, I h<iif>, T obnll Iw oblie'd 
to your Inrtlfihip, not only for my reputation 
in 1 bis world, but my future hajipjnctia in tho 
n*xt.' "2. A MaM)iu-, 'KTitleii at i(udi«ler'a 
miueat for his alteration of Kcnumont uul 
Metcher'n ' Valentininn/und priulMl iiiTata'* 
' Pouou by wvcmi Uanda,' 8vo, I^ondon, IdSK 



§1.17). 8, 'The Sacrifice. ATrtpwIy' (in 
re act*, and in wi»v), 4U), l^mdon, 1086; 
Srd MiilioD, 1B87. It woa never acted ; iho 
aullior, BB he ioToniu tlie Earl of Dor*»t in 
the drdicAtion, 'bftvinff long »incf< dnrntAd 
UimaclftOficnuntrylife, and want inffpntiencp 
to Btt«iid ttic lci<un; of tlio Mti^.' I'fine'it 
plft;^ are not wlrally doMiCute of ment. 

ICallinii's PecTaKo IKrydgm). n\. 300, 301-2 ; 
lM:«r'6 RiDff. Dmm. (R«c<l ana JcDra). L 323-«. 
ti. 88fU9, ill. I'B, 236.] G. G. 

FANE, Silt HENRY C177S-1940), (feoe- 
rnl, wfti* till? dilMKt iKin nf thr Ilim. Ili^rirv 
Fftii*', M.P. for Lyme lie^a in Uorsetshirp 
from 1768 to 17Wt, ' kwii^-r of tlio Icing's 

Srivm* rofldfl. i^trK, and bridges, and cnii- 
uctor or K'uide of llie king's person id ftll 
royal proprPMOj,' who was t lio e(*ond son of 
Tliooius vightii «arl of Wvtluiorland. He 
■vrtA born on LtS Xov. 1778. and cntcrod the 
army as a tKtmct iu (liu Otii itnKDUii t!uan]»i 
Ot caraUnt^ers, nn S\ Mny 17!ll'. lit; was 
pramoted Ucut<'nij.ii:^ into the 'I'lXh rfffimciit 
on 29 Sept. 179^, nml i?«|itniii on -i Ai>nl 
1793, and he exchanftiHl wtth llmr mnlc iuto 
ibe i t h dra^(oon ffuarus on 31 Aug. 1 7 93. He 
Krvitl M nidtMlc-eamp lo hi* uncle, the 
t«n(Ii Earl of WeMmorland, uheii vioerov 
of Inland, in \7\)^ and 1794. When West- 
morluiid retired, Fane rel-unied to his rc^i- 
menl, and vras [iroinoted major on '2i Aug. 
17Qo, and Ui'iikiianl-coloiiul on 1 Jan. 1 707. 
In (Lit (nvvious \f3iT lie had succewdwl hU 
father as M.P. for Lyme Hvg'u, tht-n a clo«! 
borough in t-hij nrwwMi'in nf tbr" WHslnitir- 
land family, lie rec«iTed the lit-iili!niint- 
oolonelcy of the 1st or litngV ilni^jo"'" Kuiwd» 
on "iTt lA*. IKH.nnd on 1 Jan. llWiwa.'i ap- 
point«d aidi^-d^'-camp to llie king with Ilia 
rank of cwlonel. Though Ttnv had wp Ut this 
time wen no actt%'e ««rviop., he wna nevcnlie- 
Ii*S dirw'twllo join tho Btnff of .Major- ji«?neral 
Sir Arthur Wollwlcy at Corli in Jiin*> 1808, 
with the rank of lirijiadier-geueral. When 
iho <-x]ieilition landc^l iit the month of the 
Mnndt'jfo, Funv, m thu youn^iwt aud inoit 
aclivti of th« Kiigiiiih (generals, rceeivi-d ilm 
oolDmaiid of lUv tiffbl brigade, coiisUtinif of 
the iilKh nifrimcinl and th» ti>;lit conipaiiicn 
of all thtf nThi>r reffixientfi attacbM to the 
«xpeditinn. He l«u the advance,and at the 
h&ttic of Ttolt^ he first maintained ihif con- 
nection of the ointre with General Fer^'usou, 
and Llian surct-Mfullv turned Cenornl La- 
bunlvV riffht with hui light troops by ad- 
viincinif ali>iig a imiuiilain road in conjunc- 
tion with Fertfiisnn'A brigadi!. This operation 
<h't<rnninwl th« Kn-nch to n-trBiil. At lln- 
battle of ^'iraei^') hifl briffadc, with that of 
AiutTutbvr, held tho vdbgv diurch and 



chunthyard aninat tlie first three furious oa- 
alauffhlx of Junot's inK^. Af^er the oon- 
TBOtion of Ointra he waa transferred by Sir 
Jolin Moore to the command of tht- 2nd in- 
iantry brigade in Mnckonzi*; Fru.*«T'*diviaion, 
eoneifiting of the 3i^lb, r^^Jnd, and 79(h n'^- 
mcnt4(, and witli tbia brigade hu B(.T\fd in 
Sir John MoonVa advajicn into Spain, in lua 
famous ivtT«>Bt, and in lb« buttlt; of Ciirunna. 
Da Fane'sn-lum to EnKland he rw«vwUbi> 
tbanlu of purliauieut in his place ititheUoose 
ofComuona,wh«rehe.«till Ml for Lyme Urgw, 
and h« eovedy prweed to bi> again artivoK f n- 
plovMl. In tlii> iiprinj^ of IHOO be wnji auain 
ordered to the Peuin.iula, with the mnk of 
iM-igndier-ffeiwral. He wna placed, aa on old 
caTolry onioer, ^n oommana of one of Sir 
.\rthur Welie«leyV three cavalry brij;Bdi-8, 
con^istin^ of thf Ard dmffoon guards and the 
4th dragoons. Tbi« brigadi-, m» it cooetsted 
of heavy Mvalry, took no such distiaaiiiohcd 
part in th«> ba'ttia of Talaven as Anwn'a 
light brigade, biitit did good aerricethmuifh- 
out the camtuignA of 1600 and 1610. On 
y.'i July ISIO Pane waa promoted tnajor- 
pencral^ and as the accnnd cavalry g-'ucnil 
in urdw of seniority he waa in l8l 1 detached 
from the main amytoeommond tbemvalry 
with UiUVcorp in tho Alemtejo, which eon- 
sisted of Uie f^th light dragoons aud four 
regiment* of Portuguese dragoons. With 
Ihta command he covered Ilitl'a operations, 
and aecompunied hia I'orps to the main amy, 
which it rMacbnd in liiui* to 1>^ pnwntt nt 
the battle of Busaco, where, however, none 
of the rjivalrv \vtv i-ngngcd. In the »iih*e- 
iiuent retreat to the line« of Tom-* Vealras 
t1i« MTvicpo of ihu cavalry under Sir 8tnple- 
ton Cotton and Ili'iiry Fan*' wi.ro m-wl lulu- 
ablu. but the fu(i|i;u>^ of thta trying (uim[)«ign 
wen.' |i>o much for Faau'a health, and hv was 
iuvnlidcd home. Hn thus mUsed the im- 
portant battles of 1812, but in 1813, to the 
KHtisfaction of both Lord WcUin^ou and Sir 
Itowlend Hill, Fane rejoined tlii; array in the 
Peninaula. He was again appoint^?*! lo llie 
cuiumaudof uU the cavalry ultachud to Hill's 
corps, natui^lv, a briji^iidu of I(riti»li cavalry, 
coiuuiting of the 3rd dru(r<ion guanlf. the 
nival*, and llii? l.'^Ui light <f[a^'rHinj<,<>iieregi- 
ment of port Hguette dragoons, and Kt:iairs t mop 
of royal boTfe artillery. With thin command 
be headiid Ihc advance of the right of the 
Uritidh army from their winter quarters nt 
l'reiiada,dcfi-atL-d the Fr^ncb general Villnlta 
iu a Hmnrt cavalry engagemcuE on 2ti Mar, 
which aueured the aafe pasaagn of tho forO* 
of thu Tonne*, nndwaa prem'nt at Ihe bnltla 
of Vittoria. Unringthe wiul m-j»iipnign of 
lSlS-14 the r»valrvwa«hanlly>?raplr)y(td at 
all, but when Wellington determined to in- 



4 



I 

I 

4 



p 



p 



TBile rr*nco, r'AHfc once more tnnk his plftCR 
ill ftfiiit of IliU's eoqis upon the right of iliu 
itrraT. Ht-WAsciigairt-din imninu-nblo little 
rinrmishu during- the ttilvaiicc, and distio- 
(luiidied liimjeU' in tli« c-baivc* of the I)rili*h 
(kTRlrT* which coniuli-iod tn^ Ktui uf SouIi'a 
HnDjr •*• Oitlir*. H« llifu once more tooi 
bU place in front of UiM's cohimti. nnd \vh» 
picapiil. ihuuph iiot Aciivi^Iy finpIovtHl, At 
tlie 6nsl bdl tit' of ToulouH'. On tfie oon- 
olnsionofpQaceFiineEUci.-codedSir.SiiLpIi.'tiiii 
CotUNl IQ commuiH of nil ihw Hntiwh rsviilrv 
upOBtlieoontiilciit.wliich hecon^liicled^fely 
li^lit ftcroM France to Calnis. Durinft th^w 
long and vuicd catnpRini>* Fnn*) hul von 
tbu iv)tutiil ion of Ifein^ llie \yett commnnder 
of tuvalrr iit the finny, nest to Sir StnplcTon 
Cotton, ilf wo* ninde colonel of thf iird 
liRht dmgoons on l^t July 1H14, from which 
be WHS lJsn6rt>rrL'dun3 Au|;- tulhvculoiU!k'y 
of hU old rvginirnt, thf 4tli royal IrUh dra- 
goon (Tuardii; Ite received a gold cross ^vith 
weclsffpfor llii>luiltliiior Viini-ini, Cunntnii, 
TbUvcta, Vitcoria, and Orthi^s, in which ht; 
Iiai] been •ctively ?RgHp.'d ; he rcccivtrd the 
thanlta of pari mmcnt in his pItUM- in tlio HoiL'te 
of Cammon« ; liu was made on« of the lirttt 
K.O.H.'aon the extension of the order of the 
Bnth, and hcwa»app<jinto<liu»peclur-^meml 
of cavalry for Orewl Uritain. In IWlo he 
|ir«{Mired the ravaby n?pinients which wcru 
UDplo^d at th<> butt to of WalRrliKt, though 
hn VM nfA himitiMf presi^Dt in that curnpai^. 
lo l@lt! he wn» appointed to n K|Hn-iiil voin- 
niaud in th« midUDd connlie'S to put down 
riots. In 1817 he whs made a local lieu- 
tenant-general for tll•^ continent, and np- 
point«3 locoinmai)d all the cavalry and horse 
artillery in the army of occiipnt ion in France, 
a |KmL which Iw held until th« rompVte 
KtaruAlion ufthiit countr)' in 1SI8. Id that 
Tnar he renifcited his seat in the HonM- of 
toounons, and ivtircd to Fulhcok lu Lin-' 
onlnahire, a counlry i^at which he had in- I 
hooted on hi« fatlier'a death in ItKKj. liv ' 
lived in retirement for some year*, Imt wim 
|iromot«d in duo courw' to tw lieuieiiant- 

Tmwn\ on 12 Auf;. lHV.\ made a G.C.n. in 
rt25, and appointed coloni»l of the Ut or j 
kiotf'i dragoon guanls, a colonelcy which ' 
moua next t/i thoau of llio rvffimcnlrt fomtinir | 
thtt hrigwle of hooeehold caralrr, im -Jl ]-'cl>, j 
I^^.'7 In \^-I^ Ihe I)uh« of Wellinplon in- 
<1 I ' ' %o hin rrtircmimt and toiic- 

(■ I .t ntlio'.'of master-jfeiieral of i 

III. : ]u> nf^sin enteral thflToiLW 

of ' : I . p. for Saniiwich. Hi' wnt i 

(Hit olxSiic "liMi the n-form cabinet of Karl 
Qjvyyrts formed, but L-'>nlinued on intimiito ! 
Icnas will) tlio 1 luka of WVllinf^^n, who ap- i 
poinUtl bta oottUBUulw'ia-chief iu India 1 




during his short lenuro of office in 1835. 
I.ord Melbourne's cnbinet conAriavd Iht* ap- 
jMiintnwnL, and Fane took over the command* 
in -chief from Lord William Bftntini-k in Sep- ' 
temher 1836, when ho found India in a«tat« 
of pcofonnd pi^'ure. Fane personally inspected 
every atalion in bi« cummand in 1886, and 
nil inlvrofitin^ account of this tour of innpec- 
tion, and of his inlerriew with Itanjit Singht 
the famous ruli'r of tho Punjab, wiutpiibli'hed 
by his nophew and aide-de-camp, Henry Ed- 
wani FitiK'. Towards the end of hia period 
of command there were signa of wiir npoo 
the north-west frontier, and in iHItS i'UU« 

fot ready an anny to proceed lo the relief of 
(erat, which waa then l>c«ivged br the Per- 
sians, and Lord Auckland and his advLscn 
iheitbec'an tuinalurvLhcplnDS which bmughc 
about llie first Afffhan war. Fano nntirtilr 
dtsappnifiHl of ibid policy, and resigned his 
(ithre, hut lh<- ftuihoriliu at homo took the 
unusual course of refuains to accipt. this ro- 
sif^niioTi in JnnuatT 18^, on the ground 
that tliey could And no fmncnil competent 
to succeed him. On Fane, llierefor«, devolved J 
the final preparations for the Afghan war, 
and in 18^ he direuK^ the opi-rations, which 
Ic^d lo the acquioaceuce of the Mini of Sind 
in itii; propusml violation of their terricor^ 
for ttiepurpcwt of IbK invasion of Afghania-j 
tan. llia health waa bythiii time cncnnleieir I 
iindFtritiintid, and on his reitenited demana ' 
to resign, MMor-^nf>ral 8ir Jtur|H>r Nicholl^, 
the commander-in-chief in Mudras, was np- 
pojntrtl to succeed him, Hr- then handed 
over the eommondoflht.- expeditionary army 
Oj^inst Afghani»tan to Mnjor-geneial Sir 
John Kcane, the cuinmuuder'iii'chief in Hum- 
bay, and prepared to haw Iiidia. lie left 
that country in the last stage of wealtiicas, 
nnd hi> died at 8va on board thu Malalwr ot 
St. Michael's in the Ajtore*, at the comiiarn- 
lively carlv agu of Bixty-otui, oo ^1 March 
1840. 

[.Army Lists; Royal Miliury Calriiifir : >'«• 

fitir'n I'rnitBiitar U'lir; Fivn Vixirs in Ir.iiin, by 
Iwiry IC<l«r>irJ Inne, 18*3.1 "■ H- »- 

FANE, JOUN, Efiventh liUaL op Wect-' 
WoituxD (1H82?-176U>), third »wn of Ver« 
Fane, the fourth rarl, ethicatetl at Oxfonl. 
followed a niiiitnry life in his vouth, and 
wa» moilc captain of horse in March 1 70^ 9. 
He diatinguiahod bimaolf under the Uukc of 
Marlborou(;h, and bvcame Iteuletmnl-irolonol 
in 1*10, colonel of the 37lh rxgimenl of foot 
]7ir>, captain and colonel of the fimt Irfiiof 
irreriadiitr^'UftrtlF 1717, and ca{itainandciil>)nel 
of ttm tint Inxipiif honu- giiarvl* in l";i3. On 
-I (Jet. \7&S he was created a pwrof Ireland, , 
with the tillu of Lord Catlwrlough, 



Fane 



»;6 



Fane 



of Catberlougb. II« was elected lo pArlia- 
munl fur Hythti in Kent in 1706, bill Bt 

thp next •'lecitiin (1710) wiui (lty:biml 'not. 
(liiljr electf^d.' In 17)5, aa the death ofhiii 
brotfaiT, Mil'lmayi h*- wmt chown knif^ht of 
the ijiire nf Kenl. He was elecH-il lo par- 
liament ill 17^-7, aiii) again iu 17:^, for 
Bucltinghtim. Ili^ »ticoM<(K*-il to the caHiIoiii 
of W«.«liumlaD(l in l~'M. Is ibe follawio^ 
jear he vr&s n[ipuinied lord-lieutenanl of the 
countr of Noniinmpum, and vrardcn of the 
entit bailiwick iu Uockineh&tn t'orc-nt, but tv- 
aiffni-'d hiii cummund of tlie honse guard;. In 
iTo'.haviua: be«n deckn*(l hriiradiLT-p-iir-ra], 
be was made major-genc-ral, aud iu 1 7iil) lieu- 
teuoot-goueml of tli« foroea uf tbu kingOum. 
Soon alter bia succi-aaion to the* i-arliloin h<- 
retiiud to bU wat.MereWDrth Castle io Kent, 
and fjiivo bimitplf up to th« impruri'mmit nf 
his pmiwrty. rubtiililinfl: th« casOc aftfa* plana 
by rii]l»ilin( II, Wm.ihilk, Lflttr*, Cuiinin^r- 
bam, ill. 303). In ) 7Ji4 he va« nppointud lord 
biffh atewara, and in 17M cliancellur, of flu; 
iiniv«nity of Oxford, his installation bcin); 
tionducted with umi«iinl uia^uifiooncv. IIi^ 
married Mary, only daughter and heirt^N of 
Lord Henry Cuvundiali, but died without 
■gaiie 26 Aug. 17(i2, uwr tin- bjjp of •ijTltty- 

HewoaBUGCeededaiini^hlhtwrl bylliaiiiM 
]^e,gT«at-^and«onof>SirrniD(.-i»,wid[rri«t> 

fval-prandfinn of Freiici*, first carl [w« under 
.ixu, Sm Tiiuuis]. The eighth earl died in 
1771. and won Aitrct^iittMl a.« ninth rart bj- hid 
Bou Juji.K VjLifL tl72t<~1771). He was bom 
6 May 1728, wOji educated at WcstminsItT, 
bocuniL- M.F. for l.yutt Ki-^is in I'dJatid 1701. 
lie married (l)iu 17'^H Au(ru8la, dswj;h|pr of 
Lord Mnnto^uv Bertie (she dii'J in 177>^i, and 
(!f) in I7tt7 l^dr Sumiii, daiiffbt^r of (!<t«iHu 
Lieorffo Gordon, third duki^ of liordon. Il*- 
died 20 April 1774. 

[Uaalcd's Xoot. ii. 367; CvDiu'B FecmgD 
(1812), iii. 29G: II. Walpolc'ii l^lttn, Cuaniaf^ 
hnm, indi-x ; <i«[it. Muy;. xxiii. 391 ; IVtjIu's 
ORicial Biiro(iU0i<, iii. 6ll {whvfodattof bapliani 
la [rir«o oj March 1 7S£) ; Ntchol«'t Lit. Aneo.! ix. 
242.] R It. 

PANE, JOHN, tenih KATir. or We-t- 
uoKLAHt) (l"^-!^-!!), eldest snn of John 
Fnne, ninth earl, wm bnm 1 June 17511, and 
cdiical«d at tho ChnrttThoutio and Enimnmicl 
ColIup'.C'ambridp?, where Mr. Keuuet, ufu-r- 
ward.j bishop of Cloyne, waa bis tutor: he 
praeoediM] U»\. ia 1778. H« (.ucL-vvdi-d (u 
th« «atldom at tbe aim of fiO^'n. While ul 
Cambrid^t* bo formed a friemUbip with Wil- 
liam 1'ilt, whji-h cnnlinui-d tbnju^h lifi;. In 
October 17Hfi he arwpted tbr olhrt^ nf jnint 
paymsstvr-^neral.and wnftKwom a member 
oflhepri\-y council. In1JicfnUowineJ(inunr\- 
1]« was appointed lord-Iieutenant of Ireland, 



which olSee bo held till January ITOn. Hi 
was DpposiMl to the vtnancipaiiou of ihn 
tholti-a,and waa recaUwl iu couA«(|aeiio» of j 
ih<e deuuroiiiutttou uf Pitt lo grant in eoma 
meaaure the catholic di<maiichi: but waa at 
onctr ofliTt'd thu potit of mailer of t)i« hr)ra^, 
wha-h lie TT'tniiifd till l7yH, when he became 
loni privy tn'sX. \\a remain<vl in this office 
fiiriicTiirlythirtyyi>«re,e](ceplforafewiuDRtba 
in lfiOti-7, wln'u a whig ministry w» in 
power, and finally resjgnMl it in 1827, wbcn 
the Karl of Liverpool's ailministraiioii CMoo 
to an end. Ht^ woa eliyt'jd knight of tbe 
(barter in 17&3. lie filled thu jwet of rvcor- 
dt'r of Lyme R«gi« and of lord -lieu tenant uf 
NorthamptoDabirv. and was for a ttbort linte 
maat«r of the buckhoundM tci (lf.>rg» I V. For 
many ymns bwforu hia death he. retired frotn 
politica, and during tln> lji»t. vvar or two of 
bis life was quite blind, ll^i^ died tn b» 
eighty-third y«tv on 16 Dec. IH-ll (ICtiKEn, 
IHaty, under Ifl IVc. Iftll). Tbo evl waa 
twio' mnrrird. His lirst wife waa SanUl 
Anne, only daughter and heireas of Rolwrt 
Child, the London booliier. Hu elopod witb 
MiMlliild in May 1781', and Hucceoded in 
reaching Scotland, vhv.rv the marriage took 

Elftct. The bulk of Mr.t'bildVpmpfMtywaa 
■1\ to T-hu eldi-»t daugiilcr by thin marriage. 
Lady Sarah Sophia l-'niie,wbo married the karl 
of Jfrst-v. La<ly Westmorland di^d in 1793, 
having bornv mx children, and in IHOO the 
earl muriad bis second wife, Jane, daiufalvr 
and coheiivas of Mr. II. U. Saunden), JLD. ^ 
Fty her he had thr«« sons and one daughter, ^dl 
Ilii' wcond wife and aix of bis children enr- ^| 
viTed him. ^ 

[(icnt. Mag. new ser. arii. 207; Pnblie Chv 
ract.-» uf 1803-4, p. 413 {signeil T. L. H-J ; 
Timed, 17 1>«C. 1811. p. b: rJumLupRV Lif» of 
Pitt. 1862, ii. A'i, ^7«. V92, 3S3 ; Dovla't OfHrnl 
l^a^olu^g^iii. Bti.J " R. B, 

FAJfE, JOHN, eleventh E*bl op Wbji- 
Moma.tD (1784-1809), only son of Jolm 
l-an<!. teuth earl of WestniorIfti>d [«i. t.1, 
wiw bum nL 4 Sackv-ille ^trwt, riccadillv, , 
London, .'t I-Vb. 17K4, and known as Ixkrd 
lliifvb<?r»Ii from that liua until 15 Dec. 
lj*lj,whfnli«aucccedod hia father a* Karl of j 
Westmorland. He WO* educated «t Harrow,, 
and at Trinity ['ollege, Cambridge, wber« he ' 
proceedwj .M!/V, io 1808. He was clrct^d 
to represent Lyme Rpgis 1« .^(arch IWW,, 
aud sat fur ihiit hon)ug>i until March \»M, 
when be accupt.yl the Chilleru Hunda-ds. . 
On <S0 June \HVi h^ Ixx^anic a Ueutenant in | 
tbe Nortbamptoubhiro n:ginit<nt of luilitUr 
but in th<> *amt yi^ar joiutd the lUh fnot ul\ 
tin ensinn. serving tiulNicijiifnttv in ihe 7th i 
foot, the sard foot, th« 3rd dragoon*, lb» 
OleC foot, aadtbe 63rd foot. In 1806 hu wu-l 



I 



apt- " * ' ''---ltd LMutcanot-^fenc- ' 
ml ' .[ifditjnnhi Itiinovi-T, 

in ]?>06-7, nn<l nftrnrurd') in E^-pt, uiiilLf 
nmnal WbhcIupi"-, iiwik [Kirt in (!i" fii>l 
*t/iroiin^ of Itrtvitu, uml rfn' iw-rond alianh 
■nil twgv of ttiai pW-v ilii'ltT Sir W. ijtewnrt, 
Fn 1808 hr jiiimM r,he army in Prtrtii|f*l, und 
wii« pnei>nt til rfac hnlllns nf Uolifu and Vi- 
nMvm. 11^ aol^ lu nide-dtf-oainp to the 
Ihike of Wellinfrtin in the f-^llom-mff ywir, 
■ikI took part in tlit> baCtlcofrnlaviTU. tie 
■enett with thp 3rd dragoon (^ukHs in the 
in IVrtiiuul iu 1^10. iDcliiilini; tliv 
In Torrvs VciifiLt, haLt.le fif Hiiinco, 
•nd s^lvnnci* lo Hantnivm. In Seplombtr 
1S1:H1ih]hy>i'«i-<)<h! Ii> th« hiiulniMrlf^ra nf till! 
kUin) srminH uni^cr Triiire ScliwaFWtnlKirif 
in Oermnny, ftwrwlil^'d «» milifiify eominis- 
sionrr. Hr w«.* pr^wnt during the OKinpnt^ 
iif lf*14uiI''raiio>--, fpim tho liikingof Iaii^'H'* 
until the cflpttln^ ol' I'ari^. lit- wua M-nt, 
14 Aiig. I>^14, 11^ viiroy ■.■xtPi>>Rliiiiirv xudi 
mimittvr pli-nipctrntiary li» Florenw, nnd 
nftervFTin^ in tin rjiinp&i>,ai njifnin^t Xaplct 
in 1)^1 >'), hiiniunfltiii niiijuiicliun witli Fii-li)- 
nuMhol HiMii'hai, ih^ mnvnntinn nf Caea 
LdMiZ*. by u-ltich iIip kimplniD of NapW vnjt 
rcMoml til till- UrtiirbAn*. Biirfiliorsh wm 
tuaied a privy councillor -J** March 1923, 
and in 1s-J.'> went on u sjiccifii miMiion to 
Ntplw to i>in>rrutulKi>- l-'raucts I on hts ac- 
ceMMin to tlie thrnue of lbuTwiiSiciliF>ii. He 
WM criu<?lt^<d f>nvor «xtraordini\ry lo Naplen 
11 ^uv. ISW, IniL thix npjioinl ini-nt wiut 
rvrak^d. Whilp reeident mmLatpr nt Ber- 
lin tHJI-fil Ii» itcti?d an ni«lintor twtwivn 
rh-nmark and Pruwn in thi» Sohlf-^wiir-IloU 
•It :■!, and waa one of the parlies 

^'.- ■■ i« trenty of )ieui?e 2 Jnly If^ot). 

Oit 1. I.,. ■...>;; from Et^rlin ut Vienna 'J7 J«n. 
IWil, ho was Hnn>iiii(tin]i]y (>iim^-<) in the 
nefulintioni wmnoctcd vrit b thoTurkiAh diffi- 
cullio. and in February lf^», in conjunction 
with Lord Jnhn Uu-iHrrlt, took part in the 
ConjTTvn of Vii'iinft. Iu November uf the 
»AiatTi^rh<> nfiiT^I from Ihn wirvicn on a 
fliplomnlic ]H'r)kii)ri, Imt performed one la-^t 
dtilj in th(< folbminf; July bv cotir myitis Ibe 
uaetm'B rnajirratiitalirinH to Uk- kin^ 0? tbA 
mlgiaaaonthclKi'nly-KnhaiinlvefMTjofhia 
•ttwawnninibpthronc. WMtmorlandbiNvinio 
»>lon«I of tli«> With r4.>^inK'nt 17 Nov. IHliJ, 
rrcfivml tit*' «iU-.>r war medal wit hfoiirclasp-o 
la t)U9, and witi" promotvd to bu n p-ncikl 
in '!■ _'0 J.11K* ISM. Th<' iinivurnity 

"f ' made him I.1,.P. in lf»l t, and 

lb .ifOxfor.! D.C.L. in lliUil. H« 

w I 'J.f'.n. -Jl Jiinft Ift-lfi, and wm 

ftl.:..^;;.i .. L 11 «ny foreign nrdetv, Ar a mu- 
rieian bn wiu uot Ivm dislinguish^ than he 
TOL, IV m. 



J^^ 




had tK>4-n IU R soldier and a diplomntiitt. At 
an onrly agK ho dUpIarod an Instinct iv(> p«A- 
nion for muttic a* uu ouiali'iir pi-rt'onuer on 
llw; violin, and u ho (frow older stu<li>>i) ike 
violin HTi>]roni|iiuilinn nmler I labile, Zeidltjr, 
May.*t'<^<T. Platoni, PorliTftalln, imd Bianchi. 
IVrcnivinfi the di^Kvdvaiuagcs under which 
hia conniTTmi'>n labotirt-d as compared with 
the natives of other coiinlries, ho propoe«d 
in laa tb^ formation of an acadi-myof music 
Tliis propft«I ultimately led lo tlie oneoinff 
nf the Ho^al Academy of Mtuic 34 March 
\S'iii, an institution of which We«imorIniid 
wa« the undiiiput'.'J foiuidiT, and in vrhirti 
ho took an i»cliv« inter^t thnvi^lioiit the 
n.-maindur of bis lifi-. H-j waa the writw of 
M-ven openia, ^^«j^ft't,' ' F'^rn,' ' II Tomeo,* 
'L'Eroodi I.annuftro,* T&tarina, OH.'tia I/Aft- 
Mtdio di R.'t|im'Jfi,''njtii|tto de l*n>M>rpina,' 
and'l-')S- - ; ' . Tentralp,' Somcofthew 
w.-ri? p!in 'lice, and '('ularinu' was 

piihlii'ly r- 1.' -■!- u l.ytbi> pupils of tlie 1^1yal 
Academy fii Oeiober lt*;JO, He al-ro wrotu 
thivo rnnt4ittu, mii»>u^'A, ralhL-dral H'rvin.-H.an- 
tht-m^, hymnii, iDiidrigaU. canona, canzontrta, 
and airs, wbirh W'Tk printtil, bi^idtia music 
wliiib hi' li'ft In mantiHcript. Il> dird nt 
Aplborpi? Houne, Norlbampitonshitv, 16 Oct. 

9o highly WAS he esteemed in Berlin tbil, 
on thp nrws of hi* di^ath reaching that capi- 
tal, the principal military bauds aiVL-mhlird 
in tln^ prpwnc* of the prince re(fenl and a 
didt ititrui-thed comi<«ny, und {H-rfnnned Beet- 
hu^trn s funeml march, a favourite of \Vi.i»t- 
morland'i*, many of who§e muitiral compoAJ- 
liunn wt>rr< wvll Lnnu'n in [Vrlin. Hit wiio 
was Priscilln Anne Fane [q. v.] 

lit' was the author of tb« following works ; 
1. ' AI«?moir« of thr Karly Campiiixv» of the 
Duke of Wellington in rnrtii^l and Spflin. 
Ry an Orticer employed in hia ariuj'i i.e. John 
Fane). 1^20. s. 'fl Tomro, dromma poAto 
in mu«ica da Milord Iturghenb/Milau, J?:W, 
3, 'II Tompo. Tbo Tournament, a .leriotw 
Op*-™, tb* miific cvmpoh'd by Lord Bursli- 
erah, Italian and Fnglwh.' Ik.18. 4. ■ M.^ 
moirof thu Opcralion'^ uf the Allied Armie.^ 
und<^r l'^i^n^ Si'JiwnnimhiTK and Marohal 
Rlucber.' 1^2. Snded. 183i\ .V • IU|^iaj;1io 
delle operazioni dcyliiverciticonfederati aeli 
ordini d"! Pnncipt' di SohTft-Bnt^nhM-g c (b-l 
Mar^^cisllo Mlucher,' Turin, IHJI, second 
edition. Flontnce. li!*ii~, 0. 'A letter lothe 
Speaker of th<; llouw of (.'ommoiu on the 
oIaim« ofthe JJrili-.h UamAnr«tholic«,"18:?7. 
7. ' A Lettpr to Karl Foriracue on Itia Speech 
resp<«ctInKaMoiiumiml tuFiold-marehiilLord 
Kag^ui,' It^s. 

[0«iit . SIbe. Sov«in1r«r I S^.pp. 533-1 ; Tixnta. 
IB Oct. 1M9, p. ;. and 1) Nor. p. a, ItoyU'a 

S 



Fane 



178 



Fane 



Official ibin>itmgi>.iii.64£.«illi ]>orLm'L; 0«iuil4ir'* 
Itnjnl Aen4»in}' «r Mtuiic (1850> PC- 9 31,«itli 

fortruil ; Jamw D. Brown's Diet, of HaiiriAas 
1880), p. 613] G. C. Ij. 

FANE. JrUAX HKXRY CirAHLKS 
{IH:;7-l(?7tl|, tIi|ilotualiftt und (xii't, (i(tli »uii 
of Jalin FaiK', ulevantb eatl of AVMimor- 
Imnd [ij. v.l, Iwm ik). non-nc* ? or 10 Oct, 
1827, was cdncAtod al Thun<>>i IViTton 1838- 
1841, wken bo went to Harrow for a abort 
limi'. As u fi'llow-cfimmrmer he matricu- 
3aled from Trinity CoUwre. Cambridpff, in 
im7, anil »"xm became adistinffuinlted siem- 
l)er of tlie snciMy Itii'mti a« llic CnmLridj^ 
Anostlee. In le^'O li<> <)l>taiii<?d thu vhaii- 
Cfllor'd medal for Kn^lifih vor^t by lim poena 
on ' The Iloatli uf AiK-Iuidc, Quocti Dowojfwr.' 
and in the follrtwiun year he toult Vu M.A. 
du(fi\M.'. At lilt: Btro 01 acvcutw-n lie filtered 
th^ diplouialic Mtr«irf um an utipaid attache 
to lus Tatti^rB mJF^on at Bf-rlin. lie was 
afli-rn-nnlH nn nttiu-lif- at VienuK from 1851 
lo lAIH, and thfrt' o>mmcn«il his study of 
Oorman poetry. To the first tiiiiuber iif l\w 
'Hoinrday Rt-riew,' 3 Nov. li<ix\ p. Ill, )i« 
contnl)ut«d uii iai^TvMtiiig article i'iiULIhI 
' lluiarii^h limine, Poel and llunioml.' He 
Ml ninny of Ht^inu'^ vi<nTi*« to ntiHir, and fumg 
many to tlie muKif of llnTi-n (i.v, V«sque 
PutUingvn), and he pUyml Aiistrmn national 
aira upon t\w xitli'-r. Itu Dossi^wed a bril- 
liant wit, n keen senao of liumour, and au 
unrivalliKJ cracefuloesa of manner and ex- 
nrfsflion. Al the congrciw of Parin in lUimi 
uu woe attached to L/^rd C'lun-Qdtin'A ypLicijd 
mi««ion, and it was on tbi^ ocouioii tltat bn 
made the acquaiulaiico of his ^Ti'at^.-^-T. fritmd 
Edward Lytt^on, now tbe h^mihI narl of Lyt- 
ton. Aflfir the peace h(<wi>« appointed Mcro- 
tarv of I-^tion at St. IVfreburir, and re- 
mained in Itiis&ia until 18^, wrilin); and 
iwndiiig lo hi« ^uvurnmcDt able report* on 
till? trade of ttiar couiiti-v- Hu was tmno- 
forrt-d to Vienna 1 April iRM, and to Paris 
in 18(15 a.H first. »wn?rlKrr acliiiR fhsrgf- d'af- 
fainu. Ueremainnd al I'aria nnt.il 1Kt}7, when 
ho ivlumt'H til Loiidi^n, nnd wan pnilocoli^t 
to the Bonftir*n(M'?» hrld there on The afioirBof 
LuxembouTf; from 7 to i:i May. Ho mtonied 
toParistotaVeclinrjcoftbooniba.'Mybutwwn 
the departure lA Ix>rd U'jwli.-v nnd t hi! arrival ' 
of l^nl Lyon-s hut ill-bfjtlllt forw-d him to [ 
r&sigii bis cooiteclion with lh» diplomntic j 
■iTvic" 7 Jiiin' 180ft. In 1852 hf printed : 
a volume nf 'PoemB,' which Mi<in n-ncbed ' 
a s-.icrjnd edition, and two yeor.i afierwimls | 
hH hmught. out 'Po«m»hy If«inricb Heine, 
translated by Julian Fane,' In ISfll, under ' 
the psf-udonym of ' Xcville Ti'ujple,' im pul»- 
ILshra, in conjunction with hi;< fnond Edward < 
l.ytt<Hi, who adopted the nainv of ' Edward \ 



Troyor," n \<ixm vnlitl^ 'Tnnnltiiuser.or tbj 
Battle nf fbf Bar-l.,' On '_>!l iv-pt. IHtW " 
■uarruMl Lfldy Adtae EIi*« Anue C'-oWfwl 
third daui^Corof Ge<jrK<-','iv(h t'orl t'ow[»>» 
8ho was Dom at 1 Great STunhopQ Sirr'oi 
London, 17 March IH4:), and di^at Wim* 
bledon 20 Oct. 18(W. Fiuit- nnvrr rwcovi>nn 
the abock of (be prematuiv lU^lU of hi.* wifo 
and suflbrwl from an qIKtiloo of hid thniat,] 
which not only pr>.'veutt.d him (rum bwb11uw> 
in^ anv lii^unl, hut wa» nci^tmiMnicil by 
gradual e.\tincliun of hit< voiit) for almosr 
\vnr ln^fore hts dmitb. llfi di>-d at 'iO Port-' 
man Square, London, 10 April 1870. 

fLyltgnV JuUna Fam-. a HeRiwr (1871 )■ vith 
portrait.: JrniinRham'a R«inU)ijeeBi!iwnf fia At- 
Uchi (IH86). pp. 118-20; TimM>, 21 Apnl 
If^'D. p. 3 ; Illiuiral«d Looilon Sews. 30 April 
1870. p. 406 : Pall Iktall Gauttc, 20 April 187(1, 
I*. 3] 4.C.B. 

FANE, MILDSIAY, second Fun or 
\VisiTJionLASn(d.ltW.'>),<'Wej*t»onofFrani!is 
Fanv.iirsi Mirl^seo under I'\sr,. Si hTiiom**] 
by Miiry, heir of Sir Anihony Mildmay i3 
Apthor^', Nonhainptfiiuihiri', was cducult ' 
ai Fmmanuvl (.'olUite, CambridKe. H^ rv|in>« 
benttvl Pi>t«rl)orou^i in the Short imrliamLiit 
i>r 1(1*20-1, wiM iTvitt^d ii ItiiiKlit III iht< Itath) 
at lh« comnation of Charles I ( 1 Felt. Ulio), 
&ided with tbi.' kiiif; 00 the uuthrrak uf it 
civil war. and wiu am-jit^I oji a df-linquriit ' 
and lodged in tho Tower in lOli', lie was, 
however, relL-oMtd on 1 April Hvl^ 'v ■•' ■•■■T 
hin paroU- 10 luvp bis hou.*»> in Ik; 
Clow.audiu the t'tillowiujt August ^^ I 

pcrmisKion to lalie horw uerriiu- ^ 
miW of I^midon. lie had N^u fin- 1 , 

and bi.4 «4ates bad been &><C|uestered. The 
ecqueetnUion,bowijvor,waHdiHcbar{iiKl<m his 
tiikin^llu'rovfiiaiit(14F<'l>. 1(U3-4),aadaL 
the fMaa time he wae F«t at liberty. In lOttf 
he printed for private circiilBtion n Toliinld 1 
Terwentit!ed'0ria8apra,"andanMlit;rvoUit 
by liim eutitM'Fujritive Poi.'trv\'fMnsi*tir 
cliiptly of epifninip*, atroelic^ and 
in Kojllinli ftitd [jitin.mitfgp'ile.l by (he evt 
of tbe interre^um, is amon? the maniKcrit 
preserved at Apthorpo. In l&*>:i bit tu.-a't 
a pt^litiou prAaented by tlw Northflmirtonsbi 
landownetH to tho council of tnwB 
that (tep* ■h'liilf! lie token to rounler 
etforta of !h»' clolhworkerH lo roonopot 
wool trade. IU9 6ubmi»^ion to the 
ment wan OTtrlfifiVed at. Ihir Rcstoratic 
he wa» appointttd, i^intly with the Knrl 
Uridgewater, ionJ-ii^utenant of Nortbut 
l<]iii<hin>nn II July lOtX). In hilS'J awai 
wasixsundforthe pnymeut lo !;i:ii "r'-O/.tNitj 
the secret ppFvire monev. II- 
1665. He miirrivd tnicu. 11- 14 




I 



<■ lilw of Sir Williara ThornharBt 

• '■ !Mint. hy whom lit* Iin»l tinu mjn, 

i - iCTdM liiiii, nri'l flv"* (iaugli- 

iiir-!TKiJ Mitrv, seconJ lUu^hti^r 
nl ViTtMif 'rill>iiri-, vf idtiw of .Sir 
atit-'tii) of liiiriilmin, Norfolli, by 
Mi'liiitn h<- liud A son, Vcri^ Fnne, nlio "ue- 
oeedrd UiH btotber Cliurlfji an fi>arib<!ttrl,aiui 
four daugbten. 

CdIHuoV Peenire CBrydgea), iii. 20JS-6 ; Hist- 
iCoinni. 4thBtn. App. 4HI: lEnp. 00 tJnii.lj- 
I6S ; llep. on WeMDiotlnnil MS:^. App. 41 ; 
OsL fMt* I^ixre, ttam. 1S40 p. IK, 14141-3 p. 
944, l8AU3p. -ITI.IfiAJ p. 200. 1661-3 p. 431; 
WhiUloclu-'-Mflin. pp, 83. 143; NiroWiilliit.of 
Knlghlliiwd. iii. xri ; LonU' Journ, t. 443, 8M, 
Ti. I»S. 263 A, 272, 3»a, 43^ A. 427 •>. 701 h. 
703a.] J. U. R. 

FANE, ridSCILLA AN.XK. t'orxixw , 
UF \Vl»rMoiu.»!f» ^ITOa IH7y>.lourlli rbild ' 
of Waii»m \\t>il''»l'-'y-ruU', third vni\ viMvru- 
tnfftai), aiulhari>n.^liiryU>r<iu);li,i>v Kntliurinr 
EIiBAlielli, flWcsi daiijrlitpr of Admiral ibf , 
lliin. Jdliii Fwrl«'«, w»s bom 13 Arnn'li 171W, : 
•nd marriwi ?il .Inn*' I SI I Jnlin y\nc ^i-v."!, 
ihi-n l.ordBiuvherali.Tvhonftprwnrdsbt'camL- 
t-]' ■ ■ ■' '' ' f "." ■morlatid. Shi'w.i,*(ni 
jii ' aod a dUtiiufuUbi^d I 

ttii.i. '• N> J] i..<<i . • '.lii^himli iihc 4.-xiiit»itt-d I 
ax figiirv pUv«-8 in the ^iidblk Sltvet Exhi- | 
bitifjn b>it.wi>«-u IH.'(.'{ tiud 1841, and Af[i*r- i 
wuda in liS42 nnd 1^" M>nt two »:ripttini1 
Mubjts-t* lo ihi^ Ilritixli Inat it tition. Ilrrpic- i 
tun at Anne, cnunlftfa of Mominfrton, sur- I 
mmi'!..! Iiv her thrw di«tingiii>'li(xl fons, , 
il fijiii* of Wi-lWW. Artliiir, dtike 

t'l u, and Ileury, baron t'owOey, hits 

Ixy-ii eii^rav^, and u* wll knowi), Slw di*!d 
ftl 2n Portnifln S«jiiiir.-, Ltmdon, If* Kch- 1870. 

" WAS buried at Apthorpe, NortibufhploDr 

iw, a-j Ft*. 

[Tinif*. 20 PeK 1B79, p- 5, und 29 F.-b. p, 9; 
AiiDunl Ki'ci^ter, 187&.Chranid«, r. I7fi : UraTCH* 
Diet of .\rtUta, pp. 30, 252; Hortuug Pod, 
WFrt-. 1879. ^ 5-1 O. C. B. 

FAyE(.rVANE.SiaILVLVH (d. 1552), 
cti-.-m. (! I'-riLlIig-dronspinicT, >^ix t'nlymii 
cf ' iiii'or Vftiumf Kiidiow,Ktint,who 

K . ; Kent in Kilk^, mtd ({nndsno of 

IIr:£n ir Aiui iT \'ntio of I f tldctibonntgb, Ttin- 
bridj^v lit! diitmguiiibvd liiawelf at the aictfo 
nf Dim]i)f;ii<.' in 1'j4-I. wbeu bo was kniKhtf^; 
vw uominatcd undor llcnrr VIIls will | 
•towAnI i«iib Sir Willifiui Cfrintr) of nil 
my lord cif I.iDroinett laiidrt,' and, aft*r fight- , 
io_ ' •■ ^n at MuuqI- ; 

b.. r-banoMfiC. { 

».ii.i "J HI- i.i iU-iuf be shared 
of Kdward VI, and received from I 




' him in lHaO o prnnt of liu^ mannrs of Pnn^ 
' burnt mid LTgbo, iJie forf-.'ilod property of 
' Edward Sl/iff.ml, ilnkc nf Uiu'Vinf^buin. tn 
October 15Jl,wh>>ii theDukeof Nonhuaibt'i^ 
Und bftilrc-solv'-dtiu I bt'dcsLruot ion of Somer- 
set and his supiKjrter*, Fone was uu« of ihoso 
cbar;iiKl witbconapirinp; to tuurtlerXorlhuui- 
UTUiid. ![(■ wii»arrt-ittcd 'in a i^tiiliK- of his 
tnau'sat Lauitwtlt iiiid«r tbi? ittraw,' anil luint 
lotheTower(J5y*/«*-</ JT^ Journal, IflOcl.) 
On ^7 Jan. 1551-2 b'.> uiu put on liis trial 
on tht> treaaonabli? rlinrpii of cuii>piriu|; to 
kill Tariuus privy councillors, iuid,iii GpJa- of 
biD appoals to his |Kut luiliurj- »er\-icM and 
his Strong denial of ^ilt^ hn wn^ senteiK'ocI 
to dealfa. The kin;; de'crilted him nt tba 
trial m' answering I ikt; ariil1iAn'(ii6. 27 Jan.) 
A waimnt wiu ftign«d by Edward, 'J^ i^alh, 
and Fane ■was hooded the nest day on Tower 
liill. Of tbrw compaoiotw oxocutvd at tho 
flame time, Sir Mile* ParthdgK wa* hnngcd, 
and ihcolhur two, SirTbonuisArundell and 
Sir Micbut^l Stonbupi', wen> bebi-Bib-d. On 
Lhfi acB^oId Fane repeated hifl plen of iiiiii>- 
cviic(>,>itt<l t« «aid to nave addw: ' My blood 
Ahallbetheduke*alio1^rr&nlnnf(nAhi;lin>th' 
t(_'.U(ini»,/i!cjwn/H*,€|iiolinK'GalliciiIteIalio,' 
ed. Ih70, lip. 307-**; Heti.TS, llrf-trmatinn, 
Iy71, p. 117). Fane's forfeited uiuncir of 
Pcnsburst waA immediately be^towud on Sir 
\\'iUiiitu Sidney, and all tho eockl)! and chiit- 
ttls found in Fane'» buuiie at We«tmiii^ti>r on 
Sir John Ciiitu,a cnrnture of Xurtbumlx'rland. 
•Slrypn Ktatcx tb»t Klizn.b«th, Liidy Faue or 
Vane, who prored ' a liberal benefactor of 
Cknl's Mints during the Marian perwculion, 
and ofti^n correspondrtl with Pltilpot and 
itrndford, was Fane's widow. She died in 
IIollK>m, Londoo, in I5titt (l-'oxB, Act* and 
MmHitient*, 1*12, vii, iM; STBrrE. JSrc/. 
Mrm. vol. iii. pt, i. p. L'liO). 

{NicWh's LitCmrf K«muaa of l-Mirnnt VL 
(IU.ibur,;h..Club),Ua.ywaril'»Lif«ofBdwimIVI; 
ItuiUd's Kent. i. 411. \'iii Cotliiu'a Pecrago, 
cd. Ur7<Lff<<A.iii. 284; Itnidfurd'e Wor1u(P«Tk«r 
Sw,), vnl. ii.; Pliilpot's WritingBa'«iwrS<K.); 
Od. Suit* PapOT, Km. 1-547-80.] 8. L. L. 

PANE, KOHEUT OEOltOE CECIL 
(1706- 1804), Innkruplcy cx)mmif»ioncr, tliir- 
teentb and youngMt child of the Hon, Henry 
Fane and .\nni'.'Liu[:btt*rof Edwnrd Buckley 
lIutAou, and br<;(b'^r of Sir Ilenrj- Fane (q. r. j, 
waa bom 8 )lar 1796, and eduoatMl at ttia 
ChnrlvrhouM fmm 1908 to 1013. He matri- 
oulnl<:d from Ilalliol College^ Oxford, TZ May 
IKl.'f.Bnd wiiK alU-rwartU t dctDT and Mlow 
( 1*124 -3.'>)ofMa«dab-uCoUewe,t>xfor<!,wbi'Te 
ho prrvfM-ded B.A. 1817 and M.A. 1(*I0. He 
wascalledU) Wtv bar nt 1j(ni:oln'A Inn IJiine 
1 H'l I ,Knd noon enjm-i>d a conwdcnble practice 

X3 



•ane 



i8q 



Fane 



as an equUyliarmtttr. In 182S Ijurd HMon 
ftppointMl him one of lli(> five commiHsianf^n 
of itie 'Tliirlwt-ntii IM.' nnd m, ■» !)»«. 1S31 
h«WA« ii^n>i»at<>() br I<Ard llmiiirliani oiip nf 
thewxoonuDissiooenwtiuwvretu hold oiWw 
under the n«w nor. «lAb1iiihmg Elii^ court of 
hiuikrupUv. In lat«r life Iils judicial bearing 
yfiu iiikrk«d by tin DC'CPDlriclty of nunncr, 
but although hia dcci«tiott8 wura lirKquontlv I 
tliv subject of conuneal. very few of lits 
juil^enlA vorti r«TOrM-d an Appoal. Ho 
waa nuclt intfirc^tod in rail^s'tiy HcUotnO', 
and wiLi fiw Mtiw TMiw » director of the 
EBf<tom Comitira nilwny. As a mBmbLf of 
the Lnvr Ain<-iidtuiiiil. Socli^tv hi> vriui a cciii' 
distil' atu-ndnnt at the weelilj meetinfrs in 
LtncAst*^ Place. Fiini- wn* lui nnlt^nT lovnr ^ 
of field sports, lUid whu vA\ knnwn in rhi) | 
Leicester bunte ; he wsa iiUo a patron of the < 
fine nrtn, nnd poaaMwd it colluntion of pbiot- 
iu^ Hodivaflt the Bunloa Hotel, >V ey- 
tnnutli, 4(>ct. Idftl. H(*nmrnedfirRt,24 Jniio 
I83&, IiMb(<ll» Mnry, youn^-^l diiug)il«r of 
Admiral Sir KUab 1 larvev, G.C.B. ; aha died 
at Uollfi Parli, niitrwoll.lS Dec. 1838; and , 
secoodlVi 7 Si')it. IH41, Harricl Anmi, nnlv 
dAU|flit«-r of AdraimI the Hon. Sir Henry 
Blaoltwood, bivrt. ; tshw died 31 Dw. 18i«i. 
By hia first wifi^ Fune had nn issnip. Ry his 
Beoond wife hi> had a son, Cvcil Francis Wil< 
linm, and two dnii^bters. 

FRnDwusthi-writerofthefoUawiu^ works: 
I. ' iji>tt«r addresBvd to Ibc Attorn vv-Qene- 
n1 [Sir John OampbellJ oa his Dill for the 
Abolition nf ImpriaoQinent for Debt,' 1837. 
2. ' Bankruptcy Rufonu, in a scries of Le4l«n 
ttddrassixl to 8ir K- IVel,' letters i-iii.. )8B8. 
8. ' Bankruptcy Reform." lotttfra i%--vii.,1S38. 
4. 'Obt^rmt.ionsoa thi' prupoeud AboliliuQof 
ImpriK'iiiiDMtit for Debts on Mesne l*rt>cft«s, in 
ft I-eticr to Sir K. I'm!.' 1838. 5. 'Outline of 
a PKn for Tmpnivine l.lit- L«lw of l>trbtor nnd 
Creditor, without Abolishing ImpriKPniaent 
for ViM' IW-I. 6. * A Utt*.r to Lord Col- 
lonbam on till) pn>-*<-n: iiasiiion of Hi-r M«- 
jfsly's Cymmis»ionere nl the Oourt of Bnnk- 
niptcy, and svig^'M inf; a mom extended use 
of that Court in matters of Account,' 1S48. 
7. * BankniptCT Reform, in a series of Let- 
t«ra nddrejised Lo W. Hawee, Ksq.,' liMtvm 
i-iv., I8t'<. 8. ' Mitiiatry of Juaticr ; ili« iie- 
OMsltr M an Ttittrument of Law Befortn,' 
1848.' y. *Sk«ch of an Act to I-JitAbIi«h 
TMuutt-Richt in ronforraity to tho prinriplM 
Bii0F))M4id 111 an article in tbw"L<w Itcvitw" 
for Novrrab.-r IMS, signn) C. ¥..' 1849. 
]0. 'Tcnanl-Iiighl, its aocessily as a means 
of protmrfliig jfood Forming,' No. ii, 1848. 

[Timo. 8 Ort. 1864. p. 9; UwTimM, 15 Oct. 
ISS4, p. ^3; Owit. Mng. D«csni1>«r 1864, 
p. ;w ; Foam's P««ng»0 G. C. B. 



FAKE, SfR THOMAS (<i. IWI|, i»,li- 
tician, waji the elder of two Tlioioss T'anf*, 
(he SODS of Owirp; Fan" of HntUi'll, tit tbv 
pnri.^h of Tiidi>lr.v, Knit, by hi= vifr .lonn, 
daughter of William Waller ■ ' ■ 
in the same coiinly. Harin;. 
iniomm* Wyntt'ii rebellion of 1'>'j1 U^ '.silj 
committed prisoner to the ToU'vP. attainted 
of high tn>a»t.<n, and a warmiit i««ue<l for hi^ 
execution; but thi- quevii, pitying hi« roatb, 
pardoncil bim by a bill nd<lr)?Aied to her than 
c<-lltir, Stephen (^anliticr, from St. Jiimek'i 
on 18 .^liifV-h 1.V4 (ItVHKH. Fird^a, edit, 
I7W-35, XT. 373). A week later he was n^ 
(ttorcd to hit librrty und vi>lnlv> (^Stow, An- 
naie». edit. Ifilo, pp. ((l'2, «23). Fane wtu 
knjfihtwl »t Itover C'anlle Ltl .Vup Iri73 by 
RoWrt Dudli'v. wirl of Ldoi-tor, in tliw pi 
sence of (^iie«n Kiixalx'lh. In November 15 
hi? was uppoinFed a deputT-con>mi««if>n''r 
witLiii ihc county of Kfnt fur tV* iacrciuu 
and brewl of hor^ea, and for the keopiui; of 
horaiv tuid L't-'Idintt« to serTlct! {Cnt. >SVn/e 
Pttj>frr, Horn. iril7-tiO, p. Ilttfi). Wh^n tb*. 
Annads wns oxpertf<! be did piod to'rviiv in 
diiipiMin|{ foTx;ps >bin,i th^ ciMMt of Kent (t&. 
IWI-0{>, pp. 4rr<, m\, mi). lie di»l on 
13 March (not on '2^ Feb. as on his tomb) 
lfi88-9, and ivaa Imrir^i al Tudcley, whcni 
his bodv was aJterwanU removed to Merv 
worth, "iveiit. His will, pi^ed at Ita'li>t'll o 
7 March 1588-0, was not pn^wd until lOl-Vl 
1580-1 (re^iatAred in P. C- C. 10, Sainb^rbet. 
Fane marnml, fir«t, Elizabeth, dinighlor of 
Sir Thomn* Polf-iiriier of Bwhri-bury, Kfnl, 
who died childle&s; andaecondly,ou 12I>M- 
1^74, at Birling, Kt-nt, Lwlr Mary N('ville, 
POl«> dsught«r and helre^^ of llctiry, hnron 
Abergavenny, by whom he had a numi-roiM 
tiMiui^. In liRr ri^ht hi' b«ran)ii |Mii»>B«>i'd of 
iho eotitle nnd manor of Mnn-worth, Kent. 
His widow, by letters patent bearing dale nt 
Westminister on 3.'> May li^H, wa* rc.<torc<l 
to the name, style, and di)inity of Jlomn'"M« 
I>.' Ifc'Spcncer and to the heirs of" 
with tb>> ancient wieat, ^luec, and y 
of her anc^Ators. A<i tar b^ck a."* \-<^'- -u 
had claimed the iMTouy of AWrgaitrna;^ 
Rfipun.nl EdwnnI NeviHc, tlm heir initlti. 
Jamas I compn^misQd the matter by allotting 
tbp Imninv of l.e 1 li'^peiicnr to t hit beir f{t>n 
ral, and tlie barony of Aberptt\>-nny to 
heir male (C'-oU-lsa, B-trunit* (ty Writ, nn. tfl 
UW). PrtpcrB relating: to her ca**. with co 

{ious marginal not«« and olM^rrntious _^ 
jord Burgiilev, are preserve! in the ItfHNjnt 
OOlcr. ( CnV. «!■«/? Pfl/N-r*. D.im. l-Wl-IW, [ 
rrfH,IJ74, l.'yyi-H4,p-401>. Sb«dirdL'.SJuii 
16211. up.'d 7'2, and was buried v\:\\ h.^r ht 
bandat Merrwortb. Theirtil'!' ' -iCM 
VkSV., waa created K.B. at tb it ot 



e- 
i/<^^ 



rm 

1 

on ^H 



Fanelli 



i8i 



Fanning 



Jiuno I, lo Julv lltOS. Olid wiu udfiiticctl 
in tiM- x\t\fii of tturon Burghnnli luid J^rl 
at W,«:iii/irlBnil iS !)«:. 1624. He diM 
:»Marvli le-i^ttiwd IS. 

[CoUitt*'* PmsruEiji (Brrdfei). iii. 300-4 ; Hm- 
tcd'o Ketit (ful.>, il. 28^-7, 303.1 ^- *^- 

FANELU, FRANCESCO (/t 1010- 
IIMV>), slntuiiry, n luitivc uf tloiviiw, wna 
i-*>l«]irHtrd in (ll)^ n-ii;ti nf C)iurU-» 1 fur bis 
hiehlyfiiiialiivl worliHmniciul. which HIV cuu- 
cioier^ u jvigseMin^ hti-hxr litiiili, Tlmii^b 
tew bold dT-^t^, than the warkn of Ilulwrt 
lie Soeur [ij, *■.] It IS jirobabli" that h" tniiy 
havi* bct>nutnon)rib'_'fiiri'ipnnniM.s i-niployiij 
l>» H>?nry.l>rinfi;of WaU'^.ai ICielimond ; in 
tJiU fiSax iv mny Iibtl^ wroiijfbt the •>i^hlv<ai 
liUlp tlon-iitiii-; liTiUi-» H«tiies whirh urt* 
notnl by \'«nd-r Uoort in bis c-alah>g^c of 
(luirlt'ii IV workt; uf art, uid whiuh urc 
riaCi-d to hiiv>> come In hiii iiiajfLsty by the 
d<TWi«f of Prmfv. Ilfiiry. lu the eame ool- 
|t^iuuBrenol«d'alittbTUiinin|;b(inH!,('u]ml 
Htliuff on, Aiid anotlipr Oupid ninning By,* 
Uid ' a liitlf^ i^l. Ucor^ on borH>bnck, witli 
a dragon by,' both of bniM, and by tbft ' nn<^ 
eywl llnlinu Fnmcisco KanoUl.' U« waa iu 
nwfrijit of an annuity from the kiafi, and cn- 

i'oyMitlictitlcof' !4!vilplorti<lli<-kiiigofOruat 
Ihtain.' Aronnbng lo SuiuL-art, I'aiu^lli first 
ottlaincd tbe nolici* of the king from n b-mnli 
Bpuv of Fvfpnalion wrougbl in i^orv, and 
fOlNb^U'-nT fv niadn many vilspa in ivory and 
BOarHe.exwlliRd, howover.mofttly inbronxv. 1 
lie was al»o mt ronitKKl by William ("avpn- ; 
diab, ditku of Ni'wcastle, who bad wvpral ot 
luj work* at SVellKck, iiil-liidin^ a biixt of i 
[;[,B.-i..^ I -'L-ncii Hud datwl ItJlO. Amon§f | 
oM fiv him, '■■r a>>cribc«l to biTn, «r^ ! 

lb- <l i'lmrl^^ I and Hi^nriT-tta Maria 

(pi'i'bape n-alty by Lc yovur), prw»-nti?d by 
Arcbbmiiop Ijiud to St. .folinV Oolbm*. Ox- 
fofd, where thny ttJind iu iiitb-.^ in xU'y qua- 
dnuiglo ; tin* iDonninitnlal btml of Sir llobert 
Ayto» in Wt^atioini'i.fr AWx'y: ihi' bronzu 
biwt of rbarlvs 1 in tbuchun-b ii! lUuimt'r- 
•■itb, jumI iirnilnr huntK in ilii> Itodkian Li- 
|)fiin',<Hr>^rd,\VindAcirCafltle,iindi>lw>wh)-n>; ' 
)>• ' -~ untain at llatDplon ('nun ; and ' 

ui - iiiinb of Lord I'ottiiitfloii in ; 

^^ ._-.iimt!~t.'r Abbtj, mid of Pi-nuloiii' Nucl in 
C'atDpdto Churrh. <.'>b'iiwstvrtihin.'. About I 
IWy bi» apjwao to haii> j-nne to l*ari«, and 
Ihrrtt it) no r»-iiir<l of Iuh liaTtng ri^l urix.-d to 
Koflaad, In tbftl yiu be ]HibU*bfd a knt (if 
MgraTinifv. ■■niiiK-d ' Vam Arcbitrcturt' di ^ 

llpdnlU (irii i -I* !w.»nty ] 

plati'ji uf foil! I >-uiliou of 

thui niu publi^liul 111 iTilJl ; llif i-n^Tavinn 

have hum vtaii-d to be b; W. l-'aithonia too 



obler [ij. V. I, but lh« atrribul ion do^^ not ap- 
pear lo rv«t ou bucier grounds than a i.'asuaL 
suriutire of \'ertue. lie piibliAliCHl ftome Olber 
niiuilnr wurkH| Auch as ' Kuntaiiiva t-l J«ta 
d'Kau dvaainfia d'anrAi lea plua beaux Ueux 
d'ltalie,' and * IV>win8 do Qrottee.* 

[Widpuln'M Anoni nf Pxinting, ixl. IlaUa«»T 
aauWoranni ; Alarivlta'sAbcccdario; R«dgmvea 
IHi-l, of Ar(ist»; (railmard'a U* Uultrca Orna- 
nuuiiktM; Venau's Cat. of KinuCliaHtarBCol- 
k-etion: Cat Stat» i'kMra, Dora. Ser. (8 May 
18W>.1 L C. 

PAKNINO, UDMrNfl (1737-1818), co- 
lonial governor, bom in Long Island, aUlA 

of Nww York, iu 17'J7, was not linprobcbl^' 
deficcndril from Kdmuiid Fanning, who, it la 
said, vkh pud from Dublin during thu Irish 
miti^af.rr- of ItUl^aml nrti-ridi-n'nyrars' wan- 
dering found a real ine-]>]iu:4! in Aincnca in 
that pari of Nciw l>ondon nowcalludOrolon 
fHAVAof;, Ctnmloff. Diet, of Finl Selllfratif 
Arw Enyltiwt, ii. I40t- lie waa ;(rudu&ted 
at Yak- in l7o7, and af^'rwarilD prnctii«c<1 as 
a LawyttF in UilUborou^h, Nortli Curoliaa, 
where he waa appointed coloDcl of militia in 
17G3, clork of the supt-riur court in 17G5,und 
was kubacqut'iitly elected to llit* let;L->latur(!. 
Another ollicc liL'ld bvfainiuaif the ri-vonliir- 
h}iii) of ilenla, uiid to luM abimm of this truMt 
nnii fnvudulcnt rh&r^ was inainly owing 
tile rebi'llion of (he n.-){uUloni in Oovernor 
Tryon'.'* ndminiiitraiion. Through his mal- 
practicce 'nearly all the estates in Oran^ 
L-oiinty were l(>iidc<l with doubtit aa to their 
titltut, uiul new and uuneeetwary <li>«dd wfiro 
deiuandwl,' Added to this bi> lenl in quell- 
ing oppixfilioii 10 the siAverc t^ucUons of tho 
pjveriinteul, and iu briugiug the lendvfK uf 
IhAt oppoflition to the 9c«Hbld, rendered him 
obnoxiouH to the peuplu. To utH»pe their 
fury li*- nccotnpiinii-d lii* father-in-law, (lo- 
vemorTr>-on. to New York in 1771 aa hitt 
priratp aecnttiirj-. When b"- mibwquenl ly 
applitnl to lliH North Carolina legialatun*, 
through (ioTernor Martin, the iiucce»9or of 
Governor Tryon, for com]H>nsation for lossca 
from do«tniction of hia propvrty, Ui« pi'tilion 
mat with n unanimous rejection, and rhei 
govoniOT wn« ceimim.-d fjr prtSL'ntiug it ond 
thu* Hriflinff with the dignity of the boiiM.*.' 
Ills MTvitee to theerowii. howtver. wcrw nut 
foruottt'n, and in 1774 he rtii:r-iv<;d fruui tlie 
Itnliali government the pmGlablo offiee of 
Giir«eynr-g»nenil. In Iii7 ho raised and 
commandi>d a rorpa of -IfiO loyalist^, which 
came to be known as the ' uAsocialed rel\i- 
pN-s' or • kiiijT's American reaiinvnt.' DuriuK 
the war lut wua twice wounuvd, and in 1779 
hia properly wb8 L-uiifiM.'uted. Towurd-i the 
eluN of tho war huui^rated. to Novafkotis, 



Fanshawe 



182 



Fanshawe 



jiai ttn ciUtir an<] liuutciiftnt-govL-rnor 

Pst«non u liflutenant-coTernor of the island 
of St. John in llw ulf uf 8t - LBwrrnoe. A 
rb&Tp>of tyrtinny [iri'fRrrnd against hiin while 
holdLDc thu oflSce was dtsmiKed by the privy 
ooiinril on I Aug. I7fl2 {Report *•» frrrain 
Omtplaint*, &c.) In 17W) he was chosen 
1i«ut«nAnt>favemor of Prince fc^lwnrd Islam), 
an Appointment which h<- trtnini^d until ftue- 
ii<eded, on l» Slav lt»l, bv J- K. \V. D«r 
naiTM (GCT|^ Map. vol, btxiv. pt. i. p. 
47l'>). lie was made a colonic in ihc llriiiMi 
Anny in Depcmber 17W, majof^iipral in 
October 1793, lieutcnant-et^'ucrar in Juno 
1790, and (p^ncral in April ISOH. Thu hono- 
rary dcRTee of H.A. wa.'- cnnfflm-d on him hy 
IIIlnp^lm in I7fl4, and hy King's in 1771;; Ox- 
ford mudti him a I>XM.. 6 Jaly 1771. and be 
Kci-ired diplomas of LLXV from both Valir 
and Dortmouth in 1803. Fanninjr diH in 
Upp«?r S^-vraour J3lroi?I. Londoti, on iii Feb. 
181^ lie loft a \ridow and lhn:o daiu^t^rs. 
IIiH only ran, alio an »i£ci-r in ilw firitish 
army, uii>d bufon? Iiim (ffml. Alur/. vol. 
Ixxxvili. pt. i. p. 409). His portrBit hy God- 
dard luu tHMiii cngrsvod by Heading. 

(Applcton> Cydopttdia of Amrrit»n liinsgrti- 
phy, li. 406 -, Orargiiin Era, ii. 465 -fi , Cmalkins's 
Hint, of New Londun, pL 3uT a.; OudcrNJunk'n 
lIoTfihitiOEiarr Iivoidt-nta of 8uft>)lk find King^ 
Couoty, [1. 172 ; Oodenionk"» HBToIuliouiiry Jii- 
(iduile vf QDM'ii'b CuunLy. y, 217 ; Otidonlouk'x 
Qjor^i'd CoDDly in Ol<len TimMi, p. h'i ; 0\ioT<\ 
GnAwW* (1861), p. 223: KTaiu'<t Cat. of Kd- 
|[r«vcd rortmita, i. 116; Koykl Kalvodaro; 
Amy Luta.] G. O. 

FANSHAWE, ANNK. Ladt (lO^r. 
1680). [See undw Fa-vsiuwi:, Sik Ki- 
CDAiin.] 

FANSHAWE, CATHERINE MARIA 

n(U>-lH3'l),poet«s«, second da light erofJohn 
Fan&h&vi-o of Sbabdi-n in Chipstead, Snrrev 
(*. 10 July 17**. d. i6 Maroh 18HJ). who 
bdd the poailion of first clerk of the buard 
of KTOVD cloth uithuboUDBhuldofGeorgGlIIr 
bynis wife ]'enclii]n-,dHUfrhtfr and mid repre- 
BCDUtiTe nf Johii bmlgt! of Iteading {d. 
17 April l^(^)i WM bom at Shabden on 
6 July 1 76^. That v.«t.aiv woa rold on tho 
father's death, and the old house haa entirely 
diiapnrarod, hut th<» father and mothor lio 
burifd iiiiiicr a tomb in CfaipiiteBd churrh- 
yaril. John, the eldest aon, dind in I77S, 
nod Itobert Chnrlnt, the only other boy, in 
17flS; the HtHtTTM, their fathttr's roln-irvjuieii, 
lived together after hix death at l&Berkeley 
S>]uara,Loadoo,nndatMidbaT^ ITniise, Itich- 
niond, and bfdoDffed to a amall net of TM-ople 
' intimstety unit«a by a comnipu lore of litera- 



I UTD, art , and ecteoof! which existed ia I^Dtlon'' 
in the iwrly part of this century. Miu Fan 
.^bawewBj! endowed with variMi aMompliah- 
ment« and with n symtinthetic disposition; 
,ilie was rlu'only oui- of the thr«;wlv> wrotr 
vtrTttes, but all of them wiirt; good aniate. 
Thi^ir mnuiii^n, howwer, wcn? niarkod by 
e\c«ai>ivo fonuuliiv, and Cmlierine waa dijv 
formed and vgiy delicate. Mra. .Somenille 
aaysnf tho family: *I%'iatted tbes(rladic»,but 
their uinntifr> were t)u cold and formal that , 
thoit^ii I admired their lalcnta, 1 ncvfr be- 
came intimate with tliem : * and Jltss Deny, 
npeaking of tiie povlr.iH, Uid 'half lie r for- 
mality . . . upon the familr to which site 
Iwioiig*.' She WTW 'ndmirablp mi a lntliT- 
writer. as a reader of ^laki^Aiteare, and aft a 
desi^er in almost every style,' is the le^i- 
mony of Mi*? Jlitford, who «dd« tluil her 
friend's ' drawing's and elchinos were tboee 
ofanftTlist.' Lockhart calls ant ' B wonuuD 
of ran.- wit and ir^ulua in whoM toowty Scott 
greatly delichted.' and Scott himself sftyfl : ' I 
read MtKH (anvlian'e'a pieces, whii-h arv quilu 
bnaiiltful.' Sh(^ olTpri'd to roaku tlin Iter. 
William Hainus her hHr, but \if declinM) 
the ofi«r, and ahe left liim hor etching and 
mantL^riplA, from the latter of which h«< 
compiled htn* ' Memorials.' Penelapc', Iwr 
ehW sister, died in April 1833; Oaibi'riiM' 
Maria died at Putney Heath, afit^r a loni; 
and painful illneas, on 17 .-Vpril 18^J4, and 
both of rbem are commvnioratird, with th>?ir 
parenta and their two |]ro[her«,on thelomb- 
stoni' at Chipetcad. There is also in lUrh- 
mond jmrinh uhurch a ta)>l>-l to the inemonT 
of Penelopt?, wlio wos killed hv I ho fatal in- 
fluBni* ol th« fpring .)r I84t. Eli«b*rth 
Chriatiatiu, Iho youn^ir M*ti-r and ihi- la.'it 
survi^^rt-, died at Uidimond I'B .March ISJti, 
iiffed 7f^, Th" house in IWkek-y Squnrv- wtu- 
tlibn sold, and Midhurvt IIouM^ nt Kichmond 
was left to her firot cousin, the widow of thd 
ITon, Sir Robert Stopford. 

Wnt poems long rouained in inaniuicript 
or in private collections. In I7Kt she ro- 
turned a povm by Cowpor which lud bveti 
'lent to her on condition ahr aliould neilher 
show it nor take u copy,' and Hbe BC<.-uui]»inicd 
it by SJime * Stunxas iiddnwset) to Liidy lle<i> 
ketn,' which Cowper ackaowledcnl id aa 
answer of eigbt lines. Several of b«r pii'ci'a' 
went pahliahcd in Joanna Baillie'a 'Col 
tion of Poems' (18l'a). pp. (»-7", 167- 
aod niimerouA extracto from tbMo an 
in Mini .MiifordV ' Kecolh^tionaof a 
Life.' ller best-knowTi poem is the 
on the letter H, which lui^ \>wu ofti-n att 
buted Xn \jon\ Kymn, and ha.t lieen iuclu 
in at least two edit ions of hia works. It f 
^inated in • convcnation on thu rai»uM 



4 



i 



•atishawe 



m 



Fanshawe 



Ittal Irtler when t-hc wa» iti-i]i]tinj; with Mr. 
n«pn ul I)W'p.lt.-Hi', Surrey, tfhe wn>l«* it 
Murine tilt- aigiit, read Ibe line* to lliejTiK'Bts 
At lin>akfiLn next muruiu^', ami commitU'd 
tbem to Mr, Jliiim's alljmn, now prrst-rvinl 
at hflgf^hoTv, ivcar Cranlirook, K«nt. TLe 
OfvuiiifC lin« ontfinnlly rmn, 

TwM in hckvni (ironuuciceLi, aiid 'twu matlvrnl 

bat tfan iiecept«<l reading, and thi< ultcnttmn 
i« nnentllj assigned to JftiDos Smilh of tlw 
' Itgoclud Addrv«u»,' miw U, 

^«w< whiipcrod in bcaTcu, 'twas nultertd in 
li.tl. 

Two liiuM of It poem by Preed, whicli ap 
pMn^) hi tijf ' Morning Poil,' March If^w, 



4H (19M1 ; Mb* Ii»rr)-'« Joutob!, U. 4SI ; 
L' lC[>0«ng« B lUrncK*, pp.B9-IIM; >tr>. Socuui- 
vill«'» Recollection*. p. 222 ; Mis* Milfttrd'* Re- 
coll«i.li«i», i. 2«»-ft5; Loiikiinriii .^i)tt. v. 28T- 
asB: CowporH Workai. vii, -rjo. x. S3; >l»iiiiin(t 
aiid. llray's Sorrev, it. 2*«: NotM nnd f^uetitw, 
|«HMtr.r, 427. 2miiw.3t.293-4.3niiipr.ii. 178. 

' Ith MT. X. S^tO, Atli wi. ii, 4}-4,&ihHr.ix.-JU9, 
7th ter. ii. 3fli). 4A7. iti. 'A3, 73-4. IAS : BrByltf'i 

: domy. if. 3<H. :n>7.1 W. K C. 

FANSHAWE, SiB HENRY (!«»?- 
1610), romombriinLwr of llie i!xch«iuer, Iwm 
about 15(jy, was elder son of Tlionuw Vnn- 
«liawe [q. v.], by bistirst wife. Mdrj-, duuelilor 
of Antony IJourcliifir. In November 1680 
bw bi-rAini! n ktuilfnt of the Inner Tumplo 
{StuJfnts of the Inntr Temple, I571-Hi2''», 
p, 64^. In lOll.un bli fallit-r'* dtath, he 



Mtrgntw] h«r ' Spwwli of liii> Menib^r for mlicnted VVnn> Park. Elertfunisliirv, a hoii*« 
fhtiiim,' n |Mii?tio iM|uib on CohbtMt, who wit ji, Warnick Lime, Lomlon, find a jiari of 
/orOIdhiun, which was afltTwurds printed for ^ ii[_ John'* Wood, on conrlition that he should 
pritiHe circulation, A fi-w i-<>jiie*of her'Mc- pcvvidv lodging with himself for hi.i ntfji- 



noriAl^,' which contained in'jst oi bt-r poems 
owl nine pbot<?gmphs from bir ■•t<-Uiii|:s, were 
printed liy llamas in lf4H.'i for circulnli-jn 
•monF; h"r friend*, and 'J'tO cflpi'-* '*f ' Thu 
Lilt'niry liemain>i of Cntbi-rinc Marin. Van- 
nbftwe. " With uDlc.^ by thi' laif Rev, Wiilium 
!Ian>«'it»,'wtrr«> ii(su«ibvl'ickfriiicin1Sr6. A 
Ieft<>T and a potm bv bur am in MiB» B«rrj-'s 
'Joumnl,' ii. :^t7-ab-J, and in iii. .VJ« b ifl 
a pi*m frith lb.- hPadmp *Th« Coaniry Cnt 
dnckeled by Miss i-ani-bawfi ; ' in ' Slnrray'* 
M»pwiiHJ,''i. ti (IfWT), is" printed an t-xtract 
fcrnn Oiw of her letters, (iw«ribing a dinnf-r 

Birtynt SirHninphry PaTy'BhniiBc.at vrhkii 
vron and Mitdiime do Siael mot. A. tomb- 
•i(»np ill f 'liiiJ^lead churchyard To the memtn^ 
nt a farmer imin some lines fiTitten by Mim 
Faofibawe. Tlireeof hfry«ein««re included 
in l.^H-lit-r'3. ' Lvra Klegantiariim.' 

Two . if her iJiclcb-booU? now I»elonji[ to the 
wife of I'anna (ir-forv of Jft. ranl'a Cathe- 
dral, danebter' if MinsFunsbawe's first couEin, 
1 . ' ■■>nl ; on" of ibew contains Xivvn 

,.■ \ nx-lory, and of the winery in 

1 lurcb corm-r of Ilam|>*hire; the 

'TVi* WJSnfs sketched lu a trip 
(■ Mi.,.rtli- VTiTint C>'ni«. Mrii.tjre- 

- II ■ . wni.'rHvdourdraw- 

j ; ' .-. ^iluMnvtine Shake- 

- of Man.' S<!Vfral of 
ibe pmperty of Mr*. 
tin-2"rT's«iM'TK, the.MiiiW'^Sttipfordiif Kii'h- 
ri' I'l I Many of them nrr fonrign skoicht*, 
.: ■ -nus in Ilfliy, I'ut -ome dulini'iit« 

1 I ncry. Miiu Fansbnwc paid nu- 

III' Ti^kLc ^iiiU to the south of Kuro[>tt for the 
(,.r..«r 'if hirr health. 

■ion frt-m Mif. Oretorr and Miw 
viiiiiial Uiogmpb; and OLiluary, xix. 




inotIii?rJonnnudforhidi*i^*t«rsundste|>8ialer8 
untiltheiruuirriaKe(flee/'«/i«Art(r* ti'i/if.ot. i. 
pp. 40-H)- He aUo auww-dcid lo bifi fitttvr'a 
nlrice ba rpni'-'mbranctr of the eschetiuur. 
Accunling lo tlif teiliinoor of his dnnghl<'[^ 
in-law, Anne, wife of Sir BicIuirU Faiiehawa 
[(J. v.], Queen Kliiabethdwacribed Henry Fan* 
sLiiwe ft* ' I !n> best officer of account^! »b« bud, 
and a person of ((Tent inti^«rily.' lie wm 
elfCtedil.P. for Wt-sthury.Wiltjhiro.l Nov. 
1588, and s^'oiu in Februurr i&92-'*. He t.al 
for Il!>rougLLriJKe, York.*bire( in ihe mrlia- 
tnent aummoned in the autumn of IWi- On 
7 May UWa be was knighted. Prinoc Henry 
woA friendly with him, and liad the princ« 
lived be would iIouLiIkss have bcC-iine a 
Secretary of state. lie van an eutliusiafltil 
«tiident of Italian, and devolvd much titnaj 
to the rearing of hi^rwa, which he rode to lit' 
^-antagii, I.ady Faushawo njport« theconn 
of a ne(;otiation Iw-r.wi'^n biin and the Earl 
of Exeter as to the mie of a valuable burw ' for 
U hundred pieces.' 'His retinue wa.* great, 
aud that mado him ^ri'tcli bin estate, which 
was nijar if not full 4,t»00/. a year, yet wbcn 
be dieil bo left uo debts up<m bifl i^^lnlt-.' 
Camden tn mid by Lady Fiiii>baw# -.o <le«(Tibe 
Fanshawc's g»ni«n at'Warc Park lut unsur- 
ptta«*diiiEngl»ndforit6flo«erii,physic-lierh!., 
and fruits. He dii-d juiddenly, at thi' ftp? of 
forty-eight, aT. Ware.eurly in 5larcb 1(JK>-1U, 
and wm buried in Ihe church tbtre I'i March. 
•He wai,* write* hi.* daiichter-in-law, • a» 
haodscme and as Qae a Kenlleniun a* England 
ibeii had, a most exci-llent husl»and, lalher, 
friend, and iwtrvaut to bix prince.* 

Fanshawe married Elicnbeth, dauf^hter nC 
Tli'inia^ Sinilh or Sm>the of 
K.eul, by wUoui he bod lix. suuj : Tltoinu, fint 



■anshawe 



1S4 



•anshawe 



Kini'iii (lUU4-in80t,' iin>>rwB7<J« Sir Simnii. 
\V'iiltfT(hi|>tiHr<lI.S»-i)I..IflO-'»).Kicliiird[i|.v.], 
Mill SU(J»iiHl<lia|>li»«l^H.tuui; U!Il); Ik-skIi-s 
four dftughteTE : Alive, Mirv, Juim (bujulMjil 
4Jtn.H»ft-7), Ann« {iHipli'-sUi Auj,', ItWJt. 
HiBwidow.wlin wasli-irnin UiTi.ntii! wIiowk 
TtrtlHM an- hijtlilv toiniin*inii-d by Anni-, Imlv 
I'ftnsbawc, btT diiii)!;hr.T-in-liiw, eurnvt'd tilt 
16;tl, bciiii: Wripil at Wiiw a Juno. 

Sir Uenn's will (dnt^^i 13 Nov. 1013, un.1 

SiTOTUfl April IfilOt (ipi^n? with a long (iro- 
WHion of ultHcbnii^Dl to tbi- proU'slinl rt^ 
liffion, and up^winla lila widow, bcr bnjibcr 
SirKichiiriiSiuilb,a»i] biseli,leslson,Tboniiis, 
afterwards first Viscount Fiin«bowp, t-xccu- 
tonf. Aiii'^ii); \i\» prujisrly iii'iiilioii if uia(!>! 
of picture* in nil, jirinls, drawings, mi'tUls, 
cngnrt!^ stontiti, snnuiir. bouks, aud iDueical 
iindruiiii-nl-^ munt of wbicli wtre to be re- 
tnored from lib l^ndoii hoiiee in Warwick 
Lane to Wure Piirk.niid tbi-rn tn n^nirni fur 
ever M hoirlooin?. \.ni)v Vtinnhnvif's vill, 
~M'«d-»01Vb.l0l'9-3O,wa; proved L'Jiii»e!f«L 
[X'jintt (>)'Oc«Wioiil BtiJ Ilistoricjil of tin- Vun- 
lib»wo I-'nmilv. «)uirc .Sir Hcnrj's fun<>mlr[rtili- 
r».tir iind »ilf ivre prinl«ii aT letiRtli ; Mrmnir of 
Anne, lAd.v ruii>liii»«. ed. NkviUs (1829|; Oliit- 
t«rl>iii-k'ii IlcrtfoTvisliitv-. iii, W4-6; NidtoU's 
Progresaea of JtiiiiM I ; CUI. Stnlo l*«p«r>, IK-im. 
ISOri'lS: Ketumii of Uembcvn of I'ltrlinmont, 
i. 426. 4»1, 13G.] S. L. L. 

FANSILAWE, Si« UTCnAKIl (ltlO«- 
ItSISI)). di]ib>mai!i)l anil niithor, if-a<i tl)s lil^lt 
m>» of Sir Ui-'urv l''oiisbawi> q. v.], of Wan- 
Park, lIwlford^^Mn-, bv Kliiabnh, daii^htt-r 
of TboDiuii Smiib or iMiiytbe, es«|. He was 
born at W«r»* I'ark in Juno Hillf?, and hn]*- 
ti»wl on the 12tli. llir* fnlhi-r dit-d in ]«lt*!, 
mid bis eiliicettoii wa* chiefly directeil by lii» 
tnother. She sent him l^^ tbo foinoiie school 
lippl by I^Kimas Famnhv ^ij, v,] in Uripplit- 
e*U'. In Novciiilifr I'^JA he was admitted 
into Jceue ColWe, CauihridKi'. a.^ a Mlow- 
OOmmnniT, and »Iii>wi-d murh iironuHn as a 
clii»aica] Hrholar. Itping desliiu'd bv his 
mother for tho bar. h"- iTiti-rt'd tin' Inner 
'iVmpl? ^i Jan. \(\'2ii. Lnw provtH] diKtoBte- 
ftll Id him, and in lOtiT ho wont abroud toac- 
qiiipp fori-igii lanpiH)i^-n. .\t Pari* hi- U^td 
to bavo bt'en n.'bbi'd of bin blender stock of 
money by Shorwofxi, a j«nit., but he stayi-d 
then? a T>?ftr. and ihi-n pnK-'H^Vfl t'» Mndrid. 
lnl(Kf>(.«nl AhIoh, wbiihBd1«i-«!nreappoial(--J 
Kn);li^h amhoxfiador to Spain, Uikrninf; of 
Fonthnwf's apcompli»bm"nl"i an n ]in){uist, 
aclocu-d him to acpfmiiuny him aa s««ri'Ury. 
In \&Mi becanrit>d diwpatcb*'* from Anton i» 
Spcn>tary Windchanlt, When Aslon left 
Madrid in ITO'*, I'Hn.^bitwe remained aBcharpty 
d'ad'airet till his eucceitsor, Sir Arthur Hop- 



loD.HmWd. About h>-10,wbilt-se»k'in|f fri'slkl 
t'mplrii mt-nt, biA brother Tliimas oireriid t<»1 
friv"*) him the place of kind's r>-inirmbrana>r, 
wbi«h had lonf btt-n in tbe buudu <if thw 
family, on condilion thai liv paid f^flOOl. for 
it in «CTcn years. Tbo ouLbivak of tin* civil 
war iul^Triipifd the nminj^emfni. and Fas- 
tiliawe, a /wijoim ruyabsl, yntiM Chords I at 
Oxford. Therti Ik met Ann« HHrrii>i>n, ibfl 
dauKhCT of auuihvr royalist, and he marriitl 
her al WoUerx-tili' (Imrrh, two mites from 




family. 

As'snrnflorward?l.adj)FAS»it*WHil'*2'''- 
lUf^J) wo-s elder dau([bu-raad fourth cluM uf 
Sir John IIiirTisonof ftulls, llcrlfordiiliirv, by 
AtarKaret, dati);liter of Rubcrt Katu'liawe of 
l-'acuiawe Gate. H«r mothvr was hn* hus- 
band's first ousio. Slie wba bont m Hart 
Mln-rt, St. OlaveV, Ijondoo, 2o Marelt 1025, 
and waa carvfully trained in tu-rdlework, 
Frvncb, vin^n^;'. Ibo lut*;, the virgiuabt, nnd 
dancin^T' ^^li^' Inred rid in;;. riinRintt, and all 
active pastimes, and was wtiat [rraver pwpli! 
callM •« bciyting pirl.' On 20 Jidv llMt). 
wlien fiUe nn« lifki-cn, bcr mother tiicd, in 
accordance (it wa* )<aid) with a panib'-ey 
made t.brtv monlbp after hi>rdauji!it-'r's liirth, 
Thi* loiwuavethp)(trri>thou(iht^suii}rv ^eriuus 
turn, and miteh imuble jmr^ix^l her fiimily, 
Ukt fathrr, who held a j)ost in the customs, 
lent thi- king a larp- xum of moncr in KHI, 
WHS imprisoned by order of the parlianmi in 
ItH^, and wall ilriiri viTd of bis property. In 
J(M3 he directed bu cbiblnin to join him at 
l.ljtford, wh'Tc thcv bxl^rtl in a jnwr baker's 
liou:^', and nulTercd all the priefs of povert 
The deaib of a brother, William, m ]0' 
BfTimiYitted theirtroubles. When Anno mi 
rtijd liiL'bard Fautshiiwu they had not twet 
pounda bi^twei^^u Ilvm, but